Sitka outflieS competition two BrancheS, one miSSion c.l.e.a.r. the right to carry? Arctic Gateway Alaska Bear Alaska Bear Contents Alaska Bear Staff Around the 17th District A - District Commander - Rear Adm. Christopher Colvin Fall 2010 ---------------------- - External Affairs Officer - Lt. Eric Eggen ---------------------- Sitka outflies competition.......7 - Deputy External Affairs Officer- two Branches, one mission.......9 Chief Dana Warr ---------------------- Lighting the gateway.......15 - Editor / Layout - Extending operations.......17 PA1 David Mosley ---------------------- c.l.e.a.r........23 - Staff Writers / Photographers - The right to carry?.......25 Building a stronger bond.......29 PA1 Sara Francis PA3 Charly Hengen PA3 Jon-Paul Rios D Big changes in Little lives.......33 PA3 Walter Shinn Capturing History.......37 PA3 Jonathan Lally ---------------------- A) “This quarterly publication is authorized for members of the military services stationed in Alaska, their families and the general public. coast Its contents do not necessarily guard air reflect the official views of the U.S. Government, the Department Station kodiak of Homeland Security or the U.S. aircrews medevaced Coast Guard and do not imply a crewman reported to have endorsement thereof.” injured his hand aboard the 580-foot C Editorial content is edited, prepared and provided by the staff of the 17th South Korean-flagged bulk carrier, BK Coast Guard District external affairs Champ, about 30 miles southwest of Adak office. All queries concerning news and Sept. 21, 2010. editorial content should be directed to Coast Guard external affairs, 709 W. 9th St., Juneau, AK 99801. (907) 463-2065. www.uscgalaska.com B) The Coast Guard responded to the grounding of the 34- foot fishing vessel Pegge in Gastineau Channel across from Sheep Creek near Juneau Sept. 14, 2010. Coast Guard Sector Juneau Is there an event you want covered command center watchstanders received the initial notification of the for the Alaska Bear? Do you have an grounding via VHF radio from a second vessel transiting the area about 8:30 B opinion to be heard? Does your unit have anything newsworthy to report? p.m. Sector Juneau command center personnel ordered the launch of a Station If so, we want to hear from you, call Juneau Response Boat-Small crew in response. 907-463-2065. C) Coast Guard external affairs 25 709 W. 9th St. A Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter rescue crew from Cordova Juneau, AK 99801 responded to the Seattle-based 100-foot fishing vessel Cape Cross ---------------------- which went aground at 5 a.m. in Main Bay in Prince William Sound July 26, On The Cover 2010. 37 D) POINT HOPE, Alaska – Petty Officer 1st Class Craig O’Brien, carries Coast Guard Sector Anchorage personnel responded to and 150 pounds of equipment to help coordinated response efforts for a flexible self propelled barge that assembel a 15-foot Coast Guard Aid grounded and partially submerged in 9 feet of water while transiting the to Navigation Tower four miles south of Point Hope Saturday, July 31, Beaufort Sea 40 miles west of Prudhoe Bay at 11:55 a.m. Sept. 14, 2010. 2010. Coast Guardsmen from Aids to Navigation Team Kodiak carried equipment over a quarter mile to where the tower was built. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 3rd Class Walter Shinn. 29 1 2 Alaska Bear Memorial Overflight SITKA, Alaska - A Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk aircrew from Air Station Kodiak, standing by for aircrews in Sitka following the crash of CG6017 near La Push, Wash., in July, conducted a memorial overflight Saturday, July 10, 2010, in Sitka. The Coast Guard ensigns will be circulated to all Coast Guard air stations to be flown before they are presented to the families of the fallen aviators. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Jeff Solomon 3 4 Alaska Bear Watchful Eye KODIAK, Alaska - Petty Officer 3rd Class Mike Klopp, a boatswains mate and coxswain, at Coast Guard Aids to Navigation Team Kodiak looks to the stern of the 41-foot Utility Boat to check on his crew Sep. 9, 2010. Klopp and crew aboard the UTB were out in Chiniak Bay participating in a training exercise with Air Station Kodiak. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 3rd Class Jonathan Lally. 5 6 Alaska Bear 7 8 Alaska Bear Two Branches, One Mission: Story by Petty Officer 1st Class Sara Francis, PADET Kodiak Save Alaskans Joint Operations KODIAK, Alaska - The crews of a Kodiak-based Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk helicopter and an Anchorage-based Air National Guard HH-60 Pavehawk helicopter conduct joint water rescue training over Women’s Bay in Kodiak June 30, 2010. The crews conduct multiple search and rescue missions in Alaska annually. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Sara Francis. In Alaska rescue operations are prosecuted on scene working to extract the injured from the Air National Guard counterparts to treat stabilizing broken bones,” said Petty Officer by two federal services, the Alaska Air National wreckage when the Coast Guard arrived from Air injured patients and medevac them in the coast 3rd Class Gregory Sykes of Lovell, Wyo., a guard and the coast guard. the coast guard’s Station kodiak. Guard and Air National Guard helicopters to loadmaster aboard the Hercules. “We flew low, jurisdiction falls to the water, islands and coastal “It was an intense scene,” said Petty Officer Dillingham. In one case a man with internal below 10,000 feet, and couldn’t pressurize the regions. The Air Guard handles the inland search 2nd Class Michael Gerent of Gainesville, Fla., injuries was hoisted into the helicopter in a Coast cabin due to the survivor’s injuries.” and rescue cases. The services work together on an aviation survival technician on the case guard rescue basket to prevent further injury as One significant difference between the services some cases due to unique circumstances and are stationed at air Station kodiak. “we had to opposed to the rescue sling routinely used by the is the training and equipment used by the Coast seeing more cross over on rescue operations. triage the patients and be aware the whole time Air National Guard. Guard’s aviation survival technicians and the Air Aug. 9 a small plane went down in rural of the potential for the wreckage to slide down Once in Dillingham, crewmen aboard an National Guard’s pararescuemen. Alaska near the Nushagak River 26 miles the hillside and how we’d get ourselves and the HC-130 Hercules aircraft from Kodiak further coast guard aSts spend four months in northwest of Dillingham killing five of the nine injured out of the way if we had to.” medevaced the three survivors with two air training at an air station prior to going to school. passengers and crew including the former Alaska Gerent was lowered to the ground on the National Guard pararescuemen to Anchorage. They then train for 18 weeks learning rescue Senator Ted Stevens. Alaska Air National Guard 40-degree slope of the mountainside below “we had a coast guard corpsman with us techniques, small engine repair, parachute and coast guard assets responded. the air the wreckage and was forced to hike up with in addition to the pararescuemen and our packing, first aid and aviation survival gear National Guard pararescuemen were already a full gear bag to assist. He worked alongside crew working to treat the survivors including maintenance among other things. The rescue 9 10 Alaska Bear Birds of a feather KODIAK, Alaska - Lt. Ian Hurst, an HH-65 Dolphin pilot at Coast Guard Air Station Kodiak, demonstrates the Coast Guard’s SAR warrior aircrew survival vest to the aircrew of an Air National Guard 210th Rescue Squadron HH-60 Pavehawk June 26, 2010. The crews were conducting joint water rescue training. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Sara Francis. swimmer-training program has one of the highest Sykes was struck by the shear amount of gear volunteer community service projects as well, snowmachiners or skiers that find themselves in student attrition rates of any special operations the pararescuemen travel with. They brought two such as painting schools and rebuilding fire trouble.” school in the military. Following graduation and pallets totaling about 300 pounds of equipment engines. The Coast Guard and Air National Guard both upon reaching their first station they complete back from Dillingham aboard the Hercules. Tools In June, Air National Guard crews from Kulis fly a version of Sikorsky’s HH-60 though they are additional aircraft and region specific training include the jaws-of-life and more advanced Air National Guard Base in Anchorage came to configured differently. that can take up to a year. Many complete medical gear than the Coast Guard ASTs use. Kodiak to conduct joint water rescue training for According to Westerlund, the Air National additional emergency medical technician courses Despite differences in training and experience three days. The Air National Guard conducts Guard Pavehawk is a multi-mission multi-role and become nationally registered EMTs. the servicemen worked together to stabilize and the majority of their cases on land. They are most helicopter primarily designed to execute combat Pararescuemen spend two years in their initial comfort the survivors of the plane crash saving often launched by the Alaska State Troopers rescue missions anywhere in the world. training. From start to finish the dropout rate four of their lives. for inland search and rescue. As of the end of “Everything from taking our pararescuemen is 60 to 90 percent from each class. They attend The Ted Stevens’ case is just one example of September they are credited with 41 missions and and their dive gear out to an underwater additional training from many services including joint work between the two services. 27 lives saved in 2010. situation to the top of the highest mountains in parachutist training in Arizona, Army Airborne On an annual basis the services team up to “Typically the summer season brings us to Alaska and everything in between,” he said. School in Georgia, Air Force Combat Dive School bring care to the North Slope during Operation Denali and the climbers in trouble,” said Maj. that in between is the desert and mountains in Florida, EMT and paramedic school in New Arctic Crossroads. Air National Guard crews Karl Westerlund, a fulltime HH-60 Pavehawk of the Middle East and Central Asia. Westerlund Mexico and a host of others that range from a few transport doctors, dentists, optometrists and pilot with the 210th Rescue Squadron. “The fall and several of the pilots he flies with have days to up to six months. They have more varied veterinarians to remote Alaska villages while the tends to be hunters and hunting parties that completed combat tours overseas and expect to experience and are deployed to a larger variety of Coast Guard conducts boating safety outreach have issues with light aircraft or stranded on be deployed again. areas worldwide. and vessel exams. The crews routinely conduct scene type events, and in the winter typically it’s in kodiak the crew worked with the coast 11 12 Alaska Bear Cougar Rescue KODIAK, Alaska --The Singapore-flagged vessel Cougar Ace remains disabled and listing at 60 degrees 230 miles south of the Aleutian Islands July 26, 2006. Coast Guard and Air National Guard crews worked together to rescue the 23 crew aboard the Cougar Ace. U.S. Coast Guard photo. Guard specifically on waterborne rescue. based HH-65 Dolphin embarked on the Coast north of Anchorage. Weather conditions forced and had to hoist using the helicopter wreckage “there are minor differences in our techniques Guard Cutter Morgenthau was in range to assist. the crew to insert the pararescuemen four miles as a point of reference to prevent us from whiting and procedures but our standards are similar,” The ship was outside the range of the Coast from the aircraft. Using mountaineering skis out ourselves,” said Lt. Cmdr. Craig Neubecker said Westerlund. “They’re not identical but Guard’s land based MH-60s. Air National Guard and towing sleds full of gear that weighed 100 of Burden, Kan., an MH-60 pilot at Air Station they’re parallel which lets us see that our training assets came over 1,000 miles from Anchorage. to 150 pounds each, two of the four members of kodiak. “the crash was on a mountainside and path for doing water missions is parallel to the In July 2009, an Air National Guard HH-60 the pararescue crew reached the men the next it was very steep, so we lowered the rescue coast guard and we consider the coast guard Pavehawk crew with a Coast Guard Hercules day and the rescue helicopter crew was able swimmer to the cliff ledge to perform the rescue.” the experts in water missions.” escort rescued a Norwegian kayaker in distress to recover the team and the survivors despite The rescue swimmer on the case, Petty Officer The biggest difference in the aircraft 10 miles southeast of Little Diomede Island in challenging whiteout weather conditions. 3rd Class Erich Klingner of Forked River, N.J., configuration is the Coast Guard’s use of external the Bering Strait as his bid to circumnavigate the This was not unlike a case the Coast Guard hiked several miles to and from the downed fuel tanks while the Air National Guard has an in world under human power came to an end in conducted in May saving two men and seven plane with the animals. They and the two men air refueling capability. This refueling capability the unforgiving weather of the northern Bering sled dogs after high winds and whiteout were safely delivered to Seward. makes the National Guard the go-to responders Sea. The Coast Guard rescued a Frenchman five conditions forced their small helicopter down Two services, multiple aircraft, minor for extreme long-range offshore rescue. days earlier 40 miles north of St. Lawrence Island near the Godwin Glacier north of Seward. The differences, one mission – serve the people of In July 2006, Coast Guard and Air National attempting the same feat. crew was challenged to get all the dogs in the Alaska and rescue them from harm. By working Guard helicopter crews worked to rescue 23 During the 2010 Operation Arctic Crossroads aircraft and maintain a hover in such poor together the Coast Guard at Air Station Kodiak personnel from the deck of the 653-foot car the Air National Guard was called away from visibility. and the Alaska National Guard have saved 103 carrier Cougar Ace as it listed to 60 degrees in the their work in the northern villages to rescue the “We were in a convergence of winds coming lives and assisted 87 others thus far in 2010. They North Pacific Ocean. The Coast Guard’s Kodiak- crew of a downed plane on the Knik Glacier from two different directions off the mountains continue to serve so that others may live. 13 14 Alaska Bear Story and photos by Petty Officer 3rd Class Walter Shinn, D17 Lighting the gateway to the Arctic The sun could be seen from the Arctic equipment four miles south to the build community of Point Hope as it eclipsed the site. Since the frozen tundra was too bumpy horizon in the early morning, but winds picked and uneven for the truck they had no other up and temperatures gradually decreased during option but to carry the hand tools and assembly the summer day. Salt could be tasted on the tip pieces for the tower a quarter of a mile. This of one’s tongue as the wind blew eastwardly required going to and from the utility truck from the Bering Strait. There was an occasional several times even with each person maximizing wind gust of up to 30 mph as the crew of four the number of pieces they were able to safely walked across the barren frozen tundra carrying carry. up to 150 pounds of equipment to one mile south in order for the 15-foot tower to withstand of Beacon Hill four miles south of the village. the Arctic weather conditions a three foot hole Vessels are routinely traveling through the was dug using a shovel and pickaxe into the Bering Strait without many visible maritime aids cement-like permafrost. The four came to near to navigation. To help vessels safely navigate exhaustion as the permafrost only continued to through the strait four Coast Guardsmen from become harder the further they dug down. They Aids to Navigation Team Kodiak traveled to played rock music in the background to help gain Point Hope to build the Northern-most Coast adrenaline and keep up their spirits while they Guard Aid to Navigation tower in the United chipped away at the permafrost. States July 28, 2010. Once the holes were dug to the depth and width Not only was the location for this tower unique needed to support the tower construction began. but also for three of the four Coast Guardsmen One person stayed on the ground to hand who constructed the tower. the tower was equipment to help the three others who constructed by Chief Petty Officer James assembled the tower. Bolts were tightened and Beacon of Hope Brumley, Petty Officer 3rd Class Christopher looked over when the construction of the tower POINT HOPE, Alaska – The 16-foot Coast Guard Aid to Mackey, Petty Officer 2nd Class Casey Loken was complete. The four Coast Guardsmen Navigation Tower which was built four miles south of Point Hope was completed on Sunday, August, 1, 2010. Four and Petty Officer 1st Class Craig O’Brien, who worked in tandem as the tower began to take Coast Guardsmen from Aids to Navigation Team Kodiak are stationed at ant kodiak. for loken, o’Brien shape while it was pieced together with bolts, completed building the tower in six hours Saturday and placed the aids to help vessels navigate through the and Mackey this was their first navigation tower screws and the structure pieces. Within six hours Bering Strait Sunday. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer construction deployment. they completed the navigation tower. 3rd Class Walter Shinn. Another unique facet of the light is the help it However, there were still a few more items to be will provide for Alaskan natives on the North added on the tower. Slope often use maritime ATON lights to On the final day four dayboards and an charges three batteries during the day in order days. They built the tower while digging distinguish which direction to go when traveling LED light were installed onto the tower. The for the light to be seen by vessels at night. This through permafrost, battled vicious mosquitoes and hunting. dayboards warn vessels navigating through the is the first LED light used in the region but it is in sunny weather and 30 mph wind gusts only to “People on a vessel or snowmobile may see the Bering Strait of nearby land during the day. The specifically built to withstand the harsh winter help future vessels navigating through the Arctic flashing light at night on land or offshore and crew found out they can also be used as kites conditions. gateway. know which direction home is,” said Brumley. while they carried the platforms a quarter of The LED light is visible offshore from a distance the constructed tower is one of four in the “You don’t want to be guessing the wrong a mile in winds gusting up to 20 mph. Three of up to 10 miles away and the day boards may Arctic Circle but is the Northern-most Coast direction in the Arctic during severe weather people held each dayboard safely in place while be visible up to three miles on a clear day. Guard aid to navigation tower in the region. storms or at night.” the fourth person bolted it into the tower. Brumley, O’Brien, Loken and Mackey traveled with the tower constructed near point hope it Over the period of five days the four Coast The LED light was installed after the dayboards. more than 1,600 miles roundtrip to build a will serve as an essential link of communication Guardsmen drove a utility truck to haul all of the The light is powered by a solar panel which navigational aid along the Bering Strait in five between vessels and jagged Arctic shoreline. 15 16 Alaska Bear Story and photos by Petty Officer3rd Class Walter Shinn, D17 Extending operations into the last frontier For centuries frozen ice has surrounded the over the previous three years the increased world’s northernmost ocean during the winter access and activity in the Arctic region extending into the Bering Strait enabling people has prompted the coast guard to test the living in the isolated communities throughout service’s rescue aircraft and watercraft in the the Arctic Circle to travel across the ice. Today, communities of Barrow, nome and this year shrinking ice is allowing vessels to navigate to Kotzebue. the Arctic Ocean transporting people through Recently more than 70 Coast Guard, Army a remote region one-fifth the size of Lower 48 National Guard, Air National Guard and U.S. states with limited rescue assistance days away. Public Health Services personnel deployed POINTING THE WAY KOTZEBUE, Alaska – Petty Officer 2nd Class Shawn Crabtree, a boatswain’s mate and resident of Ketchikan, Alaska, and Chief Warrant Officer Mark Helmers, a resid ent of Juneau, Alaska, and Hiram Walker, director for search and rescue Northwest Arctic Borough, point toward a barge that is navigating through Kotzebue Sound Sunday, August 8, 2010. Walker led Crabtree and Helmers to a potential location for a new marker to be placed to help people navigate through the area during winter seasons. 17 18 Alaska Bear Safe Landing KOTZEBUE, Alaska – A Coast Guard MH-60 Jayhawk rescue helicopter lands on a tarmac as an Army National Guard UH-60 Blackhawk and an Air Force National Guard HH-60 Pavehawk helicopter prepare to land at Forward Operating Location Kotzebue with personnel deployed in support of Operation Arctic Crossroads 2010 Sunday, August 8, 2010. Helicopter crews transported personnel to remote northwestern Alaskan villages including Pt. Hope, Koyuk, Wales, Selawik, Shishmaref, Kivalina. to Kotzebue for a 10 day initiative providing about the culture of the region while bringing PFD’s, 495 coloring books and gave boating through the bumpy frozen tundra to the school physical exams, dental, optometry, boating much needed medical care to remote villages and safety classes to each village. house and medical clinic. The medical teams safety awareness and other community services encouraging them to use better boating safety Helicopter crews from the Coast Guard, Air used the village medical clinics as staging to eight boroughs throughout Northern Alaska. practices.” National Guard and Army National Guard areas while the boating safety teams set up in a This multi-agency operation was an opportunity During the operation the three helicopter transported personnel in support of Operation classroom at the local school. for the Coast Guard to measure operational crews flew the medical and boating safety teams Arctic Crossroads 2010 to 12 villages in Children followed the veterinarians with effectiveness and the overall capabilities of Coast more than 6,500 miles to the remote villages in Northwest Alaska. Medical and boating safety curiosity as they tried to cover the entire guard assets. Northwest Alaska. Medical doctors examined teams were transported to noatak, point hope, community within the allotted time at each “Identifying operational capabilities for Coast 277 patients, an optometrist examined 98 Shishmaref, Kivalina, Koyuk, Wales, Shaktoolik, village. If the children weren’t following guard response boats in the arctic waterways is patients, two veterinarians treated 326 animals Nome, Selawik, Teller, Gamble and Savoonga. the veterinarians they would be attending vital to understand the service’s current limits in and a team of dentist examined 74 patients. Residents at each village waited at the airport presentations on boating safety from the Coast the remote region,” said Cmdr. Michelle Webber, Two Coast Guard Auxiliary members with all-terrain vehicles to welcome the teams Guard Auxiliary. operational commander of Operation Arctic distributed 1,095 whistles and signal mirrors, 48 aboard the helicopters when they landed. The The other section of the medical team was busy Crossroads. “At the same time, we are learning youth sized Personal Flotation Devices, 20 adult medical teams were transported via the ATV’s treating numerous patients who received much 19 20 Alaska Bear needed dental, foot and eye care during the stay freeze during the winter season allowing people at each village. During each village to travel between villages using custom visit teams stayed for a period of four to six built navigational markers. The markers serve hours. Once it was time to leave it was common as a vital navigational aid in the Arctic region. to see the residents lined up along the runway Personnel deployed for Arctic Crossroads also waving farewell as children blew their whistles. participated in a community service project at While Coast Guard, Army National Guard and the Boys and Girls Club in the city of Kotzebue. Air National Guard helicopters were transporting Coast Guardsmen and USPHS personnel worked medical and boating safety teams to remote together to help widen the gate to an ice rink villages, Coast Guard personnel were operating in order for a snow remover to drive through. rescue boats testing maneuverability Additionally, they helped clean up around the in unmarked shallow waterways around city and painted the inside of the facility. Kotzebue. The results from testing the Coast Guard’s Coast Guardsmen tested four types of small capabilities in the region will be evaluated by boats including a Special Purpose Craft-Shallow coast guard commandant adm. robert papp Water boat, a 25-foot Response Boat-Small, an Jr. who will present the recommendations to 18-foot Sea Wolf Kite boat, and a 24-foot Munson Congress in Washington D.C. with hopes that boat. They also tested a 28-foot Metal Shark jet someday the Coast Guard can be permanently boat. present in the arctic. The waterways the response boats navigated Until then Coast Guard members throughout across ranged in depth from one to six feet in Alaska plan to continue its yearly operation Kotzebue Sound. The muddy bottom shifted building on previous efforts to establish the often making the unmarked area challenging to service as the premier search and rescue agency navigate across. The waterways around Kotzebue in the arctic. Dog Doctors KOYUK, Alaska – United States Public Health Service Veterinarian Doctor Mary Anne Duncan, a resident of Mebane, N.C., examines one of two dogs owned by Koyuk residents Wayne and Fannie Nassuk Wednesday, August 4, 2010. Duncan and USPHS Veterinarian Doctor Wanda Wilson walked through the community of 350 to examine 48 dogs and three cats. Emergency Training (Page 22) KOYUK, Alaska – Mike Morris demonstrates the use of an emergency harness to local residents during a boating safety demonstration as part of Operation Arctic Crossroads 2010 Wednesday, August 4, 2010. More than 100 of the 350 residents attended the boating safety demonstration that was given throughout the afternoon displaying boating safety equipment and educating the community. 21 22 S Alaska Bear earch and rescue, aids to “We visit a unit a week at a time,” explained C.L.E.A.R. Story and photos by Petty Officer 3rd Class Jonathan Lally, PADET Kodiak navigation and marine safety are Brown. “The first day or so we worry about the just a few of the coast guard’s assessment. When we leave the unit we try to daily missions, but among these, make sure their law enforcement instructors are law enforcement is one of its top notch.” more prominent missions. Students such as Petty Officer 2nd Class Joshua There is a couple of ways Coast Guardsmen receive law Sheppard, a boatswain’s mate on the cutter SPAR, benefit from the training that instructors Comprehensive Law Enforcement enforcement training; through “C” school, a like Brown provide. Assessment of Readiness highly supplemental training school or on-the-job Sheppard mentioned he had previous training. Members at shore units and experience with law enforcement as a member cutters can attend both the Boarding Team of a boarding team from his time at a small boat Member “C” School or receive specialized station. training from Coast Guard law enforcement “i’m pretty new to the unit and i don’t training teams. currently hold the qualification here for a Recently the Coast Guard Cutter SPAR, boarding officer or boarding team member,” homeported in Kodiak, Alaska, was visited explained Sheppard. “I have in the past though, by Training Team West members stationed in so this actually is a great refresher to get me jump Alameda, Calif., for their law started on my re-qualification.” enforcement training as well as a Sheppard praised the trateam “My favorite part is West instructors saying what an comprehensive law enforcement assessment of readiness. the classroom time excellent job they were doing to Petty Officer 1st Class Lee because it seems making it simple by breaking it Brown, a gunner’s mate with down to understand. TraTeam West, was among the my knowledge base Brown lit up when he spoke of group of instructors that visited grows every time I sit how instructing pays off when the Spar’s crew. Brown provided instruction in use of force and light down in one of these he sees “that eyes. bulb go off” in the students boarding procedures. classes.” Sheppard reflected on his time “our primary mission is to from the training mentioning the conduct an assessment of the _ Petty Officer 2nd Class highlights and benefits that he unit’s law enforcement program Joshua Sheppard received, from kicks, stuns and so we can provide the command all the physical training, to the we are visiting with a snapshot of where classroom instruction which Sheppard said was their law enforcement program lies and any his favorite part of the training. Punching Bag recommendations to make it better,” said Brown. “It may sound odd but usually people like When instructors like Brown visit units to the physical stuff we do,” Sheppard said. “My KODIAK, Alaska - Petty Officer 2nd Class Joshua Sheppard, a boatswains mate on the conduct training they do it in a classroom setting favorite part is the classroom time because it Coast Guard Cutter SPAR holds a training and through hands-on training. seems my knowledge base grows every time I sit bag for Seaman John Nash during a law The classes that are given consist of down in one of these classes.” enforcement training exercise Aug. 25, 2010. Nash and Sheppard along with other boarding procedures and review of the 4th Gaining confidence in your shipmates and shipmates of theirs from the cutter received and 5th amendments to the constitution to their skills with law enforcement, hearing training from instructors with Training Team West from Alameda, Calif. help boarding team members know people’s them ask their questions and receiving more rights and how to go about performing the knowledge are all benefits that Sheppard said he responsibilities of their jobs. was getting from the training. “It keeps us on the same page,” said Sheppard. the instruction provided to the Spar crew The hands-on portion of the training deals Sheppard extended his gratitude toward All in all, confidence boosters and gained skills has better prepared them to conduct proper with defensive tactics. Kicks, stuns, handcuffing, Brown and the other instructors for taking the to growth of knowledge and recommendations boardings in Alaskan waters and has set them pressure points and joint manipulation are time to come to kodiak. he commented on the for bettering the law enforcement program of a on the road to becoming “top notch” law among some of the defensive tactics that are distance of Kodiak from California saying, “it unit, the training received by Alaska-based Coast enforcement personnel for this prominent taught. was a little out of the way.” Guard units is unique and helpful. mission for the coast guard. 23 24 Alaska Bear In a convenience store in Pennsylvania a responsibilities and a person 21 or older may be criminal was accosting a young female clerk charged with misconduct involving weapons in Story and photos by Petty Officer 1st Class David Mosley, PADET Anchorage The right to carry? threatening her with bodily harm if she didn’t the 5th degree under Alaska statute 11.61.220 if give him the money! Behind this man was an they: elderly woman who drew her revolver and held the man until police arrived to take him into • fail to immediately inform a peace officer custody. that they are carrying a concealed handgun While this example is anything but ordinary, it • fail to allow the officer to secure the is one example of how responsible citizens across weapon or fails to secure the weapon at the the United States have decided to exercise their direction of the peace officer state given right to own and carry a concealed • carry the weapon concealed within firearm. another person’s residence, unless they have Alaska is one of 41 states that issue permits first obtained the express permission of an adult allowing their residents to carry a concealed residing there, whether or not the person has a firearm and one of three unrestricted states that concealed handgun permit. do not require a permit to carry a concealed firearm upon ones person while within the state. A routine stop for a traffic violation as any law Alaska does not require a permit for a enforcement officer will tell you is anything but law-abiding adult to carry a handgun, either routine and is one of the few instances where a openly or concealed, within the state’s borders. law abiding adult carrying a concealed firearm however, the state continues to issue permits to will run into the first and possibly the second any of its residents who meet the state’s issuance bullet listed above. criteria for reciprocity reasons; meaning that The Coast Guard allows you to own a firearm Alaska residents can carry with a permit while as long as all civilian procedures are followed. in other states Always keep in that recognize the mind that Federal Alaska concealed law prohibits carry license. the possession Alaska statute of firearms of 11.61.220 allows other dangerous anyone 21 or weapons in all older, who may Federal Buildings, legally carry a with or without firearm to also intent to commit carry it concealed a crime, by all without having persons not to obtain a special specifically permit. however, authorized by Title the possession 18, united States of a firearm at Code, Section 930 courthouses, (c). conviction schoolyards, bars carries penalties of and domestic violence shelters is prohibited. up to five years imprisonment and $5,000 fine. While the right to own a firearm is a hotly Title 18 is the minimum that you as a debated topic in Washington D.C. and across the responsible gun owner need to be aware of. United States, the fact is that Alaska has given There are unique firearm requirements for each its residents the right to carry if they so choose. military base, and what may be acceptable on a However, the right to carry comes with distinct Coast Guard base may not be all that is required 25 26 Alaska Bear while on an Air Force or Army base. As a Consider how you dress and your lifestyle. continued on through his wife’s leg. When holding a gun, rest your finger on the responsible gun owner it is your responsibility How will you carry the pistol? Can you Accidents happen and rarely do people plan on trigger guard or along the side of the gun. Until to check with base security at the gate before adjust your wardrobe to accommodate your shooting a friend, family member or their selves. you are actually ready to fire, do not touch the entering to become familiar with the unit’s pistol? Particular body shapes may present Could these tragic accidents have been trigger. particular regulations. special problems. Your physical strength and avoided? these two scenarios are different, “Regardless of the state laws, I am a conditioning may also be a factor, as powerful however, each of these actual occurrences can be 3. ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until government employee which supersedes all pistols tend to function better for people with learned from. ready to use. else,” said Petty Officer 2nd Class Christopher strong arms and hands. The National Rifle Association gives the Whenever you pick up a gun, immediately LeFaiver, maritime enforcement officer and As important as any other single factor is the following three fundamental steps that must engage the safety device if possible, and, if the armory supervisor at coast guard Sector size and geometry of your hand. Hand size varies always be followed when handling a firearm. gun has a magazine, remove it before opening Anchorage. “It is the members responsibility to greatly, it is very important to handle a gun the action and looking into the chamber(s) know the rules governing weapons at each unit paying attention to the comfort of the grip and 1. ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe which should be clear of ammunition. If you do that they visit or are assigned to.” the position of the controls on the pistol. direction. not know how to open the action or inspect the “I have made the choice to carry a concealed Does the gun feel good in your hand? Is the This is the primary rule of gun safety. A safe chamber(s), leave the gun alone and get help weapon,” said lefaiver. “i carry for a few trigger smooth or is it rough and heavy? Is the direction means that the gun is pointed so that from someone who does. reasons including protection for me and my frame fairly narrow so that it will conceal well? even if it were to go off it would not cause injury family while in town or in the wilds of Alaska.” Does the gun have the right balance of power, or damage. The key to this rule is to control Making the decision to carry a concealed Military members who decide to carry need to weight and size? where the muzzle or front end of the barrel is weapon is a huge decision and responsibility. put as much research into what gun to purchase, Before you buy and before you decide to pointed at all times. Common sense dictates make sure that you are prepared for that as they do into knowing what laws apply. Don’t carry, members need to remember that firearm the safest direction, depending on different responsibility. To summarize, hold it, feel it, fire be in a rush to buy the first gun you see. Give it a safety must always be followed. Every firearm circumstances. it if you can, and recognize that you’re going to lot of thought. should be treated as if it were loaded! Recently spend a lot of time with the pistol. Remember Ideally, shoot as many pistols as you can before an Anchorage fireman was shot and killed when 2. ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger also, that it may be called upon someday to you make a decision. Most gun ranges have a gun that was thought to have been unloaded until ready to shoot. defend your life. pistols you can rent to see how they feel. If you was accidently discharged by a friend. In July a have friends who own pistols, go shooting with Coast Guardsman accidently shot himself in the What to do if you are pulled over... them. Most will be happy to let you shoot their hand while unloading a handgun to clean it. The guns and share with you their experiences. bullet not only passed through his hand but it Michigan, just like Alaska, requires people start digging in their vehicle like the officer during each and every stop. that a resident who is interacting with they were digging for gold,” says Peters. Sixth, when do you tell him? The time a law enforcement officer to inform the Second, make eye contact with the to inform the officer is upon his greeting. officer they are carrying a concealed officer. Nothing says “I’m crazy” or “I have Do not say, “I have a gun.” Never utter weapon either upon their person or in something to hide” like the 1000-yard this phrase. Never utter any variation the vehicle. stare down the roadway. This behavior of this phrase. No good can come from J. Peters (first name not given), a law has led to several searches, arrests, that phrase when said to an officer. All enforcement officer for more than 10 and some altercations upon further we hear is “have a gun” and the rest is years in Michigan, recently wrote a small investigation. implied. The highway can be a noisy article for the United States Concealed Third, make eye contact and smile. place and we may not hear everything Carry Association’s weekly newsletter It will let the officer know that he can you said. which stated the following advice when communicate with you. Seventh, how do you tell him? Greet interacting with law enforcement during Fourth, If you have the gun lying on him and tell him you have a concealed a traffic stop. the seat next to you or in plain sight, weapon and the weapon is on your First, don’t dig around looking for plan on having that muzzle related talk person or in the car. The officer will likely your paperwork; the officer does not mentioned earlier. A visible weapon ask where the weapon is. Tell him. There want to put you at gunpoint. A traffic is an accessible weapon to a suspect. is no reason not to as long as you are stop is stressful for both parties. Avoid Concealed Carry means CONCEALED. abiding by local and state laws. Do not an altercation by staying put and Keep you weapon concealed unless reach for the weapon unless asked to do keeping your hands comfortably visible. directed otherwise by the officer. so. A driver should make both hands Fifth, Take it easy, no sudden Eighth, The officer will most likely tell visible, “a good place for the driver’s movements to see if he is paying you very specifically to stay put or give hands are on the wheel,” said Peters. attention. No furtive movements to joke further instructions based on training, “This may seem somewhat remedial, around. This may not be a potential lethal experience, and departmental guidelines but you would not believe how many force encounter to you. It potentially is to or operating procedures. 27 28 Alaska Bear Story by Petty Officer 3rd Class Charly Hengen, PADET Kodiak ng r di e uil ng B ro st a d b on Marriage can be tough. I’ve been married for 11 years now and my husband and I have had our fair share of the good and bad times. But through it all, we have managed to pull through those bad times and stay together while in the pursuit of creating good memories. 29 30 Alaska Bear my husband and i had the opportunity to the speaker states what he wants the other work on our marriage skills, which in turn person to know. The other person listens will create those good memories, at a two-day carefully and then reflects back what he or she marriage enrichment workshop held in Kodiak. heard so the speaker knows the listener has the Two naval chaplains from the Chaplains correct interpretation of what was said. Religious Enrichment Development Operation This technique, when used properly, will based out of Bremerton, Wash., hosted a marriage enable a couple to have a relationship that is enrichment workshop Sept. 14 and 15 in which balanced with honest and open communication. six Kodiak-based Coast Guard couples attended. Another technique the marriage enrichment These two days were filled with practical lessons seminar touched on was how to resolve conflict. and a guide to develop communication skills. There are different stages of conflict and those “We provided communication skills for are disagreement, argument, rejection and couples and created ways for couples to focus separation. Unresolved conflict does not go away on their marriage and on each other,” said and the PREP material suggests different ways to Chaplain Keith Brooks, CREDO representative. handle conflict between couples. “Communication skills are the tools we give but The different styles of handling conflict in the main focus is just building a bond between a relationship are by winning, withdrawal, the two couples.” yielding, compromise and agree to disagree. Some of the skills the enrichment workshop Some of these may be better than others. Brooks focused on were recognizing danger signs in recommends that compromise is the best option. your marriage, communicating effectively with By discussing openly the different points of each other and resolving conflict. views of each person in the relationship and “We use material called Prevention and brainstorming decisions, a couple can come Relationship Enhancement Program out of to an acceptable middle ground and avoid an the university of Denver,” said Brooks. “it’s escalation in conflict. based on the factor that there are signs within Not only did the two-day workshop discuss a marriage and if the couple can pinpoint those danger signs, communication skills and resolving danger signs, they can realize what the problem conflict, but it also touched upon how to keep is and be able to correct it. From there, the couple romance alive, have your partner as a friend and can move on and use the tools we provide to help to find fun in the relationship. out their marriage.” “I enjoyed the entire workshop as coming According to the material, some danger here was like preventative maintenance,” said signs in a marriage are when negative patterns a workshop attendee. “Just as you’d keep up develop. These negative patterns could include your vehicle, you need to work to keep up your one spouse withdrawing from another, one marriage. I think married couples and those who person subtly or directly putting down the other are just dating should attend a workshop like or even possibly when one partner consistently this. I’ll take the lessons learned and apply them believes that the motives of the other are more in my marriage.” negative than is really the case. By using these practical tools and listening In order to combat these danger signs and to to your spouse or partner in the relationship, a D17 Chaplain: hopefully not have them develop, here are some couple should be able to have an open and loving Lt. Cmdr. Eugene Wozniak tools the marriage workshop focused on for relationship. couples to utilize. The CREDO marriage enrichment workshop 907-463-2038 One such communication tool is the speaker- comes to Alaska once a year and the naval Kodiak Chaplains: listener technique. This technique forces chaplains try to alternate the workshop between the speaker and listener to follow a specific Kodiak and Anchorage. Lt. Carl Stamper & pattern of communication. Using this form of To find out more information regarding Lt. Don Monahan 907-487-5745 communication is almost as if you’re ordering enrichment programs and how to better your dinner at the drive-up window at a fast food relationship, stop by and visit your unit restaurant. chaplain. 31 28 Alaska Bear Sister Smiles JUNEAU, Alaska - Lt. Sarah Morin, Coast Guard Big Sister, smiles for a photo while whale watching with her little sister. Morin has been a community match with her little since December 2008. Coast Guard makes Big changes in Little livesStory by Petty Officer 3rd Class Jon-Paul Rios, D17 Photos courtesy of Big Brothers, Big Sisters of Alaska 33 34 Alaska Bear Juneau is comprised of approximately 30,000 • Amachi Program – Bigs spend time with a workweek for coast guardsmen who want people amongst whom 9,000 are children and Little who has an incarcerated parent. to be a Big. This only makes it easier for teens under the age of 19. Roughly 10,000 • Johnson Youth Center Program – Bigs guardsmen to find time that can be used to households in Juneau are single, divorced, spend time with males being treated at the unit. change a child’s life. separated or widowed. in Juneau, coast guardsmen make up 12 The difference between a civilian and a With demographics like these it leaves many percent of BBBS matches. in order to become a uniformed service member is in the name and children without the support that is garnished by match they go through a strenuous interviewing uniform. The children recognize the uniform a mother, father, role model and overall positive process ensuring they are capable of being a and are automatically drawn to it. adult figure. positive influence on their “Littles”. “I have kids that run up to me excited just Big Brothers Big Sisters of Alaska (BBBS) has “The interviewing process was long, however, I because they see me in my uniform,” said been working with the United States Coast Guard feel that it is beneficial to my match because they Lebrecht. “They love the uniform.” in accordance with the coast guard’s partnership ensured that i am the perfect person to provide It’s extremely important that Coast in Education program for years in trying to support for my Little,” said Petty Officer 1st Guardsmen continue their valued support of combat this by providing volunteer service to Class David Lebrecht, Coast Guard big brother the program because as with every year comes children in Juneau. match at Auke Bay Elementary School. transfer season, which means that a Little may The Partnership in Education Program was By simply providing a minimum of one be losing their Big. established in 1991 with the purpose to promote hour a week the life of a child can change “it’s important that we in the coast guard excellence in education for the nation’s youth dramatically. continue to volunteer to ensure that these kids through direct Coast Guard participation in Studies have proven that a child with a “Big” will always have someone to look up to,” said education related programs. is 46 percent less likely to begin using illegal Lebrecht. “One hour a week is not hard at all BBBS has many different programs that help drugs, 52 percent less likely to skip school and and I have so much fun with my little I would mentor children and guide them down a positive 33 percent less likely to hit someone. Over recommend it to anyone.” path from as early as elementary until they half improve their school performance and coast guard members embrace their core graduate high school. nearly two-thirds show higher levels of self- values and strive to better their communities BBBS has the following programs: confidence. and those around them. in Juneau you don’t • Community Program – Bigs spend time “Being a Big is simple,” said Katy Jordan, have to go far. with their Littles two to four times a month for recruiter for Big Brothers Big Sisters. “All you Big Brothers Big Sisters is currently looking a couple of hours each visit doing activities both need to do is be a friend, mentor and overall for 20 men to step up to the plate and be a Big enjoy. person that the child can talk to.” to 20 boys who are unmatched. consider the • School Program – Bigs meet with their Currently in Juneau there are 23 children still honor and respect you will feel and receive by Littles for an hour a week during the school year waiting to be matched, 20 of which are boys. simply devoting an hour a week to a child that at the Littles elementary or middle school. The Coast Guard allows one hour during the is in need of a friend. New Brother JUNEAU, Alaska - Petty Officer 1st Class David Lebrecht, newly matched Big Brother, poses for a picture with his Little Brother Dyllan. Lebrecht is a Big at Auke Bay Elementary School. Support Line JUNEAU, Alaska - Lt. Sarah Morin, Coast Guard Big Sister, and Little Sister Taya, have fun on the SAGA Ropes Course. Morin has been a community match with her little since December 2008. 35 36 Alaska Bear Capturing History Coast Guard Photography Story by Petty Officer 1st Class David Mosley, PADET Anchorage “Photographers deal in things which are is used to memorialize our lives and yet we continually vanishing and when they have do not think of it at the time that we press vanished there is no contrivance on earth that shutter button. We do not realize the which can make them come back again,” importance of the images until the subject of said Henri Cartier-Bresson, the late French the image passes on and then we are left with Photo Moment photographer considered to be the father of nothing but the memories. PELICAN, Alaska - The Coast Guard Cutter Liberty is moored while modern photojournalism. Photography helps us relive and keep us in the crew hands out gifts in Pelican, Alaska, during the Annual it has been said that a moment, a mission, touch with the past. Blanket, Coat and Toy Drive Dec. 19, 2009. The crew of the Coast Guard Cutter Liberty gets underway for a week every year a rescue did not happen in the minds of the Capturing images of Coast Guard activities delivering donated items from the Juneau community to remote public if there is not a photo to prove that it is essential so our customers can see what the communities in Southeast Alaska. Coast Guard photo by Petty happened. Coast Guard does. Imagery captured by Coast Officer 3rd Class Jon-Paul Rios Photography is a very important tool that Guard personnel is used to generate interest in 37 38 Alaska Bear and support for coast guard operations. Operations permitting, units should visually document all significant activities. Image gathering should be integrated into normal operating procedures. Capturing a few still photos should not affect on-going operations. The Coast Guard public affairs manual (comDtinSt m5728.2D) states that commands must have adequate video and still cameras to document their operations. While the manual does give recommendations for what type of camera to get, there are many types and styles to choose from. Basically there are two types of cameras; the “point and shoot” and the single lens reflex. point and shoot cameras mean just that, point the camera at something and trip the shutter. The camera does all the work for you. These cameras started out as a fixed lens that focused about four feet in front of the camera with a fixed aperture and shutter speed. It was basically a box with a shutter. Then the lab that developed the film did what it could to fix the exposure. Today’s point and shoot cameras are much more sophisticated. While there are still some point and shoot film cameras, such as the disposable or one time use cameras, most point and shoot today are digital. The biggest drawback to point and shoot cameras is that many do not have a through the lens viewfinder. This means that what you see through your viewfinder may not be what you capture on film or digital media. Single lens reflex and digital single lens reflex Framing the Photo refer to how the light enters the camera. These VALDEZ, Alaska - The rule of thirds is used to help compose a photo are the cameras you see many professionals of Coast Guard Vice Adm. Sally Brice-O’Hara, Coast Guard vice commandant and Alice Hill, senior counselor to the secretary of and serious amateurs lugging around. These Homeland Security, tour the port of Valdez aboard a Coast Guard Station cameras have a larger body than most point Valdez response boat small Sept. 3, 2010. Brice-O’Hara and Hill visited Valdez as part of a Department of Homeland Security familiarization and shoot cameras and interchangeable lenses. visit to Alaska. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 1st Class David While SLRs started out as fully manual, where Mosley the photographer had to control all features including focus, most of these cameras are capable of acting in a fully automatic mode just a photo, a photographer should always read the the late Edward Weston, who has been called one can get there with some practice and some like a point and shoot. Many now allow the manual,” said Chief Petty Officer Tom Sperduto, of the most innovative and influential American patience. photographer the freedom to also take control public affairs specialist and photographer of photographers. 1. Understand composition: Before you even of all functions or any combination of functions. more than 10 years. “While this may sound So what is composition and what does it mean take the photo, understand that photography These cameras allow for greater control over the simple, the manual is full of information on how when it comes to photography? is a work of art. A photographer must consider photography process and allow the photographer to use your camera to its potential.” anyone can press a button and snap a picture, the background, objects in the foreground and to take images not always possible with a point “Now, to consult the rules of composition but it takes thought when composing a stunning anything else before hitting the shutter button. and shoot. before making a picture is a little like consulting photo. While some people say it takes a real Your picture has the ability to tell a story and “No matter what camera you use, before taking the law of gravity before going for a walk,” stated “eye” to capture a beautiful image, really anyone to capture a moment in time. Don’t forget the 39 40 Alaska Bear power that one photo can have. simple snapshot into a dramatic newsworthy eye 2. Follow the lines: In Renaissance art, one of catching moment. the biggest innovations was perspective. Subtle Practice and training are essential in all aspects lines in the painting draw the viewer into the of what the Coast Guard does. Training to gather subject naturally. The same rule can hold true photography should be looked at as a joy in for photographs today. Pay attention to the lines which a unit can take the time to document what around you, they create a natural focal point they do on a daily basis to stay ready to serve the and it is often easier to compose photos when community. using these lines. This works well especially for once a photo has been captured, share it. landscape photography. Media, especially television, thrive on good 3. Framing: This concerns outdoor photos images that help tell the story. A strong action primarily but it can be done indoors as well. photo could move your news story to the top of When you are outdoors, look for a bridge, or a the program or onto page one. tree branch or even use the horizon as a way of All photography taken by Coast Guard men naturally framing your image. It creates a focal and women aboard cutters, boats, aircraft point for the viewer, but it also fills up extra and stations is subject to command policy. space that can be All photographs distracting or boring. including those 4. Avoid centering: taken with personal the most common cameras and taken way people take aboard coast guard photos is by pointing units are subject their camera straight to screening and at their subject. a approval of the photographer should commanding officer try off-centering their prior to release for subjects as much as commercial or public possible, still framing use. it in a nice manner, as a team coast but not just shooting guard member – something for the sake of taking a picture. whether active duty, reserve, Auxiliary or civilian 5. Rule of Thirds: One way of avoiding employee – you may have access to news events centering is adhering to the “rule of thirds.” This that the media and other members of the public Leading Lines is a traditional photography rule that an image is cannot see. All such photography is considered KODIAK, Alaska - Leading lines draw the eye into the divided equally into thirds for the photographer official and may not be sold, or used for subject of the photo as an HC-130 Hercules stands to imagine when looking at a subject through the marketing, under any circumstances for private ready on the flight line at Air Station Kodiak for a logistics mission to St. Paul Island Aug. 24, 2010. During viewfinder. In practicing this rule, the subject gain. the mission the crew of the Hercules will serve as a is usually off-centered. While it might sound While each command is authorized to release communications platform and keep a sharp eye out in boring since its “traditional,” there is a reason it imagery of their operations to the public, there the vicinity of King Slamon where the Coast Guard is assisting in the search for four missing people including has stood the test of time: it works. It gives the are public affairs offices and detachments that three Alaska State Park rangers. U.S. Coast Guard photo photo a little more thought and makes the subject are available to assist in the release of your unit’s by Petty Officer 1st Class Sara Francis. less awkward. imagery. These offices are available to support “Turn off the flash and let the camera do all your unit’s mission goals by providing technical Your Choice of the work,” said Sperduto. “Just focus on the expertise or by physically covering operations at KODIAK, Alaska - While the Coast Guard public affairs action, focus on the photo, fill your frame and your unit. manual does give recommendations for what type control the background.” Photography gives the Coast Guard the means of camera to get, there are many types and styles to choose from. Basically there are two types of cameras; While an ongoing case may not give you the with which to share its missions with the rest of the “point and shoot” and the single lens reflex. U.S. luxury of taking the time to stop and focus on the world. So pick up a camera and photograph Coast Guard photo by Petty Officer 1st Class David Mosley. every aspect of photography, knowing some everything you see… for you are recording Coast of the basic rules of composition can elevate a guard history. 41 42 Health Shot WALES, Alaska - Petty Officer 2nd Class Tylor Laflan, a health services technician and resident of Ogallala, Neb., prepares a rabies shot in preparation to assist veterinarians from the United States Public Health Service who examined 21 dogs and one cat Friday, August 6, 2010. Two veterinarians walked from house to house in the village of 145 people to help examine and vaccinate pets. Coast Guard photo taken by Petty Officer 3rd Class Walter Shinn.