CAT Scans Gordon Dutton What is a CAT scan? The name stands for computerized axial technology. A more advanced procedure of an x-ray. Involves a computer to give doctors cross sectional views and also 3-D images of different structures of the body and also internal organs. How does the CAT Scan work? A computer process these images to give cross-sectional pictures of the body, called tomograms. In each of these tomograms they show an “x-ray slice” of the body. A collection of these “slices” can be added to produce a 3-D picture of the body to be studied. What is the use for a CAT Scan? To find to find abnormal and normal structures in the body and helps to accurately guide the placement of instruments or treatments. To analyze internal structures of the body. Can identify head injuries, blood clots, tumors, and problems in the spine and skull. Can measure bone density to evaluate osteoporosis accurately. Benefits Painless Can greatly help doctors locate abnormalities within the body. Can guide radiologists in performing biopsies if cancer is suspected, removing body fluids for different types of tests. Doing so can greatly reduce the need for surgery and yet will accomplish the same goal. Some of the Risks Very low risk, however some minor side effects, (itching, rashes, etc.). However medications are commonly used to treat these. Patients with kidney failure, diabetics or ones who are constantly dehydrated were denied CAT Scans. BUT, today’s improvements have eliminated the problems those faced. In Conclusion….. This device has greatly advanced the science of medicine and how doctors can diagnose certain problems in patients. Many surviving cancer patients have been through this procedure and rid or minimized the effects of cancer. Many patients with cancer, blood clots and osteoporosis have had their lives saved due to the doctors using the tomographs to analyze the problem.