Docstoc

Douglas J. Cardinal

Document Sample
Douglas J. Cardinal Powered By Docstoc
					Douglas J. Cardinal
   A case study by Terry Harden
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               Age: 03/07/1934
   Practice Profile        Place of Birth: Calgary, Alberta, Canada
   Portfolio of work
                           Academic History: 1952-University of British
   Technique
                           Colombia, for only 18 months.
     of Practice
                           1963-University of Texas, Bachelors with honors.
                           Professional History (if applicable): One year
                           internship at Bissell and Holman.
                           Started firm the year after.
                           Mission Statement (if any): To bring peoples’
                           vision into reality, not our own. People we serve
                           have more passion about, and know more about their
                           own dreams, than the architects.
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                  Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               Douglas J. Cardinal Architects Ltd.
   Practice Profile        Douglas J. Cardinal Architect Ltd. has built its
   Portfolio of work       phenomenal international reputation by incorporating
   Technique               living organic architecture with the vision of the
     of Practice           people who inhabit its spaces. This powerful
                           combination is the winning formula to their
                           success.The organic/human process is the foundation
                           of design.
                           As well, the firm is involved in community master
                           planning, project management, preparation of
                           contract documents, tendering and bid evaluations,
                           site reviews and inspections.
                           Project types include schools, casinos, cultural
                           centers, communities, homes, museums, and
                           churches.
                                 -excerpts from http://www.djcarchitect.com

                           .
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                  Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               St. Mary’s Church
   Practice Profile        Red Deer, Alberta
   Portfolio of work
                           Completed 1968.
   Technique
     of Practice           Building cost - $300,000
                           Cardinal’s first largely recognized building. The
                           mostly brick building required him to him go to
                           Chicago to find a computer that could process the
                           equations needed prove that the structure was strong
                           enough to support the 250 ton tent-like roof.

                           Canadian Museum of Civilization
                           Hull, Quebec
                           Completed 1989.
                           Building Cost - $340 million.
                           Cardinal stressed the importance of
                           images throughout the design. The
                           design grows from the site as if it is a
                           rock outcropping. The simple lines
                           and natural forms resemble what
                           Cardinal feels as representative of the
                           artistry of the native people of
                           Canada.
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                   Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               Ouje-Bougoumou Village
   Practice Profile        Completed 1999.
   Portfolio of work
                           Building cost - $45 million.
   Technique
     of Practice           Won recognition from the United Nations as a “model
                           human settlement.” The client was a Cree community,
                           who commissioned Cardinal to design the village
                           core; the design used a circular pattern to unify the
                           site with conical shapes representing gather spaces.



                           National Museum of the American Indian
                           Washington D.C.
                           Completed 2004.
                           Cardinal was the original designer of the museum,
                           although he was not used as the final architect.
                           Through vision sessions Cardinal developed a
                           curvilinear building mass that was accepted by all
                           of the parties involved. The building sits on only a
                           quarter of the site, the landscaping incorporates
                           the approach to the building, and represents the
                           various land types of the native peoples.
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                    Douglas J. Cardinal



                           Barriers
                           Everything has been a challenge. Coming from the
                           wrong family background, prejudice forced him to
   Biography
                           attend school in the United States. While there, he
   Practice Profile        was impressed by the number of racial activists on
   Portfolio of work       campus, which later inspired him to become an
   Technique               activist in Canada and fight for native rights. At one
     of Practice           point he was told by a Canadian Prime Minister that
                           he would never work in Canada again. Despite that,
                           he persevered and has long outlasted the closed
                           minded government leader. The drive to always excel
                           no matter the odds, and the fortune of having
                           forward thinking clients, allowed Cardinal to make
                           progress and become successful.


                           Successes
                           Cardinal considers his numerous museums, the First
                           Nations University, the Ouje-Bougoumou Village, and
                           St. Mary’s Church as his great architectural
                           successes. And of course, the favorite project is
                           always the one currently being worked on.
                           His personal success is that he does not let the bad
                           attitude of others affect him, he would not change
                           one bit to satisfy another with a bad attitude.
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                   Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               Role Models/Influences
   Practice Profile        Fred Davis, a Texas architect who was his boss and
   Portfolio of work       professor at the same time.
   Technique
                           Bruce Goff, Frank Lloyd Wright, Antonio Gaudi
     of Practice
                           Art Nouveau and Organic architecture influences


                           Influence of Heritage
                           While at the University of Texas, he was a “typical
                           Canadian”, his design influence comes from the
                           architects studied in school. The difference, and
                           connection to his heritage, is the process of design.
                           He uses vision sessions, a non-hierarchal system that
                           encourages all to have input into the design. Every
                           person who has a mandate, deserves respect.
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                    Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               Views on Diversity and Education
   Practice Profile        Diversity is what makes interest, the more facets the
   Portfolio of work       better for it expands humanity. Cardinal believes that
   Technique               every architect should have his or her own identity
     of Practice           and expression. He believes in this enough to say
                           that there should be as many expressions of
                           architecture as there are architects.
                           One of the problems with current architecture schools
                           in general is that schools promote a certain style of
                           architecture, which is taught to the student. Ideally,
                           schools would educate the student to be a whole
                           person, but Cardinal feels students are viewed as a
                           container for information by the schools instead. The
                           student is programmed to design, talk, and look to fit
                           an image of the school. Students are taught to have
                           all of the answers and to know all, even though true
                           creativity comes from asking questions and not
                           knowing.
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                   Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               “We are co-creators of the Universe, everything must
   Practice Profile        be questioned in order to come up with a better way
                           of life.”
   Portfolio of work
   Technique
     of Practice
                           “If we poison the air, poison the water, cut down all
                           the trees, and all we have is money to eat, it won’t
                           taste very good.”
Mothers, Brothers, & Others
Case Studies of Diversity in the Profession of Architecture
                                                                                     Douglas J. Cardinal




   Biography               http://www.dfait-
   Practice Profile        maeci.gc.ca/aboriginalplanet/archives/may2002/art7
                           _main-en.asp
   Portfolio of work
   Technique               http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/architecture/tour09e.h
     of Practice           tml
                           http://www.culture.ca/canada/perspective-
                           pointdevue-
                           e.jsp?data=200505/tcp01200052005e.html
                           http://collections.ic.gc.ca/cardinal/interactive2/home.
                           html
                           http://www.djcarchitect.com/
                           http://afnevents.org/leadershipforum/agenda.html

				
DOCUMENT INFO