Food Security Information for Decision Making European Union www.foodsec.org Price Monitoring and Analysis Country Brief Bangladesh September-December 2010 Key Messages Prices of food in Bangladesh went up in the last few months. Rice and wheat prices were 15-17% higher than international prices. The country is not faced with political crisis; food security is mainly affected by chronic poverty. Agencies estimate high levels of food insecurity which could worsen due to high food prices in local markets. The Government has in place several safety net schemes to support the population especially the ultra poor in accessing food. Background In Bangladesh the total population is estimated to reach about 162 million with an annual growth rate of 1%. Although the rural population is 72%, the agricultural value addedd to GDP is around 18%. The proportion of undernourishment is 27%. Economic Indicators View Data Food Consumption Total Population (millions) - 2009 (WB) 162.221 Undernourished Population - 2005/2007 (FAO) 27% Population growth rate - 2009 (WB) 1% Cereal share in total dietary energy consumption - 2007 (FAO) 78% GNI per capita, $ PPP - 2009 (WB) 1550 Meat share in total dietary energy consumption n.a. Population below 1$ PPP per day - 2005 (MDGI) 49% Health Indicators Rural population - 2009 (WB) 72% Pop. with sustainable access to improved sanitation - 2008 (WHO) 53% Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) - 2009 (WB) 18% Life expectancy at birth (years) both sexes - 2008 (WHO) 65 Pop. with access to improved drinking water sources - 2008 (WHO) 80% Prices Prevalence of HIV among adults aged >= 15 years - 2009 (WHO) 0.05% In Dhaka, rice prices have gradually risen since September (32.83 Taka/kg) and in December 2010 prices were 6% up at 34.93 Taka/Kg. National average prices of rice, after increasing Food Security Situation Assessment from August (28.95) to September (31.36 Taka/Kg) remained WFP extended its current Bangladesh Country Programme for almost stable through December. Wheat prices registered a one year to provide support to 2.1 million hungry, vulnerable dramatic increase of 20% from August (22.95 Taka/Kg) to and malnourished people and to improve the food security of September (27.63) and then stabilized in the following months. ultra-poor households until the end of 2011. FAO estimates In December in Dhaka, wheat retail prices (383.65 USD/T) moderately high undernourishment and IFPRI warns of an were 17% higher than the international price of US Wheat (No2 alarming situation of hunger. Hard Red Winter). Rice prices were some 15% above the price of Rice Thai A1 Super sold on the international market (422.25 CURRENT EMERGENCY ASSESMENT USD/T) in November. Exceptional shortfall Widespread lack of Severe localized FAO/GIEWS in aggregate food access food insecurity CPFS 2010 production supplies Bangladesh is not covered by FEWSNET. FEWSNET SCALE OF HUNGER (% of Undernourishment) Very high High Moderately Moderately Very low FAO (>= 35%) (25-34%) high (15-24%) low (5-14%) (< 5% under.) Hunger Map FAO Hunger Map classifies all countries of the world into five based on % of population undernourished. Extremely Alarming Serious Moderate Low IFPRI/2010 alarming GHI Source: GIEWS National basic food prices data and analysis tool Food Security Information for Decision Making European Union www.foodsec.org Bangladesh Vegetation Condition Food Balance Sheet Normal to very good vegetation conditions are observed for the The 2010 paddy production is forecast to expand to 50.25 mln major part of the country. The general indicator of vegetation tonnes, 3% above the 2009 level. Despite the good prospects condition provided below is the relative difference between the for the season, the Gvmt has been very active in the NDVI for December 2010 and the average of the last 10 years, international market, recently contracting 100,000 tonnes of rice calculated on the agricultural zones derived from the from Viet Nam and negotiating the supply of 500,000 tonnes of GLOBCOVER 2005 database (ESA). wheat and rice from India. Aggregate 2010 cereal imports are currently expected to reach 4.0 mln tonnes. Source: JRC MARS – FoodSec Source: GIEWS Country Briefs Crop phase in the reference period Government Policies Sowing Wheat - Rice (Boro) - Potatoes Gvmt is not planning to procure Aman rice from farmers, Growing No crops are growing during the reference period instead, to maintain stocks it will increase commercial imports. Harvesting Rice (Aman) - Sorghum Fair price cardholders program was resumed for 1.12 mln targeted low income people. To offset the food price rise, it has Natural Disasters, Drought and Conflicts distributed food grain through its Public Food Distribution The political situation is not critical and the country is slowly System/PFDS and plans to distribute 2.73 mlnT in 2010-11. recovering from the Cyclone Aila which caused extensive Consumer and market oriented Maintain stocks. losses and damages devastating 11 coastal districts in measures Bangladesh in May 2009. Producer oriented measures n.a. Refugees and IDPs 2007 2008 2009 Trade policy measures n.a. Total in the country 27626 28392 228586 Safety net (increased or introduced) Open Market Sale (OMS); Vulnerable Total outside the country 17580 16809 12258 Group Development (VGD); Vulnerable Group Feeding (VGF); Source: UNHCR Statistical Online Population Database, United Nations High Commissioner for Gratuitous Relief (GR) and EP. Refugees (UNHCR), Data extracted on 01/12/2010. Different sources Disaster Type (last year) Date Location Alert Earthquake 2010-09-10 Chittagong 1/3 Current events to watch (Click to see the full report) Earthquake 2009-02-22 Khulna 1/3 Understanding the Real Costs of the Food Crisis Bangladesh: Cold Wave DREF operation n° MDRBD008 - Upd... Flood 2010-10-01 Brahmanbaria 2/3 PM announces new maternal, newborn and children health... District THAILAND: Concern over Rohingya boat people Source: Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System - 3 = 1000 or more people killed or 800000 Bangladesh: Situation Report no. 205 - Cold Wave or more people displaced. 2 = 100 or more people killed or 80000 or more displaced. For more information, contact: Informationemail@example.com Website: www.foodsec.org Powered By the GIEWS Workstation The Programme on Linkin Information and Decision Making to Improve Food Security is funded by the European Union and implemented by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
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