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Affordable Energy News
The publication of the Massachusetts Affordable Reliable Electricity Alliance                                                              FALL 2008

FERC Commissioner Featured at Mass AREA
and NEEA Clean Energy Forum
        n October 2, 2008 more than 70            Group. Dr. Andrew Kadak of the                                 Joe Dalton, Director Government and
        business executives, regulators and       Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)                    Regulatory Affairs, Suez Energy North
O       policy makers attended an energy
forum co-sponsored by the Massachusetts
                                                  then gave a presentation on the future of
                                                  nuclear energy and its importance to the
                                                                                                                 Jack Alexander, Manager Government
Affordable Reliable Electricity Alliance (Mass    nation’s energy supply. The last speaker in                    Relations, Entergy
AREA), and the New England Energy                 the first half of the program, Bill Brier, vice                Helen Howes, Vice President,
Alliance (NEEA) titled, “Putting Clean Energy     president, policy and public affairs, Edison                   Environment, Health and Safety, Exelon
to Work For Massachusetts: Real solutions         Electric Institute spoke about the benefits                    Peter Kelly-Detwiler, Senior Vice
that reduce global warming and our                and importance of energy efficiency.                           President of Energy Technology Services,
dependence on foreign fuel.”                                                                                     Constellation
                                                  The second half of the program featured
                                                                                                                 Dan Weekley, Director, Northeast,
                                                  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
                                                                                                                 Government and Regulatory Affairs,
                                                  member Suedeen G. Kelly, who shared her
                                                                                                                 Dominion Resources
                                                  insights on the future of generation
                                                  resources, transmission and energy policy.                     Edward Krapels, Chairman, New
                                                                                                                 England Independent Transmission Co.
                                                  Commissioner Kelly then participated in an                     Mike Hachey, Director, Northeast Region,
                                                  executive roundtable during which                              TransCanada Power Marketing, Ltd.
                                                  participants engaged in a spirited                             Dr. Andrew Kadak, MIT
                                                  conversation about the development of the
                                                  renewable energy sector in Massachusetts                    The two and a half hour energy forum was
                                                  with a particular focus on transmission                     held at the offices of Brown Rudnick in
                                                  needs. The roundtable participants included:                Boston, MA. Copies of the speakers'
                                                    Janet Besser, VP Regulatory Affairs,                      presentations are available on the Mass
                                                    National Grid                                             AREA Web site at www.maarea.us. 2
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission member
Suedeen G. Kelly

The event, moderated by Peter Howe,
Business Reporter at New England Cable
News, began with presentations by Mass
AREA members and offshore wind project
developers, Cape Wind and the Blue H

       Inside this issue
   • ISO-New England
     Conference ............................3

   • Green Line's Approach to
      Massachusetts' Energy Future            4
   • MIT Makes Solar Energy
     Breakthrough ..........................5
                                                  Dr. Andrew Kadak of MIT giving his presentation on the future of nuclear technology.
New England Energy Alliance Survey Finds Public                                                                                                      Fitchburg Manufacturer to go “Off Grid”
Misconceptions about Electricity Generation                                                                                                          with Proposed Biomass Plant
         recent survey on energy issues          produce 70 percent of New England’s              electricity generation is needed to back-up
         conducted for the New England           electricity.                                     natural gas-fired generating plants during               itchburg, MA manufacturer Simonds           The biomass plant will work by burning             reduced to a 10 MW facility if the local
A        Energy Alliance found that New
Englanders have significant misconceptions       Reality: Natural gas is currently the
                                                                                                  times when natural gas demand exceeds
                                                                                                  pipeline capacity and/or supply availability.      F     International, has proposed plans to
                                                                                                                                                           build a biomass gasification plant that
                                                                                                                                                                                                       the woodchips and using steam to
                                                                                                                                                                                                       produce all of the electricity needed at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          grid is unable to accept the excess power
about the technologies, fuels and costs of       predominant electricity- generating                                                                 would produce and supply power to its             Simonds, essentially taking the
electricity generation. Three misconceptions     fuel.                                            Misconception #2: Wind generating                  manufacturing facility. The biomass plant         manufacturer “off the grid.”                       In addition to the $2 million in savings
in particular, if unaddressed, could             Almost all of the generating plants built in     facilities produce the cheapest                    will use woodchips as its fuel source and                                                            already estimated, Simonds will be able to
incorrectly skew public policy and influence     New England over the past decade have            electricity.                                       be built on Simonds’ existing property.           “The proposed biomass project will                 save another $125,000 by using the steam
private investment decisions involving           been natural gas-fired due to their low          The majority of New Englanders believe                                                               eliminate the use of coal and fossil fuels to      from the biomass plant to heat its building
electricity supply infrastructure and            capital costs, fuel supply availability, high    that wind generating facilities produce the        Said James P. Sweeney, president of CCI           generate our electricity and significantly         and other area companies.
programs to minimize energy demand.              efficiency and low-carbon emitting               cheapest electricity. A much needed and            Energy of Plymouth, “This is one of the           reduce Simonds’ cost of electricity, which is
                                                 operations. According to ISO New England,        desired energy source, wind generation             basics we can do, along with solar and            over $2 million a year,” said Kenneth R.           “This is the most exciting project I have
Misconception #1: Oil is the predominant         about 40 percent of the region’s electricity     currently comprises less than 1 percent of         wind power.”                                      Myer, vice president of procurement at             worked on in 36 years here,” Mr. Myer
fuel used to generate electricity.               is produced by natural gas.                      the region’s electricity supply.                                                                     Simonds.                                           said. “It is a win, win, win, win situation.”
A significant majority of New Englanders                                                                                                             CCI Energy is set to build and operate the                                                           Taking these new savings into
believe that oil-fired generating facilities     The region’s increasing dependency on            According to the American Wind Energy              biomass plant for Simonds.                        According to Mr. Myer, Simonds will use            consideration, Simonds International will
produce the largest percentage of                natural gas should be a growing concern          Association, the cost of electricity from                                                            only 5 to 10 percent of the electricity            be able to continue to operate in
electricity in the region. Imported oil,         because a diversified fuel mix provides the      wind energy varies widely depending upon           If everything goes as planned, the 176 year       produced, and sell the rest to the local           Fitchburg. The company currently employs
however, generates just 4 percent of the         greatest hedge against supply interruptions.     the wind speed at a given project site.            old cutting tool manufacturer expects to have     grid.                                              150 people full time, continuing to add to
region’s electricity — a significant reduction                                                    Importantly, however, advanced                     the plant, already touted as the largest in the                                                      the local tax base.
from the early 1970s when it was used to         Interestingly, the majority of oil used for      technologies are now enabling wind                 state if built, up and running by December of     “The balance of excess power will be sent
                                                                                                                                                     2009. Costs for construction are estimated at     out…to the lines for anyone else that              As of press time, it was not known if
                                                                                                                             Continued on page 7 >   $46 million, with the plant producing             needs power,” Mr. Myer said. He also               financing was approved for the biomass
                                                                                                                                                     upwards of 15 megawatts of power.                 added that the biomass plant will be               plant. 2

New Patrick Administration Computer Power Policy to Save
Millions of KWs and Dollars                                                                                                                          Energy Issues Get Full Airing at ISO New England Conference
      tate government is expected to save         and Environmental Affairs (EEA) Secretary        systems comprise those exempt from part              ndependent System Operator New                  • Realizing the full potential of renewable        In addition to the keynotes and panels,
      more than $2 million annually while         whose office includes the Leading by             or all of the standard because they are              England (ISO-NE) sponsored a                      resources to improve electricity reliability,    there was a vendor showcase displaying
 S    using 12 million fewer kilowatts of
 electricity under a new computer power
                                                  Example Program. “Making sure we power
                                                  down computers and workstations during
                                                                                                   used for public safety, traffic monitoring,
                                                                                                   or other critical purposes where the
                                                                                                                                                     I  conference and vendor showcase on
                                                                                                                                                     September 18 and 19 titled, “Lights
                                                                                                                                                                                                          efficiency, and fuel diversity                   innovative industry products and services
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           from the energy world. 2
 management standard that requires that           periods of inactivity can potentially reduce     standard would not be appropriate. The            Power Action.” The event was held at               • Incorporating demand resources into
 Executive Branch agency computers be             the energy they use by 95 percent.”              standard was developed over six months            the Renaissance Boston Waterfront Hotel              both day-to-day market operations and
 shut down or switched to energy-saving                                                            by ITD and an inter-agency team that              and over 450 people attended.                        long-term system planning
 “sleep mode” when not in active use.             Bowles pointed out that state savings from       included EEA and its Departments of
                                                  the new policy could increase significantly      Energy Resources and Environmental                Attendees and speakers at the two-day              Mass AREA advisor Dr. Patrick Moore a
 Part of Governor Deval Patrick’s Leading by      if it is adopted by the 29 state colleges and    Protection, the Executive Office of Health        conference learned about and discussed             world-renowned ecologist, environmentalist,
 Example Program to reduce energy use             universities, and dozens of non-executive        and Human Services, the Operational               the strategies that must be pursued to             co-founder and former leader of Greenpeace             Published by the Massachusetts Affordable
 and costs, the Enterprise Desktop Power          branch agencies and authorities.                 Services Division and the Department of           assure New England’s electric energy               also addressed the conference and spoke                        Reliable Electricity Alliance

 Management Standards announced in                                                                 Revenue.                                          future.                                            about the importance of developing                                Ten Milk Street, Suite 411
 September are among the most far-                “We’re excited to release workstation                                                                                                                 alternative energy sources while preserving                Boston, Massachusetts 02108-4600
 reaching computer power standards in the         energy standards that will help agencies         The new policy mandates that most                 The conference featured keynote speeches           the environment, meeting growing demand                          Telephone: 617-259-1791
 country. The policy is estimated to cut          achieve immediate efficiencies and save          computer monitors be placed in sleep              by Federal Energy Regulatory Commission            for power, and overcoming local opposition                        Website: www.maarea.us
 state agencies’ carbon emissions by about        money,” added Anne Margulies, Chief              mode after ten minutes of inactivity and          Chairman Joseph T. Kelliher and Chairman,          to the siting of new plants.                                      Contact: info@maarea.us
 5,051 tons per year – roughly equal to the       Information Officer at the Division of           be shut off whenever the workstation is           President and Chief Executive Officer, of                                                                               Circulation: 12,000

 volume of CO2 emitted from driving 925           Information Technology (ITD), which              shut down or in standby mode. It requires         Northeast Utilities System, Charles W.             During his speech Dr. Moore placed a particular
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        MASS AREA Leadership
 cars or providing electricity to 669 homes       developed the standards in collaboration         that screen saver options not be enabled,         Shivery.                                           emphasis on nuclear power and the need for
 for one year.                                    with an inter-agency team. “Although the         since they may increase a system’s energy                                                            the continued operation and relicensing of                           Joyce McMahon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Director of Communications
                                                  energy saved for each PC seems like a            use. Most computers must be set to sleep          Panel discussions with key policymakers,           the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Plant in Plymouth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Bill Stewart
 “Nationally, office equipment accounts for       small step, they add up to big savings for       after 30 minutes of inactivity and turned         senior executives, and energy experts              and other nuclear facilities in the region in                   Director of Development &
 up to 10 percent of total annual electricity     the Commonwealth - $2 million per year.”         off during non-business hours unless              focused on:                                        order to help meet Regional Greenhouse Gas                          Member Programs
 consumption in commercial buildings –                                                             administrative duties must be performed.                                                             Initiative carbon emissions reduction targets.                       Lauren Mauriello
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Execurtive Director
 and that’s without considering the               About 80 percent of the Executive Branch’s       Each agency is responsible for developing         • Balancing economic, environmental, and
 additional energy needed for office cooling      approximately 40,000 computers are               its own compliance strategies, ranging              energy considerations through policy and         Following Dr. Moore’s speech, there was a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  MASS AREA is a non-profit 501(c)(6) organization.
 due to waste heat emitted from computers         expected to be covered by the new power                                                              technology                                       luncheon held with several Mass AREA
 and monitors,” said Ian Bowles, Energy           management standard. The remaining                                                                                                                    members.
                                                                                                                             Continued on page 7 >

2• Affordable Energy News                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fall 2008 Issue • 3
M A S S       A R E A          M E M B E R             S P OT L I G H T

Green Line - An Innovative Approach to
Massachusetts’s Environmental and Energy Future

               assachusetts is emerging as a national leader in the                                                                                 not.” Wald reports that the 90 MW Maple Ridge Wind farm near                 transmission lines that support wind development, while New
               area of green power and environmental sustainability                                                                                 Lowville, N.Y., a project qualified to sell renewable energy credits to      England is just getting started. ISO-NE is now undertaking studies
   M           with the passage of five new energy and environmental
   initiatives in the last legislative session. Consequently, aggressive
                                                                                                                                                    the Massachusetts market, “has been shut down even with a brisk
                                                                                                                                                    wind blowing,” because “the regional electric lines have been so
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 that look at the economic benefit of installing projects like Green Line
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 that will facilitate the development of new green power resources.
   goals for energy efficiency, the creation of green jobs, and                                                                                     congested.” (Matthew Wald, “Wind Energy Bumps Into Power
   increased use of renewable energy resources have become the                                                                                      Grid’s Limits,” New York Times, August 26, 2008.) North-south                Green Line is an innovative, environmentally benign transmission
   cornerstone of Governor Patrick's administration. Meanwhile,                                                                                     transmission congestion has been a problem in New England. As                project that will keep Massachusetts and Boston at forefront of
   thanks to Mayor Menino’s leadership, Boston is ranked as the                                                                                     more renewable energy projects get built in Maine, the grid will             solving complex energy and environmental issues. More about
   8th most sustainable city in the United States and sits on the                                                                                   become more congested, and like in New York, projects that get               the project can be found at its web site at
   EPA’s top ten list of green power purchasers.                                                                                                    built may not be able to operate when the wind blows.                        www.greenlineproject.com or by contacting Stephen Conant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 at New England Independent Transmission Company at
   To stay at the forefront of addressing complex energy and                                                                                        Investment in transmission infrastructure is pivotal if the full potential   781-246-9851.
   environmental issues, Boston and the Commonwealth will                                                                                           of the renewable resources to the north are to be realized. Texas,
   need innovative projects that support the development of                                                                                         California, and Colorado have already taken steps to develop                 Text courtesy of Green Line. 2
   green power resources in an economic and environmentally
   sustainable way. Green Line is such a project – a 140-mile sub-
   sea transmission line that will deliver of 660 megawatts (MWs)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Photo: Donna Coveney
   of power from northern Maine directly to downtown Boston.                                                                                       MIT Researchers Make a
   Expansion of the line to 1,200 MW would allow power to be
   delivered into southeastern Massachusetts.                              Green Line will use HVDC technology and submarine cabling               Breakthrough with Solar Energy
                                                                           to get power to the highly congested area of downtown
   Green Line is being developed by New England Independent                Boston. Just as NSTAR’s underground 345 kV AC project                          esearchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)          The research advancement
   Transmission Company, LLC, and includes many of the same                eliminated Boston’s reliance on the aging New Boston station                   have developed a major breakthrough by harvesting energy               uses photosynthesis as a
   principals who developed the Neptune Project (see
   www.NeptuneRTS.com). One of the most successful
                                                                           in South Boston, Green Line will forestall the need to build
                                                                           new power plants in the city. Green Line’s HVDC converter
                                                                                                                                                   R      from the sun on a large scale and storing excess energy for
                                                                                                                                                   future use.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 model: Nocera, along with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 post doctorate fellow
   transmission projects completed in the last decade, Neptune is          station will act as a 660 MW generator in Boston, but without                                                                                         Matthew Kanan, use the solar
   a subsea 65-mile high voltage direct current (HVDC) 660 MW              air or water pollution problems.                                        Up to now, solar energy could only be used during daylight hours              power to break water down
   project that links New Jersey and Long Island, New York.                                                                                        because of the costs associated with it, as well as the inefficient           into oxygen and hydrogen
   Completed on time and on budget in July 2008, Neptune has               Green Line also addresses a fundamental problem within the              storage methods available. Daniel Nocera, MIT’s Henry Dreyfus                 gases during the day.
   saved Long Island consumers hundreds of millions of dollars             New England electric grid – how to move more power north                Professor of Energy and the senior author of the research paper,              According to the researchers,
   since it began operation.                                               to south. If Massachusetts wants to get 25 percent of its               said in a statement, “Solar power has always been a limited, far-off          “Later, the oxygen and
                                                                           energy from renewable resources by 2030 and reduce                      solution. Now we can seriously think about solar power as                     hydrogen may be                Daniel G. Nocera, the Henry Dreyfus Professor
   HVDC technology applied to underwater projects is not new.              greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent by 2050, large                   unlimited and soon.”                                                          recombined inside a fuel cell, of Energy at MIT, has developed a simple
   Submarine HVDC cables have been operating since the 1950s.              quantities of green generation are needed. And Massachusetts                                                                                                        creating         method to split water molecules and produce
   Today there are more than 20 projects operating around the              is not alone. Maine, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode                                                                                                              carbon-free      oxygen gas, a discovery that paves the way for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                large-scale use of solar power.
   world. They have been installed at lengths of up to 360 miles           Island, and Vermont all want to use more renewable energy.                                                                                                          electricity to
   and in water depths up to 3,330 feet. Neptune was the first             The non-profit public policy group Environment Northeast has                                                                                                        power your house or your electric car, day or night.”
   subsea installation in the United States. A second is being             reported that 8,000 MWs of new wind generating capacity
   installed that will provide power to San Francisco. And a third         will be needed if New England is to meet its legislative goals                                                                                                       The process, which can work with any renewable
   is under development in New York City.                                  for using renewable power.                                                                                                                                           energy source, is aided by catalysts comprised of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                cobalt metal, phosphate and an electrode, which is
   Submarine cable installation has many advantages over                   Large-scale offshore wind projects can increase wind                                                                                                                 then combined with another catalyst made of
   traditional overhead lines, especially when used to service             production in Massachusetts, however, even with these                                                                                                                platinum, thereby duplicating photosynthesis. Nocera
   congested urban areas where new overhead lines are                      projects, much more will be needed. Northern New England                                                                                                             and Kanan report that the catalyst works in neutral
   unacceptable. DC cables laid along the ocean bottom take a              and Canada stand ready to fill the gap. Last April, Maine                                                                                                            water at room temperature and is relatively easy to
   fraction of the right-of-way width of AC lines that carry the           Governor Baldacci signed a law to facilitate the development                                                                                                         set up in residential homes and larger buildings alike.
   same amount of power. No right-of-way management is                     of 3,000 MW of new wind projects. But building new wind
   needed and there are no unsightly overhead lines to                     projects is not enough. As energy reporter Matthew Wald wrote                                                                                                        “This is a major discovery with enormous
   interrupt people’s view. HVDC systems are also extremely                recently in the New York Times, “The dirty secret of clean energy                                                                                                    implications for the future prosperity of humankind,”
   reliable.                                                               is that while generating it is getting easier, moving it to market is                                                                                                said James Barber, the Ernst
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Continued on page 8 >
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Chain Professor of Biochemistry

4• Affordable Energy News                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Fall 2008 Issue • 5
                                                                                                                                                                                     Continued from page 6 >

New England Energy Alliance Survey                                                     Continued from page 2 >
                                                                                                                                                       UMass Creates Nuclear Science Task Force
generating facilities to produce electricity      legislatively mandated by Massachusetts,          Reality: Wind is not suitable as a base
that is cost competitive with other fuels.        Connecticut and Rhode Island, collected           load source of electricity, but is                        n July 12, 2008, the University Of          The second is to take a look at how the
Wind facilities have no fuel costs, but they do   through a surcharge on electricity bills; and     essential to meet carbon emission                         Massachusetts (UMass) Board Of              energy needs we are faced with could be
have maintenance and substantial capital
development costs that must be recovered
                                                  2) costs associated with state renewable
                                                  portfolio standards that require the region’s
                                                                                                    reduction targets
                                                                                                    The need for base load capacity — power
                                                                                                                                                       O      Trustees voted unanimously to
                                                                                                                                                       approve the creation of a task force to
                                                                                                                                                                                                          helped with nuclear. We need to take a
                                                                                                                                                                                                          look at what other states are doing in
over periods of significant intermittent          electric utilities to purchase a specified        plants that operate continuously — have            research nuclear science and technology in         regards to nuclear. Nuclear not only
operation (the vagaries of Mother Nature).        percentage of electricity supply from             been steadily increasing as the economy and        Massachusetts.                                     creates low cost clean energy, but also has
                                                  qualified renewable generation sources — or       consumer lifestyles require around-the-clock                                                          a strong economic impact with tax
Reality: Nuclear generating facilities            make an alternative payment collected from        electricity. According to ISO New England,         The vote requested that the University of          revenues and jobs. We are going to take a
produce low cost electricity                      ratepayers that is applied towards renewable      demand for electricity is growing by just          Massachusetts Lowell, led by Chancellor            look, policy-wise, on how we can use
The Nuclear Energy Institute reports that on a    resource development.                             under one percent each year. As demand             Martin Meehan, Provost Ahmed Abdelai               nuclear to drive up our economy here in
per kilowatt-hour basis, existing nuclear                                                           continues to grow, increasing base load            and supporting faculty and staff, conduct          the Commonwealth.
energy facilities generate the cheapest           Misconception #3: Wind generating                 generation will be critical.                       analyses of the nuclear educational and
electricity at about 1.76 cents per kWh,          facilities can be relied upon for 24/7                                                               research enterprise and recommend how              LM - Why do you think nuclear power is
followed by coal at 2.47 cents per kWh.           operations                                        A major effort to construct more wind              to maximize the University core                    such a tough sell?
Electricity generated from natural gas and oil    Most New Englanders also incorrectly              generating facilities is essential if the region   capabilities to best fit the needs of nuclear
is more expensive at 6.78 and 10.26 cents         believe wind generating facilities can be         is to meet its carbon emission reduction           technology, education and research now             RL - In Massachusetts and beyond we
per kWh respectively. Based on studies by the     relied upon for 24/7 operations. A wind           target agreed to under the Regional                and into the future.                               need to be educated on nuclear power and                                        Richard Lawton, University of Massachusetts Board
American Wind Energy Association, state-of-       plant is “fueled” by the wind which blows         Greenhouse Gas Initiative. In the absence of                                                          its benefits. Nationally the support for                                        of Trustees member and chairman of the UMass
the-art wind plants in high-wind states can       steadily at times and not at all at other         additional technological breakthroughs,            The focus of the committee will be critical        nuclear is growing every day. Since oil prices                                  Nuclear Task Force.
generate electricity at about 5 cents per kWh     times, often running at less than full            however, wind facilities will be limited to        analysis of nuclear energy in Massachusetts        and electricity costs are so high, I think that
(although this is not always the case).           capacity.                                         about 30 percent or less of the region’s           and a review of the state’s energy                 Massachusetts as a whole is going to take a                                      LM - What would you like to see happen
                                                                                                    generating capacity because of intermittent        challenges, as well as the economic benefits       more realistic approach to nuclear and what                                      on a state level to increase nuclear power
Generic calculations show that even with          A generating facility’s “capacity factor” is      operational constraints that require back-up       of a nuclear initiative in the Commonwealth        it can bring to our energy mix. It’s the                                         in Massachusetts?
the high capital costs of new nuclear             one way of measuring its productivity. It         supplies and other measures to limit               of Massachusetts.                                  cleanest, most affordable and safest power
facilities, they can produce electricity at a     compares the plant’s actual production            potential impacts on the stability of the                                                             source out there.                                                                RL - At the end of the day we don’t know
cost as low as the most cost efficient wind       over a given period of time with the              electrical grid.                                   The task force is chaired by UMass Board           LM - What do you think the greatest                                              where this task force is going to go, but the
generating facility. The very high operating      amount of electricity the plant would have                                                           of Trustees member Richard Lawton, who             benefit to nuclear power is?                                                     University is taking a comprehensive and
availability of nuclear energy plants             generated had it run at full capacity.            The annual telephone survey was conducted by       recently interviewed with Executive Director                                                                                        analytical approach to nuclear. The state has
(operating continuously “round-the-clock”)        Nuclear power plants — and other large            Opinion Dynamics for the New England Energy        of Mass AREA Lauren Mauriello about the            RL - Nuclear is clean, that is the bottom line.                                  looked into wind and solar, however if there
contributes to their low electricity              base load power plants — have the                 Alliance in April 2008 and included 600            project.                                           It doesn’t release any harmful substances                                        is no wind and no sun where will our
production costs.                                 highest capacity factors because they run         registered voters (consumers) proportionately                                                         into the environment. France has over                                            energy come from. It’s all about education
                                                  continuously unless idled for maintenance.        distributed throughout New England. The            Lauren Mauriello (LM) - What do you                50 reactors and it’s the size of Texas. France                                   and I think with time Massachusetts will
Most consumers are also apparently unaware        The American Wind Energy Association              margin of error is +/- 4 percent.                  think the most important steps are that            also has the cleanest air in the world.                                          fully embrace nuclear energy. 2
that the price of renewable electricity           references capacity factors of 25 to 40                                                              can be taken so Massachusetts has clean
generation (which includes wind) in New           percent for wind energy facilities --             The New England Energy Alliance is a               and affordable electricity?
England is made more affordable by state          although off-shore facilities (like the           coalition of energy providers, business and
taxpayer assistance including: 1) subsidies       proposed Cape Wind Project) may achieve           trade organizations concerned about future         Richard Lawton (RL) - We have to take a
from consumer-funded renewable programs           higher capacity factors.                          energy supplies. 2                                 look at all of our energy sources and we                                                   Yes! I want to join the Massachusetts Affordable Reliable Electricity Alliance.
                                                                                                                                                       need to find alternative fuel sources that
                                                                                                                                                       are clean and efficient, and I think that               I support your efforts to educate communities regarding the necessity for safe, reliable energy and advocacy to
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ensure that Massachusetts has an ample and reliable electricity supply and economic prosperity for years to
                                                                                                                                                       nuclear is something that can lead the
Computer Power Policy                                                                                                                                                                                          come.* Enclosed is my tax-deductible contribution of:
                                                      Continued from page 2 >                                                                          way in that regard.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Associate Member:                      $50       Other $ ______________________________________________________
from employee education and monitoring            energy use in state agencies while                 Patrick issued an Executive Order in April of     LM – Tell me a little more about the task
programs to use of central software to            benefiting the environment at the same             2007 requiring state agencies to cut              force.                                                  Business/Labor Member: Contribution Amount: $______________________________________________________
make agency-wide computer setting                 time. Computer power management is a               greenhouse gas emissions by reducing                                                                         Check Enclosed
changes.                                          great low-cost way not only for states, but        energy consumption in state facilities,           RL - The UMass system is a great asset to
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mail to: 10 Milk Street, Suite 411, Boston, MA 02108-4600
                                                  for any organization to reduce energy              expand use and purchase of renewable              the Commonwealth. The University is
“Massachusetts is the first state that we         expenditures and at the same time reduce           energy, adhere to green building standards        always exploring new ways to approach                   Signature: ____________________________________________________________________________________
know of that is taking steps to fully             their carbon footprint.”                           and reduce water use.                             things like economic growth and housing                 Name: ______________________________________________________________________________________
implement power management across all                                                                                                                  issues and has wanted to take a look into
of its agencies and computer networks             Massachusetts state government                     In concert with contracts used to acquire         the energy crisis. Back in July the                     Address:     ____________________________________________________________________________________
and, not surprisingly, is the first state to      contributes more than one million tons of          computers and workstations and provide            University took a unanimous vote to form                City/State/Zip Code: ____________________________________________________________________________
join the EPA ENERGY STAR Low Carbon IT            greenhouse gases to the atmosphere                 for their recycling and disposal, the             a nuclear task force.
program,” said Steve Ryan, Program                annually – the equivalent of emissions             Administration’s new Enterprise Desktop                                                                   Telephone:
Manager of the ENERGY STAR Low Carbon             generated by over 200,000 cars driven for          Power Management Standards address the            It’s a two faceted task force. One side is to           Email:     ______________________________________________________________________________________
IT Program. “By taking this action,               one year. Acknowledging this impact and            lifecycle environmental impacts of state-         look into how the University can expand
                                                                                                                                                                                                               * Conditions of membership apply. For more details send inquiries to info@maarea.us. MASS AREA is a 501(c)(6) IRS Tax-Exempt
Massachusetts can significantly reduce the        its environmental consequences, Governor           owned computer equipment. 2                       upon their nuclear Program in Lowell to                   Organization that advocates for reliable, affordable, and clean energy solutions, as well as conservation measures, for all of Massachusetts.
                                                                                                                                                       meet the needs of the growing energy field.

6• Affordable Energy News                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Fall 2008 Issue • 7
Mass AREA Advises Consumers to Take Action to
Reduce Winter Heating Costs
Heating costs will likely be more this winter than last. In order to lessen that blow, the best way to save is to be more energy efficient.
What follows are some measures – from simple and less expensive to more time consuming and difficult (e.g. you might need to hire a
contractor) – to help you save money this coming winter season and beyond.

   Low-cost Easy Ways to Save                                              Moderate Effort
   • Turn down the temperature of your water heater to the warm            • Install a programmable thermostat which can save you about
     setting (120°F).                                                        $100 per year.
   • Clean or replace furnace and heat-pump filters regularly              • When it’s time to replace an old appliance, make sure to
   • Install low-flow shower heads and faucet aerators                       purchase one has earned the ENERGY STAR® label. Any extra
   • Change the five most-used lights in your home to compact                upfront cost will be recouped with years of savings
     fluorescent lamps and you’ll save more than $60 every year in         • Insulate hot water pipes and ducts wherever they run through
     energy costs                                                            unheated areas
   • Unplug that second, old refrigerator! Today’s models use at           • Make sure your water heater has an insulating blanket
     least 40 percent less energy than even the conventional               • Seal up the largest air leaks in your house. The worst culprits
     models sold in 2001.                                                    are utility cut-throughs for pipes and vents/fans, gaps around
   • Lower your thermostat – for every degree you shave about 2              chimneys, recessed lights in insulated ceilings, electric outlets,
     percent off your heating bill.                                          and unfinished spaces behind cupboards and closets.
   • Weather strip doors and windows – properly air sealing cracks           Reducing air leaks could cut 10 percent from an average
     and openings in your home can significantly reduce heating              household’s monthly energy bill.
     and cooling costs, improve building durability, and create a          • Regularly service your heating system
     healthier indoor environment                                          • Add insulation to attic floor and basement ceiling
   • Use Power Strips – plug your electronics into power strips –
     especially televisions and computers. When you’re done using          More Effort/Perhaps Hire a Contractor
     them, turn the power strip off to prevent the stand-by mode           • Install new energy efficient windows and entry doors
     that draws unnecessary electricity                                    • If your walls aren’t insulated have an insulation contractor
   • Keep fireplace dampers closed whenever your fireplace is not            blow cellulose into the walls.
     in use and install glass doors for even more savings                  • Plant evergreens on the north and west side of your home to
   • Use the air dry setting on your dishwasher                              deflect wind in winter
   • Keep shades and curtains open during the day on the south side
     of your home to allow solar heating. Close them at night to           Remember – any and all energy efficiency measures taken can
     retain heat                                                           reap benefits and savings for years to come! 2

MIT Researchers                       Continued from page 5 >

at Imperial College London. “The                  that in 10 years, homeowners will be

                                                                                                                                                              Photo: Tom White, MIT
importance of their discovery cannot be           able to power their homes through their
overstated since it opens up the door for         own fuel cells, making electricity
developing new technologies for energy            received by wire from utilities a thing of
production thus reducing our dependence           the past.
for fossil fuels and addressing the global
climate change problem.”                          “This discovery in the Nocera lab
                                                  demonstrates that moving up the
Although more work needs to be done to            transformation of our energy supply
incorporate Nocera and Kanan’s work into          system to one based on renewables will            MIT researchers have developed a new catalyst, consist-
current photovoltaic systems, the                 depend heavily on frontier basic science,”        ing of cobalt metal, phosphate and an electrode. When
researchers are confident that it’s only a        said Energy Initiative Director Ernest            the catalyst is placed in water and electricity runs
matter of time.                                   Moniz.This solar power project is part of         through the electrode, oxygen gas is produced. When
                                                                                                    another catalyst is used to produce hydrogen gas, the
                                                  the MIT Energy Initiative and the school’s
                                                                                                    oxygen and hydrogen can be combined inside a fuel cell,
”This is just the beginning,” said Nocera.        Solar Revolution, both which promote the          creating carbon-free electricity to power a house or an
“The scientific community is really going         research aimed at helping to meet future          electric car, day or night.
to run with this.”Nocera is anticipating          global energy needs. 2

                                                                                                                               Fall 2008 Issue • 8

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