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									                                                           Unclassified




               Joint C2 Integrated Architectures

     Providing Operational Context
                    Strategy & Execution


                            June 2007

                                                Ken Williams
                                         J89 Integrated Architectures &
                                         Systems Engineering Division
                                                  757-836-9784
Unclassified                              kenneth.williams@jfcom.mil 1
                OVERVIEW
• JFCOM’s architectural responsibilities
• Need for underlying re-usable authorative data
• Operational relevance of architectures
• Architectures must answer five questions
      for the Operational Commander
• JTF Core Architectures
• Systems interoperability - Problem and Solution
• JC2 Portfolio Management Overview

                                                    2
           USJFCOM Responsibilities for
          Joint Integrated Architecture
•USJFCOM…will “lead the development of joint warfighting, C2
 capabilities, architectures, and operational concepts.”
     --DOD Directive 5100.30 05 Jan 2006

•“In coordination with the Chairman, leading the development of
 joint doctrine, concepts, requirements, and integrated
 architectures for joint command and control to ensure
 integration and interoperability from the tactical level through the
 interface with the global level.”
     --Unified Command Plan 2006, 05 May 2006

•The Joint Capability and Integration Development System
 (JCIDS) methodology “requires a collaborative process that
 utilizes joint concepts and integrated architectures to identify
 prioritized capability gaps and integrated DOTMLPF solutions
 (materiel and nonmateriel) to resolve those gaps.
     --CJCSI 3170.01E, 11 May 05
                                                                        3
                                         Increasing Requirements for JTFHQ
                             25
                                                  New JTF HQ Formed
                                                   During fiscal year

                                                  JTF HQ Operational
                                                   During fiscal year
                             20
Number of JTF Headquarters




                             15
                                                                                                               24              24


                                                                                              19                                               19
                             10
                                                                              16

                                                                                                          11
                                             10               10
                             5                                            6
                                                                                          7
                                                                                                                           5
                                                          2
                                         1                                                                                                 1


                                                                                                                    2005




                                                                                                                                    2006
                                                                                                   2004
                                                                                   2003
                                  2000




                                                   2001




                                                                   2002




                                                                                                                                                    4
              The Nature of Today’s Problem


                                                                       • JTF Headquarters do
                                                                         not receive key joint
Capability




                                                                         expertise until after
  JTF




                                                                         initial planning is
                                                                         completed


                                                                       • Full complement of
                                                                         joint expertise arrives
                                                                         after execution
             Warning Order    Alert Order Execute Order   Conducting     (or not at all)
              (WARNORD)      (ALERTORD)     (EXORD)       Operations


                                    Time

                                                                                                   5
   Reduced Time to Full Capability
 Capability



                                                                Legacy JTF
   JTF




                                                               Headquarters
                                                                 Stand-up




               Warning Order    Alert Order          Execute Order        Conducting
                (WARNORD)      (ALERTORD)              (EXORD)            Operations


                                              Time
                   JTF HQ templates and data are enablers
                that reduce time to reach full JTF HQ capability
UNCLASSIFIED                                                                           6
Five Critical Architectural Questions
  A useful Architecture provides a Commander
          answers in five critical areas:

 (1) What is my mission ?

 (2) How am I task organized to support the mission ?
    (to include JMD billets necessary for Supported/Supporting Commands)


 (3) Who do I have to communicate with ?

 (4) What equipment do I have ?
    (how much and how is it normally employed)


 (5) Who needs training ?

                                                                           7
Integrated Architecture Methodology of Building DoDAF Relationships
                           3                   5
                                          OV-3                                                      SV-7
             OV-4                                                                  9
                                                                            Sys_Interface
              Command                         Op_IERs                                                       Sys_Perf
             Relationships                                                                     SV-2
       1
                                                                                 SV-1          10
  AV-1                                                      Sys_Functions
                                               OV-2
                    2                                                                                      Sys_Comm
                OV-1                Op_Nodes          SV-4                                                                 Stds
                                                                                 Sys_Tech_Fcst
                                      4                 7                                                                Forecast
                                                                            SV-9

              Op_Concept                                SV-5                                                              TV-2
Overview                                                                                      Sys_Evol
   &                                                                  Op_Activities to
                           3                                          Sys_Functions SV-8
 Intent                                                                                                                    TV-1
                    OV-5                                            8      Map
AV-2
               Op_Activities
                                                                                                                          Stds
                                          6                                                                              Profile
                                     OV-6a,b,c                      SV-10a,b,c




Integrated                         Op_Behavior                 Sys_Behavior                                   11
Dictionary
                        OV-7                                SV-11                 SV-6              SV-3


                                                                                                        Sys_to_Sys
                        Logical_Data_Model                  Physical_ Data_Model         Sys_IERs     Interoperability
 AV                            OV                                                   SV                                    TV        8
       OASD(NII)
Architecture Development
  and Analysis Survey
        1 Nov 05
                           DoDAF Products Being Produced




                                                           9
     Integrated Architecture Mapping
Harnessing the complexity of a Joint Enterprise that encompasses
 Service Enterprise, Multinational and Interagency requirements
                                                            Integrated View (IV)
                         Billets                            Must be capable of
                                                            demonstrating how
      BBCCOEs*                                              one area is effected/
         (Nodes)
                                        Systems             mapped to each of
                                                            it’s parts based on
                                                            authorative data
                                                            sources.
    C2                                                  ?
                                                    Future
  Systems                                        Relationships




            IERs                        TAF
        Info Exchange              Tasks, Activities,
           Requests                   Functions
                        Networks                            * Boards, Bureaus, Centers,
                                                            Cells, Offices, and Elements
                                                                                           10
Integrated Architecture products support MOPs/MOEs
   Information Needs
  Information Needs
                              •   Precepts
           AV -1
           AV -1              •   Nodes, Needlines & Activities
                              •   Organizational Relationships
 OV -2
 OV -2     OV -4
           OV -4    OV -5
                    OV -5     •   Systems Information Exchanges
                              •   Activities & Process Flow
                              •   Data Flows
 SV-4
 SV-4      SV-5
           SV-5     SV-6
                    SV-6      •   Capability to Systems Trace


 Information Timeliness
Information Timeliness
                              •   Required Systems Information Exchanges              Measures
                              •   Performance Attributes:
                                    > Periodicity     > Availability                     Of
OV -6c
OV -6c     SV-5
           SV-5       SV-6
                      SV-6          > Timeliness      > Throughput
                              •   Time Ordered Nodal Information Exchanges           Performance
                              •   Capability to Systems Correlation to Meet
                                  Timeliness Requirements
                                                                                      Measures
                                                                                         Of
 Information Assurance
Information Assurance         •
                              •
                                  Required Systems Information Exchanges
                                  Performance Attributes:
                                                                                    Effectiveness
                                    > Accuracy        > Information Criticality
   OV -5
   OV -5           SV-4
                   SV-4             > Availability    > Integrity
                              •   Data Flows/Formats
                              •   Information Sequencing
   SV-5
   SV-5            SV-6
                   SV-6       •   Capability to Systems Correlation to Meet
                                  Information Assurance Requirements               Architectures
        Net-Enabled
        Net-Enabled           •   Node Connectivities and Information Needs
                                                                                  must undergo
                              •
OV -2
OV -2                 SV-4
                      SV-4    •
                                  Capability to Systems Correlation
                                  Mapping to NCOW Activities Model                an assessment
           NCOW
           NCOW               •   Data Flows/Formats

SV-5
SV-5
            RM
            RM
                      TV -1
                      TV -1
                              •   Technical Standards Required to Implement
                                  Capability
                                                                                     process
                              •   Information Sequencing
                              •   SV -TV Bridge

                                                                                                    11
12
    Desktop Analysis/Assessment feeds DoD Process
                           Desktop Analysis           Feedback and follow-up analysis as needed


 ID JCF and               ID purpose and scope             ID analysis and       4a. DOT_LPF
focus areas                   of assessment                JT&A objectives      analysis (FSA)            4d. JC2
                                                                                                            BoD
                      2. JCF                                                                             endorse-         5. Prepare & staff
     1. Baseline                        3. Analyze JCF for
                   development                                                    4b. SoSE                ment of          DCRs / ICDs or
      capability                        gaps and shortfalls
                   & validation                                                 analysis (FSA)           proposed             CDD mods
    information                               (FNA)
                      (FAA)      If new                                                                   solution
                            capabilities 3a. Prepare JCD                          4c. JT&A                                   5a. Impact,
                                 required                         JCIDS
                                                                                   (AMA)                                 affordability & exe-
                                                                 approval
                                                                  of JCD                                                 cutability analysis
   Assessment and Planning

                         Execution                                                                              FAA – Functional Area Analysis
                                                                               9a. Solutions                    FNA – Functional Needs Analysis
                                                                             development and                    FSA – Functional Solution Analysis
                                                                                                                AMA – Analysis of Material Approaches
                                                                              implementation
                           7a. JCIDS
                           approval                                                                                10. Final
     6. C2CIB
     endorse-                                    8. Funding                    9b. Solutions                      reviews by                   11.
       ment                                        (PPBE)                       integration                       C2CIB and                 Fielding
                          7b. C2CIB or                                                                              DAWG
                             DAWG
                            approval                                         9c. Solutions T&E

          Diamond:        White: JFCOM-led,      Purple:       Lt. Purple:      Deputy‟s Advisory Working      Joint Command Control
        decision point     multi-C/S/A IPTs      JFCOM           JCIDS          Group (DAWG)                   Board of Directors (JC2
                                                                                                               BOD)
                                                                                Command & Control
                                 Red:            Green:         Orange:         Capability Integration
                          Services/Agencies      PPBE          Acquisition      Board (C2CIB)                                                           13
       JTF Core Architectures:                                       Incremental Development




                                                                                                              Interagency & Multinational
 Functional Component




                                                 JTF HQ Core Architectures – Increment I
  Commanders (FCCs)




                                                                                                                                            (Increment III)
                        (Increment II)


                                         • JTF HQ Core Architecture - Version 1: Completed; Signed Jul 05
                                         • JTF C2 Baseline Templates & Architectures:
                                            Major Combat Operations (MCO) v1.0 – Completed; Signed Mar 06
                                            Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Response (HA/DR) (OCONUS) and
                                            DSCA for Disaster Relief (CONUS) v1.0 Draft – Completed Jun 06
                                            Stability Operations – Completed Jan 07




Increment I: Notional, scaleable, tailorable JTF HQ architecture, including 18K activities,
traced to overarching requirements, linked to equipment, manning, and training needs for
certification

Increment II: Service-developed Joint Forces Land Component Commander (JFLCC), Joint
Forces Air Component Commander (JFACC), Joint Forces Maritime Component Commander
(JFMCC), Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF), and Joint PsyOps Task Force (JPOTF)

Increment III: Multinational and Interagency Modules will be developed, with COCOM Support

                                                Target Date for Completion: December 2008
                                                                                                                                                              14
Template: Joint Task Force Headquarters
                                          CFLCC




                                          CFACC
        Billets

        Tasks
                                          CFMCC
      Systems and
      Applications
                                          CJSOTF




                                          JPOTF




                                          In work




                                                    15
JTF J3 Joint Operations Center Integrated View




                                                 16
                     JTF J-3 Air Operations Cell
                                                                         Capabilities that
                                                                         Must be Included
Billets                                               CENTRIXS
                                                                       In Service-Oriented
                                 JTF J-3 JOC Air Operations
                                      Cell - JTF03302
Tasks                                                                  Architectures (SOAs)
Systems and Applications       PC Desk Top
                                                   PC Desk Top




                                                                                             Standard Applications
                                                                        GCCS-J
                                                                   Global Command and
                                                                                                       MS Office
                                                                   Control System - Joint

                                                                        TBMCS                         NT Toolbox
                                                                 Theater Battle Management
                                                                       Core Systems
                                                                                                   Anti-Virus Software


                                                                 (PFPS)/ Falcon View             Adobe Acrobat Reader
                                                                       Portable Flight
                                                                     Planning Software
                                                                                                  Classify for Outlook
                                                                     C2PC Client
                                                                  Command and Control                     Zip
                                                                   Personal Computer
                                                                                                   File Compression
                                                                         ADOCS
                                                                   Automated Deep Opns             Collaborative Tools
                                                                    Coordination System
                                                                         AMHS
                                                                    Automated Message                 CD Creator
                                                                     Handling System




                                                                                                                         17
      How JTF Architectures Are Being Used
   JTF Improvement                                           C2 Capabilities Assessment




                                    How Do
                                  New/Changed
                                   Capabilities
                                     Fit In?


                                                                              Capability Portfolio
JTF As A Weapons System
                                                                                 Management
Rapid, Efficient, Effective:
                                                                            • Capability Integration
• Organizing
                                                                            • Gap & Overlap Analysis
• Equipping
                                        Reusable Components                 • Dependencies
• Training
                                                                            • Redundancies
• Certification
                                             Common Data

                                         Common Methodology

    Must be (1) Simple to use; (2) based on authorative data; (3) reliable (4) operationally relevant

It is All About How Enriched Data/Data Relationships Can Improve Interoperability
                                                                                18
                                                                                                                                      Strategic to Tactical Integrated View: Draft Version 1.0                                                                                                                                                26 Feb 2007


                                                                  NATIONAL                                       THEATER
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              CENTCOM – C2 BoB          INTEL        COALITION      C2
                                                                   (INTEL)                                 INTEL COCOM                C2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              JTF HQ C2 (MCO/HA
                                                          DOD/                             CIA                                                                                        Manning          UJTL                                                   ect
                                                        SERVICES/                                          JIC/JAC               JOC
                                                        AGENCIES                           NSA                                                                                                                                                                ACAT I-IV
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              JC2 CPM                                                    COALITION
                                                                  DGS                      DIA                                                                                                                                                                JCAS
                                                                1/2/3/4/5
                                                                                                                                                                                       Node           Activity          CSFL        System                                                                               ISAF
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              JMT’s
                             JGA                                                           NGA
                                                                            RSOC(s)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              JTF Turnkey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Land Warnet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              C2 constellation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Force Net
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              MAGTF



                                 IBS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                IBS
                                GBS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 GBS
                             TADIL LINKS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        TADIL LINKS

                                 CDL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             CDL/ABIT

                          LOS- RF Radio Nets                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LOS- RF Radio Nets

                          BLOS (SATCOM/HF)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BLOS (SATCOM/HF)




                                                                                       MCO/HA/DR/S&R


                                                                                                       INTEL         CJTF         C2         INTEL       JFLCC              C2                INTEL       CFMCC                C2            INTEL     JSOTF             C2       INTEL         CFACC          C2        JMT’s
                                                 NECC                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     JCAS
                                                 SOCOM - ISR                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              IAMD
                                                 NORTHCOM – NGB                                           JISE              CJTF
                                                 STRATCOM                                                                   JOC                                                                                                                 JISE                      JOC
                                                                                                   NIST                                                                                       CVIC                       MOCC
                                                                                                                                             JISE                     JOC
                                                                                      JTF- IA                                                                                                                    JTF-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           JAOC/
                                                                                                                            CJTF                                                                                                                                                  AIS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            AOC
                                                                                                                            JCCC

                                                                                                                            CJTF
                                                                       JIOC-X                                               JLSC


                                                                                                                                                     JLFCC
Command & Control Nodes




                                                                                                   JTF HQ                                                                                              JFMCC                                         JACC                               JSOTF
                                           IBS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    IBS

                                           GBS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   GBS
                                       TADIL LINKS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            TADIL LINKS

                                           CDL                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CDL/ABIT

                                   LOS- RF Radio Nets                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LOS- RF Radio Nets

                                   BLOS (SATCOM/HF)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        BLOS (SATCOM/HF)


                                                                                                                                                       1 MEF Organization

                                                     101st Organization                                   1st CAV Organization                       1st Mar Div Organization                                                                                                                                ROTORY                          FIXED
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     MQ-1 Predator w/HELLFIRE)
                                                                                                                                                             Ist Mar Div                                                                                                                                      WING                           WING
                                        INTEL                               C2                     INTEL                         C2            INTEL
                                                                                                                                             INTEL                               C2
                                                                                                                                                                                 C2

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • MH-60L (SOF)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 • F-14
                                                                          DIV
                                       ACE
                                                                          TOC                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    •
                                                                                                                             DIV                                           DIV
                                                                                                  ACE                                                  CIC                                                                                                      ROTORY
                                                                                                                             TOC                                           COC                                                                                                                                                   •AV-8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •MH-47D/E (SOF)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     • CH-46
                                                                 1 IBCT          1 IBCT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • B-1
                                        S-2
                                                                  TOC             BSA
                                                                                                                            1 BCT
                                                                                                  ACT
                                                                                                                             TOC
                                                                                                                                                                           REG                                                                                                                    • AH-6J (SOF)
                                                                                                                                                       CIC                                                                                                                                                                       • B-2
                                                                                                                                                                           COC

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     •CH-53
                                        BN                              BN                         BN                         BN
                                                                                                                                                                            BN                                ISR Assets
                                        S2                             TOC                         S2                        TOC                       S2
                                                                                                                                                                           COC                                                                                                                              FIXED                • B-52
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Space Assets                                                                                      WING



                                           STRYKER SBCT Organization                                    41st ARNG Organization                                                                                                                       •UH-1                                        • F-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 • AC-130H/U (SOF)
                                   INTEL                                    C2                     INTEL                         C2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 FIXED
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 WING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •F-16
                                                                       SBCT                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   NSFS
                                       ACT
                                                                       TOC                                                                                                                                                                           • AH-1
                                                                                                                             DIV
                                                                                                  ACE
                                                                                                                             TOC


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  •F-117                                  • DESTROYERS
                                        BN                                 BN                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             • FRIGATES
                                        S2                                TOC                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             • CRUISERS
                                                                                                                            1 BCT                                                                                                                    • AH-64
                                                                                                  ACT
                                                                                                                             TOC                                                                 Maritime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ground

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • A-10

                                                                                                   BN                         BN
                                                                                                   S2                        TOC                                                                                                                     •OH-58

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •F/A-18
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                FORCE Application
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  19
                                        Division Headquarters & Headquarters Battalion


                                                                                      207 Officers

                 Modular                                        DIV HQ
                                                              216/42/760 1018
                                                                                       41 Warrant Officers
                                                                                      625 Enlisted
                                                             207/41/625/873
                 Division                                                            873 Total Soldiers
                 8.0 Design                                      STB
                                                                                 CMD SEC       S1 SEC        S2/S3 SEC   S4 SEC     MAINT SEC       CHAPLAIN
                                                             Staff Section        2/0/2/4     1/1/10/12       5/0/6/11   1/1/4/6      1/1/1/3        1/0/1/2
      as of 4 JAN 2007

                 HSC                            A Company                                                                           NET SPT
        (SUPPORT CO)                                                               B Company
                                              (formerly HHC)                                                                       COMPANY
      16/3/155/ 174                                                                  2/0/5/ 7
                                                  2/0/5/ 7                                                                         5/1/113/ 119
                         PAGE 137                        PAGE 133                                 PAGE 135                                      PAGE 158




   TAC               MAIN                    A Company                       B Company                                        C Company
MAINT SEC          MAINT SEC
                                            125/11/127/263                  48/20/170/ 238                                    18/7/173/198
0/0/20/ 20         0/0/47/ 47
      PAGE 139               PAGE 148
                                         (includes A Co HQ)              (includes B Co HQ)                               (includes C Co HQ)
  TAC                    MAIN
FEED SEC               FEED SEC             263 Person Co                   238 Person Co                                    198 Person Co
 0/0/6/ 6              0/0/15/ 15
                                            SECTIONS:                        Sections:                                        Sections:
  TAC                    MAIN
                                                                             Sustain (G1/4)                                   C4 (G6)
 MED TM                 MED TM              CMD GRP
 1/0/3/ 4               2/0/6/ 8            MCG                              Intel
                                            LNOS                                                                                     HQ & NET DET
    TAC               MAIN
                   TRANS SEC
                                            CHIEF OF STAFF                                                                             2/1/30/33
TRANS SEC
 0/0/11/11           0/0/6/ 6               Personal Staff          Note: Re-aligned company
                                            PROTECT                                                                                      PAGE 158


STB Staff
                         SENT
                        RADAR
                                            FIRES                   structure                                                         CP SPT DET
11/3/24//38                                 MANEUVER
                       0/0/12/ 12           PLANS                                                                                      3/0/83/ 86
      PAGE 119               PAGE 157
                                                                                                                                        PAGE 159/160           20
                 MAIN CP (includes TAC consolidation)                                                  Main and TAC organized by G-Staff
                            168/37/333/ 538                                                                   (when consolidated)

                   Dotted line boxes
                                                                                       CHIEF OF STAFF                                      (Slide 1 of 2)
                   reflect TAC elements                                                      2/0/1/3


    G1                                       G2                                                                                       G3
5/1/22//28                             15/14/101//130                                                                            64/10/78//152
                                                                                                                          G3 Main                          G3 TAC
                                      G2 Main                          G2 TAC                                            49/8/58/115                      15/2/20/37
                                    11/12/87//110                     4/2/14//20

  G1 HQ                                                                                                                                       G3
                              G2              ACE Chief               ISR G2
  2/0/2/ 4                                                            2/0/1/ 3                                                              1/0/2/3 45
                            2/0/1/3            1/0/1/ 2                                                                                           PAGE

       PAGE 65                   PAGE 23                  PAGE 30            PAGE 95
                                                                                                       G3 CUR OPS        G3 CUR OPS                      CBRNE            CBRN
                           ISR SSO             FUSION                 FUSION                             7/0/5/12           4/0/4/8                      4/0/4/8          1/0/1/2
G1 CUR OP
                            1/0/4/5            0/2/16/18             1/1/4/ 6                                  PAGE 46                 PAGE 103                PAGE 75          PAGE 110
  1/0/1/ 2
                                 PAGE 24                                     PAGE 97
       PAGE 66
                                                          PAGE 31                                       AIRSPACE          AIRSPACE                   EN OPS                ENG
                           ISR OPS                   HAC                                                 2/1/7/10            0/1/1/2                 3/1/3/7              2/0/2/4
G1 HR DIV                   3/0/4/7                 0/1/3/4                                                    PAGE 47
                                                                                                                                       PAGE 104
                                                                                                                                                               PAGE 50
                                                                                                                                                                               PAGE 106
 1/1/0/ 2                        PAGE 25                 PAGE 31
                                                                                                          AVN                 AVN                  EN Prot Cell          Knowledge
       PAGE 67
                                             ISR TGT DEV            ISR TGT DEV                          4/0/4/8            2/0/2/ 4                1/0/1/2                 MGT
                         COLL MGT TM
G1 OP/CAS                                                                                                                                                                  2/0/0/ 2
                            1/1/4/6             1/0/7/8               1/0/1/2                                  PAGE 48                 PAGE 105
                                                                                                                                                               PAGE 76
 0/0/4/ 4                                                                                                                                                                       PAGE 55
                                 PAGE 27                  PAGE 26            PAGE 96
                                                                                                           FSE               FSC                         GI &S
       PAGE 68
                                                                    ISR DCGS-A                                              3/0/3/6
                           DCGS-A              DCGS-A                                                    5/2/9/16                  PAGE 101              0/1/8/9
 G1 EPS                     (CGS)               (DTES)                (DTES)                                                                                   PAGE 51
                                                                                                               PAGE 41
 0/0/4/ 4                  0/0/13/13            0/1/4/5                0/1/4/5
                                                                             PAGE 99
                                                                                                          FAIO              SPACE                         PMO              PMO
       PAGE 69                                            PAGE 28
                                 PAGE 28
                                                                        ISR                              0/2/0/2            2/0/2/4                      4/0/3/7
                                                 COMM                                                          PAGE 42                                                    1/0/2/3
 G1 PIM                     SIGINT                                  COMM INTEG                                                         PAGE 53
                                                 INTEG                                                                                                         PAGE 77          PAGE 109
 0/0/3/ 3                  1/2/11/14                                  0/0/4/4
                                 PAGE 33
                                                0/2/9/ 11                                                  PR                 EW                          AMD              AMD
       PAGE 70                                            PAGE 32            PAGE 98
                                                                                                         3/0/2/5            2/0/1/3                      3/1/4/8
                                                                                                                                                                          1/1/4/ 6
 G1 PASR                 USAF ISR *                  HOC                                                       PAGE 52                 PAGE 43                 PAGE 78
                                                                                                                                                                                PAGE 111
  1/0/6/ 7                                          0/1/3/4
                                                                                                         FUOPS              PSYOP                                          SJA
       PAGE 71                                            PAGE 36                                                                                   USMC OPS *
                                                                                                         5/0/2/7            1/0/1/2                                       1/0/1/2
 G1 MWR                     USAF                     G2 X                CICA                                  PAGE 54                 PAGE 43                                  PAGE 107
  0/0/2/ 2                  CWT *                   1/1/4/6             0/1/3/4                                                                          TACP *
       PAGE 72                                            PAGE 34                  PAGE 35




                                                                                                                                                                                     21
                                MCP/Movement and Maneuver
                                                                                                            MAIN
                                Current Operations Integrating Cell
                                Headquarters Element

                                                                                           Major Equipment:
                                                                                           MCS(x2)        IP Phone (x4)
                                                                                           SCANNER        PSC-5
                                                                                           GCCS-Laptop    Iridium
                                                                         CPP
                                                                                           JTRS           VRC-92F(x2)
                                                                                           15 KW GEN      C2PC
                                                                                           6 KW GEN       BFT
                                                                                           AN/VRC 104(V3)




Functions:
•   Execute Tactical Operations
•   Execution Decision Making
•   Conduct Command Post Operations
•   Assess Tactical Situation and Operations
•   Conduct Update Briefings
•   Maintain Current Status of Forces
•   Receives/actions incoming messages, orders, RFIs, & taskings
•   Informs G-5 on the current situation during MDMP
•   Coordinates actions of the Current Ops Cell with other functional and integrating cells.
•   Executes actions as assigned by the Chief of Staff
                                                                                                                          22
                  Modern Information Exchange
 Operator                                   Operational                                         Operator

                Display                       System                              Display
                               Host                                    Host
   Decision-                                                                                     Decision-
    Quality                                                                                       Quality
  Information                                Technical                                          Information
                Information              Terminal         Terminal                Information
                                           (JTIDS)         (MIDS)       Data
                               Data
                                           010110           010110
                                                     RF
                                                    Data
                                          Protocol & Integration

                                         Man to Machine Interface
                                            Brain-to-Brain

“The ability of systems, units or forces to provide services to and accept services from other systems, units,
      or forces and to use the services so exchanged to enable them to operate effectively together.”
                                                  Source: Joint Pub 1-02                                       23
          Interoperability Gaps
Aircraft and
  Ground
                Application & Message Level    Network & Data Link Level   Physical & Signal Level




 Systems




                                                         Physical/
               Application &                  Network & Signal
               Message level                  Link level   level 24
Interoperability Enhancement Process Case Study




                            • „Standards‟ are not enough
                            • L-16, VMF, MTS, AFAPD, etc
                            • Translation standard
                                 Limited to messages
                                specified by MIL-STD-6020
                                 Link 16 to VMF gateways &
                                translators are critical enablers.
                            • Bit Level implementation
                            • Multi-Service examples
                            • CONOPS and TTPS effected




                                                                     25
            Standards = Interoperability



                                                B-2
JSTARS          AWACS         F-15


     J3.5            J3.5      J3.5        J3.5
  J3.5I           J3.5I     J3.5I      J3.5I


  J3.5E0          J3.5E0    J3.5E0     J3.5E0


  J3.5C1          J3.5C1    J3.5C1     J3.5C1


  J3.5C2          J3.5C2    J3.5C2     J3.5C2


  J3.5C3          J3.5C3    J3.5C3     J3.5C3



                                                      26
          Standards = Interoperability
                 Actual Implementation

                                                            B-2
JSTARS             AWACS              F-15


     J3.5               J3.5           J3.5           J3.5
  J3.5I              J3.5I          J3.5I          J3.5I
   18 Elements         9 Elements     8 Elements    16 Elements
  J3.5E0             J3.5E0         J3.5E0         J3.5E0
    8 Elements         5 Elements     3 Elements     5 Elements
  J3.5C1             J3.5C1         J3.5C1         J3.5C1
    9 Elements         9 Elements     5 Elements    10 Elements
  J3.5C2             J3.5C2         J3.5C2         J3.5C2
    2 Elements         2 Elements     2 Elements     2 Elements
  J3.5C3             J3.5C3         J3.5C3         J3.5C3
   12 Elements         2 Elements     2 Elements    11 Elements

                                                                  27
           Joint Command and Control (JC2)
           Capability Portfolio Management


                                           June 2007


       “DoD requires the ability to manage JC2 capabilities across the enterprise to improve
Interoperability, minimize capability redundancies and gaps, and maximize capability effectiveness.
 Otherwise, we put at risk Joint interoperable effective JC2 capabilities for the Joint Warfighter.”
                    General Lance Smith, USAF, Commander US Joint Forces Command



                                                                                                       28
                             How we got here…
• These challenges:
  – No designated, empowered Joint Advocate “cradle to grave” for joint capabilities
  – We organize, train and equip C2 at the Service level but fight at joint level
  – Lack of prioritization and balance across the entire joint capability area
  – Joint management activities not well defined/aligned with primary DoD processes
  – Unable to view joint C2 across the entire portfolio of contributing investments


• Begat this approach:
  – CPM capability-based planning and management efforts to better enable strategic choice
    and improve ability to make capability tradeoffs
     • Manage groups of like capabilities from across the enterprise to improve interoperability, minimize
       capability redundancies and gaps, and maximize capability effectiveness
     • Integrate requirements/capabilities, acquisition and programmatics - across DOTMLPF spectrum


• Four capability areas selected as test cases:
  – Joint Command and Control (JC2)…….Commander USJFCOM
  – Joint Net-Centric Operations (JNO) ….ASD(NII)/Commander USSTRATCOM
  – Battlespace Awareness (BA) ………....USD(I)
  – Joint Logistics (JL) )……………………..USD(AT&L)/Commander USTRANSCOM
                                                                                                             29
   Capability Portfolio Management (CPM)
• Focus on capability-based planning and management efforts to
  better enable strategic choice and improve ability to make capability
  tradeoffs
     Manage groups of like capabilities from across the enterprise to

    improve interoperability, minimize capability redundancies and gaps,
    and maximize capability effectiveness
     Integrate requirements/capabilities, acquisition and programmatics -

    across materiel and non-materiel (DOTMLPF)

• Objectives
    Balanced portfolio with optimum capability mix

    Streamlined, collaborative integrated process

    Framed choices for senior leader decision making

    Unified resource-informed strategic portfolio direction

    Ensure strategic direction is translated in budget process




    C2 Capability Portfolio Manager (CPM) – Commander USJFCOM

                                                                             30
                       JC2 Enterprise - Capability Mix
                                                                       Joint C2

                    Establish/Adapt       Employ Shared        Communicate         Operational      Synchronize            Monitor           Leverage
 Exercise
                 Command Structure &        Situational        Commander‟s          Planning         Execution            Execution,          Mission
Command
                 Enable both Global &     Awareness and          Intent &                              Across          Assess Effects &      Partners
Leadership
                 Regional Collaboration   Understanding         Guidance                            All Domains        Adapt Operations

                                                                      JC2 Enterprise
  Establish/          Organize Staff        Access/Share          Incorporate       Develop/                                Assess          Communicate
 Promulgate             to align w/       Info on Adversary/   Strategic Mission    Analyze/                             Compliance w/     MSN Objectives,
   ROE‟s                 Mission                Neutral/       & Guidance Into     Select COAs       Enable Self-         CDR‟s Intent         Rationale,
                                           Non-combatants       Commander‟s                         Synchronization                           intentions
Set Priorities         Refine JTF                                    Intent        Develop Joint/   of Subordinate                         & support/action
Guidance &           Component Org                                                   Coalition          Forces               Assess
 Standards             & Integrate                                                 Campaign Plan                         Achievement of
                      Capabilities         Access/Share        Conduct Mission                                           Planned Effects      Coordinate
                                             Blue Force           Analysis                               Synch                                 w/MSN
  Cultivate                                 Situational                            Develop Plans       Operations                          Partners to Gain
Relationships       Refine Command                                                  Across Full     w/MSN partners         ID/Assess         Actionable
                                            Awareness
   w/MSN             Relationships                                 Develop/           ROMO          & other agencies     Implications of    Commitment
  Partners                                                       Promulgate                                                Unplanned
                    Establish/Identify        Access/            Initial CDRs                           Synch                Effects
                     Collaboration           Integrate         Intent/Guidance      Assess Plan        Execution
                      Mechanisms           Geospatial Info     Update as Reqd      Effectiveness:   Between/Across      Adapt Operations
Manage Risk
                                                                                    Prepare for         Phases            To Changing
                                          Reach-back for                             Execution                             Situations
  Develop                                     SME               Direct Action                       Validate Targets
  Strategy                                                     Through Mission
                                                                 Type Orders                                               Determine
                                          Display tailored,                                                               Achievement
                                           Relevant SA                                                                     of Desired
                                                info                                                                       Objective,
                                              -UDOP-                                                                      End-State, or
                                                                                                                          Phase Points




       Cohesive joint integration throughout DOTMLPF-P
                                                                                                                                                              31
               JC2 CPM Mapping and Analysis                                                                                                 Policy

                                                                                                                                            Standards

                                                                                                                                            Policy
                                                                                                                Networks
                                                                                                                                            Standards
 Capabilities (JCAs)                                                                                            Applications
                                        Systems Functions                                                                                   Policy
         Tier I                         JBM CSFL                           JC2 *    Technical
                                                                                                                                            Standards
                                                                          Portfolio                             Databases
                                          Joint System                                                                                      Policy
                                                                          Systems
                                            Functions
                                                                          1. COCOMs                             Platforms                   Standards
                                                USN                       2. Services
                                                 USMC                                                                                       Policy
                                                                          3. PA&E
                                                  USA                                                           Accreditations
                                    SVC            USAF                   4. FITs
                                                                                                                                            Standards
                                    System          NCES                  5. Other
                                    Functions         Misc
                                                                                                                Standards                   Policy

                                                                                                                                            Standards
Joint Tasks                                                                                                     Architectures
                                                                                                                                            Policy
              UJTLs
              X.X                                                                                                                           Standards
                                         Operational                                                            Assessments
              X.X.X
                                Activities / Tasks / Sub-tasks                                                                              Policy
              X.X.X.X
              X.X.X.X.X                                                                  Operational             Fieldings
                                                                                                                                            Standards
                                 AUTLs, MCTL,
                                                                                                                Descriptions
                                 NTTL, AFTL              Service Tasks
                                                                                         Programmatic
          Where possible, use authoritative sources:
                                                                            *1. CENTCOM & JFCOM C2 BoB Sys / apps
                                                                                 (Other COCOM input required)                                 Leads to
                                                                    TOR      2. Services C2 Sys / apps (TBD with socialization)         interoperability and
                                                                             3. PA&E – functional C2 system extraction                    technical policy
                                                                             4. FIT Systems of interest for PR 09                           observations
                                                                             5. Others
                                                                             This portfolio will continue to evolve with CPM analysis                          32
                                                                                    and activities
             JC2 Capability to System Mapping

Capabilities (JCAs)              UJTLs                    Tasks           System Functions         Systems

         Tier I
                    21
                          8      X.X
                                 X.X.X
                                                           290
                                                     Operational
                                                                                 653
                                                                             Joint System
                                 X.X.X.X                                                         JC2 Portfolio
                                                      Activities
                                                        Operational            Functions
                                 X.X.X.X.X
                                                            Tasks
                         33       986                       Operational           USN
                                                                                   USMC
                                                               Subtasks
                                                                                    USA
                                                                                                PR 09 FIT interest  61
                                                                                     USAF
                                                                                      NCES
                                                                                                  Best of Breed     96
                                          AUTLs, MCTL, NTTL, AFTL                       Misc
                                                                                               PA&E Warehouse C2 33
                                          COCOM Issues
                                                                                               Leadership -directed 61

                                                                                               C2 functions mapped
                                                                                                                     ?


C2 JIC
                              CJCSM 3500.04C             CJCSM 3500.05A      JBM CSFL 0.4
                                                                                                 APOM 09 Focus
                                                                                                 POM 10 Focus
           C2 JCD
                                                                                                 Out-year Focus


                                                                                                                     33
                      Operation Planning Capability Mix Vignette
                                                                                                               JC2 CPM Next Steps
             Joint C2
                                                                                                  Harness C/S/A analytic expertise and historical
                                                                                                1
                                                                                                  knowledge to frame the issue(s)
     Monitor Execution, Assess                                                                    Conduct focus area assessment: Operational,
     Effects & Adapt Operations                   JTF HQ Baseline Arch                          2
                                                                                                  Programmatic & Technical
     Develop Plans Across Full                                                                  3 Access and collect data; ensure transparency
             ROMO                                            Node                                 Assess gaps and redundancies within a given
                                              Performs                                          4
                                                                                                  capability area; develop solution alternatives
                                            Joint Task                    System                  Propose recommendations to address operational
                                   Supports                                Uses                 5 needs of the Joint Commander
   Node
                                                  Activity        Sys Function
   Staff Supported
   CCDR
   J-1, J-2, J-3                                                                                                 Operation Planning
   J-5 OPG, J-6, JIACG        Activities
   J-4
   CJTF                          - Prepare Plans and Orders.
   J-5                           - Conduct vertical and horizontal parallel planning.       System
   J-5 Joint Planning Group      - Develop Staff Estimates.                                Functions
   JTF Collective Staff          - Develop Courses of Action.                                Generate Input to Mission
                                 - Develop Staff Estimates.                                                                      System
                                                                                             Plans
                                 - Analyze Course of Action.                                                                        Systems/
Joint Task                       - Compare Courses of Action.                                Simulate COAs
                                                                                                                                      Applications
                                 - Select/Modify a Course of Action.                         Prepare Deployment                     VTC
  OP 5.3.9 Prepare               - Review the applicable theater strategic concept           Estimates
                                                                                                                                    Collaborative Tool
  campaign or major              and                                                         Calculate probabilities for            C2PC
  operations and related           recommended COA.                                          potential actions                      GCCS-J
  plans and orders               - Develop planning considerations for logistics.            Allocate manage and                    JOPES
                                 - Prepare the theater OPLAN.                                collaborate                            GCCS-I3
  ST 5.3.4 Prepare and           - Modify and/or update the theater strategy.                Initiate collaboration                 GCSS
  coordinate theater             - Develop COAsfor the crisis situation with the                                                    CFAST
  strategy, campaign plans                                                                   Perform collaborations
                                   Secretary of Defense, allies and coalition partners,                                             MAT
  or operation plans, and          component commands, and combatant command                 Communicate Force                      STE/STU -III
  orders                           staff planners.                                           Information
                                 - Develop planning considerations for a campaign.
  ST 7.1.1 Provide               - Develop planning considerations for limited
  OPLANS for Mobilization          contingency operations, or stability operations, etc.
  and Deployment                 - Develop and review mobilization plans.                                             Due to space limitations not all
  Planning and Execution         - Develop and review deployment plans.                                               functions were listed.

                                                                                                                                                         34
                 Summary

Integrated Architectures must :
     be operationally relevant
     support the Commander
JFCOM has provided/is providing:
       •   JTF HQ baseline for Joint Integrated Arch
       •   JC2 Portfolio Manager C2 Best of Breed
       •   CENTCOM C2 Best of Breed
       •   Turnkey C2 – C2F JTF HQ Certification
       •   C-IED
       •   JCAS
       •   ACT – NATO
                                                       35
Back-up Slides




                 36
                           Architecture Products Supporting JC2 CPM


                           ID Purpose and scope                            4a. DOT_LPF
ID JC2                         of assessment
Focus areas                                                               Analysis (FSA)
                                                       ID analysis and
                                                       JT&A objectives
                                                                                      4b. SoSE
                                          3. Analyze JCF for                        Analysis (FSA)
       1. Baseline      2. JCF
                                               gaps and
        capability   development
                                               shortfalls                                       4c. JT&A
      information    & validation
                                              (FAA,FNA)                             OV-5
                                                                                    OV-2       Products
                                                                         OV-5       OV-3      from 1 – 3
          AV-1         AV-1                    AV-1                                             provide
                                                                         OV-2       OV-6C
          OV-1         OV-1                   OV-1                                             baseline.
                                                                         OV-3       OV-7
                       OV-5                   OV-5                       OV-4
                       OV-2                   OV-2                                   SV-2      Products
                                                                         OV-6C
                       OV-3                   OV-3                                   SV-3       from 4a
                                              OV-6C                      SV-1
                       SV-1                                                          SV-4        and 4b
                                              OV-7                       SV-2
                       SV-2                                                          SV-5       identify
                                               SV-1                      SV-3
                       SV-3                                                          SV-6      solutions
                                               SV-2                      SV-4
                       SV-4                                                          SV-7         and
                       SV-5                    SV-3                                  SV-8        define
                       SV-6                    SV-4                                  SV-9        MOEs
                                               SV-5                                 SV-10a        and
                                               SV-6                                 SV-10b     MOPs to
                                               SV-7                                 SV-10c        test
  20 Views – Not all required                 SV-11                                  SV-11      against.
                                                                                                         37
            Architecture Product Availability for JC2 CPM




X = required product
                                                            * Deployable C2 FIT
N = not required
C = Completed                                               (Recommended architecture
D = in development                                          products for all FITS)
R = recommended where applicable                                                   38
Architecture Building Blocks Inform DOTMLPF

                       D                           O                          T                                     M                                          L                          P                         F
              OV-2, OV-5, OV-4,          OV-4, OV-2                 OV-4, OV-2                 OV-5, OV-3, OV-2, OV-7, OV-6C                      OV-4, OV-2                    OV-4, OV-2, OV6c          OV-2
OV            OV-6C




OV Building   Op Nodes,                  Roles, Op Nodes            Roles (Billets)            Activities, Operational Nodes, IERs, IE, Logical   Roles, Nodes (Warfighter,     Roles, Billets            Op Nodes
              Activities, Roles, IERs,                                                         Schema, Sequence                                   Organization, Location)
Blocks
              IEs




                                         SV-1,2                     SV-2, SV-4, SV-3           SV-1, SV-2, SV-4, SV-3, SV-5, SV-6, SV-7,          SV-2, SV-4                                              SV-1, SV-2
SV                                                                                             SV-8, SV-9, SV-10a, SV-10b, SV-10c, SV-11




SV Building                              Systems, Sys Nodes         Systems, System            Systems, System Functions, System Nodes            System                                                  Sys Nodes (Facilities),
                                                                    Functions, Networks        (Facilities, Platforms), Networks, Data                                                                    Networks
Blocks                                                                                         Exchanges, Interfaces, Physical Schema




Outcomes      Doctrinal realignment      Organizational structure   Assessment /               Net-Centric Service Functions, Interface           Chain of command              Personnel Resource        Optimal alignment of
              to process, Process        analysis. System to task   Satisfaction of Training   definitions/Service granularity, MOEs, MOPs,       optimally organized in view   optimization, Personnel   Facilities to Operational
              optimization               optimization               Requirements               System to Systems String Definition, DES           of tasking and systems        rerourcing                Topology
                                                                                               Modeling




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      39
Department of Defense Architecture Framework -
              Architecture Views




                                                 40
DODAF - Architecture Views (cont)




                                    41
                             Summary
• Operational relevance using Joint Integrated Architectures
data developed from various sources in support of JC2 CPM
requires:

   • Governance
   • Configuration Management
   • Data taxonomy
   • Repeatability / Reusability
   • Joint Doctrine / Publications & other authorative data
   • Joint Manning Documents
   • UJTLs / Service Tasks / Master Training Guide
   • System requirements
   • JCIDS documents (JCD, ICD, CDD, CPD)
   • Lessons Learned / best practices
   • Program Managers directives

• Reusable architectural artifacts based on authorative data
sources
                                                               42

								
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