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PO Box 1010 Middlebury_ VT - American Retroworks Inc

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					American Retroworks, Inc.

         Electronics Recycling Exports:

         The good, the bad, and the ugly

         Robin Ingenthron
         President, American Retroworks Inc.
         VP, ElectroniCycle Inc.




                   NAHMMA 2002 – Dallas, Texas



                PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.

   Introduction: the CRT Monitor
        • US DEMAND – 50 million monitors per year
        • Highest grades of copper
        • % Made in Asia rising every year
        • Prices fall every year, but monitors are more
          steady than CPUs

        Consumer preference, not obsolescence is driving the market




                 PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.

      Electronics is fastest growing % of MSW
  • Fastest growing component of US Solid Waste stream since 1990:
    computer waste

  •   Number of TVs destined for obsolescence in 2007: 750,000,000
  •   TV repair employment 1980: 100,000+ (NESDA members)
  •   TV repair employment 2000: 39,000
  •   TV repair employment, projected for 2010: 19,000




                    PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.

    Why is domestic electronics recycling expensive?

  • Demanufacturing labor (75 monitors per FTE/day)
  • Scrap value – copper, leaded prices in 1872 dollars have
    fallen 100 fold (steel, alumimum, plastic also down)

  • Reuse/Repair rate 25%
  • American consumer demand is fickle… 14” monitors
    might as well be B&W




                 PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
            Labor cost to product value

          1500

          1000
                                       Demanufacturing
           500                         Repair
                                       Scrap handling
             0
                                       Copper revenue
           -500                        Plastic revenue
                                       Other metal revenue
          -1000
                                       Avoided disposal
          -1500                        250 monitor resale

          -2000




                  PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.

   Why scrap value is low? Mining is cheap!
      Percentage of gold, copper, silver, lead ores production
       from federal lands: 95%
      Estimated Cost of Superfund cleanups to US EPA - $10B
      Number of 15 largest EPA Superfund Sites which are
       copper/lead/gold mines: 14
      % of all toxic emissions from all US Industries attributed to hard-
       rock mining: 47%
      Projected Bureau of Land Management revenues from
       mineral royalties and leases: $300,000
      Federal Employees managing mineral leases: 339




                   PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.

   Expense buys a lot of Recycling Jobs

         160,000
         140,000
         120,000                                                    Computer
         100,000                                                    Repair
                                                                    TV Repair
          80,000
          60,000                                                    All Metal
          40,000                                                    Mining
          20,000
              0
                             USA Employment



                   PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
          THAT’s the USA? What about Asia
  • NO Superfund                       Copper as a percentage of mined
  • Philippines, Indonesia,            Material, after cyanide leaching: <2%
    PNG passed legislation
    modeled on USA 1872                Of that copper, % “electronics grade” <10%
    General Mining Act
    ($5/acre)
  • Number chinese mining
    deaths 2001: 5,000-6,000




                  PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
               List of Chinese non-ferrous smelters
  •   Secondary Nonferrous Metals Smelters                         •   HENGYANG TIANYUAN NONFERROUS METAL CO.,LTD.
  •   BAODING ALUMINUM WORKS                                       •   JIANGSU ALUMINIUM PLANT
  •   BAOTOU ALUMINIUM SMELTER, INNER MONGOLIA                     •   JIANGXI NON-FERROUS METALS SMELTING AND PROCESSING PLANT
  •   BEIJING METALS & MINERALS IMPORT & EXPORT CORPORATION        •   JILIN NICKEL INDUSTRY CORPORATION
  •   BEIJING NONFERROUS METALS INDUSTRY CORPORATION               •   KAI PINT ALUMINIUM SECTIONS MATERIAL MANUFACTORY
  •   BENXI ALLOY PLANT                                            •   LANZHOU LIANCHENG ALUMINIUM SMELTER
  •   CHANGSHA ALUMINIUM MATERIAL FACTORY                          •   LUOYANG PETROLEUM CHEMICAL INDUSTRY SUPPLY AND MARKET
  •   CHANGZHOU HUAYI ALUMINIUM PROFILES CO., LTD                      COMPANY
  •   CHANGZHOU SMELTERY                                           •   MATOU ALUMINIUM PLANT MEIZHOU CIGARTTE FACTORY
  •   CHINA NATIONAL METALS & MINERALS IMP. & EXP. CORP. TIANJIN   •   METALLURGCAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, GUANGHUA CHEMICAL
      BRANCH                                                           INDUSTRY COMPANY
  •   CHINA NATIONAL NON-FERROUS METALS IMPORT AND EXPORT          •   NANHAI OIL ZHUHAI BASE CO.
      CORPORATION, BEIJING BRANC                                   •   NANJING DOLOMITE MINE NANJING HUAHONG MAGNESIUM COMPANY
  •   CHINA NATIONAL NON-FERROUS METALS INDUSTRY CORPORATION       •   NINGBO THREE A INDUSTRIAL GENERAL CORPORATION
      ZHUZHOU SMELT                                                •   NORTHEAST LIGHT ALLOY FABRICATION PLANT
  •   CHINA NATIONAL NONFERROUS METALS IMP. & EXP. CORP. GUANGXI   •   PANSHI ALUMINIUM WORKS, JILIN
      CO.                                                          •   PINGXIANG ALUMINIUM FACTORY, JIANGXI
  •   CHINA NONFERROUS METAL INDUSTRY CO. SHANGHAI UNITED          •   QINGTONGXIA ALUMINIUM PLANT
      CENTER
  •   CHINA NONFERROUS METAL INDUSTRY CORP. XIANGHUALING           •   SHANDONG ALUMINIUM COMPANY
      STANNARY NORTH-WEST ALUMINIUM WORKING MILL                   •   SHANGHAI AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURING FACTORY
  •   DESHENG ALUMINIUM PLANT                                      •   SHANGHAI NON-FERROUS METALS INDUSTRY CORP
  •   FUJIAN CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL SUPPLY CORPORATION      •   SHANGHAI SMELTER
  •   FUSHUN ALUMINIUM PLANT                                       •   SHANGHAI VACUUM FLASK & VESSEL MANUFACTURING CORP.
  •   GANSU ALUMINIUM INDUSTRY COMPANY                             •   SHANTOU SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE, ZHUCHI REAL ESTATE
  •   GANZHOU ALUMINIUM PLANT                                          DEVELOPMENT CORP.
  •   GEJIU GENERAL FOREIGN ECONOMIC RELATIONS & TRADE             •   SHAOGUAN SMELTERY
      CORPORATION                                                  •   SHENYANG LIMING FORGING AND CASTING INDUSTRIAL COMPANY
  •   GUANGDONG NANHAI COUNTY XINGFA ALUMINIUM SECTION PLANT.      •   SHENYANG NONFERROUS METALS WORKS
  •   GUANGXI HARDWARE MINERALS IMP. & EXP. BEIHAI CORP.           •   SHENZHEN JINYUE ALUMINIUM PRODUCT CO. LTD.
  •   GUANGZHOU ALUMINIUM MATERIAL PLANT                           •   THE BEIJING ZHONG KE NEW TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT OF
  •   GUANGZHOU ALUMINIUM PROCESSING FACTORY                           CHEMICAL METALLURGY COMPANG
  •   GUANGZHOU COPPER AND ALUMINIUM MATERIAL FACTORY              •   TIANJIN METAL MATERIALS WEST STATION STORE COMPANY
  •   GUIZHOU ALUMINIUM PLANT                                      •   URUMCHI ALUMINIUM PLANT
  •   HAINAN NATIONAL FOREIGN TRADE CORPORATION                    •   WAFANGDIAN MATERIAL REGENERATING, UTILIZING CO.
  •   HANGZHOU YATONG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD                         •   WUXI COUNTY WELDING MATERIAL MANUFACTORY
  •   HANSEN SPECIAL ELECTRIC WIRE CO. LTD.                        •   WUXI SMELTERY
  •   HENGDIAN GROUP CO. HENGDIAN GROUP CORP. IMPORT & EXPORT      •   YANTAI INSTITUTE OF MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY
      COMPANY                                                      •   YELLOW RIVER ALUMINIUM INDUSTRY COMPANY LIMITED
                                                                   •   YUNNAN ALUMINIUM PLANT
                                                                   •   ZHEJIANG HENGSHAN FERROALLY FACTORY


                                   PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753        P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.

   Extraction is Getting Worse

      • Percent of Congo's lowland gorilla population since mining of
      Coltan for cell phones began 10 years ago: -50%
      • Number of years of known world copper reserves (1970 rate of
      consumption): less than 100
      • Change in World Rate of consumption between 1990 and 1970:
      +50%
      • USGS plan for meeting copper demand in 100 years: ocean bed
      mining




                  PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
                What about Recycling?
  • China imports copper to make monitors: 30% is
    recycled scrap.
  • China imports residue: only 12% of a monitor is copper
    bearing.
  • USA companies shipping all monitors “as is” are creating
    piles of toxic waste




                 PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
         3 USA electronics scrap practices
  • 25 USA employees: 25% monitors sold for reuse/repair,
    positive revenue. 75% scrapped in USA at a loss.
  • 6 USA employees: 75% monitors shipped for scrap and
    repair at $0. 25% sent to company A above.
  • 1 USA employee: 100% export. Generator is sent
    shipping container and packing list.

           – Where are the toxics along for the ride?




                  PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
                      A real bad sign




              PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
            Questions to ask your recycler
  • Does the company have the capacity to demanufacture
    7 out of 10 of the leaded CRT monitors it receives? If
    not, is it paying for specific, tested materials and
    rejecting those that aren’t reusable?
  • What do they do with monitors that can’t be repaired?
  • What technical staff examine whether monitors are
    repairable?
  • What are the chemical weights (gram per Kg) of the
    copper, gold, or other metals the export scrap contains?
  • Who pays for transportation? Is the material worth the
    transport, or is the transport cost an alternative to
    dumping?

                 PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.
                   4 Simple Rules for Exports
  • All material must be individually listed on bill of lading.
    No “package deals”.
  • Each listed item must be for positive revenue.
  • Company must have employee and plant capacity to
    demanufacture non-exportables.
  • Keep a list of items (e.g. CRT glass) never to be
    exported.

  Demand to see export bill of lading or shipping manifests (with name removed
    to protect proprietary market relationships). The cigarettes may not be
    listed, but the rest of the document tells a story.




                      PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500
American Retroworks, Inc.

   Longer Term Solutions to E-Waste Recycling

      • CERCLA (Superfund) Reauthorization - Funded by taxpayers
      since industry funding expired in 1995.

      • US Telecommunications Act - Provides billions in free airwaves
      for transition to Digital TV, which will "obsolete" the majority of TVs
      now in service; no responsibility for recycling

      • General Mining Act of 1872 - Most terms have not been
      amended for 130 years.




                   PO Box 1010 Middlebury, VT 05753   P: 802-382-8500

				
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