Hopelessness Helplessness

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Hopelessness Helplessness Powered By Docstoc
					Hopelessness
Helplessness



     Depression
Why do people get depressed?


   There is no single cause of
    depression.

   Many factors play a role in
    depression such as:
              Heredity
   Research has revealed that
    depression runs in families.

   Some people inherit genes that
    make it more likely for them to get
    depressed.
           Life Events

   For example: death of a close family
    member or friend. Grieving can go
    beyond normal grief and can
    sometimes lead to depression.
Family and Social Environment


   Negative, stressful, or unhappy
    family atmosphere can affect a teens
    self-esteem and lead to depression.
  Social Conditions
 Poverty


 Homelessness


 Community   violence
Undiagnosed Learning Disabilities



 Block   school success
     Substance Abuse
   Causes chemical changes in the brain
    that affect mood
   Alcohol and some other drugs are
    depressants
   Negative social and personal
    consequences of abuse can lead to
    severe unhappiness and depression
    Certain Medical Conditions


 Can affect hormone balance
  therefore have an effect on mood
 Hypothyroidism-can cause
  depression
 Depression usually disappears when
  condition is treated
What happens in the brain when
someone is depressed?

 Affects the brain’s delicate chemistry
  (specifically neurotransmitters)
 Neurotransmitters assist transmitting
  messages between nerve cells in the brain.
 Certain neurotransmitters regulate mood.
 When they are not available in
    sufficient quantities, the result can
    be depression
A person is probably depressed if

 They  have 5 or more of these
  symptoms
 For most of the time
 Or for 2 weeks or longer
Symptoms of Depression

   Depressed mood            Withdrawal from
    or sadness most            friends and family
    of the time.              Irritability, anger,
   Lack of energy or          or anxiety
    feeling tired all of      Inability to enjoy
    the time                   things that used to
   Inability to               bring pleasure
    concentrate
Symptoms continued

   Significant weight        Aches and pains
    loss or gain               for no apparent
   Significant change         reason
    in sleep patterns         Pessimism and
   Feelings of guilt or       indifference
    worthlessness             Thoughts of death
                               or suicide
Getting Help
1.   Prescription medicine
     It's important to know that it could take as
        many as 6 to 8 weeks for the full
        therapeutic effect to occur. It is important
        to give the medication a chance to work
        and to take it exactly as directed by your
        health care professional.
2. Psychotherapy

   Psychotherapy is known as "talk
    therapy," which research has shown
    can be very helpful for people with
    some forms of depression. Like all
    treatment options, psychotherapy can
    be used alone or in combination with
    medication or other treatments.
3. Healthy Living

   Maintain proper sleep hygiene
   Eat a well-balanced diet
   Manage anxiety
   Participate in an exercise program
   Set realistic goals for yourself
   Create small and manageable tasks
   Let others you can trust help you