Learning Center
Plans & pricing Sign in
Sign Out

IdlingWebinarJuly Get Free Blog Here


									                                   Welcome to Fireside Chats
                The Council of Canadians, Canadians for Action on Climate Change
                    and CHNET-Works! are collaborating on this Fireside Chat:
                                      Gasping for Breath –
                    Implementing Strong Anti-Idling Bylaws in Your Community
                              July 9, 2009 1:00 – 2:30 PM Eastern Time
Advisors on Tap:
Cory Morningstar, Canadians for Action on Climate Change, President Council of Canadians - London
Chapter, Chair of the Advisory Committee on the Environment to the City of London.
Gordon McBean, Professor in the Departments of Geography and Political Science and holds the
Research Chair in policy at the Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction, University of Western Ontario,
Quentin Chiotti, Climate Change Programme Director, Pollution Probe
Fleur Storace-Hogan, Sustainability Support Technician, City of Burlington

With thanks to: John Howard, MD, FRCPC, Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Chair - Canadian
Association of Physicians for the Environment
                       CHNET-Works! Animateur: Dot Bonnenfant
                  Community Health Research Unit, University of Ottawa
CHNET-Works hosts weekly Fireside Chats to share information and support discussions around
                            pressing community health issues
                *6 to mute/unmute
                If your line is „bad‟ – hang up and call back in
                Do not put us on hold
                Recording Notice

Visual Presentation: from our computer to yours.....
            Via Bridgit software
            There may be a few seconds delay in transmission
            If difficulties: use the back up PowerPoint
      •   Sign in and tech help prior to the „chat‟...
      •   Welcome, Housekeeping and Introductions
      •   Presentation and Discussions
      •   Closure
                    Today’s ‘chat’...
This Fireside Chat will shed light on the issue of anti-idling bylaws,
• Some Background: Tipping points (Cory Morningstar)
• Concerns about climate change role of Canada contributing to
  Climate Change, hot days + pollution = smog days = health
  concerns (Gordon McBean)
• Idling, pollution and climate change; the costs of idling: our
  health and the economy (Quentin Chiotti)
• Notes re: Recommendations per Natural Resources Canada
• Anti-idling Bylaws
   – City of Burlington anti-idling bylaw: history, process and
     results since 1999 (Fleur)
   – City of London anti-idling bylaw (Cory Morningstar)
• Drive throughs (Cory Morningstar)
   – the industry‟s response
   – Utah Physicians for the Environment suggestions
Discussion: What would you like to see happen in your
   community, related industry, nationally re: anti-idling, drive-
                  Advisors on Tap
• Cory Morningstar, Canadians for Action on Climate Change,
  President Council of Canadians- London Chapter, Chair of the
  advisory committee on the environment to the City of London.
• Gordon McBean, Professor in the Departments of Geography and
  Political Science and holds the Research Chair in policy at the
  Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction, at The University of
  Western Ontario,
• Quentin Chiotti, Climate Change Programme Director, Pollution
• Fleur Storace-Hogan, Sustainability Support Technician, City of

• With thanks to: John Howard, MD, FRCPC, Professor of Medicine
  and Pediatrics, Chair, Canadian Association of Physicians for the
“Climate policy is characterized by the habituation
  of low expectations and a culture of failure.
  There is an urgent need to understand global
  warming and the tipping points for dangerous
  impacts that we have already crossed as a
  sustainability emergency that takes us beyond
  the politics of failure-inducing compromise.
We are now in a race between climate tipping
  points and political tipping points.”

Climate Code Red, Australia
David Spratt, Philip Sutton
Published July, 2008
            Exhaust Pipe vs. Smoking: Which Causes More Harm?
Toronto’s medical officer released a report stating a 30% reduction in vehicle
emissions could save 200 lives, one billion dollars a year in health care costs
      and 68,000 asthma attacks for children a year in Toronto alone.
 OMA estimates for annual premature deaths (2130 people) due to smog in
  Toronto alone were almost three times the number of deaths (831people)
 Health Canada attributes to secondhand smoke exposure for the whole of
  One must wonder why there is such apathy towards these numbers when
                pollution is something we can clearly defeat.
              Canadians for Action on Climate Change
  Government’s key role is to serve as the trustee of the commonwealth and
        the common health for this and future generations. Yet …
  Canada now stands out as one of the last major industrialized countries
  opposed to targets for deep reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and
  one of the biggest blockers of climate change negotiations.
  Canadians for Action on Climate Change is a developing non-profit NGO
  of activists, academia, physicians and citizens focusing on climate
  change, true cost economy and relocalization. Our organization seeks to
  provide news, reports and analysis to inform, educate and develop
  environmental policies for all levels of government in Canada. We are
  committed to being part of an international movement against destruction
  of our shared environment. Our current economy is unsustainable and an
  unethical catalyst to ever increasing global warming. This model assumes
  endless growth and limitless potential wealth that completely disregards
  the fact that the earth’s life support capacity is finite. We respect the
  integrity, resilience, and beauty of the common wealth of all life as the
  foundation for a new sustainable economic model for our finite planet that
  will benefit generations to come.

Contact us at
Canada and the US together represent less than 5 percent of humanity
   yet consume over one-quarter of the world’s oil, and contribute to
    more than one-quarter of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.
   Carbon is the most significant greenhouse gas, and Canada’s per
     capita carbon footprint is more than twice that of the average
   European, roughly five times the world average, and more than 20
               times that of many developing countries.
       Emissions from an individual idling a car in an average size
    municipality such as London will emit nearly the same amount of
   emissions volume as the total annual emissions from an individual in

Canadians must urgently face up to our grossly outsized and destructive
         carbon footprint, and changes need to start somewhere.
  Idling and drive-thrus are simply luxury items we can live without. The
                       low hanging fruits so to speak.
Whether in blissful ignorance or conscious disregard, to continue to act
   like we are simply entitled to more – and more urban sprawl, more
      cars, more oil, and more greenhouse emissions – constitutes a
    planetary arrogance of frightening proportions. Idling bylaws and
    moratoriums on new drive-thrus would represent an important first
    step towards a new vision of denser, less resource intensive cities,
  and one which is ultimately more in step with our responsibilities as
                              global citizens.
    Our shared environment is neither a ‘left’ nor a ‘right’ issue. It is not a
     partisan issue. We all breathe the same air. We all share one finite
In the past 15 years alone, there has been a fourfold increase in asthma in children under 15
      in Canada. Children are the most vulnerable breathing 50% more air per pound than
    adults. In 1999 we had 3 smog days. In recent years we’ve had as many as 56. Vehicles
        are a primary source of toxic emissions such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide,
     particulates and benzene (a carcinogen). In recent published findings of ‘Air Releases of
     Carcinogens by Province’, Ontario ranks the highest in Canada - at an unbelievable 38.
     18 %. The second highest is Alberta - less than half at 17.81%. Newfoundland and PEI are
       less than 1%. We are now at a crossroads. Some citizens have such a deep sense of
     entitlement that they actually fight for their ‘right’ to harm our shared environment. Such
         individuals are so disconnected from nature that they do not understand that their
     perceived ‘right’ to pollute and degrade our shared environment is at the expense of not
      only their own health, but the health and welfare of their own children and the people
    they love. Such perceived ‘rights’ and senses of entitlement are the root cause of climate
                          change which now kills 300,000 people per year.

                           Barriers Experienced in London, Ontario
 -Citizens Entitlement | ’Choice’ to harm our shared environment at the expense of others
 -Apathy - Severe lack of understanding on the severity of the climate change crisis not to
                     mention lack of knowledge RE: health crisis and peak oil
                    -MSM (Main Stream Media) suppressing relevant issues
                 -Lack of political will | Lack of knowledge among politicians
 April 2009: CO2 hits 800,000-year high at Mauna
Loa Observatory Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii
(USA) Atmospheric CO2 reached 389.47 parts per
     June 10th, 2009 – co2 went up again.
              It is now at 390.18
  It‟s us, the one billion affluent people of the
     world whose footprints are crushing the
 planet. Surely we can all agree this is grossly
unethical. Climate change today accounts for
over 300,000 deaths throughout the world each
We are in a world wide public health crisis epidemic
           as a direct result of air pollution.

 A new advocacy and public health movement is
  needed urgently to bring together governments,
     international agencies, non-governmental
      organizations (NGOs), com-munities, and
    academics from all disciplines to adapt to the
        effects of climate change on health.

 Any adaptation should sit alongside the need for
  primary mitigation: reduction in greenhouse gas
  emissions - Lancet and University College London
       Institute for Global Health Commission.
  -Replace reading material in health sector waiting rooms with
    relevant and intelligent reading material. Contact us for a list
                       of suggested subscriptions.
-Replace television shows in waiting rooms with documentaries.
 -Co2 widgets for health sectors, schools, organizations. 350 is a
                     number people need to know.
    -Think of idling as a starting point for behavioural changes.
        Empower people to be part of the movement. Involve
                  schools. Children influence parents.
     -Assign trees for shade in parking lots and pick up spots.
        -Assign volunteers to hand out leaflets on blitz days.
                        -Post anti-idling signs.
          -Ask your physician, organization to join CAPE.
   -Ecoliteracy courses for staff, politicians, those in leadership
             Knowledge is a weapon – Arm the masses
               The Role of Cities

  The battle against climate change will be
  won or lost in cities.
The role of provincial and federal
  governments is widely debated, analyzed
  and understood.
Yet the challenge is so huge that cross-cutting
  action at all levels will be needed. The
  central role of city leaders in our rapidly
  urbanizing world will be key to reducing the
  world‟s greenhouse gas emissions.
The leaders of large cities have a particular
  responsibility to act, and governments must
  empower and enable city governments to
  take on this role.
            The Role of Cities
If global efforts to address climate change are
   to be successful, they will need to integrate
   city requirements and environmental
   management capacities.
Only with a coordinated approach and
   actions at the global, regional, national and
   local levels can success be achieved.

Many cities are now taking the initiative to
 reduce their impact on the global climate.
                  The Role of Cities
By 2030, two-thirds of humanity will live in cities or urban areas.
   Half already do.
Cities consume 75 per cent of the world’s energy and are
   responsible for 80 per cent of carbon dioxide emissions.
   Moreover, all cities are highly vulnerable to the impacts of
   climate change, and none more so than fast growing cities in
   developing countries.
About 20 of the 30 largest cities of the world are situated on low
  lying coasts.
Rising sea levels of a few metres would have catastrophic
   implications. So there’s an extraordinary responsibility and
   motivation for cities to act.

It is at city level that innovation and progress
   on climate change action is most likely to
   be achieved.
                 60% of $129 billion per year industry
                takes place at the drive-thru window.
                  Welcome to the Denialism Industry

“manufacturing scientific uncertainty” strategy:
industries invest in public relations campaign to raise doubts about
    increasingly definitive scientific evidence.
    Argue about the science = stop municipalities from trying to
    address the problem?
If the new „science‟ purchased by industry doesn‟t work....
    „choice‟ : whatever the risk to society, it the citizens right to do so.
    This is another example of product defense.
    Similarities? Tobacco, oil and climate change?
Corporate spin experts recognize that manufacturing doubt works.
    Results: stop or slow government legislation for years.

This is a growing trend that disingenuously demands proof over
   precaution in the realm of public health.
   Drive Thru Resources:
   Drive-thrus – Think the impact is insignificant? Think again.
calculations provided in this study, national average of 3.84
  seconds to produce a very conservative number for the total
   number of emissions, etc. produced in London drive-thrus.
(idling times in line with Tim Horton‟s own study: 3-4.5 minutes)
   London has 156 drive-thrus –(145 used to keep results conservative).

     City of London results:
    Idling time: 108, 795, 760 minutes.
    Fuel Wasted: 2, 175, 925 litres of fuel wasted.
    Emissions: 590 tons of carbon dioxide & other pollutants.
    To offset this amount of pollutants in one year we would need to
    plant 29,220 trees.
    Fuel wasted – enough for an average car to circle the globe 425
This is ONLY London based on only 145 drive-thrus. Imagine the result
    from all cities in Ontario, in Canada, in North America, in the world.

   For more info.
     Children are the most vulnerable in our society. It is the
  responsibility of every adult citizen on our global planet to take
   every precaution to protect our children and mitigate against
     climate change. Just as all children must have the right to
  clean drinking water, all children must have the right to breathe
                               clean air.

 -A child‟s breathing zone is lower than adults so they are more
     exposed to vehicle exhausts and heavier pollutants that
                concentrate at lower levels in the air.

  -Children are the most vulnerable breathing 50% more air per
                        pound than adults.

-The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that the number
   of children dying from asthma each year could increase by 20
      per cent by 2016 if urgent action was not taken to reduce
                emissions from vehicles and factories.
Idling is systemic of a much bigger problem.
That of a car culture phenomenon, a culture of self entitlement and
our „choice‟ to destroy our shared environment. Our shared natural
environment has become a toxic dumping ground. We believe that
in the western world the root cause of this crisis is the fact the majority
of citizens have completely lost their connection with the natural
world. We need to reverse this.
We are paying the highest price…
Today we are living in what scientists call „the sixth extinction‟. The
fastest die off of species the Earth has ever seen. The biodiversity crisis
is due to the destruction of ecosystems, the overexploitation of
species and natural resources, overpopulation, the spread of
agriculture and livestock, and pollution - all contributing to ever
accelerating global warming caused by humans.

We are conducting a vast toxicological experiment in which our
children and our children's children are the experimental subjects…
CBC Video Now Online | The Disappearing Male -
                   Doc Zone | CBC-TV

 The Disappearing Male is about one of the most important, and least
 publicized, issues facing the human species: the toxic threat to the
 male reproductive system.
 The last few decades have seen steady and dramatic increases in
 the incidence of boys and young men suffering from genital
 deformities, low sperm count, sperm abnormalities and testicular
 cancer. Some researchers say that declining male fertility rates could
 be the first sign of extinction.

   Drive Thru Resources:

   World News on Pollution & Climate Change:


   Redesigning the Way We Think & Live:

for Inspiration:
    Essential Reading: Paul Hawken: You are Brilliant & the Earth is Hiring:
     Gordon McBean
• Concerns about climate change
  role of Canada contributing to
  Climate Change,
hot days+pollution=smog days
= health concerns
                                                                     *A hot day is defined as a
                                                                        day with a maximum
                                                                      temperature above 30C

                                                          37                        68
                                  8          22



Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis
Centre canadien de la modélisation et de l‟analyse climatique
             No Breathing Room
    National Illness Costs of Air Pollution
Canadian Medical Association (CMA) August 2008
1. In 2008, 21,000 Canadians will die from the effects of
   air pollution.
2. By 2031, almost 90,000 people will have died from the
   acute effects of air pollution. The number of deaths
   due to long-term exposure to air pollution will be
   710,000. …
10. 11. In 2008, economic costs of air pollution will top $8
   billion. By 2031, these costs will have accumulated to
   over $250 billion.

The processes that result in air pollution are much the
  same as those that produce greenhouse gases.
And more hot days will result in more smog days – for the
  same emissions
                              • Projections - intense rainfall
                                events, heat waves and smog
                                episodes are likely to become
                                more frequent.
                              • Heat-related mortality could
                                more than double in southern
                                and central Ontario by the
                                2050s, while air pollution
                                mortality could increase about
                                15 to 25% during the same
                              • The health of Ontario
From Impacts to Adaptation:     residents has been at risk …
       Canada in a              extreme weather, heat waves,
  Changing Climate 2007         smog episodes and ecological
                                changes that support the
                                spread of vector-borne
                              • Walkerton, Ontario
       Canada’s Emissions to 2007

Energy 81%

             33.8% above Kyoto
             Target                 Kyoto Target
Canadian Emissions by Sector

                     All others

                       Road Tran.


          By Province/Territory

              Ontario   GHG Emissions- tonne/person
                 2006   US     = 20
                        Canada = 20
                        Germany,Japan,UK = 9.8
                        China = 2.6
                        India = 1
Change in GHG Emissions
    Relative to 1990
      Australia +25%

  Canada +25%

    United States +16%

     Japan +6%

   EU -1.5%
    Sweden -7.3%

      UK -15%
       Germany -18%
      Quentin Chiotti
• Idling, pollution and climate
• the costs of idling: our health
  and the economy
• ….
        (Notes from NRCanada)
           Why do we idle?
• warming up or cooling down a vehicle in the
  winter and summer.
• waiting for passengers
• stopping at railway crossings
• waiting to park
• running quick errands
• sitting in drive-through lanes
• waiting to refuel or to have the car washed
• stopping to talk to an acquaintance or friend
• preparing to leave the house
                   Calculations per
                 a Canadian survey:
In the peak of winter‚ many Canadians idle their vehicles
   for about eight minutes a day….
    – Totals more than 75 million minutes of idling a day.
    – Uses over 2.2 million litres of fuel
    – Creates over five million kilograms of greenhouse gases (GHGs)

= Amount of fuel required to drive:
    – Over 1100 vehicles for a year
    – to idle one vehicle for 144 years!

          Concerns about Idling
• Heart and Stroke Position Statement:

• Short and long term exposure to air pollution are estimated to
  result in 21,000 premature deaths in Canada in 2008 as well as
  620,000 doctor visits, 30,000 emergency department visits,
  11,000 hospital admissions and an annual economic impact of
  over $8 billion

• A Heart and Stroke Foundation survey in 2008 found that only
  13% of Canadians are aware of the links between air pollution
  and cardiovascular disease7.
        Effects of Idling…..
• Effect of pollutants from vehicle
  emissions on Health and the
Pollutant          Characteristic           Sources                 General Health          General
                                                                    Effects                 Ecological Effects
Nitrogen Dioxide   Gas with a pungent       Automobiles,            Increasing              Leads to acid
(NO2)              and irritating odor      thermal power           sensitivity for         deposition, adverse
                                            plants, incineration,   people with asthma      effect on vegetation
                                            etc. Natural            and bronchitis
                                            sources include
                                            lightning and soil
Carbon             Colorless, odorless,     Major source is         Impairment of
Monoxide (CO)      tasteless and            transportation          visual perception,
                   poisonous gas.           sector; i.e. road       work capacity,
                                            vehicles, aircraft      learning ability and
                                            and railways.           performance of
                                                                    complex tasks
Total suspended    Particles of solid or    Industrial              The smaller the         Damage to
particles (TSP)    liquid matter that       processes               particle the greater    vegetation,
                   stay suspended in        including               the effect on health.   deterioration in
                   the air in the form of   combustion,             Significant effects     visibility and
                   dust, mist, smoke,       incineration,           for people with lung    contamination of
                   fume, soot etc. Size     construction, metal     disease, asthma         soil.
                   range 0.1 – 100          smelting etc. Also      and bronchitis.
                   microns                  motor vehicle           See PM10 below.
                                            exhaust and road
                                            dust Natural
                                            sources such as
                                            Forest fires, ocean
                                            spray and volcanic
Pollutant          Characteristic         Sources               General Health         General
                                                                Effects                Ecological
Inhalable          Same as TSP,           Same as TSP           Increased hospital     Same as TSP
Particles (PM10)   except size range                            admissions and
                   of particles is less                         premature deaths
                   than 10 microns.

Ozone (O3          A colorless gas        Ozone is not          Irritation of the      Damage to
                   with a strong          emitted directly      lungs and difficulty   agricultural crops,
                   smell. Major           into the              in breathing.          ornamentals,
                   component of           atmosphere. It is     Exposure to high       forests and natural
                   summer smog.           produced by           concentrations can     vegetation
                                          photochemical         result in chest
                                          action on nitrogen    lightness,
                                          oxides and volatile   coughing and
                                          organic               wheezing.
Tools to enforce by-law 71-2004
 • Letter
 • Informational ‘Ticket’
 • Patrol specific areas when complaints
 • Part 1 Fine
   – Part 1 fine approved = $150 + $5 court
     costs + $25 victim surcharge ($180 total
 • One charge (a summons) laid by Halton
   Police in March 2008.
Enforcement of bylaw 27-2009
• Officers will issue a fine if necessary
  (i.e. for unattended idling vehicles).
• If someone is present in a vehicle, the
  officer will advise them of the bylaw
  and give them a warning and
  information (bookmark).
• If the driver does not turn off the
  vehicle, a Part 2 fine will be issued –
  just like a parking ticket (issued to the
  owner of the vehicle).
• New $10,000 budget
  – New stand alone display, updated bookmarks,
    bumper stickers for city vehicles, updated outdoor
    metal signs, advertising (Burlington Post), read-o-
    graph signs
• Free
  – Ongoing use of outdoor banners (i.e. schools and
    municipal facilities), media releases (article front
    page of Burlington Post), city website, City Talk
    (residential newsletter), Focus (staff newsletter),
    quarterly update to Council, presentations, etc.
 Idling Gets You
Turn Your Engines
While You Wait!!!
   Online documents
• City of Burlington Idling Page
• COB Idling Reports to Council
• COB Idling Report (re Bylaw 27-2009)

• COB Bylaw 27-2009
Contact information

• Fleur Storace-Hogan
• 905-335-7600 x7580
         Anti-Idling Bylaw
• City of London
• Case study on line:
1999 – Anti-idling bylaw
  SMOG DAYS: 3 per year
  Idling time: 5 minutes
  Fine: $130 tickets
   Enforcement: part time Public Health Unit Staff
  (tickets rarely issued)
        temperatures above 27 C or below 5 C
        passengers have health issues identified by a doctor.
Ongoing discussions through the years….
• process slowed when fast food restaurants organized opposition to
  regulating drive-throughs

June 30, 2009 – new bylaw: takes effect Sept. 1
  SMOG DAYS: (53 in 2005)
  Idling time: 2 minutes
  Enforcement: all city bylaw officers, includes: level train crossings.
  Fine: $50 tickets require less administrative costs
       temperatures above 27 C or below 5 C
       passengers have health issues identified by a doctor.
Arguments for 3 minutes idling time:
•it would make it tough for young mothers to shuttle their kids in and out
of vehicles

Arguments for 2 minutes idling time:
•"I'd ask you to think of the inconvenience for those who can't breathe on
smog day alerts."
a study showed 80% of motorists who idle in London do so less than
three minutes.

Council rejected Staff proposed changes:
•One- minute idling limit (per Natural Resources Canada info)
•No temperature exemptions

Concerns re: exemptions and idling time in new bylaw:
•London's bylaw missed the opportunity to be among the toughest in
Londoners would become more aware of reducing the production of
pollutants and greenhouse gases.
• What is happening?
• What do we hope for?
    Restaurant industry response…
Companies have done studies showing it does not reduce emissions
  when customers walk inside. (where are these studies?)

•   "You've created more emissions by turning off and then restarting,
    actually more pollution goes into the air by doing that than waiting in
    line and going through a drive-through," Melva Sine, president and
    CEO, Utah Restaurant Association.

•   Restaurateurs say the proposal would cripple a growing industry. "The
    economic impact would be huge,"

•   The Comox response:
•   Canadian Restaurant and Foodservices Association
    Western Canada Office
•   Toll Free:   1-866-300-7675   E-mail:
                      Drive throughs…
•   Utah Physicians for a Healthy Environment speaking out:

•   call for red day drive-through ban
•   June 29th, 2009 @ 6:00pm By John Hollenhorst

•   VIDEO:

Suggested red day strategies:
• Free mass transit
• Lower freeway speeds
• Programs encouraging parents to walk their kids to school
• City and county ordinances requiring a shutdown of drive-through
  windows on bad-air days (not a shutdown of businesses- a shutdown
  of the drive throughs)

        Comments/ Questions
          from Participants

Your comments and questions please......
“If you want to
  know who is
  going to
  change this
  country, take
  a look in the
   Maude Barlow
                          Related Websites
Council of Canadians:

Heart and Stroke Position Statement: Air Pollution Heart Disease and Stroke

From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate 2007 reflects the advances made in
   understanding Canada‟s vulnerability to climate change during the past decade.

Lancet and University College London Institute for Global Health Commission: Managing the
   health effects of climate change:
Other Lancet articles:

Clean Air Partnerships

Dads Against Dirty Air
         Other tools of interest…


        Thanks for joining in!

             Thanks for joining in!

 For more information about CHNET-Works!
          and future Fireside Chats

• Please contact the CHNET-Works! Animateur
     if you are interested in collaborating on
          future fireside chat discussions

To top