Poetry Learning Objective: To revise the techniques used in a poem. Simile Metaphor Personification Rhyme Rhythm Adjectives Onomatopoeia Theme Alliteration Assonance Sonnets in Shakespeare‟s time generally had limited themes. They were usually about love, nature, time and beauty. They often made women unreachable – often making them almost angelic, immortalising them in poetry. Sonnet 18 Have a look at sonnet 18. 1. Work out how the woman is perceived by the author. 2. What is the position of the male here? Have a look at „Sonnet of a Chavette‟ – expertly prepared for you by an unknown source (who wants no credit for it whatsoever) Sonnet 130 Learning Objective: To annotate the poem, analysing the poetic techniques used. Sonnets – usually had themes of unrequited love, beauty, nature and time. This one has: 14 Lines 3 Quatrains 1 Rhyming Couplet It‟s written in iambic pentameter (a mixture of stressed and unstressed syllables to keep the beat) …and a rather different take on things… Anne Hathaway Learning Objective: To explore the feelings and ideas in Duffy‟s poem „Anne Hathaway‟. Think of as many euphemisms/metaphors for a sexual encounter that you can. Sex is like … Remember, it must be appropriate for class E.G. … a world of art … a sea of waves Anne Hathaway was married to Shakespeare. She was 8 years his senior and bore three of his children. This poem is written by Carol Anne Duffy, a prominent poet in our country at the moment. Duffy has written the poem from Hathaway‟s POV; it also has the structure of a sonnet, though does not have a regular rhyme scheme or syllable count like Shakespeare‟s does (perhaps this is a signifier to the fact that it has been written in the modern era, retrospectively). 1. What message is the poet attempting to get across? 2. How does she talk about her lover (and how does this compare/contrast with the other poem) 3. Look for techniques used and comment on how that shows feelings/attitudes and ideas- -Metaphor -Punctuation (which is an aspect of structure) -Romantic and literary language -Alliteration 4. Look at the closing couplet – how does this compare/contrast to the other poem? Themes: Love Memory (Links – closing couplets) Anne Hathaway Learning Objective: To analyse the techniques used in „Anne Hathaway‟. Form: Sonnet (has fourteen lines and rhyming couplet – has theme we would expect: love, memories Language: literary, romantic, poetic, highly Metaphorical, adjectives „spinning‟ „shooting‟ Structure: Multiple clauses for narrative-like feel; TURNING POINT: Hathaway reveals that the „next best bed‟ was extraordinary to her (at the start we probably thought the second best bed was inferior to the „best‟) • Answer the questions on the sheet using the point, quote, comment form. Make sure that you allude to how this may generate different responses/interpretations from readers, as this will ensure that you achieve a higher grade. Ben Jonson Learning Objective: To analyse Jonson‟s elegy „On my first Sonne‟ • Ben Jonson (1572-1637) - Was one of the most important poets of his time. Also write plays and was a friend of Shakespeare. • Elegy - a sad poem or song, especially remembering someone who has died or something in the past Write an elegy for someone you love that you have lost. This could be a pet, or even a person. The poem can be in any format that you like – it can have rhyming couplets or may not even rhyme at all. The important thing is that you demonstrate feelings of love, hope, loss and memory in the same way that Jonson does. Ben Jonson Learning Objective: To comment on Jonson‟s elegy „On my first Sonne‟ Being Creative In Your Analysis: Phrases such as „it makes the reader want to read on‟ or „it adds emphasis‟ … do not get As or A*s When looking at a particular technique, you need to look at the words that are being used and suggest possible interpretations: Living, laughing love The alliteration used here adds lyricism to the poem, further emphasising the aspects of Shakespeare that Anne Hathaway supposedly loved. Words such as „living‟ imply that Hathaway‟s love will never die, and evokes feelings of celebration and joy, despite the fact that the main subject is dead. Try it with a different line: My lover's words were shooting stars which fell to earth as kisses on these lips Alliteration is used by Duffy to … Duffy – Before You Were Mine Learning Objective: To look at the poem „Before You Were Mine‟ and to analyse the themes, attitudes and ideas. Describe what your parents were like before you were born. You may describe how they used to look (and dress – groan!) and their hobbies/ personalities. 1. What impact do you imagine that your birth had on your parents? 2. Did they have to stop any of these activities? Write a humorous, cheesy rhyme/story entitled „Before You Were Mine‟ for your parents. Minimum required: Poem = 10 lines Story = 2 paragraphs Mum. Before You Were Mine you dressed poorly, Your hair was awful and you looked dorky; I love the way your clothes resemble the „glamour‟ of the 80s „revolution‟; But frankly you should have been in a fashion institution. Dad. Before You Were Mine your taste in music was laughable, And so on … Armitage: Kid Learning Objective: To decode the roles of heroes and anti-heroes in relation to the poem „Kid‟. Who would you want to rescue you? List the qualities of both … The poem is a dramatic monologue by Robin the Boy Wonder, the loyal sidekick to Batman in the comic strips, television programmes and films. Robin talks about how he has separated from Batman and is learning to lead his own, independent life. In the process he publicises some of Batman's secrets so that we see the 'superhero' in a new light. Robin ends up stronger and more mature. The poem is often humorous but has a serious message too. Listen to the opening of the batman episode … … now try to sing the poem to the tune … So … the rhythm is like the series (adds to satirical tone) Write a narrative in a similar style to this one from the position of Armitage: Mother, any distance Learning Objective: To think about the relationships that we have with others, and how they change over time. List the things that you want to do when you are free from your parents: Be on your own? To date whoever you like, without question? Can you describe the feelings you will experience when you leave your parents for the first time? Is there a part of you that will miss them? What specific things will you miss? (they don‟t have to be BIG things) Task: Draw a mini-timeline of your life, charting the activities that you take part in that you start to do on your own … Robert Browning: The Laboratory Learning Objective: To explore the themes of evil in relation to the poem „The Laboratory‟ Mind-Map List/map all of the obsessions that you have (or the obsessions that humans tend to have) Put your psycho hats on … … how would you get rid of a lover? Form: Monologue Structured in rhyming couplets … how might we interpret this? … as opposed to like a conversation? Armitage: Hitcher Learning Objective: To explore the poem „Hitcher‟ and to compare it with „The Laboratory‟ What does a hitch-hiker look like? Hitcher: You want to Hitch-hike back home. You have been out with your friends and for whatever reason, you have to get a lift home. Put your psycho hats on … … again … A red Corsa swerved around the bend. The (wo)man stopped the vehicle, prompting me to get in. (S)he looked happy and pleasant; I had no reason to be afraid. Or so I thought. Armitage: Hitcher Learning Objective: An analysis of (with notes) Robert Browning: My Last Duchess Learning Objective: To look specifically at language in relation to the poem Politeness: Euphemisms are phrases that soften the effect of something else so that it is less harsh in some way. Let‟s have a look at some … She‟s dead.(She‟s passed away) Ethnic Cleansing Adult Entertainment Batting for the other side Collateral Damage Do your business Hankie Pankie It fell off the back of the truck Madonna Hankie Pankie Robert Browning: My Last Duchess Learning Objective: To analyse language in MLD Let‟s look at the questions and compare the form and structure of the poems: Robert Browning: My Last Duchess Learning Objective: continued … Language: Power Sinister Flippant Polite Duffy: Havisham Learning Objective: To decide how fantastic Miss‟ artist skills are compared to Mr Barber … - If you were jilted on your wedding day, what would be your course of action ? Enjambment: When lines run on from each other – Beloved sweetheart bastard. Not a day since then I haven‟t wished him dead. - Familiarise yourself with the poem „The Laboratory‟ - Get ready to be averagely impressed … Duffy - Stealing Learning Objective: To explore the idea of theft in relation to „Stealing‟ If you could steal anything, what would it be? Give us your top three „steals‟! Stealing is a part of human life. It is natural to steal – animals do it all the time. Write a short two/three paragraph narrative about stealing something. Make it as fantastical as you can – but not silly. Leave it on a cliff hanger … A 54 Karat Diamond? Pair of Jimmy Choos? A Bugatti Veyron? Or … a snowman? What are the themes of the poem? You annotate the poem. Metaphor Tone Form Structure Violence/ Repetition What does the mirrors/sigh image tell us? Which stanza is the odd one out? What does the alliteration highlight in the first stanza? List all the words first. Duffy - Stealing Learning Objective: To comment on the techniques used in the poem. Re-familiarise yourself with the poem. What are the themes of the poem, in your opinion? What violent verbs can you see? What colloqualisms can you find? Armitage - Homecoming Learning Objective: To explore the poem „Homecoming‟. Poem invites us to look at two things separately, then put them together. It is vague, but it is about something that happened in the past, which needed to be put right – this is the “Homecoming” of the title.
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