LAM LAM Lactational Amenorrhoea Method About LAM: • “Lactational”—related to breastfeeding. “Amenorrhoea”—not having • A contraceptive method menstrual bleeding. based on breastfeeding • Using LAM means choosing to breastfeed in a way that prevents pregnancy. It works by stopping ovulation (see Appendices 4 & 5). • Giving baby ONLY breast milk (with little or no other food) gives • LAM means breastfeeding often, best protection from pregnancy and is best for the baby’s health. day and night, and giving baby • See page L3 for how to breastfeed for best protection. little or no other food • “How would breastfeeding your baby in this way suit you?” • If periods have not returned. • Very effective when used correctly. • Effective for 6 months after • But as commonly used it is less effective. giving birth • Healthiest way to feed most babies for first 6 months. Breast milk contains the exact nutrients the baby needs and helps protect the baby from infections. Breastfeeding benefits the mother’s health too. • Breast milk is best food for • Breastfeeding should be started within 1 hour after birth, and babies babies should be given no other food or drink until they are 6 months old. • Breast milk can be a major part of diet for 2 years or more. • No protection against STIs or • For woman’s STI/HIV/AIDS protection, also use condoms. HIV/AIDS • Breastfeeding can pass HIV from mother to baby. Next Move: you like to discuss LAM more, or LAM, you like to think about method?” “Would “Do you want to know more aboutwould or talk about a differentanother method?” To discuss LAM further, If client wants to know more about LAM, To discuss another method, go to a new To discuss another method, go to method tab to next page. gogo to nextpage. method tab or to Choosing Method tab. L1 1 When you can use LAM If breastfeeding now, can use LAM if: Baby is less than 6 months old AND Baby gets little or no food or drink except breast milk AND Menstrual periods have not come back But please tell me if: • Have AIDS? Or infected with HIV, the AIDS virus? LAM When you can use LAM • Breastfeeding women can start LAM any time if If breastfeeding now, can use LAM if: they meet all 3 conditions. • It is best for the baby to breastfeed for at least 2 years. Baby is less than 6 months old Once her baby is 6 months or older: AND • She should use another method of family planning. • If she continues to breastfeed, nonhormonal methods are Baby gets little or no food or drink best. She can also use progestogen-only methods (mini-pill, except breast milk long-acting injectable or implants). AND • Cannot use LAM if she has had 2 or more straight days of Menstrual periods have not come back menstrual bleeding. (Bleeding in first 8 weeks after childbirth does not count.) • HIV may be passed to the baby in breast milk. But please tell me if: • Where a safe replacement infant formula is available (either home-prepared or bought), a woman with HIV should not • Have AIDS? Or infected with HIV, the breastfeed and should use another family planning method. AIDS virus? • If no safe replacement infant formula is available, a woman with HIV should breastfeed exclusively. After 6 months, or if safe replacement food becomes available, she should stop breastfeeding. • See Special Needs tab (page SN1) for special advice for women with HIV/AIDS. Next Move: If client can no longer use LAM If client can start now or when she gives birth, or is unable to use LAM, go to instructions on next page. help her choose another method. L2 How to use LAM • Can start LAM as soon as baby is born • Breastfeed often What to do after LAM: • Start giving baby other foods when he/she is 6 months old, but continue to breastfeed • Start another method at the right time Are you ready to choose this method? Anything else I can repeat or explain? Any other questions? LAM How to use LAM • After childbirth, start breastfeeding as soon as possible, for • Can start LAM as soon as baby’s health and best protection from pregnancy. baby is born • She should breastfeed whenever the baby is hungry, both day and night. • If feedings become more than 4 hours apart in the day, or more • Breastfeed often than 6 hours apart at night, she should consider another method of family planning. • She should keep breastfeeding even if she or the baby is sick. • “Are you ready to keep up this pattern of breastfeeding?” What to do after LAM: • Advise on breastfeeding technique and diet. • Start giving baby other foods • When additional foods are introduced, she should breastfeed before each feeding of other food or drink. when he/she is 6 months old, but continue to breastfeed • When her menstrual periods return (bleeding in first 8 weeks after childbirth not included) • OR when she stops fully or nearly fully breastfeeding (baby takes other foods/liquids regularly) • Start another method at the right • OR when baby is 6 months old (about time child starts sitting up) time • OR when she no longer wants to use LAM (whichever comes first). • Offer supplies now, such as condoms, that she can start using when needed. Last Moves: “Do you feel confident you can use this method successfully? Do you need any more advice on breastfeeding?” Remember to offer condoms for dual protection and/or back-up! Last, most important message: “Come back for another method when the baby is 6 months old, or your periods return, or the baby starts taking other food.” L3 Fertility Awareness-Based Methods • Learn on which days of the menstrual cycle you can get pregnant • To prevent pregnancy, you and your partner either avoid sex OR use a condom on fertile days • Can be effective if used correctly • No side-effects • Does not protect against STIs or HIV/AIDS Do you want to know more about these methods, or talk about a different method?