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China_today

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									CHINA TODAY
Chapter 26 section 3
   I. China’s economy
      A. command economy: an economic system
       in which the gov’t owns all businesses and
       makes all economic decisions
       1.example: where ppl work
       2. in 1970’s, China began allowing aspects of
        a market economy(ppl choose careers, decide
        what to make or sell, and keep the profits they
        earn) b/c they had economic problems
 3.   mixed economy had helped China’s
    economic boom – 2nd largest economy in
    the world
 B. agriculture and industry
  1. most Chinese are farmers
  2. world’s leading producer of
     a. rice
     b. wheat
     c. corn
     d. potatoes
3. 10% land good for farming (arable)
4. industry is rapidly growing
  a. satellites and chemicals
  b. clothing and toys
  c. industry and manufacturing are most
    profitable part of China’s economy
 C. results of economic growth
  1. improved wages and standard of living
  2. most homes have electricity
  3. ppl can afford TVs, computers, and cars
  4. rural areas - ppl poor and
   unemployment is high
   II. China’s government
      A. gov’t tightly controls most areas of life
         1. newspapers
         2. Internet
      B. harshly punishes those who oppose gov’t
       1. 1989 100,000 pro-democracy protestors
        gathered in Tiananmen Square
       2. when they wouldn’t leave, gov’t sent in troops
        and tanks
       3. hundreds killed, many more injured or
        imprisoned
 C. harsh action against ethnic rebellions
  1. 1959 Tibetans rebelled and China
   quickly crushed revolt
  2. the Dalai Lama (Buddhist leader) fled to
   India
  3. cracked down on Tibetans’ rights
 D.  China’s accused of not respecting human
  rights
 E. some countries want to limit or stop
  trading w/China
   III. Rural and Urban China
      A. rural China
        1. most ppl live in small, rural villages
        2. use same farming methods for decades
        3. not modern
      B. urban China
       1. ppl leave villages for cities
       2. growing econ. – rapid urbanization
3.  major cities on coast or along major
 rivers
4. Shanghai
   a. lgest city w/13 million ppl
   b. leading seaport and industrial and
    commercial center
   c. has European feel and nightlife
5. Beijing (Peking)
  a. second lgest
  b. capital
  c. mix of old and new
  d. political and cultural center
6. Hong Kong
   a. major port city
   b. center of trade and tourism
c. colony of UK until 1997
d. mix of cultures
e. modern
7. Macao
 a. major port city
 b. center of trade and tourism
 c. colony of Portugal until 1999
 d. modern
 e. mix of cultures
   IV. China’s environment
      A. econ and urban growth – serious issues
       1. cars and factories pollute air and water
       2. coal used for electricity
      B. loss of forests and farmland
       1. trees cut down w/out replanting
       2. cities built on best farmland
 C. working to address these issues
   1. move toward hydroelectric power
   2. Three Gorges Dam on Chang Jiang River
      a. finished in 2009
      b. world’s lgest dam
      c. generate as much electricity as 15 coal-
       burning plants
      d. hundreds of towns and cities under water
      e. loss of farmland
      f. millions have had to move

								
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