activities by shuifanglj


									                      Aquarium Exploration
Pond Habitat Model
Students can also make their own individual pond cross-section models. Cut
paper bowls in half and give one half to each student. Students can cover the
bottom of the pond with natural, self-drying clay. Then students create all sorts
of pond organisms like fish, turtles, plants and insects out of colored clay, paper,
beads, and pipe cleaners. To add the surface of the water, stretch a piece of
blue or green plastic wrap over the top and tape it to the sides of the bowl.

Cover the edge of the plastic with colored clay. Note: Wait until after the plastic
has been added to add plants and animals to the edge of the pond.

Gyotaku: Japanese Fish Printing
  (Pronounced ghio-ta’-koo) is the Japanese art of fish printing. It is an
  excellent interdisciplinary marine education activity. Complete directions are
  included at the end of the document.

Ocean/Pond Cross-Section
  Draw a cross-sectional view of the ocean or a pond on a large piece of paper
  and introduce the idea that different living things have different adaptations
  that allow them to live in different places in and around the ocean/pond. Ask
  students to research a living thing that lives in or at the edge of the ocean or a
  pond. Encourage students to focus on different areas or levels of the aquatic
  habitat, so that organisms from the edges, the surface and the deepest
  depths of the water are represented. You may want to create a list of
  organisms for students to choose from to facilitate this. Students draw and
  color a picture of their organism. They should be able to name it, tell what part
  of the water it lives in, and what adaptations it has that helps it to live there.
  Ask students, one-at-a- time, to tape the picture of their organisms onto the
  ocean/pond cross-section chart in the appropriate place and then to share
  their findings with the rest of the group.

Aquarium Math
  Give each student a blank piece of paper and ask them to draw their own fish
  tank. Once they have drawn the tank, give them time to draw the contents of
  the tank, and ask them to label all of the parts of their picture (good diagram-
  labeling practice). When students have finished their tanks, ask them to
  answer some math questions about their tank. Suggested math questions
  are included at the end of the document.

Word Searches and Crossword Puzzles
  Provide students with an assortment of challenging puzzles with the help of
  Puzzlemaker (

  Encourage students to draw a fish with an unusual adaptation à la science
  fiction (ex. a cell phone embedded in it’s body for communicating with other
  fish) Have students explain how this would help the fish to survive. Would this
  type of adaptation actually be possible or likely? What real adaptations do
  fish have that help them to do the same thing?

Assessment: Make a K-W-L goal sheet
   What I Know about Fish. What I Want to Learn about Fish. What I
   Learned about Fish. Pre-visit, have the students compile ideas for the first
   two columns of their chart. Post-visit, ask the students to share what they
   have now learned and have them record their new information. As a group
   create a graph representing the three columns.

Fish Autobiography
   Choose a fish you have learned about. Write a story or a series of "diary
   entries" as if you were that fish. Describe your life and your habitat. Try to
   imagine a fish adventure and write it convincingly.

                      Aquarium Exploration
                 Gyotaku: Japanese Fish Printing

The art of gyotaku (Pronounced ghio-ta’-koo) has been used in Japan for more
than a century to record catches of sportfish. The Japanese fish printing
technique has provided information in ichthyological studies. This activity is
provided courtesy of the Marine Science Center in Newport, Oregon.

• Water-soluble block printing ink (easiest to work with because it does not
  run and dries slowly), textile silk-screening ink, India ink, or tempera. Dark
  colors give the best effect.

•   Rice paper, newsprint, or other moisture tolerant paper. Printing on the
    classified ads can be aesthetically pleasing.

•   A fresh, flat fish with scales intact (flounder,bluegill,carp or rockfish work
    well). Plastic fish can also be purchased for this purpose from a variety of
    natural science and arts & crafts supply catalogs like Nasco).

•   Paint brushes

•   Newspaper

•   Modeling clay

•   Straight pins

•   Paper towels

Students will:
• Be able to use art materials to show pattern, symmetry and morphology of

•   Note characteristics that all fish possess (fins, gills and most often scales).

•   Understand the process of print making.

•   Understand and appreciate the diversity and beauty of marine life.


1 Prepare the fish by washing it well with biodegradable, non-toxic soap; to get
  a good print, you need to remove all of the dirt, grit, blood and protective
  slime. In traditional gyotaku the fish is printed whole and intact, but using a
  cleaned fish stuffed with paper towels also yields good results.

2 Rinse the fish and pat it dry with some paper toweling. Cover a table with
  several layers of newspaper and lay the fish down on the paper. Place pieces
  of modeling clay under the tail and fins to raise them up, making them level
  with the body. (If you neglect this step, your print will reveal a strange finless

3 Place pieces of paper towel into the nostrils, gill slits and anus to prevent any
  liquid from leaking out onto your fabric, then arrange the fish as you want it to
  appear in the print. You can spread out the fins or shape the mouth as you
  like. Secure the position with pins stuck through the clay. Let the fish dry, then
  remove the pins; the fins will stay fanned out.

4 To make your gyotaku, slide pieces of paper towel under the fins and tail to
  cover the clay. Brush a thin coat of ink onto the fish from head to tail in one
  direction. Be sure to cover all the fins, the lips and the gill cover, but leave the
  eyes unpainted.

5 Remove the pieces of paper towel from under the fins and tail. With clean
  hands, carefully lay your rice paper or newsprint on top of the fish. Beginning
  at the head and moving down to the tail, rub your fingers flat over the surface
  of the fish, being careful not to fold or move the fabric. Any part you don't
  touch will be left out of the print.

6 Gently lift the paper off the fish and set it aside to dry. When the ink has dried,
  you can use a very small brush to paint an eye in the "eye spot." Try placing a
  small white dot in the eye to make it look like a real fish eye.

7 Re-ink your fish and print again; you can print all day, if you can stand the
  smell! If you used non-toxic ink and made only a few prints, you can still eat
  your fish -- wash it well, fillet it and cook it up.

                      Aquarium Exploration
                        Pre & Post Visit Activity
                           Aquarium Math Activity

Name __________________________________________

1. What is the length of your tank (in inches)?

2. What is the height of your tank (in inches)?

3. Find the perimeter of the front side of your tank (in inches).

4. Find the area of the front of the tank (in square inches).

5. If you picked one item (including fish, other animals, and plants) out of the
   tank with your eyes closed, what is the probability that it would be a fish?

6. Fish prices at the pet store are $1.00 for each fish that is less than 2 inches
   long (from the mouth to the tail) and $2.50 for each fish that is more than 2
   inches long. All animals that are not fish cost $3.00 each, and plants cost
   $1.50 each. How much would all the living things in your fish tank cost?


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