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					  Grid Status and
Perspective in China

     Sun Gongxing
     IHEP, Beijing
        Main Grid Projects in

   NHPCE—the National High Performance
    Computing Environment (MOST, 863
   VEGA—Grid Project around Dawning
    SuperServer (ICT,CAS).
   SDG—the Scientific Data Grid Project (CNIC,
   ChinaGrid—the MOE Project.
   HEP Data Grid (currently IHEP).
Network Infrastructure
  Overview in China
      Overview of International
       Network Links of China
   CN-HK   CERNET/HARNET      2Mbps
   CN-HK   C&SNET           45Mpbs
   CN-JP   CERNET            10Mpbs
   CN-US   CERNET           10Mpbs
   CN-US   CERNET          200Mpbs
   CN-UK   CERNET            2Mpbs
   CN-US    CSNET           55Mpbs
   CN       IEEAF          10.6Gbps
      1 Network Infrastructures for
     Science and Technology in China

   The CSTNET— the China Science and
    Technology Network
    - One of the earliest networks in China and
      the first full-functional interconnection
      with U.S
    - 55Mbps international link (upgrade to
      100Mbps soon).
    - Topology as Fig. 1
    2 NSFCNET—Natural Science
    Foundation of China Network

Sponsor: National Science Foundation of
 China (NSFC)
- A test bed for advanced high speed network
 research, native multicast enabled
- 6 main nodes (all in Beijing)
- Topology is as Fig. 2.
        3 The Internet2 Testbed

•    Support scientific research, development
     and test of next generation network.
    - High-speed connection with VBNS and
     Abiene (connected to STARTAP in
     Sep,2000) .
    - 2.5/10Gbps DWDM Backbone ( dual
    - Will inter-connect 200 nodes, including
     100 universities and 100 institutes.
- Networking infrastructure is a part of the
 effort, the more important is development of
 applications, particularly grid-enabled
- Funding 400 million Yuan (~40M US$).
        4 CAINONET—China
       Advanced Info. Optic Net

 A 863-300 key project
 self-owned technologies and products for
  next-generation inter-networks
 IP/DWDM,2.5G.
 Topology as Fig. 3
Overview of Grid
Projects in China
        1 The VEGA Project
 Design and implement Grid level system
 Grid oriented super-server—the Dawning
 Service Grid—Providing various services to
  users, for instances, computation,
  messaging, knowledge services.
 Architecture, Grid Operating system,
  application development, etc.
       Vega Grid Architecture

                                 Grid server

Grid browser   Resource router   Grid server

                                 Grid server
         Vega Applications
 Case 1
 Global Grid batch system.
 Applications based on the GOS APIs.
 No center control.
 Shell commands: gsub, gstat, gkill, etc.
 All registered resources are available for
  users, CPU, disk spaces, networks, data,
  software, sercices…..
Global Batch System in Vega
    On-line Transaction System

 Case 2:
 4 different basic services registered to Grid.
  - Whether forcasting.
  - Airline ticket booking.
  - Sigh spot ticket booking.
  - Charging.
 Put these services into a special application.
AN Online Transaction
     2 The China National Grid
 The National High Performance Computing
  Environment—the NHPCE.
 A key 863 programme (MOST).
 Including 9 sites for HPC in the Grid.
  - Interconnected them with available
    networks ( Cernet & NSTnet)
  - equipped each site with
    Dawning 2000/3000, Galaxy 3(20Gflops),
    Sunway 1(460Gflops), PC-cluster(8Gflops).
NHPCE Grid Portal (User Mgt)
NHPCE Grid Portal (Job Submit)
NHPCE Grid Portal(Resource Mgt)
NHPCE Grid Portal(System Monitoring)
NHPCE Grid Portal (utilities)
             NHPCE Applications

   Weather forecasting.
   Petroleum reservoir simulation.
   Bio-information database and applications.
   Numerical wind tunnel simulation.
   Automobile collision simulation.
   Ship structure analysis.
   National scientific databases and applications.
   Digital library.
              Node    Node      Node       Node

  Instr.                                             DB
                                                     Info lib.

                     Gigabit IP Network

                          Internet                     Audio

Camera                DVD

    Tel.                                             Game
           BP,                  PC        Notebook
           Mobile    TV                   HPC
           3 The SDG Project
   By Dec. 2002
    – 31 member institutions
    – 217 databases
    – 3.2 TB
   Classification
    –   numerical: 46%
    –   text: 18%
    –   spatial: 22%
    –   multimedia: 14%
   SDG Universal Metadata Too
• many disciplines in SDG  similarly many or more
metadata standards. it’s not good for us to develop a tool
for every metadata schema individually.
•input metadata for existing databases is more bothersome,
so a ease-to-use tool might be in practice.
•input: a metadata schema (xml DTD).
•output: Web-based, customizable UI.
•LDAP-based Storage.
•Management functions (add, delete, modify and query) ,
back-end is MDIS.
 SDG Universal Metadata Tool
 install &            MD schema

                                            (Java bean)

MDIS                   interim
                         XML                                   page        User
                                            XML engine

     universal, extensible


-metadata is tree-like and more flexible than fix-column tables, difficult to
deal with on web UIuse xml files to store interim results
-use xml files to store interim results

   Virtual Observatory
    – Astronomical data is huge & well documented
    – Most is online & sharable
    – So, Internet is becoming the world’s best
    –   Data integration and federation
        (by many different instruments from many
        different places and many different times)
    –   Ease-to-use for astronomers
    –   LAMOST (aperture: 4m, by 2004)
    –   Collaboration between
        NAO and CNIC
         4 The China Grid
 it is being proposed now, and will be
  founded by MOE ( the Ministry of
  Education), It’s bandwidth is 2.5Gbps,
  connect 100 universities across China.
 And to be inter-connected to NFSCNET.
 Discussion is under way, When? How?
    5 HEP DataGrid in China
(1) BES experiment: the tau-charm
physics International collaboration with
18 domestic universities and 4 foreign
  The major upgrade program BEPCII has
been approved by Chinese Government.
  Increasing   Luminosity by a factor of
  produce   about 3 PB data in 3-5 years.
(2) YangBaJing Cosmic-ray Lab. At
 China-Japan collaboration: air-
  shower array detector since 1990
 China-Italy collaboration: RPC carpet
  detector of 10000 m2 , under
  several domestic and foreign
  universities participate in both
  Data Volume: about several
  hundreds of TB data.
(3)Experiments of LHC: CMS and Atlas
- China physicists are participating in
  MC simulations, and will participate
  in physics analysis.
- build Tier-2 Regional Center at least.
- NSFC delegation visited CERN to
  discuss the collaboration in April
  this year.
(4) Belle and Babar
(5) Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer
          The IHEP Campus Grid
   Building a Campus Grid Computing
    Environment at IHEP).
   Making full use of 7 PC Farms built at IHEP,
    which run separately for various
    experiments which leads to inefficient
    utilization of these PC Farms.
   Topology as Fig.
   IhepGrid monitoring system.
   Rebuilding higher bandwidth connection
    among these PC Farms.
Topological map of IHEP Computing
The PC Farms Hardware Configuration at
          Computing Center
PC Farm OS        No. CPUs Batch     Storage
hepfarm   Linux   23×Intel   OpenPBS 4TB SCSI
          RH7.2   PIII       2. 4
YBJfarm   Linux   32×AM      OpenPBS 1.92TB IDE
          RH7.2   D MP       2.4
LHCfarm Linux     32×AM      OpenPBS 1.28TB IDE
        RH7.2     D MP       2.4
HP Farm   HP-UX   12 ×HP- NQS
The CMS and Atlas PC FARM


The IhepGrid Monitoring System
China HEP Top CA
The Connection of PC Farms at IHEP
        Computing Center
Components of Campus Grid Computing
       Environment at IHEP
     National HEP DataGrid Testbed

 NFSC gives support for HEP application
 there are 2 or 4 universities and IHEP to
  join the project, including PKU, SDU, THU,
  USTC .
 Fund about 1.5million CNY (near 20USD).
 Hopefully, it is able to enhance the
  international collaboration of China.
The On-going and Future Work

 – Develop the Web-based portal of HEP
     and Web services in China.
 –   And Develop various HEP Grid-enabled
 –   Make proposal for building HEP DataGrid
     across China and join Lambda ring or the
     like as a node.
 –   And Regional Center Tier-2 for
     collaboration CMS and ATLAS of LHC in
 –   ……
China HEP DataGrid in the Future
   BES                                                  All data from experiments
                   On line system
                                                        Goes to IHEP Computing Center

                                    Offline processor
  YBJ                                      farm

                               Tier 0
   CERN                                IHEP Computer

                               pku SDU           THU USTC           Tier 2
    Physics data
    cache                                                        This diagram only
                                                Tier 3           Shows HEP
                                                                 DataGrid in China
     China HEP DataGrid Architecture

            discovery      GRAM        GRIS      GSIFTP

             Job Mgt       GIIS/GRIS
browser                      Data             Grid
          Authentication    Service

           User Profile    Compute              Network
              mgt                      NWS
                           Service              service

USER      Portal                       Grid
    The Grid Prospect in China
 NFSC organized the relevant officials and
  scientists to visit CERN, and seek the roadmap of
  grid development in China.
 And recently computer scientists and physicists ….
  sit down together to discuss how to move the
  China grid projects forwards(organized by NFSC).
 Conclusion is China should concentrate on Grid-
  based applications at first, and a few of nationwide
  testbeds need to be built, the first is HEP DataGrid

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