Lynx - DOC by zhangyun

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									                                         Lynx
There are four species of lynxes:

      Canadian Lynx (Lynx canadensis)
      Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx)
      Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus)
      Bobcat (Lynx rufus)




Lynxes have short tails, and usually a tuft of black hair on the tip of the ears. They
have a ruff under their neck which has black bars (not very visible) and it looks like a
bowtie. They have large paws padded for walking on snow, and long whiskers on the
face. The color of the body varies from light brown to grey and is occasionally marked
with dark brown spots, especially on the limbs. They range about 15 kg up to about
30 kg. The Eurasian Lynx is significantly larger than the other species. The Iberian
Lynx is significantly smaller than the other species.

The lynx inhabits the high altitude forests with dense cover of shrubs, reeds and
grass. Though the cat hunts only on the ground, it can climb trees and swim. Though
it can be found in the northern regions of Scandinavia, it is primarily found in North
America and also in pockets in the Himalayas.

The Eurasian Lynx was considered to be extinct in the wild in Slovenia and Croatia
since the beginning of the 20th century, but a resettlement project which begun in
1973 was a success. Today, lynx can be found in the Slovenian Alps and in the
Croatian regions of Gorski Kotar and Velebit. In both countries, lynx is listed as an
endangered species and protected by law. Lynx-spotting in nature can be arranged
in cooperation with Croatian National Park "Risnjak". Since the 1990s, there have
been numerous efforts to resettle the Eurasian Lynx in Germany. It can also be found
in Białowieża Forest in northeastern Poland. The critically endangered Iberian Lynx
lives in southern Spain and before, eastern Portugal. Lynx is more common in
northern Europe - especially in Estonia, Finland and northern parts of Russia.

Starting in 1999, the Colorado Division of Wildlife has begun a program reintroducing
a wild lynx population back to the United States. The animals' distribution was
restricted to Canada before being brought to the Colorado Rockies, where after being
tagged with radio collars they frequently migrated throughout the western United
States. While showing early signs of promise, biologists say it will take more than a
decade to determine whether the program is a success. However, in 2006 the first
case of a native-born Colorado lynx giving birth since 1999 was documented: it gave
birth to 2 kittens, affirming the possibility of successful reintroduction.

General behavioral traits resemble that of a leopard. Lynx are usually solitary,
although a small group of lynx can travel and hunt together. Mating takes place in the
late winter. Its desired resting place is in crevices or under ledges, and it gives birth
to 2 to 4 kittens once a year. It feeds on birds and mammals, fish, and often on sheep
and goats, but its main prey is the Snowshoe Hare.Lynx have been observed in the
Wet Mountains of Colorado. However spotting a lynx is a very rare event in and of
itself, due to the extremely shy and solitary nature of the animal.




Sõnad, mida ma ei teadnud :

   1. tuft – tups
   2. ruff – trumpama
   3. bowtie – kikilips
   4. padded – tasakesi astuma
   5. occasionally – aeg-ajalt
   6. especially – eriti
   7. significantly – oluliselt
   8. inhabits – tavad
   9. altitude – kõrgus merepinnast
   10. shrubs – põõsas , puhmas
   11. resettlement – seda ei tea , sõnaraamatus ka ei olnud ja internetis ka ei
       olnud .
   12. endangered – hävimisohus
   13. arranged – korraldatud
   14. cooperation – koostöö
   15. efforts – püüdlus
   16. reintroducing –
   17. distribution – levik
   18. migrated – rändama
   19. behavioral – käitumine

Kasutatud kirjandus : Google otsing + Wikipedia

								
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