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quadrangle fa ll 2007 The Art of Questioning Meet the Neighbors Crossing Over, Giving Back From the Roots Up Rushdie aldkj alk ao alkfj asdjka oirr ja.lkj ai a aldkj aldkj alk ao alkfj asdjka oirr ja.lkj ai a aldkj alk ao alkfj asdjka oirr ja.lkj ai a aldkj aladlkfj k ao alkfj asdjka oirr ja.lkj ai a aldkj alk ao alkfj asdjka oirr TheArt ja.lkj ai a aldkj alk ao alkfj asdjka oirr ja.lkj ai a aldkj alk ao fddalkfd alkfj of asdjka oirr ja.lkj ai a aldkj alk ao alkfj Theater Questioning asdjka oirr ja.lkj ai a. at Emory e mory college pa g e 17 pa g e 14 pa g e 10 The Art of Questioning 10–13 F e at u r e s Black boxes and flying sparks; 25 years of living stories in the “wild west” of Theater at Emory. Meet the Neighbors 14–16 A new psychology building in an expanding science complex promises amazing connections across disciplines. The hardest questions call for the tightest teamwork. Crossing Over, Giving Back 17–21 College faculty and students dig deep into hearts and smarts with area public school children, leaving lasting impressions on both sides. 8pa g e d e pa rt m e n t s 4–7 Profiles Elizabeth Fox-Genovese remembered with awe and admiration; Monique Dorsainvil embraces the world, 4 and the twenty-five-hour day. pa g e 8–9 Quadrangle Corners A view from the trees: growing traditions at Emory. 24–26 Bookmarks Joseph Crespino’s In Search of Another Country re- pa g e 6 examines race and conservative politics, beyond the civil rights era and beyond the South; more faculty books. 27–29 Kudos Natasha Trethewey wins the 2007 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry; other faculty and student accomplishments. 30–32 Impact Meet Dusty Porter, new Alumni Board president; salute this year’s Distinguished Alumni and Faculty 2–3 Dean’s Letter 22–23 Eagle Eye Here in the College we try to give students every possible advantage: a truly remarkable faculty and staff, top-notch facilities and equipment, amenities, opportunities, support. And we try to raise the bar for ourselves every year on all these fronts. The better we get, the better our students get, and the more every- one benefits. The one advantage we don’t want to require of an Emory undergradu- ate, though, is financial comfort. Our students come from all manner of backgrounds, economic along with racial, social and geographic, and we welcome this diversity. The College feeds off it, is energized by it. But col- lege these days is an expensive proposition, and we have been increasingly concerned that even with scholarships and loans some extremely deserving, high-achieving students might slip through the cracks. The specter of long- term debt might deter some; others might simply think “I could never go to Emory” and investigate no further. The loss of potential here—for who can say what wonders these students, nurtured and challenged at Emory, might bring about—is sobering. So we’ve Editor: david raney taken a dramatic step to increase the accessibility of the Emory experience. In January we launched Emory Advantage, an innovative financial aid pro- Editorial Assistant: jennifer stocking gram aimed directly at lower- and middle-income students. We’re all excited about this, and I want to explain it briefly. Under Art Director: stanis kodman Emory Advantage, which began this academic year, incoming students from families with assessed incomes between $50,000 and $100,000 will have Lead Photographer: kay hinton their four-year loans capped at $15,000. Those with family incomes below that mark will graduate with no need-based loans whatsoever. Production Manager: stuart tur ner Contributing Writers: hal jacobs shawn mccauley michael terrazas Contributing Photographers: tony benner ann borden joe boris hal jacobs bryan meltz david raney jon rou alec young 2 fall 2006 It’s that simple. Every Emory-caliber student can now con- These are also the kind of students we’re aiming for with template the very best liberal arts education available, regardless Emory Advantage. Nearly 80 percent of this year’s incoming of family circumstance. Make no mistake, our undergraduates class were the first in their families to attend college; 40 percent must prove themselves before their College years, and again dur- have family incomes under $20,000. Yet some 90 percent of ing them; enrolling and graduating will be as stiff a test as ever. them graduated in the top 10 percent of their high school classes, But Emory Advantage removes a very real obstacle. It makes and nearly a quarter ranked first. Emory affordable for families with the lowest incomes and From these long-term efforts we can expect many more for those who, as President Jim Wagner has said, might be success stories like Hannah McLaughlin 97C. She won the unable to afford four years of college without substantial debt McMullan Award as well as a Beinecke Scholarship (one of but “ironically make too much money to qualify for many types twenty nationwide) and a Rotary Ambassadorial Scholarship, of financial aid.” so she knows something about hard work and achievement. Today more than ever a college education is the gateway to So do her parents, who with the help of financial aid sent their a successful career, and this leads to a less obvious but crucial daughter here despite economic hardships. point. Emory Advantage will offer many promising young peo- “I have a working class background,” McLaughlin wrote ple not only a better future but a greater choice of which future. to President Bill Chace the year she graduated, “but a world With their student debt reduced or eliminated, graduates can class education.” Now an English professor at the University choose a career based on their talents and enthusiasms rather of Pittsburgh, she wrote then, “My Emory education is already than on the looming pressure to repay loans. Emory Advantage opening doors of opportunity for me—I am rapidly entering will change not only financial realities but the very arc and a larger world in which I feel that I have a voice and the power shape of our students’ lives. to make changes.” Emory Advantage dovetails perfectly with another pro- As educators we can be proud of helping students of mod- gram you should know about. This summer Emory joined est means but limitless potential, and we are happy to enroll a small consortium of schools working to ensure that an every future Hannah McLaughlin, confident that in so doing outstanding education is attainable for every excellent student. we’ll be improving our common future in ways that numbers, QuestBridge, a national non-profit company, has partnered and especially dollar signs, tend to miss. with nineteen fine universities and liberal arts college—among them Stanford, Yale, Princeton, Oberlin and Wellesley—to RobeRt A. PAul, phd provide high-achieving, low-income students with full four- Dean of Emory College year scholarships. fall 2007 3 ta b l e o f contents pro f i les eliz a beth Fo x- ge n ovese 1 9 4 1 —2 0 0 7 by david raney elizabeth Fox-genovese, eleonore raoul professor of the eating on the run with my short time on campus, I dashed humanities, died on January 2, 2007, at Emory University into the Women’s Studies office eating crackers to make an Hospital as a result of complications from October surgery. appointment to see her…. Before I finished my request, here She is remembered as a devoted teacher, prolific scholar and she was walking out of her office. She extended her hand to fierce advocate for women’s intellectual development. me, the hand wrapped with glistening bracelets, and smiled Fox-Genovese came to Emory in 1986 as professor of his- that broad smile. ‘Hi, I’m Betsey.’ There I stood, my mouth full tory and founding director of Emory’s pioneering Institute for of cracker crumbs, face to face with one of the greatest intel- Women’s Studies, the first in the nation to offer a doctorate in lectuals I have ever met.” the field. Chair Carla Freeman described Fox-Genovese recently That inauspicious encounter led to many more substantial as “committed to women’s education in the broadest sense: ones, for Chirhart as for legions of others: in the classroom and education as learning and the development of independent office, on the Quad (where Fox-Genovese and her dog Josef thought; education as self-confidence and the ability to deal were a familiar duo), and in less formal environs. “Betsey’s with the world on equal terms; education as the advancement great love, her husband Gene, joined her to welcome us to of scholarship and the arts.” their home for memorable conversations that ranged from her “My students come first,” Fox-Genovese said in a 2004 beloved New York Yankees to mystery novels to scholarship, interview. “Caring about teaching means that you care about combined with wonderful food and, of course, the cats and clarity and meaning and significance. Why is this worth devot- dogs,” Chirhart said. ing your life to? What’s it for? I feel pretty strongly about Fox-Genovese’s accomplishments were recognized well these things.” outside of Emory. Her groundbreaking books, from 1988’s Generations of Emory students and colleagues can testify Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women to this, and at an April 14 memorial service in Cannon Chapel of the Old South to the three-volume The Mind of the Master they did. Ann Chirhart, now an associate professor of history Class (2005), set the parameters for studying southern slave- at Indiana State University, recalled meeting Fox-Genovese as holding in its intellectual and moral framework. But as Mary a first-year graduate student: “In my usual haste to combine Odem, associate professor of history and women’s studies, “Caring about teaching means that you significance. Why is this worth devoting strongly about these things.” 4 fall 2007 notes, “Betsey made significant contributions to women’s his- As gratifying as this national honor must have been, tory, but also to European history, U.S. southern history, litera- Fox-Genovese likely took even more pleasure in the delights ture and religious studies. The breadth and depth of her body (and occasional constructive discomfort) of debate with stu- of scholarship is truly amazing.” dents and colleagues. Isa D. Williams, now an assistant profes- Odem too remembers the first time she met Fox- sor of women’s studies at Agnes Scott College, remembers Genovese—an event few seem to forget. After a 1990 break- her “deeply felt and compassionate smile” as something one fast at which “I was struck by her elegance, her graciousness earned: “I think she only smiled when she truly felt a measure and her intellectual insight and passion,” Odem was greeted of joy and care.” Tom Burns, Fox-Genovese’s colleague in the in the car by the “long-haired, long-legged Josef, who occupied history department, agrees: “Her smile was always genuine, almost the entire back seat of the car. When we got to campus, and her frowns could penetrate your heart.” A discussion with I hurried to keep up with Betsey and Josef striding across the Betsey, he says, “was an education in itself, no matter the “Betsey made significant contributions to women’s history, but also to European history, U.S. southern history, literature and religious studies. The breadth and depth of her body of scholarship is truly amazing.” Quad, and thought to myself, ‘This is going to be a very inter- subject at hand. Everybody engaged instinctively tightened their esting interview.’ As indeed it was.” arguments and took a deep breath. Our community of schol- In 2003 President George W. Bush awarded Fox-Genevese ars does not accord such respect to many.” the National Humanities Medal in a White House ceremony “Betsey took us seriously,” adds Chirhart. “We are all for “illuminating women’s history and bravely exploring the grateful for the opportunity to know her.” Followed by a tribute culture of America’s past and present. A defender of reason and any teacher would cherish: “She knew what we were capable servant of faith, she has uncovered hidden truths and spoken of doing before we knew it.” with courage in every line and chapter of her life.” care about clarity and meaning and your life to? What’s it for? I feel pretty fall 2007 5 ta b l e o f contents pro f i les c atc h he r w hi l e yo u c a n by david raney talking to monique dorsainvil makes your life seem pretty quiet in Kenya, first at a Schools Without Borders leadership work- and yet feel, somehow, a little more interesting. Now a junior, shop, then with the Mathari Youth Sports Association teaching she’s done more in two years of college than many people do photography to slum children. “They also reach kids through in four (or more). But she doesn’t seem frenetic, a dilettante or theater and sports,” she says. “Many of the national soccer team resume-padder. She isn’t out to impress. That just happens. members started there.” Born and raised in Los Angeles, Dorsainvil says she has Her time in Kenya included three weeks in the mountains never felt home to be any one location. Her family, her experi- with a group of six U.S./Canadian and six Kenyan students, the ences, the people touching her life—these constitute home. latter from Nairobi’s slums, as she learned on returning there. “I’ve always felt the world was calling me to so many different “They were living on $1 a day,” Dorsainvil says. “I had no idea. places,” she says. And she hasn’t been shy about answering. I could read that in U.N. statistics, or see it on the news, but that Dorsainvil’s mother is Haitian, and she attended a French brought home what it means. That was really transforming.” school from the age of five. At sixteen she moved to New Back in the states, Dorsainvil wasted no time getting Mexico to finish high school at the United World College, involved in other transforming experiences. During her first which has campuses all over the world. “Each has roughly 200 semester at Emory, a time when many students are just get- students,” she explains, “with about a quarter of the students ting their bearings, she entered a work-study program at the from the home country and the rest from elsewhere. My school Center for Women; a year later she was on its advisory board. had ninety countries represented. My best friends are still She also joined the Transforming Community Project, a five- from those years.” year initiative aimed at getting the Emory community to talk The real travel began even before she arrived at Emory. about race. In conjunction with SIRE (Scholarly Inquiry and Dorsainvil took a year off between high school and college, Research at Emory) she has been collecting oral histories but she didn’t spend it navel gazing. Instead, six days after from alumni before and after integration, and she hopes to pro- graduation she was in India at a human rights workshop run duce a documentary on the subject. “They were living on $1 a day,” she says. “I had no idea. I could read that in U.N. statistics, or see it on the news, but that brought home what it means. That was really transforming.” —implausibly enough—by two Norwegian professors at the By the end of her sophomore year Dorsainvil had found Tibetan Children’s Village, whose director, Jetsun Pema, is the time to be resident assistant for the Spanish House and a mem- Dalai Lama’s sister. Two months in India were followed by two ber of the President’s Commission on the Status of Women, 6 fall 2007 and to show her Kenyan and Indian photographs [this page] in the Schatten Gallery’s ten-week exhibit “The Art of a Woman: Women in the Arts.” “Taking Women’s Studies 100 with Kimberly Wallace- Sanders and Alyssa Levy inspired me to do a lot of this,” Dorsainvil says. “Learning about race, class and gender and how they interact—it articulated things I didn’t even know I’d been thinking about. I found myself saying ‘wow’ a lot. It literally changed my world.” She prompts a similar reaction in friends and teachers. “The great thing about Monique is that she your camera shutter fast. This summer she studied with inspires people to get out and do something they’re not used to,” Jackson as a Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellow, learn- says Carolyn Cole, a junior and founder of the multiculturalist ing research methods as preparation for doctoral work, club All Mixed Up. “She’s constantly working on a new proj- then returned to India to volunteer at the Ashraya Institute ect, but she always finds time to help others. She finds beauty for Children, an orphanage run by Emory alumna Elizabeth in everyone and anything. She’s my role model.” Sholtys 06C. And this year she serves as resident assistant for Regine Jackson, assistant professor of American studies, the SPICE House, Emory’s first international theme hall. points out that for all her extracurricular activity, Dorsainvil By almost any measure Dorsainvil is, for a twenty-year-old, compiled a 3.9 GPA in her freshman unusually at home in the world. She speaks French, will admit year and was inducted into Phi Eta to “tourist Spanish,” and last year decided to study Mandarin. Sigma, a national freshman honor soci- “It’s hard,” she says, “with multiple meanings attached to sub- ety. “She has the potential to become an tly different brushstrokes. But it’s so beautiful.” outstanding young scholar,” Jackson Such stretching is typical, according to those who know says. “She has a genuine intellectual her. Carolyn Cole says simply, “Monique is in love with learn- curiosity and a commitment to ing.” Our increasingly complex, interconnected world calls for social justice that set her apart from just that kind of energetic curiosity—and Monique should have her peers.” no trouble finding her place in it. Want to catch up with Monique? She’s easy to find and talk to, but set fall 2007 7 Both Wide and Deep Putting Down Roots at even at a place as welcoming as emory. it’s tough to be a transplant, Emory Uprooted from the native soil that’s nurtured you for years, you’re suddenly whisked away to foreign climes, far from by Shawn McCauley those who have tended you since your days in the nursery. In all likelihood this is the first time you’ve been away from them for very long. Out on your own now, in surroundings as unfamiliar as the faces that inhabit them, it’s a strange new world—quite unlike the place you’ve known as home. This abrupt change of scenery can be stressful. No matter how mature you are, it takes time to get adjusted. At first it can be easy to feel overwhelmed, as if the next strong breeze would blow you over. But in the end you’ll find you’re stronger than you think. And should you ever sway or droop, there will be helping hands to prop you up. You’re never as alone as you might feel, because you’re part of Emory’s campus now, where a host of folks will do their best to guide your growth. Sometimes it may seem that no one knows your name, but the students, faculty and staff of Emory are dedicated to seeing that you thrive. Before you know it, fall and winter have passed and this new place feels a lot like home; you plan to stay a while. By spring everyone, including your- self, will be surprised how much you’ve grown. Eventually that “transplant” tag no longer seems to fit. You’re as much a part of the Emory landscape as all who came before you, and you know deep down that this is where you belong. Calhoun Oak Six Emory trees now embody a tradition that began, for stu- a movement to spare it from construction work in the 1940s, dents, many years ago but for one leafy cohort just in 2001. the white oak survived hurricanes Opal in 1995 (which felled At the conclusion of freshman convocation that fall, members nearly 100 campus trees) and Frances in 2004 (which took of the future class of 2005 gathered around a small plot of earth down a 90-foot white oak by the law school) as well as high near the Quadrangle for a ceremonial planting. Following some winds in February 2004 that toppled a 75-foot oak near the brief words, then-President Bill Chace and Emory College Dean Carlos Museum and a Lullwater magnolia. Bobby Paul spread the first shovelfuls of soil around its base, and Over the years, trees have been ceremonially added to the other faculty and administrators read poems. To the freshmen Quadrangle in honor of presidents, favorite professors, deceased watching, the whole affair might have seemed a rather odd way or retiring colleagues, friends and family members. At least one to begin their college experience. In retrospect, though, few acts of these Emory tree traditions is as old as Dr. Calhoun’s oak. An could be more fitting. Arbor Day celebration dating to the 1890s featured songs, poems A testament to their connection to the College, the campus and addresses and culminated in a class tree planting by seniors— and each other, that sugar maple stands today on the Quadrangle who first had to guard all night against an equally traditional near the Callaway Building. Its five counterparts are nearby. attempt by other classes to steal their tree. Though nearly all the students present that day in 2001 have grad- A particularly symbolic tree features in the traditional gifts uated, they’ve left this living legacy behind. And while it may not to Emory presidents, who at inauguration receive, along with seem like much to some, each tree will only grow stronger and keys to the campus and a century-old gavel, a sprig from the more vibrant with time. Future generations of Emory students will “Wesley holly.” Bishop Warren Candler’s wife Antoinette brought seek relief in their shade, find shelter from a sudden cloudburst the holly from Frederica, Georgia, where she’d found it grow- beneath their boughs, and use their branches to support them as ing in the fork of a live oak under which John Wesley preached, they climb. The class of 2005 will miss out on most of this—their and planted it near the Quadrangle flagpole. Though it was tree, like them, is still young—but they know the maple was never uprooted in 1983, cuttings planted at the School of Theology precisely theirs. It belongs, in their name, to us all. and Oxford College still thrive and provide incoming presidents This recent tradition is particularly apt given Emory’s leafy with a reminder of Emory’s Methodist roots. grounds and its longstanding custom of dedicating individual In October 1964, just as Emory was dedicating the trees. An environmental study in the 1970s found some eighty Calhoun Oak to its benefactor, President Lyndon B. Johnson species of trees gracing Emory’s campus. Like people, they’ve spoke over two laurel and willow oaks being planted on come for different reasons, and some have stayed much lon- the White House grounds. Johnson quoted the Scottish ger than others. The massive Calhoun Oak (photo at left), for poet Alexander Smith, who exactly a century earlier had example, has spread its limbs near the hospital entrance for remarked, “My oaks are but saplings; but what undreamed-of more than a century. Named for F. Phinizy Calhoun, an Emory English kings will they not outlive? A man does not plant ophthalmologist and ardent preservationist who spearheaded a tree for himself; he plants it for posterity.” fall 2007 9 The Art of Questioning: Theater at Emory by Michael Terrazas A chill November evening. Long folding work tables cross each other center stage in the Mary Gray Munroe Theater. House lights at full. The stage manager barks out directions to crew, to actors filing into the the- ater in street clothes, some eating, some gossiping about the day’s events, before taking their places at the table and opening thick binders stuffed with the marked-up pages of their scripts. The chatter dies down, and the cast of nine- teen launches into the first scene of King Lear—still seated at tables, still staring at scripts. It is opening night, and all this time audience members have watched from a full bleacher of padded seats, hoping to get their $20 worth of Shakespeare. What is going on here? 10 fall 2007 Theater Emory’s 2005 production of the Bard’s greatest tragedy was synergistic outfits and the people who run them are even more almost certainly the most singular Lear staging ever witnessed by concerned with what makes theater good. those who saw it. But for anyone familiar with the company’s work, “Years ago I had a conversation with [former provost] Billy it was not particularly surprising. The production simply brought to Frye, and I started talking about knowing from the inside, life what has become Theater Emory’s core mission: to focus on the ” research from the inside, says Tim McDonough, associate pro- process of creating theater, and by so doing to plunge energetically fessor and TE artistic director, who both directed the 2005 Lear and relentlessly into questions the serious artist must ask (and ide- production and played the title role. “Our research and our prac- ally answer) in order to make art that matters. tice are aimed at positioning both ourselves and our audience Most college- and university-level theater departments exist so that they can experience human events, circumstances and to teach students their subject by making good theater. It’s not pressures from the inside. that Theater Emory (TE) and the department of theater studies “Other disciplines, for the most part, are aiming at objec- (TS) don’t share this perfectly admirable goal, but in playing out tivity. We’re not just in the business of telling stories, but liv- their joint role in one of the world’s top research universities, these ing stories.” Artistic combustion Nowhere is this spirit more evident than in the biennial Brave New been devoted to particular playwrights (George Bernard Shaw, Henrik Ibsen), to new play development (2004–2005 served as a nine-month Brave New Works festival), and to broad themes Works festival, administered by the Playwriting Center at Emory, (2006–2007 was dubbed “A Season of Youth”). which takes nascent scripts or even ideas and uses both student The favorite thematic tie-in for Vincent Murphy, associate pro- and professional talent to help nudge the work toward realization fessor and past TE artistic producing director, came during the through workshops and readings. Since 1990 Brave New Works spring of 1998. Murphy was approached to do a reading of Jane has helped develop some 140 plays for playwrights at every stage, Taylor’s Ubu and the Truth Commission, which dealt with the expe- from undergraduate student to Pulitzer Prize winner, and many riences of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, have gone on to full productions at Emory or elsewhere, including formed in the wake of that country’s official end to apartheid. the award-winning Humana Festival in Louisville, Kentucky. On campus that spring were two Nobel Prize winners: South “It’s easier for people outside the arts to see how what we do African Archbishop Desmond Tutu and Nigerian writer Wole ” is research, because it advances new work, says Lisa Paulsen, Soyinka, both serving as visiting Woodruff Professors. Murphy lecturer and director of the Playwriting Center. “Every play adds worked with Atlanta’s 7 Stages Theatre to stage the reading to the intellectual understanding of that play, so every production with a cast including playwright Robert Schenkkan, author of the is like a publication, but playwriting itself is pretty direct. We really Pulitzer Prize-winning The Kentucky Cycle, in the title role of Ubu have two products: the individual plays we work on, and our ability and former Spelman College president and Emory faculty mem- ” to be active researchers in this process. ber Johnnetta Cole, among others. Award-winning Irish playwright Paulsen also played a central role in the national “365 Days/365 Sebastian Barry was in attendance. Following the play, Tutu and Plays” project, in which theatrical groups in seventeen communi- Soyinka debated the concept of reconciliation. ties worldwide each day performed a different work by Pulitzer win- “In your lifetime you’re never going to get two Nobel guys to ner Suzan-Lori Parks (who five years ago devoted herself to writing ” walk out of the audience and start arguing with each other onstage, a new play every day for a year). In Atlanta, Emory and the Alliance Murphy recalls. “This combustion happened. They really went at it. Theatre coordinated the project, which wraps up in November Sebastian Barry exploded, just got up and started crying and talk- , 2007 with Emory handling three of its 52 weeks. Nothing like it ing about what was possible in Ireland, and Robert Schenkkan pro- has ever been done, Paulsen says: “It will be talked and thought ceeded to do the most amazing rewrite of a play I’ve ever seen in ” about for a long time. three days, and that’s how [Schenkkan’s play] Handler happened. Still being talked about years after it was dismantled is the “That convergence, in terms of our being a research university Black Rose Theater, an Elizabethan-style playhouse constructed where you can position things like this—it was the brightest com- completely within the confines of the Mary Gray Munroe Theater. ” bustion that created the most extraordinary artistic fire. Theater in the laboratory From 1998–2000 the Black Rose afforded TE and TS the oppor- tunity to stage Elizabethan and Renaissance plays in the kind of space for which they were written (it bookended its three-year life Murphy has seen quite a few sparks since coming to Emory in with The Tempest and As You Like It), as well as to explore how 1989. After teaching in Boston at universities whose disciplinary a theater’s physical nature affects the work performed in it. walls were more fortified, he likens the environment even then at The Black Rose is no more, but the willingness to devote Emory to a “wild, wild west“ where anything was possible. Many time and resources to extended artistic explorations runs deep universities aspire to breaking down departmental barriers; faculty in the Emory theater soul. Past seasons or parts of them have at Emory were actually doing it. fall 2007 11 At the time, TE and TS were both practically brand new, College administration have been open to allowing theater faculty launched just seven years previously. But it was already evident time off to act or direct in outside professional companies, a well- that a different kind of model was in the making. In addition to established measure of productivity. But TE’s presence brings such a collaborative attitude across campus, there was the presence of an opportunity to their back door, offering a laboratory in which the TE itself. To this day, only a few universities boast a professional boundaries of art can be bumped, stretched or broken. theater company working in such close partnership with an aca- “It creates a research environment, a lab in the same way that demic theater department. ” chemistry or biology have their labs, Taylor says. “TE exposes stu- “It has some parallels, but in terms of student contributions, dents to a different kind of rigor. For faculty, we can do stuff that’s nothing as comprehensive, says Leslie Taylor, associate professor ” kind of out there, more edgy than what you can do in commercial and TS chair since 2003. “As far as we can figure out, we’re the theater. The biggest draw is being able to experiment and do what only ones doing it like this. ” you want to do in theater at a place that has the resources and This departmental synergy, at an institution that offers no per- ” support to make it happen. formance-centered degree, allows students to tackle significant roles in important plays, working alongside professional actors, directors, playwrights and technicians. And just as critically it Brave new worlds As for the success of Emory theater as a whole, there are sev- offers faculty the chance to continue their development as art- eral measures—the latest of which is the emergence of the ists and researchers. Historically, not only Emory but all univer- term “theater at Emory” (T@E), coined to acknowledge not only sities with academic departments and programs in the creative the close relationship of TE and TS but also the contributions of arts have labored to find ways to measure faculty productivity. In the University’s several student theater groups. These include the social and physical sciences, and in some humanities depart- Starving Artists Productions, Ad Hoc Productions (which skews ments, it’s easy enough to count up an assistant professor’s peer- toward musicals) and Rathskeller, which bills itself as one of the reviewed articles and book chapters. But what about an academic oldest collegiate improv comedy troupes in the country. theater professional, whose field is not necessarily advanced by By whatever acronym, Emory’s twenty-five-year-old theater a library shelf full of scholarly journals? program is sending forth well-trained and successful alumni. For the performance faculty, other measures and equivalen- In the past seven years, five Emory alums have gone on to cies have been developed. Both the TS department and Emory the Yale School of Drama, considered the most competitive 12 fall 2007 previous spread: top left: Time of Your Life; bottom left: King Lear this spread: top left: “Young Acts”; top right: Spring Awakenings; below: 4Angels graduate program in the country. Many more have established or begun careers in theater and performing arts, several founding their own theater companies right in Atlanta. Of these perhaps the best known is Synchronicity Performance Group, co-founded in 2000 by Hope Mirlis 93C. A newcomer making headlines is Out of Hand Theater, co-founded by a pair of Emory alumnae, Maia Knispel 98C and Ariel de Man 98C. The latter credits her undergraduate focus on process with leading her in her current direction. “I don’t think I’d be developing new work if I’d gone to a [bach- elor of fine arts] program because I would’ve been trained to act, ” speak, sing and dance, but not trained to think, de Man says. “I was challenged to figure out why specific theater was made in specific times and places in history, and that makes you think ” about the kinds of theater you want to make in your own life. Steve Westdahl, a 2000 TS graduate, feels similarly fortunate. black boxes have contributed to the company’s artistic exploration “I still run into people who ask me, ‘How did you luck into a pro- and focus on new-play development—a bona fide theater space is gram that has both an [Actors Equity Association] company and on everyone’s wish list. “If you’re doing Elizabethan theater, you a Renaissance theater space?’” ” ” really need trap doors, Murphy says. “They work that way. Back on campus, T@E is growing. It has added faculty in recent In the meantime, T@E will continue making its audiences think years to help teach the vocational skills of theater, and McDonough by making do with what they have. “I’m very supportive of them says there now are roughly seventy-five theater majors and minors ” and have been since the beginning, says Emory College Dean in Emory College. That has complicated his job as artistic director Bobby Paul, who was on the committee that set up Emory’s theater because now, in addition to picking plays that can work in Emory’s program. “One of the productions that sticks out in my mind is King collection of black-box theater spaces, he must also look for those Lear, [which] struck me as asking a lot of undergraduates, and they with larger casts, so more students can play significant roles. ” did a great job. Things are likely to keep changing. Discussions are under way to By the end of those Lear performances the long work tables offer some kind of master’s of fine arts degree, and though TE has were gone, along with the actors’ scripts. At some point, perhaps made the most of its protean performance spaces—it’s likely the hard for the audience to discern, the house lights had faded. Set pieces and props appeared; actors walked the stage in costume rather than street clothes. And by the time Lear began tearing his robes to tat- ters on the English moor, the audi- ence was right there with him. In the program, McDonough wrote that the ending should seem “like the last day before moving to the the- ” ater. In other words: almost there, but still in development. Theater at Emory’s audiences have been watch- ing things work this way for 25 years, and they like what they’ve seen. fall 2007 13 illustration by james endicott “One of the really interesting things about by Hal Jacobs doing research these days is how interdis- ciplinary it has become. A few years ago, I never thought that I would be collaborat- ing with psychologists.”—Cell biologist Elizabeth Blackburn of the University of California, San Francisco, one of Time magazine’s “100 Most Influential People in the World,” July 3, 2007 14 fall 2006 As faculty in the Psychology Department watch the construction doing on the dopamine system in the brain involv- process begin on their new building, they are justifiably excited ing reward and reinforcement. about the prospect of new office spaces, labs and classrooms. Neill refers to himself and his colleague as They outgrew their current location on Kilgo Circle years ago and are situated “brave but foolish pioneers” because they were in so many different buildings on campus, and even in former residences off- doing interdisciplinary research at a time when it campus, that it would take a map and a good pair of walking shoes to locate wasn’t always appreciated or understood, espe- everyone. Casual conversations around the water cooler among neuroscien- cially by tenure review committees. tists, animal behaviorists, and clinical, cognitive and developmental psycholo- But over the years their work was more than gists have long been a thing of the past. validated by steady funding from the National But as they contemplate their Big Move, they have already begun speculat- Science Foundation and the National Institutes of ing on ways their new location next to the chemistry building—just yards from Health, and by the successful careers of students mathematics, physics and computational sciences—could help draw new intel- who worked in their labs. lectual connections that might just lead to the next Big Idea. Both Neill and Justice believe the current climate “Psychology is at a critical juncture now,” says Robyn Fivush, Samuel for collaboration among psychologists, chemists, Candler Dobbs Professor of Psychology and chair of the department. “New physicists and computational scientists is promising. technologies and sophisticated methodologies are allowing us to learn things “What I’ve seen happen is the progressive about the human brain that were just unimaginable even a decade ago.” invasion of the biological outlook in psychology, As a developmental psychologist, Fivush studies the behavior of families, par- where it is now standard,” says Neill. “If you look ticularly the way parents and children share family history and how this affects at the young faculty we’ve hired, they are aware a child’s sense of identity. She recognizes the importance of casting a wide of the biochemical side even if it’s not part of their intellectual net. research. A good example is Drew Westen with his “Every experience we have changes our brain, and our brain sets the stage new book about politics and the brain that is mak- for every new action we take in the world,” says Fivush. “There’s no way we ing such a big splash. Drew isn’t a neuroscientist, can understand human behavior without having some familiarity with biology, but he knows enough about the field, and he got anthropology, sociology and chemistry—and understanding how we are fully funding to do fMRI studies.” (See the Fall 2006 biological organisms in a culturally mediated world. Quadrangle for more on functional magnetic reso- “Often the most interesting and amazing things emerge from serendipi- nance imaging and Westen’s research.) tous pairings.” Justice believes Emory’s initiatives in compu- David Lynn, Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Chemistry and Biology and tational and life sciences, predictive health, and department chair of chemistry, agrees. “The interface between two seemingly neuroscience will provide the sort of forum in divergent fields is where new discoveries are found.” which chemists, psychologists and others can find He points to the kinds of problems that a merger between sciences might each other and collaborate on mutual interests. tackle. “We’re facing a situation in which it’s not clear where the energy and resources for the future are going to come from,” says Lynn. “We’re facing It Takes a Team issues of how we make moral choices about using technology. What do we do One researcher actively involved in such interdis- about stem cells? How do we think about evolution? How do we worry about ciplinary collaborations across campus is Elaine the way life starts or the effect of global warming on diversity? How important Walker, Dobbs Professor of Psychology and is that for our own sustainability? Neuroscience. A clinical psychologist, Walker looks “These are big issues that are going to take more than just the chemists or at both behavior and biology to understand the the psychologists to think about. It’s going to take some convergence between causes and prevention of major mental illnesses the two. That’s where we are right now. We’re at a point where that conver- such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. gence can be very powerful.” The challenge she faces is akin to a detective trying to solve a crime before it’s committed. Most The Convergence serious mental illnesses strike in the late teens or When you talk to Emory psychologists, chemists and others about what future early twenties. Prior to that, most people at risk for collaborations might look like, they almost always say “Neill and Justice.” these disorders have a relatively normal childhood. Over the course of some twenty years and thirty papers, psychologist Darryl Then as college approaches they gradually dete- Neill and chemist Jay Justice worked together on projects that combined riorate, and after the clinical onset of illness many Neill’s interest in the effects of drugs on the behavior of rats and Justice’s never attain healthy adult functioning. analytic chemistry background. Walker is teaming up with others to identify “It was a very effective collaboration,” says Justice, who recalls looking the behavioral and biological precursors of men- around Emory when he arrived in 1975 and discovering the work Neill was tal illness so that people can be helped early. She fall 2007 15 compares this approach to the way doctors try to identify those at risk for heart disease. “To the extent we can identify people who are at risk before they break down, we’ll be better able to prevent the onset of mental illness.” She is currently involved with a national research team conducting studies of the changes in behavior and brain function that precede the onset of mental illness in early adulthood. The project uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to closely examine brain development in youth at risk. When Walker was in graduate school, she estimates that only about a third of the psychology faculty involved in research on mental disorders looked at biological factors. Now, she says, virtually all faculty conduct interdisciplinary research, and many collaborate with neuroscientists, psychiatrists, biologists and chemists. New Psychology Building Breaks Ground “My collaborations span just about every science discipline and many med- Construction on the psychology department’s new building will ical specializations, including chemistry, biology, genetics, psychiatry, neurology begin in fall 2007 and is scheduled to be completed in 2009. and endocrinology.” she says. “That’s just the way research is done now.” The five-story building (119,000 square feet) will be adja- She’s particularly excited about the prospect of the College establishing an cent to Atwood Hall (chemistry) and a stone’s throw from the Mathematics and Science Center. MRI center in the new Psychology building, which broke ground in September. With this facility Emory would join the rapidly increasing number of universities Darryl Neill of Psychology and Jay Justice of Chemistry with MRI centers dedicated to research in the arts and sciences. Walker says that kind of access would facilitate her research and that of Elaine Walker with graduate students many other investigators at Emory. For example, fMRI is helping Walker and her co-researchers study how stress hormones affect brain function in healthy young adults. Early findings indicate that elevated levels of stress hormones change patterns of brain activity and interfere with memories for certain kinds of information, such as the identity of human faces. This line of research is important enough that the National Institute of Mental Health recently invited Walker and her colleagues to join a handful of other experts at a workshop to set a national research agenda on stress and cognition. The stress studies also point to the great potential for more collaboration among Emory scientists in this new “science neighborhood.” There are many unanswered questions about the neurochemistry underlying the changes mea- sured by fMRI, the sorts of questions best addressed by psychologists, compu- tational scientists, chemists and physicists together. “It’s one thing to discover that fMRI is showing more activity in a specific area of the brain, but it’s another to understand what this means at the molec- ular level,” Walker says. “Increased activity could reflect inhibitory rather than excitatory effects of neurons. There’s a lot of complexity to interpreting the meaning of imaging data, and chemists play a major role in helping investiga- tors understand the processes involved.” The Leap towards Consilience At a psychology-chemistry roundtable held in spring 2007, faculty from both departments gathered to discuss possible synergies. Marshall Duke, Candler Professor of Psychology, expressed the view that the two departments may be taking a step closer to Edward Wilson’s idea of consilience, the “leaping together” of the disciplines. “I think what we’re going to find is that as people in psychology and chem- istry begin working together, this is going to become a place that draws other disciplines together as well,” said Duke. “The brain processes everything,” he continued. “Across the university people are interested in how the brain responds to music, art and literature. Now it’s possible to address those questions at very different levels. This is defi- nitely something to build on.” 16 fall 2007 by David Raney a b c d e f g h i j l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z a b c d e f t g h i jW m z d r q “ e really do drink from the firehose here,” remarks Karen r s t u v w x y z a Falkenberg, lecturer in educational studies. She’s watching doz- ens of excited middle-schoolers pass her temporary office on b c d e f g h i j l m Emory’s Clairmont campus, a sea of milling t-shirts and back- packs interrupted here and there by Emory students two heads taller. The rising 6th–8th graders are between classes at Challenge n o p q r s t u v w & Champions (C&C), a summer program that teaches learning skills and health awareness—and one that doesn’t seem to suffer any of the connotations of duty or punishment that the phrase x y za b c d e f g h “summer school” might carry for a twelve-year-old. At the moment Falkenberg is referring to her Master of Arts in Teaching students, whose intensive three weeks of observa- i j l m n o p q r s tion, counseling and training at C&C will be bracketed by dou- ble “micromester” sessions, with classes morning and evening. t u v w x y z a b c But the firehose image isn’t a bad one for Emory’s involvement with local schools as a whole. Not trickle or drip, but full on. College faculty and students spanning disciplines as varied d e f g h i j l m n as Spanish and biology, mathematics and dance are bringing Emory’s emphasis on liberal arts excellence to area communi- ties and schools. n o p q r s t u v w i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Learning About Learning T his year more than sixty students attended C&C, from all over the Atlanta metro area. “We send out flyers to public school principals,” explains Falkenberg, who directs the pro- keeping “learning logs” to reflect on the way this challenges their preconceptions of education and place. Allison Bladon, now a junior, chose to tutor at the gram, now in its fourth year at Emory after being developed International Community School (ICS). “I spent two hours at North Carolina State in the 1990s. “And we also work with every Monday with a fourth-grader named Ella,” she reports. homeless shelters. That’s one of the beauties of it: some children “We bonded over the fact that we both had parents from the are supported on grants for the homeless, others need partial Caribbean.” And while they worked together to conquer multi- tuition remission, and some can pay in full. Our teachers and plication tables and spelling lists, they also learned about areas counselors have no way of knowing which is which. Everyone is beyond their common experience. “Students there hail from all just here to learn.” over the world, including war-torn areas like Sudan and Kosovo,” The desire, and the delight, are palpable. A visit one morning Bladon goes on. “Perhaps if more students had access to this we yields the arresting sight of twenty kids at an eminently distractible might see a decrease in prejudice. age focused intently on the tables in front of them, trying to work “I learned just as much, if not more, from the students as they out with partners how to connect batteries and bulbs in a circuit. learned from me.” Another room holds (barely) a class called “The Secret Lives of Hahn points out that this mutual learning can also occur in Mathematicians,” a dozen hands straining to be called on to solve an locales that “aren’t schools in the traditional sense, but are clearly equation. Soon they’ll go outside and throw tennis balls as high as education sites.” So while some of her students tutor at Cary they can, timing the return to earth with a stopwatch in a hands-on Reynolds Elementary, others volunteer at Refugee Family Services gravity experiment. “This is so cool,” one of them says in passing. (RFS), a facility for women and children north of Atlanta. “Many “I wish school was always like this.” tell me afterward it was the best part of their week,” she says. Jill Joseph Cadray, senior lecturer in the division, feels the same Ford, a graduate student, was so taken by the experience as an way. As coordinator of preservice teaching, Cadray is in charge EDS 312 instructor that she is now writing her dissertation on of directing field experiences for his students. To him, learning teaching refugees in the public schools. about learning should be open and reflective, and it should hap- Ford describes her RFS involvement as “eye-opening and pen on both sides of the desk. “Teaching can be a solitary activ- humbling. I’ve met and worked with children who’ve seen the ity,” he says. “That may seem incongruous, given a classroom full worst life has to offer, yet are able to survive in miraculous ways.” of students, but without intentional, guided reflection it really The College students she now supervises “talk to me of having can be. And that doesn’t produce the best teaching. So we put learned an incredible amount about lives very different than their a lot of emphasis on not only theory but sociology: knowing stu- own . . . but also about a shared humanity.” dent backgrounds, knowing the community.” And into the community they go. To prepare for certification Science Matters in middle and secondary education, students in Emory course- work teach, tutor and observe in dozens of area schools, in nearby Decatur and DeKalb or farther afield in Clayton or Cobb—ten city and county systems all told. The schools get tutoring and fac- P at Marsteller, senior lecturer in biology and director of the Center for Science Education (CSE), knows something about crossing the lines between higher education and the public ulty consultation; Emory students get practical experience in cur- schools, and about the rewards involved. She laughs at the pro- riculum development and pedagogy. Everybody wins. posed title Director of Acronyms, but it might be appropriate. Talk to just a few of the people putting their scholarship to With funding from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and work outside Emory’s green borders, and you quickly begin to with the help of Emory College science and administration col- think differently about the “public” in “public schools.” Carole leagues, she oversees programs called STEP, PREP, GIFT, CREDIT Hahn, Candler Professor of Education Studies, for instance, and PRISM, among others, all geared toward getting public school takes seriously the familiar injunction to “think globally, act teachers and students ready for higher achievement and greater locally.” Her course in comparative education aims, she says, opportunity. Hughes/CSE inititatives have improved the curricu- to “prepare people to be global citizens, and to understand lum of schools across the Atlanta area and as far away as Alabama, that ‘global’ doesn’t mean ‘over there’.” While EDS 312 requires affecting thousands of students annually. all the readings, essays and exams you’d expect of an Emory Both the programs and the people get high marks. Joseph College class, students must also tutor a local international Lichter, a chemistry graduate student, calls Marsteller and the student and interview someone educated in another country, CSE’s Jordan Rose “two of the most helpful and encouraging 18 fall 2007 x y z a b c d e f g h v w x y z a b c d e f g h mentors I have encountered here at Emory” and the PRISM many facts but the training of the mind to think something program “fantastic.” PRISM (Problems and Research to Integrate that cannot be learned from textbooks.” Science and Mathematics) teams undergraduate and gradu- Emory PREP (Preparatory Research Education Program) tries ate fellows for a full year with middle and high school teachers, to keep this in mind too. A summer residential program for public engaging younger students with “real world” math and science via school students, PREP adds cultural activities to advanced instruc- “problem-based learning.” tion in math, science and literature. The 2006 theme was “Unmask How does it work? “Take the periodic table,” Lichter says. Your Potential,” and it seems to have worked: six students last year “We tried to teach them the relevance of the organization of were finalists for the prestigious Martin Luther King Jr. full merit elements. That’s how Dmitri Mendeleev designed it: elements scholarship, and three more won other scholarships. About twenty in rows and columns based on their chemical properties. We percent earn admission to Emory. told them to imagine they were in Mendeleev’s apartment the One of these was Morgan Dooley, who got involved in PREP night he was about to finish, when suddenly a big wind surges as a rising high school senior and calls it “an awesome experience. through the window and blows his carefully arranged note It gave me my first taste of college life—the freedom, the responsi- cards into a random mess. bility, the limitless intellectual horizons. It was the reason I chose “We gave the students that random pile of cards and asked Emory.” Dooley, now at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, them to put it together again.” was enthused enough to work for PREP as a resident adviser and A more conventional approach might have been to teach biology instructor once she arrived. “It was like going back into methodically about “atomic radii, electronegativity and other a time capsule,” she says. “I can remember what a critical period properties,” says Lichter, “by just showing them the textbook it was for me. . . . These programs give students the foundation figures.” But this way, he points out, calls upon intuition as to be successful for a lifetime.” well as memory. He quotes Einstein for support: “The value Emory Science Outreach (ESO) takes aim at the same tar- of an education in a liberal arts college is not the learning of get, but with an important difference: it’s run not only for but by students. Zain Ahmed, a College senior and president of ESO, started the organiza- tion last year after tutoring at a local high school and witnessing “the multifaceted issues faced by at-risk and disadvantaged students.” ESO volunteers offer themselves as career day speakers and guest lecturers, after-school and weekend assistants, tutors, mentors, science fair judges—basically “in any capacity requested by local schools and teachers,” he said. Ahmed can point to some impressive results. At Avondale High School, where he started a tutoring pro- gram, the passing rate on the Georgia High School Graduation Test improved from below 50% to almost 70% in barely a year. Nithya Mani got involved with ESO early. As a freshman this spring she led a campus science fair for local public school students called Emory Science Olympiad, and she also tutors and mentors. With one class she even learned judo. “It really broke the ice,” she says. “They were teach- ing me the moves. It started to redefine the tutor/student roles a bit.” In ESO, Mani says, “We were able to form relationships Middle schoolers had three weeks of fun learning this summer at Challenge and Champions. fall 2007 19 x y z a b c d e f Above: The José Limon Dance g Company holds a class. Right: Violinist Joshua Bell talks with students. h i j l m u v with the students. In many tutoring programs you just help Some College students take these experiences into intern- a student one time, without any follow-through. But they ships, directed studies, or honors theses. And some go further. remembered us. I really loved doing this.” “A student of mine moved to North Carolina and began Junior Alexandra Kamins also helped with the Science a bilingual reading program,” Hartfield-Mendez says with Olympiad last year, then organized a weekly science club pride. Other graduates are studying public health or medicine at Harper-Archer Middle School. With the CSE’s Jordan Rose with an eye toward working in Latino communities. she formed a “core group” of half a dozen seventh-graders and Rachel Kotler, who took one of these courses as a senior, then “yanked other kids in from the hall.” Kamins says she was went on to teach “bridge” classes (parts of each day in two “surprised how little science they had been exposed to. But their languages) at an inner-city school in Brooklyn. “I taught every- glee when we exploded pipettes with dry ice to explore phase thing,” she says: “Spanish, Math, Social Studies. It was really changes, or one girl’s simple comment after our circuit lab rewarding, and very challenging.” In the process Kotler became (‘No one’s ever explained electricity to me before’) brought me interested in the policy aspects of multicultural education, back every Thursday.” and this fall she begins work toward a doctorate in education at Harvard. She has high praise for Hartfield-Mendez and the department: “Sometimes it only takes one professor, one class, Se habla Emory aqui to shape a path and a career.” H aving my own kids in the public schools—that’s part of the reason I got into this,” says Karen Stolley, associ- New Steps in a New Dance O ate professor and chair of Spanish, of her department’s deep involvement in Atlanta schools. “When I came here in 1992, we r it might take a single visit from a musician, painter or were just starting to see a need.” But with recent demographic dancer, or an invitation to the magic of museums and changes, she says, “some schools are now 80 percent Hispanic/ books, to turn some young person’s mind in a new and unsus- Latino. And there’s been increasing attention to the connection pected direction. Julie Green, who manages school programs between K-12 and higher education.” for Emory’s Michael C. Carlos Museum, uses a grant from OUCP Stolley and senior lecturer Vialla Hartfield-Mendez, direc- to provide transportation and tours for students from five local tor of the Emory Scholars program, recently described some of elementary, middle and high schools. A similar grant for reading the responses to this felt need. “I want our students to under- enrichment helps the Institute for Reading Development reach stand the Latino presence here in Atlanta,” Hartfield-Mendez nearly 2,000 local students in a typical summer. says, so with grants from the Office of University-Community Artists in the Emory Coca-Cola Artists in Residence Partnerships (OUCP), the Institute for Comparative and Program reach out in their own ways, drawing area school kids International Studies and other sponsors, she has led efforts to to Emory (or visiting them at their schools) for programs as strengthen the College’s ties to that community. varied as the artists themselves. The program, in place since As with Emory’s other outreach initiatives, the results 2004, specializes in music but also includes theater, visual arts have been imaginative and varied. In a program called and dance. Consider a few snapshots: members of Urban Bush SHINE, which forges connections with older immigrants, Women and the Jose Limon Dance Company conducting high and in service-learning courses such as “Writing, Context school dance classes; the Zagreb Saxophone Quartet fielding and Community” and “The Hispanic World: Culture, Society, questions about music careers at a middle school assembly; Language,” College students do more than learn the speech and internationally renowned classical guitarist Eliot Fisk in an mores of far-off cultures. They translate in parent-teacher con- interactive performance with elementary students. ferences, help with school newsletters and tutor as a way of cre- “Some of these students have never been to a college cam- ating “locally grounded global citizenship,” as Hartfield-Mendez pus,” remarks Tracy Clark, assistant director for programming at puts it. Some work with young students on bilingual literacy; Emory’s Schwartz Center for Performing Arts. “So it helps make others help in a local program addressing domestic violence the possibility of a college education more tangible for them. in Hispanic families. One program brought area elementary And the residence program gives them an amazing arts experi- school kids together with teachers from Mexico and Emory ence that, hopefully, they’ll remember for a lifetime.” undergraduates for a three-week summer “cultural immersion” in Mexican art and popular culture. fall 2007 21 From “Dreaming Cows,” works by Betty LaDuke, in the Robert W. Woodruff Library, Schatten Gallery from March 19–August 15 Featured title In Search of Another Country: Mississippi and the Conservative Counterrevolution by Joseph Crespino. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007 Joseph Crespino, assistant professor of history, is editing a volume on postwar southern history and plans a book on the rise of private schools in the South after the Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown deci- sion. He joined the Emory faculty in 2003. Excerpt: On August 4, 1964, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents Reports of the men’s disappearance in rural Neshoba County recovered the mangled bodies of three civil rights work- and the federal manhunt that ensued occupied the nation’s ers beneath an earthen dam near Philadelphia, Mississippi. attention throughout Freedom Summer 1964, when hundreds recent emory college Faculty books Timothy Albrecht. Timothy Albrecht Performs Bach Live! (CD) Kristen L. Buras, co-ed. The Subaltern Speak: Curriculum, Tonio Andrade. Fu’ermosha ruhe bian cheng Taiwan fu. Power and Educational Struggles. ----. How Taiwan Became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish and Han Thomas Burns, H. Bender, and Z. Visy. Die römische Siedlung Colonization in the Seventeenth Century. bei Barbac, Komitat Baranya/Ungarn / The Roman Settlement Earl Black. Divided America: The Ferocious Power Struggle near Barbac, Komitat Baranya, Hungary. in American Politics. Rudolph P. Byrd. Charles Johnson’s Novels: Writing the David Blumenthal. Philosophic Mysticism: Studies in American Palimpsest. Rational Religion. William M. Chace. 100 Semesters: My Adventures as Student, Philippe Bonnefis. Bleu: Metamorphoses d’une couleur Professor and University President, and What I Learned along dans la poesie moderne allemande (Amelia Valtolina). the Way. ----. Maupassant. Sur des galets d’Etretat. Marcus Collins. Modern Love: Personal Relationships in ----. Pascal Quignard, figures d’un letter. Twentieth-Century Britain. ----. Valerio Adami. Galilée. Clifton Crais and Pamela Scully. Sara: A Biography and Ghost Story. 24 fall 2007 of college-age volunteers flooded Mississippi to help run served as an icon of southern intransigence, the key setting for voter registration drives and “freedom schools.” The almost what has become the modern American melodrama in which the daily reports of violence and harassment over the summer nation finally dealt with anomalous Deep South racists and made revealed a white population in Mississippi that seemed dramati- good on its promise of equality for all its citizens. It is important cally out of step with the rest of the nation. . . . not to take American redemption and gothic southern rac- The sixteen years separating the civil rights murders and ism as the story of the civil rights era. Doing so reduces his- Ronald Reagan’s  campaign stop in Neshoba County tory to a morality tale, it ignores ongoing struggles for racial represented a sea change in the political fortunes of both white justice, and it oversimplifies white reaction to the civil rights Mississippians and American conservatives more generally. struggle both inside and outside of the South. Most crucially, In 1964, Mississippi whites were a derided minority in a nation it obscures important connections between how conservative that at long last had acted legislatively to end the legacies of white southerners and conservative white Americans responded slavery and racial discrimination. Conservatism seemed as dis- to the civil rights revolution. . . . credited as a political philosophy as white Mississippians were Those who posit the continuity of white racial attitudes as democratic citizens. Many Americans saw it, as Richard must be mindful of Barbara Fields’s warning: “A historian look- Hofstadter famously wrote, as part of a “paranoid style” in ing for continuity in attitudes is likely to find it regardless of the American politics, the viewpoint of crackpots and extremists. set of attitudes selected, provided he is sufficiently imaginative Only sixteen years later, however, American conservatives in his construction of what constitutes evidence for the exis- were triumphant. Ronald Reagan’s election was the crown- tence of an attitude.” Undoubtedly, the protection of white ing achievement of a newly ascendant, ideologically honed privilege has remained a part of modern conservative politics conservative wing within the Republican Party. This faction in the South. Even today, race remains the central division in would set the political agenda for the GOP and the nation Mississippi, politically, culturally, spatially. The challenge for for decades to come. And among conservative Republicans, scholars, however, is to reconcile the continuity of white rac- Mississippians—and other Deep South whites like them— ism with both the evolution of its expression and the dramatic were a carefully courted constituency. . . . changes that have swept the state and the region. It is not an Many white Mississippians were, to be sure, among the easy task, but in failing to do so, scholars attribute to white rac- most hardened opponents to basic advances for African ism a mystical, ahistorical quality that explains everything and, Americans in the 1960s. Certainly, not every self-identified con- thus, explains nothing very well. servative shared their racial views. But too often Mississippi has Lisa Dillman, translator. Zigzag (a Jose Carlos Somoza novel). ----. Race and Contemporary Medicine: Biological Facts Mikhail Epstein. Filosofiia tela (Philosophy of the Body). and Fictions. Mikhail Epstein. Konstruktivnyi potential gumanitarnykh Sherryl Goodman and Corey Keyes, co-editors. Women nauk (The Constructive Potential of the Humanities). and Depression: A Handbook for the Social, Behavioral and ----. Slovo i molchanie. Metafizika russkoi literatury (Word Biomedical Sciences. and Silence: The Metaphysics of Russian Literature). Jim Grimsley. Forgiveness. ----. Velikaia Sov’. Sovetskaia mifologiia (Great Owland. Barbara Ladd. Resisting History: Gender, Modernity and Soviet Mythology). Authorship in William Faulkner, Zora Neale Hurston and Maisha T. Fisher. Writing in Rhythm: Spoken Word Eudora Welty. Poetry in Urban Classrooms. John Anthony Lennon. Player’s Fair. (CD) Thomas R. Flynn. A Very Short Introduction to Anthony J. Martin. Trace Fossils of San Salvador. Existentialism. Nina K. Martin. Sexy Thrills: Undressing the Erotic Thriller. Sander Gilman. Multiculturalism and the Jews. Katherine Mitchell. An Artist’s View. fall 2007 25 Katherine Mitchell, Katherine Mitchell: A Retrospective Christine Perkell. Reading Vergil’s Aeneid: 1974-2006. An Interpretive Guide. James Nagy, P. Hansen and D. O’Leary. Deblurring Images: Hossein Samei and Mohammad Tabatab`i. Dastur-e Matrices, Spectra and Filtering. Zaban-e Farsi [Persian Grammar]. Laura Otis. Müller’s Lab. Pamela Scully. Race and Ethnicity in Women’s and ----. The Tantalus Letters. http://www.lablit.com. Gender History in Global Perspective. Chikako Ozawa-de Silva. Psychotherapy and Religion Melody Siegler, T. Eisner and M. Eisner. Secret Weapons: in Japan: The Japanese Introspection Practice of Naikan. Defenses of Insects, Spiders, Scorpions and Other Many- Gyanendra Pandey and Yunas Samad. Faultlines of Legged Creatures. Nationhood: India and Pakistan. James Larry Taulbee. International Law: Gyanendra Pandey. The Construction of Communalism A Comprehensive Interactive Website. in Colonial North India. Donald Verene. Hegel’s Absolute: An Introduction Elizabeth C. Pastan and Sylvie Balcon. Les vitraux du to Reading the Phenomenology of Spirit. choeur de la cathédrale de Troyes (XIIIe siècle), Comité Français de Corpus Vitrearum, Vol. II in series. 26 fall 2007 kudos natasha trethewey bookmarks April 16, 2007, is a day that Natasha Trethewey won’t soon forget. Nor will her students in English 205, Introduction to Poetry. Teaching that Monday, Trethewey looked up at a knock from Paula Vitaris, the Creative Writing Program coordinator, and went to the door. “I need to tell you something,” said Vitaris. Out in the hallway came a deep breath and then the bombshell: “You won the Pulitzer Prize.” “I screamed,” Trethewey says. “The class cheered. It was a little crazy near her hometown of Gulfport. Trethewey learned of the unit dur- for a minute.” ing annual summer visits but noticed that, unlike their Confederate It’s been that way ever since for Trethewey, associate professor counterparts, there was no memorial to the regiment. of creative writing, who won for her collection Native Guard. She As she researched this history she was also writing elegies for has been interviewed and quoted everywhere from her home state her mother, who in 1985 was murdered by her second husband. (Mississippi) Clarion-Ledger to the New York Times, from NPR to “I didn’t see at first that they belonged together,” Trethewey says, the Hindu News Service. but then “it hit me pretty hard that while I was trying to erect Trethewey isn’t new to awards. Her work has garnered fel- a monument to these soldiers, I hadn’t erected one to my mother.” lowships from the Guggenheim and Rockefeller foundations and Native Guard’s poems are meant “to cultivate and nurture and the National Endowment for the Arts, and all three of her books tend to her memory” but also “to think about how my personal have won the Mississippi Institute of Arts and Letters Book Prize. history intersects with the public history of my native homeland.” Domestic Work (2000) took home the Cave Canem Prize and the Trethewey has described poetry as “a way to articulate those Lillian Smith Award for Poetry. Bellocq’s Ophelia (2002) was named things that seem hardest to say.” Asked about this, she says “It is a Notable Book by the American Library Association. Individual hard. But it’s the hardest thing I love to do. It’s not going to hap- poems have appeared in an enviable list of prestigious journals, pen just because I’m strolling across campus with my scarves won Grolier and Pushcart prizes and twice been selected for the flowing behind me, but when it’s working, a poem coming annual Best American Poetry series. together, everything finally clicking into place, I get euphoric. The Pulitzer, though, raises the bar. “I’m absolutely honored,” Then it starts to go away, and the only thing that’s going to get it says Trethewey, adding “delight” and (at first) “disbelief ” to her back is to write another poem.” range of reactions. The fourth African-American poet to win, Native Guard’s topics—memory and erasure, loss and a kind and the daughter of a interracial marriage that was still illegal in of bruised self-knowledge—might suggest a grim or somber tone, Mississippi in 1965, she follows some of the intertwinings of color, but the volume offers many moments of pleasure in the immedi- family and place in Native Guard. ate physical world. This is not really a contradiction, Trethewey At a May 8 reading on campus she dedicated the award, as she says. “Even if a poem is deeply grief-filled, the making of the poem does the book, to her late mother, Gwendolyn Ann Turnbough, itself, the shaping of it, can be a triumph over some traumatic event. a prominent presence in Native Guard. The volume takes its title Making a poem is when I’m at my happiest.” from an African-American regiment that fought for the Union in the Civil War, stationed just off the Mississippi coast on Ship Island fall 2007 27 k ud o s impact notable Faculty achievements o f c o n t e n t s table b o o k mar ks Jan Akers, lecturer in theater studies, Thomas Burns, Jim Grimsley, senior writer in residence, received the first Dobbs Professor of History, David Samuel Candler eagle eye Mid-Career Author Award from the Saints and Sinners Literary Edwards, Charles Howard Candler Professor of Psychology, Festival, presented in May in New Orleans. and Tim McDonough, associate professor of theater stud- ies, received Emory’s Crystal Apple Award for Excellence in Joseph Henrich, assistant professor of anthropology, Undergraduate Education. and Robert McCauley, William Rand Kenan Jr. University Professor of Philosophy, were invited speakers at the 2007 Peter Brown, professor of anthropology, received the Distinguished Award Lectures on the Cognitive Foundation of University Scholar/Teacher Award, which recognizes both excel- Science and Religion at Oxford University. lence as a classroom teacher and contributions to the scholarly life of the University. Harvey Klehr, Andrew W. Mellon Professor of Politics and History, Judith Miller, associate professor of art history, Robert Chirinko, Winship Distinguished Research Professor Laurie Patton, professor and chair of religion, and Rebecca of Economics, was awarded a Houblon-Norman/George Stone, associate professor of art history, will be senior fellows Research Fellowship from the Bank of England. at the Fox Center for Humanistic Inquiry in 2007–2008. Gray Crouse, professor of biology, and Elizabeth Pastan, Deborah Lipstadt, Dorot Professor of Jewish Studies, has associate professor of art history, won the Emory Williams been appointed by Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice as a Award for Distinguished Teaching. member of a U.S. delegation to a conference in Bucharest, Romania, on combating discrimination and promoting mutual Frans de Waal, Charles Howard Candler Professor of respect and understanding, sponsored by the Organization for Psychology and Director of the Living Links Center, was named Security and Cooperation in Europe. Lipstadt was also awarded one of Time’s “100 Most Influential People in the World.” the Doctor of Humane Letters degree in May from both Hebrew Union College and the John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Timothy Dowd, associate professor of sociology, was awarded the Erasmus Chair for the Humanities at Erasmus Pat Marstellar, senior lecturer in biology, won the 2007 University, Rotterdam, for 2007-2008. George P. Cuttino Award for Excellence in Faculty Mentoring. . Arri Eisen, senior lecturer in biology, received the Laura Jones Anthony Martin, senior lecturer in environmental stud- Hardman Crystal Apple Award for Excellence in Service to the ies, Daphne Norton, lecturer in chemistry, and Erdmann Emory Community. Waniek, associate professor of German studies, received Excellence in Teaching Awards from the Center for Teaching Joyce Flueckiger, professor of religion, won the Georgia and Curriculum. Writer’s Association “Gaya” Award for Biography for her book, In Amma’s Healing Room. Richard Martin, professor of religion, will serve a three-year term as President of the American Research Council in Egypt. Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, associate professor of women’s studies, will spend academic year 2007–2008 as the James Nagy, associate professor of mathematics and com- Dabney Adams Hart Distinguished Visiting Humanities Professor puter science, received a Crystal Apple Award for Excellence in at Agnes Scott College. Graduate Education. Elizabeth Goodstein, associate professor in the ILA, Michael Rich, associate professor of political science and received the German Studies Association/DAAD Book Prize director of OUCP, was inducted into the Morehouse College for her book Experience without Qualities: Boredom and Board of Preachers and Sponsors and Collegium of Scholars. Modernity. Goldstein was also appointed to the American Academy in Berlin in the fall. 28 fall 2007 kudos student honors bookmarks Lindsey Baker, Jamie Lawler, Mary Parker and Haley Five undergraduates received Fulbright Scholarships for study Rosengarten won 2007 University Humanitarian Awards. and work abroad: Charles Harrison, a comparative literature and Spanish major; Whitney Hostetter, an international Robbie Brown received the Lucius Lamar McMullan Award, studies and German major; Stephanie Malak, a Spanish and given annually to an Emory College graduate demonstrating international studies major; Nathan Meeks, a business and promise of becoming a future leader and serving the global Spanish major; and Ryan Plocher, an English and German community. He also received a 2007–2008 Robert T. Jones studies major. Scholarship to study for a year at St. Andrews University. Elizabeth Sholtys won a 2007 University Humanitarian Steven Haag, Caitlin Lyman and Andrew McCrary Award and an Unsung Heroine Award from the Center for received 2007–2008 Robert T. Jones Scholarships to study for Women at Emory. a year at St. Andrews University. Aimi Hamraie, a senior, and Julie Hoehn, a junior, were the first all-female team in the sixty-one-year history of the National Debate Tournament to win the title. They were crowned national champions at the Dallas, Texas tournament March 28–April 2. Robbie Brown 07C won the prestigious Lucius Lamar McMullan scholarship, then donated the $20,000 prize to classmate Elizabeth Sholtys’s home for street children in Pune, India. Aimi Hamraie and Julie Hoehn fall 2007 29 impac t ta b l e o f c o n te nts dusty porter eagle eye “It was amazing to me that I could study something in classes that interested me in life.” When most alumni talk about their Emory experience, they of seniors actually interviewed applicants back then), working in tend to look back and reminisce about the way things were. the AMUC (now the DUC) as a building manager, and directing J. Davidson “Dusty” Porter 85C looks both back and forward. or acting in many of the shows put on by Ad Hoc Productions. Porter, the incoming president of the Emory Alumni Board, says In the classroom, his moment of epiphany came while tak- Emory means as much to him now that he’s in his forties as it did ing psychology courses that focused on why people behave the when he was a young man. way they do, particularly within organizations. “It was amazing “It involves a shared sense of priorities,” said Porter dur- to me that I could study something in classes that interested me ing a recent phone conversation from his office at the Maryland in life,” he said. Institute College of Art in Baltimore, where he serves as vice While working on his doctorate in college student personnel president for student affairs. from the University of Maryland, College Park, he reignited his “I’ve watched the programs and centers that I really believe Emory experience by joining the Washington, D.C., alumni chapter. in continue to flourish. I’ve seen how campus life has focused on “I reconnected with alumni I knew and met new alumni leadership development efforts and worked with students on dif- who were moving into the area,” said Porter. “It was a nice way ferences and diversity. And I’ve been proud of the fact that Emory of enjoying cultural and social events, restaurants and museums has taken specific steps to support students of different sexual while connecting with people.” orientation on campus.” These days, he considers himself lucky to have an affinity Porter first became involved in campus life as an under- with the College as a student and as a member of the alumni graduate—he learned the ropes of working with students board. To show his appreciation and his support of Emory during by being an active member of several student organizations, its current capital campaign, he recently made the decision to including the Chi Phi fraternity, and as a resident advisor in his make a bequest to Emory in his will, albeit with the understand- dorm. In fact, he believes that his RA experience formed the ing that “hopefully it will take a long time before that gift cornerstone of his career in student affairs because it was so is bequeathed.” positive. Besides, he added with a laugh, “Once you’ve been an Even his gift involves looking back and forward. As a young RA in Dobbs Pit [the bottom floor of Dobbs] you have nowhere man, Emory made a difference in his life. Now he sees “how to go but up . . . so to speak.” important it is for other students to receive the Emory experience Other activities that shaped his future included being so they can make a difference in the world through their gifts.” a “senior interviewer” in the Admission Office (a select group —Hal Jacobs A bequest such as Porter’s is an attractive giving option for many donors. By including Emory in their estate plans, donors can fulfill their philanthropic goals, reduce or eliminate potential federal estate tax, and reduce the cost of estate settlement—all without decreasing avail- able assets during lifetime. Bequests are recognized as campaign gifts and are also revocable, which provides donors maximum flexibility. Other gift options include life income gifts, such as charitable gift annuities or charitable remainder trusts that pay income to a donor or other income beneficiaries for their lifetimes. For more information about bequest and life income gifts, please contact the Office of Gift Planning at 404.727.8346 or giftplan- firstname.lastname@example.org. 30 fall 2007 k u do s im p a c t david bray bookmarks wendy rosenberg-nadel eagle eye Judson c. “Jake” ward David Bray 01C 04PH has rung up an impressive list of accom- plishments since graduating six years ago. Within months of receiving his diploma, he found himself thrust into a leadership role at the CDC due to the events of September 11. As informa- tion technology chief for the CDC’s Bioterrorism Preparedness & Response Program, he worked days and nights during the national emergency. He also helped to coordinate responses to the anthrax attacks, the emergence of SARS, a national out- break of monkeypox, and other emergencies. During much of this time, he was pursuing an MSPH at the Rollins School of Public Health. Never one to sit still, he is now pursing a PhD in information systems at Goizueta Business School. To friends and colleagues, what makes Bray’s achievements even more special is his humanitarianism, especially his ability to put people and collaboration before technology. As a stu- dent in Emory College, he received the Humanitarian Award. He regularly volunteers with Habitat for Humanity locally and Each year, Emory College honors two alumni with the has served as a crew leader and EMT on Habitat International Distinguished Alumni Award for service to Emory or their com- trips to the Philippines, Romania, Nepal, Ghana, South Korea and munity, or for achievement in their professional field. A faculty Thailand. In fact, he and his wife were in Thailand during the member is also honored with a Distinguished Faculty Award tsunami response and spent their holidays helping to construct for outstanding contributions. In September, Dean Robert Paul new homes after the disaster. More recently, during the summer presented the Arts & Sciences Distinguished Alumni and Faulty of 2007 he was a guest lecturer at Oxford University, courtesy of Award to the following honorees. a Rotary International Ambassadorial Scholarship. Wendy Rosenberg-Nadel 82C seems to have a natural starting a consulting business that focuses on communica- instinct for volunteerism. While only a sophomore at Emory she tions, strategic planning and board management for nonprofits. launched Volunteer Emory with Debbie Genzer 82C, creating As chairman of the Byram Hills Education Foundation, she has one of the University’s signature organizations that still spreads raised funds to support local schools; she also lent her skills as the spirit of volunteerism more than twenty-five years later. communications director for a local political campaign. Several Since graduation she has continued to pursue her inter- years ago she was deeply involved with issues surrounding ests in the nonprofit field and public service. She worked for child poverty in the United States for the organization Save the the National Multiple Sclerosis Society and the March of Dimes Children. Her work resulted both in a book (The Web of Support, Foundation (while earning a master’s of education in counseling 2000) and in testimony before Congress on the subject. psychology from Teachers College, Columbia University) before fall 2007 31 impact table of contents Thanks to the “Emory Cares” program, in which alumni partic- eagle eye ipate in service projects around the world, Nadel became involved with a newly revived New York City alumni chapter, leading her to reconnect to Emory in other ways. Over the last few years she has dedicated herself to Emory in many capacities, including as founding chair of the Westchester County Alumni Chapter, Emory Alumni Board member, chair for the Student-to-Alumni Experience Committee, Class of 1982 Reunion Committee mem- ber and class gift chairman. No history of the College is at several colleges, including West Point during a stint in the complete without a mention army. In 1947, at Georgia Teachers College at Statesboro, he of Judson C. “Jake” Ward became the youngest college president in Georgia, a post he Jr. 33C 36G. Born on the held until promotion to assistant chancellor of the state university same weekend in 1912 that system. Fifteen years after graduating from Emory, he returned the Titanic sank, Ward began as dean of the College, where he proceeded to establish a more his studies at Emory in 1929 rigorous admission process and help build Emory’s early doctoral a few months ahead of another programs. Under his leadership women entered the College as milestone, the beginning of the residential students for the first time in 1953. Four years later Great Depression. In hindsight, he was promoted to vice president and dean of faculties of the it seems little wonder that University. In 1970 was named executive vice president, a posi- Ward chose history over law as tion from which he retired in 1979 before rejoining the University a career. Almost eighty years as alumni dean in 1985. later, Ward is still at Emory as In addition to serving Emory throughout his life, Ward has dean of alumni and works in a been a long-time financial supporter, with a record thirty-nine building that honors his legacy, consecutive years of giving—as far back as records were kept. the Miller-Ward Alumni House. The Judson C. Ward Consecutive Giving Society was established His fifty-plus year career in 2006 to honor him and all other individuals who support in education spans teaching Emory University through sustained annual giving. Frequently cited for his intellect, humor, charm, and wis- dom, Ward has received the Award of Honor of the Association of Emory Alumni (AEA), the Thomas Jefferson Award, and the Freedom Foundation Award. He is famous in some circles for teaching a “Couples Class” for more than thirty years at Glenn Memorial, and in others for hosting “Jake’s Open House,” an annual Halloween party open to the Emory community. —Hal Jacobs 32 fall 2007 Dalai Lama Joins Emory Faculty In February, His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama was named Emory Presidential Distinguished Professor. This is the first university appointment accepted by the worldwide spiritual leader and head of the Tibetan government in exile, recipient of the 1989 Nobel Peace Prize and the 2006 Congressional Gold Medal, America’s highest civilian honor. “To have a colleague of the Dalai Lama’s stature in our community will be a constant source of inspiration and encouragement for our faculty, staff and students as we strive to realize the vision of educating both the heart and mind,” said President James Wagner. The Dalai Lama first visited Emory in 1987, co-founding the Mind and Life Institute to explore intersections between scientific and spiritual traditions. He received the first Emory President’s Medal in 1995 and an honorary Doctor of Divinity degree in 1998, when he delivered Emory’s commencement address. From October 20–22 the Dalai Lama will deliver his inaugural lecture, attend a Mind and Life conference, participate in an interfaith summit on religion and peacebuilding, and give a public address in Centennial Olympic Park. Details at www.dalailama.emory.edu/events. Emory UnivErsity NON PROFIT Emory CollEgE U.S. POSTAGE 400 CandlEr library PAID 550 asbUry CirClE PERMIT # 3604 atlanta ga 30322 ATLANTA, GA Dead Sea Scrolls on Exhibit From June 16 to October 14 the Michael C. Carlos Museum hosted “Cradle of Christianity: Jewish and Christian Treasures from the Holy Land.” Emory was one of only three U.S. venues for the exhibition, which traces the roots of Christian and Jewish beliefs through biblical archaeology. Included are pieces of the Dead Sea Scrolls, some 800 texts discovered in caves near the Dead Sea from 1947–1956. The Temple Scroll (above), dating from the first century BC to the first century AD, outlines rules for purity and directions for rebuilding the temple at Jerusalem.
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