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					                                                                                                                              Inquiry
                                             Third Grade                                       Fourth Grade                                          Fifth Grade                                    Sixth Grade
                                                                                                                                       1. Develop and demonstrate an
                               1. Apply concepts involved in a scientific         1. Explain and use skills necessary to                                                              1. Conduct a scientific investigation utilizing
                                                                                                                                       understanding of scientific inquiry using
                               investigation.                                     conduct scientific inquiry.                                                                         appropriate process skills.
                                                                                                                                       process skills.
     Observations Hypothesis



                                                                                                                               a.   Form a hypothesis, predict outcomes, and          a.   Design and conduct an investigation that
                               a.    Identify questions and predict outcomes
                                                                                  a.   Form hypotheses and predict outcomes of conduct a fair investigation that includes             includes predicting outcomes, using
                               that can be examined through scientific
                                                                                  problems to be investigated. (DOK 3)         manipulating variables and using experimental          experimental controls, and making inferences.
                               investigations. (DOK 3)
                                                                                                                               controls. (DOK 3)                                      (DOK 3)



                                                                                     b. Use the senses and simple tools to gather
                               b.    Describe familiar objects and events using                                                                                                       b.   Distinguish between qualitative and
                                                                                     qualitative information about objects or events   b.    Distinguish between observations and
                               the senses to collect qualitative (e.g., color, size,                                                                                                  quantitative observations and make inferences
                                                                                     (size, shape, color, texture, sound, position,    inferences. (DOK 2)
                               shape) information. (DOK 1)                                                                                                                            based on observations. (DOK 3)
                                                                                     change). (DOK 1)




                                                                                                                                                                                    c.    Use simple tools and resources to gather
                                                                                                                                                                                    and compare information (using standard,
                                                                                                                                    c.    Use precise measurement in conjunction metric, and non-standard units of
                                                                                c.    Demonstrate the accurate use of simple
                               c. Select and use simple tools (e.g., rulers,                                                        with simple tools and technology to perform     measurement). (DOK 1)
                                                                                tools to gather and compare information (DOK
     Data Collection




                               thermometers) to gather information. (DOK 1)                                                         tests and collect data. (DOK 1)                   · Tools (e.g., English rulers [to the nearest one-
                                                                                1)
                                · Length, to the nearest half of an inch, foot,                                                       · Tools (English rulers [to the nearest one-  sixteenth of an inch], metric rulers [to the
                                                                                  · Tools (English rulers [to the nearest eighth of
                               yard, centimeter, and meter                                                                          sixteenth of an inch], metric rulers [to the    nearest millimeter], thermometers, scales, hand
                                                                                an inch], metric rulers [to the nearest
                                · Capacity and weight/mass, in English and                                                          nearest millimeter], thermometers, scales, hand lenses, microscopes, balances, clocks,
                                                                                centimeter], thermometers, spring scales, hand
                               metric systems                                                                                       lenses, microscopes, balances, clocks,          calculators, anemometers, rain gauges,
                                                                                lenses, balances, microscopes, calculators,
                                · Time, to the nearest minute                                                                       calculators, anemometers, rain gauges,          barometers, hygrometers, telescopes,
                                                                                clocks, anemometers, rain gauges)
                                · Temperature, to the nearest degreers, scales,                                                     barometers, hygrometers)                        compasses, spring scales)
                                                                                  · Types of data (height, mass/weight,
                               hand lenses, microscopes, calculators, balances,                                                       · Types of data (height, mass, volume,          · Types of data (e.g., linear measures, mass,
                                                                                temperature, length, distance, volume, area,
                               clocks)                                                                                              temperature, length, time, distance, volume,    volume, temperature, time, area, perimeter)
                                                                                perimeter)
                                                                                                                                    perimeter, area)                                  · Resources (e.g., Internet, electronic
                                                                                                                                                                                    encyclopedias, journals, community resources,
                                                                                                                                                                                    etc.)
Interpret Organize
           Results




                                                                                  d. Use simple sketches, diagrams, tables,            d. Organize and interpret data in tables and   d. Analyze data collected from a scientific
                               d. Draw conclusions and communicate the
                                                                                  charts, and writing to draw conclusions and          graphs to construct explanations and draw      investigation to construct explanations and
                               results of an investigation. (DOK 2)
                                                                                  communicate data results. (DOK 2)                    conclusions. (DOK 2)                           draw conclusions. (DOK 3)


                                                                                                                                                                                      e. Communicate scientific procedures and
                                                                                  e. Interpret and describe patterns of data using e. Use drawings, tables, graphs, and written
  Data




                               e. Communicate data by creating diagrams,                                                                                                              conclusions using diagrams, charts, tables,
                                                                                  drawings, diagrams, charts, tables, graphs, and and oral language to describe objects and
                               charts, tables, and graphs. (DOK 2)                                                                                                                    graphs, maps, written explanations, and/or
                                                                                  maps. (DOK 2)                                    explain ideas and actions. (DOK 2)
                                                                                                                                                                                      scientific models. (DOK 2)
                                                                                                                    Inquiry
                                        Third Grade                                   Fourth Grade                                         Fifth Grade                                     Sixth Grade
                                                                                                                             1. Develop and demonstrate an
                           1. Apply concepts involved in a scientific     1. Explain and use skills necessary to                                                              1. Conduct a scientific investigation utilizing
                                                                                                                             understanding of scientific inquiry using
                           investigation.                                 conduct scientific inquiry.                                                                         appropriate process skills.
                                                                                                                             process skills.
Evaluate
 Results


                                                                          f. Explain why scientists and engineers often
                           f. Ask questions and seek answers to explain                                                                                                    f. Evaluate the results or solutions to problems
                                                                          work in teams with different individuals doing     f. Make and compare different proposals
                           why different results sometimes occur in                                                                                                        by considering how well a product or design
                                                                          different things that contribute to the results.   when designing a solution or product. (DOK 2)
                           repeated investigations. (DOK 2)                                                                                                                met the challenge to solve a problem. (DOK 3)
                                                                          (DOK 2)
Explanations Conclusions




                                                                          g. Draw conclusions about important steps
               Draw




                                                                                                                                                                              g. Infer explanations for why scientists might
                                                                          (e.g., making observations, asking questions,      g. Evaluate results of different data (whether
                                                                                                                                                                              draw different conclusions from a given set of
                                                                          trying to solve a problem, etc.) that led to       trivial or significant). (DOK 2)
                                                                                                                                                                              data. (DOK 2)
                                                                          inventions and discoveries. (DOK 3)
 Alternate




                                                                                                                             h. Infer and describe alternate explanations     h. Recognize and analyze alternative
                                                                                                                             and predictions. (DOK 3)                         explanations and predictions. (DOK 2)
                                                                                                                    Physical Science
                                       Third Grade                                           Fourth Grade                                                  Fifth Grade                                              Sixth Grade
                                                                              2. Use the properties of objects and                         2. Understand relationships of the
                        2 Explain concepts related to objects and                                                                                                                        2. Analyze chemical and physical changes
                                                                              materials, position and motion of objects,                   properties of objects and materials, position
                        materials, position and motion of objects,                                                                                                                       and interactions involving energy and forces
                                                                              and transfer of energy to develop an                         and motion of objects, and transfer of energy
                        and properties of magnetism.                                                                                                                                     that affect motion of objects.
                                                                              understanding of physical science concepts.                  to explain the physical world.

                        a. Investigate to conclude that the weight of an
                        object is always the sum of its parts, regardless
      Atoms




                                                                          a. Recognize that materials may be composed                                                                              a. Recognize that atoms of a given element are
                        of how it is assembled, (e.g., Lego                                                                                a. Determine how the properties of an object
                                                                          of parts that are too small to be seen without                                                                           all alike but atoms of other elements have
                        creation/separate blocks, bucket/cups of sand,                                                                     affect how it acts and interacts. (DOK 2)
                                                                          magnification. (DOK 1)                                                                                                   different atomic structures. (DOK 1)
                        roll/stacks of pennies, bag/individual potatoes,
                        etc.) (DOK 2)
Physical and Chemical




                                                                                                                                                                                                   b. Distinguish physical properties of matter
                                                                                                                                                                                                   (e.g., melting points, boiling points, solubility)
      Properties




                                                                                                                                                                                                   as it relates to changes in states. (DOK 2)
                                                                              b. Distinguish between physical and chemical                 b. Differentiate between elements, compounds,            · Between solids, liquids, and gases through models
                        b. Explore and identify physical changes of
                                                                              changes and between objects composed of a                    and mixtures and between chemical and                   that relate matter to particles in motion
                        matter, including melting, freezing, boiling,
                                                                              single substance from those composed of more                 physical changes (e.g., gas evolves, color,              · Solubility in water of various solids to activities (e.g.,
                        evaporation, and condensation, (DOK 2)
                                                                              than one substance. (DOK 2)                                  and/or temperature changes). (DOK 2)                    heating, stirring, shaking, crushing) on the rate of
                                                                                                                                                                                                   solution
                                                                                                                                                                                                    · Use of solubility differences to identify components
                                                                                                                                                                                                   of a mixture (e.g., chromatography)


                                                                                                                               c. Investigate the motion of an object in terms
                                                                                                                               of its position, direction of motion, and speed.
                                                                              c. Determine the causes and effects of forces on (DOK 2)
                                                                              motion. (DOK 2)                                   · The relative positions and movements of objects
                        c. Investigate and describe forces affecting
      Motion




                                                                               · Force exerted over a distance causes work to be           using points of reference (distance vs. time of moving c. Investigate and describe the effects of forces
                        motion in simple machines (lever, wheel and           done and that the result (work) is the product of force      objects)                                                 acting on objects. (DOK 2)
                        axle, block and tackle, inclined plane, screw.)       and distance                                                   · Force required to move an object using appropriate    · Gravity, friction, magnetism, drag, lift, and thrust
                        (DOK 2)                                                · Friction on moving objects and actions that increase      devices (e.g., spring scale)                              · Forces affecting the motion of objects
                                                                              or decrease friction                                           · Variables that affect speed (e.g., ramp
                                                                               · Momentum and inertia                                      height/length/surface, mass of object)
                                                                                                                                             · Effects of an unbalanced force on an object’s motion
                                                                                                                                           in terms of speed and direction

                                                                                                                                                                                                   d. Investigate the mechanical and chemical
                                                                             d. Explain how energy flowing through an
      Forms of Energy




                                                                                                                                                                                                   forms of energy and demonstrate the
                                                                             electrical circuit can be converted from
                        d. Differentiate between potential and kinetic                                                                                                                             transformations from one form to another.
                                                                             electrical energy to light, sound, or heat energy. d. Categorize examples of potential energy as
                        energy and recognize their conversions. (DOK                                                                                                                               (DOK 2)
                                                                             (DOK1)                                                     gravitational (e.g., boulder on a hill, child on a
                        2)                                                                                                                                                                          · Energy transformations represented in the use of
                                                                              · Parts of an electric circuit and resulting actions when slide), elastic (e.g., compressed spring,
                         · Potential to kinetic (e.g., winding a clock/clock                                                                                                                       common household objects
                                                                             circuits are opened or closed
                        begins ticking)                                                                                                 slingshot, rubber band), or chemical (e.g., unlit           · Mechanical energy transformed to another form of
                                                                              · Construction and uses of electromagnets
                         · Kinetic to potential (e.g., roller coaster moving                                                            match, food). (DOK 2)                                      energy (e.g., vibrations, heat through friction)
                                                                                · Energy transferred through an electrical circuit to a
                        downward/upward to the top of the hill)                                                                                                                                     · Chemical energy transformed to another form of
                                                                              bulb or bell to its surroundings as light, sound, and heat
                                                                                                                                                                                                   energy (e.g., light wands, lightning bugs, batteries,
                                                                              (thermal) energy
                                                                                                                                                                                                   bulbs)
                                                                                                         Physical Science
                                 Third Grade                                         Fourth Grade                                             Fifth Grade                                               Sixth Grade
                                                                        2. Use the properties of objects and                 2. Understand relationships of the
                   2 Explain concepts related to objects and                                                                                                               2. Analyze chemical and physical changes
                                                                        materials, position and motion of objects,           properties of objects and materials, position
                   materials, position and motion of objects,                                                                                                              and interactions involving energy and forces
                                                                        and transfer of energy to develop an                 and motion of objects, and transfer of energy
                   and properties of magnetism.                                                                                                                            that affect motion of objects.
                                                                        understanding of physical science concepts.          to explain the physical world.

                                                                                                                           e. Differentiate between the properties of light
                                                                                                                                                                                       e. Apply the laws of reflection and refraction
                   e. Explain how light waves travel (e.g., in a                                                           as reflection, refraction, and absorption. (DOK
                                                                                                                                                                                       to explain everyday phenomena. (DOK 2)
                                                                                                                           1)
Light




                   straight line until they strike an object, through e. Describe how light behaves (travels in a                                                                       · Properties of reflection, refraction, transmission, and
                   transparent and translucent objects, from          straight line, is absorbed, reflected, refracted, or · Image reflected by a plane mirror and a curved-           absorption of light
                                                                                                                           surfaced mirror
                   reflecting and refracting surfaces, at the surface appears transparent or translucent). (DOK 1)                                                                      · Images formed by plane, convex, and concave lenses
                                                                                                                            · Light passing through air or water
                   of opaque objects). (DOK 1)                                                                                                                                         and mirrors, and reflecting and refracting telescopes
                                                                                                                            · Optical tools such as prisms, lenses, mirrors, and
                                                                                                                                                                                        · Objects that are opaque, transparent, or translucent
                                                                                                                             eyeglasses


                                                                                                                                                                              f. Develop a logical argument to explain how
                                                                                                                                                                              the forces which affect the motion of objects
                                                                                                                                                                              has real-world applications including (but not
Sound and Motion




                                                                                                                                                                              limited to) examples of Mississippi’s
                                                                                                                             f. Describe physical properties of matter (e.g., contributions as follows: (DOK 3)
                   f. Differentiate the movement of vibrations in                                                            mass, density, boiling point, freezing point)      · Automotive industry (Nissan’s new production plant
                   waves (e.g., sound and seismic waves), and cite f. Investigate and draw conclusions about the             including mixtures and solutions. (DOK 1)        is located in Canton, MS. Toyota’s new facility is in
                   examples to explain that vibrations move         relationship between the rate of vibrating                 · Filtration, sifting, magnetism, evaporation, and      Tupelo, MS.)
                   through different materials at different speeds. objects and the pitch of the sound. (DOK 3)              flotation                                                  · Aerospace industry (The Raspet Flight Research
                   (DOK 1)                                                                                                     · Effects of temperature changes on the solubility of   Laboratory, housed at Mississippi State University, is
                                                                                                                             substances                                                one of the premier university flight research facilities in
                                                                                                                                                                                       the country.)
                                                                                                                                                                                        · Shipbuilding industry (Ingall’s Shipbuilding, of
                                                                                                                                                                                       Pascagoula, MS, is a leading supplier of marine vessels
                                                                                                                                                                                       to the United States Navy.)


                                                                                                                                                                                       g. Predict and explain factors that affect the
Flow of Heat




                                                                                                                                                                                       flow of heat in solids, liquids, and gases. (DOK
                   g. Cite evidence to explain why heating or           g. Describe how heat flows from a warm object        g. Categorize materials as conductors or                  3)
                   cooling may change the properties of materials       to a cold one and categorizeexamples of              insulators and discuss their real life applications · Insulating factors in real life applications (e.g.,
                   (e.g., boiling an egg, evaporating water, chilling   materials that may or may not be used as             (e.g., building construction, clothing, animal      building, construction, clothing, animal covering)
                   gelatin, making ice cream, etc.) (DOK 2)             insulators. (DOK 2)                                  covering). (DOK 2)                                   · Conduction, convection, or radiation factors used to
                                                                                                                                                                                       enhance the flow of heat
                                                                                                                                                                                        · Temperature differences on the movement of water
                                                                                                                Life Science
                                Third Grade                                        Fourth Grade                                        Fifth Grade                                           Sixth Grade
                                                                                                                                                                             3. Explain the organization of living things,
                                                                                                                                                                             the flow of matter and energy through
                                                                                                                         3. Predict characteristics, structures, life
                   3. Describe the characteristics, structures,     3. Analyze the characteristics, structures,                                                              ecosystems, the diversity and interactions
                                                                                                                         cycles, environments, evolution, and
                   life cycles, and environments of organisms.      life cycles, and environments of organisms.                                                              among populations, and the natural and
                                                                                                                         diversity of organisms.
                                                                                                                                                                             human-made pressures that impact the
                                                                                                                                                                             environment.


                                                                    a. Describe the cause and effect relationships       a. Compare and contrast the diversity of
                                                                                                                                                                             a. Describe and predict interactions (among
                                                                    that explain the diversity and evolution of          organisms due to adaptations to show how
                                                                                                                                                                             and within populations) and the effects of these
                                                                    organisms over time. (DOK 2)                         organisms have evolved as a result of
                                                                                                                                                                             interactions on population growth to include the
    Populations




                   a. Research and explain diverse life forms         · Observable traits due to inherited or            environmental changes. (DOK 2)
                                                                                                                                                                             effects on available resources. (DOK 2)
                   (including vertebrates and invertebrates) that   environmental adaptations                              · Diversity based on kingdoms, phyla, and
                                                                                                                                                                              · How cooperation, competition and predation
                   live in different environments and the structures · Variations in environment (over time and          classes (e.g., internal/external structure, body
                                                                                                                                                                             affect population growth
                   that serve different functions in their survival from place to place)                                 temperature, size, shape)
                                                                                                                                                                              · Effects of overpopulation within an
                   (e.g., methods of movement, defense,               · Variations in species as exemplified by            · Adaptations that increase an organism’s
                                                                                                                                                                             ecosystem on the amount of resources available
                   camouflage). (DOK 2)                             fossils                                              chances to survive and reproduce in a particular
                                                                                                                                                                              · How natural selection acts on a population of
                                                                      · Extinction of a species due to insufficient      habitat (e.g., cacti needles/leaves, fur/scales)
                                                                                                                                                                             organisms in a particular environment via
                                                                    adaptive capability in the face of environmental       · Evidence of fossils as indicators of how life
                                                                                                                                                                             enhanced reproductive success
                                                                    changes                                              and environmental conditions have changed
Organs and Organ




                                                                                                                     b. Research and classify the organization of            b. Compare and contrast structure and
                                                                                                                     living things. (DOK 2)                                  function in living things to include cells and
                                                                                                                       · Differences between plant and animal cells          whole organisms. (DOK 2)
    Systems




                   b. Identify and describe the purpose of the      b. Classify the organs and functions of the        · Function of the major parts of body systems           · Hierarchy of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
                   digestive, nervous, skeletal, and muscular       nervous, circulatory, and respiratory systems of (nervous, circulatory, respiratory, digestive,          to their functions in an organism
                                                                                                                                                                               · Function of plant and animal cell parts (vacuoles,
                   systems of the body. (DOK 1)                     the body. (DOK 1)                                skeletal, muscular) and the ways they support
                                                                                                                                                                             nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, cell wall,
                                                                                                                     one another                                             chloroplast)
                                                                                                                       · Examples of organisms as single-celled or             · Vascular and nonvascular plants, flowering and non-
                                                                                                                     multi-celled                                            flowering plants, deciduous and coniferous trees


                                                                                                                                                                             c. Distinguish between the organization and
                                                                  c. Compare characteristics of organisms,
                                                                                                                                                                             development of humans to include the effects of
Evolution of




                                                                  including growth and development,
Organisms




                                                                                                                                                                             disease. (DOK 2)
                   c. Investigate the relationships between the   reproduction, acquisition and use of energy, and c. Research and cite evidence of the work of
                                                                                                                                                                              · How systems work together (e.g., respiratory,
                   basic needs of different organisms and discern response to the environment. (DOK 2)                scientists (e.g., Pasteur, Fleming, Salk) as it        circulatory)
                   how adaptations enable an organism to survive · Life cycles of various animals to include complete contributed to the discovery and prevention of          · Fertilization, early cell division, implantation,
                                                                  and incomplete metamorphosis
                   in a particular environment. (DOK 2)                                                               disease. (DOK 3)                                       embryonic and fetal development, infancy, childhood,
                                                                     · Plant or animal structures that serve different
                                                                                                                                                                             adolescence, adulthood, and old age
                                                                    functions in growth, adaptation, and survival
                                                                                                                                                                              · Common diseases caused by microorganisms (e.g.,
                                                                     · Photosynthesis
                                                                                                                                                                             bacteria, viruses, malarial parasites)
                                                                                                       Life Science
                             Third Grade                                      Fourth Grade                                         Fifth Grade                                           Sixth Grade
                                                                                                                                                                         3. Explain the organization of living things,
                                                                                                                                                                         the flow of matter and energy through
                                                                                                                    3. Predict characteristics, structures, life
               3. Describe the characteristics, structures,      3. Analyze the characteristics, structures,                                                             ecosystems, the diversity and interactions
                                                                                                                    cycles, environments, evolution, and
               life cycles, and environments of organisms.       life cycles, and environments of organisms.                                                             among populations, and the natural and
                                                                                                                    diversity of organisms.
                                                                                                                                                                         human-made pressures that impact the
                                                                                                                                                                         environment.


                                                                                                                    d. Distinguish between asexual and sexual            d. Describe and summarize how an egg and
                                                                                                                                                                         sperm unite in the reproduction of angiosperms
Reproduction




                                                                                                                    reproduction. (DOK 1)
                                                                  d. Distinguish the parts of plants as they relate
                                                                                                                      · Asexual reproduction processes in plants and     and gymnosperms. (DOK 1)
               d. Illustrate how the adult animal will look,      to sexual reproduction and explain the effects of                                                       · The path of the sperm cells to the egg cell in the
                                                                                                                    fungi (e.g., vegetative propagation in stems,
               when given pictures of young animals (e.g.,        various actions on the pollination process (e.g.,                                                      ovary of a flower
                                                                                                                    roots, and leaves of plants, budding in yeasts,
               birds, fish, cats, frogs, caterpillars, etc.) (DOK wind, water, insects, adaptations of flowering                                                          · The structures and functions of parts of a seed in the
                                                                                                                    fruiting bodies in fungi)
               2)                                                 plants, negative impacts of pesticides). (DOK                                                          formation of a plant and of fruits
                                                                                                                      · Asexual cell division (mushroom spores            · How the combination of sex cells results in a new
                                                                  2)
                                                                                                                    produced/dispersed)                                  combination of genetic information different from either
                                                                                                                      · Sexual reproduction (e.g., eggs, seeds, fruit)   parent



                                                                                                                                                                   e. Construct a diagram of the path of solar
Energy Flow




               e. Recall that organisms can survive only when                                                                                                      energy through food webs that include humans
               in environments (deserts, tundras, forests,                                                          e. Give examples of how consumers and          and explain how the organisms relate to each
               grasslands, taigas, wetlands) in which their    e. Analyze food webs to interpret how energy         producers (carnivores, herbivores, omnivores, other. (DOK 2)
               needs are met and interpret the interdependency flows from the sun. (DOK 2)                          and decomposers) are related in food chains and · Autotrophs and heterotrophs, producers,
               of plants and animals within a food chain,                                                           food webs. (DOK 1)                             consumers and decomposers
               including producer, consum                                                                                                                           · Predator/prey relationships, competition,
                                                                                                                                                                   symbiosis, parasitism, commensalism

                                                                f. Describe the structural and functional
               f. Recognize that cells vary greatly in size,    relationships among the cells of an organism.
Cells




               structure, and function, and that some cells and (DOK 2)
               tiny organisms can be seen only with a             · Benefit from cooperating
               microscope. (DOK 1)                                · Vary greatly in appearance
                                                                  · Perform very different roles
                                                                                            Earth and Space Science
                              Third Grade                                        Fourth Grade                                        Fifth Grade                                        Sixth Grade
                 4 Develop an understanding of the                   4. Develop an understanding of the               4. Develop an understanding of the                  4. Establish connections among Earth’s
                 properties of Earth materials, objects in the       properties of Earth materials, objects in the    properties of Earth materials, objects in the       layers including the lithosphere,
                 sky, and changes in Earth and sky.                  sky, and changes in Earth and sky.               sky, and changes in Earth and sky.                  hydrosphere, and atmosphere.
Rocks and




                                                                                                                      a.    Categorize Earth’s materials. (DOK 1)
                                                                                                                                                                          a. Compare and contrast the relative positions
                 a. Recall that soil is made up of various                                                             · Rocks, minerals, soils, water, and
                                                                                                                                                                          and components of the Earth’s crust (e.g.,
  Soil




                                                                     a. Classify sedimentary, metamorphic, and
                 materials (weathered rock, minerals, plant and                                                       atmospheric gases
                                                                     igneous rocks. (DOK 2)                                                                               mantle, liquid and solid core, continental crust,
                 animal remains, living organisms.) (DOK 1)                                                            · Layers of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and
                                                                                                                                                                          oceanic crust). (DOK 1)
                                                                                                                      lithosphere

                                                                  b. Compare and contrast Earth’s geological
Shaping of the




                                                                  features and the changes caused by external
                 b. Compare and contrast changes in the Earth’s                                                                                                           b. Draw conclusions about historical processes
                                                                  forces. (DOK 2)                                     b. Explain how surface features caused by
                 surface that are due to slow processes (erosion,                                                                                                         that contribute to the shaping of planet Earth.
   Earth




                                                                   · Bodies of water, beaches, ocean ridges,          constructive processes (e.g., depositions,
                 weathering, mountain building) and rapid                                                                                                                 (DOK 3)
                                                                  continental shelves, plateaus, faults, canyons,     volcanic eruptions, earthquakes) differ from
                 processes (landslides, volcanic eruptions,                                                                                                                · Movements of the continents through time
                                                                  sand dunes, and ice caps                            destructive processes (e.g., erosion, weathering,
                 earthquakes, floods, asteroid collisions). (DOK                                                                                                           · Continental plates, subduction zones,
                                                                   · External forces including heat, wind, and        impact of organisms). (DOK 2)
                 2)                                                                                                                                                       trenches, etc.
                                                                  water
                                                                   · Movement of continental plates


                 c. Gather and display local weather information
                 such as temperature, precipitation, clouds, etc.,
                                                                     c. Investigate, record, analyze and predict
                 on graphs and use graphs of weather patterns to                                                      c. Summarize how weather changes. (DOK 2)
    Weather




                                                                     weather by observing, measuring with simple
                 predict weather conditions. (DOK 3)                                                                   · Weather changes from day to day and over
                                                                     weather instruments, and recording weather                                                   c. Analyze climate data to draw conclusions
                  · Instruments (wind vane, rain gauge,                                                               the seasons
                                                                     data (e.g., temperature, precipitation, sky                                                  and make predictions. (DOK 2)
                 thermometers, anemometers, and barometers)                                                            · Tools by which weather is observed,
                                                                     conditions, weather events), and using past
                  · Cloud types (cirrus, stratus, cumulus)                                                            recorded, and predicted
                                                                     patterns to predict future pattern
                  · Water cycle (evaporation, precipitation,
                 condensation)


                                                                                                                                                                          g. Research and cite evidence of current
                                                                                                                                                                          resources in Earth’s systems. (DOK 3)
                 g. Explain how fossil records are used to learn
                                                                                                                                                                           · Resources such as fuels, metals, fresh water,
                 about the past, identify characteristics of                                                          g. Conclude that the supply of many Earth
                                                                     g. Summarize the process that results in                                                             wetlands, and farmlands
    Fossils




                 selected fossils, and describe why they may be                                                       resources (e.g., fuels, metals, fresh water,
                                                                     deposits of fossil fuels and conclude why fossil                                                      · Methods being used to extend the use of
                 found in many places. (DOK 2)                                                                        farmland) is limited and critique a plan to
                                                                     fuels are classified as nonrenewable resources.                                                      Earth’s resources through recycling, reuse, and
                  · The Earth Science Museum at the Petrified                                                         extend the use of Earth’s resources (e.g.,
                                                                     (DOK 2)                                                                                              renewal
                 Forest in Flora, MS                                                                                  recycling, reuse, renewal). (DOK 3)
                                                                                                                                                                           · Factors that contribute to and result from
                  · The Natural Science Museum in Jackson, MS
                                                                                                                                                                          runoff (e.g., water cycle, groundwater, drainage
                                                                                                                                                                          basin (watershed)
                                                                                            Earth and Space Science
                                 Third Grade                                     Fourth Grade                                           Fifth Grade                                              Sixth Grade
                   4 Develop an understanding of the                 4. Develop an understanding of the                4. Develop an understanding of the                           4. Establish connections among Earth’s
                   properties of Earth materials, objects in the     properties of Earth materials, objects in the     properties of Earth materials, objects in the                layers including the lithosphere,
                   sky, and changes in Earth and sky.                sky, and changes in Earth and sky.                sky, and changes in Earth and sky.                           hydrosphere, and atmosphere.


                                                                                                                       d. Describe changes caused by humans on the
                                                                                                                       environment and natural resources and cite
                                                                                                                       evidence from research of ways to conserve
                                                                                                                       natural resources in the United States, including
                                                                                                                       (but not limited to) Mississippi. Examples of
                                                                                                                       Mississippi efforts include include the
                                                                                                                       following: (DOK 2)
                                                                     d. Describe how human activities have              · Associated Physics of America, a private company
                                                                     decreased the capacity of the environment to      located in Greenwood Mississippi, develops ways to           d. Summarize the causes and effects of
    Pollution




                                                                                                                       convert a variety of agricultural products into efficient,
                   d. Identify the causes and effects of various     support some life forms. (DOK 2)                                                                               pollution on people and the environment (e.g.,
                                                                                                                       environment-friendly and cost-effective energy sources.
                   types of air, land, and water pollution and infer · Reducing the amount of forest cover              · The Natural Resource Enterprises (NRE) Program of
                                                                                                                                                                                    air pollution, ground pollution, chemical
                   ways to protect the environment. (DOK 3)           · Increasing the amount of chemicals released    the Department of Wildlife and Fisheries and the             pollution) and justify how and why pollution
                                                                     into the atmosphere                               Cooperative Extension Service at MSU educate                 should be minimized. (DOK 1)
                                                                      · Farming intensively                            landowners in the Southeast about sustainable natural
                                                                                                                       resource enterprises and compatible habitat
                                                                                                                       management practices.
                                                                                                                        · The Engineer Research and Development Center of
                                                                                                                       the Vicksburg District of the U.S. Army Corps of
                                                                                                                       Engineers provides quality engineering and other
                                                                                                                       professional products and services to develop and
                                                                                                                       manage the Nation’s water resources, reduce flood
                                                                                                                       damage, and protect the environment.
Movement of




                                                                                                                                                                                    e. Explain the daily and annual changes in the
 Earth and




                                                                     e. Compare and contrast the seasons and                                                                        Earth’s rotation and revolution. (DOK 2)
   Moon




                   e. Identify patterns in the phases of the moon,                                                     e. Predict the movement patterns of the sun,
                                                                     explain why seasons vary at different locations                                                                ·     How the positions of the moon and the
                   describe their sequence, and predict the next                                                       moon, and Earth over a specified time period.
                                                                     on Earth. (DOK 2)                                                                                              sun affect tides
                   phase viewed in the night sky. (DOK 1)                                                              (DOK 1)
                                                                                                                                                                                    ·     The phases of the moon (e.g., new,
                                                                                                                                                                                    crescent, half, gibbous, full, waxing, waning)


                                                                     f. Describe objects in the universe including
                                                                     their movement. (DOK 2)
    Solar System




                   f. Describe the different components of the
                                                                     ·     Physical features of the moon (craters,
                   solar system (sun, planets, moon, asteroids,                                                        f. Compare and contrast the physical
                                                                     plains, mountains)                                                                                    f. Differentiate between objects in the universe
                   comets.) (DOK 1)                                                                                    characteristics of the planets (e.g., mass, surface
                                                                     ·     Appearance and movement of Earth and                                                            (e.g., stars, moons, solar systems, asteroids,
                   ·     Gravitational attraction of the sun                                                           gravity, distance from the sun, surface
                                                                     its moon (e.g., waxing/waning of the moon and                                                         galaxies). (DOK 1)
                   ·     Phases of the moon                                                                            characteristics, (moons). (DOK 2)
                                                                     lunar/solar eclipses)
                   ·     Constellations
                                                                     ·     Why a planet can be seen in different
                                                                     constellations (locations) at different times

				
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