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Shakespeare “The Bard of Avon” TIMELINE BIOGRAPHY Born April 23 1564 at Stratford-upon-Avon Lived and went to school there until the age of thirteen (no evidence that he went to university) 1581 At 18, he married Anne Hathaway. 1582 Their daughter, Susanna is born. 1585 Twins, Judith and Hamnet are born. TIMELINE BIOGRAPHY 1585 Left for London with a traveling performance company. 1589 Began writing his own plays 1592 Was well-known as an actor, and his plays were sponsored by the Earl of Southampton. 1594 Formed the “Lord Chamberlain‟s Men” (theatre company) TIMELINE BIOGRAPHY 1596 Hamnet dies 1597 Buys „New Place‟ for his family 1599 Becomes a shareholder in The Globe theatre 1603 Becomes part of “The Kings Men” theatre company under King James I 1608 Takes over and becomes a shareholder in The Blackfriars Theatre. TIMELINE BIOGRAPHY 1610 Shakespeare returns home to Stratford-upon- Avon to live out his final years with his family. 1613 The Globe Theatre burns down 1614 The Globe Theatre is re-built 1616 Shakespeare dies on his 52nd birthday. 1623 First collected edition of plays published. COMEDIES All’s Well That Ends Well Cymbeline As You Like It Pericles The Comedy of Errors The Winter’s Tale Love’s Labour’s Lost The Two Gentlemen of Verona Measure for Measure Twelfth Night The Merry Wives of Windsor Troilus and Cressida The Merchant of Venice The Tempest A Midsummer Night’s Dream The Taming of the Shrew Much Ado About Nothing TRAGEDIES Antony and Cleopatra Coriolanus Hamlet Julius Caesar King Lear Macbeth Othello Romeo and Juliet Timon of Athens Titus Andronicus HISTORIES Henry IV, Part I Henry VI, Part III Henry IV, Part 2 Henry VIII Henry V King John Henry VI, Part I Richard II Henry VI, Part II Richard III PLAY STRUCTURE ACT ONE The conflict of the characters is established and the audience „takes sides‟. The rationale and emotional background of the coming action is given to the audience. PLAY STRUCTURE ACT TWO The suspense is built, usually the “good guys” and the “bad guys” make preliminary moves against each other. PLAY STRUCTURE ACT THREE Things look like the “bay guys” are going to win. This gets the audience more involved - they want to know what happens! PLAY STRUCTURE ACT FOUR The “good guys” get better and begin to close the gap with the “bad guys”. The audience is ready for the final victory - but we do not reach it in this act. PLAY STRUCTURE ACT FIVE The conclusion - the final battle, the “good guys” win. There could be a twist or turn that is unexpected but generally, a win is inevitable. Usually this act is much shorter than the others. In tragedies, some (or many) of the characters are dead. In comedies, all is resolved happily. „THEE‟ and „THOU‟ The language is at least 400 years old. It is written for an audience for whom this language was normal.
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