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Definition
5 types of holding
When to call or pass on holding
             Definition

No definition under Rule 2.

See Section 3 Blocking : : Article 1 and
Article 2
            Blocking Defined

•   Article 1:
    Blocking is obstructing an opponent by
    contacting him with any part of the blocker’s
    body.

•   Article 2:
    In blocking, a player may contact opponents
    with the arms or hands provided the technique
    is legal. The legal techniques are as follows:
             Blocking Defined

•   Article 2:
•a. Closed or cupped hand technique.
     •   1. The elbows may be inside or outside the
         shoulders.
     •   2. The hands must be closed or cupped with
         the palms not facing the opponent.
     •   3. The forearms are extended no more than
         45 degrees from the body.
              Blocking Defined
•   Article 2:

•   b. Open hand technique. The hand(s) shall be

     •   1. In advance of the elbow.
     •   2. Inside the frame of the blocker’s body; the
         frame of the blocker’s body is the front of the
         body at or below the shoulders.
     •   3. Inside the frame of the opponent’s body,
         except when the opponent turns his back to the
         blocker during the block or after the blocker is
         committed to his charge. The frame of the
         opponent’s body is at the shoulders or below
         other than the back.
            Blocking Defined
•Article 2:

•b. Open hand technique. The hand(s) shall be

    •   4. At or below the shoulders of the blocker
        and the opponent, except when the
        opponent squats, ducks or submarines
        during the block or after the blocker is
        committed to his charge.
    •   5. Open, when the palm(s) are facing the
        frame of the opponent or when the forearms
        are extended beyond the 45 degree angle
        from the body.
    Why is blocking definition
            important
     RULE 9 : : SECTION 2 : : ARTICLE 1
    ILLEGAL USE OF HAND AND HOLDING
•   An offensive player (except the runner) shall
    not:
    a. Use a blocking technique which is not
      permissible by rule (see 2-3-2, 3)
    b. Grasp or encircle any teammate to form
      interlocked blocking
    c. Use his hands arms or legs to hook, lock,
      clamp, grasp, encircle or hold in an effort to
      restrain an opponent
          Holding Definition

•   Simply put:
•   A player cannot use hands or arms to grasp,
    hook, pull or encircle in any way that
    illegally impedes or illegally obstructs and
    opponent. (Applies to both offense and
    defense.)
         Five types of holding

    Grab & Turn
    Grab & Restrict
    Hook & Restrict
    Jerk & Restrict
    Pull Down, Take Down, Tackle
•   Note: Keys usually disappear after the first potential foul
    is over.
    Then area coverage
    Watch lead action
    What are we looking For?

•   Engagement
    Location of hands
     Outside of opponents’ shoulders
     Inside and grasping jersey
     Grabbing low around waist or tackling the legs
    What are we looking for?

•   Disengagement most important part
    of determining legal/illegal block
    Keys to an illegal block
       Attacker pursuit changes but blocker doesn’t let go
       Opponent is being controlled with grab outside of the
       frame
       Blocker pulls opponent over on him to appear as if
       he is being overpowered
       A foot or leg is grasped or encircled preventing
       disengagement
       Defense executes a “Swim” move and offense won’t
    What are we looking For?

•   Quick check list
    Shoulder dip?
    Body twists?
    Jersey stretch?
    Leg, arm, waist hooked?
        Call or Pass on Holding

•       Note 1
        If there is a potential for offensive holding and the
        opponent being blocked is tackling the runner behind
        the line of scrimmage, at or near the spot of the
        potential hold, offensive holding will not be called, as
        the holding has not had an effect on the play.

    •   Note 2
        If there is a potential for offensive holding and at that
        time, the runner is being tackled by another defensive
        player behind the line of scrimmage; ofensive holding
        will not be called, as the holding has not had an effect
        on the play
        Call or Pass on Holding

•       Note 3
        If there is a potential for offensive holding when there
        is no LOS (i.e. punt return or kickoff return), offensive
        holding will not be called if the player who is being
        held is involved in making the tackle at or near the spot
        of the potential hod, or it the potential for holding
        occurs at the time the runner is being tackled by
        another defensive player, as the holding has not had an
        effect on the play.

    •   Note 4
        If there is a potential for offensive holding but the
        action clearly occurs after the pass has been thrown to
        a downfield receiver, offensive holding will not be
        called as the holding has not had an effect on the play.
        Call or Pass on Holding

•       Note 5
        If there is a potential for offensive holding but the
        acton occurs away from the point of attack, and has no
        effect on the play, offensive holding will not be called.

    •   Note 6
        If there is a potential for offensive holding as part of a
        double-team block in close line play, offensive holding
        will not be called unless the opponent is pulled to the
        ground by one of the blockers.
    Call or Pass on Holding

•   Note 7
    During a defensive charge, if a defensive player uses a
    rip technique that puts an offensive player in a position
    that would normally be called holding; offensive holding
    will not be called unless the defender’s feet are taken
    away from him by the offensive player’s actions.
Call or Pass on Holding

o Disengagement is the
 significant part of the block
o See the Entire Play
 o Wait to throw your flag!

o Make It Be There

o Get The Big Ones

				
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