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Cadet Guide


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									     Cadet Guide
            Detachment 128
Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps

       University of Delaware

  "Training future military officers
    to be stronger and smarter"

Welcome to the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps, Detachment 128 at the University of
Delaware. AFROTC is a program designed to produce quality officers for the active duty Air
Force. This program concentrates on developing leadership, teamwork, and the ability to push
yourself more than you thought possible. At Detachment 128, a team of highly motivated active
duty officers, NCOs and cadets are devoted to making sure you receive the best possible training
and experience on your way to becoming a leader in the United States Air Force. Curriculum
covers a wide range of material from Air Force Foundations in your freshmen year to National
Security Affairs in your senior year. Throughout this process you are instructed on all the values
and traits of effective leaders, which include high moral character, decisiveness, personal health
and fitness, and dedicated service. As you progress through the program, you will begin taking
on greater leadership roles to demonstrate all that you have learned. Best of luck as you train to
become a Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.

                                                     xxxxxx x. xxxx, C/Col, AFROTC
                                                     Commander, 128th Cadet Wing

                                 INTEGRITY FIRST
                            SERVICE BEFORE SELF
                       EXCELLENCE IN ALL WE DO

                  Table of Contents

Welcome………………………………………………………….. 5

Common Vocabulary…………………………………………..…. 10

Customs and Courtesies………………………………………….. 11

Chain of Command……………………………………………..... 14

Reporting Civil Involvements……………………………………. 14

Uniform Wear……………………………………………………. 15

Grooming Standards……………………………………………… 22

Rank Structure…………………………………………………..... 25

Warrior Knowledge………………………………………………. 29

Physical Fitness……………………………………………….….. 32

Extra AFROTC Activities…………………………………….….. 35

Links and Contact Information…………………………………… 38

                     Welcome to AFROTC at UD
As a freshman, you‟ll begin studying towards your bachelor‟s degree. This degree is required
before commissioning into the Air Force. The 128th Cadet Wing is located at the University of
Delaware. The cadet wing is comprised of students from UD, as well as students from Delaware
State University, Wilmington College, Salisbury University, Delaware Technical College,
Goldey Beacom College and Lincoln University.

Detachment 128 first opened its doors at the University of Delaware for the fall semester in
1982. The first two cadets, Corinne Blank and David McCombs, were commissioned at the end
of that academic year. With the graduating class of 2004, Detachment 128 has provided the
training required for 246 cadets to earn their commissions into the United States Air Force.
These members, now holding ranks ranging from second lieutenant to colonel, are pursuing
varying and notable careers. The detachment boasts veterans of all the major conflicts from
Desert Storm to the current wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

ROTC was established with the passage of the National Defense Act of 1916. Following World
War II, General Eisenhower, Chief of Staff of the War Department, signed an order creating Air
ROTC units at 77 colleges and universities throughout the nation.

Cadets coming in as freshmen are classified as AS100s and are titled Fourth Class Cadets. As an
AS100, your role will be to observe, participate, and learn. Don‟t worry about making mistakes,
its part of the learning process. The returning cadets remember being AS100s, and they‟re ready
to help you. The entire AS100 year is intended for you to “learn the ropes” of AFROTC and the
U.S. Air Force.

“During my first few weeks of ROTC, I was terrified. I was scared of the cadre, the POC, the
uniforms, the det, saluting, inspections, drill…basically everything. I was just so unsure of what I
was doing, and I thought that if I messed up I would get yelled at. It didn't take long before I
realized that everyone was awesome and no one was going to yell at me. Mistakes are allowed,
and making them is just a way to learn how to do things correctly. The best advice I can give the
AS100s is to not worry too much about stuff like this. Just try your best. It is a learning
experience and no one is expected to get used to this totally different lifestyle right away.”

The best advice for freshmen is to learn and absorb as much as possible. Get involved with corps
activities and meet different people. Remember, school work always comes first. A degree is
required to graduate, and you must graduate in order to receive your commission as an officer in
the Air Force.

    The AFROTC Program
What is an Air Force Commission?
An Air Force commission is your ticket to working in top professional and management jobs as
an officer in the United States Air Force. Only college graduates can obtain an Air Force
commission, which is granted by the President of the United States.

Does a Flying Profession Interest You?
The Air Force owns the most modern aircraft in the world, and has jobs available for pilots,
navigators and air weapons controllers. Those who meet the demanding physical, medical, and
academic qualifications are selected as candidates in their junior or senior years.

Does a Technical or Management Career Interest You?
Air Force ROTC graduates have opportunities in more than 100 specialized fields where the
education and training earned for their degree can be used.

Earn While You Learn
Cadets on scholarship and POC cadets will earn a stipend of $250 - $400 per month depending
upon academic year in which the student is enrolled. This stipend is tax free.

Air Force ROTC 1- to 3 ½ year college scholarships are available on a competitive basis to
college students. Scholarship recipients are selected using the whole person concept. This
includes objective factors (grade point average and Air Force Officer Qualifying Test) and
subjective factors (cadre evaluation). The AFROTC Scholarship Program can provide full
tuition, lab fees and money for books.

If you're a non-scholarship student, you incur no obligation to the Air Force during your
freshman and sophomore years of school nor during summer field training. You are able to keep
many options open while you take an in-depth look at the Air Force. The length of your active
duty commitment after graduation is determined by the career field you pursue. This
commitment is normally four years for non-flying officers and longer for flying officers.

Guaranteed Job / Salary / Benefits
Students who successfully complete all Air Force ROTC curriculum and degree requirements
enter active duty as a second lieutenant. The Air Force offers a benefits package that is hard to
beat. You can expect:
- average yearly starting salary of over $41,000 (considering tax advantages)
- tax-free adjustments based on cost of living in the area and increases for having a family
- 30 days of vacation with pay each year
- 100% tuition assistance
- comprehensive medical and dental care
- $250,000 low-cost life insurance
- wide variety of recreational facilities

Organization of the Wing
The UD AFROTC detachment is organized much like the real Air Force. The entire cadet corps
is called a "wing,” and is headed by the Cadet Wing Commander. The Cadet Wing Commander
and his staff are tasked with running the corps and meeting all training objectives set forth by
ROTC Headquarters and the cadre at Detachment 128.

The "GMC" Program
Cadets will generally spend their first two years of ROTC in the General Military Course, often
shortened to the acronym of "GMC." The purpose of this program is to introduce cadets to the
Air Force and prepare them for field training. Cadets are educated on competencies such as drill
and ceremonies, customs and courtesies, and basic information about the military and Air Force
life. Cadets also attend the Aerospace Studies (AS)100 course their freshmen year and the
AS200 series in their sophomore year. In these courses, cadets learn some of the history of the
Air Force, as well as its background, doctrine, mission, and organization. GMC are considered
cadet airman. Freshmen cadets are classified as Cadet Fourth Class and sophomore cadets are
classified as Cadet Third Class.

The "POC" Program
The Professional Officer Course ("POC") is for cadets who have successfully completed field
training. This program allows cadets to practice the leadership skills they have learned during
their time as GMC, in their Aerospace Studies courses, and at their field training encampment.
The POC plan and run weekly leadership laboratories, PT, and day-to-day operations as they
prepare for their entrance into the active duty Air Force by studying leadership, management,
and military policy in their Aerospace Studies classes. They will use this hands-on leadership
training during their time as active duty officers in the Air Force. Junior cadets attend the AS300
course and senior cadets attend the AS400 course. POC cadets are considered cadet officers and
rank corresponds with wing positions.

Leadership Lab
Leadership laboratories (often called “lead labs” or “LLABs”) are held once a week and are
located in Sharp Lab on South College Avenue. Consisting of briefings, inspections, leadership
and followership training, they form the foundation for the training conducted in AFROTC.

Because LLAB is such an important element of a cadet's training, attendance is mandatory.
LLABs are planned and executed by the POC with oversight cadet wing commander.

Alternate LLAB (ALTLAB) is designed to accommodate those cadets unable to attend primary
LLAB due to a class conflict. ALTLAB mirrors the regular LLAB as closely as possible in

"I wasn't in LLAB the first semester, but ALTLAB was as good as it could be. With only
six cadets, it was difficult to do drill, but the many activities outside of LLAB helped me
become more involved as a cadet."

Aerospace Studies Classes
Cadets are required to take Aerospace Studies courses every semester. Ranging in topics from
military law to the history of the Air Force, the Aerospace Studies curriculum is designed to
educate cadets with knowledge to allow them to become successful Air Force officers.

Course topics:

      AS100 (AFSC110/111 Foundation of U.S. Air Force) is taken freshman year: Survey
       course designed to introduce students to the U.S. Air Force and Air Force Reserve
       Officers' Training Corps. Topics include mission and organization of the Air Force,
       officership and professionalism, military customs and courtesies, Air Force officer
       opportunities, group leadership problems, and introduction to communication skills.
      AS200 (AFSC210/211 Evolution of U.S. Air and Space Power) is taken sophomore
       year: Historical survey of air and space power designed to motivate students to transition
       from Air Force ROTC cadet to officer candidate. Featured topics include Air Force
       heritage and leaders; introduction to air and space power through examination of
       competencies, functions, and doctrines; and continued application of communication
      AS300 (AFSC310/311 Air Force Leadership Studies) is taken junior year: Study of
       leadership and quality management fundamentals, professional knowledge, Air Force
       doctrine, leadership ethics, and communication skills required of an Air Force junior
       officer. Use of case studies to examine Air Force leadership and management situations
       as means of demonstrating and exercising practical application of concepts being studied.
      AS400 (AFSC410/411 National Security Affairs/Preparation for Active Duty) is
       taken senior year: Study of national security processes, regional studies, advanced
       leadership ethics, and Air Force doctrine. Special topics focus on the military as a
       profession, officership, military justice, civilian control of the military, preparation for
       active duty, and current issues affecting military professionalism. Within this structure,
       there is continued emphasis on refining communication skills.

Field Training
As an Air Force ROTC student you will attend field training at an Air Force base usually in the
summer between your sophomore and junior years to learn more about the Air Force while
practicing leadership and team building. You interact with officers, many of whom earned their
commissions through Air Force ROTC. You also participate in many challenging activities--
sports, practical leadership training, academics, aircraft and aircrew orientation, firearm
familiarizations, orientation to deploying and living in the field, human relations, equal
opportunity training and other Air Force work and leisure activities. The Air Force provides
uniforms, lodging and meals at no charge. You are paid for travel to and from your home, as well
as for the training itself. In the two-year program, cadets attend a six-week course, while four-
year program cadets attend a four-week camp.

Professional Development Training Programs
You will have the opportunity to volunteer for Professional Development Training (PDT)
Programs. If selected, you spend varied amounts of time during the summer at an Air Force base.
An active duty Air Force unit sponsors you and provides an excellent career orientation. You
spend time with young officers (on the job and in social settings) and see, firsthand, what an Air
Force officer does. PDT opportunities include free fall training (parachuting) at the United States
Air Force Academy, Combat Survival Training and shadow and internship opportunities at
various stateside and overseas Air Force bases.

The Faculty (Cadre)
The teaching staff of AFROTC units is composed of experienced officers. Selection is
determined by professional experience, academic background and qualification as instructors.
They must normally have a master's degree. Officers usually complete Air University's
Academic Instructor School at Maxwell AFB, Alabama before reporting for their teaching
assignments. Working with the officers are the non-commissioned officers, NCOs. Each
Detachment normally has two NCOs. They handle all paperwork, civil involvements, medical
exams, and cadet personnel files. NCOs are available to answer questions cadets have, or to help
cadets out with administrative particulars.

Fellow Cadets
You will get to know the other cadets at Detachment 128 really well. You will see them outside
of ROTC events a lot. Keep in mind that when in uniform or at ROTC events and places, the
highest level of professionalism and respect is required in regards to your behavior and
interaction with others.

     Common Vocabulary, Acronyms, and Definitions
AFOQT (Air Force Officer’s Qualifying Test): This test is similar to the SAT and you must
pass it to become an Air Force Officer. A good score will help when applying for pilot and
navigator slots. Talk to your AS100 instructor for further information.

AFOATS (Air Force Officer Accession Training Schools)

AETC (Air Education and Training Command)

Cadre: The Air Force personnel assigned to a detachment

Detachment 128: Located on Wyoming Road, the Det. is the headquarters of AFROTC at the
University of Delaware. In the AFROTC community, our wing is referred to as Det 128.

DODMERB (Department of Defense Medical Examination and Review Board): This
organization is responsible for certifying that you are medically eligible for scholarship and
contracting. All cadets who wish to receive a scholarship and contract must complete a
DODMERB physical.

FT (Field Training)

GMC (General Military Course): The first and second years of the four year program
consisting of AS100s and AS200s. GMC cadets have not yet attended field training.

POC (Professional Officer Course): These cadets have attended field training and are now
cadet officers. The POC plan and lead ROTC functions such as PT and LLAB. These are
normally cadets in their 3rd and 4th years in the four year program.

OPS ORDERS (Operations Orders): Here you‟ll find useful information such as the location
of LLAB, the objectives, and the uniform of the day. They are available on the Detachment 128
web page (http://www.udel.edu/afrotc) and in print at the Detachment. The OPS Orders change
weekly so check them weekly!

PT (Physical Training): Held three times a week (Monday, Wednesday, and Friday) at the
Carpenter Sports Building. Cadets must attend two per week. Special arrangements are made for
cross-town cadets. For example, PT sessions are held at Delaware State University for cross-
town students local to that area.

                            Customs and Courtesies
There are many traditions in the Air Force that a cadet will need to know to show the proper
respect to officers and enlisted personnel. In order to prepare cadets for active duty, the same
traditions and rules apply to ROTC cadets.

General Cadet Etiquette:
It is important to remember that every cadet in the Wing, whether they are in uniform or not,
represents the 128th Cadet Wing, the Air Force, and the military as a whole. Examples of
behavior that must be specifically avoided while in uniform are:
       consumption of alcohol
       public displays of affection (PDA)
       use of foul or derogatory language
       littering
       participation in political rallies or demonstrations
       sexual or other kinds of harassment
       unlawfully discriminatory language or actions
       any other activity which brings discredit upon the institutions stated above

There are certain behaviors that will be expected of you as a cadet. Some of these behaviors

      When an officer (senior ranking than any one present) enters or leaves a class, the first
       person to see him/her calls the room to attention. Exceptions to this are when a lesson,
       briefing, or examination is in progress.
      Cadets should not establish, encourage, or participate in excessively familiar relationships
       with cadre (officers and NCOs). You must make every effort to demonstrate the proper
       courtesy and respect to every cadre member with whom you come in contact.
      The position of honor is the right, so when accompanying an officer, walk on the senior's
      Tardiness is not tolerated in the military. It reflects an unprofessional attitude. Never keep
       a senior officer waiting because of your forgetfulness or lack of planning. If an
       unexpected delay occurs, call ahead and give an explanation. The same rule applies to
       appointments you have arranged with subordinates. If you have a commitment, be sure to
       be there!
                                        Don’t be late! You should arrive at an AF
                                        class, meeting, or event 10-15 minutes
                                        early. It may take as much as 20 minutes
                                        to walk to the Det while in uniform.
                                        Remember: Cadets walking to and from
                                        events must adhere to all traffic and
                                        safety laws to ensure the safety of
                                        themselves and those around them.

      Speaking publicly in uniform, or if asked a question as a cadet by sources such as the
       media, on matters of interest to the United States Government or the Air Force is
       prohibited, as any opinions expressed could be interpreted as the official views of the Air
       Force. Direct all questions to the cadre of the detachment.
      A cadet‟s conduct and appearance must be able to withstand public scrutiny 24 hours a
       day. Whether in or out of uniform, a cadet must look and act the part. Misconduct will
       bring discredit upon the cadet personally, the branch in which they serve, and the U.S.
      The uniform should always be neat, clean and worn properly. Never run, walk on grass or
       spit while in uniform. Unless retrieving something, keep your hands out of your pockets.
       Take special pains to present a fine appearance when in the civilian community.
      Work within your Chain of Command. Do not go directly to the Wing Commander with
       problems. First go to your flight commander.
      Cadet officers will receive the same courtesies afforded commissioned officers. Do not
       call the room to attention for a cadet officer unless he or she is a Cadet Colonel or Cadet
       Lieutenant Colonel. The only Cadet Colonel in the corps is the Cadet Wing Commander.

Saluting is a form of respect first practiced by knights in the middle ages. In the cadet wing, a
salute is used as a way to greet officers, and there are several rules that need to be followed.

Who/what to salute:

      The President of the United States
      Air Force Officers
      Officers from other services
      Warrant officers from other services
      Cadet officers (the POC)
      The U.S. flag when being raised or lowered, or when the national anthem is being played
       (when in uniform. When not in uniform, just stand at attention with your hand on your

How to salute:
Saluting properly takes practice. Practice in front of the mirror until performing a proper salute
feels natural. The procedure, from attention, follows:

      Open your right hand so your palm is flat as you bring it straight up your gig line. Raise
       your elbow up until that part of your arm is parallel to the ground.
      Bring your hand all the way up so that your middle finger touches the corner of your
       eyebrow/corner of your glasses (or, if you are wearing a BDU cap, the tip of your cap.)
      The final position should have your arm, hand, and fingers in a straight line from your
       elbow, with your thumb tucked into your hand, your palm flat, and your hand tilted
       slightly forward (you should barely be able to see the palm of your hand out of the corner
       of your eye.)
      This whole process is done in a quick, snappy manner.
      When saluting a specific person, it is appropriate to give a verbal greeting as well.

When to salute:

A cadet should salute when:

       Outside
       Both parties are in uniform, though if either party is out of uniform, yet both parties
        recognize each other and the rank held, a salute is appropriate but not necessary
       Walking, or standing out of formation
       As soon as you can render a verbal greeting--generally at a distance of 6 - 12 paces from
        the person being saluted
       Not carrying items in both hands, not riding a bicycle, and not in a no-salute zone

Do not salute enlisted personnel, but be sure to render a verbal greeting. Cadets are by no means
superior to enlisted personnel.

If you are ever unsure of whether or not to salute, it is better to be safe than sorry. Saluting is a
form of respect, and it is better to give too much respect than too little.

Reporting procedures:

To better prepare cadets for active duty, reporting in and out is implemented regardless of

       When reporting to an officer in his/her office, knock twice on the door. When told to
        enter, walk directly (squaring any corners) to within two paces of the desk, come to
        attention (eyes caged forward), and salute.
       Salute and say, “Sir (Ma‟am), Cadet (last name) reports as ordered.” Continue to hold
        your salute until a salute has been returned and then follow directions from the officer
        (please be seated, at ease, etc.).
       If you are reporting on your own, you will state appropriately:
        (a) “Sir (Ma‟am), Cadet (last name) reports to ask a question.”
        (b) “Sir (Ma‟am), Cadet (last name) reports to make a statement.”
       At the end of the conversation ask, “Will that be all, Sir (Ma‟am)?” The officer will
        acknowledge; then from the same location you reported in, stand, salute and state, “Good
        morning (afternoon or evening), Sir (Ma‟am).” After your salute is returned, drop your
        salute, execute the proper facing movement and depart. NOTE: If the officer states, “That
        will be all” or “You are dismissed” before you ask, “Will that be all, Sir (Ma‟am),” then
        do not ask that question; just salute and render the appropriate exit greeting such as,
        “Good evening, Ma‟am.”

                               Chain of Command
It is imperative that you try to follow the chain of command at all times. The chain of command
is established so the cadets and officers in the higher ranking positions don't have to deal with
every single issue. Cadets should try to solve problems and matters at the lowest possible level.
Never go around your chain of command. The chain of command for all cadets begins with their
flight commanders.

Below is the chain of command for Detachment 128:

Commander, Detachment 128 (Professor of Aerospace Science): Lt Col Jeffrey W. Wandrey

Commandant of Cadets (Assistant Professor of Aerospace Science): Capt Sarah F. M. Scott

Commander, 128th Cadet Wing

Commander, 128th Operations Group

A / B / C / D Flight Commander (1st Line of Supervision)


***The cadet chain of command can be found online

          Reporting Medical and Civil Involvements
Because of stringent physical qualifications necessary to enter the Air Force and certain career
fields, cadets are required to report any medical changes that occur, no matter how minor.
Examples include surgery, breaking or fracturing bones, allergies, severe sprains or muscle pulls
which result in inability to run or perform the PFT, and pregnancy.

Cadets must report all involvements with law enforcement officials or civil authorities within 72
hours of the incident while school is in session. If the incident occurs during summer or winter
break, it must be reported to cadre within 72 hours of the start of school. Involvements include
where the individual was cited or charged by a civil, military, or university authority regardless
of disposition or seeming insignificance. All involvements should be reported even though a
finding of “not guilty” was rendered. If the Security Clearance Agency check required for
enlistment finds an unreported involvement, it may result in a breach of contract, which may lead
to disenrollment from the Air Force ROTC program

                     Uniform Wear and Appearance
Cadets that have been issued a uniform must wear the appropriate uniform between their first
class and 1730 on LLAB days, to their Aerospace Studies classes, and when instructed by the
detachment commander. Cadets who do not have their uniform yet must wear professional attire
during these times. One should wear clothing that they would wear to a job interview. Jeans and
tee-shirts are not appropriate when attending LLAB.

With only a few exceptions, cadets wear the same uniform as active duty officers.

There are certain instances when wearing your uniform is prohibited. These include:

      Participating in public speeches, interviews, picket lines, marches or rallies, or in any
       public demonstration when the Air Force sanction of the cause for which the activity is
       conducted may be implied.
      Furthering political activities, private employment, or commercial interests.
      Working in an off-duty civilian capacity.

There are several universal standards that apply to all uniforms:

      Uniforms should always present a professional appearance. One should always make sure
       that their shoes are shined and their uniforms are well ironed.
      Damaged items should not be worn.
      Shoes: Must be polished with clean dressings.
      Lightweight jacket: Zip at least 3/4s of the way.
      Ground rank epaulets as far to the shoulder as possible, with rank to the outside. Add
       cardboard or special epaulet shapers to the inside to give them a crisper look.
      Add backing (cardboard works fine) to your nametags to prevent drooping.

Cadet should refer to AFROTCI 36-2008 for further instructions on wearing uniforms.

Service Dress:
For males:

      Trousers: the front of trouser legs rests on the front of shoe or boot with a slight break in
       the crease. The back of trouser legs will be approximately 7/8 inch longer than the front.
       Trousers come in one length, and must be tailored to fit correctly.
      Belt: Silver tip end of the belt extends beyond the buckle facing the wearer‟s left; no blue
       fabric shows.
      Tie: End of tie should extend to the center of the belt buckle when worn.
      Socks: Plain black without design. Non-issued socks may be worn.
      Undergarments: White undergarments are mandatory with all service and dress uniforms.
       Undergarments should never be shown, but crew neck shirts are authorized when wearing
       closed collar service dress uniforms.

For females:

      Slacks: Bottom front of slack legs rests on the front of shoe or boot with a slight break in
       the crease; back of legs is approximately 7/8 of an inch longer than the front. Slacks
       come in one length and must be tailored to fit.
      Skirt: skirt length will be no shorter than the top of the kneecap and no longer than the
       bottom of the kneecap. Skirts come in one length and must be tailored to fit.
      Belt: Worn with skirt or slacks with belt loops. Silver tip end of the belt extends beyond
       the buckle facing the wearer‟s right; no blue fabric shows.
      Hose: Mandatory with skirt, optional with slacks. Commercial, sheer, nylon in neutral,
       dark brown, black or off-black, or dark blue shades that complement the uniform and the
       individual‟s skin tone. Do not wear patterned hose.
      Socks: Plain black without design. Non-issued socks may be worn.
      Undergarments: Wear of appropriate undergarments is required. Undergarments should
       be white or similar to your skin tone. A white undershirt is highly recommended. It
       should not visible at the neck when worn with an open collar. May wear the white crew-
       neck style undershirt when wearing closed collar service and dress uniforms.

Service Dress is worn to events such as your AF class and LLAB. It consists of low quarter
shoes, blue trousers, blue shirt (long or short sleeve), tie, service dress coat, and cover. No
creases are pressed into the service coat. Pumps must be worn with skirt.

      Place US insignia halfway up the seam of the collar on the
       service coat, resting on but not over it. Bottom of insignia is
       parallel with the ground.
      Center ribbons resting on but not over edge of left welt
       pocket. Wear three or four-in-a row. Wear all earned ribbons.
      Ribbons (awards and decorations) are worn in order of
       precedence, see AFROTCI 36-2008. Clusters denote receipt
       of an award more than once.
      Aeronautical badges are mandatory to those who are
       authorized to wear them. Others are optional. Center
       aeronautical, occupational, or miscellaneous badge 1/2 inch
       above ribbons or pocket if not wearing ribbons. Center
       additional badge 1/2 inch above the first one.
      Epaulets must be tucked under collar.
      No name tag is worn with the service coat as a GMC.
      Silver metallic nametags are worn by POC cadets. It is worn
       on the right side of the service coat with the bottom of the
       nametag level with the bottom of the ribbons.

Semi-Formal Dress Uniform:
Semi-Formal Dress Uniform is worn in place of mess dress at formal events. Cadets will wear a
long sleeve white shirt/blouse under their service coats. The white shirt can not have a button
down collar. Male cadets are to wear their issued neck tie and females their blue collar tie tab.
No headgear is worn while in this uniform.

Mess Dress Uniform:
Wear of the mess dress by cadet officers (POC) at formal events is encouraged. Costs associated
with the Mess Dress are the responsibility of the cadet.

Short Sleeve Blues (Summer Dress):

Short sleeves blues consists of low quarters, blue trousers, blue shirt, and cover (tie is worn when

      A v-neck shirt is worn under the blue shirt, and cannot be visible
       to an outside observer.
      Creases should be ironed into sleeves from the rear end of the
       epaulet, straight out to the end of the sleeve. Do not iron
       "military creases" into the back of the shirt.
      The "gig line" should be presented on your blues uniform. This
       line consists of the zipper flap of your trousers, the curved part of
       your belt buckle, and the line of your shirt all the way up to your
       collar. These three elements should be aligned at all times.
      Wear shirt garters to keep your shirt from 'parachuting' in the
       back. These may be uncomfortable at first, but help make your
       uniform look sharp.
      Perform a military tuck on your shirt to keep the front of the
       uniform looking sharp. This is done by taking the excess material
       from the front of the shirt to the side, and tucking it towards the
      Starch is recommended to keep a sharp look longer. Spray starch
       on entire shirt before ironing, let dry, and then press the shirt.
      (Optional) Center tie tack or tie clasp (Air Force coat of arms,
       grade insignia, or wing and star) between bottom edge of knot
       and bottom tip of tie.
      Arnold Air Society (AAS) pin is worn on right pocket, centered a
       1 inch above the nametag.
      Nothing is to be kept in shirt pockets, which remain buttoned
      The blue plastic nametags are worn on the long or short sleeved
       shirt / blouse. Males will wear the nametag centered and resting
       above the right breast pocket. Females will wear the nametag
       centered on the right side even or up to 1 ½ inches higher or
       lower than the first exposed button.

Long Sleeved Blues:

Same as short sleeve blues, but tie / tie tab must be worn. The top button must be buttoned.

Flight Caps:

Cadets wear flight caps outside when in blues or service dress uniform (exceptions to this are the
flight line, and no-cover areas). Flight caps are worn centered or slightly tilted to the right on the
head, with the tip of the cap positioned approximately 1 inch above the bridge of the nose (about
the width of two fingers). Center the insignia vertically 1 1/2 inch from the front of the flight cap
on the left side of the cap. When not worn, tuck under the belt on the left side, between first and
second belt loops; cap will not fold over belt. POC will wear the prop and wing badge on their
flight caps.

Battle Dress Uniform:

     Iron creases in your blouse from the shoulder to the cuffs. Do not
      iron creases in the back of the blouse.
     Insignia: Rank insignia is attached to the collar. The “sharp” edge
      of the insignia will face the wearer‟s neck. The insignias remain
      parallel to the bottom of the collar, centered 1” above it.
     Name tape is sewn flush above right shirt pocket, while US Air
      Force tape is sewn flush above left shirt pocket. Fold tapes to
      match pocket width.
     Trousers: Blouse trousers over combat boots.
     Tip of belt may extend up to 2 inches beyond the buckle facing
      the wearer‟s left.
     Combat boots: Blouse trousers over boots with blousing straps.
      The entire boot must be shined.
     Socks: Black socks must be worn with boots. Wear thick, wool
      socks to prevent blisters.
     BDU cap: Worn squarely on the head with no hair protruding in
      front of the cap. When not being worn, it is stowed in the right,
      lower cargo pockets on the trousers.
     Undergarments: Mandatory. Brown crew neck shirts will be worn
      at all times by GMC. POC are permitted to wear black shirts.
      Brown crew neck shirts will be plain. Black crew neck shirts may
      have a small unit emblem on left front.


      Watch: A single conservative watch may be worn.
      Bracelet: One conservative bracelet, no wider than one inch, may be worn.
      Rings: A maximum of three at any time.
      Eyeglasses and sunglasses: Free of ornamentation on frames and lenses. Conservative,
       clear, slightly tinted or photosensitive lenses indoors or in formation. Conservative lenses
       and frames outdoors (faddish styles and mirrored lenses prohibited). No sunglasses in
       formation. They are not worn around the neck or hung from the uniform in any way.
      Necklaces: Concealed under collar or undershirt.
      Pencils or pens: Always carry a pen or pencil in uniform, concealed.
      Backpack: Must be solid dark blue or black. Carried in left hand, over left shoulder, or
       over both shoulders (only on campus).

Flight Dress Uniform (Flight Suits):
      Flight suits can be substituted for Battle Dress Uniform.
      Only the following cadets are authorized to wear flight suits: those categorized as pilots,
       navigators and air battle managers.
      Cadets may wear flight suits at orientation flights, professional development training, and
       recruiting events.
      FDUs must be worn with black combat boots and officer flight cap.
      Cadets are to wear the AFROTC patch on the right breast pocket, not the AETC patch.
       The cadet name patch is to be worn on the left breast pocket. The U.S. Flag is worn on
       the left shoulder and the Detachment 128 patch is worn on the right shoulder.

PT Uniform:
      Tuck in the shirt
      Only plain white socks are permitted.
      Conservative athletic shoes are required. Tuck the laces into each shoe.
      Even though there is no PT cap, the PTU is an official uniform. Saluting procedures
       should be followed.
      Acceptable accessories include a breakaway watch, a backpack, and AF PT sweats.
       Jewelry must be removed during PT.
      Must have appropriate undergarments.

  As soon as you put that uniform on, you’re representing the 128th
   Cadet Wing, the Air Force, and the military as a whole. You must
 always keep that in mind. Use customs and courtesies, show proper
             respect, and wear your uniform with pride.

                    Personal Grooming Standards
Universal regulations:
     Tattoos (content): Tattoos/brands anywhere on the body that are obscene, advocate
      sexual, racial, ethnic, or religious discrimination are prohibited in and out of uniform.
      Tattoos/brands that are prejudicial to good order and discipline or that are of a nature that
      tends to bring discredit upon the Air Force are prohibited in and out of uniform.
     Tattoos (military image): Excessive tattoos/brands will not be exposed or visible
      (includes visible through the uniform) while in uniform. Excessive is defined as any
      tattoo/brands that exceed ¼ of the exposed body part and those above the collarbone and
      readily visible when wearing an open collar uniform. Members should not be allowed to
      display excessive tattoos that would detract from an appropriate professional image while
      in uniform.
     Body piercing (in uniform or on duty): Members are prohibited from attaching, affixing
      or displaying objects, articles, jewelry or ornamentation to or through the ear, nose,
      tongue or any exposed body part (includes visible through the uniform). EXCEPTION:
      Women are authorized to wear one small spherical, conservative, diamond, gold, white,
      black, pearl or silver pierced or clip earring per earlobe. Matching earrings must be worn
      and should fit tightly without extending below the earlobe.
     Body piercing (off duty): Same as above, but piercing of earlobes by women is allowed,
      but should not be extreme or excessive. The type and style of earrings worn by women on
      a military installation should be conservative and kept within sensible limits.
     Hair must be clean, well-groomed and neat. If dyed, it must look natural. It must not
      contain excessive amount of grooming aids, touch eyebrows when groomed or protrude
      below the front band of properly worn headgear. EXCEPTION: Hair may be visible in
      front of women's flight cap.

Male regulations:
     Hair will have a tapered appearance on both sides and back, both with and without
      headgear. A tapered appearance is one that when viewed from any angle outlines the
      individual‟s hair so that it conforms to the shape of the head, curving inward to the
      natural termination point. Block cut permitted with tapered appearance.
     Hair will not be worn in an extreme or fad style or in such a way that exceeds length or
      bulk standards or violates safety requirements. Will not touch the ears and only closely
      cut or shaved hair on the back of the neck may touch the collar. Will not exceed 1 1/4
      inches in bulk, regardless of length and not exceed 1/4 inch at the natural termination
      point. Will not contain or have any visible foreign items attached to it.
     Beards are not authorized unless a shaving waiver has been approved by the commander.
     Clean shaven at all times on the face and neck, even when not in uniform.
     Mustaches will not extend downward beyond the lip line of the upper lip or extend
      sideways beyond a vertical line drawn upward from the corner of the mouth.
     Sideburns will be neatly trimmed and tapered in the same manner as the haircut. They
      will be straight and of even width (not flared) and end in a clean-shaven horizontal line.
     Sideburns will not extend below the lowest part of the exterior ear opening.

Female regulations:
     Cosmetics must be conservative and in good taste.
     Nail polish will be conservative, single color, and in good taste. It will not contain any
     Hair will be styled to present a professional appearance. Plain and conservative pins,
      combs, headbands, elastic bands, and barrettes similar to the individual‟s hair color, or
      black, are permitted to keep hair in place.
     Hair will not be worn in an extreme or fad style or violate safety requirements. It will not
      extend in length on all sides below an invisible line drawn parallel to the ground at the
      bottom edge of the shirt collar at the back of the neck. Hair will not exceed 3 inches in
      bulk or prevent proper wear of headgear. It will not include hair ornaments such as
      ribbons or jeweled pins.
     Hair will not be worn in any style which falls below the bottom edge of the collar while
      in uniform (to include straggling or “wispy” strands of hair).

The Windsor Knot

  1.   Start with wide end of the tie on your right and extending a foot below narrow end.
  2.   Cross wide end over narrow and bring up through loop.
  3.   Bring wide end down around behind narrow and up on your right.
  4.   Then put down through loop and around across narrow as shown.
  5.   Turn and pass up through loop and...
  6.   Complete by slipping down through the knot in front. Tighten and draw up snug to collar.

The Four-In-Hand Knot

  1.   Start with wide end of the tie on your right and extending a foot below narrow end.
  2.   Cross wide end over narrow and back underneath.
  3.   Continue around passing wide end across front of narrow once more.
  4.   Pass side end up through loop.
  5.   Holding front of knot loose with index finger, pass wide end down through loop in front.
  6.   Remove finger and tighten knot carefully. Draw up tight to collar by holding narrow end
       and sliding knot snug.

                    Cadet and Active Duty Rank

GMC insignia:

        Rank name              Verbal address       Abbreviation     Picture
    Cadet Fourth Class:            Cadet               C/4C

    Cadet Third Class:             Cadet               C/3C

POC insignia:

          Rank name                Verbal address     Abbreviation   Picture
    Cadet Second Lieutenant            Cadet             C/2Lt

     Cadet First Lieutenant            Cadet             C/1Lt

         Cadet Captain                 Cadet             C/Capt

          Cadet Major                  Cadet             C/Maj

    Cadet Lieutenant Colonel           Cadet            C/Lt Col

         Cadet Colonel                 Cadet             C/Col

Air Force Officer Rank:

  Pay grade           Rank name          Verbal address   Abbreviation   Picture

     O-1           Second Lieutenant       Lieutenant         2Lt

     O-2            First Lieutenant       Lieutenant         1Lt

     O-3                Captain             Captain          Capt

     O-4                 Major               Major            Maj

     O-5          Lieutenant Colonel        Colonel          Lt Col

     O-6                Colonel             Colonel           Col

     O-7           Brigadier General        General        Brig Gen

     O-8             Major General          General        Maj Gen

     O-9          Lieutenant General        General         Lt Gen

    O-10                General             General           Gen

Company Grade Officers: 2Lt, 1Lt, Capt
Field Grade Officers: Maj, Lt Col, Col
General Officers: Brig Gen thru Gen

Air Force Enlisted Rank:

 Pay grade        Rank name           Verbal address   Abbreviation    Picture
    E-1          Airman Basic            Airman            AB         No insignia
   E-2              Airman               Airman           Amn

   E-3         Airman First Class        Airman           A1C

   E-4           Senior Airman           Airman            SrA

   E-5           Staff Sergeant         Sergeant          SSgt

   E-6        Technical Sergeant        Sergeant          TSgt

   E-7          Master Sergeant         Sergeant          MSgt

   E-8       Senior Master Sergeant     Sergeant         SMSgt

   E-9       Chief Master Sergeant        Chief          CMSgt

Proper Verbal Greetings:
When addressing an officer, always use proper titles. Proper titles include: their rank, their rank
and last name, or Sir/Ma‟am. When addressing an NCO, use their rank, or their rank and last
name (do not address them as Sir/Ma'am). Proper greetings follow:

      "Good morning, Colonel Adams."
      "Good evening, Master Sergeant Williams."
      Greet groups of officers as appropriate: "Good morning (afternoon or evening) officers."
      Greet groups of NCOs as appropriate: "Good morning (afternoon or evening) ladies and
       (or) gentlemen)."
      Greet mixed groups (officers, NCOs, males, females) appropriately as "ladies and (or)
      Address other cadets as "Cadet (last name)."

                              Cadets must refer to each
                             other as “Cadet (last name)”
                                   while in uniform.

                                 Warrior Knowledge

Knowing information like the Air Force Mission, the Code of Conduct, and the Honor Code
helps a cadet succeed at field training and in ROTC. Much of this information will be a required
part of the LLAB curriculum.
                                                              Start learning the required Warrior
Air Force Vision 2020:                                    Knowledge right away. At LLAB, you will be
                                                          able to earn Honor points for your flight by
Global Vigilance, Reach and Power.                         correctly reciting the Warrior Knowledge.

Air Force Mission:
To defend the US and protect its interests through aerospace power.

ROTC Mission:
To produce leaders for the Air Force and build better citizens for America.

The Honor Code:
We will not lie, steal, or cheat nor tolerate among us anyone who does.

Air Force Core Values:
Integrity first, service before self, excellence in all we do.

Oath of Office:
I, (Full Name), having been appointed a (Rank) in the United States Air Force, do solemnly
swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all
enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take
this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well
and faithfully discharge the duties of the office upon which I am about to enter, SO HELP ME

                                    The Code of Conduct:

Article 1: I am an American, fighting in the forces which guard my country and our way of life.
I am prepared to give my life in their defense.

Article 2: I will never surrender of my own free will. If in command, I will never surrender the
members of my command while they still have the means to resist.

Article 3: If I am captured, I will continue to resist by all means available. I will make every
effort to escape and aid others to escape. I will accept neither parole nor special favors from the

Article 4: If I become a prisoner of war, I will keep faith with my fellow prisoners. I will give no
information nor take part in any action which might be harmful to my comrades. If I am senior, I
will take command. If not I will obey the lawful orders of those appointed over me and will back
them up in every way.

Article 5: When questioned, should I become a prisoner of war, I am required to give my name,
rank, service number, and date of birth. I will evade answering further questions to the utmost of
my ability. I will make no oral or written statements disloyal to my country and its allies or
harmful to their cause.

Article 6: I will never forget that I am an American, fighting for freedom, responsible for my
actions, and dedicated to the principles which made my country free. I will trust in my God and
in the Unites States of America.

Phonetic Alphabet:

A: Alpha               N: November
B: Bravo               O: Oscar
C: Charlie             P: Papa
D: Delta               Q: Quebec
E: Echo                R: Romeo
F: Foxtrot             S: Sierra
G: Golf                T: Tango
H: Hotel               U: Uniform
I: India               V: Victor
J: Juliet              W: Whiskey
K: Kilo                X: X-ray
L: Lima                Y: Yankee
M: Mike                Z: Zulu

                                       Air Force Song:
Off we go into the wild blue yonder, climbing high into the sun;
Here they come zooming to meet our thunder, at'em boys, giv „er the gun!
Down we dive spouting our flames from under, off with one helluva-roar;
We live in fame or go down in flame, Hey! Nothing'll stop the US Air Force!

Minds of men fashioned a crate of thunder, sent it high into the blue;
Hands of men blasted the world asunder, how they lived God only knew!
Souls of men dreaming of skies to conquer, gave us wings, ever to soar,
With scouts before and bombers galore, Hey! Nothing‟ll stop the US Air Force!

Here‟s a toast to the host of those who love the vastness of the sky,
To a friend we send the message of his brother men who fly.
We drink to those who gave their all of old.
Then down we roar to score the rainbow‟s pot of gold.
A toast to the host of men we boast, the US Air Force!

Off we go into the wild sky yonder, keep the wings level and true;
If you live to be a gray-haired wonder, keep the nose out of the blue!
Flying men guarding the nation's border, we'll be there followed by more!
In echelon, we carry on, nothing‟ll stop the US Air Force.

The Air Force song can be found at: http://www2.accc.af.mil/music/afsongs/lyrics.html

                                  Physical Fitness
Physical Training is held three times a week (Monday, Wednesday and Friday) at the Carpenter
Sports Building off of North College Avenue at 0630. You will need your Student ID to gain
access to the gym. It is a great time to work out with other cadets and have some fun. Cadets are
required to attend two of the three PT sessions each week, but are highly encouraged to attend all

PT sessions are run by the Physical Fitness Officer (PFO). The PFO is a POC cadet who plans
and executes each PT session.

Most exercises are done as a flight. Basic calisthenics include crunches, push-ups, body builders,
flutter kicks and side straddle hops. The wing also goes on warrior runs around campus and
through White Clay Creek, a state park adjacent to the University of Delaware campus

PT will not get you into perfect shape. You must continually work out on your own.

                  How to pass the PFT (Physical Fitness Test)

(Consult with a physician before starting any exercise program.)

    - Take the entire test early in order to get a baseline for improvement.
    - Develop a plan to improve your physical fitness.
           o The plan should include exercise to improve each event score.
           o Emphasize the events you struggle with to improve overall score.
           o Make the plan a part of your lifestyle.
           o If possible, find a friend (or friends) to work out with on a regular basis.
           o Stay positive and stay with it.
    - Set short-term and long-term goals for yourself.
           o Set six-week goals, semester goals, and Field-Training Board goals for improving
               individual event score and the overall score.
           o Ask your instructor for the average scores for those programs for which you want
               to be selected.

Work the PFT exercises and running into your overall lifestyle. Use small amounts of time to
improve overall fitness.

    - Break periods of study by performing individual exercises. (Read a chapter or finish an
      assignment and do some push-ups.)
    - Clear the mind after a long study session by going for a run.
    - You don‟t need to be at a gym or fitness center to improve on your PFT. Be creative.
    - Work on sit-ups and push-ups in your room.

Just remember that you don‟t need to be an athlete to pass the PFT. You just need to get in and
stay in “PFT” shape.

 “Before I joined AFROTC, I thought that I wouldn’t last long in the program because I was out
of shape. But the people here at the detachment motivated me to get in shape. The only person
who ever doubted that I would pass the PFT was me.”

                       Mandatory Week of an AS100
PT             0630-0730            You are only required to attend 2 of the 3 PT
                                    sessions per week. PT is held in the first
Tuesday                             gym of the Carpenter Sports Building, unless
AFSC110        1100-1215            otherwise noted.

PT             0630-0730            You will only attend one AFSC class. Check
                                    your class schedule.
AFSC110        1400-1515
LLAB           1530-1730            LLAB is held in Sharp Lab, unless otherwise
                                    noted. Information on LLAB can be found at
Friday                              http://www.udel.edu/afrotc/cadet/opsorders.htm
PT             0630-0730

These are the activities that are mandatory for every cadet. The rest of the time is yours! Cadets
spend the rest of the week going to classes, joining other organizations, and just enjoying life as
college students. Remember, classes always come first.

                             Some Keys for Success
DON'T PROCRASTINATE - procrastination can lead to much un-necessary stress and
disorganization. Try to do things as soon as possible so you don't get caught off guard at the last

TIME MANAGEMENT - plan out your week and your day beforehand. Having good time
management helps reduce stress. It also helps you stay ahead of the game.

STAY ORGANIZED - as you progress through the semester, you will encounter heavier levels
of school work. Organization is key.

                  Extra Activities for ROTC Cadets

Arnold Air Society (AAS)
AAS is a professional, honorary, service organization dedicated to the development of effective
Air Force officers. The primary purpose of this organization is to provide community service as
well as to promote awareness of the Air Force and the military within the community.
Membership in AAS is dependent upon the completion of an 8-12 week candidate training
process. Cadets may join AAS after completing their first AS100 semester.

Civil Air Patrol (CAP)
Detachment 128 works with the Delaware Civil Air Patrol Wing to coordinate orientation flights
for cadets. Cadets can fly up to four 1-hour front seat sorties and four 1-hour back seat sorties.

Color Guard
The Color Guard is led by the Cadet Drill and Ceremonies Officer. They are responsible for
posting and retrieving the Colors at all LLABs. They also present the Colors for football games
and parades. Generally consisting of GMC cadets, the Color Guard is trained at the discretion of
the Cadet Drill and Ceremonies Officer.

Norman H. Schwarzkopf Leadership Community
The N.H.S. Leadership Community is located in Ray Street Housing. Living here gives students
the opportunity to live with other cadets. Community members are required to complete service
projects each semester. Also, there are mandatory biweekly meetings. The community has its
own lounge with wireless internet access, a refrigerator and microwave, and a TV. For further
information, call Housing and they can direct you to the president of the community.

Pershing Rifles
Pershing Rifles is a military fraternity dedicated to drill and ceremony and consists of Army and
Air Force cadets, as well as other college students. The purpose of the National Society of
Pershing Rifles is to develop, to the highest degree possible, outstanding traits of leadership,
military science, military bearing, and discipline within the framework of a military oriented,
honorary fraternity.

Silver Wings (SW)
SW is a national, co-ed professional organization dedicated to creating proactive,
knowledgeable, and effective civic leaders through community service and education about
national defense. SW is open to both cadets and non-cadets and works closely with AAS to
support the Air Force. They participate in many community service activities and fundraisers to
help promote community awareness of the Air Force.

Recruiting Team
The Recruiting Team is led by the Recruiting and Retention Squadron Commander. The team
consists of cadet volunteers from the wing. The team participates in recruiting events such as
high school visits and University Career / Decision Days. A ribbon can be earned for constant

                      Links and Contact Information
Customs and Courtesies

Dress and Personal Appearance of Air Force Personnel

Fitness Standards

Air Force ROTC Fact Sheet

For information regarding cadet pay, scholarship payments, or medical status, please contact the
Detachment‟s Administrative Office.

Contact Information:

AFROTC Detachment 128
University of Delaware
314 Wyoming Road
Newark, DE 19711

Tel. (302) 831-2863
Fax: (302) 831-1459

Web: www.udel.edu/afrotc

Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps

       Detachment 128
       University of Delaware



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