Police Strategic Assessment by szr61493

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									     2010/11 STRATEGIC ASSESSMENT

DACORUM COMMUNITY SAFETY PARTNERSHIP

            DECEMBER 2009
Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ........................................................................................................ 3
INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 5
ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................ 8
ANTI SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR .................................................................................................. 8
CRIMINAL DAMAGE............................................................................................................ 10
VEHICLE CRIME ................................................................................................................... 13
ALCOHOL RELATED CRIME .............................................................................................. 15
DRUG OFFENCES.................................................................................................................. 17
BURGLARY DWELLING ...................................................................................................... 19
BURGLARY OTHER.............................................................................................................. 21
REASSURANCE ..................................................................................................................... 22
YOUTH CRIME AND DISORDER........................................................................................ 23
CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................................ 25




                                                                    2
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The aim of the Partnership annual strategic assessment is to identify both current
crime and disorder issues and the trends emerging, and to inform the community
safety action plan.

The Priorities originally identified during the 2009/2010 strategic assessment were:

Anti-social behaviour including criminal damage
Vehicle Crime
Alcohol Related Violence
Youth Diversion/Engagement
Reduce Burglary
Reassurance
Combat Drugs Markets


After using the prioritisation matrix shown on the next page the priorities for 2010/11
have remained broadly speaking the same, with slight variations on the wording
around the youth and drugs priorities. The Partnership is recommending the following
priorities should be adopted:


Anti Social Behaviour and Criminal damage
Dwelling/Other Burglary
Alcohol Misuse
Vehicle Crime
Drug Misuse
Reassurance
Youth Related Crime and Disorder




It should be pointed out that those priorities not recommended for the strategic
assessment will still be monitored by the Partnership throughout the year, in
particular Violent Crime and Domestic Violence.




                                          3
   PRIORITISATION MATRIX
   Taking the above analysing into account, prioritisation of issues is further established
   using the matrix below:
   Key: High concern = 3, Medium concern = 2, Low concern = 1

THE ISSUE /     The problem     The           The           The problem     Community        Other            Overall   Included as
                is bigger in    problem is    problem       is              engagement       considerations   score     a priority ?
PROBLEM         our area than   bigger in     causes        deteriorating   indicates this
                other           our area      significant                   problem is a
                problems        than in       harm                          real concern
                                other areas

ASB and            2               2            2             2                2             Public            11        YES
Criminal                                                                                     Concern
Damage (inc.
Fires)
Dwelling /         2               2            3             2                1             Police            10        YES
Other                                                                                        Priority
Burglary
Domestic           2               1            3             1                1                                8        NO
Violence
Environment        1               2            1             2                2                                8        NO
al Crime
Alcohol            2               1            2             2                3             National          10        YES
Misuse                                                                                       Agenda
Vehicle            2               3            2             2                2                               11        YES
Crime
Theft from         1               2            1             2                1                                7        NO
person
Drugs              2               3            2             2                2                               11        YES

Violent Crime      2               1            3             1                1                                8        NO

Youth              3               2            3             2                3             Perception        13        YES
Related                                                                                      Surveys
Crime &
Disorder
Race Hate          1               2            2             2                1                                8        NO
Crime
Reassurance                      NOT          SCORED                                                                     YES




                                                                  4
INTRODUCTION
The aim of the Partnership annual strategic assessment is to identify both current
crime and disorder issues and the trends emerging, using both statistical and
anecdotal evidence from all the Partnership agencies, informing the prioritisation of
work and the setting of targets. These targets will inform the annual community
safety action plan, which the Partnership will aim to deliver during 2010/11.

The purpose of the assessment is to ensure the Partnership have a detailed
understanding of all crime and disorder issues across the Borough, allowing for
informed, problem solving activities to take place in line with the priorities identified.
The data used in the assessment covers the period 1 October 2008 to 30 September
2009.



Background

Dacorum is a mixture of urban and rural communities in West Hertfordshire. It has a
population of around 138,400 people, more than half of whom live in Hemel
Hempstead. The market towns of Berkhamsted and Tring are situated in the more
rural areas of the Borough. There are approximately 58,000 dwellings of which
around 18% (10,600) are owned by the Council.


The Partnership consists of a Members Forum that meets twice a year and is chaired
by the portfolio holder for Community Safety and Public Protection. The Responsible
Authorities Officers Group is the executive decision making group that meets
quarterly. The Joint Action Group is where much of the core work is done and this
group meets on a monthly basis.
Looking back at the last year
As at the end of September 2009 we had also achieved a reduction in all crime of 3%
on the previous year. The table below shows changes in selected crime types for the
period 1 October 2008 to 30 September 2009 comparing it with the previous year.




                                         DACORUM
                                         Oct 07 to   Oct 08 to   Volume %
                                         Sep 08      Sep 09      Change Change
All Crime                                  9576        9241       -335    -3%
BCS Comparator Crimes                      5693        5364       -329    -6%
Serious Acquisitive Crime                  1950        1919        -31    -2%
Burglary Dwelling                          444         537        +93    +21%
All Vehicle Crime                          1531        1338       -193   -13%
All Robbery                                 55         100        +45    +82%
Theft from a vehicle                       1100        991        -109   -10%
All Violent Crime                          1530        1382       -148   -10%
All Criminal Damage                        2362        2092       -270   -11%
Arson                                       70          52         -18   -26%
Burglary Other (Non Domestic Burglary)     620         683        +63    +10%
Shoplifting                                698         754        +56    +8%
Theft from the Person                      169         227        +58    +34%
All Drugs Offences                         447         525        +78    +17%
Distraction Burglary                        29          39        +10    +34%




As can be seen in the table above we have had success in our 2009/10 priorities
around criminal damage and vehicle crime, we also achieved a reduction of 1.5% in
anti social behaviour. Dwelling burglary has not seen a reduction and coupled with a
sharp increase in commercial burglary must remain a priority for the Partnership.

Looking at Dacorum against its most similar families as outlined by the Government
Iquanta reporting tool we show up quite well in most crime types. The chart relating
to all crime is shown.




                                           6
7
ANALYSIS

ANTI SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR
Anti Social Behaviour records cover a wide range of incidents and are collated by both the
Police and Council.

Police and Council data recording of ASB incidents cross over into other areas of interest
e.g. criminal damage, street drinking and drug/substance misuse, which should be
considered in association with those areas of interest when assessing those priority areas.

Additionally Police ASB data includes information on categories which are only available to
Police, e.g. Malicious Communications, Hoax Calls to Emergency Services, etc

To assist future assessments it would be useful for subcategories which relate to other
priority areas, i.e. alcohol misuse, drugs, criminal damage, etc to be extracted and assessed
separately from ASB incidents. This data could then be included in assessment of those
priority areas to provide a more comprehensive picture.




POINTS OF INTEREST

Hemel Hempstead Town Centre (1326), Grovehill (783) and Highfield (687) wards recorded
the highest number of Police recorded ASB incidents for the 12 months assessed.

Watling Ward (394), Grovehill (353) and Highfield (346) wards recorded the highest number
of Council recorded ASB incidents for the 12 months assessed.

Substantial decreases were recorded in Rowdy/Nuisance incidents (22%), Vehicle Nuisance/
Inappropriate Vehicle Use (21%) and Litter/Rubbish (21%)

There was a 31% (121) increase in reports of Animal Problems from the previous year.

Overall there was a 1.5% (163 incidents) decrease in reported ASB incidents from 10675 to
10512.




                                              8
SUMMARY

Hemel Hempstead Town Centre, Grovehill and Highfield wards recorded the highest number
of Police recorded ASB incidents for the 12 months assessed.

Watling Ward, Grovehill and Highfield wards recorded the highest number of Council
recorded ASB incidents for the 12 months assessed.

Substantial decreases were recorded in Rowdy/Nuisance incidents (22%), Vehicle Nuisance/
Inappropriate Vehicle Use (21%) and Litter/Rubbish (21%)

There was a 31% increase in reports of Animal Problems from the previous year.

Overall there was an 18% decrease in reported ASB incidents from the 2007/08 year.


INTELLIGENCE GAPS

The following information, if available, would be of value to future assessments and assist
proactive programs to reduce crime.

   Crime data has been extracted from Hertfordshire Constabulary’s crime information
    system (CIS) using iBase.
   All dates related to date of recording on CIS.
   Mapping has been completed using the Northgate XD mapping system directly using the
    data extracted through iBase. There are some incidences where data cannot be mapped,
    or is mapped incorrectly. These exceptions are usually small in number, and will be
    indicated within the report.
   Where data comes from other sources, this is clearly indicated within the report.




                                              9
CRIMINAL DAMAGE
Criminal Damage accounts for 21% (2126 of 10002) of all recorded offences in the Crime
and Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) of Dacorum.

Based on data taken from iQuanta for the above period, Dacorum sits 4th out of the 10
CDRP’s in Hertfordshire, with an average of 15.01 Criminal Damage offences per 1000
residents

For the previous year, 2007/08, Criminal Damage Offences accounted for 21% (2465 of
12019) of all recorded offences in the CDRP. Dacorum was above the average when
compared to its 15 most similar CDRP’s. This represents a 14% decrease in Damage
Offences compared to 2007/08.



                                        Dacorum Criminal Damage

 300




 250




 200




                                                                                          2007/08
 150
                                                                                          2008/09




 100




  50




   0
       Oct    Nov   Dec    Jan    Feb      Mar        Apr   May   Jun   Jul   Aug   Sep




                                                 10
POINTS OF INTEREST

Hemel Hempstead Town Centre (246), Grovehill (220) and Highfield (204) wards recorded
the highest number of Criminal Damage offences for the 12 months assessed.

15% (320 of 2126) of offences were detected.

When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is above the average of 14.97
with 15.01 offences per 1000 residents. Based on long and short term projections it is
anticipated that Criminal Damage offences will continue to decrease.

Council data records damage incidents within Anti Social Behaviour statistics. These show
20 incidents of criminal damage (including damage to buildings, street furniture and
trees/hedges, etc) along with 301 incidents of graffiti giving a total of 321 incidents for
2008/09.

This is a decrease of 26.3% from the previous 12 months which recorded 24 incidents of
criminal damage and 411 of graffiti, giving a total of 435 recorded incidents.

Fire Service records show 300 deliberately set fires for the 12 months assessed. Highfield
(48) and Grovehill (34) wards recording the highest number of fires attended. December
(31), April (34) and August (32) recorded the highest monthly number of deliberately fires.

This is an increase on the previous 12 month period (240) where Highfield (35) recorded the
highest number of fires during 2007/08.


                                Dacorum Deliberate Fires

  45

  40

  35

  30

  25
                                                                                    2007-08

  20                                                                                2008-09


  15

  10

   5

   0
       Oct   Nov   Dec   Jan   Feb   Mar   Apr    May   Jun   Jul   Aug   Sep




                                             11
SUMMARY
Hemel Hempstead Town Centre, Grovehill and Highfield wards recorded the highest number
of Criminal Damage offences for the 12 months assessed.

Graffiti has decreased over the 12 months assessed compared to incidents recorded in
2007/08.

Fire Service records show a 15.3% increase in deliberately set fires for the 12 month period
assessed compared to 2007/08. Highfield had the most deliberately set fires for both years

When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is above the average number of
offences per 1000 residents. Based on long and short term projections it is anticipated that
Criminal Damage offences will continue to decrease.



INTELLIGENCE GAPS
The following information, if available, would be of value to future assessments and assist
proactive programs to reduce crime.


   Crime data has been extracted from Hertfordshire Constabulary’s crime information
    system (CIS) using iBase.
   All dates related to date of recording on CIS.
   Mapping has been completed using the Northgate XD mapping system directly using the
    data extracted through iBase. There are some incidences where data cannot be mapped,
    or is mapped incorrectly. These exceptions are usually small in number, and will be
    indicated within the report.
   Where data comes from other sources, this is clearly indicated within the report.
   It should be noted that information from iQuanta, where crime data is used to compare
    across CDRP’s, this has been nominalised by showing crime rates per 1,000 households
    or per 1,000 residents, to provide a fairer comparison.




                                              12
VEHICLE CRIME
Vehicle Crime accounts for 12.38% (1238 of 10,002) of all recorded offences in the Crime
and Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) of Dacorum.

Vehicle Crime comprises Thefts from a Vehicle (9.9% or 991 offences) and Theft of a Vehicle
(2.47% or 247 offences)

Based on data taken from iQuanta for the above period, Dacorum sits 4th out of the 10
CDRP’s in Hertfordshire, with an average of 7.15 Theft from a Vehicle offences per 1000
residents.

In relation to the Theft of a Vehicle offences, Dacorum sits 2nd out of the 10 CDRP’s in
Hertfordshire, with an average of 2.1 offences per 1000 residents.

For the previous year, 2007/08, Thefts from a Vehicle accounted for 8.86% (1098 of 12,389)
of all recorded offences in the CDRP. Dacorum was above the average when compared to
its 15 most similar CDRP’s

Theft of a Vehicle accounted for 3.16% (392) of all recorded offences for 2007/08. Dacorum
was slightly above the average when compared to its 15 most similar CDRP’s

This represents a 17% decrease of all Vehicle Crime compared to the previous year. Thefts
from a Vehicle decreased by 9.75% and Theft of a Vehicle decreased by 37%



                                        Dacorum Vehicle Crime

   180


   160


   140


   120


   100
                                                                                        2007/08
                                                                                        2008/09
    80


    60


    40


    20


     0
         Oct   Nov   Dec    Jan   Feb    Mar     Apr     May    Jun   Jul   Aug   Sep




                                                13
THEFTS FROM VEHICLE


POINTS OF INTEREST

May 2009 recorded the highest monthly total with 95 offences. The months of April and May
have had the highest number of offences in this CDRP for the past 3 years. Additional
analysis is required to assess possible explanations for this trend and develop proactive
programs for the future.

Adeyfield East (90), Watling Ward (66) and Hemel Hempstead Town Centre (62) wards
recorded the highest number of Thefts form a Vehicle for the 12 months assessed.

2.6% (26 of 991) of offences were detected, down from 5% the previous year.

When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is above the average of 5.98
with 7.15 offences per 1000 residents. Based on long and short term projections it is
anticipated that Thefts from Vehicles will continue to decrease. Additional analysis is required
to identify influencing factors for this trend.


THEFT OF VEHICLE

POINTS OF INTEREST
May 2009 recorded the highest monthly total with 37 offences. As with Thefts from Vehicles
above, the months of April and May have had the highest number of offences for the past 3
years. Additional analysis is required to assess possible explanations for this trend and to
develop proactive programs for the future.

Bovingdon & Flaunden (25), Adeyfield East (21) and Highfield (18) wards recorded the
highest number of Theft of a Vehicle for the 12 months assessed.

5.6% (14 of 247) of Theft of Vehicle offences were detected, down from 16.3% the previous
year.
When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is above the average of 1.94
offences per 1000 residents with 2.1. Based on long and short term projections it is
anticipated that Theft of Vehicle offences will continue to decrease.


SUMMARY

Dacorum has had a decrease in Vehicle Crimes and an increased detection rate over the
past twelve months however Dacorum remains above the average for similar CDRP’s for
both types of crimes.

The months of April and May have had the highest number of offences for both crime types
in this CDRP for the past 3 years.

Adeyfield East, Watling Ward and Hemel Hempstead Town Centre wards recorded the
highest number of Thefts from a Vehicle for the 12 months assessed.



                                              14
Bovingdon & Flaunden, Adeyfield East and Highfield wards recorded the highest number of
Theft of a Vehicle for the 12 months assessed.

INTELLIGENCE GAPS
The following information, if available, would be of value to future assessments and assist
proactive programs to reduce crime.



   Crime data has been extracted from Hertfordshire Constabulary’s crime information
    system (CIS) using iBase.
   All dates related to date of recording on CIS.
   Mapping has been completed using the Northgate XD mapping system directly using the
    data extracted through iBase. There are some incidences where data cannot be mapped,
    or is mapped incorrectly. These exceptions are usually small in number, and will be
    indicated within the report.
   Where data comes from other sources, this is clearly indicated within the report.




ALCOHOL RELATED CRIME
Alcohol Related crime records both offences in which alcohol is a primary ingredient of the
offence (i.e. Drink Driving) as well offences where it is recorded alcohol misuse was a
contributory factor in the offending.

Offences in which Alcohol was recorded with a Modus Operandi code accounts for 9.7%
(970 of 10,002) of all recorded offences in the Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership
(CDRP) of Dacorum.

For the previous year, 2007/08, Alcohol related Offences accounted for 11.7% (1453 of
12,389) of all recorded offences in the CDRP. This represents a 33.25% decrease in alcohol
related offending compared to 2007/08.


POINTS OF INTEREST
Hemel Hempstead Town Centre (198) and Corner Hall (92) wards recorded the highest
number of Alcohol related offences for the 12 months assessed.

71.6% (695 of 970) of offences were detected.

The most prevalent alcohol related offences for the period assessed were Assaults (28.75%,
279 of 970), Vehicle/Driving offences (21%, 205), Theft (11.33%, 110) and Damage (11%,
107).

During the assessment period 9 test purchases were carried out by Council staff within the
Dacorum CDRP. 1 premise failed the test. During the previous 12 months 2007/08, 12 test
purchases were carried out with 2 premises failing.




                                              15
                                Dacorum Health Data - Alcohol Related Admissions

    350




    300




    250




    200
                                                                                              2007 / 08
                                                                                              2008 / 09
    150




    100




    50




     0
                Q1                    Q2                       Q3                  Q4


SUMMARY
Hemel Hempstead Town Centre and Corner Hall wards recorded the highest number of
Alcohol related offences for the 12 months assessed.

The most prevalent alcohol related offences for the period assessed were Assaults,
Vehicle/Driving offences, Theft and Damage.
INTELLIGENCE GAPS
The following information, if available, would be of value to future assessments and assist
proactive programs to reduce crime.

         Details of the last location where alcohol was consumed and/or where alcohol was
          purchased to identify problem locations/premises to develop harm reduction
          strategies. (These may include targeting problem premises, shops and
          education/publicity campaigns)

         Although some data in relation to drug and alcohol treatment is available, drugs and
          alcohol are treated as a single issue; therefore it is difficult to ascertain if there are
          different levels for illegal drugs versus readily available alcohol, or whether the
          majority of people being supported had issues with both drugs and alcohol.
         Comparative information for adult alcohol abusers to that which is available for
          adolescents.


     Crime data has been extracted from Hertfordshire Constabulary’s crime information
      system (CIS) using iBase.
     All dates related to date of recording on CIS.
     Mapping has been completed using the Northgate XD mapping system directly using the
      data extracted through iBase. There are some incidences where data cannot be mapped,
      or is mapped incorrectly. These exceptions are usually small in number, and will be
      indicated within the report.
     Where data comes from other sources, this is clearly indicated within the report.



                                                      16
DRUG OFFENCES

Drug offences are usually an indication of Police activity as opposed to a measure of actual
drugs usage, that is Police count and record the drugs which are found during operational
activity, and this is not an indication as to the extent of drugs usage.

Any increase/decrease in Police drugs statistics may be due to changes in Police activity, as
well as changes within the drug market.

It should also be noted that Police drugs data is assigned geographically to where the drugs
are found, therefore, if a particular ward contains a Police station or other establishment
where drugs are searched for i.e. a prison, nightclub etc, it is more likely to have drugs
activity linked. Further analysis would be required to ascertain how frequently this happens.

A better measure of drugs activity from Police data would be to use calls into Police.
However, Hertfordshire Constabulary have only recently changed their classification of calls
to Police to include an entry for drugs, whereas prior to the new classification broad
categories such as anti-social behaviour, crime etc. were used, which could be feasibly be
used for drug related information.

Unfortunately, this does not assist the collation of a cohesive assessment when working
strategically, but may be overcome by more detailed analysis in the future.

Drug Offences accounts for 4% (407 of 10,002) of all recorded offences in the Crime and
Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) of Dacorum.

Based on data taken from iQuanta for the above period, Dacorum sits 8th out of the 10
CDRP’s in Hertfordshire, with an average of 3.8 drug offences per 1000 residents

For the previous year, 2007/08, Drug Offences accounted for 4% (497 of 12,389) of all
recorded offences in the CDRP. Dacorum was above the average when compared to its 15
most similar CDRP’s. This represents an 18% decrease in Drug Offences compared to
2007/08.


POINTS OF INTEREST

January 2009 recorded the highest monthly total with 35 offences.

Hemel Hempstead Town Centre (76), Bennetts End (49) and Bovingdon & Flaunden (42)
wards recorded the highest number of Drug offences for the 12 months assessed.

94% (383 of 407) of offences were detected.

When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is above the average of 2.8 with
3.8 offences per 1000 residents. Based on long and short term projections it is anticipated
that Drug offences will continue to increase.

Data available from the Adolescent Drug & Alcohol Service for Hertfordshire (ADASH) for the
period April 2008 to June 2009 shows 16% (123 of 790) of service users being supported by
this service came from the Dacorum CDRP area.



                                              17
Established to support service users aged less than 18 years, 73% (90) of the service users
were aged over 16 years. 80% (99) of service users during this period were male.

Drugs of choice (in order of preference) as indicated by these users are; Skunk, Alcohol,
Cannabis, Cocaine.




SUMMARY
Hemel Hempstead Town Centre, Bennetts End and Bovingdon & Flaunden wards recorded
the highest number of Drug offences for the 12 months assessed.

Data available from the Adolescent Drug & Alcohol Service for Hertfordshire (ADASH) for the
period April 2008 to June 2009 shows 16% of service users being supported by this service
came from the Dacorum CDRP area.

Established to support service users aged less than 18 years, 73% of the service users were
aged over 16 years. 80% of service users during this period were male.

Drugs of choice (in order of preference) as indicated by these users are; Skunk, Alcohol,
Cannabis, Cocaine.

When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is above the average number of
offences per 1000 residents. Based on long and short term projections it is anticipated that
Drug offences will continue to increase.




INTELLIGENCE GAPS
The following information, if available, would be of value to future assessments and assist
proactive programs to reduce crime.

   *   Further breakdown of users of drug services to ward level if available.

   *   Further analysis into the extent of recorded drug activity against the reporting Police
       station and the prison.

   *   Comparative information for adult drug users to that which is available for
       adolescents.

   *   Data from Health services (including Ambulance Service) of persons treated for drug
       abuse

   *   Although some data in relation to drug and alcohol treatment is available, drugs and
       alcohol are treated as a single issue; therefore it is difficult to ascertain if there are
       different levels for illegal drugs versus readily available alcohol, or whether the
       majority of people being supported had issues with both drugs and alcohol.




                                               18
*   Crime data has been extracted from Hertfordshire Constabulary’s crime information
    system (CIS) using iBase.
*   All dates related to date of recording on CIS.
*   Mapping has been completed using the Northgate XD mapping system directly using the
    data extracted through iBase. There are some incidences where data cannot be mapped,
    or is mapped incorrectly. These exceptions are usually small in number, and will be
    indicated within the report.
*   Where data comes from other sources, this is clearly indicated within the report.
*   It should be noted that information from iQuanta, where crime data is used to compare
    across CDRP’s, this has been nominalised by showing crime rates per 1,000 households
    or per 1,000 residents, to provide a fairer comparison.




BURGLARY DWELLING
Burglary Dwelling accounts for 5.5% (550 of 10,002) of all recorded offences in the Crime
and Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) of Dacorum. Based on data taken from iQuanta
for the above period, Dacorum sits 8th out of the 10 CDRP’s in Hertfordshire, with an average
of 9.41 Domestic Burglary offences per 1000 households.

Only East Hertfordshire (8.1) and North Hertfordshire (6.62) have lower rates of offending.

For the previous year, 2007/08, Burglary Dwelling accounted for 3.82% (474 of 12,389) of all
recorded offences in the CDRP. This placed Dacorum 10th out of the 10 CDRP’s in
Hertfordshire, with an average of 8 Domestic Burglary offences per 1000 households, and
below the average when compared to its 15 most similar CDRP’s

This represents a 16% increase compared to the previous year and is reflected by the move
from 10th to 8th place amongst Hertfordshire CDRP’s




                                             19
                                        Dacorum Dwelling Burglaries

 100


  90


  80


  70


  60

                                                                                              2007/08
  50
                                                                                              2008/09

  40


  30


  20


  10


   0
       Oct    Nov   Dec    Jan    Feb       Mar        Apr   May      Jun   Jul   Aug   Sep




POINTS OF INTEREST

December 2008 recorded the highest monthly total with 78 offences. The 4 months of
November 2008 to February 2009 accounted for 45% (250 of 550) of all domestic burglary
for the CDRP.

Leverstock Green (38), Highfield (36) and Grove Hill (36) wards recorded the highest number
of domestic burglaries for the 12 months assessed.

15% (83 of 550) of Burglary Dwelling offences were detected, up from 8.8% the previous
year.

When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is slightly below the average of
9.43. Based on long term predictions it is anticipated that Domestic Burglary levels will
remain at about the same level. Short term projection shows a marginal decrease.




                                                  20
BURGLARY OTHER
Burglary Other accounts for 6.7% (678 of 10,002) of all recorded offences in the CDRP of
Dacorum. Based on data taken from iQuanta for the above period, Dacorum sits 1st out of
the 10 CDRP’s in Hertfordshire, with an average of 4.92 non-domestic Burglary offences per
1000 residents.

For the previous year, 2007/08, Burglary Other accounted for 5.0% (620 of 12,389) of all
recorded offences in the CDRP. This placed Dacorum 4th out of the 10 CDRP’s in
Hertfordshire, with an average of 4.5 non-domestic Burglary offences per 1000 residents.
This represents a 9.3% increase on the previous year.


POINTS OF INTEREST

September 2009 recorded the highest monthly total with 75 offences.

Grovehill (69), Hemel Hempstead Town Centre (64), Bovingdon & Flaunden (64) and Watling
Ward (59) wards recorded the highest number of non-domestic burglaries for the 12 months
assessed.

12.7% (86 of 678) of Burglary Other offences were detected, up from 8.8% the previous year.

When compared with the 15 most similar CDRP’s, Dacorum is below the average of 5.34
with 4.92. Based on long and short term predictions it is anticipated that non-domestic
Burglary levels will increase.
                                        Dacorum Burglary Other

 100


  90


  80


  70


  60

                                                                                              2007/08
  50
                                                                                              2008/09

  40


  30


  20


  10


   0
       Oct    Nov    Dec    Jan   Feb     Mar        Apr   May   Jun   Jul   Aug   Sep




                                                21
SUMMARY
Dacorum has had an increase in Domestic and Non-domestic Burglary offences over the
past twelve months however Dacorum remains below the average for similar CDRP’s for
both types of crimes and has had an increased detection rate.

Leverstock Green, Highfield and Grove Hill wards recorded the highest number of domestic
burglaries for the 12 months assessed.

Grovehill, Hemel Hempstead Town Centre, Bovingdon & Flaunden and Watling Ward
recorded the highest number of non-domestic burglaries for the 12 months assessed.

INTELLIGENCE GAPS
The following information, if available, would be of value to future assessments and assist
proactive programs to reduce crime.

       Information relating to the concentration of housing types and where properties are
        owned by housing providers. This would assist by identifying housing providers in
        hotspot areas who can facilitate crime prevention advice and also be engaged in
        reducing crime and disorder

   Crime data has been extracted from Hertfordshire Constabulary’s crime information
    system (CIS) using iBase.
   All dates related to date of recording on CIS.
   Mapping has been completed using the Northgate XD mapping system directly using the
    data extracted through iBase. There are some incidences where data cannot be mapped,
    or is mapped incorrectly. These exceptions are usually small in number, and will be
    indicated within the report.
   Where data comes from other sources, this is clearly indicated within the report.
   It should be noted that information from iQuanta, where crime data is used to compare
    across CDRP’s, this has been nominalised by showing crime rates per 1,000 households
    or per 1,000 residents, to provide a fairer comparison.




REASSURANCE
Fear of crime is a very broad and complex issue and can be seen as a local, county
and indeed national problem. Although statistics suggest crime has fallen over the
last ten years it appears that people do not feel any safer and indeed in some cases
feel they are more likely to be a victim of crime. It is important we try and address this
re-assurance gap and find out how we can best tackle it.

Improving feelings of safety is an important priority as it can affect people’s health
and well being. Whilst success is not guaranteed, we must do all we can to better
inform the public that Dacorum is a safe place to live and work.

We are committed to do more to educate people about the realities of their
vulnerability to crime, as well as taking action to reduce fear of crime on a local and
county level. There is little doubt from the results of the Council’s recent citizen’s


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panel survey that the public wish to see a greater visible Police presence on their
streets.

The question asked in the 2009 citizen’s panel whether residents thought their area
is a safe place to live resulted in an encouraging 68% either strongly or tending to
agree. This was opposed to only 13% who disagreed. However, the worst results
were in Grovehill, Woodhall Farm, Highfield and St Pauls where 28% disagreed. This
again seems to substantiate the fact that there appears to be a link between anti-
social behaviour and the fear of crime.

When it comes to fear of crime, it can be difficult to set targets which can be
measured, because there are a variety of different questions to ask, and fear of crime
can often be confused with other personal safety issues, such as terrorist attacks or a
natural disaster. Indeed it can be argued that just asking a question about the
possibility of being a victim of crime triggers a negative reaction. Other factors can
also play apart such as the time of year you are asking the question as people will
naturally feel safer in the light than they do the dark.



Other Local Priorities

YOUTH CRIME AND DISORDER
SUMMARY

YOUTH VICTIMS
Grovehill, Hemel Hempstead Town Centre and Corner Hall wards recorded the
highest number of complaints by youth victims for the 12 months assessed.

Although there were more total Thefts reported, the most prevalent offence was
Assault occasioning Actual Bodily Harm. This was followed by Theft: Other, Assault:
Common Assault without Injury and Theft: Pedal Cycle.

30% of Youth victims were aged 14 years or younger.

YOUTH SUSPECTS
Data extracted from the Crime system searching for offences where youth suspects
showed a decrease in total offences compared to the same corresponding period the
previous year.

Thefts remain the most prevalent crime despite a decrease in these offences.
Assaults, Damage and Robbery were the next most prevalent, however only
Robberies increased in actual numbers.

Thefts were the most prevalent crime.

YOUTH OFFENDING TEAM
Youth Offending Team data shows a decrease in the total number of offences for
which Youths were dealt with during the two year period which was assessed.


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Comparison of offences dealt with by the YOT over the period July 2007 to June
2009 showed decreases were recorded in Criminal Damage, Public Order and
Assault offences whilst rises were observed in the number of Order Breaches,
Burglary and Driving Offences.

In relation to YOT Outcomes records show decreases in Final Warnings and Police
Reprimands and increases in Community Rehabilitation Orders, Supervision and
Detention & Training Orders over the two 12 month periods compared.

Grovehill, Bennetts End and Highfield wards recorded the highest number of Youth
Offenders in residence.

SCHOOL EXCLUSIONS
Child, School and Families data shows that within the Dacorum CDRP the number of
overall school exclusions has increased for the 2008/09 academic year compared
with the previous academic year. Permanent Exclusions have decreased.
Additionally, although the number of Exclusions has risen, the number of students
being excluded has decreased.

Highfield and Grovehill schools recorded the highest number of exclusions.

The Astley Cooper and The Cavendish recorded the highest number of exclusions
for the 2008/09 academic year.

   Crime data has been extracted from Hertfordshire Constabulary’s crime
    information system (CIS) using iBase.
   All dates related to date of recording on CIS.
   Mapping has been completed using the Northgate XD mapping system directly
    using the data extracted through iBase. There are some incidences where data
    cannot be mapped, or is mapped incorrectly. These exceptions are usually small
    in number, and will be indicated within the report.
   Where data comes from other sources, this is clearly indicated within the report.


Individual organisations within the Partnership have delivered a lot of meaningful
projects during 2009, however, we must continue to strive to do this in a joined up
manner. If we are to deliver on this priority it is important that all partners engage
meaningfully within the Community Safety Partnership with clear identified
leadership. The Joint Action Group who meets monthly will seek to act as the conduit
to make this happen with the Responsible Authorities Officers Group able to hold
them to account if this does not happen.

We intend to be guided by the Governments youth crime action plan with a particular
emphasis on early intervention and more parental support. It is clear that youth crime
harms communities, creates a culture of fear and damages the lives of some of our
most vulnerable young people.




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CONCLUSION
During the last year Dacorum Community Safety Partnership has continued to work
well together and has had some notable successes. The alcohol referral scheme
continues to go from strength to strength as more Police forces in the country adopt it
as best practise.

It is clear that the Drug and Alcohol theme group relies heavily on the drive of the
Constabulary and Borough Council, where expertise lies mainly on the alcohol front.
If we are to make a progress with our priority around Drugs then other Partners with
more specialised knowledge in this subject need to take a more meaningful
contribution.

One of the aims for the Partnership is to look at youth crime and disorder and see
how we can work with the County Council to improve the situation in some areas. We
will be looking at improving youth engagement and increasing diversionary activities
in the wards where ASB appears to be a problem, namely Highfield and Grovehill. If
we can try and reduce the numbers of teenagers perceived to be hanging around it
will also hopefully reduce negative perceived feelings of safety on the rest of the
community. A Partnership away day has been scheduled to discuss this priority in
detail with a view to having something in place for 2010/11.

There will also be a Community Safety action planning event following on from this
assessment where Partners will assist in developing an action plan for the year
ahead. Once this is formulated the individual theme groups will take these forward.

The Partnership is now better placed at a strategic level to monitor performance and
initiate direction around the priorities. It should also be noted that reducing the
numbers attending the Joint Action group has resulted in more effective and business
like meetings. The meeting will continue to analyse crime data on a monthly basis
and endeavour to react quickly to any change in crime patterns.

This strategic assessment fulfils the statutory requirements of the Police and Justice
Act 2006 and also feeds into Hertfordshire County Councils assessment. Of the
Dacorum priorities outlined we believe that the ones around youth, anti-social
behaviour and reassurance should also be adopted as countywide priorities.

.




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