Neo-Classical Music by wpr1947

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									Neo-Classicism or “Enlightenment”

              Characteristics




              Classical
                Music
Neo-Classicism or “Enlightenment”

            Characteristics



               Classical
                 Music
Neo-Classicism or “Enlightenment”

                   Characteristics
                      Characteristics




    Forms/Styles       Classical
                        Music
Neo-Classicism or “Enlightenment”

                   Characteristics
                      Characteristics




    Forms/Styles       Classical
                        Music


         Instruments
Neo-Classicism or “Enlightenment”

                   Characteristics
                      Characteristics




    Forms/Styles       Classical
                        Music

                                  Musical
         Instruments            Developments
Neo-Classicism or “Enlightenment”

                   Characteristics
                      Characteristics




    Forms/Styles       Classical        Composers
                        Music

                                  Musical
         Instruments            Developments
             Classical Music
Entertainment led to a
change in music. In order to
draw larger audiences of
both the aristocracy and the
middle class, they had to
SIMPLIFY the complex
Baroque style.
Music became an artistic art
form for the purpose of
selling tickets to masses of
people. So, it changed to be
easier and more pleasant to
listen to.
       Characteristics

Delicate, Pretty, Simple Melodies
Easily remembered tunes
Short melodic phrases with repetition
& ornamentation
Ordered, symmetrical, formal
Logical and UNDERSTANDABLE
                 Forms/Styles
   Theme & Variation – theme is stated and
    repeated with minor changes

             LISTEN: “Canon in D”


   Rondo – sections of music while always
    repeating the “A” section (ABACADA)

             LISTEN: “Rondo Alla Turca” – Everybody March
                 Forms/Styles
   Theme & Variation – theme is stated and
    repeated with minor changes

             LISTEN: “Canon in D”


   Rondo – sections of music while always
    repeating the “A” section (ABACADA)

             LISTEN: “Rondo Alla Turca” – Everybody March
        Forms/Styles continued
   String Quartet – (Chamber Music) – music for
    performance in a small room (2 violins, viola
    and cello)

             LISTEN for a small, simple sound


   Symphony – large orchestra piece with many
    movements (sections)

              LISTEN for a large, full sound
New and Improved Instruments
  Piano – Makes dynamics in
   music possible (loud/soft)

  Orchestras - now use percussion,
   woodwind and brass instruments
   to support the strings
Musical Developments:
   Dynamics – now players are able to
    control the volume of the music
    Examples: pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff

   Structure and FORM – composers wrote
    music to fit a specific format
    Examples: Rondo, String Quartet
Franz Josef Haydn (1732-1809)
 Born in Austria
 Worked for the Esterhazy Royal Family
 Forced Prince to leave vacation by
  composing a piece where players left the
  stage one by one
 Started writing symphonies in 1757 and
  improved symphonic style (long and
  sophisticated)
 Wrote 104 symphonies
Franz Josef Haydn (1732-1809)
“Surprise
 Symphony”
In this symphony,
  Haydn used
  DYNAMICS in
  order to wake up
  unsuspecting
  audience
  members.
Wolfgang Amadeus
Mozart (1756-1791)
• Born in Austria
• Child Prodigy – toured with father and sister from age 6-16
• Composed first song at age 5
• Composed a piece of music for every kind of instrument
• Known for symphonies and operas
• Had “topsy-turvy” career
• Married against his father’s will and couldn’t manage money
• Music was light and entertaining until his father died, then his
  music changed dramatically and became very dark
• Mystery surrounding his death
  Wolfgang Amadeus
  Mozart (1756-1791)
Young Mozart, age 4                  Mozart’s father,
                                     Leopold




                                                        Mozart on tour
                                                        with father




                Mozart as an adult
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)
   Had a rough childhood
   Early music more Classical sounding
   Later music moves to a more Romantic sound (longer,
    dramatic, emotional)
   Went deaf in his later years, but continued composing
   His deafness caused him to withdraw from social settings
   He never married
   Had a bad temper
   Composed many types of music including 9 Symphonies
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)




Beethoven as a
   young man



                   His later years

								
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