Police Strategic Assessment by mox21474

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									Force Strategic Assessment - Summary
The aim of the Strategic Assessment is to provide an accurate picture of the mid to long
term issues affecting Warwickshire Police.

This report forms a Force wide assessment of operational issues impacting on all levels
of crime affecting the County.

The assessment report reflects the National Policing Priorities set by Government, the
regional priorities for the West Midlands Region, as well as local priorities for
Warwickshire.

The assessment reflects current performance across all five of the Warwickshire Police
Districts in the priority crime areas.

The assessment indicates some of the prevention and enforcement actions in relation to
the priority crime areas whilst giving accurate and up to date comparative performance
for Warwickshire based on performance in the previous year.
              NOT PROTECTIVELY MARKED




Force Strategic Assessment
Contents                                      Pages

Introduction                                  3

Policing Priorities                           4
National Policing Priorities
Regional Priorities
Local Priorities

Policing Plan Priorities                      5

Control Strategy Priorities
Burglary Dwelling                             7
Car Key Burglary
Distraction Offences
Violent Crime involving the use of Firearms   13
Class A Drugs Supply                          14

Non Control Strategy Priorities
Vehicle Crime                                 17
Theft of Motor Vehicles
Theft From Motor Vehicles

Violent Crime                                 21
Violence Against the Person
Possession of Offensive Weapons
Domestic Violence
Hate Crime
Sexual Offences
Robbery

Theft and Handling Offences                   34
Fraud and Forgery                             37
Criminal Damage                               40
Public Disorder                               45
Burglary Other and Burglary Commercial        49
Hi-Tech Crime                                 53
Road Traffic Collisions                       54
Introduction
Introduction

This is the Force Level Strategic Assessment and covers the period of 1 April 2004 –
31 March 2005, with a more detailed analysis of the period of 1 October 2004 – 31
March 2005.

The aim of this document is to provide an accurate picture of the mid to long-term
issues affecting Warwickshire Police, which when considered in light of government,
regional and local objectives will identify the Force intelligence requirement and
facilitate the review of the existing Force (Level 2) control strategy.

The outcomes of the Force Strategic Assessment are a clearly defined Force level
intelligence requirement and Force level control strategy.


Scope of Assessment

This product forms a Force-wide strategic assessment of operational issues
impacting on Warwickshire Police across all levels of criminality. The Draft versions
of the Basic Command Unit (BCU) Level 1 Strategic Assessments have been
incorporated into the Force Strategic Assessment.

Note: Whilst this document provides a broad overview of the current and future
situation in Warwickshire, it is not intended to be a detailed analysis of individual
issues or a complete problem profile on each issue.


Data Sources

The majority of the information used in the production of this strategic assessment
has been obtained from Warwickshire Police intelligence systems. The performance
data was supplied by the Force Performance Unit.

In addition to this information has also been drawn from regional and national threat
assessments, Home Office and other publications; the British Crime Survey; and
Local Authority information.



Report Constraints

This report represents the latest information in an evolving tasking and co-ordination
process.

Whilst preparing the Strategic Assessment a number of data quality issues were
noted. While every attempt has been made to overcome these errors, this must be
borne in mind when assessing the validity of some of the figures.
NATIONAL POLICING PRIORITIES

The National Policing Plan (NPP) describes the strategic government priorities for
policing from 2005 – 2008, and sets these priorities in the context of the
government’s Public Service Agreements (PSAs).


Currently the NPP, published in November 2004, sets out five key priorities which are
unchanged from the previous Strategic Assessment.




REGIONAL PRIORITIES

Balanced against the national priorities and informed by local strategic assessments
the regional priorities are described by the West Midlands Regional Control Strategy
and results from the NCIS West Midlands Regional Strategic Assessment. The
control strategy was updated in February 2005 and the new priorities are:


·   Class A Drugs (Heroin and Cocaine)
·   Immigration Crime
·   Terrorism (International, Irish and Domestic Extremism)




LOCAL PRIORITIES

Warwickshire’s Level Two offences, where offenders cross borders of Basic
Command Units and Force boundaries to commit offences of:
§   Domestic Burglary
§   Violent Crime Involving Firearms
§   Class A Drug Supply of Cocaine and Heroin
§   Terrorism
POLICING PLAN PRIORITIES 2005/06

The National Police Service Agreement for 2005/2006 is to reduce all crime by 5%.
The number of recorded incidents for 2004/2005 was 43,131. The target for
2005/2006 is 40,975.


Service Performance Indicators propose a 10% reduction for Burglary Dwelling
(house burglary) and Vehicle Crime. The actual target for Burglary Dwelling is 2,401
and Vehicle Crime is 5,980.


The detection rate for all offences in 2004/05 was 21.14% (9,119). Service
Performance Indicators propose a target of 22% for 2005/06, which is a figure of
9,015. Internal measures show the detection rate for Burglary Dwelling in 2004/2005
was 19.75%. The target for 2005/2006 is 22% (528). The detection rate for Vehicle
Crime was 16.71%. The target for 2005/2006 is 18% (1,076). Violent Crime was
37.67%. The target detection rate for 2005/2006 is 50%.


Service Performance Indicators show the number of people killed (who died in less
than 30 days following an RTC) or seriously injured in road traffic collisions in
2004/2005 was 514. The figure is 6.07 per 100 million vehicle km travelled. The
target for 2005/2006 is -20% on 1994/1998 baseline which is an actual target of 523.


The target from Local Performance Indicators for the number of sanctioned
detections for offences of possession of Heroin/Crack/Cocaine is 150 for 2005/2006.
The number of sanctioned detections for supply offences for Heroin/Crack/Cocaine is
50.
                                          Figure 1 - All Crime Recorded 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                                                  All Crime

                                 4500


        Number of Offences
                                 4000
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                                 2000                                                                2003/04
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As the graph above depicts, there is a general downward trend for the year
2004/2005 compared against the previous year. With the exception of March 2005
all other months are below the number of crimes recorded in the previous year.


                    Figure 2 - Crime Recorded By Category 2003/2004 vs 2004/05

                                                             All Crime 12 Months
                                   12000
                     Number of Offences




                                   10000
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CURRENT PROBLEMS
The graph above depicts the overall number of offences recorded in each category.
As demonstrated in the graph, offences in each category are down on the previous
year with the exception of Criminal Damage, which had a slight increase in the
number of offences.
Control Strategy Priorities

Burglary Dwelling

Performance Information

               Figure 3 – Burglary Dwelling Offences 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                          Burglary Dwelling Offences

                             350
        Number of Offences




                             300
                             250
                             200                                        2004/05
                             150                                        2003/04
                             100
                              50
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Progress since last report
Warwickshire Police has seen a decrease of 206 burglary dwelling offences (13.66%)
compared to the same period last year. The force has achieved its end of year target
and also the detection target of 25.69%.


NORTHERN AREA
In the Northern Area each of the three districts had one particular beat that was
experiencing a higher number of offences.


Rugby District
In Rugby District, Overslade beat experienced a significantly higher number of
offences with 50 being recorded. Brownsover beat in Rugby District has seen a
decrease in offences compared against the previous period of April – September
2004 when it experienced 39 offences lowering to 20 offences in this current period
(October 2004 – March 2005). Eastlands beat has seen an increase in offences
from seven in the previous period to 26 in this period.




                                                                                      7
Nuneaton and Bedworth District
Manor beat in Nuneaton and Bedworth District recorded 48 offences, which was
significantly higher than other beats in the district. Galley Common beat has seen a
decrease from 23 offences in the previous period to 10 offences in this period. In
contrast to this both Weddington and Whitestone beats have seen a fairly significant
increase from 10 and 12 offences respectively to both experiencing 27 offences
each.


North Warwickshire District
Atherstone beat in North Warwickshire District recorded 29 offences compared to the
other beats in the district this was a significantly higher number of offences. The
Polesworth beat in this district has seen a significant decrease in the number of
Burglary Dwellings since the previous period (April – September 2004) from 25 to 14
in the current period (October 2004 – March 2005).


SOUTHERN AREA
There were no significantly higher proportion of offences per beat compared to the
rest, either within Stratford or Warwick Districts.


Stratford District
Stratford District has seen an increase on 12.9% in offences since last period
(source: Southern Area Strategic Assessment April 2005).


The Southern Area Strategic Assessment April 2005 states that many of the
offenders have serious drug habits and there is little doubt that this is the primary
reason that they offend. Looking at the past four years, nine out of ten most prolific
Dwelling Burglars would appear to be regular drug users.


Warwick District
Brunswick beat in this district saw a significant decrease in the number of offences,
from 38 in the last period to 12 in the current period. Whereas the Cubbington beat
saw an increase in the number of offences from 7 in the previous period to 18
offences in the current period.




                                                                                         8
Analysis of Burglary Dwelling


The National Strategic Assessment (NSA) October 2004 identified that there is a
reduction in the popularity of second hand goods with handlers/receivers.
Preference is for new goods that can be readily disposed of.


The Regional Strategic Assessment (RSA) February 2005 identifies that there has
been a reduction in Burglary Dwellings throughout the West Midlands region. The
RSA reports that distraction and bogus officials are a continuing concern in the West
Midlands region.


Burglary Dwelling offences occur through the daytime across the week Monday to
Friday, whereas distraction offences occur more frequently in the afternoon hours
12:00 – 16:00 Monday to Friday.


The towns of Rugby, Nuneaton and Leamington Spa saw the highest number of
offences in this current period. Each town experienced an increase in offences in the
build up to the Christmas period.


Removing vehicles from the property types stolen from Burglary Dwelling offences,
jewellery was the top most item stolen in terms of value with £161,458 worth (200
items) stolen in the last six months. The Southern Area experienced a number of
Burglary Dwellings, which were targeted solely for theft of jewellery. An offender was
arrested and has been sentenced to four years imprisonment.


Documentation has been identified nationally and regionally as being targeted
property during Burglary Dwelling offences. There were 16 passports, 54 driving
licences, 35 Bank/Building Society Books and 42 miscellaneous documents stolen
during the period of 1 October 2004 – 31 March 2005. The theft of identity
documents such as passports and driving licences are linked to the problem of
identity theft and more recently the fraudulent use of documents for the purposes of
facilitating illegal entry into the United Kingdom.


There were seven firearms stolen during burglary dwelling offences in the period of 1
October 2004 to 30 March 2005.




                                                                                        9
Car Key Burglary

In the last six month period there have been 91 offences with 97 cars stolen as a
result of these offences. This is an increase on the previous period, which recorded
76 car key burglaries. 26 of these vehicles are classed as high performance
vehicles, including nine Audis, six Subaru Imprezas and six BMWs.


From analysis conducted in the Force Intelligence Bureau (FIB), four cars have been
identified as being used to commit further.


Car Key crime remains prevalent within in the West Midlands region and is
recognised by the forces as a level 2 cross border threat.


Car key burglaries have links to other crimes such as Cash in Transit offences,
commercial robberies and so on. This is clearly demonstrated by a recent operation
conducted by Warwickshire Police in conjunction with West Midlands Police.


Analysis of property stolen indicates that £726,810 worth of motor vehicles were
stolen, including vans and minibus (83 cars, 2 vans and 1 bus) in total.


Level 2 Offenders
Out of the 11 detected burglaries, two offenders were identified as being Level 2
cross border offenders.




                                                                                    10
Distraction Offences

In this six month period, distraction burglaries have increased slightly in Warwickshire
with 75 distractions being reported, compared to 53 in the previous period. The
month by month review is shown in the table.


Table 1 Monthly Distraction Offences
Month            Number of Offences
October                   15
November                  13
December                   5
January                   12
February                  11
March                     19
TOTAL                     75


The profile of victims for distraction offences remains the same as the last period,
with all victims being white, 43 of 59 victims were female, and the average age of the
victim was 82.


PREVENTION


Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) assist in patrolling identified hotspots
and visits to repeat victims to provide community reassurance and crime prevention.
Smartwater kits are deployed to repeat victims to assist in the prevention of offences,
and increase the likelihood of detection. There were 1,144 deployments of
Smartwater to houses of repeat burglary dwelling victims.


Burglary packs are distributed to all victims of burglary and crime prevention advice is
offered.


Nuneaton and Bedworth and North Warwickshire Districts have signed up to a “man
in a van” scheme through the Coventry and Warwickshire Community Safety
Scheme and supported by the County Council. The aim of this scheme is to target
harden (increase security at premises and in identified locations) 1,200 properties a
year.



                                                                                       11
RECOMMENDATIONS


Through the work conducted by Community Safety, PCSOs, partnerships and
Community Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs), burglary has seen a
reduction across the force. By continuing with this partnership approach the
reduction should be sustained.


It is therefore recommended that Burglary Dwelling Distraction offences and Car Key
Burglary offences be solely adopted as a Force Control Strategy Priority. These are
two elements of burglary dwelling offences that pose the most significant threat to
Warwickshire Police.




                                                                                      12
Violent Crime involving Firearms

Violent crime was added to the Force Control Strategy in October 2004 following the
recognition that violent crime involving the use of firearms required monitoring. The
increase in Cash in Transit offences in 2003/2004 was identified as being likely to be
repeated in 2004/2005. The addition of violent crime involving firearms to the control
strategy assisted in putting measures in place to minimise the risk of these offences.


Cash in Transit Robberies


Early intervention identified through analysis of these offences in the previous period
ensured that prevention methods were in place prior to the expected increase in
offences, which resulted in the minimal amount of offences occurring.




                                                                                      13
CLASS A DRUGS

Performance Information


The force has achieved the target of 50 offenders to be charged with supply of Class
A Drugs, Heroin and Cocaine (including Crack), and in fact has successfully charged
57 offenders.


NORTHERN AREA
The Northern Area experienced a much higher number of incidents of misuse of
drugs than the Southern Area, with the split being 68% to 32%. The highest number
of incidents within one month in the South (54) is equivalent to the lowest number
which occurred during one month in that period in the North (54 again).


November experienced the highest number of misuse of drugs incidents when
looking at the total. The Northern area experienced the highest number of offences in
November also, but the South differs slightly in that the highest number of offences
occurred in January.


Victims
The National Treatment Agency estimates that there were 28,700 problematic drug
users in the region between April 2003 and March 2004.


Drugs possession
There were 363 incidents of people found in possession of drugs during this period.
From those arrested in possession of drugs, the main types detected appears to be
either Cannabis (resin or leaf), Ecstasy, Cocaine, or Heroin.


Drug Treatment Testing Order (DTTO)
The DTTO project, which commenced in September 2004 for a year, is based at
Rugby Police Station and covers the Rugby District. The DTTO scheme was
established after the police identified that increasing the number of referrals into the
scheme had a positive effect on reducing the number of addicts. The scheme also
addressed the number of offenders committing acquisitive crime to fund their drugs
consumption.




                                                                                       14
The project is based on a working relationship between the police and the probation
service. It aims to identify suitable candidates for DTTO, on the basis of the crime
they are committing and their class A drug abuse.


As individuals come into the criminal justice system and are charged, those who are
suitable have their charge sheets stamped with “DTTO”, this is then passed to
probation, who identify individuals suitable for a drug intervention programme. The
court can then make an order for that person to be a subject of a DTTO, however the
offender must be in agreement.


PREVENTION


PCSOs visited and cleared 301 drug sites across the force area. The highest
number of sites visited per district was Rugby with 112, though Warwick was
exceptionally close with 101 sites.


Needle exchange
Clients are not required to return used needles, the main principle of the scheme is
one of harm-reduction, as all needles given out potentially reduce the number of
people sharing. For this reason no client is ever refused a clean pack of needles.


Recently needles were being found frequently in a specific area, in one alleyway in
particular, and various signs indicated that they originated from the needle exchange
chemist. A pilot scheme was launched through a partnership between the CAD
team, police and the chemist during the month of December. Every pack of new
needles contained a leaflet reminding clients to dispose of their needles responsibly
or else they risked the scheme being withdrawn in the area. The result of the
scheme was evident, although initially there was no great reduction on the needles
being left in the alleyway, the way in which needles were being disposed of following
the leaflet campaign changed. They continued to be dumped, however the caps
where put on or else the needle was put inside the black box (the container supplied
in the needle exchange packs for disposal) both of which were unusual and reflected
a greater degree of consideration for others than on previous occasions.


The large increase in needle returns at these places meant that they required extra
sharps bins to be despatched to cope with demand for the returns service.
Interestingly, during February and March very few needles have been reported to the


                                                                                       15
CAD team or the council in the public areas previously causing us the most trouble in
Leamington. One of the most successful needle exchange premises is based in
Shipston with a return rate of over 90%.


Warwickshire Police has become involved in the scheme and now offers the service
from Rugby Custody (started in January 2005). Anyone brought into custody and
found with needles on their person has them removed and disposed of safely. Upon
their release they will be issued with the standard pack of clean needles. This is a
pilot and depending upon its success it may be implemented in another two custody
centres, at Nuneaton and Leamington.




                                                                                       16
Non-Control Strategy Priorities

Vehicle Crime

Progress since last report

                                   Figure 4 – Vehicle Crime 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                                   Vehicle Crime

                             800
        Number of Offences




                             700
                             600
                             500                                                     2004/05
                             400
                             300                                                     2003/04
                             200
                             100
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The force reported a decrease of 18.84% against the previous six month period, and
a detection rate of 21.80%. The force achieved over and above both the recorded
number of crimes and the detection rate targets.


NORTHERN AREA
In the Northern Area each of the three districts had one particular beat that
experienced the greater volume of offences.


Rugby District
In the Rugby District, Eastlands beat experienced 89 offences, with the second
highest beat being Benn with 65 offences.


Nuneaton and Bedworth District
Manor beat in the Nuneaton and Bedworth District, experienced the highest number
of offences with 119, and was the highest beat in the force area for vehicle crime
offences.


                                                                                               17
North Warwickshire District
Coleshill town in the Coleshill sector recorded the highest number of offences of
vehicle crime in this district with 71 offences.


Eastlands, Manor and Coleshill were the top three beats for the force for vehicle
crime offences over the last six months.


SOUTHERN AREA
The Southern Area districts also had one particular beat each that experienced the
greatest volume of vehicle crime offences.


Stratford District
Tanworth beat in the Alcester sector of this district recorded the highest number of
offences with 51 vehicle crimes in the last six months.


Warwick District
Longbridge in the Warwick sector recorded the highest number of offences with 42.


Analysis of Vehicle Crime


The volume of vehicle crime offences were Theft From a Motor Vehicle (67.59% of
offences).


As predicted the number of offences increased in the months preceding the
Christmas period (October – December 2004). However, since February 2005 the
number of offences has been increasing once again.


Weekdays (Monday – Thursday) during the period of 16:00 to 23:59 hours is the
peak time for offences to occur (64.98% of offences).


Nuneaton and Rugby towns respectively experienced the highest number of vehicle
crime offences.


The majority of offences occur on the street or drive. However there were 188
offences recorded at hotels, 147 at Public Houses, 60 at motorway services and 59
in car parks.




                                                                                       18
There were 572 abandoned vehicles found across the force area, of which 359 were
removed. PCSOs assisted in the removal of these abandoned vehicles.


PREVENTION


There is a ‘Vulnerable Vehicle Scheme’ operating countywide, which warns of the
risk to vehicles. The aim is to reduce theft of and theft from motor vehicles through
using high profile uniform patrols and providing crime prevention advice to owners.
Officers complete a Vulnerable Vehicle Scheme form, leaving a copy on the
windscreen for the owner who has either left their vehicle insecure or with property
on view. Weekly reports are generated and used to analyse the results of this
scheme.


The new force policy states that all vehicle crime will be attended. This work is
supported by the vehicle packs which are similar to those supplied to victims of
burglary, giving crime prevention advice and property marking pens.


Prevention work has been conducted throughout the year by the Community Safety
teams, target hardening hotels etc, through the use of crime prevention visits and the
proactive use of vehicle control schemes such as barriers.




                                                                                        19
Theft from Motor Vehicles
A number of trends were highlighted in the National Strategic Assessment (NSA)
November 2004:
-   Trend in theft of spare wheels stored on the exterior of vehicle.


Not identified as a particular trend currently being experienced within Warwickshire.


-   Trend in number plate thefts (NSA, Regional Strategic Assessment (RSA) and
    previously highlighted in the last Force Strategic Assessment).


Over the last 12 months the theft of number plates appears to have increased by
16%. There is evidence of plates being used by persons for other criminality,
including commercial burglary, robbery etc.


-      Commercial lorry loads thefts.



The Northern Area analysts have identified that the number of HGV thefts have
decreased from 53 (April - September 2004) to 43 (October 2004 - March 2005).




                                                                                        20
Violent Crime

Violent Crime consists of a number of offences, which can be split into three
component areas:
1. Violence Against the Person (VAP)
2. Sexual Offences
3. Robbery


                                       Figure 5 – Violent Crime 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                                       Violent Crime

                                 800
            Number of Offences




                                 700
                                 600
                                 500                                                     2004/05
                                 400
                                 300                                                     2003/04
                                 200
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The force has seen a decrease in Violent Crimes, with 3,561 offences being recorded
during the period of 1 October 2004 – 31 March 05. Warwickshire Police has
achieved a detection rate of 44.99% in this period. The target for reduction of
offences for the year 2004/2005 was achieved and detection rate was achieved for
the year.


Progress since last report


NORTHERN AREA
In the Northern Area each of the three districts had one particular beat that
experienced a significantly higher number of offences than other beats within that
district.




                                                                                                   21
Rugby District
Rugby Town Centre experienced 156 Violent Crime offences in the last six-month
period. Rugby town centre saw an increase in the number of violent crimes from 126
during the period of 1 April – 30 September 2004 to 156 for the current period (1
October 2004 – 20 March 2005). Overslade beat also saw an increase of 30
offences in this period compared to the previous six month period (up from 54 to 84).
In contrast Newbold beat saw a decrease of 30 offences from 65 in the previous six
month period to 35 in this period.


Nuneaton and Bedworth District
Nuneaton town centre experienced 175 offences of Violent Crimes and was the
highest beat in the force during the current six month period. Two beats in the
Nuneaton and Bedworth District have seen a reduction in the number of Violent
Crime offences. Both Bedworth town centre and Manor beats saw a decrease. For
Bedworth town centre it was a reduction from 62 to 49, and Manor from 126 to 94
violent crimes.


North Warwickshire
Atherstone beat experienced the highest number of offences in this district with 83
violent crimes reported. Atherstone beat has seen a significant increase in the
number of offences from 69 in the previous period to 83 in this period. In contrast the
Dordon beat has seen a decrease from 23 offences during the period of 1 April – 30
September 2004 to 10 offences in the current period (1 October 2004 – 31 March
2005).


SOUTHERN AREA


Stratford District
Stratford Town experienced the highest number of offences in the Stratford District
with 107 offences. Stratford Town Centre saw a significant decrease in the number
of offences from 158 offences in the previous period to 107 in this.


Warwick District
Town Regency experienced 76 Violent Crimes in the period of 1 October 2004 – 31
March 2005. Brunswick beat in the Warwick District saw a decrease in offences from
95 in the previous period to 68 in this period.




                                                                                      22
Analysis of Violent Crime


The greatest volume of offences of VAP were malicious wounding and other like
offences (61.93% of VAP offences).


Offences peaked in October/November 2004 and since then have seen an overall
decrease in numbers.


Fridays 20:00 – Saturdays 03:59 hours and Saturdays 20:00 – Sunday 03:59 hours
are the peak periods for violent crimes to occur (29.85% of offences occur during this
period), which reflects the national picture.


December 2004 saw a drastic increase in the number of miscellaneous sexual
offences with ten being reported, compared to the average of three per month.


The class of violence against the person experienced the greatest volume of
offences with 90.88% (3,081 offences).


The towns of Nuneaton, Rugby and Leamington experienced the majority of offences
with 696, 658 and 636 respectively. This is probably explained by the fact that
violent crimes are concentrated to towns with large proportions of licensed premises.


Males accounted for 79.87% of all violent crime offenders. Males aged 18 – 25 years
old accounted for 26.89% and was the largest proportion in terms of age.


The number of common assaults (and similar types of offences) has decreased on
the previous period, from 829 offences (1 April - 30 September 2004) to 549 in the
current period (1 October 2004 - 31 March 2005). The number of offences against
public disorder has increased against the previous period, from 248 to 355.


The majority of assaults on police officers occur in custody blocks or licensed
premises during the main socialising hours of Friday and Saturday 22:00 – 01:59
hours. The beat experiencing the most assaults on police officers was Goodyers
End in Bedworth with ten offences, followed by Nuneaton and Rugby Town Centres
with nine offences each in the six month period.




                                                                                     23
Violence Against the Person

NORTHERN AREA
Of the three districts, each district had a beat that experienced a significantly greater
volume of offences within that district. These centred predominantly around the town
centres in the districts - Rugby Town Centre experienced the greatest volume of
offences in Rugby District with 147 offences.


Nuneaton Town centre experienced 164 offences and was the highest beat in the
district. Atherstone beat experienced 78 violent crime offences in the last period.


SOUTHERN AREA
Stratford Town experienced a significantly higher proportion of offences compared to
other beats in the district recording 105 offences. No particular beat in the Warwick
District was higher than average, however Old Town, Regency and Brunswick all
recorded a relatively high number of offences with 89, 73 and 63 offences
respectively.


Alcohol Related Violence
Warwick District launched a new scheme to tackle town centre troublemakers. The
scheme launched in April 2005 was aimed at helping Warwick District’s licensees
crackdown on town centre troublemakers. Those responsible for causing serious
problems will face a life time ban from pubs and clubs across the district.


The Pubwatch scheme was re-launched on April 1 2005 spearheaded by local
licensees and the Leamington town centre policing team with the backing of
Warwickshire County Council, Warwick District Council, Warwickshire Retail Crime
Initiative and Warwickshire Fire and Rescue Service. Pubwatch is a committee of
licensees from pubs and clubs in Leamington, Warwick and Kenilworth. The scheme
utilises town centre CCTV and a radio network to alert all licensees to signs of
disorder and criminal activity involving individuals and groups. Managers and door
staff who have early warning of potential troublemakers will be able to take action to
prevent the escalation of more serious problems. Licensees have so far shown
enthusiastic support for the scheme with members signing up from bars in Kenilworth
and Warwick as well as Leamington. This scheme is run along similar lines to the
‘BANNED’ scheme run in Nuneaton.



                                                                                        24
Enhanced Policing Initiative
Anecdotal evidence suggests that this scheme is working. Analysis of this scheme
and the problem it sets out to address should be reviewed through results analysis.


Licensing Act
There are 1,986 licensed premises in the force area, 907 in the Northern Area and
1,079 in the Southern area. Of these 54 are night clubs or S77 premises (premises
that can operate at night club hours), ten of which are in the Southern Area.


The new Act allows premises to apply for a 24 hour licence. At present only two
premises have applied for this licence, both of which are in the Northern Area and
are hotels providing this service for guests only. However, 13 premises have applied
for an extended licence, the majority of which are in the Northern Area (ten
applications). There are 625 Public Houses in the force area – 166 in the Warwick
District, 189 in Stratford District, 62 in Rugby District (N35 and N36 beats), 109 in
Nuneaton and Bedworth District (Bedworth plus N21 and N27 beats) and 99 in the
North Warwickshire District.


From data held from applications for licences, Warwickshire Police is now able to
identify the maximum capacity for evening time premises. This is a consideration
when applications are made for new premises in order that the location is not over-
saturated with licensed premises, and resulting in an increase in violent disorder.


No premises have yet been closed as a result of new powers to close premises that
are classed as persistent trouble spots. It is also now an offence to serve a drunken
person and staff found doing so can be issued with Fixed Penalty Notices which incur
a fine.


PREVENTION


Registered Doorstaff Scheme – This is run by a national body, the Security
Industry Authority (SIA). All doorstaff have to apply and then receive ‘badges’
enabling them to gain employment as doorstaff. There is a backlog in applications,
and through legislation staff are able to work temporarily whilst they await there
application to be approved. All nightclubs in Warwickshire have been checked twice
and all premises that are required to have doorstaff have been checked at least
once. The SIA states that enforcement of the doorstaff policy was planned for


                                                                                        25
Warwickshire in March 2005. Furthermore one licensee in Warwickshire is being
considered for prosecution for failure to comply with this policy. There have been
135 applications made from within Warwickshire, with 86 being granted and five
refused. It is estimated that a minimum of 275 doorstaff are required to staff doors at
premises on Friday and Saturday nights at premises within the force area.


Restricted Alcohol Zones
Restricted Alcohol Zones exist in Rugby and Stratford town centre and Firs Garden,
and the main town centre in Leamington Spa. Currently no analysis has been
conducted to identify if this has had a positive impact on alcohol related disorder.


Alcohol Harm Reduction
A steering group was established originally to focus on implementing the Licensing
Act. This group having established its original remit has now focused upon
addressing Alcohol Harm Reduction. Its main remit at present is to produce a
countywide action plan e.g. progressing Restricted Alcohol Zones, test purchases
against premises serving under age drinkers. Then the group will go on to produce
District Action plans.




PARTNERSHIP OPPORTUNITIES
Proof of Age Scheme – Previously this scheme attracted an 80% take up rate, and
much work was done by local schools in achieving this high take up rate. It is
believed that this scheme has lost some momentum but it is anticipated that it will be
revived again by the Alcohol Harm Reduction steering group.




Possession of Offensive Weapons
There were a total of 212 firearms incidents during the strategic period.


The four sectors with the highest number of firearm incidents are Rugby South with
28 incidents (13.2%), Rugby North with 26 incidents (12.9%), Coleshill with 23
incidents (11.4%) and Atherstone with 20 incidents (11.4%).




                                                                                       26
The number of firearm incidents is sporadic, with no discernable pattern. The highest
number of incidents occurred in October, closely followed by January. The number
of incidents vary between 21 and 52 incidents per month.




Domestic Violence
The National Strategic Assessment (NSA) 2004 reported that Domestic Violence
claims 150 lives each year. Research shows on average that 35 assaults will have
taken place before the victim contacts the police.


The Northern Area Strategic Assessment April 2005 states that of three
Murder/Attempted Murder/Manslaughter offences recorded in this period, two were
domestic related and both resulted in the death of the victim and one was attempted
murder which was non-domestic violence related. All the offenders have been
identified and charged.


ACPO has produced a manual of guidance relating to Domestic Violence. This
manual has been implemented within the Warwickshire Police Manual and Policy
which has been implemented throughout the force.




Research
A review of the links between Domestic Violence and Substance Misuse in
Warwickshire was commissioned and published in January 2005. The review
examined the relationship between domestic violence and substance misuse, the
current procedures and support structures in Warwickshire for the five Crime and
Disorder Reduction Partnerships.


It is estimated that 8% of the female population in Warwickshire (12,400 women)
experience domestic violence in any one year. Rugby and Nuneaton and Bedworth
districts had the highest rates of reporting of domestic violence to the police and
support services, suggesting that the public’s awareness of services for survivors of
domestic violence and their accessibility is greater in these areas than others. In
contrast, there may be an element of under reporting of domestic violence in
Warwick, North Warwickshire and Stratford; the districts with the lowest number of
offences reported.



                                                                                      27
Partner data
Stakeholders state that problematic drug or alcohol misuse in not the cause of abuse,
but may act as a catalyst within abusive relationships, potentially making the impact
of violence worse, and limiting sources of support and escape.


PREVENTION


A ‘Domestic Violence Officer Case Management Manual’ has been produced by the
Community Safety Team. The manual defines the role of the police officers within
the multi-agency teams to give them a perpetrator focus. It also outlines all the
enquiries and processes that should be carried out in every domestic violence
investigation The manual also includes a risk assessment matrix, which defines the
risk posed by perpetrators and prioritises the actions required by police staff.


A new database is to be operational in June 2005. The CATS systems will allow a
countywide networked solution to manage incidents of Domestic Violence and Child
Protection issues. This system will allow for the first time a holistic family protection
system which will identify not only women at risk, but also their children, with repeat
offending being easier to identify under the new system. Work is currently underway
to prepare for existing records to be transferred to the new system which will provide
enhanced opportunities for analysis and increase the quality of data used, in line with
Bichard recommendations.


Hate Crime
Figures released by Victim Support showed it helped 33,374 people who believed
they had been targeted for the colour of their skin in the last year. Ten years ago, the
group handled 3,072 similar complaints.


During the current reporting period of 1 October 2004 – 31 March 2005 there were
196 incidents of Hate Crime reported to Warwickshire Police.


Reports have focused on Racial or Homophobic incidents, there is ongoing work in
the community to raise awareness that Hate Crime extends to disabled and trans-
gender victims.




                                                                                          28
NORTHERN AREA
Warwick had the highest number of racial hate crimes, whereas Rugby recorded the
highest number of Homophobic incidents.


Of the 50 racial offences in Nuneaton and Bedworth District, verbal abuse had the
highest number of offences with 15. In Rugby, 17 of the 38 offences were verbal
abuse. One offence in North Warwickshire was recorded as rape of a female.


VICTIMS
Of these offences, 59.05% of victims were male, 29.05% were female and 11.90%
were undeclared. Within these victims, 25.24% were aged 26 – 35 years old, with a
further 26.19% aged 26 - 50 years old, representing the majority of victims (however
19.52% were undeclared).


PREVENTION


Following a HMIC inspection in 2004 it was identified that a Hate Crime Policy
needed to be formulated by Warwickshire Police. A policy was produced and has
been linked to a Hate Crime Incident Management Manual. This manual covers best
practice from the reporting of an incident to the prosecution of offenders. This also
highlights the need for improving community intelligence. Furthermore the force has
two full-time and one part time Hate Crime Officers (HCOs) whose responsibility is to
link with both the victim and investigating officers, assisting in co-ordinating the
enquiry and ensuring that everyone understands the stage of the investigation.
Investigating officers who attend the scene must ensure that a copy of the crime
report is sent to the Hate Crime Officer by the end of their tour of duty to enable the
HCO to contact the victim, record data etc.


Hate Crime Officers will also be responsible for identifying repeat victims, offenders
or locations and then prepare a risk assessment. If the risk assessment identifies a
high probability of risk then this is forward to Tasking and Co-ordination at area level.
An action plan is considered for tactical options, if the tactical options are not
deployed then there must be justification for not doing so written in the plan. This
system now provides an auditable process. Repeat victims, offenders or locations
will be identified and managed through a new database, planned to be installed by
August 2005. This new database will allow easier analysis of the three crime triangle




                                                                                          29
factors (location, victim and offender). This database will have all offences of hate
crime recorded on it from 1 April 2004, in order to capture a full years worth of data.


The prevention and management of Hate Crime offences will be assessed through
NIM Tactical Tasking and Co-ordination Meetings. The manual adopts a multi-
agency community based approach, highlighting the role of other agencies in the
management of Hate Crime.


Race and Religion Incident Review Panel, an independent advisory group,
scrutinises sanitised incidents in order to identify lessons to be learnt as well as good
practice. This will assist in providing development issues that can be fed into the
organisational memory, assisting in the organisation learning from its past
experiences. This panel informs Warwickshire Police on how it is performing and
also acts as a reliable conduit on police activity into the community, helping it to
reduce community tensions through consultation and communication.


Warwickshire Police is actively involved with key partners and local communities to
develop countywide provision for race equality. This partnership working allows
Warwickshire Police to assess community needs. A steering group is looking to
appoint a board imminently. Substantial funding from all key agencies has been
allocated which will support the reporting of hate crime.


Disability is now included within Hate Crime and the Community Safety Team is
assessing the best method to publicise this to the community. Work is ongoing with
the community in Rugby to inform the best methods to adopt.


True Vision is a community based group aiming to address issues of Hate Crime.
The group has produced two packs aimed at giving information to victims of hate
crime, which were launched in May 2004. One is specifically aimed at lesbian, gay,
bisexual and transgender victims, and one for victims of racially and religiously
aggravated incidents, both contain self-reporting forms enabling victims to report a
crime without having to go to a police station or other reporting centre. Originally it
was produced by the four regional forces (West Midlands, Staffordshire, West Mercia
and Warwickshire Police) but has since been adopted and utilised by 34 forces. This
pack has since received a Diversity Award, and a Warwickshire Police officer
involved in this group has the national lead on creating a third pack for disabled
victims.


                                                                                          30
True Vision has been rolled out to Warwickshire College and is available on its
website. Plans have been outlined to progress True Vision with the Education
Department and provide True Vision packs to all high schools in Warwickshire.


True Vision was launched at Diversions, in Rugby, and it has agreed that they will
host an independent advisory group which will discuss policy with the community, eg.
barriers to reporting, perceived gaps in service and external policy affecting the
community. Links have been established with the transgender community to
encourage reporting from this community.


The Police Information Technology Organisation (PITO) has an online reporting site.
This site has been extended to include reporting of Hate Crime offences for all UK
Police Forces which should be online on 27 June 2005.


The Community Safety Team has also visited the Magistrates Bench countywide in
order to discuss the role of Hate Crime Officers and the long term impact that hate
crime has on the victim. These visits raise awareness of Hate Crime and True Vision
packs have gone to all Magistrate Courts to ensure that all staff are aware of the
issues.




Sexual Offences

Sexual offences fall to two categories, historic allegations and non-historic
allegations. There were 206 sexual offences in the past six months (both historic and
non-historic).


The month of January recorded the highest number of offences with 50. The main
time period for sexual offences to occur is 00:00 to 03:59 hours across the week.
This period accounted for 48.54% of all sexual offences.


Leamington town had the highest number of rapes with 12 allegations being
reported, followed by Rugby with ten. Nuneaton and Rugby had the highest number
of sexual assaults of females with 20 and 19 respectively. Leamington experienced
the highest number of sexual assaults on males with seven.



                                                                                      31
Public Protection Unit
The Public Protection Unit (PPU) deals with registered sex offenders and dangerous
offenders, ensuring they are monitored. Sex offenders have to register on a yearly
basis, if they do not register then they are in breach of their reporting or licensing
conditions and risk returning to custody.


Annual visits are conducted to registered offenders, ensuring that offenders reside
where they are registered, updating files with appearance/description, photo,
ensuring bail conditions are not breached.


MAPPA (Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements) Co-ordinator deals with tasks
from meetings, daily queries, and dealing with the high and very high risk offenders.
A referral spreadsheet is maintained of existing and new MAPPA (Multi Agency
Public Protection Arrangements) referrals in Warwickshire. The Multi Agency Public
Protection Panel produces an annual report.


The PPU is involved with multiple agencies including Fire & Rescue Services, Social
Services, Probation, Health, Housing, Prison Services and Education.


Robbery

There are two classifications of robbery, business property and personal property
robbery offences. There were 184 robbery offences in the period of 1 October 2004 –
31 March 2005. A detection rate of 27.17% was achieved for robbery offences. This
is an increase on the previous period, which recorded a detection rate of 17.75%.


NORTHERN AREA


Rugby District
Benn and New Bilton beats in Rugby experienced the highest number of robbery
offences per beat with twelve and ten offences respectively.


Nuneaton and Bedworth District
Nuneaton Town Centre experienced seven offences and was the third highest beat in
the force area. These three beats together accounted for 16% of all robberies in the
current period 1 October 2004 – 31 March 2005.




                                                                                         32
The Northern Area Strategic Assessment April 2005 states that weapons were used
or used to threaten the victim in 42 robberies. The main weapons used were knives
(17), firearms/imitation guns (12), crowbars (6) and baseball bats (3).


SOUTHERN AREA
The Southern Area Strategic Assessment April 2005, states that 12 robberies
occurred against a business rather than an individual. Most notable of these
offences include a high value jewellery raid at a premises in Stratford, two armed
raids at a premises on the Shires Retail Park, Leamington and an attempted bank
robbery at a premises in Studley. The offenders were armed with a machete,
hammer and a dagger, which was used to threaten staff.


In 20 robberies, a weapon was used to threaten the victim. The majority of these
weapons were knives, on five occasions the offender carried what the victim believed
to be a firearm.


Business Property Robbery
Cash in Transit Robberies


Analysis of Robbery Offences
A knife was used in 17 incidents and a firearm/imitation firearm in 16 offences, which
is a drastic increase on the last period, which recorded six. Cash was the property
most stolen, followed closely by mobile phones. However there were eight offences
where the property stolen was a motor vehicle, which is an increase on the last
period where three vehicles were stolen during robberies.


The majority of offenders were aged under 20 years old (the average age
being 16 years old), male (91%) and EC1 (88%). The majority of victims were
male (61%, however 16% were unspecified in terms of gender), white and
aged under 20 years of age. This grouping is comparable against that of the
offender, however fear of this type of crime remains highest amongst the
elderly.




                                                                                      33
Theft and Handling Offences

          Figure 6 – Theft and Handling Offences 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                           Theft and Handling Offences

                             1200
        Number of Offences


                             1000
                             800
                                                                         2004/05
                             600
                                                                         2003/04
                             400
                             200
                               0


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Performance Information

The force has seen a decrease in the number of Theft and Handling offences
recorded. The detection rate for these offences has also increased against the
previous period, to 18.38% 1 October 2004 – 31 March 2005.


Progress since last report


There has been a fairly even split between the two BCUs in terms of the number of
Theft and Handling offences during this period.


NORTHERN AREA
In terms of the three districts in the Northern Area, each has two beats within them
that are clearly experiencing the greater volume of offences for each district.
Typically these centred around the town centres demonstrating the national trend,
and the location types that attract this type of offence, namely commercial
businesses.




                                                                                       34
Rugby District
Rugby Town Centre accounted for 25.39% of offences in Rugby District (839
offences). Newbold beat experienced 90 offences, which was higher than the
average of 42 offences per beat in the Rugby District.


Nuneaton and Bedworth District
Nuneaton town centre accounted for 24.1% of offences in this district (317 offences).
Manor beat experienced 113 offences compared to the district average of 62
offences per beat.


North Warwickshire
Atherstone and Coleshill beats experienced 72 and 61 offences respectively, both
were higher than the average of 29 offences per beat in the North Warwickshire
District.


SOUTHERN AREA


Stratford District
Stratford town experienced the greatest volume of offences in this district with 157,
20.58% of offences in the Stratford District.


Warwick District
Regency beat experienced 113 offences compared to the average for the district of
44 offences per beat.




Analysis of Theft and Handling Offences


There has been an overall declining trend in the number of theft and handling
offences since October 2004. The number of offences declined from October month
on month up to February, but during March the numbers significantly increased.


Excluding the miscellaneous category of ‘Other Stealings and Unauthorised Takings’,
stealing from shops and stalls (shoplifting) experienced the greatest volume of
offences with 899 offences (19.81%).




                                                                                        35
The greatest volume of offences occur across the week (Monday – Saturday) during
the period of 12:00 – 19:59 hours, typical shop opening hours, was 50.68% of
offences.


PREVENTION


Warwickshire Retail Crime Initiative (WRCI)
In February 2005 the Force appointed two retail advisors, one for the Northern Area
and one for the Southern Area. The police input to WRCI through the project offers a
significant opportunity to develop a best practice approach to crime reduction. The
inclusion of this area of business crime to the project will provide a valuable link with
main stream initiatives such as Anti Social Behaviour Orders, Crime Reduction and
Anti Social Behaviour Orders and identification of Persistent and Priority Offenders.


Watch Messaging Scheme
This scheme allows Warwickshire Police to send messages to the most appropriate
retail recipients in order to convey crime trend warnings, requests for community
intelligence or to disseminate best practice. Statistical analysis of crime trend data is
undertaken by Community Safety to identify patterns of offending and short to long
term trends. Identified crime hotspots are specifically targeted for scheme creation
and inclusion.


Smartwater
Smartwater is used for property marking on domestic products such as jewellery,
electrical goods, goods that are easily disposed of, with checks conducted at car boot
sales with ultraviolet lamps by officers.




                                                                                        36
Fraud and Forgery

Performance Information

           Figure 7 – Fraud and Forgery Offences 2003/2004vs 2004/2005

                                             Fraud and Forgery Offences

                              250
         Number of Offences




                              200
                              150                                         2004/05
                              100                                         2003/04
                              50
                               0           O er



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The number of fraud and forgery offences has stayed level with 1,025 offences
during the period of 1 October 2004 – 31 March 2005, compared to 1,022 offences
reported in the previous six months (1 April - 21 September 2004).


Progress since last report


NORTHERN AREA
In terms of the three districts, Rugby, Nuneaton and Bedworth and North
Warwickshire, the beat that experienced the greatest volume of offences was
Nuneaton Town Centre with 116 offences. The average number of offences in the
Nuneaton and Bedworth District was 14.


Dordon beat in the North Warwickshire District saw a significant decrease in the
number of offences from 45 in the previous period to 24 in the current period.


Nuneaton town centre saw a significant decrease from 116 to 66 offences.


Conversely, Bilton beat saw an increase from 15 offences to 33 offences.




                                                                                    37
SOUTHERN AREA
Within the Southern Area, none of the beats in either of the two districts displayed
any outstandingly high number of offences. Stratford Town Centre in the Stratford
District and Binswood in the Warwick District both recorded 37 offences.


Stratford town centre decreased from 59 offences in the first half of the year to 37
offences in the second half.


North Leamington beat in the Warwick District experienced 15 offences in the first
half of the year but recorded no offences in the current period.


Analysis of Fraud and Forgery Offences


The majority of offences fell into the miscellaneous category of other frauds.


The majority of offences were undetected (18.38% detected 1 October 2004 – 30
March 2005).


There has been an overall downward trend since the peak of offences in October
2004, however offences peaked again in January 2005 but have declined since then.


The period of 00:00 – 03:59 hours across the week (Monday – Sunday) experienced
the peak in offences with 34.80% of offences.


Payment Card Crime
Successive years have seen the level of payment card crime steadily increase
throughout the UK. Figures from the Association for Payment Clearing Services
(APACS) indicate that nationally, in the year up to June 2004 total losses through
debit and credit card fraud had increased to a level estimated to be £478 million, an
increase of 18% on the same period in 2003.


The majority of the loss is through three types of card fraud: counterfeit cards, cards
not present and fraudulent use of lost and stolen cards.


ATM Crime has risen nationally by 85% to £61 million (source: APACS) and is
believed to be the fastest growing type of card fraud.




                                                                                        38
The widespread use of ATMs outside banks, building societies, other retail outlets
and supermarkets has provided organised crime groups with increase opportunities
for capturing card data. Intelligence indicates that out of town supermarkets are
being targeted in Warwickshire.


PREVENTION


Chip and Pin technology – due to its infancy there is insufficient data available to
assess the impact of this in terms of reducing card fraud.


Ultraviolet pens are given out to shops and retail outlets following identification of
hotspots of counterfeit currency. Previously Kenilworth and Warwick have been
identified as hotspots and pens were issued to those areas to assist retailers in
identifying counterfeit currency and encourage reporting.




                                                                                         39
CRIMINAL DAMAGE

Performance Information


                   Figure 8 – Criminal Damage Offences 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                           Criminal Damage

                              1200
         Number of Offences




                              1000
                              800
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                              600
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                              400
                              200
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                                              Month




NORTHERN AREA


North Warwickshire District experienced the highest number of graffiti sites being
identified and subsequently removed, with 845 sites.


PCSOs attended 2,962 nuisance youth incidents across the force area, 38.56% were
in the Nuneaton and Bedworth District, almost double the average number of
incidents per district.


SOUTHERN AREA


PCSOs disposed of alcoholic drinks, with the highest number of seizures being in
Warwick with 200 out of 506 seizures occurring in that district (39.53%).


Analysis of Criminal Damage Offences


Criminal Damage is linked to other offences as it is viewed as a ‘signal crime’. Signal
crimes are visible offences such as graffiti, damage to property, e.g. broken windows,
street lights, and arson e.g. burnt out vehicles. Research suggests that the visible


                                                                                       40
damage of property ‘signals’ to members of the public that offences are occurring,
thereby generating fear that other crimes are occurring, such a vehicle crime, street
robbery and burglary.


Tackling criminal damage provides a wealth of opportunity for partnership working.


Examples of this include:
·   speedy recovery of stolen vehicles before they are set alight, where vehicles are
    discovered burnt out using environmental officers to remove them as is being
    done in the West Midlands Police region;
·   removing graffiti quickly, but identifying a legitimate area for ‘street art’;
·   using ASBOs effectively to control anti social behaviour; Councils ensuring street
    lighting is repaired, with a possible priority service for deprived areas.


Good street lighting will also assist in deterring crime. This should also be extended
to other public property and bus shelters, which are in public view and therefore
generate an increase in the fear of crime. The force is utilising Police Community
Support Officers to reduce and effectively manage the fear of crime. Their presence
provides visible reassurance and increased engagement with the public.


There were 2,540 offences of criminal damage during the strategic period. Of these
the most common type was vandalism and graffiti (30%), followed by breaking of
doors and windows, in the order of front, rear and side (26%, 5% and 4% totals
35%). Of all the offences, 337 were detected, 13% of all offences.



Arson

There were 201 offences in the period, of these 18 were detected and four were
attempts. This remains comparable to the previous period, which recorded 203
arson offences.


The majority of arson offences occurred in Rugby North Sector (18.4%) closely
followed by Nuneaton Central (14.9%). The highest number of offences occurred in
November 2004 with 43 offences followed by March with 39 offences. The offences
however appear erratic as to when they occur.




                                                                                        41
Houses, vehicles, barns, bins and public toilets are all popular targets for arsonists.




PREVENTION


Legislation has been recently introduced and from October 2004, it has been illegal
to let off fireworks between the hours of 11 p.m. and 7 a.m. Offenders will receive a
fixed penalty fine of £80, except on special occasions such as Guy Fawkes night,
New Year, Chinese New Year and Diwali. Those that fail to pay the fines will see
them increase to £120 and then face jail if the fines are not paid. For the most
serious offences there can be police prosecutions, fines of up to £5,000 and six
months in prison. Nobody under the age of 18 may possess fireworks.


Work with the Fire Service has established an Arson Reduction Policy, which
identifies that abandoned vehicles and suspected offender vehicles which are likely
to be set alight are removed quickly. A formalised process to contact the Fire Service
to ensure these vehicles are removed has been developed.


Nuisance Youths

There were a total of 6,545 nuisance youth incidents in Warwickshire recorded on the
Force Command and Control system, during this period (1 October 2004 – 31 March
2005).


NORTHERN AREA
The north experienced more Nuisance Youths incidents than the south, 65% as
opposed to 35%.


The three beats with the highest number of incidents experienced almost 40% of all
the Nuisance Youth incidents across the force area (38%). These beats are
Nuneaton West (14.4%), Bedworth (13.5%) and Rugby North (10%).


Locations targeted by Nuisance Youths seem to be shops, schools, parks and other
community sites.

The highest number of incidents occurred on Fridays, with 18% of all offences. The
time period during which the highest number of offences occurred was 16:00 - 19:59


                                                                                          42
hours. The high number of offences occurring on a Friday may be due to youths
being allowed out to meet friends as it is not a school night. However, Monday has
the second highest number of offences (14%) which does not fit this pattern, the
reason for this is not known at present.


PREVENTION

Out of Hours Scheme
In October 2004 Studley was flagged as having a major problem with nuisance
youths and the effect it was having on the community. The key problem times, days
of week, areas were identified. Analysing data over a three year period demonstrated
that acquisitive crime was on the increase too. The Studley beat had the highest
volume of Nuisance Youth incidents in the south of the county (approximately 330 in
12 months).


Working closely with a Connexions worker in the area, who was engaging a small
number of known ‘nuisance youths’, data was collected regarding exactly which days
and times his clubs were running. This was used to produce a ‘before’ and ‘after’
picture of the volume of calls to assess the impact his club was having. The analysis
showed that there was a definite decrease in calls when the clubs were taking place.
Although it was unlikely that the clubs were wholly responsible for the reduction
(police resources had been stepped up during the period) the overall picture was
encouraging.


Truancy
There were 5,326 secondary pupils who missed a total of 71,936 sessions in
Warwickshire, equating to an average of 14 sessions per absent pupil. One in six
pupils takes unauthorised absence during the school year.


North Warwickshire continues to have the highest unauthorised absenteeism rate of
1.08% although this has fallen from 1.59% last year. Rugby remains unchanged and
now has the lowest rate of unauthorised absenteeism. Conversely the unauthorised
absence rates within Nuneaton and Bedworth, Stratford and Warwick Districts have
slightly increased on last year.




                                                                                     43
Truancy sweeps led by the Education Department, with assistance from the police,
visit known hotspots of truants. Police visit addresses where truants are believed to
be, and if found, return them to school.


The Community Safety Team have developed a “Dealing with Youth Disorder”
manual which outlines a six stage approach to dealing with young offenders involved
in anti social behaviour. This six stage process begins with warning letter through to
use of ASBOs and nominations for youth PPOs. It also covers the use of a risk
matrix for hotspot locations where dispersal orders can be considered.


PCSOs
PCSOs assist in disposing of alcohol seized from youths (506 alcoholic drinks
disposed of), reporting and co-ordinating the removal of graffiti (845 sites found and
removed) and providing high visibility patrols at identified hotspots (over 30,000
hours spent on patrol).


As previously explained, criminal damage is a signal crime and therefore affects the
fear of crime in communities. PCSOs attempt to deal with these signals, by removing
the physical triggers such as graffiti and abandoned vehicles.




                                                                                     44
Public Disorder

Definition of Public Disorder
A public disorder incident is any incident recorded in the following three categories:
-   Disturbance in a public place
-   Disturbance in a licensed premises
-   Drunkenness


Performance Information
The main problem encountered with Public Disorder was that as the offence is not
crimed, the information cannot be accessed via Crime 410, only through STORM.
Therefore although the basic analysis can be done ie. temporal, beat and sector,
data is not easily accessible about the victim, offender or MO.


Much of public disorder occurs within town centres and around licensed premises.
As discussed within the Violence Against the Person section, a new Pubwatch
scheme was launched on 1 April 2005. This means that those people responsible for
causing serious problems will face a minimum 12 month ban and can face a lifetime
ban from pubs and clubs across Warwick, Leamington and Kenilworth Districts. The
scheme utilises town centre CCTV and a radio network to alert all licensees and door
staff of any disorder and troublemakers in the area.



Anti Social Behaviour
The countywide anti social behaviour strategy is due to be published imminently. The
following figures and tables have been taken from the final draft of the strategy
document. The number of anti social behaviour incidents across the county rose from
37,586 in 2002/2003 to 43,448 in 2003/2004.


Nuneaton and Bedworth District was awarded CDRP funding for a part time
Nuisance Support Officer. This has now been increased to a full time position which
commenced in May 2005 to further address the Anti Social Behaviour issues in the
district.




                                                                                         45
For the calendar year 2004 the breakdown of measures countywide was as follows:


Together Initiative
This is a government initiative that encourages multi agency action against anti social
behaviour. Warwickshire Police is involved in this campaign directed through
formalised policy. This increased multi-agency approach will assist in increasing the
impact against anti social behaviour through the increased use of ASBOs, CRASBOs
etc.


ASBOs
There are currently 21 ASBOs in operation throughout the force against juveniles.
Rugby District has the most with nine, followed by North Warwickshire with seven,
Nuneaton and Bedworth District with four and finally Warwick District with one (none
in operation in Stratford District).


There are 15 ASBOs in operation throughout the force against adults with a further
five interim orders. All of the interim orders are in the Northern Area, with four in
Rugby. Of the 15 Adult ASBOs, seven are in Rugby District, five in Stratford District,
two in Nuneaton and Bedworth District and one in North Warwickshire District.


In the majority of cases ASBOs are a result of a general mix of nuisance, verbal
abuse, shouting, swearing, threatening and intimidating people, shoplifting, throwing
missiles, causing damage and entering premises previously banned from. In a
smaller number of cases, there are allegations of riding motorbikes or driving cars
without a licence, insurance etc and causing a nuisance and distress by doing so.
(Source: Chief Executive Department, Warwickshire County Council).




                                                                                        46
Table 10 – Anti Social Behaviour Incidents 2004/05 (Source: CDRP)
                          North        Nun &     Rugby    Stratford   Warwick      County
                          Warwic       Bed
                          kshire
Abandoned Vehicles             393         773     575          359         534       2,634
Animal-related                 280         312     327          584         368       1,871
problems
Criminal Damage,               914      3,222     2,026       1,377        2,229      9.838
vandalism
Drug/substance                 237         509     320          399         739       2,204
misuse/drug dealing
Hoax Calls                     536      1,647     1,066         775        1,849      5,873
Intimidation/Harassment        304         741     445          407         477       2,374
Noise                             68       242     116          153         255           834
Nuisance behaviour           1,686      5,558     3,451       2,640        4,486     17,831
Prostitution                      44       111      79           59         100           393
Total                        4,462     13,115     8,405       6,753       11,107     43,852
Rate per 1,00 pop                 72       109      94           59          84            84
Change on 2003/2004            -7%         +7%     -5%         +1%          +3%        +1%


There have been reductions in incidents relating to abandoned vehicles,
drugs/drunkenness, hoax calls and sexual offences. There have been increases in
the number of incidents relating to general nuisance behaviour (nuisance youths,
disturbances etc) and noise nuisance. On average, Warwickshire Police received a
report of one incident every 12 minutes.


Alcohol Related Disorder
(Alcohol related disorder in covered in more depth in the Violence Against the Person
section).


Police in Leamington have been granted new powers to tackle drunken anti social
groups in the Victoria Terrace, Spencer Street and Bath Street areas of the town. An
authority to disperse groups in this area has been granted under Section 30 of the
Anti Social Behaviour Act 2003. This followed concerns regarding the rise in the
numbers of incidents and crimes of anti-social behaviour, drunkenness, disorder and
violence.



                                                                                     47
More than 140 incidents in these areas have been reported to police in the past 12
months. There have also been complaints from local residents of noise and litter
problems. Most of the incidents are reported between 23:00 and 03:00 between
Thursday and Sunday nights. The main problem area is around the junction of
Victoria Terrace and Spencer Street where groups of between ten and 50 people
gather after drinking in local pubs. The authority is supported by Warwick District
Council, and gives police powers to disperse groups of two or more. Anyone who
fails to comply risks being arrested. The individuals can be instructed to stay out of
the relevant area for a period of up to 24 hours.


The authority will be used as a preventative measure to reduce crime and disorder in
the area and has been granted for a six month period from 1 April 2005.




                                                                                         48
Burglary Other
Burglary Other includes burglary of property that is not residential (Burglary Dwelling
offences) nor are commercial premises, these include sheds, out-houses, garages
etc.
                            Figure 9 – Burglary Other Offences 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                                Burglary Other

                            300
       Number of Offences




                            250
                            200
                                                                                  Series1
                            150
                                                                                  Series2
                            100
                            50
                             0

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Performance Information
The force has seen a decrease in the number of Burglary Other (not including
Commercial Burglary) offences from 1,023 to 840 in the current period. A detection
rate of 8.45% for Burglary Other offences has been recorded in this period.


Burglary Other offences within the force system does not discriminate between
Burglary Non Dwelling and Commercial Burglary. Therefore the following section will
cover all Burglary Other offences.


NORTHERN AREA
The Northern Area experienced 60.60% of offences. Of the three districts, only North
Warwickshire District had one particular beat that experienced more offences than
any others.


Rugby District
The number of Burglary Other offences was fairly evenly split across the district,
though Newbold beat experienced the most with 27 offences, though this was a
significant decrease on the previous period where Newbold experienced 36 offences.


                                                                                            49
Admirals beat also made significant progress decreasing the number of offences
from 40 to 23.


Nuneaton and Bedworth District
There were no significantly high beats compared to the rest of the district, with Manor
beat experiencing the most with 49 offences. Both Camp Hill and Weddington beats
experienced distinct increases in the number of offences (60% and 43%
respectively).


North Warwickshire
The Coleshill beat in North Warwickshire experienced the highest number of offences
and significantly higher than the average number of offences with 40 (average 15
offences). Atherstone had significantly decreased the number of offences from 58 in
the previous period (April – September 2004) to 33. However, Water Orton beat
increased from eight to 19 offences (44.44% increase in the number of offences).


SOUTHERN AREA
No significant beat in either district was detected in this period (October 2004 –
March 2005).


Stratford District
Stratford Town and Tanworth beats both experienced 30 offences and were the two
highest beats in the district. Both Studley and Bidford beats saw significant
decreases in offences (53.33% and 57.69% respectively).


Warwick District
Victoria and Queensway beats both experienced 25 offences but were not
significantly higher than other beats in the district. Brunswick beat made significant
improvements in the period having recorded nine offences, compared to the previous
period (April – September 2004) with 24 offences. However, the Regency beat has
seen an increase from 11 offences in the previous period to 21 offences this period.




                                                                                         50
Analysis of Burglary Other offences


Offences peaked in March 2005 with 346 offences.


The detection rate for commercial burglary offences increased by more than 50%.
The vast majority of Burglary Other (not including Commercial Burglary offences) are
undetected.


The period of 16:00 – 19:59 hours across the week was the key period for offences
to occur.


The towns of Nuneaton and Rugby experienced the highest number of crimes,
significantly higher than other towns with 342 and 311 offences respectively.




Commercial Burglary

Fig 10 - Commercial Burglary Offences 2003/2004 vs 2004/2005

                                          Commercial Burglary

                             250
        Number of Offences




                             200
                             150                                       2004/05
                             100                                       2003/04
                             50
                              0
                                        O er



                                        ec er

                                        Ja er
                                               ne
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                                               Month




PREVENTION


Business Crime Advisors – there are three advisors, one each covering Leamington
and Stratford Districts, Rugby District, and Nuneaton and Bedworth and North
Warwickshire Districts.




                                                                                    51
Partnership with Operational Policing – identifying patterns and trends of burglary
and robbery at retail outlets. The Community Safety Team, in particular the Business
Crime section has been formulating and progressing the adoption of NIM at the
centre of their tasking process. This tasking process and review of hotspots assists
in the deployment of Smartwater kits and ‘DSL’ alarms to the most vulnerable
locations.


Rugby Arson Reduction packs with the specific aim of reducing the number of arsons
perpetrated against commercial premises. These packs are produced by the Fire
Service and distributed by the Business Crime Advisors.


Successful prevention and partnership work is believed to be the main thrux in the
reduction of crime on industrial estates, approx 30% reduction. However, crime
targeted against shops/businesses is thought to be down by 10-11%.




                                                                                      52
HI-TECH CRIME

Performance Information


Phishing
‘Phishing’ attacks use fake but credible emails and website to deceive recipients into
divulging personal data such as credit card numbers, account names, and
passwords. The UKTA states that phishing incidents increased dramatically in 2004,
both in number and in sophistication. In November 2003, 21 discrete phishing
attacks were identified. By July 2004, this figure had risen to almost 2,000.


Online Abuse
The Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) disseminates intelligence on websites
containing images of child abuse to law enforcement agencies, and liases with UK
Internet Service Providers, so that illegal material can be removed from their servers.
In 2003, the number of reports made to the IWF increased by 9% and 15,652 reports
concerned child abuse.


Offenders often prime and control their victims through ‘grooming’, aiming to reduce
the risk of discovery or disclosure by creating an atmosphere of normality and
acceptance. Some child sex offenders use Internet chat-rooms to groom children.


Most identified child sex offenders act alone. However, there is extensive criminal
networking, which is used to justify and ‘normalise’ offending. The Internet has
changed the nature and extent of interaction, making networking possible on a wider
scale with less risk. Most online offender networks are hierarchical in structure and
secretive, with access by invitation only.




                                                                                        53
Road Traffic Collisions

Performance Information


Table 11 – Fatal, Serious and Slight RTC’s October 2004 – March 2005
Severity      October   November      December      January   February   March    Total
Fatal         3         2             2             3         3          1        14
Serious       32        28            29            21        18         18       146
Slight        174       168           141           156       123        115      877
Total (KSi)   35        30            31            24        21         19       160
Total (All)   209       198           172           180       144        134      1037

The figures for each of the severity categories (fatal, serious and slight) peak in
October, with serious and slight casualties significantly higher in October than in any
of the other months.


The Northern Area has had more crashes (565) over the six month period October
2004 to March 2005 than the Southern Area (472). The fact that the Northern Area is
a larger region than the Southern Area could explain the greater number of collisions.


Analysis indicates that a collision on the motorway network is more likely to be fatal
or serious than a collision on the area network. 17% of all collisions on the motorway
network compared with 15% of all collisions on the area network result in someone
being killed or seriously injured.


The average number of casualties per month is 248 compared with the average
number of collisions per month being 173. It appears that on average for every
collision there are 1.4 casualties.


Male drivers are causing more accidents across the board than female drivers, and
men under 21 cause the most accidents - 195 out of 1037 (18.80%).


PREVENTION


Road safety guide
Warwickshire Police and Warwickshire County Council have launched a new road
safety guide in association with BMW’s Hams Hall plant in North Warwickshire. The
guide contains help and advice to all road users.


                                                                                         54
ASTRA Project (‘Active Strategy to Reduce Accidents’)
Two Warwickshire traffic officers developed this project, which has been running for
5½ years. In that time almost half a million young people have been spoken to
through the project. It is a hard hitting approach targeting 16 - 19 year old age
group. It is not only aimed at educating regarding car safety but also attitude and
social responsibility.


An OFSTED inspector examined the scheme in 2000 and the feedback was very
positive. The course is divided up into four or five sessions, each dealing with a
separate issue. For the final session, the parent of a young person killed on the road
talks to the students about their loss.


The force is currently involved with 12 schools, all of which have been identified as
high risk schools (all in Northern Area). The scheme is available to any school in the
county. The project has won a number of awards and has generated interest across
the world. Warwickshire is the only force in the country running such an intensive
programme.


Bikesafe Initiative
Bikesafe is an initiative operated by many police forces around the UK, in partnership
with a variety of motorcycle organisations and enthusiasts.


The aim is to reduce the number of motorcycle rider casualties by delivering rider
skills workshops together with riding assessments throughout the year.


The value of the scheme is acknowledged by most motor insurance companies,
some of who may offer a discount on premiums to riders whom have completed the
programme.


Rider Skills Workshops
Warwickshire Police run Rider Skills Workshops from Headquarters on selected
weekends through the summer. The workshops include classroom input by Police
Advanced Riders, accompanied rider assessments, motorcycle related first aid, and
informative video presentations.




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