Executive Report - CIFAL Atlanta by chenmeixiu


									                                   Final Report
Third International Water Forum: Climate Change & Variability
                     June 4-6 in Atlanta, GA, United States of America

                                   Contributing Authors

                    Christian Braneon, Georgia Institute of Technology

                        Erica Betts, Georgia Institute of Technology

     Funding for the program and subsequent publication was made possible thanks to:

                                  City of Atlanta, Georgia

                                   Veolia Environnment


                                 The Coca-Cola Company

                                    Delta Airlines INC.

                             GE Water & Process Technologies

                              The British Consulate General
Table of Contents

    I.    Introduction

    II.   Background

             a.   Water and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals

             b.   Explanation of the Knowledge Management Methodology

    III. Discussion of Competency Levels: UNITAR Session I: Peer Assist Exercise

    IV. Best Practice Sharing Session: Water Supply & Transboundary Issues

    V. Best Practice Sharing Session: Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation

    VI. Knowledge Fair

    VII. Action Plans

Annex I: Best Practice Matrix

Annex II: River Diagrams

Annex III: Stairs Diagrams

Annex IV: Agenda

Annex V: List of Participants
Attendees to the Third Annual International Water Forum, June 4-6, 2008. Atlanta, Georgia.

I. Introduction
The City of Atlanta, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), and the International
Center for the Training of Government Authorities (CIFAL Atlanta) hosted the third annual International
Water Forum June 4-6, 2008. This year’s forum focused on climate change and variability and its effects
on water resource management.

Over 55 delegates from nearly nine countries took part in this global dialogue, which included discussions
on climate change mitigation and adaptation, water supply and trans-boundary issues, water efficiency
and conservation and climate change modeling.

Our diverse delegate list included international water experts and officials from: Concepcion, Chile; San
Jose, Costa Rica; Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Zutphen, Netherlands; The Royal
Netherlands Embassy; Tehuacan, Mexico; Colombo, Sri Lanka; Rawalpindi, Pakistan and Manchester,
United Kingdom.

Delegates from the United States represented the following local governmental entities: the City of
Atlanta; the City of Baltimore, Maryland; Coweta County, Georgia; Dekalb County, Georgia; El Dorado
Irrigation District, California; Fulton County, Georgia; the City of New York; Tucson, Arizona.; Piedmont
Triad Council of Governments, North Carolina; the City of Spartanburg, S.C. and the Southern Nevada
Water Authority.

Institutional support for the program was provided by: AWWA Research Foundation, the Water
Environment Federation, the Association of Metropolitan Water Agencies, the National Association of
Clean Water Agencies, the Pollution Prevention Assistance Division of the Georgia Department of Natural
Resources, the Georgia Water Resources Institute of the Georgia Institute of Technology and The Climate

The International Water Forum received financial support or in-kind donations from Veolia
Environnement, MWH Global, Delta Air Lines Inc., The Coca-Cola Company, GE Water & Process
Technologies, and the British Consulate-General of Atlanta.

This was the the third forum of its kind that UNITAR, the City of Atlanta and CIFAL Atlanta have put on
since 2006.
II. Background

A. Water and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals

The International Water Forum was a follow-up to the “First Annual Mega-City Water Forum: Innovative
Water Supply Strategies” held in 2006 and “Second Annual Mega-City Water Forum: Planning for
Sustainable Growth” held in 2007.

These annual water forums were designed to promote the achievement of the Millennium Development
Goals (MDG) in ensuring environmental sustainability. The MDGs were adopted in 2000 by 189 nations
with a target for achievement by 2015. Environmental sustainability, recognized as goal seven, calls for
integrating the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs, achieving
significant improvement in the lives of slum dwellers, and reducing by half the proportion of people
without sustainable access to drinking water.

The International Water Forum invited water practitioners and government officials to consider water
resource management as it is affected by an increasingly variable climate. Representatives from both
developing and developed nations participated in all aspects of the forum.

B. Explanation of the Knowledge Management Methodology

Prior to arriving to the forum, delegates were asked to complete a self-assessment survey, which outlined
nine best practice areas related to water resource management and climate change. Each participating
government could measure its current performance in a given best practice area on a scale of one (BASIC)
to five (HIGH).

CIFAL then paired the governments in best practice sharing sessions based on their self-assessment
rankings. This methodology, known as CityShare, is employed by UNITAR and utilizes networking,
partnerships, and roundtable dialogue to share viable, practicable policies and to assist officials in
prioritizing their policy needs, setting goals, and implementing changes.

The best practice areas and competency levels for this forum were developed by CIFAL Atlanta under the
guidance of its steering committee, which included water practictioners, professionals and policy
advocates in the Atlanta area. They represented the City of Atlanta, CH2M Hill, MWH Global and the
Georgia Water Resources Institute.

Exercises throughout the workshop encouraged local government authorities to utilize the framework as
a means of interaction and exchange of ideas for taking action and improving water resource initiatives.
The information in this report captures the discussion and knowledge exchange that took place
throughout the forum.

III. Discussion of Competency Levels: UNITAR Session I: Peer Assist Exercise

During this first day of the forum, delegates were asked to participate in a “Peer Assist Exercise.” Here,
they discussed and justified their self-assessment rankings in groups of three or more. They were asked
to reassess themselves after comparing their achievements and obstacles to those of other cities. They
also identified target areas that they would like to improve upon in the coming year.

The nine best practice areas included in the self-assessment matrix are: Policy & Legislation, Trans-
boundary Water Supply & Conflict Resolution; River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater and Ecosystem
Management; Waste Water and Water Quality; Risk & Vulnerability: Droughts and Floods; Efficiency &
Conservation; Finance & Governance; Climate Change & Variablity and Decision Support Systems Analysis.
Information from their group discussions follows.

 Group 1         Chile Costa Rica Glen George (CLIME Project) Moderator Lynette Cardoch (MWH)

Chile and Costa Rica identified climate change and variability as a high priority issue, especially with
regard to politics, indigenous communities, and education.

    •   On climate change and variability Chile ranks itself differently among the different sectors of
        society within Chile. Chile ranks its universities and governments at a four [on awareness and
        concern about climate change], and it ranks its average citizen at about a two. In the business
        sector Chile also says climate change is not a major priority, and among Chile’s impoverished, the
        concern is more focused on the next day’s availability of water than on climate change.
    •   Chile says climate change is an issue that is just beginning to show up in developing countries. It
        also says, however, that its citizens are beginning to recognize the symptoms (such as the
        decreased availability of clean water, etc). Farmers and fishermen are among those Chileans
        who are noticing these changes the most. They do not understand, however, the connections to
                                                                    climate change that these problems
                                                              •     Chile wants to see international
                                                                   compromises to begin addressing
                                                                   climate change. “Chile is ready to
                                                                   comply,” said Oscar Parra of Centro
                                                                   Ciencias Ambientales of La Universidad
                                                                     de la Concepcion, Chile.
        Darner Mora of Costa Rica and Oscar Parra of Chile.
    •   Costa Rica says that climate change should not be a political issue, because the effects of climate
        change, most specifically drought, in Costa Rica have significantly affected livestock.
    •   Chile says that there exists a culture of normalcy around natural disasters in Chile, because they
        have been affected by so many natural disasters in the past. Therefore, there exists a different
        disposition towards climate change.
    •   On the political front, Chile says ultimately that climate change is less important than poverty.
        Climate change can be an uncomfortable issue in Chilean politics.
    •   Costa Rica says, however, that the Costa Rican government is committed to the issue of
        addressing climate change. “Priority [in Costa Rica] has been a green agenda,” said Gerardo
        Galvis of the Water and Sanitation National Institute of Costa Rica.
    •   In a discussion about addressing potential effects of climate change on indigenous communities,
        Costa Rica said its indigenous people were below- average on development issues, such as water
        sanitation, etc. Costa Rica says ultimately the most marginalized of the indigenous groups will be
        those most at risk with climate change impacts.
    •   Chile says that indigenous groups are also at risk in Chile. It also says that indigenous groups do
        not fully understand climate change and its potential impacts and thus stress the importance of
        linking climate change to normal life conditions.
     •    Costa Rica says that money and technology exist for the indigenous people to use to address
          climate change. The indigenous people however do not know how to use the new technologies.
     •    Glen George of the U.K. says a similar situation is occurring in Australia.

 Chile and Costa Rica also identified water privatization as a target area to discuss.

     •    On the front of water privatization, Chile said that it has not experienced many positive effects
          from privatization (such as alleviation of illnesses, etc). In Costa Rica they have experienced
          more positive effects on the front of illness alleviation because of the mountainous terrain.
     •    Chile said cost of sanitation services in the period of privatization in Chile doubled. Because,
          however, the economy was doing well during this period, no one felt the pain and no one

 Lastly, Chile and Costa Rica discussed water quality and sanitation issues.

     •    On the issue of sanitation and water quality Costa Rica ranked the country at a five on the best
          practice matrix for drinking water quality, but it says sanitation capacity ranks a little less.
     •    Chile says its drinking water is also five, but its sanitation capacity also less than what it could be
          at full potential.

Group 2       Rawalpindi, Pakistan New York City Zutphen, Netherlands EPA Region 4
               Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta Baltimore, Maryland

 Atlanta identified policy and legislation as a particular area of focus within the best practice matrix
 paying special attention to the drought that has been occurring in Georgia and the potential for water
 changing water pricing and increasing water efficiency methods.

     •    Atlanta ranks itself as a four on policy and legislation. It estimates that it is returning
          approximately 92% of surface water withdrawals in an effort to preserve and enhance water
          quality/supply. Atlanta says there is a need for better planning and more effective water
          conservation strategies to offset the increase in water demand projected in the future. It
          currently has a full scale financial model in place. Even with a recent 10% reduction mandate by
          the governor, Atlanta has been able to manage costs appropriately. Equipment purchases and
          overtime were suspended as a means to reduce costs. There is also a freeze on hiring. Outdoor
          watering is also suspended and Atlanta monitors and fines offenders. Surprisingly, water demand
          has not changed since the 10% reduction mandate has been lifted.
     •    Atlanta anticipates a water rate increase in the future. Rates may need to increase because of
          recent losses of revenue and for the need to make capital improvements (especially waste water
          system improvement).
     •    Atlanta says that a new plan is being considered to retrofit homes built after 1993 in Atlanta.
          Meters are being replaced over the next three years to ensure that water use is monitored
          precisely. Rainwater harvesting has become more wide spread on an individual home basis in
     •    Atlanta says that they have not established an extensive water reuse system as of yet. However,
          there are plans to develop this as needed in the future.
New York paid special attention to water efficiency, flood management, and river basin, watershed,
ground water and ecosystem management practices as areas of priority for the city.

    •   New York City says it has reduced water consumption with low-flow devices, universal metering,
        and water main installations, despite a growing population. In addition to these measures, waste
        water discharges have been reduced as well in a concentrated effort to meet environmental
    •   With regard to flood management, New York City says that with recent flooding of the Delaware
        River the city faces new challenges for the city to provide storage in the case of drought as well
        as flood protection. Negotiations have occurred between neighboring states to adjust reservoir
        levels accordingly.
    •   New York City ranks itself as a four in river basin, watershed, groundwater, and ecosystem
        management. An agreement was signed in 1997 to protect the environment that was a catalyst
        for new infrastructure to be built that provides tertiary treatment, septic system repairs, and
        reduced phosphorous contamination through farm programs. However, this requires significant
        financial investment from New York City.

Baltimore, Maryland placed water quality as one of its top priority issues. Baltimore specifically spoke to
the difficulty of policy implementation for addressing water quality issues in the area.

    •   Baltimore says it typically does not have
        water supply issues. However, there is a
        huge problem associated with water
        quality. Baltimore is now formulating new
        policies associated with pollution in
        Chesapeake Bay and surrounding streams
        systems due to overwhelming trash.
        Agreements have been formed by
        surrounding counties with common water
        goals as a part of Baltimore’s “Cleaner
        and Greener” campaign. The Office of
        Sustainability and the Urban Tree Canopy        Hugo Lam of Baltimore.

        Program were established recently to protect water quality and trees respectively. Baltimore is
        still, however, in a policy development phase. The Department of Public Works has also played a
        large role in improving water issues. The mayors of the city have established programs to protect
        water quality but Baltimore is still in the early stages and has much to learn. In fact, crime has
        been such a big issue for the city that only recently has water quality become a local government

Rawalpindi, Pakistan, placed priority on water quality issues also. It also expressed concern for the need
to increase water efficiency, wastewater reuse methods, and awareness about climate change,
especially as Rawalpindi transitions away from groundwater resource systems to incorporate more
surface water resource systems.
    •   Rawalpindi says that there are high costs associated with using groundwater in the region. The
        groundwater table is retreating 10 feet a year. Thus, a complete shift from groundwater to
        surface water is in currently under way.
    •   Rawalpindi says it has special policies in place for permitting in order to withdraw groundwater.
        Surface water is more readily available. New legislation has been put in place to protect local
        lakes from water quality issues associated with development.
    •   Rawalpindi is particularly interested in water conservation, water efficiency, and reuse of
    •   Rawalpindi is implementing a new policy requiring all new housing developments to have rain
        water harvesting mechanisms in place. Harvested rain water can be used for a variety of uses
        including lawn watering, car washing, clothes washing, etc.
    •   Rawalpindi also says that low lake levels associated with climate change have led to algae issues
        not encountered previously. Programs have recently been put in place to reduce and augment
        waste water and runoff entering lakes with algae problems.
    •   Rawalpindi says water from the Indus River will be utilized in the future to reduce water supply
        and water quality issues.

Group 3     Spartanburg, South Carolina DeKalb County, Georgia Colombo, Sri Lanka
             Alex Mejia (CIFAL) Moderator Eddie Van Giesen (BRAE)

Before the peer assist exercise, members from this group expressed particular concern about water reuse
methods, most namely those methods related to gray water and rainwater reuse.

    •   The group discussed that there exists a lack of public acceptance of reuse of treated water as
        well as a lack of political courage to support water reuse. Sri Lanka said, however, that rainwater
        reuse is an important method used in their country. Many houses have rainwater reuse systems
        incorporated into the design of the house. It is increasingly, however, becoming a legal issue,
        and they are trying to push for more and continued incorporation of water reuse into building
        designs. It was discussed also that in areas, such as rural Latin America, there is a high usage of
        rainwater and water reuse in rural homes. Examples of old water reuse systems were provided,
        including the historic canal system in India, as well as Fort Pulaski with is seashell roof system.
        History of Dams was a book that was provided as a resource of reference.

    On the topic of policy and legislation there was much emphasis on climate change policy and local
    land planning.

    •   Spartanburg ranks itself as a three on policy and legislation, because climate change was only
        recently acknowledged and there does not yet exist any political support for climate change
        policy in the state.
    •   Spartanburg says utilities also discuss and acknowledge the climate change issue at conferences,
        but they too have yet to pursue strong policies addressing climate change.
    •   DeKalb County says it is trying to address climate change via discussion of the current drought
        that is occurring in Georgia.
    •   Sri Lanka says it has tried to introduce legislation on water policy. There exists in Sri Lanka,
        however, an issue with land rights that creates a problem for implementation of water policy.
        Local groups want to maintain control over water, but they want money from the national
        government. On top of local pressure the national government wants to institute requirements
        or guidelines. The previous government in Sri Lanka was also recently overturned making the
        situation for water policy more complex.

    Transboundary water supply and conflict issues were also a topic of concern.

    •   Sri Lanka ranks itself as a one on transboundary water supply and conflict issues. Sri Lanka says
        there exists an ethnic issue in the county. Local provinces are to be given more power in the
        future, which may create future water conflicts.
    •   DeKalb County says it is a Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning District (MNGWPD)
        member and it is currently implementing suggestions for the district in order to deal with
        conflicts with other countries.
    •   Spartanburg gives itself a four on tranboundary water supply issues. There exists transboundary
        issues with North Carolina, and there does not exist yet the framework in place for dealing with
        these issues.

    Efficiency and conservation issues also placed high priority among the members of this group.

    •   DeKalb County gives itself a five on efficiency and conservation. DeKalb says there is a
        conservation and efficiency plan in place. In DeKalb County residents must abide by ordinances
        and mandatory requirements for the installation of low-flow fixtures (of which they must have
        proof at the point of sale). Currently, DeKalb is also installing individual water meters on multi-
        family dwellings, and there is a water reuse feasibility study underway. Rainwater reuse has not
        been codified, but DeKalb is promoting it.
    •   Sri Lanka ranks itself as a four. It has introduced water meters; it has put in place rainwater
        system requirements, conservation measures, and water supply protection. Sri Lanka says
        community ownership encourages better use, and pricing structures promote more efficient use.
        Water pricing is adjusted to match consumption, with heavy users paying proportionantely more
        than conservative water users. The pricing takes into account the high costs in energy it takes to
        pump and acquire water. The national government provides technical support and capital
        investment funds while local governments cover maintenance. The national government
        suggests by-laws to local governments. Sri Lanka has a decentralized government management
        model. Local groups are empowered and realize the importance of water resources, because
        they have an active role in obtaining it. Public education is key in teaching and empowering
        local communities about water issues.
    •   Spartanburg says it has put in place conservation over the past two years via the implementation
        of water restrictions for those residents living near a water supply reservoir, the promotion of
        water audits, and the employment of student interns to perform water audits.

Another area of particular concern was climate change and variability.

    •   Sri Lanka ranks itself as a one in climate change and variability. It says local governments
        predominantly do not have knowledge about climate change.
    •   Spartanburg ranks itself as a three. It is currently looking at policies related to climate change,
        and it is studying how water resources will be affected by climate change.
    •   DeKalb County ranks itself as a two. It is looking at drought management, but it is not addressing
        climate change directly.
On the issue of river basin, watershed, and ecosystem management the delegates of this group had
some experience in one or more of these areas, but all delegates said there was room for improvement.

    •   Sri Lanka says it has performed river basin studies, but it has yet to do further sophisticated
        analysis. It ranks itself as a three.
    •   DeKalb County ranks itself as a four. It does not yet have detailed analysis of all the watersheds
        in DeKalb, but it does have preliminary studies. DeKalb has to abide by regulations at the federal,
        state, and regional water district levels. It has established a storm water utility fee to help fund
        its initiatives.
    •   Spartanburg ranks as a three. Spartanburg used to have a storm water utility fee, imposed as a
        tax. Public outcry, however, resulted in a repeal of the tax. The county tried to assess the fee,
        but because water and sewer costs were handled through a separate utility they could not add
        the fee to the utility bill. There are no construction controls in Spartanburg, which has resulted
        in increased flooding problems in new construction areas.

Finance and governance was another area of discussion.

    •   Spartanburg ranks as a five in finance and governance. It has a five year business financial plan.
        They have not had to raise rates even though drought persists in the region, and system
        improvements have been proposed for the city. Wastewater utilities, however, may see financial
        stress in the future with the expected decreased flow that drought and the implementation of
        low flow fixtures will create. Solids may become an issue.
    •   DeKalb ranks as a five. It also has a five year plan (CIP).
    •   Sri Lanka ranks as a five. It too has a five year plan.

Group 4       Zutphen, Netherlands Tuscon, Arizona Fulton County, Ga.
               Kathleen Miller (NCAR) Moderator Michael Rosenberger (CH2MHill)

On policy and legislation Tucson explained its scenario planning process model.

    •   Tucson has created a scenario planning process that incorporates equally likely futures. Tucson
        also has a long range plan (a drought policy plan). It, however, does not incorporate the service
        sector. Tucson offers itself as a source of contact for water planning and policy via these
        planning methods.
    •   Fulton says it has strong legislation in place in the form of permits, the Metro Atlanta Water
        Planning District regulations, and the recent Georgia state Department of Natural Resources
        water supply plan. Georgia is the only state with a mandatory management plan in the
        Southeast. Georgia also has riparian laws, and it does not allow interbasin transfers.

During the session transboundary issues were also discussed. Both Tucson and Fulton went into great
depth about the transboundary issues they face.

    •   The Netherlands claims that they have no known transboundary water issues.
    •   Tucson says that it faces many transboundary issues. The Southwest has seven basin states, and
        therefore there is much conflict, especially with regard to the Colorado River. The Southwest is
        currently in its eighth or ninth year of drought. It recently came up with a sharing plan to evade
        the Secretary of the Interior. The two major reservoirs along the Colorado (Lake Mead and Lake
        Powell) used to operate separately, but under the new sharing plan both reservoirs operate
        together. The levels in Lake Mead are the ones the Secretary of the Interior monitor.
    •   Fulton ranks as a four on transboundary water issues. Fulton is not strong in watershed
        management, [and thus ranks less than a five on transboundary water issues for those issues
        affecting watersheds that extend over county lines].

River basin, watershed, and ecosystem management was another topic of discussion in this group.

    •   Tucson says it is good on management of groundwater but not surface water.
    •   Zutphen says there exist one river basin for all of Holland. The whole river basin is managed well.
    •   Fulton ranks as a three in this category, because the ecosystem management clause keeps it
        from ranking as a five. It says there are many obstacles to being a five in this category, most
        specifically due to the issue with runoff and nonpoint source pollution. Eutrophication is also an
        issue in agricultural areas.

On the issue of wastewater and water quality management:

    •   Fulton County ranks itself as a four. It says many cities go beyond the national standards and
        specifics with MBRs (membrane bioreactors), etc. Fulton measures quality in turbidity and not
        just BODs (biological oxygen demands). Fulton’s water facilities have no more capacity to deposit
        organics in the Chattahoochee.
    •   Zutphen says it has new systems to be on
        line soon for water quality management,
        but expresses concern about hormones in
        the water.

Risk and Vulnerability was another area of concern.

    •   Zutphen ranks as a four.
    •   Tucson ranks as a four.
    •   Fulton County, independent of the planning
        district, ranks as a four.

                                                       Pex Langenberg (left) of the Royal Netherlands Embassy and
                                                       Adriaan Van Oosten of Zutphen, Netherlands.

On Conservation and Efficiency the cities ranked and went into an in depth discussion about gray water.

    •   Tucson ranks as a five. It has a conservation plan integrated with its drought plan. It has new
        strategies for low flow; it has plumbing codes, gray water stub outs for new construction, and
        later it hopes to start the retrofits of existing structures. The use of gray water started three
        years ago. The public health service, however, made the use of gray water difficult. To address
        the public health issue Tucson got the law changed for the public health side. Reduced water
        flow into the sewer systems, however, still pose a wastewater system concern with the increased
        used o gray water. Arizona now recognizes gray water and water harvesting with tax credits.
        Tucson does not have an established water reuse system. Gray water is recycled on property,
        but it is unable to feed back into use for toilets.
    •   Fulton County says it has a reusable water system in place also for irrigation and business
        purposes. The reuse of water cuts down on peak demand. Golf courses in Fulton County
        however have direct withdrawal permits that are not regulated. Fulton is in the process of
        addressing this.

Climate Change and Variability was another priority issue discussed.

    •   Tucson ranks as a three. On a smaller scale Tucson is addressing the climate change issue by
        encouraging people to buy for efficient water heaters. Tucson says legislation in Washington DC
        is pressuring businesses to be more efficient.
    •   Zutphen ranks between two and four. The government has not provided money to address the
    •   Fulton ranks on the weak side of a three, and emphasizes the need to address the energy issue as
        well as the water issue with regard to climate change.

                                                                                         Scientist Glen George from
                                                                                         Manchester, United
                                                                                         Kingdom (center) and
                                                                                         Kathleen Miller, left,
                                                                                         presented information on
                                                                                         climate change modeling.
                                                                                         Here he responds to a
                                                                                         question from delegates.
                                                                                         Also picture are Cy Stober
                                                                                         (right) of the Piedmond
                                                                                         Triad Council of
                                                                                         Governments; Richard
                                                                                         Holmes (back left) of the
                                                                                         Southern Nevada Water
                                                                                         Authority and Dorian Roffe-
                                                                                         Hammond and Sarah
                                                                                         Parsons of CIFAL Atlanta.

In the discussion about Decision Support Systems there was discussion among cities about how cities
label this term differently.

    •   Fulton ranks as a five. Fulton County refers to Decision Support Systems as “business plans.”

In a discussion about finances and governance Zutphen discussed its funding and governance structure
with regards to water issues

    •   Zutphen says there are publically held companies in Europe that run with the municipalities.
        There are shares owned by various branches of government.
    •   Fulton County expresses the private involvement in funding for water utilities in the Southeast.
Group 5 = El Dorado Irrigation District = Piedmont Triad Council of Governments =
            =Southern Nevada Water Authority

This group focused on climate change and variability as one of their first topics of discussion.

    •    El Dorado ranks as between two and three on climate change. It has taken climate change into
         consideration but it does not have an actual policy.
    •    The Southern Nevada Water Authority ranks as a three on climate change and variability. The
         situation is already critical due to the existing droughts in the region, so Southern Nevada has
         had to begin responding to the affects of climate change. They have partnered with Reclamation
         and NOAA to generate climate data that can be used for decision making. It is also looking into
         further prospects for in-state groundwater resources.

In a discussion about transboundary water issues this group addressed specifically the topic of interbasin

    •    El Dorado has a long history of interbasin transfers since the Gold Rush. Because of the long
         history of interbasin transfers in the region, there is now in place a regional planning framework
         that coordinates the activities of transfers.
    •    The Piedmont says it is on the verge of more transfers in the region. There is concern, however,
         of potential tension.
    •    El Dorado says to alleviate tensions within the Regional Planning Authority it allows for individual
         sub-units to maintain control over their choices. The authority also facilitates cooperation and
         deal making among sub units.
    •    Nevada emphasizes that those states along the Colorado River have agreed to share shortages
         just as they have shared surplus of water in the past. The state has set policy rules on interbasin
         transfers. These policies include the payment of money and monitoring to assure that impacts of
         transfer are not detrimental.

IV. Best Practice Sharing Session: Water Supply & Transboundary Issues

After delegates discuss their overall competency levels with local governments of similar rankings, they
are then paired with delegates that have opposite rankings for best practice sharing sessions. Here,
delegates share their strengths and weaknesses in an certain topic and have the opportunity to learn from
one another. During the sessions, delegates are asked to list their greatest “Challenges” on a certain
topic, suggested “Best Practices” to overcome those challenges and “Resources and Contacts” that will
help them meet their goals. Excerpts from group discussions on “Water Supply and Transboundary
Issues” follow.
 Group 1: Best Practice Sharing: Water Supply and Transboundary
                                             DeKalb County Democratic Republic of the Congo
                                             Stockholm Environment Institute Georgia Institute of Technology
                                             National Center for Atmospheric Research

City/                                      Challenges                        Best Practices                     Resources/Contacts
                                           1) Forecasting Water Demand       Suggested Best Practices for       Water Demand Issues: Las
                                           and water demand is a             Water Conservation                 Vegas; MWD California
    DeKalb County

                                           challenge during the drought 2)   a) Permitting for water            (www.mwdh2o.com); Southern
                                           Forecasting water availability    withdrawals conserves water        Arizona (Tucson)
                                           extremes is also a concern for    b) Pricing schemes                 Water Extremes Issues:
                                           Atlanta during the drought        c) User education                  Queensland website
                                           3)Water Quality

                                           1)Problems with human             2) Investors may be wary about     g) Gaynor River Forecast
                                           capacity 2)Collaboration          investing funds for                Center; Delaware River Basin
                                           among various government          development in the Congo due       Commission
                                           agencies                          to security issues, but there is   (www.state.nj.us/drbc)
                                           2)Problems with Food Security     potential for hydroelectric        2) The Rhine
    The Democratic Republic of the Congo

                                           due to increased irrigation       power development.                 Commission/International
                                           demand and agricultural           2) The Rhine River Basin           Commission for the Protection
                                           expansion                         Commission exemplifies the         of the Rhine (www.iksr.org)
                                           3)Poor land use; Deforestation    harmonization of laws with         1)Africa Water Resource and
                                                                             regard to water management         Education Program (AWRE)
                                                                             involving multiple                 3) Congo Resources; Kabala –S;
                                                                             states/countries                   Kabongo-SGF Environment
                                                                             2) Laws are only useful when
                                                                             enforcement mechanisms and
                                                                             incentives for compliance are in
                                                                             3)Currently there is a national
                                                                             law being developed to
                                                                             integrate water management,
                                                                             forest management, and
                                                                             climate issues
                                               1) Lack of data                   2) The International Water        2) International Water
                                               2) There are challenges for       Management Institute has          Management Institute
                                               developing countries seeking      information on economic           (www.iwmi.cgiar.org); Norway;
    Stockholm Environment Institute            aid (financial capital for        returns associated with           USAID; EU; World Bank; African
                                               infrastructure, etc) from         investment in water resources     Development Bank Group
                                               international organizations for   2) Norway has completed           (www.afdb.org)
                                               water resource development,       studies relating economic         3) Open MI – European
                                               because organizations argue       growth and water resource         Standard
                                               that funds could be better        development
                                               invested in other sectors         3)Technology transfer;
                                               3)Lack of compatibility between   education standards
                                               various analysis methods and
                                               approaches/Lack of uniformity
                                               in technological tools

                                               DSS-Outdated                      Knowledge/technological           Georgia Institute of Technology
                                                                                 transformation and/or
     Other Challenges Discussed by the Group

                                               Forecasting Weather               Forecast with adaptive            California Department of water
                                                                                 management                        resources (www.water.ca.gov);
                                                                                                                   California/Nevada River
                                                                                                                   Forecast Center

                                               Personal Security                 Political Stability agreed upon   Overseas Investment in
                                                                                 cooperatively                     corporations

                                               Regional Cooperation              Framework

Other Suggested Best Practices
a)Tools and standards for technology transfer
b)Georgia Tech has a graduate program on water resources with the University of Pretoria to aid in
knowledge transfer in countries with less technical expertise (Master’s Degree); similar programs could be
developed in other parts of the world
c)Implementation of a “Sister City” program could facilitate training and collaboration between cities in
different parts of the world
d) Adaptive management coupled with operational management based on forecasts are useful for water
supply/demand issues
e) Decision support systems are useful in creating integrated water resource management
f) Place agencies in the same building to facilitate collaboration
g) River basin commissions help facilitate integrated

water resource management
 Group 2: Best Practice Sharing: Water Supply and Transboundary
                                 Mike Rosenberger Fulton County ARCADIS
                                 Stockholm Environment Institute Zutphen, Netherlands
                                 Costa Rica Piedmont Triad Council of Governments

Background Information

**The Piedmont Triad Council of Governments elaborated on its current financial status. The Piedmont
Triad is funded mostly by grants, and it is in the infancy of water sharing. The Piedmont Triad says Virginia
is more proactive than North Carolina in this area of water management.

**Costa Rica’s issue with rainwater management has worsened with the affects of climate change.
Management is under jurisdiction of municipalities and mayors. Higher authorities in the government,
however, only provide money for response to mismanaged rainwater damages (such as landslides). There
is no money given toward prevention of rainwater damage (i.e. rainwater management programs). The
Costa Rica Institute is a national agency that provides water to most of Costa Rica, with the exception o f
the 30 rural municipalities in the country that provide their own water. Standards are given by the
national agency but no roles are provided. This has contributed further to the rainwater management

Costa Rica says it feels it is being punished for being “morally good,” and this cuts into its technical
preparation as a country.

City/                          Challenges                        Best Practices                     Resources/Contacts
                               **1)There is a conservative       1)Build a business plan with       1)Metro North Georgia Water
   Piedmont Triad Council of

                               political climate but a growing   community and stakeholders;        Planning District
                               environmental consciousness;      Target the things that can         (www.northgeorgiawater.com)

                               however local populaces are       provide the most return; Sell to   Chris Browning (Fulton County);
                               not willing to fund               the business community as          EPA website
                               environmental conscious/          “cost of service”; go across
                               sustainable development           sectors (business, residents,
                               projects; need funding and/or     etc)
                    **1)Rainwater Management             1)Laws (such as those in the         Metro North Georgia Water
                                                         U.S.) can provide money to           Planning District; EPA
                                                         local authorities under certain
                                                         stipulations; national
                                                         government could mandate
                                                         regulations but allow local
                                                         authorities the freedom to
                                                         determine how they satisfy
      Costa Rica

                                                         national mandates
                                                         1)Through water production,
                                                         discharge, or a water utility the
                                                         government can be paid back
                                                         1) Mandate local ordinances at
                                                         national level
                                                         1)Pilot projects
                                                         1)Build homes, etc according to
                                                         “after rain” scenarios with
                                                         retention ponds, etc.

Group 3: Best Practice Sharing: Water Supply and Transboundary
                   Moderator Eddie Van Giesen (BRAE) New York Tuscon, Arizona                Colombo, Sri Lanka

  City/             Challenges                           Best Practices                        Resources/Contacts
                    1)Sri Lanka wants to                 1)Improve agriculture water           Ananda Dissanayake (RWSS
                    decentralize its water               efficiency                            Division-Urban Development
                    management system, but fears         1)Use different crops, more           Ministry Sri Lanka)
                    there may be problems among          efficient technology, line            2)www.cap-az.com;
      Sri Lanka

                    sectors (i.e. Agricultural,          irrigation canals                     mitch.basefsky@tucsonaz.gov;
                    municipal, industrial, etc) and      2)Share risks among multiple          www.arcsa.org ; Delaware River
                    areas that might arise               users (both risks of both             Basin Commission
                                                         drought and flood)                    (www.state.nj.us/drbc);
                                                                                               pursh@dep.nyc.gov; Eddie Van
                    1)Tucson competes for water          1) In Colorado River seven
                    from the Colorado River              states worked together to
                    2) All cities are growing, but are   address their risks; they

                    stressed for resources               coordinated operations of
                                                         different reservoirs; national
                                                         government pressure for states
                                                         to cooperate
                     1)Flood control vs. water
                     supply; recent floods have
                     made people more sensitive to
     New York City   flooding and they may be wary
                     about using reservoirs for water
                     2)Compete with other cities in
                     Delaware River Basin for water
                     3) Must start to consider
                     seawater intrusion

                     Scarcity                           Laser Leveling Terrain          Imperial Valley Irrigation

                                                                                        District (California)
  by the


 Group Spartanburg; Chile; GE Water (moderator); EU CLIME Project; EPA Region 4; City of Atlanta
 (Department of Watershed Management)

  Group 4: Best Practice Sharing: Water Supply and Transboundary
                     = Spartanburg, S.C. = Chile = GE Water = EU CLIME Project =
                     = EPA Region 4 = City of Atlanta

 City/               Challenges                         Best Practices                  Resources/Contacts
                     1) Competing demands               2) Water valuation – good for   2)www.waterwiser.com
                     between mining and human           some sectors; bad however for
                     settlements                        others

                     2) Need more regulation- most
                     of the water rights belong to
                     foreign companies

                     1)Lack of groundwater              1)Establish protection of       1)www.amwa.net (Association
                     regulations/ groundwater           aquifer recharge zones;         of Metropolitan Water
                     quality deterioration              watershed management            Agencies); www.wef.org
                     2)Climate change will result in    4)Riparian zone management      3)EU website Water Wiser
                     large storms, increased runoff,    as a means of nonpoint source   (also can be used to rework
                     and consequently impact water      protection                      water framework so as to

                     quality                            5)While upholding               incorporate climate change)
                     3)Public education                 requirements on buffer around   1) consultants; AWWA
                     4) Point source vs. non point      reservoirs                      Research Foundation -
                     source pollution                   -Conservation easements         www.awwarf.org; WEF
                     5)Leverage use of reservoirs                                       Research (Water Environment
                                                                                        Federation (www.wef.org); WL
                                                                                        DELFT Hydraulics
                                               1)Water scarcity with a growing   1)Integrated water                1)Germany’s model under
                                               population                        management                        which businesses must pay to

     City of Atlanta
                                               2)Public paranoia (water that     2) Demand side management;        use water for production
                                               can be utilized vs. what is       water meter for every dwelling,   1)GLEON-Global           Lake
                                               needed)/ Creating protection of   etc                               Environment         Operations
                                               water resources                                                     Network – www.gleon.org

                                               1)With climate change
                                               eutrophication will increase
                                               and water quality will decrease
     Other Challenges Discussed by the Group

                                               2) Engineering of rivers and      2)Paradigm shift from             Army Corps of Engineers
                                               other water bodies                trapezoidal channels to natural

                                               3)Endocrine disruptors            More research on the effects of
                                                                                 which levels are harmful, etc

                                               4) Human Resources;               Conservation easements            Universities; Kiwa Water
                                               knowledge Retention                                                 Research (www.kiwa.nl)

    Group 5: Best Practice Sharing: Water Supply and Transboundary
                                                 = Moderator Marty Dorward = Southern Nevada Authority = Baltimore =EPA Region 4
                                                 =Georgia Institute of Technology = Tehuacan, Mexico = Rawalpindi, Pakistan

City/                                          Challenges                        Best Practices                    Resources/Contacts
                                               1)Water valuation; pricing with   Cap and Trade                     Sierra Club; EPA; Chicago
   Region 4

                                               externalities                                                       Climate Exchange; Georgia Tech

                                               1)Want to obtain state of the     NOAA                              AWWARF - www.awwarf.org;

                                               art tools (globally) on climate                                     climate change science

                                               change modeling and apply                                           program; universities (Colorado,
                                               them to Nevada’s watershed                                          AZ, Georgia Tech; UGA)
              1)Outreach – citizens need to     1) Georgia has done a lot of       Georgia Tech; Public schools;
              be informed by the government     outreach since the drought         See the way schools are
              2)Cap and Trade                   1)NGOs and local government        promoting in Pakistan
              3) Need better models and         practices
              technical resources to run        1) Necessary to have an
              models and need financial         incentive program and well

              resources to obtain models        thought out communications
                                                2)State of Maryland has
                                                submitted legislation to the
                                                state congress to cap industrial
                                                emissions; necessary to have
                                                the right science and the right

              1)Need to raise awareness and


              1)Still work to be done on a      3) Use of local media;             1)EPA – Water Sense Program
              bigger scale – retrofitting       communications strategy            NGO outreach; North Georgia
              houses, etc to be more water      (schools/public, universities)     Water Planning District; Georgia
              efficient                                                            Tech
              2)The modern hydraulic system
              in the region is designed for

              waste- hydraulic engineers are
              needed to change the
              sanitation equipment
              3) Need to encourage citizens
              to be more appreciative of full
              value of conservation

              1)Need to reuse waste water       1) Private-Public Partnerships     EPA is promoting decentralized
              and decentralized reused waste                                       septic systems for small
              water                                                                communities; 10-20 septic
                                                                                   systems are linked and

                                                                                   managed by a local utility; Bob
                                                                                   Freedman; GE small membrane
                                                                                   bio-plants; Georgia Tech
                                                                                   international resources
V. Best Practice Sharing Session: Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation

 Group 1: Best Practice Sharing: Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation
                         = Democratic Republic of the Congo = Georgia Institute of Technology = EPA Region 4
                         = New York = Chile = Stockholm Environment Institute = Moderator Glen George, UK

City/                    Challenges                          Best Practices                     Resources/Contacts
                         1)Need to improve network in                                           EPA Chile
                         developing countries

                         1)Wants to try to make policies                                        WMO/WHO
   Democratic Republic

                         for more sustainable use of
      of the Congo

                         resources, but lack the finances
                         2)Wants to get into carbon
                         market, but preservation of
                         natural forests is not recognized
                         by Kyoto Protocol

                         1)Lack of public                    1)Regulation and enforcement
                         interest/awareness in the           of policies at local level
        Georgia Tech

                         Southeast U.S. around the           1)Education at an early age
                         climate change issue                Education should include
                                                             transfer of science and
                                                             knowledge to other

                         1)Need finances to fund climate     2)Need to quantify costs of no     Stern Report (Stern Review on
                         change projects (the mayor has      action (education); Stern Report   the Economics of Climate
                         outlined a policy for the climate   2) Stern Report with more local    Change)
                         change challenge); customers        focus

                         may be resistant to increases in    2) Also show benefits of action
                         water bill                          (positivism)
                         2)People do not want to follow      2)Need to provide incentives to
                         policies that require sacrifice     change

                         1)Some activities in England run
        EU Climate

                         against the goals of Kyoto;
                         conflict between government
                         says and what the people want

                                                             A triangle of incentives,          EPA, CDC; IPCC; FAO; AMCOW
                                                             education, and regulation must     (African Ministers’ Council on

                                                             be established to create           water – (www.amcow.org);
                                                             effective policy                   Stern Report; New York
                                                                                                Department (on climate policy)
  Group 2: Best Practice Sharing: Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation
              = Baltimore = Kathleen Miller (NCAR) = Moderator Mike Rosenberger (CH2MHill)
              = Zutphen, Netherlands = Netherlands Embassy = Sri Lanka = Costa Rica

City/         Challenges                      Best Practices                    Resources/Contacts

Baltimore     1)How do you plan to adapt to   **Baltimore is currently          Sustainable planning with
              climate change for a coastal    developing a sustainable          stakeholders- Boston, San
              city while maintaining          development plan (BMP)            Francisco; Urban tree canopy-
              environmentally sustainable     3)At local level watershed        Atlanta; Watershed management-
              solutions                       agreements were signed in         Dr. Miller, David Yates; Land use
              2)Need a plan to push growth    February to address the issue;    management-EPA, SVC, USGA, ACE
              into areas that will not be     at national level need more
              affected by sea level rise      than just the Army Corps of
              3)Sea Level Rises               Engineers to step in

Sri Lanka     1)Unprecedented weather         1)Working with people to          Costa Rica; World Bank; IWMI
              damages- from frequent          address deforestation issues in   (International Water Management
              landslides, floods, etc.        the country                       Institute); Asian Development
              2)Need to sustain agriculture   2)Sri Lankan government is        Bank; the ecological blue flag
              in the midst of the damage by   trying to stop agriculture and    approach (a stategy used by
              sever weather                   development above 2000 feet       Panama, Guatemala, and others)
                                              2)promoting individual
                                              sustainability practices with
                                              community groups
                                              2)Watershed management at
                                              small scale
                                              2)Organic farming
Zutphen &     1)Flood danger; flood           3)The Netherlands are below
the           management                      sea level zero-so sea levels
Netherland    2)Goal of local council to be   rising is a national priority
s             an energy neutral community     4)Sustainable energy neutral
              by 2020                         buildings need integrative
              3)Sea Levels Rising-stress on   policy
              dams, etc.
              4)Zutphen wants the goal of
              energy neutrality in 20 years
              5)Alternative energy faces
              NIMBism (Not-in-my-
 Costa Rica              Goal of carbon neutral by        **There is a national strategy   C.F. Quad
                         2021                             of mitigation and adaptation –
                                                          tree planting, renewable
                                                          energy, etc, and involving all
                                                          sectors (tourism, health, etc)
                                                          and government in the stategy;
                                                          must involve business as well
                                                          Suggestion: LEED Buildings

  ** The first plan of Baltimore’s sustainable development plan should be done by the end of 2008. In it
  there will be an urban tree canopy goal (a thirty year goal to increase tree cover). There will be an urban
  management plan, as well as a watershed agreement with surrounding counties to preserve and enhance
  water quality in their respective watersheds. Land use management and scenario planning is also

  ** Costa Rica expressed many concerns a national strategy for mitigating climate change. Tourists coming
  into the country contribute to the country’s total carbon emissions. Incorporating carbon offset costs into
  plan tickets or resort costs. The local communities must be involved in a national plan of action as well.
  Preliminary studies are thinking about being done to find where the areas in the country are with the
  highest concentrations of carbon emissions.

Group 3: Best Practice Sharing: Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation
                       Tuscon, Ariz. Fulton County Southern Nevada Water Authority
                       GE Water & Process Technologies Piedmont Triad Council of Governments
                       Moderator Dan Loudermilk, Pollution Protection Division, Georgia Dept. of Natural Resources

     City/                Challenges                     Best Practices                 Resources/Contacts
                          Marketing                      Market issues of efficiency,

                                                         etc as issues of

                          1)Need to get people to stop   1)Involve the utilities        SNWA; Tucson; AWE; EPA
                          wasting water and provide      2)incremental rate increases   Water Sense
                          alternatives                   instead of flat increases to
       Fulton County

                          2)Changing culture             water bills every few years
                          3)Old meters                   2)Education; promote free
                                                         training to companies
                                                         3)Replace meters- “Every 10
                                                         years; calibrate larger
                                                         upgrade infrastructure”
                            1)Achieving consistency         2)State of Nevada provides      SNWA; Metro Atlanta Water

   Southern Nevada
                            within the region (in terms     tax cuts for water              Planning District (Regional

   Water Authority
                            of practices and rules)         conservation initiatives        Water Plan); Tucson, Fulton
                            2)Drought                                                       County
                            3)Need a consistent program
                            over time independent of
                            climate change

                            1)Clay pipes are losing         2) Buffers for riparian zones
                            millions of dollars a year
         Piedmont Triad

                            from leaks- public health
                            hazard with sink holes, etc;
                            Average loss is between 18-
                            2)Protecting runoff and river

                            Identify conservation           Education policy; BMPs          Doug.bennett@snwa.com;
   Discussed by the Group

                            measures that are long term                                     Richard.holmes@snwa.com
      Other Challenges

                                                                                            (Director of SNWA)

                            Mainstreaming best              Match policy to
                            practices                       technology/practice

 Group 4: Best Practice Sharing: Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation
                             NACWA DeKalb County Spartanburg, S.C.             MarionEco
                              Rawalpindi, Pakistan EPA Region 4 BRAE

City/                       Challenges                      Best Practices                  Resources/Contacts
                            1)Age in infrastructure         1)Standards for new             Drinking water AWWA; Code

                            2)Trying to give utilities      construction                    Changes
                            incentive to conserve
                             1)Because water is not          1)Get realtors involved in a    3)AWWA-www.awwa.org;
                             valued, people do not have      conservation program in         Duct Atlanta Pipe (and other
                             incentive to conserve           homes (DeKalb has started       manufacturing associations)
                             2) Need to change water         this)                           2)Pricing research on EPA
                             pricing structure               1)Rebate; rate fixtures         site; NACWA-
                             3)Standards on development      2) Need to set rates for cost   www.nacwa.org; Association
                             for new construction (leaks     of service                      of Municipal Finance;
      Spartanburg, SC

                             and inefficiencies); need to    2)San Antonio’s water           Environmental Finance
                             make sure third private         conservation program raised     Centers; EFAB-
                             party developers do not take    the rates to increase more      Environmental Financial
                             cheapest lowest bid             revenue that would feed         Advisory Board-
                                                             back into the water system-     www.epa.gov/efinpage/efab
                                                             they could pump more,           .htm
                                                             create more plants –            1)Rebate programs (Cobb
                                                             benifited the utility           County); Water Sense
                                                                                             Program-EPA; Building
                                                                                             standards through Water
                             1)Age in infrastructure         **2)Sahara Leak Protection      3)Islam Ul-Haq (Rawalpindi,
                             2)Need more technology          3)Be a leader and provide       Pakistan); circuit riders for
      Rawalpindi, Pakistan

                             available for leak protection   options to employees;           middle management (in
                             3)Willingness in the            translate information into      rural areas); The Rural Water
                             workplace                       action; money and middle        Organization www.nrwa.org
                             4)Low revenue recovery          management (with                ; WEF; AMWA; AWWA
                                                             professional staff)             4)Islam Ul-Haq
                                                             4)Upgradation of consumer

                             1)Outdoor watering and          Xericscaping; place             Water Sense-
                             inefficient neighborhood        wastewater charges on top       www.epa.gov/watersense
      EPA Region 4

                             irrigation                      of drinking water charges
                                                             and people will have
                                                             incentive to start conserving

                             In the dorms low flow           On-Demand Recirculating
                             shower heads and new            Pumps
      Georgia Tech

                             water conservation
                             standards have received
                             complaints from students-
                             takes too much time to send
                             hot water to the dorms

                             1)Education (elementary         1)Coweta County-                1)Coweta County; 11 Alive
Discussed by the Group

                             school)                         curriculum; media               News; Atlanta Journal
   Other Challenges

                             2)In-house conservation         2)Cisterns,                     Constitution; Spartanburg
                             3)Reducing water usage          rainwater capture, on-          local news coverage- “The
                             through conservation            demand recirculating pumps      Water Footprint” story
                             programs may stop up pipes      4)Educate local officials;      2)On-demand recirculating
                             4)People are ready to           make sure utilities are         pumps (MetLand); NACW;
                             change but politicians are      proactive; “it does not have    EFC; EPA
                             unaware                         to be a sacrifice”
**Sahara Leak Protection is a new technology that detects leaks in pipes without taking lines off service to
survey. The technology is about $60,000, expensive for initial costs. Spartanburg has tried the
technology, however, and claimed that on one project alone (involving a leaky pipe beneath a road) the
device gave them a net gain of $200,000- saving them costs that would have been lost on road repair).
Spartanburg says initial costs are high, but it saves a lot of money over time.
VI. Knowledge Fair: Exchange of “Offers” and “Requests”

By the end of the second day, delegates had identified the strengths and weaknesses of their
organizations based on categories from the best practice matrix. They listed the strenghts as “Offers,” or
competencies they were willing to share with other delegates. Participants also listed “Requests” to get
information on specific topic areas.

City / Organization                                           Request

 Atlanta, Georgia       Decision Support Systems (DSS) Analysis: DSS for forecasting water supply demand
                        and climate variability
                        Contact: Commissioner Robert Hunter; Department of Water Management

    Baltimore,          Climate Change & Variability: Climate Change Models & Carbon trading
    Maryland            Contact: Hugo Lam; hugo.lam@baltimorecity.gov; 404-396-0339

El Dorado Irrigation    River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Experiences
 District, California   understanding fractured rock aquifers, particularly climate change impacts

  Fulton County,        Climate Change & Variability: Improve & Develop DSS
  Piedmont Triad        Policy & Legislation: Ability to Mainstream Conservation Measures in Communities
    Council, of         Risk & Vulnerability, Droughts & Floods: Need Expertise on Sustainable Drought
  Governments,          Management strategies
  North Carolina        Efficiency & Conservation: Need to Know Most Reliable, Effective Strategies for
                        Finance & Governance: Funding Conservation and Water Quality Management
                        Funding in Absence of State Funding or Programs
                         Contact: Cy Stober

    Rawalpindi,         Waste Water & Water Quality: Waste Water & Water Quality
     Pakistan           Efficiency & Conservation: Water Conservation & Water Efficiency
                        Climate Change & Variability: Climate Change
                        Contact: Islam ul Haq

Spartanburg, South      Climate Change & Variability: Policies Implemented to Mitigate Variability Effects of
     Carolina           Climate Change
                        Decision Support Systems (DSS) Analysis: DSS Analysis Support; Spartanburg Water
                        Contact: Rebecca West; rfwest@spartanburgwater.org

 City of Zutphen,       Risk & Vulnerability, Droughts & Floods: Emergency Response
   Netherlands          Climate Change & Variability: How to Do Research on Climate Effects

Colombo, Sri Lanka      Climate Change & Variability: How to Measure Climate Variability Techniques &
                        Contact: Ananda Dissanayake; Ministry of Urban Development, Sri Lanka
    Costa Rica          River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Integrated Rain
                        water Management
                        Waste Water & Water Quality: Water safety Plans
                        Climate Change & Variability: Integrated Rain water Management;
                        Contact: Water & Sanitation Institute; Darner Mora; dmora@aya.go.cr

   Democratic           River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Needs New
  Republic of the       Technologies, Including Training & Financials
     Congo              Waste Water & Water Quality: Building Capacity & Financials
                        Decision Support Systems (DSS) Analysis: Monitoring Information & DSS Processes

       Chile            River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Methods for
                        Conflict Resolution
                        Efficiency & Conservation: Efficiency Conservation Program (Stakeholder
                        Climate Change & Variability: Government Organization for Climate Change Actions
                        Decision Support Systems (DSS) Analysis: Cost Calculations of Effects of Climate

    Braewater           Policy & Legislation / Finance & Governance: Needs Help to Inform & Influence
                        Policy Makers on Rainwater
                        Contact: G. Edward Van Giesen; www.braewater.com

Georgia Institute of    Efficiency & Conservation / Finance and Governance
   Technology           Contact: Office of Stewardship & Operations

City / Organization                                           Offer

 Atlanta, Georgia       Waste Water & Water Quality: Waste Water & Water Quality
                        Finance & Governance: Rate Setting; Financial Planning
                        Contact: Department of Watershed Management; Commissioner Robert Hunter

    Baltimore,          Climate Change & Variability: Urban Forestry
    Maryland            Contact: Hugo S. Lam; Hugo.Lam@Baltimorecity.gov; (410) 396-0339

  DeKalb County,        Policy & Legislation: Ordinances for Efficiency & Conservation
     Georgia            River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Watershed &
                        River Basin Management
                        Waste Water & Water Quality: Water & Waste Water Quality
                        Contact: Department of Watershed Management; Jo Ann Macrina

El Dorado Irrigation    Climate Change & Variability: Experience with developing Climate Impact
 District, California   assessments for Water Districts
                        Decision Support SystemsAnalysis: Developed WEAP, a Cutting Edge DSS for Water
                        Management Planning
  Fulton County,     Policy & Legislation: Water Conservation Measures & Policy
      Georgia        Finance & Governance: Rate Setting
                     Contact: Fulton County Water Services, C. Browning

  New York City,     Transboundary Water Supply & Conflict Resolution: Share Adaptive Reservoir
    New York         Management
                     Waste Water & Water Quality: Watershed Protection
                     Climate Change & Variability: Share New York City Department Climate Change

 Piedmont Triad      River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Watershed
   Council, of       Restoration & Stakeholder Facilitation & Eco-system Management
 Governments,        Contact: Cy Stober
 North Carolina
   Rawalpindi,       River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: River Basins,
    Pakistan         Ground Water Management
                     Finance & Governance: Finance & Governance
                     Contact: WASA Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Islam ul Haq

Southern Nevada      Efficiency & Conservation: Conservation Manager
Water Authority      Contact: Doug Bennett; doug.bennett@snwa.com

Spartanburg, South   River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Watershed
     Carolina        Management & Source Water Protection
                     Efficiency & Conservation: Water Conservation & Efficiency
                     Finance & Governance: Establishing Rate Structures
                     Contact: Spartanburg Water; Rebecca West; rfwest@spartanburgwater.org

Tehuacan, Mexico     River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Training in
                     Social Education for Participation; Watershed Regeneration in Mountainous Semi-
                     arid Areas

  City of Tuscon,    Risk & Vulnerability, Droughts & Floods: Drought Planning;
      Arizona        www.ci.tucson.az.us/water * use comment button
                     Efficiency & Conservation
                     Water Conservation Education & Strategies; www.ci.tucson.az.us/water * use
                     comment button
                     Decision Support Systems Analysis: Using Scenario Planning for Water Resource
                     Management; www.ci.tucson.az.us/water use comment button
                     Contact: City of Tuscon Water Department
 City of Zutphen,    Policy & Legislation: Land Use Planning; Water Management Policies, Legislation,
   Netherlands       Maintenance and Education
                     Waste Water & Water Quality: Waste Water & Water Quality, Sewage Water
                     Treatment and Prevention of Surface Water Pollution
                     Risk & Vulnerability, Droughts & Floods: Centuries of Experience in Flood

Colombo, Sri Lanka   River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management:
                     Implementation of Home Based & Village Based Environmental Program
                     Efficiency & Conservation: Rain Water Harvesting Technology
                     Contact: Ananda Dissanayake; Ministry of Urban Development, Sri Lanka
    Costa Rica         Policy & Legislation: National Policy and Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation
                       and Adaptation; Strategies and Practical Instruments for Involving Local
                       Transboundary Water Supply & Conflict Resolution: National Programme for
                       Improving the Quality of Water Supply Service
                       Climate Change & Variability: Programas Bandera Azul Ecológica
                       Contact: Minister of Environment; Water & Sanitation Institute; Acuaductos Y
                       Alcantarillados (Costa Rican water service); Darner Mora dmora@aya.go.cr

   Democratic          Policy & Legislation: Establishment of an Integrated National Policy on Forest and
  Republic of the      Water Management
      Chile            River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: Education
                       Programs in Environmental science for Undergraduates and Graduates at Centro de
                       Ciencias Ambientales EULA-Chile; www.eula.cl
                       Waste Water & Water Quality: Water Quality Monitoring Program and Design;
                       Centro de Ciencias Ambientales EULA-Chile; www.eula.cl

    Pollution          Efficiency & Conservation: Industrial Commercial Water Efficiency
   Prevention          Contact: Dan Loudermilk; P2AD; Atlanta, Georgia; 404-657-5204;
    Assistance         dan.loudermilk@P2AD.org
Georgia Institute of   Transboundary Water Supply & Conflict Resolution: Transboundary Conflict
   Technology          Resolution
                       River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater, & Eco-System Management: River Basin
                       Watershed Management
                       Risk & Vulnerability, Droughts & Floods: Drought/ Flood Management
                       Efficiency & Conservation: Efficiency & Conservation
                       Climate Change & Variability: Assessment of Water Resource Impact
                       Decision Support Systems Analysis: Decision Support Systems & Software
                       Development; Capacity Building;
                       Contact: Georgia Institute of Technology; Aris Georgakakos, Joe Hughes, Kevin
                       Cararotis; GWRI@gatech.edu

    Braewater          Risk & Vulnerability, Droughts & Floods / Efficiency & Conservation
                       Contact: G. Edward Van Giesen; www.braewater.com

U.S. Environmental     Climate Change & Variability: Climate Change/ Green House Gas Emissions
Protection Agency      Contact: Alya Singh White; EPA Region IV (Atlanta)

National Center for    Climate Change & Variability: Risk Projection & Climate Change
    Atmospheric        Contact: Kathleen Miller
 Climate and Lake      Decision Support Systems Analysis:
Impacts on Europe      Contact: Glen George, CLIME Project (E. U.), U. K.; glen@abercuch.wanadoo.co.uk
VII: Action Plans

On the final day of the workshop,
city representatives drafted an
individual Action Plan, setting goals        *Colombo, Sri Lanka
for themselves for the coming year.
                                             Priority Area: Water Quality and Efficiency (Household Level
The Action Plan asked delegates to
                                             Environmental Improvement)
identify two best practice areas for
improvement and set short,                   Partners: Stockholm Environment Institute
medium, and long-term goals for
themselves within the coming year.           Short-Term (1-3 months): Promote the useage of 8000 compost
They also identified potential               bins (community-wide)
municipal or institutional partners
                                             Medium-Term (3-6 months): Introduce appropriate soil
that could help them achieve their
                                             conservation methods in 8000 households
goals, and they made personal
commitments to help implement                Long-Term (6 months- 1year): Organic farming, new land use
                                             pattern in 2500 households

                                             Commitment: mobilizing and training communities
*Atlanta, Georgia
                                             Priority Area: Water Quality and Efficiency (Village Level
Priority Area: “Decision                     Environmental Improvements focused on water source protection
Support Systems Analysis”                    and catchment area preservation)

Partners: Georgia Tech, WEAP,                Short-Term (1-3 months): Make community based organization
National Center for                          (CBOs) aware of the importance of village level environmental
Atmospheric Research,                        improvement activities by analyzing the prevailing status with
Stockholm Environment                        them
Institute, AwwaRF, CLIME
                                             Medium-Term (3-6 months): Start nurseries in identified villages
Short-Term (1-3 months):                     and promote tree planting; implement preservation work in
DWM needs assessment;                        community assistance
meeting/follow up with some
                                             Long-Term (6 months – 1 year): Motivate Las to introduce an
(all) partners
                                             environmental plan
Medium-Term (3-6 months):
                                             Commitment: Communicate with SEI and obtain models suited to
Make action plan with steps
                                             Sri Lankan local conditions and context; DS tools, variability
and timelines
                                             measurements; water quality assurance tools, etc.
Long-Term (6 months- 1 year):
Manage and track progress               their goals.

Commitment: Talk with
community about needs
assessment; meeting with Dr.
Georgakakos; contact with
other partners
*Concepcion, Chile

Priority Area: “River basin, Watershed, Groundwater, and
Ecosystem Management”

Partners: Atlanta

Short-Term (1-3 months): To formulate an agreement between
Atlanta and Bi’o Bi’o Region (Municipalities Associations)

Medium-Term (3-6 months): To visit Atlanta with a Mayors

Long-Term (6 months – 1 year): To agree on a Plan of Action for
transfer the Atlanta Experience to the Bi’o Bi’o Region

Commitment: To serve as an intermediate person/authority

Priority Area: “Climate Change and Variability”

Partners: Atlanta

Short-Term (1-3 months): To formulate an agreement with
Georgia Tech

Medium-Term (3-6 months): To interchange academic staff and

Long-Term (6 months- 1 year): To start with an academic

Commitment: To serve as an intermediate person/authority
*Costa Rica

Priority Area: River Basin, Watershed, Groundwater and Ecosystem Management (Integrated
Water Resource Management and Improving Training, Research, and Capacity of Public Officials
and Municipal Infrastructure)

Partner: Georgia Tech, AyA (Instituto Costarricense de Acueductos Alcantarillados - National
Water and Sanitation Institute)

Short-Term (1-3 months): To facilitate, to collaborate with CIFAL; contacts among relevant
technical and decision makers

Medium-Term (3-6 months): To identify and decide topics of collaboration

Long-Term (6 months- 1year): Implement a timeline, including interchange of information, tool-kit
and eventually technical visits

Commitment: Follow up at AyA – Dr. Darner Mora in collaboration with PAHO representation in
Costa Rica

Priority Area: Risk and Vulnerability (Water Safety Plans)

Partner: CDC, Ministry of Health, AyA

Short-Term (1-3 months): To facilitate, to collaborate with CIFAL; contacts among relevant
technical and decision makers

Medium-Term (3-6 months): To identify and decide topics of collaboration

Long-Term (6 months- 1year): Implement a timeline, including interchange of information, tool-kit
and eventually technical visits

Commitment: Follow up at AyA – Dr. Darner Mora in collaboration with PAHO representation in
Costa Rica

Priority Area: Policy and Legislation

Partner: Georgia Government; Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce; Coca-Cola; Ministry of
Environment and Energy Costa Rica

Short-Term (1-3 months): To facilitate, to collaborate with CIFAL; contacts among relevant
technical and decision makers

Medium-Term (3-6 months): To identify and decide topics of collaboration

Long-Term (6 months- 1year): Implement a timeline, including interchange of information, tool-kit
and eventually technical visits
*DeKalb County, Georgia

Priority Area: Efficiency and Conservation” (Water
Conservation and Drought Management – Preparation of
Water Reuse Study)

Partners: Fulton County, Kathleen Miller

Short-Term (1-3 months): Begin study, couple with
storm water reuse feasibility with climate variability

Medium-Term (3-6 months): Contact Fulton County for
further discussions on successes and pitfalls

Long-Term (6 months – 1 year): include climate
variability elements, finish framework

Commitment: Share policies with others

Priority Area: “River basin, Watershed, Groundwater,
and Ecosystem Management”

Partners: Kathleen Miller, Georgia Tech                     *The Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Short-Term (1-3 months): Begin outline of plan for
countywide basin assessments that include climate           Priority Area: “Policy and Legislation”
variability elements, identify vulnerable areas             (Institutional framework environmental
Medium-Term (3-6 months): Select model for
comprehensive assessment, select monitoring stations;       Partners: Atlanta, Georgia Technological
water quality, quantity, supply, and habitat (ecosystems)   Institute

Long-Term (6 months- 1 year): Begin modeling,               Timeline: Begin general (2-9 months)
monitoring, analysis, etc. for watershed protection plans
                                                            Commitment: Getting finances available
Commitment: Share framework and models and results          to begin the project
with others
                                                            Priority Area: “Decision Support
                                                            Systems” (Hydro information system for
                                                            the Congo River Basin)

                                                            Partners: Atlanta, Georgia Technological
                                                            Institute; Water Environmental

                                                            Timeline: Begin general (2-9 months)

                                                            Commitment: Getting finances available
                                                            to begin the project
*Piedmont Triad Council of Governments,
                                                   *Rawalpindi, Pakistan
North Carolina
                                                   Priority Area: “Waste Water and Water Quality”
Priority Area: “Efficiency and Conservation”
                                                   Partners: Zutphen, Spartanburg
Short-Term (1-3 months): Include
conservation in storm water management             Short-Term (1-3 months): Need assessments;
plan                                               feasibility studies

Medium-Term (3-6 months): Collate                  Medium-Term (3-6 months): Estimation of the
database for governments that complements          projects; approaches and funding
EPA WaterSense program and state
initiatives                                        Long-Term (6 months- 1 year): To construct
                                                   smaller waste water treatment plants
Long-Term (6 months- 1 year): Develop
survey to assess implementation and further        Commitment: I will ensure the completion of
need                                               goals; through personal contacts with partner
                                                   cities; I will check back to CIFAL
Commitment: Create regional priority of
improved water efficiency that correlates          Priority Area: “Efficiency and Conservation”
with other programs (i.e. air quality
                                                   Partners: Tucson, New York, Georgia Tech
initiative; feasibility assessment)
                                                   Short-Term (1-3 months): To work out
Priority Area: “Risk and Vulnerability:            communication strategies for public awareness; to
Drought and Flooding”                              install water efficient-flushing systems in
Short-Term (1-3 months): Contact potential         government buildings
partner governments to discuss different           Medium-Term (3-6 months): To carry out in-house
strategies to proactively address drought          leaking repair
                                                   Long-Term (6 months – 1 year): To carry out leak
Medium-Term (3- 6 months): Determine               detection work; replacement of old pipes
regional feasibility of implementing such

Long-Term (6 months – 1 year): Present to
COG Board a hydrologically- based strategy

Commitment: Make my superiors recognize
the risk of drought vulnerability in the face of
population growth, and make it their priority
as well
*Tucson, Arizona                           *Spartanburg, South Carolina

Priority Area: “Climate Change             Priority Area: “Decision Support Systems Analysis”
and Variability” (Climate Change
                                           Partners: Stockholm Environment Institute; Georgia Tech
information sharing; educating
and promoting conservation                 Short-Term (1-3 months): Contact Dr. Purkey to get
using a climate change                     information on WEAP
perspective; conservation
information sharing)                       Medium-Term (3-6 months): Identify if WEAP can be a
                                           useful tool for Spartanburg water
Partners: Spartanburg, South
Carolina                                   Long-Term (6 months- 1 year): If #2 answer is “yes,”
                                           determine strategies (financial/business process) for
Short-Term (1-3 months): Follow            implementation
up with Rebecca West to learn
more about                                 Priority Area: “Efficiency & Conservation (including
“waterfootpring.org;” follow up            rainwater harvesting)”
with partner from Chile
                                           Partners: BRAE, Tucson
Medium-Term (3-6 months): To
                                           Short-Term (1-3 months): Contact BRAE, Tucson, others to
learn their needs and share
                                           understand options for Rainwater Harvesting
information; follow up with
Pakistan as well                           Medium-Term (3-6 months): Determine if rainwater
                                           harvesting has a role in our water conservation program
Commitment: I will champion
these to ensure initial evaluations        Long-Term (6months- 1 year): If #2 answer is “yes,’
are complete                               determine strategies for implementation

Priority Area: “Decision Support
Systems” (Comparison between
Tucson Water modeling
processes and WEAP model)
                                      *City of Zutphen, Netherlands
Partners: Stockholm
Environment Institute                 Priority Area: “Climate Change and Variability” (Emphasis on Energy
                                      and Sustainability Policies)
Short-Term (1-3 months): Check
                                      Short-Term (1-3 months): Define a feasible program for carbon
                                      neutrality by 2020

                                      Long Term (6 months- 1 year): Start implementing a program

                                      Commitment: Contact the Climate Group; study Dr. Miller’s
                                      contributions; consider the community approach in Mexico, Costa
                                      Rica, and Spartanburg.
Annex I: Best Practice Matrix

                                          Capacity Levels

                                          1/ Basic                          2                                   3                                4                                5 / High

                                          We have not established any       We have begun to consider the       We recognize the importance      By adopting solid legislation    We are now able to govern our
                                          policy nor enacted regulatory     value of creating legislative       of having strong laws and        and effective policy measures,   water resources with great
                                          laws with regard to a good        policy that will prove beneficial   regulations for the protection   we have managed to develop a     confidence. Our citizens will
                                          water and climate change          to our future water quality and     of our water resources and       focused plan of action that      have access to a clean water
                                          policy practice.                  resource needs in the face of       have drafted legislation in      manages and consistently         supply for the foreseeable
                                                                            climate change.                     order to safeguard those         monitors our water quality and   future, and we can ensure the
                                                                                                                valuable assets. We have         resource allocation. We are      quality and quantity of our
                                                                                                                begun to better gauge the        also effectively educating       runoff to downstream
Policy & Legislation

                                                                                                                quality of our water and         government employees and         neighbors. Legislation to help
                                                                                                                monitor atmospheric              the local public about water     fight climate change has also
                                                                                                                conditions.                      conservation and climate         been implemented and is
                                                                                                                                                 change.                          helping to reduce our
                                                                                                                                                                                  greenhouse gas emissions.

                                          Many of our citizens or           Our water supply does not           We have adequate data to         We have implemented long-        Our citizens and residents have
                                          residents (10% or more) lack      meet our demand (ie. 1% or          begin a preliminary study of     term plans that reduce demand    access to safe, potable and
                                          access to potable water due to    greater of the population lacks     water sharing. We have           for potable water through        affordable water, and we have
                                          geographic, technical, and        access) and we are exploring        implemented short term plans     alternative applications and     found ways to lessen demand
 Trans-boundary Water Supply & Conflict

                                          socioeconomic limitations; or     ways to make potable water          to address access to safe        efficiency improvements. We      for purified water. We have
                                          we are concerned that in the      accessible, in terms of             water. We have put together      are involving various local      also implemented an
                                          near future we will have a        proximity and expense. We are       these plans with input from      stakeholders, including          education/ legislation
                                          limited water supply that will    inquiring into appropriate          local stakeholders and           government, NGOs, and the        campaign that has succeeded
                                          limit access to potable water     means to lessen the demand          international experts.           private sector, in sharing the   in having citizens and
                                          for many of our citizens. We do   for fresh water.                                                     plan.                            corporations conserve water
                                          not have any data to determine                                                                                                          resources. We have also
                                          the anticipated impact on                                                                                                               institutionalized a framework
                                          contiguous border water                                                                                                                 for resolving potential conflicts

                                          sharing.                                                                                                                                (over water resources) with our
                                          We have not determined the          The value of determining the       In addition to knowing where        We have conducted detailed         We possess detailed
                                          boundaries of our watershed         boundaries of our watershed        our water resources exist, we       studies of our river basins and    information about all of our
                                          drainage areas and do not have      areas is considered important      also want to establish a registry   watershed areas, maintained in     rivers, watersheds and wildlife
                                          a management scheme in              and we will begin a detailed       of aquatic and land organisms       a GIS database, and will use       and will continue to conduct
River basin, watershed, groundwater and

                                          place.                              study of the land forms. We        inhabiting the watershed            this information to develop a      research on a regular schedule,
                                                                              are unsure of the quality of our   buffer zones. We have begun         strong working plan. We have       or when deemed necessary to
                                                                              water runoff.                      to use available technologies to    also created a GIS database of     obtain updated information.
                                                                                                                 monitor our runoff and are in       known wildlife. We have            We are educating our public
                                                                                                                 communication with                  started to educate the             about the interdependency of
ecosystem management

                                                                                                                 downstream neighbors about          community about their local        the watershed and the
                                                                                                                 the quality of that water           ecosystem and the importance       ecosystem. We can ensure
                                                                                                                 runoff.                             of water conservation and          that the quality of our water
                                                                                                                                                     watershed preservation. We         runoff is safe for all flora and
                                                                                                                                                     are improving the quality of       fauna downstream.
                                                                                                                                                     our runoff.

                                          We have serious water quality       We are examining engineering       We can now afford access to         Water quality has much             We are using the best available
                                          issues and our financial            options that will provide us       technologies that monitor and       improved and we are noticing       technology to monitor and
                                          circumstances restrict our          with the means to treat our        treat our water quality. Water-     that our people are healthier      clean our water supply. Water
                                          ability to improve the quality of   drinking water supplies and        borne diseases are now a rare       and feeling better about           quality has never been better
Waste Water & Water Quality

                                          our water production and treat      make them healthier for our        occurrence and we can create        themselves. We are initiating      in our cities and districts and
                                          the resulting waste.                citizens. We are considering       large quantities of safe potable    plans to upgrade our water-        we are now able to produce
                                                                              financing mechanisms to help       water for drinking and              treatment facilities and hope to   sufficient clean water to sell to
                                                                              us fund this.                      agriculture. Wastewater             have them online soon.             neighboring communities.
                                                                                                                 treatment plants are under
                                                                                                                 construction that will prevent
                                                                                                                 sewage from contaminating
                                                                                                                 our rivers.

                                          Drought conditions are a            Droughts are no longer a           We continue to have                 We are able to obtain sufficient   Our water supplies are more
Risk & Vulnerability: Droughts and

                                          persistent annual event and we      regular occurrence and we are      occasional dry conditions but       sources of water to eliminate      than sufficient for our needs
                                          are at risk of losing available     taking steps to obtain water       are no longer experiencing          potential risk of drought and      and we do not have any
                                          sources of water upon which         from alternative sources in        drought conditions. Levees and      provide adequate water for         problems with droughts or
                                          we have depended for our            order to reduce the harmful        retention ponds have been           farmers and industrial             flooding.
                                          livelihood. Poor dry soils and      effects of drought. Activities     constructed where necessary         concerns. Flooding is rare
                                          structures constructed too          close to waterways continue to     to eliminate or reduce flooding     because of engineering
                                          close to waterways have             make us vulnerable to              events.                             improvements.
                                          provided prime conditions for       widespread flooding, and

                                          disastrous floods.                  remain a constant concern.
                                                             We have not conducted any         We are beginning to recognize     Despite shortcomings in          We have implemented those           We have instituted a
                                                             studies on our water efficiency   the benefits of efficiency and    implementation, some             efficiency improvements             comprehensive water
                                                             standards, or we have             have put together a plan to       significant progress is being    previously listed, as well as       conservation and efficiency
                                                             determined our efficiency level   address water efficiency and      made in our efforts to achieve   increasing landscape                plan which includes
                                                             to be very low. We do not         conservation issues; including    water efficiency and resource    conservation measures, such as      infrastructure investments,
                                                             implement any significant         the development of a water        conservation. We have            using grey water/ rain water,       such as replacing older fixtures
                                                             measures to improve our           profile, preparation of a         implemented efficiency           pressure management                 with low flow fixtures and
                                                             efficiency because of the lack    demand forecast, setting          improvements, including          standards, retrofitting fixtures,   water saving devices. We also
Efficiency & Conservation (including rainwater harvesting)

                                                             of expertise, funding, and        minimal achievable goals,         universal metering, water        and taking part in water-use        have a strong focus on reuse,
                                                             political or institutional        developing ways to identify       accounting and loss control,     audits. Conservation measures       recycling, and rain-water
                                                             capacity. Conservation            efficiency and conservation       costing and pricing, with a      from residents, business,           capture techniques. We have
                                                             measures are not viewed as        improvements, and analyzing       focus on sharing information,    industry and agriculture are        strict water use regulations in
                                                             necessary and are not part of     costs and benefits.               offering education, and          seen as an important way to         place for all sectors of water
                                                             our agenda.                                                         building consensus with          extend our water resources.         usage including, residential,
                                                                                                                                 stakeholders.                                                        business, agriculture and
                                                                                                                                                                                                      government. Our water
                                                                                                                                                                                                      resource and conservation
                                                                                                                                                                                                      departments are well
                                                                                                                                                                                                      integrated with their
                                                                                                                                                                                                      appropriate government
                                                                                                                                                                                                      partners. We are strongly
                                                                                                                                                                                                      educating our people about the
                                                                                                                                                                                                      need to conserve water and
                                                                                                                                                                                                      reduce waste.

                                                             We are unable to recover costs    We are in the process of          We are beginning to analyze      We are charging rates for our       We have a multi-year Financial
                                                             for operating our water supply    establishing an enterprise fund   what it will take to be self-    services, and are self-             Plan in place, as well as a
                                                             and sanitation system due to      for our utilities, and            supporting as a rate-based       supporting, but have no long        Capital Improvement Plan.
                                                             poor governance. Also, we are     establishing a stand-alone        business enterprise.             range financial or capital          Rates are established based on
Finance & Governance

                                                             unable to ensure safe and         utility enterprise that will                                       planning in place. Focus is on      cost of service; and our
                                                             equitable water for similar       function within a governance                                       day-to-day activity.                budgeting and accounting
                                                             reasons.                          structure that provides                                                                                systems are first-rate. We
                                                                                               oversight and policy direction.                                                                        have allocated funds to address
                                                                                                                                                                                                      our existing and future
                                                                                                                                                                                                      anticipated problems.
                                    Climate Change & Variability is   We have started to consider        We are considering policies       We readily accept the scientific    We have adaptive practices in
                                    not an important issue for our    the effects of Climate Change &    that mitigate our negative        theory of climate change as a       place to promote conservation
                                    local government. We do not       Variability on our local           environmental impact and take     serious outcome for our planet.     and efficiency, to monitor the
                                    think that our water resources    community.                         into account the viability of     We have legislated specific         local ecosystem and to use the
                                    will be impacted by Climate                                          future water supply. We are       greenhouse gas reduction            best available technology. We
                                    Change & Variability.                                                studying the effects of Climate   targets and are working toward      are continuing to evaluate the
Climate Change & Variability

                                                                                                         Change & Variability on our       them. We continue to monitor        impacts of our existing water
                                                                                                         community and our water           our water quality and supply        infrastructure on the local
                                                                                                         resources.                        with the best available             ecosystem. We have achieved
                                                                                                                                           technology and knowledge            initial reductions in emissions
                                                                                                                                           base to prepare for our             of greenhouse gases and are
                                                                                                                                           citizens' future.                   working towards achieving
                                                                                                                                                                               goals as laid out by Kyoto
                                                                                                                                                                               Protocol, or similar standard

                                    There is no expectation at this   We have begun exploring the        We are developing our DSS         Initiation of a water forecasting   We have been using DSS for
                                    time to adopt Decision Support    technical literature and cost-     modeling methods because we       plan has been rolled out and        some time and are satisfied
                                    Systems (DSS) Analysis. We will   benefits of DSS as a statistical   believe in the value-added        we are evaluating the DSS           that the results of our efforts
                                    continue to rely upon the same    tool for better gauging our        components of model-based         component in order to better        are providing good insight into
Decision Support Systems Analysis

                                    tried-and-true forecasting        water quality needs and            reasoning. Quantitative           understand the long-term            future expectations for our
                                    methods and water planning        quantity objectives. The results                                     needs of our clients and            water requirements. Large-
                                    procedures we have depended       are being evaluated for the        Analysis Modeling has the         customers. Stakeholder              scale long term modeling is
                                    upon in the past.                 sake of determining whether        potential to expand our           objectives and concerns are         demonstrating beneficial
                                                                      this modeling scheme is            business capabilities so we can   accepted through public             results and we will continue to
                                                                      worthwhile beyond short-term       develop and boost our             meetings and surveys and            utilize this valuable economic
                                                                      requirements.                      potential capabilities in water   evaluated in order to develop       tool to avert drought-related
                                                                                                         provisioning.                     additional data information         crises in the short/ long term.
                                                                                                                                           and forecasting maps.
Annex II: River Diagrams
Annex III: Stairs Diagrams
     Annex IV: Agenda

Wednesday, June 4                                                   Alston & Bird, 1180 West Peachtree St.
6 p.m.       Opening Reception:          “In Hot Water”
               Sponsored by MWH and The Climate Group, representatives from major national media outlets will
               participate in a panel discussion concerning the media’s role in covering climate change and water
               resources. Reception follows.
                   ⋅    Opening Remarks: The Honorable Shirley Franklin, Mayor, City of Atlanta
                   ⋅    Natalie Pawelski, Vice Consul Press, Political and Public Affairs,
                        British Consulate-General, Atlanta
                   ⋅    Peter Dykstra, Executive Producer of Science, Technology, Space, Environment and
                        Weather, CNN
                   ⋅    Kristi Swartz, Business Reporter, The Atlanta Journal Constitution
                   ⋅    Russel L. Honoré, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army (R)
               Moderator: Bruce K. Howard, President, MWH Business Solutions Group
Thursday, June 5                                                                  World Trade Center Atlanta
8 a.m.          Breakfast and Registration
9 a.m.          Welcoming Remarks
                    ⋅ Alexander A. Mejia, Executive Director, CIFAL Atlanta
                    ⋅ Robert Hunter, Commissioner, Department of Watershed Management, City of
9:20 a.m.       Climate Change & Municipal Government
                    ⋅ Keynote Speaker: Kathleen A. Miller, Ph.D. Scientist III, National Center for
                        Atmospheric Research; lead author, IPCC WG II Report, Climate Change 2007:
                        Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
                    ⋅ Q&A
10 a.m.         Coffee Break & Group Photo
10:20 a.m.      Climate Variability
                    ⋅ David R. Purkey, Ph.D. Director, US Water and Sanitation Group Stockholm
                        Environment Institute-US Center Davis, California
                    ⋅ Adriaan van Oosten, Deputy Mayor, City of Zutphen, Netherlands
                    ⋅ Oscar Parra, Ph.D. Founding Director of the Environmental Sciences Centre of the
                        University of Concepción, Chile; professor, Natural Resources and Oceanographic
                    ⋅ Q&A
                Moderator: Lynette Cardoch, Ph.D., Director of Climate Change Commitment, MWH Global
11:30 p.m.      Introduction to the United Nations System and to UNITAR KM Methodology
                    ⋅ Alexander A. Mejia, Executive Director, CIFAL Atlanta
                Group assignment for next session
12:30 p.m   Working Lunch: UNITAR Session I: Peer Assist Exercise – River Diagrams
                ⋅ Jennifer Wilson, Program Director, Environmental Sustainability, CIFAL
            Delegates discuss their assessment of competency levels & strengths; set priority
            areas & target levels for improvement.
1:30 p.m.   Presentation of River Diagrams.
2 p.m.      Water Supply & Trans-boundary Issues
                ⋅ Aris Georgakakos, Ph.D. Director, Georgia Water Resources Institute
                ⋅ George McMahon, Ph.D. Vice President, Technical Practice Director,
                    Water Resources, ARCADIS
                ⋅ Q&A
            Moderator: Dan Loudermilk, Pollution Prevention Engineer, P2AD, Georgia Department
            of Natural Resources
3:10 p.m.   Coffee Break
3: 30       Best Practice Sharing/Roundtable Discussion
            From the experiences shared in the previous panel session, delegates will share some of
            the challenges they face on the topic of water supply and / or transboundary issues, offer
            advice and concrete examples. In addition, delegates are expected to list resources with
            contact information.
4:15 p.m.   Water Efficiency & Conservation
               ⋅ Michael Farmer, Ph.D. Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural
                   and Applied Economics, Texas Tech University
               ⋅ Rebecca West, President-elect, Water Environment Federation
               ⋅ Anthony Gryscavage, Global Technical Marketing Manager, GE Water &
                   Process Technologies
               ⋅ Raul Hernandez Garciadiego, Founder of Agua Para Siempre and Director
                   General of Alternatives and Processes for Social Participation, Tehuacan,
               ⋅ Q&A
            Moderator: Dan Loudermilk, Pollution Prevention Engineer, P2AD, Georgia Department
            of Natural Resources
5:30 p.m.   Adjourn
6:30 p.m.   Reception and Dinner, World Trade Center Atlanta
               ⋅ Opening Presentation: Sally Bethea, Executive Director and Riverkeeper,
                   Upper Chattahoochee Riverkeeper
               ⋅ Proclamation Presentation: The Honorable Pedro Marin, Georgia State
               ⋅ Keynote Speaker: Jeff Kowal, P.E., President, Veolia Water North
                   America - South, LLC
Friday, June 6                                                                 World Trade Center Atlanta
8 a.m.         Breakfast
9 a.m.         Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation
                  ⋅  Darner Mora Alvarado, Director, National Water Laboratory, Costa Rica, & Gerardo Galvis,
                     Ph.D. Country Engineer, Pan-American Organization of Health-Costa Rica
                 ⋅   Paul Rush, Deputy Commissioner, New York City Department of Environmental Protection,
                     Bureau of Water Supply
                 ⋅   Peter Lochery, Water Director, CARE USA
                 ⋅   Rick Gelting, Ph.D., National Center of Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control
                     and Prevention
              Moderator: Lynette Cardoch, PhD, Director of Climate Change Commitment, MWH Global
10:30 a.m.    Best Practice Sharing during Concurrent Sessions
              Session A: Discussion of Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Best Practices
              Session B: Discussion of Water Efficiency & Conservation Best Practices
              From the experiences shared in the previous panel sessions, delegates will share some of the
              challenges they face on the topic of climate change mitigation and adaptation OR water conservation
              and efficiency, offer advice and concrete examples. In addition, delegates are expected to list
              resources with contact information.
11:30 a.m.    Coffee Break
11:45 a.m.    Knowledge Fair
12:30 p.m.    Lunch Panel: “Business Response to Climate Change and Water”
                  ⋅ Susan Glickman, Southern Region Director, The Climate Group
                  ⋅ Joe Rozza, Environment and Water Resources Department, The Coca-Cola Company.
              Moderator: Katie Kirkpatrick, Vice-President, Environmental Policy, Metro Atlanta Chamber of
2:00 p.m.     Draft Action Plans
2:30 p.m.     Coffee Break
2:45 p.m.     Climate Change Modeling Overview
                  ⋅ Kathleen A. Miller, Scientist, National Center for Atmospheric Research; lead
                      author, IPCC WG II Report, Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and
                  ⋅ Glen George, Ph.D. Visiting Professor, University College, London; Co-coordinator
                      of the Centre for Climate and Lake Impacts in Europe (CLIME)
               Moderator: Lynette Cardoch, PhD, Director of Climate Change Commitment, MWH Global
4:00 p.m.     Presentation of Action Plans
4:30 p.m.     Adjourn
   Annex V: List of Participants

Mitch Basefsky                                                  Arthur O. Buff
Public Information Officer                                      Water Sense Coordinator
Tuscon Water                                                    US Environmental Protection Agency, Region IV
City of Tuscon, Arizona                                         Water Management Division, 61 Forsyth St., S.W.
Mitch.Basefsky@tusconaz.gov                                     Atlanta, GA 30303
P: (520) 791-4331                                               Buff.arthur@epa.gov
                                                                P: (404) 562- 9336 F: (404) 562-8692

Sally Bethea                                                    Ellis Cadenhead
Executive Director and Riverkeeper                              General Manager
Upper Chattahoochee Riverkeepers                                Coweta Co. Water & Sewerage Authority
3 Puritan Mill                                                  230 East Newnan Road, Newnan, Ga., 30263
916 Joseph Lowery Blvd.                                         ecadenhead@coweta.ga.us
Atlanta, GA 3031
P: 404-352-9828 F: 404-352.8676

Erica Betts                                                     Lynette Cardoch. Ph.D
Volunteer & doctoral student                                    Director of Climate Change Commitment
Georgia Institute of Technology                                 MWH Global
Betts.erica@gmail.com                                           2655 LeJeune Road, Suite 320, Coral Gables, Fla., 33134
                                                                P: (786) 553-6633

Chris Browning                                                  Janice Davis
Assistant Director- Public Works Dept., Fulton County           Civil and Environmental Engineering
141 Pryor Street S.W., Ste. 6001                                Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, Ga.30303                                               Janice.davis@ce.gatech.edu
chris.browning@fultoncountyga.gov                               P: (404) 894-2217
P: (404) 612-7427 F: (404) 893-623

Sarah Dearman                                                   Oliver Ferrari
Pollution Prevention Assistance Division                        MarionEco LLC
Georgia Department of Natural Resources                         oliver@marionecological.com
7 Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive, SW, Suite 450, Atlanta, Ga.,   P: (404) 276-0667
Ananda Dissanayke                                            Bob Freeman
Team Leader, Community Water Supply and Sanitation          Sustainable Infrastructure & Decentralized
Project, Ministry of Water Supply                           Wastewater Construction & Technical Assistance Section -
Colombo, Sri Lanka                                          Water Management
dmula@eureka.lk                                             Divison 4 - Environmental Protection Agency
                                                            P: (404) 562 – 9244 F: (404) 562 - 9318

Martin Dorward                                              Roman M. Gau, PE
Vice President                                              Project Director
MWH Global                                                  ARCADIS U.S., INC.
100 Peachtree Street, Suite 1900, Atlanta, Ga., 30303       2849 Paces Ferry Road, Ste. 400
martin.dorward@mwhglobal.com                                Atlanta, GA 30339
P: (646) 467-0415                                           Roman.gau@arcadis-us.com
                                                            P: (770) 431-8666 F: (770) 435-2666

Nema Etheridge                                              Rick Gelting, Ph.D
Program Manager                                             Natural Center for Environmental Health
CIFAL Atlanta                                               Center For Disease Control
50 Hurt Plaza SE, Ste. 806                                  Atlanta, Georgia
Atlanta, GA 30303                                           Rug7@cdc.gov
netheridge@cifalatlanta.org                                 P: (770) 488- 7067
P: (404) 446-4178 F: (404) 446-4173

Michael Farmer, Ph.D                                        Aris Georgakokos, Ph.D
Associate Professor                                         Director
Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics            Georgia Water Resources Institute
Texas Tech University                                       Georgia Institute of Technology
michael.farmer@ttu.edu                                      arispg@aol.com

Glen George, Ph.D                                           Christopher Hebberd
Visiting Professor, University College, London.             Deputy Commissioner for Drinking Water
Co-coordinator of the Centre for Climate and Lake Impacts   Department of Watershed management
in Europe (CLIME)                                           City of Atlanta
Manchester, UK                                              Chris.Hebberd@atlwater.com

Galvis Gerardo, Ph.D                                        Raul Hernandez Graciadiego
Country Engineer                                            Founder, Agua para Siempre;
PanAmerican Health Organization                             Director General; Alternativas y Procesos de Participaction
Costa Rica                                                  Social A.C.
galvisge@gmail.com                                          Tehuacan, Mexico
Anthony Gryscavage, PE                                  Richard Holmes
Global Technical Marketing                              Director, Environmental Resources
GE Water & Process Technologies                         Southern Nevada Water Authority
Anthony.Gryscavage@ge.com                               100 City Parkway, Ste. 700
                                                        Las Vegas, Nevada 89106
                                                        P: (702) 862-3706 F: (702) 822-3360

Ul - Haq Islam                                          Chris Hornback
Managing Director                                       Senior Director, Regulatory Affairs
Water & Sanitation Agency                               National Association of Clean Water Agencies
Rawalpindi, Pakistan                                    1816 Jefferson Pl. NW, Washington D.C. 20036
islamhaq3@yahoo.com                                     chornback@nacwa.org
                                                        P: (202) 833-9106 F: (202) 833-4657

Donna Hartman                                           Tara Houda
Southeast U.S. and Caribbean Regional Manager & Green   Environmental Scientist
Leader                                                  Environmental Protection Agency
GE Water & Process Technologies                         Atlanta, Ga.
3239 Dundas Street West                                 houda.tara@epa.gov
Oakville, Ontario L6M 4B2

Robert Hunter                                           Hugo Lam
Commissioner                                            Director
Department of Watershed Management                      Department of Recreation and Parks- Park Conservation
City of Atlanta                                         and Community Outreach
Atlanta, Georgia                                        City of Baltimore
Rhunter@AtlantaGa.gov                                   2600 Madison Avenue
                                                        Baltimore, MD 21217

Dr Abel léon KALAMBAYI wa KABONGO                       Pex Langenberg
Secretary General of the Environment                    Counselor
Conservation of Nature, Water, and Forests              Transport, Public Works and Water Management
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo              The Royal Netherlands Embassy
                                                        4200 Linnean Ave., NW
                                                        Washington D.C., 20008
                                                        P: (202) 274-2735 F: (202) 537-5123

MWANAMBUYU KABALA                                       Peter Lochery
Chief of Division                                       Director
National Forests and Nature Conservation Program        Water
(“PNFoCo”)                                              CARE USA
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo              151 Ellis St.
fmasolo@yahoo.com                                       Atlanta, GA 30303
Marcia Kinstler                                      Dan Loudermilk
Director, Environmental Stewardship                  Pollution Prevention Engineer
The Georgia Institute of Technology                  Technical Assistance Program, P2AD
Lyman Hall, Rm 205 225 North Ave NW                  Georgia Department of Natural Resources
Atlanta, GA, 30332-0257                              7 Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive, SW, Suite 450
Marcia.Kinstler@ehs.gatech.edu                       Atlanta, Ga., 30334
P: (404) 894-9289 F: (404) 894-1647                  Dan.Loudermilk@dnr.state.ga.us
                                                     P: (404) 657-.5204 F: (770) 408-5664

Jeff Kowal, P.E.                                     Jo Ann Macrina, P.E.
President, Veolia Water North America - South, LLC   Deputy Director, Watershed Protection
Veolia Water North America                           Dekalb Co. Department of Watershed Management
4760 World Houston Parkway, Ste. 140                 1580 Roadhaven Drive
Houston, TX 77032                                    Stone Mountain, GA 30083
jeffrey.kowal@veoliawaterna.com                      jmacrina@co.dekalb.ga.us, lphylton@co.dekalb.ga.us
                                                     P: (770) 724-1460 F: (770) 621-7271

Ken Maynard                                          Kerry Norton
Director                                             Vice Consul - Science and Innovation
International Programs                               British Consulate-General, Atlanta
Water Environment Federation                         133 Peachtree Street, NE Suite 3400
Washington                                           Atlanta, GA 30303
kmaynard@wef.org                                     Kerry.Norton@fco.gov.uk
                                                     P: (404) 954-7738

Christine McKay                                      Oscar Parra, Ph.D
Program Analyst                                      Director
Watershed Management Office, Water Management        Centro de Ciencias Ambientales
Environmental Protection Agency                      University of Concepcion
61 Forsyth St. SW, Atlanta, GA 30303                 Concepcion, Chile
McKay.Christine@epa.gov                              oparra@udec.cl
P: (404) 562-9412 F: (404) 562-8692

George McMahon, Ph.D.                                Sarah Parsons
Vice President                                       Program Coordinator
Technical Practice Director, Water Resources         CIFAL Atlanta
ARCADIS                                              50 Hurt Plaza SE, Ste. 806
George.McMahon@arcadis-us.com                        Atlanta, GA 30303
                                                     P: (404) 4460-4178 F: (404) 446-4173

Alexander Mejia                                      David Purkey, Ph.D
Director                                             Director
CIFAL Atlanta                                        U.S. Water & Sanitation Group
50 Hurt Plaza SE, Ste. 806                           Stockholm Enviornment Instititute-US
Atlanta, GA 30303                                    dpurkey@sei-us.org
P: (404) 446-4170 F: (404) 446-4173
Kathleen Miller, Ph. D                                     Dorian Roffe-Hammond
Scientist III, National Center for Atmospheric Research;   Program Analyst
Denver, CO                                                 CIFAL Atlanta
Kathleen@ucar.edu                                          50 Hurt Plaza SE, Ste. 806
                                                           Atlanta, GA 30303

Mike Rosenberger                                           William Sukenik
CH2M Hill / Clean Water Atlanta                            Principal Engineer
Atlanta                                                    MWH Global
Mike.Rosenberger@ch2m.com                                  230 Peachtree St. NE, Ste. 500
                                                           Atlanta, Ga., 30303
                                                           P: (404) 979-6999 F: (404) 979-3131

Joe Rozza                                                  Ben Taube
Executive Assistant to the Vice President                  Executive Director
Environment and Water Resources                            Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance
The Coca-Cola Co.                                          P.O. Box 13909
Atlanta, GA                                                Atlanta, GA 30324
jrozza@na.ko.com                                           ben@seealliance.org
P: (404) 676-4764                                          P: (404) 931-1518

Paul Rush                                                  Adriaan Van Oosten
Deputy Director                                            Deputy Mayor
Bureau Water Supply                                        City of Zutphen, Netherlands
N.Y. City Department of Environmental Protection           nell.neal@minbuza.nl
New York, NY

Alya Singh-White                                           Rebecca West
Life Scientist                                             President-Elect
Environmental Protection Agency                            Water Environment Federation
61 Forsyth St. SW                                          Spartanburg, SC.
Atlanta, GA 30303                                          kmaynard@wef.org
P: (404) 562-9339

Cy Stober                                                  Jennifer Wilson
Water Resources Planner                                    Program Director, Environmental Sustainability
Piedmont Triad Council of Governments                      CIFAL Atlanta
2216 W. Meadowview Rd. Suite 201                           50 Hurt Plaza SE, Ste. 806
Greensboro, NC 27403                                       Atlanta, GA 30303
Cstober@ptcog.org                                          jwilson@cifalatlanta.org
                                                           P: (404) 446-4178 F: (404) 446-4173
Prepared by the International Center for the Training of Local Authorities – CIFAL Atlanta

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