Though Art Nouveau climaxed in the years 1892 to 1902, the first stirrings of an Art Nouveau
movement can be recognized in the 1880s, in a handful of progressive designs such as the architect-designer
Arthur Mackmurdo's book cover design for his essay on the city churches of Sir Christopher Wren, published
in 1883. Some free-flowing wrought iron from the 1880s could also be adduced, or some flat floral textile
designs, most of which owed some impetus to patterns of High Victorian design.
The name 'Art Nouveau' derived from the name of a shop in Paris, Maison de l'Art Nouveau, at the time run
by Siegfried Bing, that show cased objects that followed this approach to design.
A high point in the evolution of Art Nouveau was the Exposition Universelle of 1900 in Paris, in
which the 'modern style' triumphed in every medium. It probably reached its apogee, however, at the
Esposizione Internazionale d'Arte Decorativa Moderna of 1902 in Turin, Italy, where designers exhibited
from almost every European country where Art Nouveau flourished. Art Nouveau made use of many
technological innovations of the late 19th century, especially the broad use of exposed iron and large,
irregularly shaped pieces of glass in architecture. By the start of the
First World War, however, the highly stylized nature of Art Nouveau design — which itself was
expensive to produce — began to be dropped in favor of more streamlined, rectilinear modernism that was
cheaper and thought to be more faithful to the rough, plain, industrial aesthetic that became Art Deco
Gaudí's mosaic work on the main
Park Güell is a garden complex with
architectural elements situated on the hill of Gaudí's
el Carmel in the Gràcia district of multicolored
Barcelona, Catalonia. It was designed by mosaic dragon
the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí and fountain at the
built in the years 1900 to 1914. It is part of main entrance,
the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Works prior to vandalism
of Antoni Gaudí". early in 2007
Antoni gaudi who belonged to the art nouveau movement and was famous for
his unique style and highly individualistic designs. He use firstly this style.
Art Nouveau was a movement that was broad based
enough to encompass a whole lifestyle: it was possible
to live in an art nouveau house with art nouveau
Gustav Klimt furniture, silverware, crockery, jewelry, etc
Late 19th Century, Art Nouveau Chair by Carlo Bugatti (Italian, 1856-1940)
Antoni gaudi is a most famouse designer and architect
on the world. He use a art nouveau style in the design.
Henry van de velde is used art
nouveau style in the design.
Louis Majorelle was a French
decorator and furniture
designer who manufactured his
own designs, in the French
tradition of the ébéniste. He
was one of the outstanding
designers of furniture in the Art
Nouveau style, and after 1901
formally served as one of the
vice-presidents of the .
Daum is a crystal studio based in Nancy, France, founded in 1875 by Jean Daum (1825-1885). His sons,
Auguste Daum (1853-1909) and Antonin Daum (1864-1931), oversaw its growth during the burgeoning Art
Nouveau period. Currently Daum is the only commercial crystal manufacturer employing the process for art
glass and crystal scultpures.
Émile Gallé was a French artist who worked in glass, and is considered to be one of the major
forces in the French Art Nouveau movement.
Works of art in the Art Nouveau style typically
feature objects of nature such as birds, flowers and
insects but also include women and fantasy creatures.
Embellishment is introduced in the form of
intertwining curvilinear vegetal forms such as leaves,
flowers, vines, grasses and even seaweed. Art Nouveau
has the appearance of flatness which is accomplished
by the absence or reduction of shading; abstract line
work is often used as a filler.
Aubrey Beardsley was the most controversial artist
of the Art Nouveau era, renowned for his dark and perverse
images and the grotesque erotica, which were the main themes
of his later work.
IVAN YAKOVLEVICH BILIBIN
Dynamic, undulating, and flowing, with curved 'whiplash' lines of
syncopated rhythm, characterized much of Art Nouveau. Another feature is the
use of hyperbolas and parabolas in windows, arches, and doors. Conventional
moldings seem to spring to life and 'grow' into plant-derived forms. Like most
design styles, Art Nouveau sought to harmonize its forms. The text above the
Paris Metro entrance follows the qualities of the rest of the iron work in the
structure. Art Nouveau in architecture and interior design eschewed the eclectic
revival styles of the Victorian era. Though Art Nouveau designers selected and
'modernized' some of the more abstract elements of Rococo style, such as flame
and shell textures, they also advocated the use of highly stylized organic forms
as a source of inspiration, expanding the 'natural' repertoire to embrace seaweed,
grasses, and insects.
Another glass and steel combinations