Merchant of Venice PPP.ppt - Wikispaces by wpr1947

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									     Illustrations of
“The Merchant of Venice”
Richard Parkes Bonington. Bassanio and Portia, c. 1826.
Although other titles have been suggested for this small picture, the source is clearly Act III, Scene ii, of The Merchant of Venice.
Bassanio has wisely chosen the lead casket on the table behind them and found inside it Portia's picture. He now claims her with a kiss
as he has been directed by the poem that accompanies "fair Portia's counterfeit":
You that choose not by the view
Chance as fair, and choose as true.
Since this fortune falls to you
Be content and seek no new.
If you be well pleased with this
And hold your fortune for your bliss,
Turn you where your lady is,
And claim her with a loving kiss.

In the background of the picture stand Portia's maid Nerissa and Bassanio's friend Gratiano, two lovers who have had no need of caskets
or poems to make their choice of mates.
Sir Samuel Luke Fildes. Jessica, exhibited in 1888.

By permission of the Folger Shakespeare Library
"There will come a Christian boy, will be worth a Jewess' eye"
(The Merchant of Venice, Act II, Scene v).
Fildes's Jessica was shown in 1888 in an exhibition of twenty-
one paintings sponsored by the newspaper Graphic. The series
of pictures was entitled Shakespeare's Heroines.
Sir John Gilbert. Shylock After the Trial.
Steel engraving, approximately 6.5 x 10.5 inches, by G. Greatbach. The engraving is from Charles Knight's two-volume Imperial Edition of The Works
of Shakespere(London: Virtue and Company, 1873-76).

The title of Gilbert's painting is a misidentification and is thus misnamed. After the trial (Act IV, Scene i), Shylock leaves the stage and we hear no
more of him. The action Gilbert illustrates occurs in Act II, Scene vii after Shylock learns that his daughter Jessica has eloped with Lorenzo--and a
sizeable portion of his money. Salerino and Salanio, friends of Antonio's, describe Shylock running madly through the streets lamenting his lost
daughter and money.

Salanio: The villain Jew with outcries raised the duke,
Who went with him to search Bassanio's ship.

Salarino: He came too late, the ship was under sail:
But there the duke was given to understand
That in a gondola were seen together
Lorenzo and his amorous Jessica:
Besides, Antonio certified the duke
They were not with Bassanio in his ship.
Salanio: I never heard a passion so confused,
So strange, outrageous, and so variable,
As the dog Jew did utter in the streets:
'My daughter! O my ducats! O my daughter!
Justice! the law! my ducats, and my daughter!
A sealed bag, two sealed bags of ducats,
Of double ducats, stolen from me by my daughter!
And jewels, two stones, two rich and precious stones,
Stolen by my daughter! Justice! find the girl;
She hath the stones upon her, and the ducats.'
Frederic Leighton. Two Venetian Gentlemen, c. 1862-3.

Oil on canvas, 38.5 x 28.5 inches. Private collection.
Thomas Sully. Portia and Shylock, 1835.
By permission of the Folger Shakespeare Library
Oil on canvas, 29 x 38 inches. The Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D. C.

An inscription on the back of the canvas says it illustrates The Merchant of Venice, Act IV, Scene i, lines 230-232. The
relevant passage is "Be merciful. / Take thrice thy money; bid me tear the bond." In Sully's painting Portia is poised to tear
the bond in two, but Shylock, holding the scale with which he intends to weigh the pound of flesh cut from Antonio, looks
harshly upon her and points to the bond. The painting seems unconcerned with fidelity to the text; Portia is not disguised
effectively as a judge and Sully is more intent on depicting the merciful, feminine Portia than a "Daniel come to judgment."
Henry Woods. Portia, exhibited in 1888.
By permission of the Folger Shakespeare Library

"Tarry, Jew: The law hath yet another hold on you" (The Merchant of
Venice, Act IV, Scene i). Portia was shown in 1888 in an exhibition of
twenty-one paintings sponsored by the newspaper Graphic. The series of
pictures was entitled Shakespeare's Heroines.
Welcome to
Renaissance
  England
It’s
  Time!
It’s time to don
your doublet!
Tighten your trussing!
Get on your galligaskins!
Females, fit on your farthingales!
Smooth your stomachers!
Remember your ruffs!
Slip on your shoes!


And grab your gloves!
 Gentlemen?




Ladies?
Is everybody ready?




    We’re going to the theatre!
      Shakespeare



 1563-1616
 Born: Stratford upon Avon, England
 Wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets
 He started out as an actor
    Stratford upon Avon
 •Shakespeare’s birthplace
 and burial place
 •Shakespeare’s residence
 outside of London
 •Anne Hathaway’s cottage
 still stands here along with
 other monuments
 •Home of the Royal
 Shakespeare Company

          London
•Shakespeare’s workplace as
an actor and playwright
•Home of the Globe Theatre
(1599) which was built by
(and for the performances
of) ‘The Lord Chamberlain’s
Men’ until it burnt in 1613.
The Globe!



Shakespeare’s theatre
is located just outside
of London, England.
The Globe Theater 1599
      The Theatre
 Plays produced for the general public
 Roofless- open air
 No artificial lighting
 Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of
  galleries
The New Globe Theater 1999
      Spectators
 Wealthy got benches
 “Groundlings”- poorer people
  stood and watched from the
  courtyard (“pit”)
 All but wealthy were
  uneducated/illiterate
 Much more interaction than today
    Staging Areas
   Stage>platform that extended into the
    pit
   Dressing & storage rooms in galleries
    behind & above stage
   Second-level gallery> upper stage>
    famous balcony scene in R & J
   Trap door>ghosts
   “Heavens”> angelic beings
       Differences
 No scenery
 Settings > references in
  dialogue
 Elaborate costumes
 Plenty of props
 Fast-paced, colorful- 2 hours!
          Actors
 Only men and boys
 Young boys whose voices had
  not changed play women‟s roles
 Would have been considered
  indecent for a woman to appear
  on stage
  A groundlings
 Thewhite flag have paid their
The afternoon,are dressing
         stagemen time for
It’sTheand areisstanding to watch
 pennyflying. a a lower class
    isyoungis higher class
    Poetry
    There’sto start. roles.
 up to take a female
 profession, the play.
             and no women will
the play the there.
          than
   of arttoday!play writing is.
   play    appear
   The wealthy are in the upper decks.
  We’re in for a real treat!
   It’s good the plague is over and
      the theaters are open again.
   The of Shakespeare’s tragedies!
It’s oneplay is about to begin!
William Shakespeare
 What do we know he
             When he retired
                 vocabulary
           His purchased a
about Shakespeare?
                 went back to
           HeHe married
              was monument
            He has ahuge:
             Stratford-on-Avon
                  of arms best
            coatWestminsterto
       He died Anne was
       TheyHebought1616.
               in inthree
               His company
      His actingwrote 37
                had 26!
                    father
         His hometown
             and was the
           Hemake town.
                wasin to born
         She 17,000hishe’s
             Abbey thoughLord
                   “The
      was called including
                house
                 middle class
               aHathaway
            very successful
     children, Elizabeth
            Stratford-on-
         is34,000 words!
                1564.
           inbutcher,Men.”
 Evenmovedburiedplays.was
       QueenLondon and
                   in Stratford-
                       upper
             family hemayor,
   HeChamberlain’s
              when
              to on-Avon.
          set18 years
               & twins.
                of playwright,
       aan actor,class. old.
          it became
   LaterAvon.glovemaker.
   enjoyed his plays!
  became
   “The King’s Men.”
      and theater owner.
What do we know
about Shakespeare?
          He has had
          an amazing
          influence on
          our English
          language.
Shakespeare wrote:

     Comedies
     Histories
     Tragedies
    Have you heard these phrases?

 I couldn’t sleep a wink.
 He was dead as a doornail.
 She’s a tower of strength.
 They hoodwinked us.
 I’m green-eyed with jealousy.
 We’d better lie low for awhile.
 Keep a civil tongue in your head.
They are just some of the
many expressions coined
by that master of
language, William
Shakespeare.
Now, let the show begin!
Shakespeare’s Language

Using the handout provided, write the
  following definitions on your sheet.
Elizabethan (QE1) Words
 An,and:   If
 Anon:     Soon
 Aye:      Yes
 But:      Except for
 E‟en:     Even
 E‟er:     Ever
Haply: Perhaps
Happy: Fortunate
Hence: Away, from her
Hie:   Hurry
Marry: Indeed
Whence:   Where
Wilt:     Will, will you
Withal:   In addition to
Would:    Wish
    Blank Verse
 unrhymed  verse
 iambic (unstressed, stressed)
 pentameter( 5 “feet” to a line)
  ends   up to be 10 syllable lines
             Prose
 Ordinarywriting that is not
 poetry, drama, or song
  Only characters in the lower
   social classes speak this way in
   Shakespeare‟s plays
  Why do you suppose that is?
        Plot

The sequence of events
in a literary work
         Exposition
   The plot usually begins with this:
     introduces>>>>
       setting
       characters
       basic situation
  Inciting Moment

 Often   called “initial incident”
  thefirst bit of action that occurs
   which begins the plot
  What is the inciting moment in „The
   Merchant of Venice‟?
           Conflict

 The   struggle that develops
  man vs. man
  man vs. himself
  man vs. society
  man vs. nature
           Crisis

 Thepoint where the
 protagonist‟s situation will
 either get better or worse
  protagonist>good guy
  antagonist>bad guy
            Climax

 Theturning point of the
 story>everything begins to
 unravel from here
  Thus   begins the falling action
       Resolution

Theend of the central
conflict
        Denouement

 Thefinal explanation or
 outcome of the plot
  Ifthis is included in literature,
  it will occur after the
  resolution.
            Theme
 Central idea or …
 Insight about life which
  explain the downfall
      Dramatic Foil
Acharacter whose purpose is
to show off another character
  Can   you think of any in „The
     Merchant of Venice‟?
Round characters

Characters   who have
 many personality traits,
 like real people.
  Flat Characters

 One-dimensional,     embodying
 only a single trait
  Shakespeare often uses them to
   provide comic relief even in a
   tragedy
    Static Characters

   Characters within a story who remain
    the same. They do not change. They
    do not change their minds, opinions
    or character.
 Dynamic Character


 Charactersthat change somehow
 during the course of the plot.
 They generally change for the
 better.
          Monologue

 Oneperson speaking on stage-
 may be other character on stage
 too
  Find   an example from the text.
           Soliloquy

 Longspeech expressing the
 thoughts of a character alone on
 stage.
  Find   an example from the text.
           Aside

 Words spoken, usually in an
 undertone not intended to be
 heard by all characters
                Pun
 Shakespeare loved to use them!!!
  Humorous use of a word with two
   meanings > sometimes missed by
   the reader because of Elizabethan
   language and sexual innuendo
     Dramatic Irony

A contradiction between what a
 character thinks and what the
 reader/audience knows to be
 true
    Verbal Irony

Wordsused to suggest the
opposite of what is meant
  Situational Irony

 An event occurs that directly
 contradicts the expectations
 of the characters, the reader,
 or the audience
          Comic Relief

   Use of comedy within literature that is
    NOT comedy to provide “relief” from
    seriousness or sadness.
       Find an example from the text.

								
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