Ports Environmental Management Frame Work

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					PENAF conference
Tema, Ghana




  Port Environmental Management


                     Herman Journée
                   Director Strategic Development
                         Port of Amsterdam
                   Chairman Ecoports Foundation
Content Presentation

1. Ports and environmental Legislation
2. Environmental Priorities in European Ports
3. Ecoports Port Environmental Management
Conclusion
View of the European Commission:




   “ports need environmental control”
Ports in Europe 2010




160 environmental laws and regulations
   to be implemented in the port area
 Many environmental laws:

                      Bring
           Important improvements
                    But also
          •new liabilities and risks for ports


                  And Require
           •port improvement programs
          •monitoring improvements and
           •reporting them to legislators


PORT ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM NEEDED!
                 No easy task to implement!

                                      CITY / HOUSING AREA

Integrated Coastal Zone Management           Industrial Noise Directive
Air Quality Directive      PORT and          Waste Directive
                           port expansion area
Water Frame Work Directive                   Birds and Habitat Directive
Water Frame Work Daughter Directive          EC Seaports Policy
Motorways of the Sea                         Security rules
Maritime Spatial Planning                    Safety rules
Maritime Green Paper                         Environmental Liability Directive
Marpol

                        Communication on Logistics
                SEA
                        Action program logistics
                                                                   CANAL
Environmental impact Transport Sector



 Results recent surveys force to environmental improvements

 •   Transport sector: largest user of energy

 •   Transport sector: largest producer of CO2
     European Commission 2010:
 new policy to make ports and transport
               sustainable

‘White Book’ : new Policy for Transport in preparation



                            priority issue:

make ports and transport between seaports and their hinterland
  more sustainable by cooperation in the logistic corridor
Content Presentation

1. Ports and environmental Legislation
2. Environmental Priorities in European Ports
3. Ecoports Port Environmental Management
Conclusion
[1]   ESPO Survey 1996
[2]   ESPO Survey 2004

1. Ports and Environment

Top 10 Port Environmental Priorities
                1996                      2004                    2009
1.              Port Development: water Garbage/Port Waste        Noise
2.              Water Quality             Dredging: operations    Air Quality
3.              Dredging: disposal        Dredging: disposal      Garbage/Port Waste
4.              Dredging: operations      Dust                    Dredging: operations
5.              Dust                      Noise                   Dredging: disposal
6.              Port development : land   Airquality              Relationship with local
                                                                  Community
7.              Contaminated Land         Hazardous Cargo         Energy Consumption
8.              Habitat Loss/degradation Bunkering                Dust
9.              Traffic Volume            Port development:land   Port Development: water
10.             Industrial Effluent       Ship Discharge: bilge   Port development: land
[1]   ESPO Survey 1996
[2]   ESPO Survey 2004


The influence of port size on the environmental priorities (2009)

                                                            10 - 25 million
          < 1 million tonnes      1 - 10 million tonnes     tonnes                    > 25 million tonnes
          (24 ports)              (47 ports)                (23 ports)                (28 ports)
1         Garbage/ Port waste     Dredging: operations      Air quality               Air quality
                                                            Port development
2         Noise                   Air quality               (water)                   Noise
3         Dredging: disposal      Energy consumption        Noise                     Garbage/ Port waste
4         Dredging: operations    Noise                     Dust                      Dredging: operations
                                                            Relationship with local   Port development
5         Energy Consumption      Dust                      community                 (land)
                                                                                      Relationship with local
6         Dust                    Dredging: disposal        Garbage/ Port waste       community
          Relationship with local
7         community               Garbage/ Port waste       Energy consumption        Dredging: disposal
                                  Relationship with local   Port development
8         Bunkering               community                 (land)                    Conservation areas
                                                                                      Port development
9         Ship waste              Ship waste                Ship waste                (water)
          Cargo spillage          Port development
10        (handling)              (land)                    Dredging: disposal        Climate change
[1]   ESPO Survey 1996
[2]   ESPO Survey 2004


Changes over time in selected environmental performance indicators


Environmental Management component                   1996   2004   2009   Percentage    change
                                                     %      %      %      (2004-2009)
Does the port authority have an environmental 45            58     72     +14
policy?
Is the policy made available to the public?        -        59     62     +3
Does the policy aim to improve environmental 32             49     58     +9
standards beyond those required under legislation?
Does the port publish an annual environmental -             31     43     +12
review or report?
Does the port have designated environmental 55              67     69     +2
personnel?
Does the port have an environmental management -            21     48     +27
system?
Is environmental monitoring carried out in the port? 53     65     77     +12
Has your port identified environmental indicators to -      48     60     +12
Monitor trends in environmental performance?
Is there a defined procedure for consulting with the -      36     37     +1
local community on the port’s environmental
programme?
[1]   ESPO Survey 1996
[2]   ESPO Survey 2004




Top-10 2009              Initiatives to put policy in practice
Noise                    EcoPorts Noise Management System for ports. The NoMEPorts (Noise
                         Management in European Ports) project (2005-2008) under the umbrella of
                         the EcoPorts Foundation developed a noise management system for ports.
Air quality              World Port Climate Initiative (WPCI) projects: In particular the Environmental
                         Ship Index and the Onshore Power Supply projects aim to improve local air
                         quality in ports.
Garbage / Port waste ESPO Environmental Code of Practice
Dredging: operations     ESPO Code of Practice on the Birds and Habitats Directives
Dredging: disposal       ESPO Code of Practice on the Birds and Habitats Directives
Relationship with        ESPO Award on Societal Integration of Ports / Code of Practice
local community
Energy consumption       World Port Climate Initiative (WPCI) projects
Dust                     World Port Climate Initiative (WPCI) projects
Port Development         ESPO Code of Practice on the Birds and Habitats Directives
(water)
Port Development         ESPO Code of Practice on the Birds and Habitats Directives
(land)
Content Presentation

1. Ports and environmental Legislation
2. Environmental Priorities in European Ports
3. Ecoports Port Environmental Management
Conclusion
              Ecoports
Port Environmental Management System
1. Ports and Environment
EcoPorts: Basic Port Environmental Management System

                                Preparation Phase
                      create awareness and deliver knowledge
1. Ports and Environment
EcoPorts: Basic Port Environmental Management System



                               Introduction Phase
            4 STEPS (and Tools) to introduce port environmental management


 STEP 1. Self Diagnosis: identify environmental priorities and risks
 STEP 2. Find and implement solutions
 STEP 3. Monitor and report improvements
 STEP 4. Demonstrate your basic environmental competence
Step by step
     ECOPORTS Port Environmental Management System
     implementation starts improvement




1. Creating Awareness
+ Knowledge
                                                            Time
PREPARATION             IMPLEMENTATION        IMPROVEMENT
      ECOPORTS Port Environmental Management System
      implementation starts improvement




2. Port Environmental Self
Diagnosis



1. Creating Awareness
+ Knowledge
                                                            Time
PREPARATION                  IMPLEMENTATION   IMPROVEMENT
       SDM: Port Environmental Self Diagnosis Method
       risk analysis and benchmark against the port average and ISO / EMAS

        M4: Environmental Training                                                        EMS                                  European Responses
No:     Question                                                                     EMAS  ISO   1998   1999 2000   SWOT   Ans(%) Yes(%) Partial(%) No(%)
4.01    Are all employees aware of the importance of compliance with environmental
        policy?                                                                                                            100.0%   31.3%   46.9% 21.9%
4.02    Are all employees aware of the potential environmental effects of their work
        activities?                                                                                                        100.0%   40.6%   50.0%    9.4%
4.03    Are all employees aware of their responsibility to conform to the
        environmental policy and management objectives?                                                                    100.0%   28.1%   40.6% 31.3%
4.04    Are all employees aware of consequences of non-compliance?                                                          96.9%   19.4%   45.2% 35.5%
4.05    Are all employees aware of the environmental benefits of improved
        performance?                                                                                                        96.9%   19.4%   61.3% 19.4%
4.06    Are all employees aware of the economic benefits of improved performance?                                           96.9%   16.1%   48.4% 35.5%
4.1     Have the environmental training requirements of employees been
        identified?                                                                                                         93.8%   26.7%           73.3%
4.21    Are relevant Port personnel trained in standard environmental operating
        procedures?                                                                                                        100.0%   25.0%   40.6% 34.4%
4.22    Are relevant Port personnel trained in pollution prevention and reduction
        equipment use?                                                                                                     100.0%   40.6%   43.8% 15.6%
4.3     Does the Port authority have an environmental training program for
        its employees?                                                                                                      96.9%   16.1%           83.9%
4.4     Do you maintain a full record of environmental training for each
        employee?                                                                                                           96.9%   35.5%           64.5%
4.51    Trainees name, location and job description?                                                                        59.4%   57.9%           42.1%
4.52    Nature and date of training course?                                                                                 59.4%   57.9%           42.1%
4.53    Trainee feedback?                                                                                                   59.4%   42.1%           57.9%
4.54    Effectiveness of training?                                                                                          59.4%   26.3%           73.7%
                                                                                                                            87.7%   32.2%
       ECOPORTS Port Environmental Management System
                     implementation starts improvement




2. Port Environmental Self
Diagnosis
Risk/Gap Analysis / benchmarking


1. Creating Awareness
+ Knowledge
                                                               Time
PREPARATION                IMPLEMENTATION        IMPROVEMENT
      ECOPORTS Port Environmental Management System
      implementation starts improvement




3. Port Environmental Review System     PERS




2. Port Environmental Self
Diagnosis
Risk/Gap Analysis / benchmarking


1. Creating Awareness
+ Knowledge
                                                             Time
PREPARATION                IMPLEMENTATION      IMPROVEMENT
                       Port Environmental Review System PERS
     Central part: Environmental Aspects Register


Port Related
Activity     Road              Rail                Ship             Port Area




Environmental
Aspect
        Air Quality         Air Quality          Air Quality       Air Quality
        Noise               Noise
                                                 Water Quality     Water Quality
        Soil Quality                                               Soil Quality
                            Habitat Loss         Effect Habitats   Effect Habitats
        Safety              Safety                                 PortCity relation
       ECOPORTS Port Environmental Management System
                     implementation starts improvement




3. Port Environmental Review System            PERS

                          PERS Certification

2. Port Environmental Self
Diagnosis
Risk/Gap Analysis / benchmarking


1. Creating Awareness
+ Knowledge
                                                                    Time
PREPARATION                IMPLEMENTATION             IMPROVEMENT
       ECOPORTS Port Environmental Management System
                     implementation starts improvement

                              4.Environmental Performance
                                       ISO 14001Certification


3.Port Environmental Review System             PERS
                          PERS Certification

2. Port Environmental Self
Diagnosis
Risk/Gap Analysis / benchmarking


1. Creating Awareness
+ Knowledge
                                                                    Time
PREPARATION                IMPLEMENTATION             IMPROVEMENT
            PERS and ISO 14001

• ISO
   – Environmental aspects in one organisation
   – Checks detailed management documentation

• PERS
   – Environmental aspects in port organisation and port area
   – Checks a part of the ISO management elements
                          Future

•   Ecoports stops end of 2010 but the European Seaports
    Organisation continues with Ecoports tools for its members

•   New Foundation Created: for Sustainable Management Tools
     – ECO SustainableLogistic Chain (2010)www.ECOSLC.eu
     – Is Set up with core team, that developed the Ecoports Tools
Content Presentation

1.Ports and environmental Legislation
2.Environmental Priorities in European Ports
3.Ecoports Port Environmental Management
Conclusion
                  Conclusion
The implementation of so many environmental laws and regulations
  requires

•   Cooperation

•   Exchange of good practice experience

•   A port environmental management system

				
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Description: Ports Environmental Management Frame Work document sample