“The Bard of Avon”
Born April 23 1564 at Stratford-upon-Avon
Lived and went to school there until the age
of thirteen (no evidence that he went to
1581 At 18, he married Anne Hathaway.
1582 Their daughter, Susanna is born.
1585 Twins, Judith and Hamnet are born.
1585 Left for London with a traveling
1589 Began writing his own plays
1592 Was well-known as an actor, and his
plays were sponsored by the Earl of
1594 Formed the “Lord Chamberlain‟s
Men” (theatre company)
1596 Hamnet dies
1597 Buys „New Place‟ for his family
1599 Becomes a shareholder in The Globe
1603 Becomes part of “The Kings Men”
theatre company under King James I
1608 Takes over and becomes a shareholder
in The Blackfriars Theatre.
1610 Shakespeare returns home to Stratford-upon-
Avon to live out his final years with his family.
1613 The Globe Theatre burns down
1614 The Globe Theatre is re-built
1616 Shakespeare dies on his 52nd birthday.
1623 First collected edition of plays published.
All’s Well That Ends Well Cymbeline
As You Like It Pericles
The Comedy of Errors The Winter’s Tale
Love’s Labour’s Lost The Two Gentlemen of Verona
Measure for Measure Twelfth Night
The Merry Wives of Windsor Troilus and Cressida
The Merchant of Venice The Tempest
A Midsummer Night’s Dream The Taming of the Shrew
Much Ado About Nothing
Antony and Cleopatra Coriolanus
Hamlet Julius Caesar
King Lear Macbeth
Othello Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens Titus Andronicus
Henry IV, Part I Henry VI, Part III
Henry IV, Part 2 Henry VIII
Henry V King John
Henry VI, Part I Richard II
Henry VI, Part II Richard III
The conflict of the characters is established
and the audience „takes sides‟. The rationale
and emotional background of the coming
action is given to the audience.
The suspense is built, usually the “good guys”
and the “bad guys” make preliminary
moves against each other.
Things look like the “bay guys” are going to
win. This gets the audience more involved -
they want to know what happens!
The “good guys” get better and begin to close
the gap with the “bad guys”. The audience
is ready for the final victory - but we do not
reach it in this act.
The conclusion - the final battle, the “good guys”
win. There could be a twist or turn that is
unexpected but generally, a win is inevitable.
Usually this act is much shorter than the others.
In tragedies, some (or many) of the characters are
In comedies, all is resolved happily.
„THEE‟ and „THOU‟
The language is at least 400 years old.
It is written for an audience for whom this language was