Public Safety by chenmeixiu

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 59

									Budget Perspective
Bill Martinson
June 18, 2009
Public Safety is a vital component of
Tulsa’s Quality of Life.

                Quality of Life



                                   Public
                                   Safety
But it is not the only one.


                        Quality of Life



                  Economic        Neighborhood     Public
Transportation
                   Vitality          Vitality      Safety




 Recreation                          Human         Citizen
                 Environment
 and Culture                       Investment    Engagement
Comparative Cities


                                                   Minneapolis


                                                                        Cleveland
       Sacramento                              Omaha
      Oakland                    Denver
                                                           St. Louis
            Fresno               Colorado          KC
                                 Springs      Wichita
                                        OKC     Tulsa
                              Albuquerque
                                                        Little Rock    Atlanta

                     Tucson
                                              Ft. Worth




 Honolulu                                                                           Miami
                                    2007
                                Quality of Life



                   Economic                   Neighborhood              Public
Transportation
                    Vitality                     Vitality               Safety
                     Income                       Stability
                   Employment                    Affordability




Recreation        Environment                    Human                  Citizen
& Culture                                      Investment             Engagement
   Culture                                       Education
 Recreation                                        Health                        high (best)

                                                                                 medium high
                                                                             medium (average)
                                                                                 medium low

                                                                                 low (worst)
                 components and sub-components are equally weighted
Over the last several decades, we
have focused our resources on Police
and Fire department budgets, to the
detriment of other aspects of quality
of life.
                                                                                                                                                                                 2007-08
                                                                                                                                                                                 2006-07
                                                                                                                                                                                 2005-06
                                                                                                                                                                                 2004-05
                                                                                                                                                                                 2003-04
                                                                                                                                                                                 2002-03
                                                                                                                                                                                 2001-02
                                                                                                                                                                                 2000-01
                                                                                                                                                                                 1999-00
FY68-69 Combined Police and Fire Budgets




                                                                                                                                                                                 1998-99
                                                                                                                                                                                 1997-98
                                                                                                                                                                                 1996-97
                                                                                                                                                                                 1995-96
                                                                                                                                                                                 1994-95
                                                                                                                                                                                 1993-94
                                                                                                                                                                                 1992-93
                                                                                                                                                                                 1991-92
                                                                                                                                                                                 1990-91
                                                                                                                                                                                 1989-90
                                                                                                                                                                                 1988-89
                                                                                                                                                                                 1987-88
                                                                                                                                                                                 1986-87
                                                                                                                                                                                 1985-86
                                                                                                                                                                                 1984-85
                                                                                                                                                                                 1983-84
                                                                                                                                                                                 1982-83
                                                                                                                                                                                 1981-82
                                                                                                                                                                                 1980-81
                                                                                                                                                                                 1979-80
                                                                                                                                                                                 1978-79
                                                                                                                                                                                 1977-78
                                                                                                                                                                                 1976-77
                                                                                                                                                                                 1975-76




                                                                                                                                                 $7,762,539
                                                                                                                                                                                 1974-75
                                                                                                                                                                                 1973-74
                                                                                                                                                                                 1972-73
                                                                                                                                                                                 1971-72
                                                                                                                                                                                 1970-71
                                                                                                                                                                                 1969-70
                                                                                                                                                                                 1968-69




                                                                                                                                                                            $0
                                           $160,000,000



                                                          $140,000,000



                                                                         $120,000,000



                                                                                        $100,000,000



                                                                                                       $80,000,000



                                                                                                                     $60,000,000



                                                                                                                                   $40,000,000



                                                                                                                                                              $20,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2007-08
                                                                                                                                                              $44,646,232




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2006-07
FY68-69 Combined Police and Fire Budgets – at the Rate of Inflation




                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2005-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2004-05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2003-04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2002-03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2001-02
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2000-01
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1999-00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1998-99
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1997-98
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1996-97
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1995-96
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1994-95
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1993-94
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1992-93
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1991-92
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1990-91
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1989-90
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1988-89
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1987-88
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1986-87
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1985-86
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1984-85
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1983-84
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1982-83
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1981-82
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1980-81
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1979-80
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1978-79
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1977-78
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1976-77
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1975-76




                                                                                                                                                                                          $7,762,539
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1974-75
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1973-74
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1972-73
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1971-72
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1970-71
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1969-70
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1968-69




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $0
                                                                      $160,000,000



                                                                                     $140,000,000



                                                                                                    $120,000,000



                                                                                                                   $100,000,000



                                                                                                                                  $80,000,000



                                                                                                                                                $60,000,000



                                                                                                                                                                            $40,000,000



                                                                                                                                                                                                       $20,000,000
Police and Fire, including                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Police and Fire, excluding capital
capital equipment, constitute                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                equipment (which is now funded from
32% of the General FundIn 39                                 Years . . . .                                                                                                                                                                                                                   the Third Penny), constituted 57% of
                                                       Combined Police and Fire Budgets – Actual Growth                                                                                                                                                                                      the General Fund
                                                                             City Population                                                                                                                                         + 17%
$160,000,000                                                                 City Land Area                                                                                                                                          + 13%
                                                                             Fire Department Budget                                                                                                                                  + 1,466%                                                                                                            $149,943,000
$140,000,000                                                                 Police Department Budget                                                                                                                                + 2,228%

$120,000,000



$100,000,000



 $80,000,000



 $60,000,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $44,646,232

 $40,000,000



 $20,000,000



         $0
               1968-69
                         1969-70
                                   1970-71
                                             1971-72
                                                       1972-73
                                                                 1973-74
                                                                           1974-75
                                                                                     1975-76
                                                                                               1976-77
                                                                                                         1977-78
                                                                                                                   1978-79
                                                                                                                             1979-80
                                                                                                                                       1980-81
                                                                                                                                                 1981-82
                                                                                                                                                           1982-83
                                                                                                                                                                     1983-84
                                                                                                                                                                               1984-85
                                                                                                                                                                                         1985-86
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1986-87
                                                                                                                                                                                                             1987-88
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1988-89
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1989-90
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1990-91
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1991-92
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1992-93
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1993-94
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1994-95
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             1995-96
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1996-97
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1997-98
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1998-99
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1999-00
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2000-01
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2001-02
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2002-03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2003-04
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2004-05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 2005-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2006-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2007-08
                                           Police & Fire Budgets v. Personnel
                                                    (FY1969 - FY2008)

                        160,000,000                                                             2,000
                                                                   Police & Fire Personnel
                                                                                                1,800
                        140,000,000




                                                                                                        Police & Fire Authorized Positions
                                                                                                1,600
                        120,000,000
                                      Police & Fire budgets have                                1,400
Police & Fire Budgets




                        100,000,000   grown nearly 14 times                                     1,200
                                      faster than the number of
                         80,000,000                                                             1,000
                                      Police and Fire personnel.
                                                                        Police & Fire Budgets   800
                         60,000,000
                                                                                                600
                         40,000,000
                                                                                                400
                         20,000,000
                                                                                                200

                                 0                                                              0
                                      1968-69
                                      1969-70
                                      1970-71
                                      1971-72
                                      1972-73
                                      1973-74
                                      1974-75
                                      1975-76
                                      1976-77
                                      1977-78
                                      1978-79
                                      1979-80
                                      1980-81
                                      1981-82
                                      1982-83
                                      1983-84
                                      1984-85
                                      1985-86
                                      1986-87
                                      1987-88
                                      1988-89
                                      1989-90
                                      1990-91
                                      1991-92
                                      1992-93
                                      1993-94
                                      1994-95
                                      1995-96
                                      1996-97
                                      1997-98
                                      1998-99
                                      1999-00
                                      2000-01
                                      2001-02
                                      2002-03
                                      2003-04
                                      2004-05
                                      2005-06
                                      2006-07
                                      2007-08
   Park and Recreation
                INCOG
    Urban Development
     Convention Center
                           Percentage of General Fund Growth Captured
               TAEMA               by Department (FY00-FY10)
                Transit
         Human Rights
     Human Resources
  Grants Administration
           River Parks
                Auditor
 Performing Arts Center
                 Mayor
             Gilcrease
           City Council
        Municipal Court
             ED&REM
       Communications
                 Legal
              Planning
   General Government
   Public Works (1080)
               Finance
IT (Telecommunications)
 Development Services                                    74%
                   WIN
                   Fire
                 Police

 -10%                 0%     10%        20%        30%         40%
City of Tulsa Sales Tax

            2¢ for operations dollar
                    3¢ on the




    “Third Penny” for capital improvements
City of Tulsa Sales Tax

        Budgeted to raise $142.8 million
        in FY 2008-2009




         Budgeted to spend $142.8 million
         in FY 2008-2009



                           100%
City of Tulsa Sales Tax
        Projected in the 4/28 Budget Book
        to raise $141.2 million in FY
        2008-2009
         $1.6 million short of budget



         Budgeted to spend $142.8 million
         in FY 2008-2009



                                 101%
City of Tulsa Sales Tax
        Projected in the April Financial
        Statements to raise $139.7 million
        in FY 2008-2009
         $3.1 million short of budget



         Budgeted to spend $142.8 million
         in FY 2008-2009



                                 102%
City of Tulsa Sales Tax
        FY1980
            Raised $47.1 million
            in FY 1979-1980




            Spent $28.7 million
            in FY 1979-1980



                         61%
Just in the last 10 years . . . .
Police & Fire Department Expenditures as % of 2¢ Sales Tax
General Fund (1080)
                       2 Cent                                      Police & Fire    Police/Fire
        Year                          Police          Fire
                      Sales Tax                                     Combined       % of 2 Cents
1999-00 (actual)      $119,094,000      1,660 employees
                                      $59,665,000 $45,210,000       $104,875,000          88.06%
2000-01 (actual)      $126,637,000    $62,840,000    $46,817,000    $109,657,000          86.59%
2001-02 (actual)      $124,850,000    $62,371,000    $47,744,000    $110,115,000          88.20%
2002-03 (actual)      $119,101,000    $64,738,000    $50,743,000    $115,481,000          96.96%
2003-04 (actual)      $118,987,000    $62,883,000    $48,942,000    $111,825,000          93.98%
2004-05 (actual)      $120,853,000    $70,986,000    $53,897,000    $124,883,000         103.33%
2005-06 (actual)      $127,168,000    $72,423,000    $54,896,000    $127,319,000         100.12%
2006-07 (actual)      $134,798,000    $74,240,000    $56,521,000    $130,761,000          97.01%
2007-08 (actual)      $140,224,000    $79,098,000    $60,955,000    $140,053,000          99.88%
2008-09 (estimated)   $141,171,000    $82,132,000    $60,641,000    $142,773,000         101.13%
2009-10 (proposed)    $142,374,000      1,597 employees
                                      $82,201,000 $59,787,000       $141,988,000          99.73%

Change (00-10)        +$23,280,000   +$22,536,000   +$14,577,000    +$37,113,000         11.67%
% Change (00-10)          +19.55%        +37.77%        +32.24%         +35.39%
                                                                    - 63 fewer
                                                                    employees
Police & Fire Department Expenditures as % of 2¢ Sales Tax
General Fund (1080)
                       2 Cent                                      Police & Fire    Police/Fire
        Year                          Police          Fire
                      Sales Tax                                     Combined       % of 2 Cents
1999-00 (actual)      $119,094,000      1,660 employees
                                      $59,665,000 $45,210,000       $104,875,000          88.06%
2000-01 (actual)      $126,637,000    $62,840,000    $46,817,000    $109,657,000          86.59%
2001-02 (actual)      $124,850,000    $62,371,000    $47,744,000    $110,115,000          88.20%
2002-03 (actual)      $119,101,000    $64,738,000    $50,743,000    $115,481,000          96.96%
2003-04 (actual)      $118,987,000    $62,883,000    $48,942,000    $111,825,000          93.98%
2004-05 (actual)      $120,853,000    $70,986,000    $53,897,000    $124,883,000         103.33%
2005-06 (actual)      $127,168,000    $72,423,000    $54,896,000    $127,319,000         100.12%
2006-07 (actual)      $134,798,000    $74,240,000    $56,521,000    $130,761,000          97.01%
2007-08 (actual)      $140,224,000    $79,098,000    $60,955,000    $140,053,000          99.88%
2008-09 (estimated)   $141,171,000    $82,132,000    $60,641,000    $142,773,000         101.13%
2009-10 (proposed)    $142,374,000      1,597 employees
                                      $82,201,000 $59,787,000       $141,988,000          99.73%

Change (00-10)        +$23,280,000   +$22,536,000   +$14,577,000    +$37,113,000     $13,833,000
% Change (00-10)          +19.55%        +37.77%        +32.24%         +35.39%
                                                                    - 63 fewer
                                                                    employees
    What about all of the other General Fund
    responsibilities?
•    Board of Adjustment                       •   Park & Recreation
•    City Council Office                       •   Performing Arts Center
•    Communications                            •   Planning – Neighborhood and
•    Development Services – Building Permits       Comprehensive Planning
•    Development Services – Site/Sign/PUD      •   Planning Commission
     Inspections and Enforcement               •   Public Works – Facilities Maintenance
•    Economic Development                      •   Public Works – Graffiti Abatement
•    Emergency Management                      •   Public Works – Park and Community Center
•    Finance                                       Maintenance
•    Gilcrease Museum                          •   Public Works – Right-of-Way Mowing and
•    Human Resources                               Maintenance
•    Human Rights                              •   Public Works – Snow and Ice Removal
•    INCOG                                     •   Public Works – Street Maintenance
•    Information Technology                    •   Public Works – Traffic Engineering
•    Internal Auditing                         •   Real Estate Management
•    Legal Department                          •   River Parks
•    Mayor’s Action Center                     •   Tulsa Transit
•    Mayor’s Office                            •   Working in Neighborhoods – Neighborhood
                                                   Inspections/Code Enforcement
•    Municipal Courts                          •   Working in Neighborhoods – Neighborhood
•    One Technology Center Debt Service            Liaisons
Year after year, they donate revenue to the Police and Fire departments.

FY2009-10 Budget, as originally proposed

General Fund – Park Revenues                  +$200,000, or 17%




General Fund – Park Expenditures                 -$700,000, or 6%




                                Net Contribution – $900,000
General Fund – Public Works-Related Revenues




                                        +$1,458,000, or 7.6%
General Fund – Public Works Expenditures
                                         -$1,647,000, or 5.4%




                          Net Contribution – $3,105,000
 Trends/Sales Tax Forecasts
Require Severe Cuts in FY’10
Police & Fire Department Expenditures as % of 2¢ Sales Tax
General Fund (1080)
                       2 Cent                                    Police & Fire   Percent of 2
        Year                         Police         Fire
                      Sales Tax                                   Combined          Cents
1999-00 (actual)      $119,094,000   $59,665,000   $45,210,000    $104,875,000         88.06%
2000-01 (actual)      $126,637,000   $62,840,000   $46,817,000    $109,657,000         86.59%
2001-02 (actual)      $124,850,000   $62,371,000   $47,744,000    $110,115,000         88.20%
2002-03 (actual)      $119,101,000   $64,738,000   $50,743,000    $115,481,000         96.96%
2003-04 (actual)      $118,987,000   $62,883,000   $48,942,000    $111,825,000         93.98%
2004-05 (actual)      $120,853,000   $70,986,000   $53,897,000    $124,883,000        103.33%
2005-06 (actual)      $127,168,000   $72,423,000   $54,896,000    $127,319,000        100.12%
2006-07 (actual)      $134,798,000   $74,240,000   $56,521,000    $130,761,000         97.01%
2007-08 (actual)      $140,224,000   $79,098,000   $60,955,000    $140,053,000         99.88%
2008-09 (estimated)   $141,171,000   $82,132,000   $60,641,000    $142,773,000        101.13%
2009-10 (proposed)    $142,374,000   $82,201,000   $59,787,000    $141,988,000         99.73%


Change (00-10)         $23,280,000   $22,536,000   $14,577,000     $37,113,000         11.67%
% Change (00-10)           19.55%        37.77%        32.24%           35.39%
Police & Fire Department Expenditures as % of 2¢ Sales Tax
General Fund (1080)
                       2 Cent                                      Police & Fire   Percent of 2
        Year                         Police           Fire
                      Sales Tax                                     Combined          Cents
1999-00 (actual)      $119,094,000   $59,665,000     $45,210,000    $104,875,000         88.06%
2000-01 (actual)      $126,637,000   $62,840,000     $46,817,000    $109,657,000         86.59%
2001-02 (actual)      $124,850,000   $62,371,000     $47,744,000    $110,115,000         88.20%
2002-03 (actual)      $119,101,000   $64,738,000     $50,743,000    $115,481,000         96.96%
2003-04 (actual)      $118,987,000   $62,883,000     $48,942,000    $111,825,000         93.98%
2004-05 (actual)      $120,853,000   $70,986,000     $53,897,000    $124,883,000        103.33%
2005-06 (actual)      $127,168,000   $72,423,000     $54,896,000    $127,319,000        100.12%
2006-07 (actual)      $134,798,000   $74,240,000     $56,521,000    $130,761,000         97.01%
2007-08 (actual)      $140,224,000   $79,098,000     $60,955,000    $140,053,000         99.88%
2008-09 (estimated)   $141,171,000   $82,132,000     $60,641,000    $142,773,000        101.13%
2009-10 (proposed)    $142,374,000   $82,201,000     $59,787,000    $141,988,000         99.73%
2009-10 (revised)     $132,374,000                                  $139,296,000        105.23%


Change (00-10)         $13,186,000                                   $34,421,000     $21,235,000
% Change (00-10)           11.07%                                         32.82%


                                                   The gap has widened by $7,400,000
Challenging Common Assumptions:
The Relationship Between Police and Fire
Department Spending and Measurable
Impacts on Public Safety
       What is our objective?

   To spend money?

Or –
   To reduce criminal activity and
   To achieve citizen satisfaction
Literature Review and Analysis
 • Studies examining the effect of the level of police expenditures
   to combat crime:
           1979 - Evaluation Quarterly … argues that there is a time lag between the effect of police
            expenditures and crime rates;

           1996 - American Journal of Criminal Justice… significant relationship between disaggregated
            measures of police size and crime;

     1999 - Economic …
  Conclusions Review … asserts that crime responds to economic conditions and incentives;
           2002 - Journal of Criminal Justice … increased police levels reduced most types of crimes;
           The results are varied/mixed.
           2005 - Urban Politics, Crime Rates and Police Strength … asserts that local political systems that
            are more susceptible to citizen pressure will have relatively more police;

      
           2005 - Social Problems… found that communities where or measurable association
             There is NO clear direction, position, minority populations are believed to be
             regarding the impact of police budgets on crime rates.
            more violent spend more to reduce crime;

           2005 - U.S. Government Accountability Office … COPS funds contributed to declines in crime rates
            albeit modest in size;

           2006 - Criminology …crime relationship to number of police is slight;

           2007 - The Determinants of Municipal Policing Expenditures in the U.S. …find that other factors in
            addition to crime rates significantly impact spending;

           2008 - Legal Affairs … asserts that both more police officers and more social support are essential
            in reducing crime.
Quantitative Analysis of Tulsa Data
 • Analysis of Variables for 1990-2007 (with and without time lags
   up to four years):

     Total Crimes per 1,000 population
     Violent Crimes per …
    Conclusion 1,000 population
        Property Crimes per 1,000 population
    
    For% Change: Total Crimes per 1,000 population
        the time period 1990-2007, there were NO strong or even
     % Change: Violent Crimes per 1,000 population
     % Change: Property Crimes correlations between police spending in
    moderately strong, linear per 1,000 population
    Tulsa and crime rates, or % change in crime rates.
                          vs

        TPD Total Budget per 1,000 population
        TPD Personnel Budget per 1,000 population
        TPD Total Budget: raw numbers
        TPD Personnel Budget: raw numbers
        % Change: TPD Total Budget per 1,000 population
        % Change: TPD Personnel Budget per 1,000 population

 • Results: Strongest correlation = only 26% explained variance
                         City of Tulsa - Unemployment v. Crime
                                       (1995-2007)
                    7%                                                                                               33,000

                                                                                                                     32,000
                    6%
                                                                                                                     31,000
                    5%
                                                                                                                     30,000
Unemployment Rate




                    4%                                                                                               29,000




                                                                                                                              Crimes
                    3%                                                                                               28,000


                                                                          76% explained variance                     27,000
                    2%
                                                                                                                     26,000

                    1%
                                                                                                                     25,000


                    0%                                                                                               24,000
                         1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001    2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007


                                       Annual Unemployment Rate                    Total Index Crimes
       What is our objective?

   To spend money?

Or –
   To reduce criminal activity and
   To achieve citizen satisfaction
      Citizens Satisfaction Survey
 OKC has engaged the ETC to survey 3,000 OKC
  households. selected at random.

 They received responses from 1,211. The survey has a
  95% level of confidence with an error term of +/- 2.8%.

 For comparison purposes, other cities are also
  surveyed, including Tulsa.

 ETC provided Tulsa with the comparative cities results
  regarding public safety satisfaction, covering the years
  2003, 2005, 2007 and 2008 (years selected by ETC).
  Citizens Satisfaction Survey
• Tulsa’s comparative rank on our citizens’ overall
  satisfaction with public safety in the years for which
  data were provided by ETC:

    2008 – Tulsa ranked #1 (84% satisfied)

    2007 – Tulsa ranked #1 (81% satisfied)

    2005 – Tulsa ranked #1 (84% satisfied)

    2003 – Tulsa ranked #1 (84% satisfied)
                                                                      2007
                                                                      2006
                                                                      2005
                                                                      2004
                                                                      2003
Structure Fires (1982-2007)




                                                                      2002
                                                                      2001
                                                                      2000
                                                                      1999
                                                                      1998
                                                                      1997
                                                                      1996
                                                                      1995
                                                                      1994
                                                                      1993
                                                                      1992
                                                                      1991
                                                                      1990
                                                                      1989
                                                                      1988
                                                                      1987
                                                                      1986
                                                                      1985
                                                                      1984
                                                                      1983
                                                                      1982




                                              800


                                                    600


                                                          400


                                                                200
               1,400


                              1,200


                                      1,000




                                                                      -
       Advent of Duplicate/Supportive EMS Runs
35,000                        Tulsa Fire Department Responses
30,000
                                         (1982-2007)

25,000

20,000

15,000

10,000

 5,000

   -
         1982
                1983
                       1984
                              1985
                                     1986
                                            1987
                                                   1988
                                                          1989
                                                                 1990
                                                                        1991
                                                                               1992
                                                                                      1993
                                                                                             1994
                                                                                                    1995
                                                                                                           1996
                                                                                                                  1997
                                                                                                                         1998
                                                                                                                                1999
                                                                                                                                       2000
                                                                                                                                              2001
                                                                                                                                                     2002
                                                                                                                                                            2003
                                                                                                                                                                   2004
                                                                                                                                                                          2005
                                                                                                                                                                                 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                        2007
                Structure Fires                                                       Rescue/EMS                                                     False Alarm
          TFD Total Budget Per Structure Fire
$90,000
                     (1982-2007)
$80,000

$70,000

$60,000

$50,000

$40,000

$30,000

$20,000

$10,000

    $0
          1982
          1983
          1984
          1985
          1986
          1987
          1988
          1989
          1990
          1991
          1992
          1993
          1994
          1995
          1996
          1997
          1998
          1999
          2000
          2001
          2002
          2003
          2004
          2005
          2006
          2007
                   Fire Stations Per Capita
            City         Stations   Population    Ratio

St. Louis                  30        355,700     1: 11,900
Tulsa                      32        384,000     1: 12,000
Kansas City                34        475,800     1: 14,000
Oklahoma City              35        547,300     1: 15,600
Group Average              27.5      469,120     1: 17,700
Fort Worth                 40        720,200     1: 18,000
Omaha                      24        432,900     1: 18,000
Minneapolis                19        373,800     1: 19,700
Wichita                    18        357,700     1: 19,900
Tucson                     22        525,500     1: 23,900
Albuquerque                21        518,300     1: 24,700
More Common Misperceptions
Police & Fire personnel are
undercompensated?
Police Corporal – PD-02
(second lowest classification after academy – 78 people)

Base Pay                                                $54,691
Average Pay (Aug. 2008)                                 $65,975
Education Pay (bachelor’s degree)                         $1,200
Longevity Pay (@ 8 yrs.)                                     $922
Average Overtime                                          $4,685
Take-Home Vehicle (estimated value)                       $3,000
                                         Total         $75,782

Senior Assistant City Attorney                          $75,157
Deputy Airport Director - Operations                    $75,054
Treasury Division Manager                               $75,054
Lead Engineer                                           $74,441
Budget Operations & Systems Manager                     $74,441
City Auditor                                            $73,500
Senior Engineer                                         $70,415



                                          Sources: August 2008 Payroll Data; Department Appropriations; Union Contracts
Fire Equipment Operator – FD-02
(second lowest classification – 150 people)

Base Pay                                                $48,552
Average Pay (Aug. 2008)                                 $55,655
Longevity Pay (@ 8 yrs.)                                     $922
Education Pay (bachelor’s degree)                         $1,200
Fitness Pay                                                  $630
Average Overtime                                          $1,676
                                         Total         $60,083


Environmental Chemist                                   $56,772
Microbiologist                                          $56,656
Accountant IV                                           $55,519
Senior Forensic Scientist                               $55,281
Airports Auditor                                        $54,589
Engineer III                                            $52,907
Public Works Supervisor                                 $47,788


                                          Sources: August 2008 Payroll Data; Department Appropriations; Union Contracts
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the
average income for all Tulsa MSA occupations is . . . .

                    $37,140
Average Unemployment
 Rate in 2007 = 3.9%
               City of Tulsa Employees
           Salaries and Benefits Per Person

$100,000
 $90,000    $84,569
                          $78,206
 $80,000
 $70,000
 $60,000                                                 $52,566
 $50,000
 $40,000
 $30,000
 $20,000
 $10,000
     $0

             Police        Fire                        All Others
           Department   Department

                            FY2009-10 Proposed Budget – Personal Services / Authorized Positions
The number of violent crimes increases
every year in the City of Tulsa?
                      City of Tulsa - Total Crime
                             (1995-2007)
30000
28000
26000
24000
22000
20000
18000
16000
14000
12000     violent crimes                                      violent crimes
10000     in 1997: 4,596                                      in 2007: 4,552
8000
6000
4000
2000
   0
        1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007


                      Violent Crime        Property Crime
Police and Fire personnel are the only
City employees risking injury and death?
                 Lost Time Injuries by Department:
                         3 Year Average


                  Total Sworn                                                                       141
                  Total Non-Sworn                                                                   174




The City of Tulsa has not had any fatalities in the last 10 years. The last one occurred in
February 1998, when an employee suffered a heart attack while turning a natural gas meter on/off.     * Includes other departments
Most Police and Fire personnel
are residents of the city of Tulsa?
          Police & Fire Employees Residence

• Over 66% of TFD employees live outside
  Tulsa’s city limits.*

• Over 53% of TPD officers live outside Tulsa’s
  city limits.**

• 66% of TPD officers drive an unmarked car
  and/or live outside Tulsa’s city limits.**




* Source: Tulsa World: 12/11/2005   ** Source: Mayor’s Office, 2008
   Bottom Line: What drives the disparity?

1. Police Compensation

From FY1999-00 to FY2009-10 (as originally proposed),
Police lost 45 authorized positions (-4.5%).

Yet, personal services costs increased by nearly
$27,000 per employee (+46.8%) during that ten year
span.
  Bottom Line: What drives the disparity?

2. Fire – Redundant/Supportive EMS

From 1982 to 2007, structure fires have decreased by
29%.

Yet, Fire Department runs have increased by 428%.
Proposal
City of Tulsa Sales Tax

        Project to raise $130.4 million
        in FY 2009-2010




         Budget to spend $127.0 million
         in FY 2009-2010



                           97.4%
Police & Fire Department Expenditures as % of 2¢ Sales Tax
General Fund (1080)
                       2 Cent                                     Police & Fire    Police/Fire
        Year                         Police          Fire
                      Sales Tax                                    Combined       % of 2 Cents
1999-00 (actual)      $119,094,000   $59,665,000    $45,210,000    $104,875,000          88.06%
2000-01 (actual)      $126,637,000   $62,840,000    $46,817,000    $109,657,000          86.59%
2001-02 (actual)      $124,850,000   $62,371,000    $47,744,000    $110,115,000          88.20%
2002-03 (actual)      $119,101,000   $64,738,000    $50,743,000    $115,481,000          96.96%
2003-04 (actual)      $118,987,000   $62,883,000    $48,942,000    $111,825,000          93.98%
2004-05 (actual)      $120,853,000   $70,986,000    $53,897,000    $124,883,000         103.33%
2005-06 (actual)      $127,168,000     1,627 employees
                                     $72,423,000 $54,896,000       $127,319,000         100.12%
2006-07 (actual)      $134,798,000   $74,240,000    $56,521,000    $130,761,000          97.01%
2007-08 (actual)      $140,224,000   $79,098,000    $60,955,000    $140,053,000          99.88%
2008-09 (estimated)   $141,171,000      We currently have
                                     $82,132,000   $60,641,000     $142,773,000         101.13%
2009-10 (proposed)    $130,374,000     1,611 Police & Fire         $127,046,000          97.45%
                                           employees
Change (00-10)         $11,280,000                                  $22,171,000     $10,891,000
% Change (00-10)            9.47%                                        21.14%
If we adopt this approach, we can
accomplish critical quality-of-life
objectives and limit the number of
furlough days to four, as originally
proposed by the Mayor in her April 28th
proposed budget.

								
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