Group Presentation - Salisbury University

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					EDUC 319 Presentation
Ethical Issues for Safety and Security

•   Social Networking
•   Acceptable Use Policies
•   Netiquette
•   Cyber Bullying
•   Student Data
•   Internet Privacy
Social Networking

Teacher Benefits

   o   Technology becomes easier
   o   Experiement with new ideas
   o   Build better curriculum
   o   Save time with new resources

Student & Classroom Benefits

   o   Students form networking skills
   o   Networking within the classroom creates community
   o   Blogs- search for career interests
Social Networking

Internet networking precautions

   o   Written content

   o   Visual or other content

   o   Employers can view content

   o   Professional Reputation at risk
Social Networking

Tips for Teachers:

      Get a blog or join other network
      Interact with other teachers on the internet
      Use connections to incorporate more technology
      Use networking to seek greater professional
       development
      Take the time to network to decrease workload
      Always be aware of what you are posting
Acceptable Use Policies

Definition:
Policies created in order to outline the activities which are
approved and deamed appropriate by an authority.

Balancing Act

           Sacrifice student learning for strict policy
                               OR
       Use a loose policy and risk innappropriate actions
Acceptable Use Policies

        The 'Good'                    The 'Bad'

   Safe student learning         Limit Student Access
       environment
                               +Advanced Tech = Stricter
Prevent harmful interactions           Policy

    Prevent legal actions        Limit resources that
                                may improve technology
 Responsibility for actions            literacy
Acceptable Use Policies

Tips for Teachers:

      Protect students from harmful content
      Be aware of student activities
      Do not limit student use of technology
      Be involved in the process of creation of AUP
      BE CREATIVE!
Netiquette

• Rule 1: Remember the Human
• Rule 2: Follow the same rules online as in real life
• Rule 3: Know where you are on the internet
• Rule 4: Respect everyone's time and bandwidth
• Rule 5: Make yourself look good online (*do not lie)
• Rule 6: Share expert knowledge
• Rule 7: Help keep flame wars under control (*flame wars are angry
  letters that can ruin discussion groups
• Rule 8: Respect other people's privacy
• Rule 9: Don't abuse your power
• Rule 10: Be forgiving of other people's mistakes
Netiquette

Tips for Teachers:
 • Teach your students the golden rule: Do unto others as
   you'd have others do unto you.


• Teach your students how to be ethical
• Make sure students are aware that they are not the only
  people online and that they must conduct themselves like
  others are watching at all times
Cyber Bullying
 Definition
 The harrassment of a minor by another minor via the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or
 mobile phones.

  •   Walkarounds
       o Ways minors navagate around website security
  •   "Tattle tails"
       o Go to site administrators "telling on" members for insignificant or untrue deads to get them
           kicked out of site.
  •   Code talk
       o Disquising offensive messages by puting them with in words or altering sentence syntax so it
           will not be detected
  •   Identity theft
       o Kids share passwords
  •   Virtual theft
       o Students can steal passwords or hack in a take virtual possetions
       o One example was about clothing. The victim's avitar must walk the cold virtual word naked
           and alone
Cyber Bullying

                         Podcasts

Prosecuting Cyber bullies
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10276
1461

Cyber bullies hard to stop
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=16763
234
Teacher Tips on Cyber Bullying

• Cyberbullying is a real threat to students mental health.
• Be cioncious of the digital networking tools you use
   o Also, monitor your students disscussion
• Online networking systems are great tools to use in the
  classroom and out side of it.
   o Distance laerning is becoming more and more a part of
     education
   o Don't let Technolphobia's create unjust bias against all
     forms of online comunication.
Student Data
Student data encompases:
• Attendance records, test scores, IEP status and socie-
  economic status.

NCLB - requires public assess to school test scores and the
publication of student scores.

"Surveys are important sources of information about the
perceptions of the school learning environment" - MCPS

Student data also provides Teacher information for student
inprovement plans and IEPs.
Teacher Tips for Student Data

• Use proccesing software to easily and efficiently file your
  students data.
   o attendence
   o grade books
• By storing your data electronically teachers can easily
  analyze student preformace.
• Test scores are also posted online on all county websites for
  easy access by anyone.
Internet Privacy

• Laws to protect children privacy

• Directory Information
  o Student Name
  o Picture
  o Email Address

• Parental consent is necessary if student work is personally
  identifiable
Tips for Teachers on Internet Privacy

• Make sure you know what is considered Directory
  Information

• Play it Safe
   o Don't put student information on the internet that you
     think will be harmful to them in any way

• Always put the students' safety first

• Make sure you get parental consent if necessary
Digital Divide

•   Gender
•   Socioeconomic
•   Race
•   Resource Equity
•   Teacher Bias
Gender Inequality

Boys:                         Girls:
 • Mechanical                 • Application
                              • Benefit from appropriate
                                 social, cognitive and
                                 physical space in the
                                 classroom.
 Project-Based Learning
  • Students become more involved with technology
  • Decreases the digital divide between genders
Tips for Teachers on Dealing
with Gender and Technology
• Provide Project-Based Learning in your classroom
   o Girls benefit from it
   o It helps bridge the gap between girls and boys in
     technology

• Provide appropriate space and applications for technology
Socioeconomic
  Socioeconomic


 -Differing degrees of necessity and ability to make use of
   internet technologies have the potential to aggravate
          existing inequalities within societies.




 -The identification of a 'communications gap' within and
between nations that many commentators believe to be so
drastic that the world is dividing into the 'information rich'
                and the 'information poor'.
Socioeconomic Teacher Tips

-Integrate computers into your classroom on a weekly basis.

-Have them engage in socioeconomic articles

-Make them get into groups and discuss them and how they feel
about these issues personally.

-This will integrate technology and socioeconomic issues in the
world which is great to have background on.
                                        Race
The access to various forms of technology particularly the Internet among various
  demographic groups around the world is a common feature of digital divide.


• Those in other nations such as the Caribbean, Africa and Latin America do not
  have the same access comparable to the United States.




• This is due to the lack of infrastructure and a network that is not capable of
  supporting the same level of Internet use as developed countries.

•   Geography also plays a role in relation to racial access, with minority groups in urban
    areas having a slightly higher percentage rate of Internet usage over minority groups in
    rural areas.
Race   o The patterns of technology use across racial and ethnic groups are not uniform.
       o Ethnic groups have had different paths to economic success and use the internet
Teacher Tips on Race

- Create groups with different ethnic groups in each.

-Base these weekly activites on their interests.

-Perhaps have the different members of the group each have the
opportunity to pick an activity that interests them so they can
teach others.

-This will give them the opportunity to learn about technology
and about each other.
                        Resource Equity
     Switch the idea of digital divide from the actual phyisical access of
                  technology to the actual equity of access


It is important that schools, and teachers understand the differences in
 access to resources between students and find ways to minimize these
                                  gaps.

 •   Some students will not have access to home computers so it may
    not be more difficult for some students to complete assignments
                   that require the use of this technology
 • Schools have the power to provide equal access to technology to all
    students to enhance their educational experiences, although it is
         difficult for some districts to find the resources needed
Teacher Tips on Resouce Equity
• Be Aware
   o As a teacher realize that not all students have easy acces
     to different technology
• Make accomodations to help students
   o Provide extra time for students to complete assignments
     requiring technology
   o Provide extra help and support, perhaps after school, to
     help students who are not familar with the required
     technology
• Integrate the technology into the classroom
   o Use technology in your class lessons as much as possible
     so students who don't have access at home can still
     experience the benefits of technology
Teacher Bias

Definition: Bias is a term used to describe a tendency towards a
particular perspective, ideology or result, especially when the
tendency interferes with the ability to be impatial,
unprejudiced, or objective.

WHY?
• Broadly defined technology is "tools created by human
  knowledge of how to combine resources to produce desired
  products, to solve problems, full fill needs or satisfy
  wants.(AACTE)
• Their is no one way to use technology.
• Allows for bias and opinion
Teacher Bias

What does it mean for instruction?
• Computers are symbolic
  o Richness, information, organization, geaks, hakers,
    malfunction
• Rapid growth = Digital divide
  o High frustration
  o New technology for wide variety of learners
  o A new culture and language

Shrinking the Digital Divide

http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=26217&title=Shrinking_the_Digit
al_Divide_in_Palm_Beach_County_Schools
Tips to Limit Teacher Bias

• Keep an open mind
• Limit frustraton by setting aside time for professional
  developments and technology training.
Legal Use of Digital Media

• Copyright
• Fair Use
• Creative Commons
Copyright
Violations of copyright law:
• Giving away copyrighted material
• Creating something that is based on someone else's work

Things you should know about copyright law:
 • Practically everything is copyrighted, whether it has a
   copyright notice or not.
 • Giving away copyrighted material, whether money is
   involved or not, is still a violation of copyright law.
 • Granting something to the public domain is a complete
   abandonment of all rights.
 • You cannot really ever lose your copyright.
 • Copyright law is a civil law.
 • Copyright violation is a crime.
Copyright Tips for Teachers

• Always use proper citations.

• Always give credit to the source.

• When you copy materials and give them to students, make
  sure you are not breaking copyright law.

• Be careful if you or your students are creating something
  that is based on someone else's work; you could be breaking
  copyright law
Fair Use
4 Main Factors Used to determine Fair Use of a Copyright:

1. Purpose of the Work and its use

2. The nature of the text; factual or creative

3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in
relation to the copyrighted work as a whole

4. The effect of the use on the potential market for, or value of,
the copyrighted work.
More likely to be Considered   More likely to be Considered
Fair Copyright Use             Unfair Copyright Use

- Educational Purposes         - Commercial Purposes

- Factual, non fiction text    - More creative work

- Short text that do not       - Long passages that convey
contain majority of original   the "heart" of the work
work
                               - Songs
- News Report

- Non- Profit
Teacher Tips on Fair Use of Copyrights

• Educate yourself
   o Become familar with the uses of copyrights and the fair
     use doctrine
   o Understand which uses are more likely to be considered
     fair use, as discussed on the previous slide
• Play it safe
   o If a use is questionable and you are unsure if it is
     considered fair use or not try to avoid to
   o Stay away from the examples that are often considered
     unfair use of copyright
• Use Common Sense
Creative Commons


With a Creative Commons
license, you keep your
copyright but allow people
to copy and distribute your
work provided they give
you credit.
Creative Commons


Tips for Teachers:
 • Make sure all your work falls within the Creative Commons
   license
 • Make sure you have the rights
 • Make sure you understand how the Creative Commons license
   works
 • Be specific about what you are licensing
 Works Cited
Fair Use Information:

Pennsylvania State University. (2009). Legal and Ethical Use of Digital Media. Retrieved April 29, 2009, from Information Technology
Services: http://its.psu.edu/policies/digitalmedia/dmfaq.html#Q5= o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />= w ns = "urn:schemas-
microsoft-com:office:word" />

Social Networking Sources:
Goldsborough, Reid (2009). Looking good on social networking sites. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April 28, 2009.
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36963463&site=ehost-live


Hargardon, Steve (2007). A little help from my friends. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April 28, 2009.
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27076195&site=ehost-live

Independent School. (2008). Innovative teachers lead new NAIS online communities. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April 28,
2009. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34917839&site=ehost-live

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy (2009). Networking teacher coaxing colleagues to use technology. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April
28, 2009. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=34379986&site=ehost-live


Royal, Ken. (2009). Collaborations Around the Planet. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April 28, 2009.
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=27746706&site=ehost-live


Young, Jeffrey R.(2009) How Not to Lose Face on Facebook, for Professors. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April 28, 2009.
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=36546614&site=ehost-live
 Works Cited
Socioeconomic and Race Sources:

Bullock, Benbow (2009). International Directory of Sculpture Parks. Retrieved May 2, 2009,
http://www.artnut.com/sculpture/world.gif


Carvin, Andy (2007). Andy Carvin's Waste of Bandwidth: The Digital Divide Archive. Retrieved May 2, 2009,
http://www.andycarvin.com/photos/chart-ntia.jpg

Davidson, Nicole (2005). Digital Divide-Access-Race. Retrieved April 27, 2009, http://wiki.media-
culture.org.au/index.php/Digital_Divide_-_Access__Race

Margerison, Adam (2005). Digital Divide. Retrieved April 27, 2009, http://wiki.mediaculture.org.au/index.php/Digital_Divide

Acceptible Use Policy Sources:

Carr, Nora . (2007). Weird-world mishaps. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April 28, 2009.
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=23975483&site=ehost-live

Ferdig, Richard E. (2007). When ‘acceptable’ becomes unacceptable. Obtained from EBSCO.host on April
28, 2009. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=28062435&site=ehost-live

Resource Equity Information:
Eastern Illinois University. Digital Divide/ Equity Isues. Retrieved April 29, 2009, http://www.eiu.edu/~itc/divide.php

Gorski, P. (2005). Education equity and the digital divide. AACE Journal, 13(1), 3-45.
Works Cited
Internet Privacy Sources:

Baskin, J. S., & Surratt, J. (2001). Student Privacy Rights and Wrongs on the Web. Retrieved April 25, 2009,
http://www.aasa.org/publications/saarticledetail.cfm?ItemNumber=3453

Gender Sources:

McGrath, D. (2004). Closing the Gender Gap: Girls, Technological Fluency, and PBL. Retrieved April 25, 2009,
http://faculty.salisbury.edu/~ddsessoms/Educ318/GenderGap.pdf

Copyright Sources:
Templeton, B. (1994). 10 Big Myths About Copyright Explained. Retrieved April 25, 2009,
http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html

Creative Commons Sources:

Creative Commons. Received April 27, 2009, http://creativecommons.org/license/

Netiquette Sources:

The Core Rules of Netiquette. Received April 27,2009, http://www.albion.com/netiquette/corerules.html

				
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