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Unit 2 Importance of Wildlife Management

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					Unit 2: Importance of Wildlife
         Management
Essential Question

   Why is it important for everyone to have knowledge
    about wildlife and wildlife management?
                Wildlife
        What does it mean to you?

   Hunter – deer, quail, turkey
   Sheep producer – coyote
   Poultry producer – mink, weasel, skunk,
    raccoon
   Gardener – butterfly, birds, deer
   Wildlife enthusiast – cardinals, woodpeckers,
    etc.
               Defining Wildlife

   Wildlife is anything living that is
    undomesticated; including vertebrates,
    invertebrates, and plants
   Domesticate – bring under the control of
    humans
   Vertebrate – having a backbone
                Wildlife Categories

   Game – deer, turkey, quail, grouse
   Furbearer – fox, bobcat, rabbit
   Migratory birds – ducks, dove, geese
   Unprotected and non-game – beaver, mice,
    rats
   Protected – alligator, sea turtles
    –   All bird species are federally protected except
        English sparrow, pigeon, and European starling
    –   All non-venomous snakes are protected
                   Uses of Wildlife

   Consumptive Use – harvesting animals or
    plants for use by humans
    –   Animal or plant is killed
    –   Hunting
   Non-consumptive Use – observing wildlife
    without harming it
    –   Animal or plant is left alone
    –   Bird watching
        Positive Values of Wildlife

   Commercial
   Recreational
   Biological
   Aesthetic
   Scientific
   Social
             Commercial (economic)

   Sale of wildlife for wildlife products
   Raising animals for hunting or fishing
   Economic values:
    –   Hunting – $12 billion
    –   Fishing – $8 billion
    –   Tourism – $30 billion
   In Georgia
    –   8500 jobs relate to hunting ( 411,000 in US)
    –   $11 million in sales tax
    –   $4 million in income tax
                      Recreational

   Hunting and fishing
   Watching
   Photography
   Recreational Trends (% increases)
    –   Bird watching – 155%
    –   Hiking – 94%
    –   Backpacking – 73%
    –   Primitive Camping – 58%
    –   RV driving – 44%
    –   Walking - 43
                          Biological

   Value of the biological relationship between
    humans and wildlife is difficult to measure
   Examples:
    –   Pollination of crops
    –   Soil improvement
    –   Water conservation
    –   Control of parasites
                             Aesthetic

   Measure of beauty
   Not measurable in economic terms
   Can contribute to the mental well being of humans
    –   Wildflower project
                      Scientific

   Often benefits humans
   Has existed since beginning of time
    –   Early humans watched animals to determine which
        plants and berries were safe to eat
                       Social

   Difficult to measure
   Wildlife has the ability to enhance the value of
    their surroundings just by their presence
   Provide humans the opportunity for variety in
    outdoor recreation, hobbies, and adventure
        What is wildlife management?

   The art and science of manipulating a wildlife
    system to achieve a desired goal.
    –   Implies manipulation and conservation
    –   Includes biology, ecology, sociology, politics, law,
        and more
    –   Manipulate people, animal populations and habitats
        to achieve human goals
                           Buzz words

   Conservation – the wise use of resources;
    ensures resources will be available for future
    use
   Preservation – non-use; nature is left alone
    with no human interference
    –   Nature will change plant and animal communities
            Bobwhite quail live in fields, but not forests
                      Buzz words

   Management – controlling or manipulating
    wildlife populations and/or their habitat
    –   Increase populations – plant food for quail, thinning
        timber for turkey
    –   Decrease populations – deer in soybeans
   Habitat – physical area in which a wildlife
    species lives
    –   Wooded areas, dry areas, mountains, etc
           Approaches to Wildlife
               Management

   Species richness approach – provide a
    mixture of areas in different plant stages.
    Supports many different species
   Featured species approach – provide a
    habitat for one selected species
             Why manage wildlife?

   Tangible
    –   Leasing rights for hunting or outdoor recreation
        (hiking, boating)
    –   Helps pay property costs
   Intangible
    –   Observing wildlife
    –   Recognition for conservation efforts
                    Assignment

   Read Trophy Rooms… article
   Write your opinion on why or why not you think
    wildlife management is necessary.
    –   6-8 paragraphs

				
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posted:7/6/2011
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