Unit One Worksheet Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Which of the following does not describe "wellness"? a. purposeful, enjoyable living b. the integration of body, mind, and spirit c. the absence of disease or infirmity d. a deliberate lifestyle choice ____ 2. Looking at health and the individual as a whole rather than part by part describes: a. physical health. b. wellness. c. holistic health. d. total well-being. ____ 3. Psychological health gives individuals the ability to do all the following EXCEPT: a. express emotions. b. function independently. c. diagnose emotional problems. d. cope with daily stressors. ____ 4. All of the following are essential components of spiritual health EXCEPT: a. attending a religious service on a weekly basis. b. helping others achieve their full potential. c. finding purpose in life. d. experiencing love, joy, peace, and fulfillment. ____ 5. All of the following are associated with intellectual health EXCEPT: a. your openness to new ideas. b. your ability to think and learn from life's experiences. c. your mental stability. d. your capacity to question and evaluate information. ____ 6. The ability to develop satisfying interpersonal relationships is an example of which component of health? a. behavioral b. social c. sexual d. intellectual ____ 7. Health literacy: a. teaches one how to be smart. b. is the ability to understand health information to make good decisions. c. involves consumer advocacy for health. d. teaches medical jargon to you. ____ 8. All of the following are types of influences that shape our behaviors EXCEPT: a. enabling factors. b. predisposing factors. c. preventive factors. d. reinforcing factors. ____ 9. Which of the following would be considered a predisposing factor to changing behavior? a. attitudes, values, and perceptions b. previous exposure to illness c. encouragement for meeting a goal d. physical and mental capacity ____ 10. Individuals are more likely to change a health behavior if they hold all the following beliefs EXCEPT: a. They realize there are negative consequences to their behavior. b. They believe that there is a high price to pay if they don't change. c. They believe there are benefits to change. d. They believe that a higher power controls their behavior. ____ 11. A teenager decides to wait until he is married to have sex because he believes it's the right thing to do. This is an example of which type of influencing factor? a. behavioral b. reinforcing c. predisposing d. enabling ____ 12. Having a membership to a health club is an example of which type of influencing factor? a. predisposing b. enabling c. reinforcing d. behavioral ____ 13. Encouragement and recognition for meeting a goal describes: a. reinforcing factors. b. enabling factors. c. behavioral factors. d. predisposing factors. ____ 14. When a person is planning to make a change within the next 30 days, it means that they have been engaged in which stage of change? a. contemplation b. preparation c. maintenance d. action ____ 15. When a person is now practicing his/her new behavioral change, the person is said to be in the ____ stage. a. contemplation b. preparation c. maintenance d. action ____ 16. Working with a personal trainer is an example of: a. environmental control. b. emotional arousal. c. countering. d. helping relationships. ____ 17. Joining Alcoholics Anonymous for help with a drinking problem is an example of: a. commitment. b. social liberation. c. emotional arousal. d. rewards. ____ 18. Which of the following change processes might include getting rid of your stash of cigarettes? a. self-reevaluation b. rewards c. environmental control d. commitment ____ 19. To change a negative behavior, the first step you should take would be to: a. get your physician's permission. b. become aware of the behavior. c. talk with family members. d. join a support group. ____ 20. Which of the following distinguishes emotional health? a. feelings and moods b. mental stability c. thoughts d. social well-being ____ 21. Perceiving reality as it is, responding to its challenges, and developing rational strategies demonstrates which of the following? a. spiritual health b. emotional health c. mental health d. social health ____ 22. All of the following are characteristics of mental health EXCEPT: a. the ability to form relationships. b. being suspicious of the motivations of others. c. the ability to carry out responsibilities. d. logical thought processes. ____ 23. The ability to identify one's basic purpose in life and to experience the fulfillment of achieving one's full potential demonstrates which type of health? a. emotional health b. spiritual health c. social health d. intellectual health ____ 24. According to Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, which of the following would be achieved by individuals who function at the highest possible level? a. marital bliss b. terminal happiness c. self-actualization d. basic fulfillment ____ 25. All of the following are true of self-esteem EXCEPT: a. Self-esteem is a belief or pride in oneself. b. Self-esteem develops over time. c. You are not born with self-esteem. d. Self-esteem is based on external factors. ____ 26. Which of the following describes an inclination to expect the best possible outcome? a. happiness b. assertiveness c. optimism d. altruism ____ 27. Which of the following describes a sustained emotional state that colors one's view the world for hours or days? a. a feeling b. an idea c. a mood d. a thought ____ 28. All of the following are benefits of altruism EXCEPT: a. lower mental stress. b. enhanced psychological well-being. c. higher intelligence. d. increased self-esteem. ____ 29. Individuals who are true to themselves and develop independence demonstrate which of the following characteristics? a. optimistic b. autonomy c. assertiveness d. extroversion ____ 30. An autonomous individual has a locus of control that is: a. negative. b. internal. c. individualized. d. external. ____ 31. Self-esteem is based upon which factors to feel confident and satisfied? a. external factors b. one is born with self-esteem c. people can give you self-esteem d. what you truly believe and feel about yourself ____ 32. One of the best-reported predictors of college adjustment is: a. good grades in high school. b. strong spiritual and moral values. c. high self-esteem. d. being positive and happy about your life. ____ 33. The technique of 'reframing' one's attitude refers to: a. using humor in a negative situation. b. being independent in determining one's attitude. c. developing an external locus of control. d. looking at a negative experience in a more positive light. ____ 34. When one wants to be assertive, all are true EXCEPT: a. using "I" statements to explain how you feel. b. being aggressive and powerful over the other person. c. listening and acknowledging the other person you are talking to. d. being direct and specific in your assessment of the problem or conflict you are dealing with. ____ 35. A true key to overcoming loneliness is: a. joining a social group. b. not becoming involved with intimate relationships so you won't get hurt. c. learning to reach out to others. d. learning proper social responses when talking to people. ____ 36. Spirituality is: a. the same as religiosity. b. identifying with the basic purpose in life and experiencing one's full potential. c. giving to your church on a regular basis. d. praying at least once a day. ____ 37. The vivid dreams stage of sleep occurs at which point? a. non-REM stage 1 twilight zone b. stage 3 delta slow wave sleep c. REM sleep d. dozing off stage during a power nap ____ 38. A common sleep disorder that usually occurs among people who work odd shifts or switch from a daytime to night shift is: a. circadian rhythm disorder. b. sleep apnea. c. restless leg syndrome. d. insomnia. ____ 39. How does one's culture help to define psychological health? a. the way men and women express feelings either passively or intensely b. having a shared set of attitudes, values, and goals c. reinforces values and beliefs and creates a sense of belonging and purpose d. all of these choices ____ 40. When a person is said to be socially isolated, he or she is: a. experiencing severe social anxiety. b. very fearful of social situations. c. feeling unconnected with others. d. being reclusive and unfriendly. ____ 41. To attain the highest level of psychological health, one must first satisfy which of the following? a. physiological needs b. safety and security c. love and affection d. all of these choices ____ 42. Which of the following describes eustress? a. chronic stress b. positive stress c. a nonspecific response d. negative stress ____ 43. Distress refers to: a. negative effects of stress. b. alarm reactions of the body. c. happy events in our life. d. adaptation of harmful events. ____ 44. Homeostasis means that our body is: a. in an unstable physiological state. b. in a stable and consistent physiological state. c. in a constant state of exhaustion. d. none of these choices ____ 45. During which stage of the general adaptation syndrome does the body mobilize internal resources to try to sustain homeostasis? a. adaptive b. alarm c. resistance d. exhaustion ____ 46. Any additional stress may cause a breakdown during which stage of the general adaptation syndrome? a. adaptive b. alarm c. resistance d. exhaustion ____ 47. All of the following are considered stress hormones EXCEPT: a. catecholamines. b. testosterone. c. cortisol. d. epinephrine. ____ 48. The body undergoes many physiological changes that occur during the fight-or-flight response EXCEPT: a. The heart pumps more blood. b. Breathing quickens. c. The brain becomes extra alert. d. The digestive system speeds up. ____ 49. Which trait relevant to the Type A personality is most harmful? a. confidence b. pride c. hostility d. determination ____ 50. All of the following are diseases that may be influenced by stress EXCEPT: a. sickle cell anemia. b. common cold. c. tuberculosis. d. infections. ____ 51. All of the following are emotional reactions to stress EXCEPT: a. becoming depressed. b. feeling anxious. c. crying. d. becoming angry. ____ 52. All of the following are strategies for defusing test stress EXCEPT: a. Map out a study schedule ahead of time. b. Remain positive, focused, and confident. c. Never talk with other students because they may confuse you. d. Take regular stretch breaks. ____ 53. All of the following are true statements concerning burnout EXCEPT: a. Individuals with an external locus of control have lower burnout rates. b. Younger employees between the ages of 30-40 have higher burnout rates. c. Unmarried individuals are more prone to burnout. d. Those in helping professions have a greater risk of burnout. ____ 54. If you wanted to apply a relaxation technique that works by intentionally increasing and then decreasing tension in the muscles, you would do: a. biofeedback. b. guided imagery. c. progressive relaxation. d. meditation. ____ 55. When you use a relaxation technique that involves creating mental pictures that calm you down and focus your mind, you are using: a. visualization. b. mindfulness. c. meditation. d. biofeedback. ____ 56. When you are sitting quietly for 20 minutes while concentrating on an image or word while breathing slowly and rhythmically, you are practicing: a. visualization. b. mindfulness. c. meditation. d. biofeedback. ____ 57. A modern form of an ancient Asian technique called mindfulness uses the principle of: a. visualizing positive thoughts. b. maintaining an awareness of the present moment. c. meditating on prayers or chants. d. biofeedback. ____ 58. Biofeedback would employ which of the following techniques? a. visualization of pleasant images b. distressing exercises c. meditation d. electronic monitoring device to gain control over muscle tension and heart rate ____ 59. All of the following are factors that enable individuals to thrive in the face of adversity EXCEPT: a. A "so what" attitude. b. secure personal relationships. c. spirituality. d. self-efficacy. ____ 60. All of the following are telltale symptoms of poor time management EXCEPT: a. rushing. b. feeling in control. c. difficulty in making decisions. d. missing deadlines.