Mental Illness and Mental Health

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					Mental Illness and Mental
          Health
  How do we define a mental disorder
• The definition is somewhat subjective because
  it is based on social norms.
• Generally when behaviours make it hard to
  function in normal society it is classified as a
  disorder.
• Mental disorders may also be defined by a
  person not taking the normal development
  route.
• About 1 in 5 people have a mental disorder.
      Types of Mental Disorders
• Anxiety disorders – PTSD, social anxiety.
• Affective disorders – mood disorders: e.g.
  depression, mania and bipolar disorder.
• Psychotic disorders – e.g. schizophrenia (this
  is often confused with multiple personality
  disorder in common speech).
• Personality disorders – paranoid, obsessive
  compulsive
• Sleep disorders - insomnia
• Sexual disorders – psychological impotence,
  gender identity etc.
• Impulse disorders – gambling, drugs etc.
            Less common types
• Adjustment disorder: Extreme difficulty adjusting to stressful
  situations.
• Dissociative disorders: e.g. Multiple personalities.
• Factitious disorders: Factitious disorders are conditions in
  which physical and/or emotional symptoms are created in order
  to place the individual in the role of a patient or a person in
  need of help.
• Somatoform disorders: A person with a somatoform disorder,
  formerly known as psychosomatic disorder, experiences
  physical symptoms of an illness even though a doctor can find
  no medical cause for the symptoms.
• Tic disorders: People with tic disorders make sounds or
  display body movements that are repeated, quick, sudden,
  and/or uncontrollable. (Sounds that are made involuntarily are
  called vocal tics.) Tourette's syndrome is an example of a tic
  disorder.

				
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posted:7/5/2011
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