Diamond Driller

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					NatioNal occupatioNal StaNdardS
Diamond Driller
table of contents




TABLE OF CONTENTS


Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. vi


Job Description ............................................................................................................................................. vi


Acknowledgements ...................................................................................................................................... vii


Core
A – Work Safely ............................................................................................................................................ 1
a1        Maintain personal hygiene............................................................................................................................. 1
a2        Wear appropriate clothing ............................................................................................................................. 1
a3        use personal protective equipment (ppE) ...................................................................................................... 2
a4        inspect workplace ......................................................................................................................................... 4
a5        participate in safety programs ....................................................................................................................... 5
a6        adhere to lock-out and tag procedures .......................................................................................................... 5
a7        Follow safety guidelines for using tools and equipment.................................................................................. 6
a8        practice good housekeeping .......................................................................................................................... 7
a9        use fall protection systems............................................................................................................................ 8
a 10      Follow safe manual handling practices .......................................................................................................... 9
a 11      use ladders safely ....................................................................................................................................... 10
a 12      Erect safety signs/barriers ........................................................................................................................... 12
a 13      Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment ........................................................................................... 13


B – Use Communication Systems ................................................................................................................ 14
B1        use communication systems/equipment ..................................................................................................... 14
B2        convey messages with signals ..................................................................................................................... 15
B3        complete workplace documentation ........................................................................................................... 16


C – Demonstrate Fire Safety ....................................................................................................................... 17
c1        Be prepared for fire emergencies ................................................................................................................ 17
c2        use fire extinguishers .................................................................................................................................. 18




                                                                        diamond driller                                                                            /i
table of contents




D – Respond to Emergencies ....................................................................................................................... 19
d1        prepare to respond to emergencies ............................................................................................................ 19
d2        respond to emergencies ............................................................................................................................. 20
d3        perform emergency shut down of equipment .............................................................................................. 21
d4        perform emergency evacuation ................................................................................................................... 21


E – Protect the Environment ........................................................................................................................ 22
E1        Follow environmental plan ........................................................................................................................... 22
E2        install containment measures ..................................................................................................................... 23
E3        Manage waste ............................................................................................................................................ 24
E4        Manage fuels and other hazardous materials .............................................................................................. 26
E5        respond to spills ....................................................................................................................................... 27


F – Use Hand and Power Tools ..................................................................................................................... 29
F1        describe hand tools ................................................................................................................................... 29
F2        describe power tools .................................................................................................................................. 33
F3        use hand and power tools .......................................................................................................................... 33


G – Operate Service Equipment ................................................................................................................... 35
G1        operate chainsaws ..................................................................................................................................... 35
G2        operate pumps .......................................................................................................................................... 37
G3        operate generators ..................................................................................................................................... 39
G4        operate mixers ........................................................................................................................................... 41
G5        operate recycling systems .......................................................................................................................... 42
G6        operate winch ............................................................................................................................................ 44
G7        Maintain hoses .......................................................................................................................................... 46


H – Lift Loads ............................................................................................................................................. 47
H1        plan lift ...................................................................................................................................................... 47
H2        operate lifting equipment ........................................................................................................................... 48
H3        rig and secure load ................................................................................................................................... 50
H4        Make the lift ............................................................................................................................................... 51




ii /                                                                National occupational Standards
table of contents




I – Interpret Layouts/Drill Hole Plan ........................................................................................................... 53
i1        interpret layouts/drill hole plan ................................................................................................................... 53


J – Recover and Handle Core ...................................................................................................................... 54
J1        recover core sample .................................................................................................................................. 54
J2        prepare and maintain core tube assembly .................................................................................................. 55


K – Grout Diamond Drill Holes .................................................................................................................... 56
K1        Grout diamond drill holes ............................................................................................................................ 56


L – Be Professional ..................................................................................................................................... 58
l1        Work in a team environment ....................................................................................................................... 58
l2        Work in a culturally diverse environment ..................................................................................................... 59
l3        Maintain good community relations ............................................................................................................ 59


SurfaCe
M – Work Safely ......................................................................................................................................... 60
M1        Work safely around aircraft ......................................................................................................................... 60
M2        Work safely around watercraft ..................................................................................................................... 60
M3        prevent forest fires around work site ........................................................................................................... 61
M4        use open-flame equipment safely .............................................................................................................. 62


N – Operate Mobile Equipment ................................................................................................................... 63
N1        operate mobile equipment safely off-road .................................................................................................. 63
N2        operate skidders ........................................................................................................................................ 64
N3        operate track vehicles ................................................................................................................................ 67
N4        operate snowmobiles ................................................................................................................................. 72
N5        operate all-terrain vehicles ......................................................................................................................... 75
N6        operate watercraft ...................................................................................................................................... 79




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O – Perform Surface Site Set-Up Tasks ........................................................................................................ 81
o1       Follow land use plans and/or permit guidelines .......................................................................................... 81
o2       construct access routes ............................................................................................................................. 81
o3       Build and maintain camps ......................................................................................................................... 83


P – Perform Surface Diamond Drilling ......................................................................................................... 85
p1       transport diamond drill ............................................................................................................................... 85
p2       Set up diamond drill ................................................................................................................................... 86
p3       operate diamond drill ................................................................................................................................ 88
p4       Maintain support services .......................................................................................................................... 94
p5       adapt surface diamond drilling for operating on ice .................................................................................... 95
p6       adapt surface diamond drilling for operating on a barge ............................................................................. 96


underground
Q – Maintain Underground Services ............................................................................................................ 98
Q1       install and maintain ventilation systems ..................................................................................................... 98
Q2       Maintain and extend air and water lines ..................................................................................................... 99
Q3       Visually inspect electrical and communication lines .................................................................................. 100


R – Scale Loose Rock ............................................................................................................................... 101
r1       identify conditions that require scaling ..................................................................................................... 101
r2       Wash rock surfaces for scaling .................................................................................................................. 102
r3       Scale loose rock ....................................................................................................................................... 103


S – Operate Pneumatic and/or Hydraulic Tools .......................................................................................... 105
S1       operate jackleg/stoper/plugger ................................................................................................................ 105
S2       operate other pneumatic and/or hydraulic tools and equipment .............................................................. 107




iv /                                                             National occupational Standards
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T – Install Staging .................................................................................................................................... 109
t1        plan for staging ........................................................................................................................................ 109
t2        construct wooden and steel staging ......................................................................................................... 109
t3        Set up mechanized staging ...................................................................................................................... 110
t4        remove and store staging ........................................................................................................................ 111


U – Perform Underground Diamond Drilling ............................................................................................... 113
u1        transport diamond drill underground ........................................................................................................ 113
u2        Set up diamond drill ................................................................................................................................. 113
u3        operate diamond drill .............................................................................................................................. 115
u4        Maintain support services ........................................................................................................................ 120


V – Operate Underground Transportation ................................................................................................... 121
V1        operate underground locomotives ............................................................................................................. 121
V2        operate utility vehicles ............................................................................................................................. 124


Competency Chart .................................................................................................................................... 128


Essential Skills Profile (ESP) .................................................................................................................... 131




                                                                        diamond driller                                                                           /v
introduction




Introduction
National occupational Standards (NoS) are inventories of the skills and knowledge required for workers to perform
proficiently in a particular occupation.

the Mining industry Human resources council (MiHr) develops NoS as the basis for program development in
training, skills assessment certification and accreditation. the NoS may also be used to develop other Hr tools such
as job descriptions, interview guides, prior learning assessments or foreign credential recognition.

our NoS for diamond driller was developed in collaboration with the canadian diamond drilling association and
other key stakeholders. as MiHr continues with the development of the canadian Mining credentials program (cMcp),
this NoS will serve as the foundation for certifying diamond drillers.

For more information on the cMcp, please visit our website at www.miningcredentials.ca, or e-mail us at
certification@mihr.ca.




       Job Description
       diamond drillers:
       •	 operate	and	maintain	coring	equipment	in	a	surface	or	underground	environment
       •	 use	mud	products	and	other	consumables	properly
       •	 troubleshoot	drilling	equipment	and	drilling	process	problems
       •	 supervise	subordinate(s)	of	a	drill	crew
       •	 train	new	employees	on	proper	use	of	equipment,	tools	and	safety	procedures
       •	 are	responsible	for	quality	control,	safety	and	productivity	for	the	shift
       •	 report	and	provide	updates	to	the	foreman	on	drilling	status
       •	 follow	company	policies	and	procedures	




vi /                                           National occupational Standards
acknowledgements




Acknowledgements
MiHr would like to acknowledge the participation of the following individuals and organizations who made the
development of this NoS possible:

National Occupational Standards                                   National Occupational Standards
Steering Committee                                                Development Committee – Diamond Driller
Steve Ball, Vale inco                                             Mike Beauregard, Government of Nunavut
arnold Boldt, Saskatchewan institute of applied Science           Farren Billey, FB drilling
and technology
                                                                  Greg Bisson, Major drilling Group international inc.
alain cauchon, arcelorMittal Mines canada
                                                                  albert Bouchard, Major drilling Group international inc.
Geoffrey dalton, cambrian college                                 (formerly of Bradley Bros. ltd.)
John English, British columbia institute of technology            George demers, layne christensen
Brad Jewell, diavik diamond Mines inc.                            robert Fleming, team drilling
Felix lee, prospectors and developers association of              William Krasnozon, Boart longyear canada
canada
                                                                  Ed MacVeigh, levert drilling ltd. / Swick Mining Services
Walter Manning, communications, Energy and                        (canada) inc.
paperworkers union of canada
                                                                  Herb phelps, Xstrata Nickel
doug paget, indian and Northern affairs canada
                                                                  craig Scott, Hy-tech drilling ltd.
James piwek, Highland Valley copper
                                                                  rob Steadman, Foraco canada ltd.
colleen proctor, apprenticeship and occupational
certification, Government of the Northwest territories
                                                                  Other Industry Contributions
dave Stewart, Mine Mill and Smelter Workers union,
canadian auto Workers union                                       Jim Savage, canadian diamond drilling association
Jim utley, teck resources                                         General membership, cdda Eastern Safety Group
Bernice Walker, corona college                                    General membership, cdda Western Safety Group
dean Winsor, Elk Valley coal

thanks to Major drilling Group international inc. for providing the front cover photography.




                               Funded in part by the Government of canada’s Sector council program.



                                                       diamond driller                                                   / vii
How to read NoS




How to read NOS
Each standard has the following structure:



         a
                  arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                          /                          Work Safely




             B
                   taSK A 1           Maintain personal hygiene
                   Frequency:
                   Importance:
                                      regularly
                                      Medium         }                 E
                                                                                                                                    d
         c         SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

                   (a)    identify importance of personal hygiene          •   to reduce risk of toxins entering body,
                                                                               e.g., inhalation, absorption
                                                                           •   to reduce risk of cross contamination
                                                                           •   to prevent hazardous agents/materials from being
                                                                               carried out of workplace, e.g., contaminated clothing
                                                                           •   to prevent the spread of diseases

                   (b)    practice good personal hygiene            Wash work clothes regularly
                                                                           •
                                                                    Keep work clothes separate from street clothes
                                                                           •
                                                                    use shower facilities and skin cleansers at the
                                                                           •
                                                                    workplace if applicable, e.g., uranium, lead and
a.                                                                  coal mine
     Area of competence: a major function or responsibility of an occupationrequirements
                                                                  • use hand cleaners, anti-bacterial products as
B.                                                                  outlines
     Task: a distinct, broad, measurable competency statement that needed what a practitioner does within
     an area of competence                                        • Bring sufficient personal supplies to last a scheduled
                                                                    work term
c.   Sub-task: a distinct, measurable, activity that, when combined with other related activities, creates the
                                                                  • Eat in designated places
     logical steps to complete a task
d. Supporting knowledge and abilities: the smallest components used to describe the specific knowledge
                 taSK A 2       Wear appropriate clothing
   and abilities required to complete the sub-task
                   Frequency:         Frequently
                Importance:    High
E. Contextual Information: additional information on the task described, which includes:
   a. Frequency: defines how often the task is performed
                SUB-TASK:                                      SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:
   b. Importance: rates the importance of the task is to the competent job performance
                   (a)    identify importance of wearing appropriate       •   to prevent injury to self, e.g. cuts, scrapes
                          clothing                                         •   to protect against chemicals or other contaminants
                                                                           •   to protect self from the elements of the
                                                                               work environment

                   (b)    Wear clothing appropriate for work conditions    •   For weather conditions, e.g., insulated clothing
                          and tasks                                            for winter
                                                                           •   For working around moving equipment,
                                                                               e.g., close fitting clothes
                                                                           •   For underground conditions, e.g., rubber boots,
                                                                               leather boots, oilers
                                                                           •   For surface conditions using salt solutions,
                                                                               e.g., oilers



viii /                                                 National occupational Standards
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arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                          /                         Work Safely




 COre

 taSK A 1          Maintain personal hygiene
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify importance of personal hygiene           •	 To	reduce	risk	of	toxins	entering	body,	
                                                            e.g., inhalation, absorption
                                                         •	 To	reduce	risk	of	cross	contamination	
                                                         •	 To	prevent	hazardous	agents/materials	from	being	
                                                            carried out of workplace, e.g., contaminated clothing
                                                         •	 To	prevent	the	spread	of	diseases	

 (b)   practice good personal hygiene                    •	 Wash	work	clothes	regularly
                                                         •	 Keep	work	clothes	separate	from	street	clothes
                                                         •	 Use	shower	facilities	and	skin	cleansers	at	the	
                                                            workplace if applicable, e.g., uranium, lead and
                                                            coal mine requirements
                                                         •	 Use	hand	cleaners,	anti-bacterial	products	as	
                                                            needed
                                                         •	 Bring	sufficient	personal	supplies	to	last	a	scheduled	
                                                            work term
                                                         •	 Eat	in	designated	places



 taSK A 2          Wear appropriate clothing
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify importance of wearing appropriate        •		 To	prevent	injury	to	self,	e.g.	cuts,	scrapes
       clothing                                          •		 To	protect	against	chemicals	or	other	contaminants
                                                         •		 To	protect	self	from	the	elements	of	the	
                                                             work environment

 (b)   Wear clothing appropriate for work conditions     •	 For	weather	conditions,	e.g.,	insulated	clothing	
       and tasks                                            for winter
                                                         •	 For	working	around	moving	equipment,	
                                                            e.g., close fitting clothes
                                                         •	 For	underground	conditions,	e.g.,	rubber	boots,	
                                                            leather boots, oilers
                                                         •	 For	surface	conditions	using	salt	solutions,	
                                                            e.g., oilers



                                                 diamond driller                                                /1
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                          /                       Work Safely




 taSK A 3          use personal protective equipment (ppE)
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   adhere to regulations regarding the use of ppE   •	 Wear	PPE	approved	by	recognized	authority,	e.g.,	
                                                           canadian Standards association (cSa), american
                                                           National Standards institute (aNSi), underwriters
                                                           laboratories (ul)

 (b)   identify standard ppE                            •	 Standard	PPE	may	include:
                                                           - head protection, e.g., hard hat with reflectors
                                                           - hearing protection, e.g., ear plugs, ear muffs
                                                           - safety (reflective) vest
                                                           - foot protection, e.g., rubber boots, leather boots,
                                                              metatarsal protection
                                                           - eye protection, e.g., glasses with side shields,
                                                              goggles, visors, sun glasses, full face shields
                                                           - sun block or sunscreen
                                                           - hand protection, e.g., Kevlar, leather, nitrile,
                                                              rubber or other gloves
                                                           - skin barrier creams
                                                           - chainsaw apparel e.g., chaps, hearing protection,
                                                              full face shields

 (c)   identify condition-specific ppE                  •	 Condition-specific	PPE	may	include:	
                                                           - dust mask
                                                           - fall arrest harness
                                                           - ventilator
                                                           - monitoring devices, e.g., radiation, dust, methane
                                                               gas, carbon monoxide
                                                        •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	instructions	for	proper	use	and	
                                                           maintenance of specific ppE
                                                        •	 Complete	required	training




2/                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                         /                         Work Safely




 taSK A 3          use personal protective equipment (ppE)
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   inspect ppE before use                           •	 Identify	task	to	be	performed
                                                        •	 Select	appropriate	PPE	for	task
                                                        •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	inspection	procedure,	
                                                           for example:
                                                           - note date of manufacture/expiry
                                                           - do not allow alterations or modifications
                                                           - calibrate monitoring equipment
                                                        •	 Ensure	that	PPE	meets	approved	standards
                                                        •	 Ensure	that	PPE	is	in	good	condition:
                                                           - if damaged or defective, remove ppE from service
                                                               and replace as required
                                                        •	 Record	inspections	as	required

 (e)   Ensure that ppE fits properly                    •	 Ensure	that	equipment	fits	comfortably
                                                        •	 Adjust	fittings	and/or	straps	as	needed

 (f)   Maintain ppE as required                         •	 Clean	equipment	as	required,	e.g.,	follow	
                                                           manufacturer’s instructions
                                                        •	 Replace	PPE	if	necessary,	e.g.,	if	hard	hat	has	been	
                                                           struck by forcible blow

 (g)   Store ppE as required                            •	 Ensures	that	PPE	is	accessible
                                                        •	 Prevents	PPE	from	being	damaged	(e.g.,	UV	damage)	
                                                           or lost
                                                        •	 Ensure	PPE	is	in	appropriate	condition	for	storage
                                                        •	 Store	PPE	in	appropriate	conditions,	e.g.,	out	of	sun,	
                                                           cool, dry conditions
                                                        •	 Store	PPE	in	designated	locations	




                                               diamond driller                                                /3
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                              /                         Work Safely




 taSK A 4          inspect workplace
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify hazardous or potentially                    •	 Identify	hazards	or	potentially	hazardous	conditions	
       hazardous conditions                                    before starting work
                                                            •	 Types	of	hazardous	conditions	may	include:
                                                               - poor ground conditions, e.g., loose rock,
                                                                  swamp, ice
                                                               - overhead hazards, e.g., trees, power lines, screen,
                                                                  vent tubing
                                                               - open holes, e.g., sumps, chutes, shafts
                                                               - protruding objects, e.g., nails, anchors
                                                               - tripping/slipping hazards, e.g., rocks, muck,
                                                                  hoses, branches, ice, lichen
                                                               - moving equipment, e.g., skidders, tractors,
                                                                  forklifts, aircraft
                                                               - explosives
                                                               - dangerous gases, e.g., oxy-acetylene, methane,
                                                                  propane, H2S
                                                               - inadequate ventilation, e.g., ripped or torn vent
                                                                  tubing, non-operating fans
                                                               - lack of or inadequate safety guards on
                                                                  equipment with moving or rotating parts

 (b)   correct or report hazardous conditions               •	 Correct	hazardous	condition,	e.g.,	make	minor	repairs,	
                                                               remove debris
                                                            •	 If	hazardous	condition	cannot	be	corrected:
                                                               - lock out and tag
                                                               - put up signs, barricade area or post guard
                                                               - remove from service
                                                            •	 Report	hazardous	condition	to	appropriate	personnel
                                                            •	 Complete	required	documentation




4/                                              National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                              /                          Work Safely




 taSK A 5          participate in safety programs
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   attend safety meetings                               •	 Identify	types	of	safety	meetings,	e.g.,	site	
                                                               orientation, tool box meeting, joint health and safety
                                                               committee meeting
                                                            •	 Participate	in	discussions
                                                            •	 Listen	to	announcements
                                                            •	 Make	suggestions	for	future	topics

 (b)   Follow company safety initiatives                    •	 Identify	types	of	company	safety	initiatives,	e.g.,	zero	
                                                               harm, five point safety, behavioural based safety
                                                            •	 Inspect	workplace	for	hazards
                                                            •	 Implement	safety	practices,	e.g.,	Internal	
                                                               responsibility System (irS) to resolve safety issues
                                                               in the workplace
                                                            •	 Conduct	risk	assessments



 taSK A 6          adhere to lock-out and tag procedures
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   understand lock out and tag procedures               •	 Used	to	protect	self,	others	and	equipment
                                                            •	 Used	to	prevent	start-up	or	the	release	of	stored	
                                                               energy during service or maintenance
                                                            •	 Types	of	energy	include:
                                                               - Mechanical
                                                               - pneumatic
                                                               - Hydraulic
                                                               - Kinetic
                                                               - Gravity
                                                               - Electrical
                                                               - Steam




                                                    diamond driller                                                  /5
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                            /                              Work Safely




 taSK A 6          adhere to lock-out and tag procedures
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   recognize when equipment is locked out and/         •	 Identify	types	of	locks,	e.g.,	physical	locks	or	
       or tagged                                              enclosures, multi-locks, lock boxes
                                                           •	 Identify	types	of	tags,	the	colours	and	their	use,	
                                                              e.g., red and/or white, initialled

 (c)   use lock out and tag procedures as needed           •	 Follow	company	policies	and	procedures
                                                           •	 Use	suitable	lock	for	application,	e.g.,	lock	
                                                              for pipe valves, electrical components and
                                                              mechanical devices



 taSK A 7          Follow safety guidelines for using tools and equipment
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Be responsible for personal safety                  •	 Select	the	appropriate	PPE	for	the	task	and	tool
                                                           •	 Consider	personal	limitations,	e.g.,	strength,	fatigue
                                                           •	 Request	assistance	if	required,	e.g.,	heavy	
                                                              equipment, tools used at awkward angles
                                                           •	 Ensure	safety	equipment	is	available	and	accessible,	
                                                              e.g., fire extinguishers
                                                           •	 Monitor	work	area:
                                                              - ensure adequate ventilation
                                                              - ensure adequate lighting

 (b)   complete required training                          •	 Comply	with:
                                                              - manufacturer’s specifications
                                                              - applicable legislation
                                                              - company policies and procedures

 (c)   use proper tool for the task                        •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	
                                                           •	 Use	the	tool	for	its	intended	purpose
                                                           •	 Do	not	use	defective	tools




6/                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                          /                          Work Safely




 taSK A 7          Follow safety guidelines for using tools and equipment
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   use safety features                                •	 Be	aware	of	safety	features,	e.g.,	emergency	
                                                             shut-off switches, guards
                                                          •	 Do	not	remove	or	modify	safety	devices
                                                          •	 Do	not	use	equipment	that	is	defective

 (e)   report deficiencies to supervisor                  •	 Make	minor	repairs	according	to	manufacturer’s	
                                                             specifications, if possible
                                                          •	 Follow	lock	out	and	tag	procedures	and	remove	from	
                                                             service according to, legislation, company policies
                                                             and procedures and/or environmental plan
                                                          •	 Remove	unsafe	tools	from	circulation:
                                                             - inform supervisor of actions
                                                          •	 Document	maintenance	and/or	deficiencies



 taSK A 8          practice good housekeeping
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify importance of good housekeeping           •	 Reduces	hazards,	e.g.,	tripping	over	tools	
                                                          •	 Creates	efficient	and	safe	working	environment
                                                          •	 Maintains	higher	workplace	morale,	e.g.,	inspires	
                                                             better maintenance
                                                          •	 Increases	productivity

 (b)   Maintain work area, floors and platforms           •	 Perform	ongoing	cleanup,	for	example:
                                                             - sweep or wash down the floor
                                                             - place waste in proper location
                                                             - keep work areas free from clutter
                                                             - keep work areas free of ice, grease and mud




                                                  diamond driller                                                 /7
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                              /                        Work Safely




 taSK A 8          practice good housekeeping
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   dispose of waste materials appropriately             •	 Waste	cardboard,	metal	or	lumber	can	be	reused	
                                                               or recycled
                                                            •	 Comply	with	local	waste	disposal	regulations
                                                            •	 Follow	environmental	plan:
                                                               - store waste in suitable container or bag



 taSK A 9          use fall protection systems
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Follow legislative requirements for a fall           •	 Height	and	fall	protection	requirements	vary	
       protection system                                       by jurisdiction
                                                            •	 Complete	legislated	training	as	required

 (b)   identify types of fall protection systems            •	 Types	of	fall	protection	systems	may	include,	
                                                               for example:
                                                               - travel restraint
                                                               - fall arrest
                                                               - hand rails
                                                               - guard rails

 (c)   Select suitable fall protection system               •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	for	use
       to match task                                        •	 Follow	company	policies	and	procedures

 (d)   Ensure personal fall protection systems              •	 Select	proper	size	and	adjust	correctly
       fit properly                                         •	 Ensure	harness	is	positioned	on	body	correctly

 (e)   Maintain and store personal fall                     •	 Ensure	that	fall	protection	systems	are	stored	
       protection systems                                      properly to prevent damage
                                                            •	 Defective	systems	should	be	taken	out	of	service
                                                            •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




8/                                              National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                                /                          Work Safely




 taSK A 9            use fall protection systems
 Frequency:          regularly
 Importance:         High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)   report defective fall protection systems              •	 Identify	damaged	or	defective	fall	protection	
                                                                systems, e.g., loose or broken handrails
                                                                or guard rails
                                                             •	 Make	minor	repairs	if	possible
                                                             •	 Restrict	access	or	warn	others	of	damage,	
                                                                e.g., put up signs or barricades
                                                             •	 If	a	fall	occurs,	all	equipment	must	be	inspected,	
                                                                recertified and/or replaced
                                                             •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor
                                                             •	 Complete	required	documentation



 taSK A 10           Follow safe manual handling practices
 Frequency:          Frequently
 Importance:         Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   assess load                                           •	 Estimate	size,	weight,	centre	of	gravity	and	
                                                                dimensions of load
                                                             •	 Determine	if	assistance	is	required	
                                                             •	 Determine	if	mechanical	lifting	equipment	is	needed

 (b)   inspect pathway and destination                       •	   Ensure	pathway	is	clear,	including	stairs
                                                             •	   Remove	or	identify	hazards	if	possible
                                                             •	   Check	route	for	a	resting	place	if	needed
                                                             •	   Ensure	destination	is	level,	of	adequate	size	
                                                                  and capacity

 (c)   prepare to lift the load                              •	   Select	safe	and	comfortable	hand	holds
                                                             •	   Ensure	good	footing	and	well	balanced	stance
                                                             •	   Keep	back	straight	and	crouch	down	with	knees	bent
                                                             •	   Use	palms	instead	of	fingers	to	grasp	load
                                                             •	   Keep	elbows	close	to	body	if	possible




                                                   diamond driller                                                    /9
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                            /                          Work Safely




 taSK A 10         Follow safe manual handling practices
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   Make the lift                                       •	 Ensure	back	is	kept	straight,	use	leg	muscles	to	lift
                                                           •	 Lift	straight	upwards
                                                           •	 Tilt	the	load	toward	the	body	to	promote	stability

 (e)   carry the load                                      •	 Keep	load	in	front	of	body,	avoid	twisting
                                                           •	 Stop	and	rest	if	needed,	use	identified	resting	places
                                                           •	 Make	sure	load	does	not	block	vision

 (f)   Ground the load                                     •	 Ensure	good	footing	and	well	balanced	stance
                                                           •	 Keep	back	straight	and	use	leg	muscles	to	lower	
                                                              load
                                                           •	 Bend	at	the	knees	and	lower	straight	downwards



 taSK A 11         use ladders safely
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Follow legislative requirements and company         •	 Requirements	vary	by	jurisdiction
       policy and policies for use of ladders              •	 Complete	training	as	required

 (b)   identify types of ladders                           •	 Types	include:
                                                              - extension ladders
                                                              - step ladders
                                                           •	 Made	of	different	materials,	including:
                                                              - metal
                                                              - fibreglass
                                                              - wood
                                                           •	 Different	grades	of	ladders,	for	example:
                                                              - Grade iii
                                                              - Grade ii
                                                              - Grade i
                                                              - industrial




10 /                                        National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                    /                           Work Safely




 taSK A 11            use ladders safely
 Frequency:           regularly
 Importance:          Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                         SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   check condition of ladder                   •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications
                                                   •	 Inspect	ladder	for	faulty	rungs	or	rails	before,	during	
                                                      and upon completion of job
                                                   •	 Tag	out,	remove	or	repair	ladder	if	needed
                                                   •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (d)   Erect ladder                                •	 Select	ladder	appropriate	for	task	and	conditions
                                                   •	 Position	ladder	according	to	conditions:
                                                      - project a prescribed distance, above landing,
                                                         e.g., 1 metre
                                                      - place against a wall at a pitch of 4:1
                                                      - place feet of ladder on level surface
                                                   •	 Do	not	use	the	top	three	rungs	of	a	ladder
                                                   •	 Physically	secure	ladder

 (e)   ascend and descend ladder                   •	 Wear	fall	arrest	system	as	required
                                                   •	 Climb	facing	ladder
                                                   •	 Use	3-point	contact	
                                                   •	 Ensure	work	boots	are	free	of	mud	and	grease	
                                                      before climbing
                                                   •	 Maintain	adequate	distance	from	top	of	ladder,	
                                                      i.e., do not use top three rungs

 (f)   Work on ladder                              •	 Work	facing	ladder	and	maintain	contact	with	hand	
                                                      whenever possible
                                                   •	 Reposition	ladder	to	prevent	overreaching




                                           diamond driller                                                / 11
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                               /                        Work Safely




 taSK A 12         Erect safety signs/barriers
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify common types of signs                        •	 Types	of	signs	include:
                                                                - informational signs
                                                                - directional signs
                                                                - cautionary signs
                                                                - danger signs

 (b)   identify types of barricades                          •	 Physical	barriers,	for	example:
                                                                - do not enter or caution tape
                                                                - snow/screen fence
                                                                - concrete stopper
                                                                - berm
                                                                - single or double barricade
                                                                - steel cable
                                                                - temporary barricades constructed from
                                                                   available materials

 (c)   place signs/barricades as required                    •	 Select	appropriate	signs/barricades	for	situation	
                                                                and purpose, e.g., unsafe walkways or travel ways,
                                                                uncovered holes
                                                             •	 Secure	barricades	and	signs,	e.g.,	bolted,	screwed,	
                                                                nailed, tied into place
                                                             •	 Ensure	signs	are	visible	and	legible

 (d)   remove signs/barricades that are                      •	 Store	signs/barricades
       no longer necessary




12 /                                             National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE A                                                      /                         Work Safely




 taSK A 13        Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment
 Frequency:       Frequently
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                            SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   communicate with others when operating or      •	 Vehicle/mobile	equipment	operator	should:
       working around vehicles/mobile equipment          - use audible, visual or hand signals to notify
                                                            others of equipment movement
                                                         - use alarms when equipment is backing up
                                                         - acknowledge presence of other workers in
                                                            vicinity of vehicle/mobile equipment
                                                      •	 Persons	in	vicinity	of	vehicle/mobile	
                                                         equipment should:
                                                         - notify operator of presence
                                                         - obey audible, visual and hand signals,
                                                            e.g., flashing lights, back up alarms

 (b)   avoid hazardous conditions                     •	 Avoid	pinch	points,	e.g.,	do	not	position	self	
                                                         between stationary objects and moving vehicles/
                                                         mobile equipment
                                                      •	 Avoid	overhead	obstructions,	for	example:
                                                         - check for power, telephone and cable lines,
                                                            guy wires and fences
                                                         - lower equipment and monitor clearance when
                                                            moving equipment under or alongside utility lines
                                                      •	 Avoid	debris	resulting	from	work	or	movement	of	
                                                         vehicles/mobile equipment, e.g., tree branches,
                                                         small rocks




                                              diamond driller                                              / 13
arEa oF coMpEtENcE B                                                        /        use communication Systems




 taSK B 1          use communications systems/equipment
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                            SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   use only authorized communication systems      •	 Types	of	communication	systems	include:
                                                         - public address (pa) systems
                                                         - two-way radios
                                                         - telephones, e.g., satellite, voip, cell
                                                         - cB radios
                                                         - fax
                                                         - email
                                                         - signals, e.g., bells, lights
                                                      •	 Take	training	to	operate	communications	equipment,	
                                                         if required

 (b)   Familiarize self with equipment                •	 Conduct	pre-operational	check,	e.g.,	test	
                                                         communication equipment daily
                                                      •	 Document	inspections	as	required

 (c)   use communication system                       •	 Follow	legislation	and	company	policies	
                                                         and procedures
                                                      •	 Use	appropriate	radio	channels
                                                      •	 Use	proper	communication	etiquette:
                                                         - avoid unnecessary chatter
                                                      •	 Use	appropriate	language	and	codes
                                                      •	 Speak	clearly	and	concisely
                                                      •	 Maintain	radio	silence	as	appropriate




14 /                                      National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE B                                                           /         use communication Systems




 taSK B 2          convey messages with signals
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   use appropriate hand signals for job               •	 Types	of	hand	signals	include:
                                                             - lifting signals
                                                             - crane signals
                                                             - helicopter signals
                                                          •	 Ensure	visual	contact
                                                          •	 Take	signals	from	one	person	only:
                                                             - confirm signals with team member

 (b)   use lights and audio signals                       •	 Ensure	other	person	sees	you
                                                          •	 Follow	company	procedures	and	regulations	for	
                                                             signalling
                                                          •	 Use	signals	required	for	activities,	such	as:
                                                             - tramming
                                                             - lifting devices, e.g., cranes

 (c)   comply with signage                                •	 Types	of	signage	may	include:
                                                             - traffic signs
                                                             - safety signs
                                                             - Workplace Hazardous Materials information
                                                                System (WHMiS) labels
                                                             - electrical safety signs
                                                             - emergency
                                                          •	 Recognize:
                                                             - colour coding
                                                             - meaning

 (d)   comply with light signals                          •	 Types	of	light	signals	may	include:
                                                             - traffic lights
                                                             - safety lights
                                                             - warning lights
                                                          •	 Recognize	and	interpret:
                                                             - colour coding
                                                             - meaning




                                                  diamond driller                                             / 15
arEa oF coMpEtENcE B                                                            /          use communication Systems




 taSK B 3          complete workplace documentation
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Write legibly                                      •	 Write	clearly	and	concisely

 (b)   complete daily drill report/log book               •	 Follow	legislation	and	company	policies	and	
                                                             procedures for documenting information
                                                          •	 Use	proper	grammar
                                                          •	 Use	simple	language
                                                          •	 Use	correct	terminology
                                                          •	 Include	appropriate	details	as	required	by	
                                                             company, e.g., pre-op inspection, meterage,
                                                             hours, consumables
                                                          •	 Submit	or	file	as	required

 (c)   complete other forms and reports                   •	 Identify	situations	that	require	reporting	to	supervisor	
                                                             or authorities, e.g. hazardous report form, incident or
                                                             accident report, pre- and post-inspection checklists
                                                          •	 Select	appropriate	forms,	if	required
                                                          •	 Complete	forms,	as	required:
                                                             - provide all pertinent details and information
                                                             - write legibly
                                                             - sign/initial, if required
                                                          •	 Review	completed	forms	with	supervisor




16 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE C                                                            /              demonstrate Fire Safety




 taSK C 1          Be prepared for fire emergencies
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify fire fighting equipment available           •	 Be	aware	of:
                                                               - location of required fire fighting equipment
                                                               - proper storage of fire fighting equipment

 (b)   Maintain fire fighting equipment                     •	 Inspect	condition	of	fire	extinguisher/
                                                               equipment regularly
                                                            •	 Ensure	fire	fighting	equipment	is	kept	accessible

 (c)   comply with fire fighting and fire                   •	 Follow	company	fire	prevention	measures,	
       prevention protocols                                    e.g., use of spark arrestors, no open flames
                                                            •	 Be	aware	of	fire	emergency	procedures,	including:
                                                               - alarm procedure
                                                               - communication protocol
                                                               - emergency response
                                                            •	 Smoke	in	designated	areas	only




                                                    diamond driller                                                / 17
arEa oF coMpEtENcE C                                                             /             demonstrate Fire Safety




 taSK C 2          use fire extinguishers
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   operate fire extinguisher                           •	 Take	appropriate	training	to	use	fire	
                                                              fighting equipment
                                                           •	 Stand	6	to	8	feet	away	from	fire
                                                           •	 Follow	4-step	PASS	procedure:
                                                              - Pull the pin
                                                              - Aim low
                                                              - Squeeze the lever below the handle
                                                              - Sweep from side to side
                                                           •	 Attempt	to	extinguish	small	fires,	if	fire	is	not	
                                                              extinguished and is out of control, leave area and
                                                              call for help immediately
                                                           •	 Initiate	fire	emergency	procedure
                                                           •	 Comply	with	company	fire/emergency	plan
                                                           •	 Report	all	fires	to	supervisor

 (b)   Maintain and store fire extinguishers               •	 Inspect	regularly,	e.g.,	monthly
                                                           •	 Punch	or	sign	and	date	tag	when	inspected
                                                           •	 Inform	supervisor	if	fire	extinguisher	has	been	
                                                              discharged and removed from service and
                                                              replaced immediately




18 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE D                                                         /             respond to Emergencies




 taSK D 1         prepare to respond to emergencies
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Know locations of emergency equipment            •	 Know	where	emergency	contact	numbers	are	located
                                                        •	 Know	locations	of	emergency	equipment,	including:
                                                           - fire extinguishers
                                                           - alarms
                                                           - hoses
                                                           - emergency showers
                                                           - eye wash stations
                                                           - spill kits
                                                           - emergency stop devices
                                                           - communication system
                                                           - material safety data sheets (MSdS)
                                                           - self contained breathing apparatus
                                                           - first aid kits

 (b)   recognize meaning of alarms                      •	 Identify	type	of	alarms:
                                                           - visual, e.g., lights
                                                           - audible, e.g., sirens, air horns
                                                           - olfactory, e.g., stench gas
                                                        •	 Interpret	alarm	to	identify	nature	of	emergency,	
                                                           e.g., medical, fire, gas

 (c)   check condition of emergency equipment           •	 Check	fire	extinguisher	inspection	date	and	identify	
                                                           if charged
                                                        •	 Check	that	first	aid	and	spill	kits	are	properly	
                                                           stocked with supplies
                                                        •	 Check	condition	of	hoses

 (d)   operate emergency equipment                      •	 Know	how	to	operate	emergency	equipment,	
                                                           including:
                                                           - fire extinguishers
                                                           - alarms
                                                           - hoses
                                                           - emergency showers
                                                           - eye wash stations
                                                           - emergency stop devices
                                                        •	 Take	appropriate	training	when	offered



                                                diamond driller                                                / 19
arEa oF coMpEtENcE D                                                         /            respond to Emergencies




 taSK D 2         respond to emergencies
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   recognize and respond to alarms                 •	 Determine	purpose	of	alarm:
                                                          - determine colour of warning lights
                                                          - listen for type and duration of audible alarm
                                                          - identify purpose of stench alarm
                                                       •	 Follow	emergency	response	plan
                                                       •	 Go	to	locations	required	for	type	of	emergency,	
                                                          for example:
                                                          - shaft stations
                                                          - fire and ventilation doors
                                                          - refuge stations
                                                          - rendezvous points
                                                          - muster points
                                                          - escape raises
                                                          - first aid stations
                                                       •	 Follow	instructions	of	designated	emergency	
                                                          personnel, e.g., account for personnel

 (b)   raise an alarm                                  •	 Assess	type	of	emergency,	e.g.,	medical,	fire,	gas
                                                       •	 Determine	seriousness	of	emergency	and	
                                                          appropriate action to take according to
                                                          company policy
                                                       •	 Select	appropriate	type	of	alarm	to	raise
                                                       •	 Follow	emergency	response	plan
                                                       •	 Follow	contact	protocols

 (c)   complete follow-up                              •	 Document	incident:
                                                          - provide details of situation and actions taken




20 /                                       National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE D                                                     /              respond to Emergencies




 taSK D 3         perform emergency shut down of equipment
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify need to shut down                    •	 Monitor	for	potential	hazards,	e.g.,	methane,	H2S,	
                                                        co gases, fire
                                                     •	 Raise	appropriate	alarm	when	hazardous	condition	
                                                        is identified
                                                     •	 Recognize	and	respond	to	alarms

 (b)   implement correct response                    •	 Shut	down	as	prescribed	for	type	of	hazard
                                                     •	 Eliminate	all	sources	of	ignition
                                                     •	 Follow	emergency	response	plan



 taSK D 4         perform emergency evacuation
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   assess need for evacuation                    •	 Interpret	alarms	and	other	indicators	to	determine	
                                                        need to evacuate

 (b)   determine safest escape option                •	 Assess	situations
                                                     •	 Determine	safest	route	and	exit	with	other	workers

 (c)   Evacuate during emergency                     •	 Put	on	recommended	PPE	and	follow	
                                                        evacuation procedures
                                                     •	 Make	way	to	emergency	evacuation	muster/
                                                        refuge station or upwind/in positive ventilation
                                                        in gas release situations
                                                     •	 Follow	instructions	of	designated	emergency	
                                                        personnel, e.g., account for personnel
                                                     •	 If	unable	to	reach	muster/refuge	station:
                                                        - barricade self in safe area
                                                        - ensure flow of compressed air in underground
                                                            environment

 (d)   complete follow-up                            •	 Document	incident:
                                                        - provide details of situation and actions taken




                                             diamond driller                                               / 21
arEa oF coMpEtENcE E                                                            /              protect the Environment




 taSK E 1         Follow environmental plan
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Minimize environmental impact of operations        •	 Avoid	practices	that	may	cause	erosion,	
                                                             soft ground rutting
                                                          •	 Use	biodegradable	and	non-toxic	drilling	additives:
                                                             - store and handle with caution to prevent loss
                                                          •	 Minimize	waste	produced,	e.g.,	use	recommended	
                                                             quantities of additives, do not let equipment run/idle
                                                             unnecessarily, recycle drilling fluid returns
                                                          •	 Be	aware	of	restrictions	for	emissions	and	noise	
                                                             when working in proximity of commercial, industrial
                                                             and residential areas
                                                          •	 Erect	sound	barriers,	barricades	and	signage,	as	
                                                             required
                                                          •	 Follow	existing	roads	when	possible
                                                          •	 When	constructing	new	access	routes:
                                                             - avoid sensitive areas, e.g., swamps, rivers,
                                                                 streams, lakes
                                                             - avoid cutting, pushing or dumping debris into
                                                                 water courses
                                                             - use proper bridging techniques
                                                             - avoid recreational and historical/cultural/
                                                                 archaeological sites, plantations, fish, wildlife and
                                                                 their habitats whenever possible
                                                             - minimize tree cutting
                                                          •	 When	setting	up	work	site:
                                                             - avoid unnecessary stripping or grubbing of
                                                                 vegetation, e.g., minimize tree cutting
                                                             - neatly stockpile disturbed overburden for
                                                                 reclamation purposes
                                                             - maintain required distance from water bodies
                                                                 and courses
                                                             - ensure campsite construction conforms to
                                                                 regulations and safety practices with respect
                                                                 to structure spacing, noise abatement, fire
                                                                 control, etc.




22 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE E                                                         /             protect the Environment




 taSK E 1         Follow environmental plan
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   Follow site abandonment and                       •	 Follow	land	use/reclamation	plans	as	prescribed	
       reclamation practices                                by company:
                                                            - cement holes, if required
                                                         •	 Stop	or	cap	artesian	wells
                                                         •	 Restore	drill	and	camp	site	back	to	an	acceptable	
                                                            environmental state, as much as possible and/or as
                                                            required
                                                         •	 Return	sumps	to	original	ground	condition



 taSK E 2         install containment measures
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify when containment is required             •	 Be	aware	of	legislated	requirements	for	containment	
                                                            of different substances
                                                         •	 Containment	is	required	for	the	storage	and	
                                                            handling of:
                                                            - fuel
                                                            - cuttings
                                                            - hazardous materials
                                                            - liquid and solid wastes

 (b)   Select appropriate type of containment            •	 Types	of	containment	include:
                                                            - straw
                                                            - berms
                                                            - pits
                                                            - portable plastic containers
                                                            - ditches
                                                            - silt fencing
                                                            - secondary containers of required dimensions
                                                         •	 Comply	with	legislated	requirements	for	containment	
                                                            of different substances
                                                         •	 Match	type	of	containment	to	the	area	and	material	
                                                            being contained



                                                 diamond driller                                             / 23
arEa oF coMpEtENcE E                                                        /             protect the Environment




 taSK E 2         install containment measures
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                            SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   install containment                            •	 Follow	company	procedures
                                                      •	 Install	containment	best	suited	to	material	being	
                                                         contained, for example:
                                                         - fuel drum inside another secondary container
                                                         - fuel tank inside a berm
                                                         - double walled fuel tanks



 taSK E 3         Manage waste
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                            SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Manage solid waste                             •	 Comply	with	legislation	and/or	land-use	agreements	
                                                         for waste disposal, for example:
                                                         - non-recyclable or non-reusable waste must be
                                                             kept in appropriate cans/bags and disposed of
                                                             in approved waste disposal site
                                                         - oil/petroleum waste products such as absorbent
                                                             matting refuse should be disposed of in
                                                             designated sites
                                                      •	 Follow	recycling	policies,	e.g.,	cardboard,	scrap	
                                                         metal, empty fuel drums, empty propane tanks
                                                         and unused lumber, must be salvaged and recycled




24 /                                      National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE E                                                        /              protect the Environment




 taSK E 3         Manage waste
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   Manage liquid waste, e.g., sewage, sludge,       •	 Document	and	follow	instructions	for	disposal	
       cuttings, waste oil                                 of all effluent
                                                        •	 Comply	with	liquid	waste	disposal	regulations
                                                        •	 Use	approved	septic	or	sewer	system	for	sewage
                                                        •	 Use	sumps	to	remove	excess	drilling	water	from	
                                                           solids, if required:
                                                           - ensure sumps are of adequate size and capacity
                                                           - direct drilling water to designated area with good
                                                               drainage where natural percolation can occur
                                                               without reappearance, if necessary
                                                        •	 Use	special	precautions	when	drilling	adjacent	to	
                                                           lakes, rivers or creeks :
                                                           - do not direct excess drilling fluid into any
                                                               watercourse unless treated and approved by
                                                               regulatory authorities
                                                        •	 Collect	used	petroleum	products,	for	example:
                                                           - transfer used oil into clean pails/containers
                                                               marked ‘waste oil’ and dispose of as required




                                                diamond driller                                              / 25
arEa oF coMpEtENcE E                                                           /            protect the Environment




 taSK E 4          Manage fuels and other hazardous materials
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify types fuels and other                    •	 Types	of	fuels	include:
       hazardous materials                                  - gasoline
                                                            - propane
                                                            - diesel
                                                         •	 Types	of	hazardous	materials	include:
                                                            - oil
                                                            - hydraulic fluid
                                                            - antifreeze
                                                            - battery acid
                                                            - grease
                                                            - solvents
                                                            - fuel additives

 (b)   transfer fuels and other hazardous materials      •	 Use	closed	systems
                                                         •	 Drain	transfer	hoses

 (c)   refuel pumps, drills and mobile equipment         •	 Ensure	emergency	equipment	is	available	and	
                                                            accessible, e.g., fire extinguisher, spill kits
                                                         •	 Use	drip	pans	when	refuelling
                                                         •	 Use	a	bung	wrench	to	open	fuel	drums
                                                         •	 Remove	all	sources	of	ignition,	e.g.,	do	not	smoke	
                                                            while refuelling, shut off motors
                                                         •	 Do	not	leave	fuel,	equipment	or	fuel	pump	nozzles	
                                                            unattended while refuelling
                                                         •	 Keep	fuel,	propane	and	other	lines	out	of	
                                                            traffic areas
                                                         •	 Replace	caps	and	nozzles	on	fuel	cans	immediately	
                                                            after use
                                                         •	 Fill	fuel	tank	to	safe	level;	do	not	overfill	




26 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE E                                                             /              protect the Environment




 taSK E 4         Manage fuels and other hazardous materials
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   use spill prevention measures                       •	 Be	aware	of	the	serious	impact	of	petroleum	
                                                              contamination to public health and safety
                                                           •	 Check	for	new	regulations	governing	use,	
                                                              transportation and storage of petroleum products
                                                           •	 Use	spill	prevention	equipment,	e.g.,	oil	absorbent	
                                                              matting, drip trays
                                                           •	 Identify	and	repair	leaks	immediately

 (e)   Store fuels and other hazardous materials           •	 Use	secondary	containment	as	required	by	
                                                              regulations or environmental policies and procedures
                                                           •	 Ensure	all	equipment	used	for	storage	of	fuels	and	
                                                              other hazardous materials are in good condition
                                                              and/or properly installed:
                                                              - store cylinders and other fuel container in an
                                                                 upright position in approved storage area
                                                              - ensure proper labelling of containers and signage
                                                           •	 Maintain	minimal	inventory	levels	of	fuels	and	
                                                              hazardous materials

 (f)   transport fuel/propane and other hazardous          •	   Obtain	certification	to	transport	dangerous	goods
       materials                                           •	   Ensure	proper	permits	are	in	place
                                                           •	   Check	bills	of	lading	against	supplies
                                                           •	   Use	appropriate	types	and	sizes	of	containers	to	
                                                                transport hazardous materials



 taSK E 5         respond to spills
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   assess danger                                       •	 Halt	operations
                                                           •	 Identify	substance
                                                           •	 Determine	risk	to	self	and	others:
                                                              - take precautions if substance is highly volatile




                                                   diamond driller                                                  / 27
arEa oF coMpEtENcE E                                                    /              protect the Environment




 taSK E 5         respond to spills
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                        SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   Manage spill                               •	 Take	action	to	stop	a	continuous	spill,	e.g.,	turn	off	
                                                     pump, reposition overturned containers
                                                  •	 Determine	spill	spread,	e.g.,	into	ground,	run	off	
                                                     into watercourse
                                                  •	 Initiate	spill	containment:
                                                     - initiate company contingency plan for specific
                                                          situation
                                                     - isolate and remove spill material and
                                                          contaminated material under and around spilled
                                                          material if possible
                                                  •	 Follow	spill	reporting	procedures:
                                                     - notify proper authorities, e.g., Spill line
                                                     - notify supervisor
                                                     - complete required documentation, e.g. Spill
                                                          report form
                                                  •	 Monitor	safe,	uncontained	spill	until	relieved	by	
                                                     appropriate personnel

 (c)   complete follow-up                         •	 Complete	required	documentation,	e.g.,	spill	
                                                     report form:
                                                     - provide details of situation and action taken




28 /                                  National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE F                                                /            use Hand and power tools




 taSK F 1         describe hand tools
 Frequency:       Frequently
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                      SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe axes                            •	 Used	to:
                                                   - clear brush
                                                   - blaze trails
                                                   - fight fires
                                                •	 Most	common	type	is	a	standard	single	edge	
                                                   style of axe

 (b)   describe picks                           •	 Used	to:
                                                   - muck back
                                                   - level muck
                                                   - clean working faces
                                                   - make ditches
                                                   - fight fires
                                                •	 Most	common	types	are	the	Swede	pick	
                                                   (or grub-hoe) and prospector’s pick

 (c)   describe bars                            •	 Used	as	a	lever	to	force	objects	apart
                                                •	 Types	of	bars	commonly	used	include:
                                                   - pinch bars
                                                   - scaling bars
                                                   - pry bars
                                                   - aligning bars
                                                •	 Available	in	varying	lengths	




                                        diamond driller                                             / 29
arEa oF coMpEtENcE F                                                      /         use Hand and power tools




 taSK F 1         describe hand tools
 Frequency:       Frequently
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                          SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   describe shovels                             •	 Used	to	move	material	from	one	location	to	another
                                                    •	 Two	types	of	shovels	commonly	used:
                                                       - round mouth shovels:
                                                          − curved, pointed blade and (usually) a short
                                                              handle with a “d” type grip
                                                          − used to remove coarse, loose materials from
                                                              uneven surfaces
                                                       - square mouth shovels:
                                                          − rectangular shaped blade, with three slightly
                                                              elevated sides
                                                          − usually equipped with a short handle with
                                                              a “d” type grip
                                                          − used to remove coarse, loose materials
                                                              from flat surfaces, such as cleaning up
                                                              under chutes

 (e)   describe hammers                             •	 Three	types	of	hammers	commonly	used:
                                                       - ball peen hammers
                                                       - claw hammers
                                                       - sledge hammers




30 /                                    National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE F                                                 /            use Hand and power tools




 taSK F 1         describe hand tools
 Frequency:       Frequently
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                      SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)   describe wrenches                        •	 Used	to	exert	a	twisting	force	on	bolt	heads,	nuts,	
                                                   studs, pipes and steels
                                                •	 Types	of	wrenches	commonly	used:
                                                   - adjustable or crescent wrench:
                                                      − most common type of wrench
                                                   - open ended wrench:
                                                      − solid, non-adjustable wrench with openings at
                                                          one or both ends
                                                   - box end wrench:
                                                      − most common type has 12 points or notches
                                                          arranged	in	a	circle	in	the	head;	also	available	
                                                          in 6, 8 or 16 points
                                                   - combination wrench:
                                                      − has a 15 º box end at one end and a 15 º
                                                          open end at the other end
                                                   - pipe wrench:
                                                      − designed for use on pipes, but may be used
                                                          on other cylindrical shaped objects
                                                   - ratchet box wrench:
                                                      − resembles a box-end wrench, but handle
                                                          contains a mechanism which allows the head
                                                          to turn inside the handle in the same way as
                                                          a ratchet
                                                   - parmalee wrench:
                                                      − an inner tube wrench that grips without
                                                          distorting the inner tube and its parts
                                                      − has grit facing on the inside surface to ensure
                                                          a positive grip

 (g)   describe saws                            •	 Two	types	of	saws	commonly	used:
                                                   - hand saw (also known as Swede saw or
                                                      buck saw):
                                                      − issued with blade covered with a cardboard
                                                          or plastic guard
                                                      − used to cross cut branches and wood
                                                   - hack saw:
                                                      − used for cutting metal



                                        diamond driller                                               / 31
arEa oF coMpEtENcE F                                                          /           use Hand and power tools




 taSK F 1          describe hand tools
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (h)   describe screen and bolt cutters                 •	 Used	to	cut	screen,	small	bolts,	chain	and	wire	
                                                           line cable

 (i)   describe centre punch tools (also known as       •	 Used	to	secure	fittings	on	air	and	water	lines
       punch locks)                                     •	 Straps	are	passed	through	a	locking	ring,	through	the	
                                                           punch tool
                                                        •	 The	ratchet	mechanism	(handle)	is	then	used	to	pull	
                                                           the straps tight around the hose or line
                                                        •	 When	the	desired	fit	is	reached,	the	punch	
                                                           mechanism is placed on the locking strap and a firm
                                                           tap with a hammer is applied to the punch locking
                                                           the fittings and hoses together

 (j)   describe other common hand tools                 •	 Types	include:	
                                                           - screw drivers
                                                           - hex keys
                                                           - socket wrenches
                                                           - pliers
                                                           - cold steel chisels
                                                           - mallet
                                                           - grease gun

 (k)   describe cutting tools                           •	 Types	include	utility	knives
                                                        •	 Used	to	cut	burlap,	strapping,	and	other	
                                                           soft materials

 (l)   describe nico press pliers                       •	 Used	to	install	clamps	when	splicing	wire	line	cable

 (m)   describe angle finder (protractor)               •	 Used	to	set	the	angle	of	the	hole	to	be	drilled
                                                        •	 Types	include:
                                                           - electronic
                                                           - bubble
                                                           - degree rule




32 /                                        National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE F                                                             /            use Hand and power tools




 taSK F 2          describe power tools
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe circular saws                              •	 Used	to	cut	plywood,	boards	or	planks	for	staging

 (b)   describe grinding tools                             •	 Used	to	remove	burrs,	rust	and	other	surface	
                                                              irregularities

 (c)   describe hand drills                                •	 Used	to	bore	holes
                                                           •	 Used	to	perform	other	functions	with	attachments,	
                                                              for example:
                                                              - screw bits – to drive screws
                                                              - grinding discs –remove burrs, rust and
                                                                  surface irregularities

 (d)   describe chainsaws                                  •	 Used	to	clear	trees,	to	fight	fires	and	build	set-ups

 (e)   describe hydraulic jacks                            •	 Used	to	lift,	separate,	and	press	materials



 taSK F 3          use hand and power tools
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       Very important

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Select the appropriate tools for the task           •	 Select	tool	designed	for	task
                                                           •	 Ensure	tool	is	of	appropriate	size	and	has	capacity	
                                                              to handle task

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for tools and equipment    •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
                                                           •	   Complete	required	training
                                                           •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                           •	   Use	safety	features
                                                           •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor
                                                           •	   Remove	damaged	tools	from	use

 (c)   inspect workplace                                   •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	
                                                              hazardous conditions
                                                           •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions




                                                   diamond driller                                                / 33
arEa oF coMpEtENcE F                                                           /           use Hand and power tools




 taSK F 3         use hand and power tools
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      Very important

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   Follow operating procedures                       •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	
                                                            and recommended operating procedures
                                                         •	 Follow	company	policies	and	procedures	for:
                                                            - start-up
                                                            - operation
                                                            - shut-down
                                                            - disconnection
                                                            - use and/or replacement of attachments

 (e)   Maintain tools                                    •	 Clean	tools	before	returning	to	storage,	including:
                                                            - remove oil, grease or moisture from tools,
                                                               attachments and hoses
                                                            - use cleaning solvents if required
                                                         •	 Inspect	tools	for	damage
                                                         •	 Replace	worn	components,	e.g.,	dull	drill	bits,	
                                                            saw blades
                                                         •	 Check	safety	components:
                                                            - check guards for damage
                                                            - ensure fail-safe features work
                                                         •	 Store	in	appropriate	designated	place




34 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                           /           operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 1          operate chainsaws
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   prepare to work with chainsaw                     •	 Isolate	area	to	ensure	safe	working	conditions,	e.g.,	
                                                            inspect workplace for unauthorized personnel and/
                                                            or equipment
                                                         •	 Use	appropriate	PPE,	including:	
                                                            - protective pants/chaps
                                                            - chain saw gloves
                                                            - safety boots
                                                            - face shield
                                                            - hard hat
                                                            - ear protection
                                                         •	 Identify	escape	route	in	case	of	emergency,	establish	
                                                            a safe retreat

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using chainsaws      •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
                                                         •	   Complete	required	training
                                                         •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                         •	   Use	safety	features
                                                         •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (c)   perform pre-operational checks                    •	 Inspect	principal	components,	including:	
                                                            - chain
                                                            - brake/guard
                                                            - throttle
                                                            - spark arrestors
                                                            - exhaust system
                                                            - pull cord
                                                            - chassis
                                                            - shut-off switch
                                                         •	 Check:
                                                            - chain tension
                                                            - fluid levels

 (d)   Start up chainsaw                                 •	   Position	chainsaw	for	start	up
                                                         •	   Activate	switch
                                                         •	   Choke/prime	carburetor	as	required
                                                         •	   Pull	start	cord



                                                 diamond driller                                                / 35
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                       /            operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 1         operate chainsaws
 Frequency:       rarely
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)   conduct operational checks                    •	 Check:
                                                        - brake/guard
                                                        - throttle
                                                        - chain lubrication

 (f)   operate chainsaw                              •	 Follow	procedures	for:	
                                                        - cutting:
                                                            − notching
                                                            − back-cutting
                                                        - falling
                                                        - de-limbing
                                                     •	 Work	within	the	limitations	of	chain	saw
                                                     •	 Watch	for	dangerous	trees	or	limbs	(“widow-makers”)

 (g)   Maintain chainsaw                             •	 Check	fluid	levels	and	chain	tension
                                                     •	 Check	for	visual	defects
                                                     •	 Lubricate	and	sharpen	chain

 (h)   perform post-operational checks               •	   Clean	saw
                                                     •	   Ensure	bar	is	aligned	and	free	of	visual	defects
                                                     •	   Ensure	required	chain	tension
                                                     •	   Store	in	designated	location	with	chain	cover	
                                                          in place




36 /                                     National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                            /           operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 2          operate pumps
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe pumps                                     •	 Types	include:
                                                             - piston pumps
                                                             - plunger pumps, e.g., grout pump
                                                             - centrifugal pumps, e.g., trash or volume pump
                                                             - screw pump, e.g., Moyno pump
                                                             - diaphragm pump
                                                          •	 May	be	powered	by	gas,	diesel,	hydraulic,	air	or	
                                                             electric motors

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                      •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (c)   Set up pump                                        •	 Identify	components	required,	including:
                                                             - pumps
                                                             - water heaters
                                                             - suction/discharge hoses
                                                             - pressure relief valve
                                                          •	 Identify	location(s)	of	set-up	and	route	
                                                             to location(s):
                                                             - use references to confirm location(s), including:
                                                                 − maps
                                                                 − layouts
                                                                 − charts
                                                                 − instructions
                                                          •	 Place	equipment	at	predetermined	location(s)




                                                  diamond driller                                                / 37
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                      /          operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 2         operate pumps
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                          SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   conduct pre-operational checks               •	 Check	fuel	tank	and	fluid	levels
                                                    •	 Check	principal	components,	including:	
                                                       - drain plugs
                                                       - pressure-rate fittings
                                                       - belts
                                                       - hoses
                                                       - spark arrestors
                                                    •	 Check:
                                                       - heating systems
                                                       - exhaust systems
                                                       - directions of exhaust flow
                                                    •	 Inspect:
                                                       - pressure relief valve
                                                       - housing
                                                       - guards
                                                       - safety devices

 (e)   Start up pump                                •	 Activate	power	source
                                                    •	 Check	discharge	pressure

 (f)   operate pump                                 •	 Control:
                                                       - volume
                                                       - temperature
                                                       - pressure
                                                       - direction of flow from discharge lines

 (g)   Monitor pump operation                       •	 Check	for:
                                                       - leaks and unusual odours
                                                       - excessive vibration
                                                    •	 Listen	for	unusual	noises,	including	pressure	relief	
                                                       valve operation
                                                    •	 Check:
                                                       - gauges
                                                       - fluid supply




38 /                                    National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                            /           operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 2          operate pumps
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (h)   Shut down pump                                     •	 De-energize	power	sources	
                                                          •	 Drain	equipment	as	required

 (i)   refuel pump                                        •	 Shut	off	equipment,	if	required:
                                                             equipment can run if using a remote fuel tank
                                                          •	 Monitor	ventilation	levels
                                                          •	 Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials
                                                          •	 Respond	to	spills	

 (i)   perform maintenance and adjustments                •	   Lubricate	equipment	and	attachments
                                                          •	   Ensure	guards	are	in	place
                                                          •	   Maintain	fluid	levels
                                                          •	   Replace	worn	belts	and	hoses



 taSK G 3          operate generators
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe generators                                •	 Used	to	generate	electricity	in	remote	areas
                                                          •	 Available	in	different	sizes	and	styles	depending	
                                                             on required output
                                                          •	 Three	types	of	portable	generators:
                                                             - diesel driven
                                                             - gas driven
                                                             - air driven (used in underground environments)

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                      •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




                                                  diamond driller                                                 / 39
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                         /          operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 3         operate generators
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   perform pre-operational checks                  •	 Check:
                                                          - fuel and lubricant levels
                                                          - wires and grounding
                                                          - belts and hoses
                                                          - exhaust systems and spark arrestors
                                                          - direction of exhaust flow
                                                       •	 Set	up	equipment,	ensuring	it	is	secure	and	on	a	flat,	
                                                          level base

 (d)   operate generator under no load conditions      •	 Start	up	engine
                                                       •	 Operate	generator	under	no	load	conditions
                                                       •	 Monitor	ventilation	levels

 (e)   conduct operational checks on generator         •	 Switch	on	breaker
       under load                                      •	 Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                       •	 Check	for:
                                                          - unusual smells
                                                          - vibrations
                                                       •	 Monitor:
                                                          - generator gauges
                                                          - ventilation levels
                                                       •	 Visually	check	wiring	and	grounding

 (f)   Shut down generator                             •	 Ensure	breaker	is	switched	off
                                                       •	 Shut	off	engine	and/or	energy	supply

 (g)   refuel generator                                •	   Monitor	ventilation
                                                       •	   Shut	off	engine
                                                       •	   Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials
                                                       •	   Respond	to	spills

 (h)   perform maintenance and adjustments             •	   Lubricate	equipment
       on generator                                    •	   Maintain	fluid	levels
                                                       •	   Repair	leaks	immediately
                                                       •	   Replace	belts	and	hoses




40 /                                       National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                             /          operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 4          operate mixers
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe mixers                                    •	 Used	to	mix	fluids	in	holding	tanks
                                                          •	 Available	in	different	sizes	and	styles	
                                                          •	 Types	of	mixers	include:
                                                             - prop/arbour/submersible
                                                             - venturi
                                                             - colloïdal
                                                             - paddle

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                      •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (c)   inspect workplace                                  •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                             conditions
                                                          •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (d)   perform pre-operational checks                     •	 Determine	proper	power	source
                                                          •	 Check:
                                                             - fuel and/or lubricant levels
                                                             - hoses
                                                             - exhaust systems and spark arrestors
                                                             - direction of exhaust flow, if applicable
                                                          •	 Set	up	equipment,	ensuring	it	is	secure	and	on	a	flat,	
                                                             level base

 (e)   operate mixer and conduct operational checks       •	   Start	mixer
                                                          •	   Monitor	ventilation	levels
                                                          •	   Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                          •	   Check	for	vibrations

 (f)   Shut down mixer                                    •	 Shut	off	engine	and/or	energy	supply




                                                  diamond driller                                                / 41
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                             /           operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 4          operate mixers
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (g)   refuel mixer                                        •	   Monitor	ventilation
                                                           •	   Shut	off	engine
                                                           •	   Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials
                                                           •	   Respond	to	spills

 (h)   perform maintenance and adjustments on mixer        •	 Lubricate	equipment
                                                           •	 Maintain	fluid	levels



 taSK G 5          operate recycling systems
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe recycling systems                          •	 Used	to	remove	solids	from	drilling	fluids
                                                           •	 Available	in	different	sizes	and	styles	
                                                           •	 Types	of	recyclers	include:
                                                              - filter type
                                                              - centrifuge
                                                              - settling
                                                              - cyclone

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools            •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                       •	   Complete	required	training
                                                           •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                           •	   Use	safety	features
                                                           •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (c)   inspect workplace                                   •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                              conditions
                                                           •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions




42 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                           /           operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 5          operate recycling systems
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   perform pre-operational checks                   •	 Determine	proper	power	source
                                                        •	 Check:
                                                           - fuel and/or lubricant levels
                                                           - hoses
                                                           - exhaust systems and spark arrestors
                                                           - direction of exhaust flow, if applicable
                                                        •	 Set	up	equipment,	ensuring	it	is	secure	and	on	a	flat,	
                                                           level base

 (e)   operate recycler and conduct operational checks •	    Start	recycler
                                                       •	    Monitor	ventilation	levels	
                                                       •	    Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                       •	    Check	for	vibrations
                                                       •	    Monitor	for	effectiveness,	e.g.,	removal	of	cuttings	

 (f)   Shut down recycler                               •	 Shut	off	engine	and/or	energy	supply

 (g)   refuel recycler                                  •	   Monitor	ventilation
                                                        •	   Shut	off	engine
                                                        •	   Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials
                                                        •	   Respond	to	spills

 (h)   perform maintenance and adjustments              •	 Lubricate	equipment
       on recycler                                      •	 Maintain	fluid	levels
                                                        •	 Replace	damaged	hoses




                                               diamond driller                                                   / 43
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                            /          operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 6          operate winch
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe winching system                           •	 Used	to	hoist	or	haul	loads	
                                                          •	 Consists	of	stationary	turning	drum	wrapped	with	
                                                             chain, cable or rope which is attached to the load
                                                             being moved
                                                          •	 Available	in	different	sizes	and	capacities

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                      •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor
                                                          •	   Keep	cable	rolled	on	winch	when	not	hauling	a	load

 (c)   inspect workplace                                  •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                             conditions
                                                          •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (d)   conduct pre-operational inspection                 •	 Check	condition	of:
                                                             - winch roller
                                                             - cable
                                                             - hooks
                                                             - shackles
                                                             - cable clamps
                                                          •	 Check	condition	of	cable,	chains	or	rope:
                                                             - cable free of frays and burns
                                                             - hook is not twisted and free of cracks
                                                             - chain links are not broken
                                                          •	 Check	alignment	of	cable,	chains	or	rope	on	drum;	
                                                             should be free of kinks

 (e)   conduct operational check                          •	 Start	winch	motor:
                                                             - check cable and winch components
                                                             - check for excessive play in controls
                                                             - conduct visual check for leaks




44 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                 /           operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 6         operate winch
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                      SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)   operate winch                            •	 Ensure	winch,	cable,	chains	or	rope	and	sling	can	
                                                   handle load, check rating if available
                                                •	 Ensure	cable,	chains	or	rope	is	rated	for	load:
                                                   - use proper size and type of cable
                                                •	 Ensure	load	is	properly	aligned	with	hoisting	
                                                   equipment before winching
                                                •	 Winch	in	as	straight	a	line	as	possible
                                                •	 Control	pay-out	of	cable:
                                                   - keep several cable wraps on drum
                                                •	 Keep	a	safe	distance	away	from	cable,	chain	or	rope	
                                                   that has a load in tow
                                                •	 Do	not	handle	cable	while	it	is	reeling	back	on	to	the	
                                                   drum/spool of winch
                                                •	 Move	load	to	desired	location	and	disconnect	from	
                                                   cable, chains or rope
                                                •	 Rewind	cable,	chains	or	rope	onto	winch	drum

 (g)   conduct post-operational check           •	 Check	cable	condition
                                                •	 Ensure	cable	is	completely	wound	on	drum
                                                •	 Identify	any	hazardous	or	operational	problems:
                                                   - lock out and tag out if required
                                                •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (h)   Maintain winch                           •	 Repair	deficiencies	
                                                •	 Conduct	maintenance	as	required,	e.g.,	condition	
                                                   cable with recommended oil




                                        diamond driller                                               / 45
arEa oF coMpEtENcE G                                                  /        operate Ser vice Equipment




 taSK G 7          Maintain hoses
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                      SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe hoses                           •	 Water	hose:
                                                   - commonly used to supply drill with water or wash
                                                       the headings or rock face
                                                   - usually made of rubber
                                                   - comes in various sizes, usually 1 inch diameter
                                                •	 Air	hose:
                                                   - used for low/high air pressure applications, e.g.,
                                                       pneumatic tools
                                                   - usually made of rubberized material
                                                •	 Special	application	hoses,	e.g.,	propane	hoses	used	
                                                   on propane tanks

 (b)   use hoses                                •	 Inspect	hoses	to	ensure	they	are	not	damaged
                                                •	 Turn	on	air	or	water	slowly	to	detect	any	
                                                   unnoticed damage
                                                •	 Do	not	let	hose	become	a	tripping	hazard
                                                •	 Protect	hoses	from	falling	muck
                                                •	 When	using	air	hoses:
                                                   - ensure clear of muck, debris, or water before
                                                       connecting to a piece of equipment
                                                   - use whip check when attaching air hoses to
                                                       diamond drills
                                                •	 When	using	water	hoses:
                                                   - be aware of sudden surges of pressure in water
                                                       hoses caused by air locks

 (c)   repair hoses                             •	 Use	correct	fittings	for	hoses:
                                                   - joiners
                                                   - ends
                                                •	 Use	clamps	to	secure	hose	to	fitting:
                                                   - select correct size
                                                   - use correct number of clamps for size of hose
                                                   - punch to ensure secure connection
                                                   - be careful not to cut hose
                                                •	 Discard	damaged	propane	hoses




46 /                                National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE H                                                            /                           lift loads




 taSK H 1          plan lift
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   obtain authorization to operate lifting equipment, •	 Comply	with	legislation	and	company	policies	
       e.g., overhead crane                                  and procedures
                                                          •	 Take	recognized	training	to	obtain	certification	
                                                             and/or qualification
                                                          •	 Ensure	certification/recertification	has	been	
                                                             completed
                                                          •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	
                                                             or updated to do

 (b)   Select equipment                                    •	 Use	only	certified	rated	rigging	equipment	
                                                           •	 Select	appropriate	type	of	lifting	equipment	for	load:	
                                                              - Match capacity of lifting equipment to load
                                                              - determine attachments to be used such as
                                                                 hooks, chains or slings (wire, rope, nylon)
                                                              - determine appropriate anchor to be used
                                                           •	 Identify	site	for	lifting	equipment
                                                           •	 Establish	daily	log-book	for	overhead	cranes	

 (c)   prepare workplace for lift                          •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                              conditions, e.g., people working in area
                                                           •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions
                                                           •	 Secure	area	as	required	following	all	acts,	
                                                              regulations and company procedures
                                                           •	 Activate	all	necessary	warning	devices	
                                                           •	 Ensure	power	source	
                                                           •	 Ensure	all	necessary	communication	systems	are	in	
                                                              place and functional
                                                           •	 Ensure	adequate	ventilation	and	lighting	
                                                           •	 Use	fall	arrest	system,	if	applicable




                                                 diamond driller                                                 / 47
arEa oF coMpEtENcE H                                                              /                             lift loads




 taSK H 2          operate lifting equipment
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe rigging and lifting equipment               •	 Lifting	equipment:
                                                               - used to hold and support an object being lifted
                                                               - may include hooks (complete with safety latches)
                                                                    and/or slings or chains specific to lifting
                                                               - attached to an existing or temporary beam,
                                                                    called an anchor
                                                               - designed to a maximum load capacity according
                                                                    to engineering specifications for safety
                                                               - power-operated devices may have over-wind
                                                                    protection
                                                               - safety inspections and testing procedures
                                                                    recorded in log book and retained for inspection
                                                               - operator may require fall arrest protection
                                                            •	 Chain	blocks:
                                                               - used to lift heavy objects
                                                               - parts include chains and gears
                                                               - gears are enclosed in a metal case
                                                               - chain	hangs	along	one	side	of	the	casing;	pulling	
                                                                    chain in one direction lifts a load and pulling it in
                                                                    the opposite direction lowers the load
                                                            •	 Come-a-long:
                                                               - used to lift heavy objects
                                                               - similar to chain block, but generally cannot lift as
                                                                    heavy a load as a chain block
                                                               - lever handle is moved back and forth to either
                                                                    elevate or lower the load
                                                               - ratchet lever controls direction of the cable, up
                                                                    or down

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools             •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                        •	   Complete	required	training
                                                            •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                            •	   Use	safety	features
                                                            •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




48 /                                            National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE H                                                        /                           lift loads




 taSK H 2         operate lifting equipment
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                            SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment   •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                         around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                      •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions

 (d)   perform pre-operational checks on              •	 Check	power	source	and	fluid	levels
       lifting mechanisms                             •	 Follow	lubricating	procedures
                                                      •	 Inspect	principal	components,	including:
                                                         - guards
                                                         - cable(s)
                                                         - cable guides
                                                         - sprockets
                                                         - chains
                                                         - block
                                                         - drum
                                                         - hook and safety latches
                                                         - slings and hardware
                                                         - main disconnect
                                                         - limit switches
                                                         - directional controls
                                                         - stop-start switches
                                                         - remote control
                                                      •	 Check:
                                                         - lighting
                                                         - warning and communication systems
                                                         - fall protection, including: fall-arrest or
                                                             travel-restraint system
                                                      •	 Inspect/test	braking	system

 (e)   Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment   •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                         around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                      •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions




                                              diamond driller                                               / 49
arEa oF coMpEtENcE H                                                             /                           lift loads




 taSK H 2          operate lifting equipment
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)   conduct operational checks                          •	   Check	for	clearances	and	activity	in	the	area
                                                           •	   Activate	power	sources
                                                           •	   Operate	audio	and/or	visual	communication	system
                                                           •	   Monitor	equipment	operation,	gauges	and	load	limits
                                                           •	   Test	brakes

 (g)   Shut down lifting mechanism(s)                      •	   Ground	loads
                                                           •	   Set	brake
                                                           •	   Remove/secure	loads
                                                           •	   Remove	slinging	components	and	accessories
                                                           •	   Shut	off	power	supply
                                                           •	   Perform	post-operational	checks

 (h)   Store lifting equipment                             •	 Inspect	equipment	for	defects:
                                                              - remove and tag out any defective equipment
                                                           •	 Store	slinging	equipment	in	designated/approved	
                                                              area according to manufacturer’s specifications
                                                           •	 Protect	lifting	equipment,	e.g.,	park	overhead	cranes



 taSK H 3          rig and secure load
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   obtain authorization to rig loads                   •	 Comply	with	legislation	and	company	policies	
                                                              and procedures
                                                           •	 Take	recognized	training	to	obtain	certification	
                                                              and/or qualification
                                                           •	 Ensure	certification/recertification	has	been	
                                                              completed
                                                           •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	
                                                              or updated to do




50 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE H                                                      /                            lift loads




 taSK H 3            rig and secure load
 Frequency:          regularly
 Importance:         High

 SUB-TASK:                                         SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   rig load                                    •	 Types	of	rigging	equipment	includes:
                                                      - nylon slings and chains
                                                      - shackles
                                                      - hooks and/or tag line
                                                      - hoisting plugs
                                                      - weight indication devices
                                                   •	 Determine:
                                                      - size/shape/weight of load
                                                      - site conditions
                                                   •	 Select	appropriate	rigging	equipment	for	load	
                                                   •	 Attach	selected	rigging	equipment	
                                                   •	 Inspect	lifting	equipment	for	wear	and	tear
                                                   •	 Avoid	pinch	points

 (c)   report deficiencies to supervisor           •	 Remove	and	tag	out	any	defective	equipment	
                                                   •	 Report	defect	to	appropriate	authority
                                                   •	 Document	deficiencies

 (d)   Secure load                                 •	   Centre	and	balance	load
                                                   •	   Use	attachments	to	maintain	balance
                                                   •	   Place	shims,	fillers	and	spacers	to	secure	load	
                                                   •	   Ensure	load	is	free	of	all	equipment	such	as	hoses,	
                                                        cables and other tools



 taSK H 4            Make the lift
 Frequency:          regularly
 Importance:         High

 SUB-TASK:                                         SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Ensure safety of self and others            •	   Ensure	adequate	clearances
                                                   •	   Secure	area	using	guards,	e.g.,	banners,	barricades
                                                   •	   Activate	alarms
                                                   •	   Notify	personnel	in	area




                                           diamond driller                                                     / 51
arEa oF coMpEtENcE H                                                         /                        lift loads




 taSK H 4          Make the lift
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   use hand signals to direct lift               •	   Know	hand	signal	codes
                                                     •	   Identify	signaller
                                                     •	   Stand	in	line	of	sight	of	lift	operator
                                                     •	   Stand	clear	of	load

 (c)   test lift                                     •	 Check	load	limit	of	equipment
                                                     •	 Raise	load	about	1	foot	and	check	for	twists/
                                                        pinches in:
                                                        - rigging
                                                        - slings
                                                        - hitches
                                                        - chains
                                                        - hooks
                                                     •	 Verify	that	load	is	balanced	and	can	be	handled	

 (d)   place, move and secure load                   •	 Communicate	with	others	using	hand	and	verbal
                                                        signals and audible communication (e.g. horns
                                                        or alarms)
                                                     •	 Stand	clear	of	suspended	loads
                                                     •	 Control	load:
                                                        - lift load slowly, steadying with tag line
                                                        - move load in one direction only
                                                        - ensure clear path for load travel
                                                        - keep load as close to ground as possible
                                                        - keep load clear from operating equipment
                                                     •	 Respond	to	hazards	of	suspended	load
                                                     •	 Ensure	area	is	clear	before	lowering	load	
                                                     •	 Position	blocks	under	load	only	after	motion	
                                                        has stopped
                                                     •	 Release	load




52 /                                     National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE I                                                             /      interpret layouts/drill Hole plan




 taSK I 1           interpret layouts/drill hole plan
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    interpret standard symbols, plans gridlines         •	 Read	and	determine	the	following:
                                                               - hole number
                                                               - azimuth
                                                               - dip/inclination
                                                               - northing
                                                               - easting
                                                               - elevation
                                                               - depth
                                                               - target
                                                               - hole survey

 (b)    identify and respond to safety notices              •		 Respond	to	safety	notice	situations,	including:
                                                                - hazardous gases
                                                                - breakthroughs
                                                                - remote drilling area
                                                                - geological structure
                                                                - high water pressure and flow
                                                            •		 Respond	appropriately:
                                                                - install guards
                                                                - communicate situation to others
                                                                - monitor situation for indicators of potential
                                                                   problems indicated on safety notices

 (c)    use layout(s)/drill hole plan                       •	 Set	up	drill	using	tools	such	as:
                                                               - global positioning systems (GpS)
                                                               - scales
                                                               - lasers
                                                               - tapes
                                                               - plumb lines
                                                               - protractors
                                                               - levels
                                                               - rulers
                                                            •	 Verify	work	is	progressing	according	to	plans	
                                                               and specifications
                                                            •	 Use	measuring	devices	such	as:
                                                               - down hole survey tools



                                                    diamond driller                                                / 53
arEa oF coMpEtENcE J                                                            /           recover and Handle core




 taSK J 1           recover core sample
 Frequency:         Frequently
 Importance:        High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    remove core sample from core tube                 •	 Remove	latch	head	assembly
                                                          •	 Place	top	end	of	core	tube	in	tray	or	core	box	be	
                                                             careful not to damage tube
                                                          •	 Remove	core	from	tube
                                                          •	 Ensure	all	core	has	been	removed	from	inner	tube

 (b)    place core in core box tray                       •	 Place	core	in	core	box	tray	starting	from	top	left	
                                                             corner of the tray:
                                                             - fill each successive groove to the right from top
                                                                to bottom
                                                             - match core and indicate depth with a marked
                                                                core block
                                                             - ensure core is clean and free of any
                                                                contaminants
                                                          •	 Clean	out	tube	with	running	water	
                                                          •	 Visually	inspect	tube	for	any	defects

 (c)    prepare core box(es) for transportation           •	 Secure	box(es)
                                                          •	 Identify	box(es)	by	marking	with	the	required	
                                                             information inside and outside
                                                          •	 Seal	box(es),	using	approved	method,	e.g.,	fasten	
                                                             with haywire, tape, rubber bands, screws or nails,
                                                             fibre filament tape
                                                          •	 Take	core	box(es)	to	designated	area




54 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE J                                                        /             recover and Handle core




 taSK J 2          prepare and maintain core tube assembly
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    identify components of core tube assembly       •	 Components	vary	but	may	include:	
                                                           - inner tube
                                                           - inner tube extension, as required
                                                           - latch head assembly
                                                           - lifter case assembly

 (b)    prepare core tube assembly                      •	 Attach	latch	head	to	inner	tube
                                                        •	 Check	lifter	case	assembly	and	attach	to	inner	tube,	
                                                           if required

 (c)    Maintain core tube assembly                     •	 Check	outside	of	tube	visually	for	defects,	such	as	
                                                           burrs, bends, flattened threads, etc.
                                                        •	 Inspect:	
                                                           - inner tube assembly for wear, e.g., check threads,
                                                              look for damage, such as bulged tube
                                                           - latch head assembly
                                                        •	 Grease	latch	head	assembly
                                                        •	 Notify	driller	if	tube	is	damaged	or	defective




                                                diamond driller                                             / 55
arEa oF coMpEtENcE K                                                             /          Grout diamond drill Holes




 taSK K 1          Grout diamond drill holes
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Select grouting equipment                           •	 Identify	grouting	equipment	needed,	including:	
                                                              - pump
                                                              - pressure rated hoses
                                                              - plugs
                                                              - mixing equipment
                                                              - grout type
                                                              - additives

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools            •	 Be	responsible	for	personal	safety:
       and equipment                                          - use appropriate ppE, including dust mask and/
                                                                 or face shield
                                                           •	 Complete	required	training
                                                           •	 Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                           •	 Use	safety	features
                                                           •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (c)   inspect workplace                                   •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                              conditions
                                                           •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (d)   perform pre-operational checks on grouting          •	 Check:
       equipment with controls in neutral position            - power source
                                                              - fluid levels
                                                              - pressure rated hoses
                                                           •	 Inspect:
                                                              - pumps
                                                              - gauges
                                                              - principal components, including guards and
                                                                 controls
                                                           •	 Lubricate	grease	fittings

 (e)   Start up grouting equipment                         •	 Activate	power	source




56 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE K                                                        /            Grout diamond drill Holes




 taSK K 1         Grout diamond drill holes
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)   conduct operational checks on grouting           •	 Monitor	gauges	and	meters,	including:	
       equipment                                           - oil
                                                           - pump pressure
                                                           - system pressure
                                                        •	 Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                        •	 Check	hoses

 (g)   perform grouting                                 •	 Prepare	grout	mixture,	including:	
                                                           - cement
                                                           - chemicals
                                                           - water
                                                           - additives
                                                        •	 Mix	to	prescribed	ratios
                                                        •	 Install	grout	plugs	when	required
                                                        •	 Pump	grout	mixture	into	the	hole	as	specified

 (h)   Maintain grouting equipment                      •	 Flush	grouting	system
                                                        •	 Check:
                                                           - controls
                                                           - lubrication
                                                           - general conditions of pump
                                                           - mixing tank
                                                           - hoses and gauges for worn/defective
                                                               components

 (i)   tear down and store grouting equipment           •	 Disconnect	power	sources
                                                        •	 Clean	all	equipment
                                                        •	 Store	equipment	in	designated/approved	area




                                                diamond driller                                              / 57
arEa oF coMpEtENcE L                                                           /                    Be professional




 taSK L 1         Work in a team environment
 Frequency:       Frequently
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   communicate effectively                           •	 Speak	clearly;	express	thoughts	clearly
                                                         •	 Listen	carefully
                                                         •	 Ask	questions	to	clarify	understanding
                                                         •	 Accommodate	each	other’s	communication	needs,	
                                                            e.g., language differences
                                                         •	 Report	all	shift	details	and	problems	honestly

 (b)   respect team members                              •	 Understand	requirements	for	the	job	
                                                         •	 Understand	chain	of	command
                                                         •	 Clarify	roles	and	responsibilities
                                                         •	 Be	able	to	give/receive	instructions,	feedback,	
                                                            suggestions
                                                         •	 Select	team	members	with	care	whenever	possible
                                                         •	 Cooperate	with	each	other:
                                                            - need to be able to trust one another and rely
                                                               upon each other

 (c)   respect each others’ personal space               •	 Be	aware	that	work	environment	and	working	
                                                            conditions require spending prolonged periods of
                                                            time together
                                                         •	 Be	tolerant	of	others’	behaviours	and	personalities

 (d)   Be professional                                   •	 Consider	yourself	an	ambassador	for	the	industry	
                                                            and the company
                                                         •	 Show	up	to	work	on	time
                                                         •	 Demonstrate	a	strong	work	ethic
                                                         •	 Be	honest
                                                         •	 Be	willing	to	learn	from	others;	be	willing	to	
                                                            mentor others
                                                         •	 Be	patient
                                                         •	 Respect	safety	and	legislative	requirements	




58 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE L                                                              /                       Be professional




 taSK L 2          Work in a culturally diverse environment
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   respect religious/cultural practices of co-           •	 Show	interest	in	others,	e.g.,	ask	about	work	
       workers and local populations                            experience, family

 (b)   respect social differences                            •	 Be	a	role	model	for	others
                                                             •	 Be	patient
                                                             •	 Be	open-minded	



 taSK L 3          Maintain good community relations
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   consider yourself an ambassador for the industry •	 Recognize	that	personal	behaviour	affects	public	
       and the company                                     perception of employer

 (b)   respect/protect the environment                       •	 Mining/drilling	are	perceived	as	invasive	activities
                                                             •	 Comply	with	legislation,	regulations,	land-use	
                                                                agreements, environmental plans

 (c)   Support local businesses                              •	 Buy	supplies	locally


 (d)   attend local events                                   •	 Attend	local	functions	sponsored	by	company/client




                                                     diamond driller                                                / 59
arEa oF coMpEtENcE M                                                              /                         Work Safely




 SurfaCe

 taSK M 1          Work safely around aircraft
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Work safely around helicopters                       •	 Wear	hard	hats	with	straps,	ear	muffs	and	goggles
                                                            •	 Be	aware	of	potential	hazards,	e.g.,	power	of	rotary	
                                                               wash, debris, rotors
                                                            •	 Carry	tools	and	equipment	at	or	below	waist	level	
                                                            •	 Use	established	hand	signals	or	radio	to	
                                                               communicate with pilot
                                                            •	 Take	appropriate	training,	e.g.	rigging	and	slinging,	
                                                               hand signals, radio communications
                                                            •	 Keep	within	visual	range	of	pilot

 (b)   Work safely around fixed wing aircraft               •	 Keep	clear	of	propellers,	do	not	walk	under	wings
                                                            •	 Do	not	walk	ahead	on	float	of	a	float	plane	until	pilot	
                                                               signals it is safe to do so
                                                            •	 Comply	with	safe	loading	and	unloading	procedures:
                                                               - use properly designed ramps
                                                               - follow instructions of pilot
                                                               - lift safely
                                                            •	 Use	established	hand	signals	or	radio	to	
                                                               communicate with pilot
                                                            •	 Take	appropriate	training,	e.g.	hand	signals,	
                                                               radio communications



 taSK M 2          Work safely around watercraft
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   comply with watercraft legislation, regulations      •	 Ensure	watercraft	meets	federal	standards
       and company policies and procedures                  •	 Ensure	personnel	operating	boat	has	applicable	
                                                               operator’s certification
                                                            •	 Ensure	watercraft	is	equipped	with	required	safety	
                                                               equipment
                                                            •	 Ensure	adequate	personnel	floatation	devices	are	
                                                               available for the number of people on boat




60 /                                            National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE M                                                            /                         Work Safely




 taSK M 2          Work safely around watercraft
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   Work safely around watercraft                       •	 Ensure	dock	has	capacity	for	watercraft,	e.g.,	size,	
                                                              depth of water
                                                           •	 Comply	with	safe	loading	and	unloading	procedures:
                                                              - use properly designed ramps
                                                              - lift safely
                                                           •	 Ensure	load	does	not	exceed	rated	capacity	of	
                                                              watercraft
                                                           •	 Distribute	load	evenly	to	prevent	tipping
                                                           •	 Monitor	weather	conditions	before	and	during	trip



 taSK M 3          prevent forest fires around work site
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   comply with government regulations                  •	 Comply	with	fire	restrictions
                                                           •	 Check	fire	hazard	ratings

 (b)   Minimize potential for fire                         •	 Remove	flammable	materials	around	camp	and	
                                                              store correctly
                                                           •	 Keep	equipment	clean,	e.g.,	motors
                                                           •	 Remove	debris	around	work	site	and	camp
                                                           •	 Comply	with	operational	restrictions,	such	as:
                                                              - use of spark arrestors on equipment
                                                              - restrictions on hours of operation
                                                              - restrictions of off-road activities
                                                              - use of specific travel routes
                                                              - maintain inventory of forest fire fighting
                                                                  equipment as required by regulations, (e.g., water
                                                                  packs/pails, shovels, axes, picks) especially
                                                                  during summer months




                                                   diamond driller                                              / 61
arEa oF coMpEtENcE M                                                         /                        Work Safely




 taSK M 4          use open-flame equipment safely
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   operate open-flame equipment                    •	 Types	of	open-flame	equipment	includes:
                                                          - acetylene torch
                                                          - tiger torch
                                                          - coil stove
                                                          - diesel heater and stove
                                                       •	 Follow	manufacturers	instructions	for	use,	
                                                          for example:
                                                          - use for intended purpose only
                                                          - wear required ppE
                                                          - follow lighting and extinguishing procedures
                                                          - follow re-fuelling procedures, including
                                                              use of correct type of fuel
                                                          - adhere to maintenance procedures
                                                              and inspections

 (b)   Follow safety protocols                         •	   Light	in	well-ventilated	area
                                                       •	   Do	not	alter	or	modify	equipment
                                                       •	   Have	appropriate	fire	extinguisher	available
                                                       •	   Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials




62 /                                       National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                         /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 1          operate mobile equipment safely off-road
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   comply with operating restrictions               •	 Follow	regulations,	restrictions	and/or	contractual	
                                                           agreements for travel ways
                                                        •	 Stay	on	the	designated	route

 (b)   operate on rough terrain                         •	 Keep	clear	of	large	rocks	or	stumps	that	could	
                                                           damage vehicle/equipment or upset load
                                                        •	 Keep	vehicle/equipment	perpendicular	to	the	
                                                           grade when traversing slopes
                                                        •	 Use	rigid	tow	bars	when	towing	on	slopes
                                                        •	 Ensure	traction	can	be	maintained	in	icy	or	
                                                           muddy conditions:
                                                           - adjust size of load if necessary

 (c)   operate in muskeg/swamp                          •	 Follow	edge	of	swamp	areas	whenever	possible
                                                        •	 Ensure	bog	can	hold	weight	of	vehicle/equipment,	
                                                           if necessary to cross a swamp
                                                        •	 Keep	number	of	trips	over	swamp	to	a	minimum,	
                                                           if necessary reduce size of load in tow
                                                        •	 Ensure	roadways	have	been	prepared	in	advance	
                                                           and are sufficiently frozen and stay on designated
                                                           routes during winter

 (d)   cross bridges                                    •	 Check	bridge	before	crossing	for:
                                                           - weight capacity
                                                           - width
                                                           - height capacity
                                                           - overhead obstructions
                                                           - condition




                                               diamond driller                                                / 63
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                            /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 1           operate mobile equipment safely off-road
 Frequency:         Frequently
 Importance:        High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)   travel over ice                                    •	 Ensure	ice	has	been	tested	and	is	adequate	for	the	
                                                             load first
                                                          •	 Implement	best	practice	for	building	and	working	
                                                             safely on ice covers, as per company procedures,
                                                             for example:
                                                             - monitor and document the ice conditions on a
                                                                 daily basis
                                                             - follow routes that have been prepared in advance
                                                             - operate at posted speeds, reduce speed
                                                             - displace total weight over larger area when towing
                                                                 a load
                                                             - wear appropriate ppE, e.g., personal floatation
                                                                 device, sunglasses
                                                          •	 Prepare	vehicle	using	approved	devices



 taSK N 2           operate skidders
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   obtain authorization to operate skidder            •	 Comply	with	legislation	and	company	policies	and	
                                                             procedures
                                                          •	 Take	recognized	training
                                                          •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	or	
                                                             updated to do

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                      •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (c)   Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment       •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                             around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                          •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions




64 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                               /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 2          operate skidders
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                     SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   inspect workplace                       •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	
                                                  hazardous conditions
                                               •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (e)   conduct pre-operational check           •	 Check	for	fluid	leaks	under	unit
                                               •	 Inspect	levels	of	oils,	coolant,	and	fuel	
                                               •	 Inspect	condition	of:
                                                  - fuel tank for leaks
                                                  - belts, hoses, clamps, filters
                                                  - radiator and cover screen for damage,
                                                     leaks, blockages
                                                  - tires and wheels for damage, pressure, loose nuts
                                                  - battery, terminals, connection, cell, caps, box
                                                     or hold-down
                                                  - all wires for fraying, insulation, connection
                                                  - fire extinguishers and first aid kit
                                                  - bolts and connections
                                                  - guards and shields
                                                  - winch and winch components
                                                  - chains adjustment on tires
                                                  - frame and blade for cracks or other damage
                                                  - handholds, steps, door handle, hinges
                                                  - seat belt
                                               •	 Record	pre-operational	checks	in	log	book

 (f)   Start skidder                           •	 Mount	skidder	using	3-point	contact
                                               •	 Adjust	and	fasten	seat	belt
                                               •	 Start	according	to	manufacturer’s	specifications
                                               •	 Check	gauges
                                               •	 Operate	equipment	when	coolant	reaches	
                                                  correct temperature
                                               •	 In	cold	weather,	warm	up	engine	before	
                                                  moving equipment




                                       diamond driller                                               / 65
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                          /           operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 2         operate skidders
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (g)   conduct operational checks                       •	 Check	gauges	for	normal	readings
                                                        •	 Monitor	brakes	and	steering	for	problems	or	
                                                           deficiencies
                                                        •	 Watch	for	fluid	leaks
                                                        •	 Check	back	up	alarm

 (h)   operate skidder to move equipment,               •	 Travel	at	speed	appropriate	to	terrain;	use	proper	
       and material                                        gear for the task at hand
                                                        •	 Do	not:
                                                           - carry loose objects in cab
                                                           - travel at excessive speeds
                                                           - carry passengers anywhere on machine
                                                           - operate with loose clothing or unlaced footwear
                                                        •	 Travel	with	blade	raised	to	avoid	obstacles,	but	not	
                                                           blocking visibility
                                                        •	 Travel	as	straight	uphill	or	downhill	as	possible
                                                        •	 Operate	winch:
                                                           - operate only when both brake systems
                                                               are working
                                                           - avoid spinning wheels
                                                           - carry load appropriate to the size of machine
                                                        •	 Transport	materials:
                                                           - use basket to carry materials
                                                           - secure materials in basket appropriately

 (i)   Shut down skidder                                •	   Park	machine	on	level	ground
                                                        •	   Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	for	shut	down	
                                                        •	   Lower	blade	to	ground
                                                        •	   Run	engine	at	low	idle	to	cool
                                                        •	   Switch	off	engine
                                                        •	   Clean	wheels
                                                        •	   Dismount	skidder	using	3-point	contact




66 /                                        National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                           /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 2          operate skidders
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (j)   refuel skidder                                    •	 Put	skidder	into	service	position:
                                                            - blade on ground
                                                            - parking brake on
                                                            - engine shut off
                                                            - cool machine down
                                                         •	 Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials,	
                                                            including:
                                                            - cleaning area around fuel filler cap
                                                            - filling fuel tank at end of work shift to inhibit
                                                                condensation
                                                            - draining water separator into container
                                                         •	 Respond	to	spills

 (k)   perform maintenance and adjustments               •	   Lock	out	and	tag	machine
       on skidder                                        •	   Lubricate	equipment	and	attachments
                                                         •	   Top	up	fluid	levels
                                                         •	   Replace	worn	belts,	hoses,	winch	cables



 taSK N 3          operate track vehicles
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   describe types of track vehicles                  •	 Types	include:
                                                            - steel vehicles, e.g., bull dozer
                                                            - rubber track vehicles, e.g., swamp buggy

 (b)   obtain authorization to operate track vehicles    •	 Comply	with	legislation	and	company	policies	
                                                            and procedures
                                                         •	 Take	recognized	training
                                                         •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	or	
                                                            updated to do




                                                 diamond driller                                                  / 67
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                            /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 3          operate track vehicles
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety	
       and equipment                                      •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (d)   Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment       •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                             around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                          •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions

 (e)   inspect workplace                                  •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	
                                                             hazardous conditions
                                                          •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (f)   conduct pre-operational check                      •	 Check	for	fluid	leaks	under	unit
                                                          •	 Inspect	condition	of:
                                                             - rollers, sprockets, track tensioners, idlers, tracks
                                                                 and cleats for damage
                                                             - pins and bushings
                                                             - hoses and connections
                                                             - radiator
                                                             - belts
                                                             - control levers and pedals
                                                             - engine tub for debris
                                                             - fire extinguisher
                                                             - hand and footholds
                                                             - electrical system-battery, wires, lights,
                                                                 connections
                                                             - body for damage
                                                          •	 Ensure	all	covers	are	in	place
                                                          •	 Ensure	control	levers	are	in	neutral	position	or	
                                                             transmission in locked position
                                                          •	 Check	all	fluid	levels:
                                                             - hydraulic oil
                                                             - transmission oil
                                                             - engine oil
                                                             - fuel
                                                             - winch oil

68 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                     /           operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 3          operate track vehicles
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                          SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (g)   Start track vehicle                          •	 Mount	track	vehicle	using	3-point	contact
                                                    •	 Turn	on	master	switch
                                                    •	 Adjust	and	fasten	seat	belt
                                                    •	 Start	according	to	manufacturer’s	specifications,	
                                                       i.e., in neutral with parking brake applied
                                                    •	 Check	all	gauges
                                                    •	 Operate	equipment	when	coolant	reaches	
                                                       correct temperature
                                                    •	 Warm	up	engine	before	moving	equipment	
                                                       in cold weather

 (h)   conduct operational checks                   •	 Check:	
                                                       - gauges for normal readings
                                                       - forward and reverse directions
                                                       - back up alarm
                                                    •	 Conduct	operational	check	on	winch	and	winch	
                                                       components
                                                    •	 Check	exhaust	system	for	leaks:
                                                       - ensure components are secure
                                                    •	 Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                    •	 Test	service	and	emergency	brakes




                                            diamond driller                                                 / 69
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                         /           operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 3         operate track vehicles
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (i)   operate track vehicle to move equipment,        •	 Travel	at	speed	appropriate	to	terrain:	use	
       material and personnel                             appropriate gear for terrain and load
                                                       •	 Do	not
                                                          - travel at excessive speeds
                                                          - carry passengers anywhere on machine
                                                          - carry loose objects in cab
                                                       •	 Use	lower	gear	when	going	downhill
                                                       •	 Plan	travel	route
                                                       •	 Avoid	steep	slopes
                                                       •	 Operate	winch:
                                                          - operate only when both brake systems are
                                                              working
                                                          - avoid spinning tracks
                                                          - carry load appropriate to size of machine
                                                       •	 Stay	on	designated	travel	routes
                                                       •	 Transport	personnel	in	approved	track	vehicle:
                                                          - instruct on how to board properly using 3-point
                                                              contact
                                                          - familiarize passengers with location of fire
                                                              extinguishers, emergency and first aid kits and
                                                              communication devices
                                                          - passengers should wear seatbelts if available
                                                          - passengers must remain seated when vehicle is
                                                              in motion

 (j)   Shut down track vehicle                         •	   Park	machine	on	level	ground
                                                       •	   Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	for	shut	down	
                                                       •	   Lower	blade	to	ground,	if	applicable
                                                       •	   Run	engine	at	low	idle	to	cool
                                                       •	   Switch	off	engine
                                                       •	   Clean	tracks
                                                       •	   Dismount	unit	using	3-point	contact




70 /                                       National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                      /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 3          operate track vehicles
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (k)   refuel track vehicle                          •	 Put	track	vehicle	into	service	position:
                                                        - blade on ground
                                                        - parking brake on
                                                        - cool machine down
                                                     •	 shut	off	engine
                                                     •	 Shut	off	master	switch
                                                     •	 Clean	area	around	fuel	filler	cap
                                                     •	 Drain	water	separator	into	container
                                                     •	 Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials:	
                                                        - fill fuel tank at end of work shift to inhibit
                                                           condensation
                                                     •	 Respond	to	spills

 (l)   perform maintenance and adjustments           •	   Lock	out	and	tag	machine
       on track vehicle                              •	   Lubricate	equipment	and	attachments
                                                     •	   Top	up	fluid	levels
                                                     •	   Replace	worn	belts,	hoses,	winch	cables




                                             diamond driller                                               / 71
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                         /           operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 4         operate snowmobiles
 Frequency:       regularly (seasonal)
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   obtain authorization to operate snowmobile      •	 Comply	with	legislation,	regulations	and	company	
                                                          policies and procedures for:
                                                          - traffic patterns
                                                          - right-of-ways
                                                          - registration and license plates
                                                          - drivers’ license or permit
                                                          - insurance
                                                          - accident reporting
                                                       •	 Ensure	vehicle	permit,	proof	of	insurance	and	valid	
                                                          driver’s license are with the vehicle
                                                       •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	or	
                                                          updated to do

 (b)   inspect workplace                               •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                          conditions:
                                                          - fences and guy wires
                                                          - ice thickness on frozen lakes, rivers, streams
                                                          - overhead branches
                                                          - roads and vehicle traffic
                                                       •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (c)   Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment    •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                          around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                       •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions

 (d)   Be familiar with snowmobile components          •	 Check	owner’s	manual
                                                       •	 Identify	and	understand	function	of	the	components


 (e)   Wear appropriate clothing and                   •	 Wear:
       protective equipment                               - approved helmet
                                                          - clothing and footwear appropriate to conditions
                                                          - goggles and gloves with insulation

 (f)   carry emergency supplies and equipment          •	 Pack	tool	kit	and	emergency	kit,	as	required,	
                                                          e.g., spark plugs, belt, flares, sounding device




72 /                                       National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                 /           operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 4         operate snowmobiles
 Frequency:       regularly (seasonal)
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                       SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (g)   conduct pre-operational check             •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                    policies and procedures
                                                 •	 Check	condition	of:
                                                    - hoses
                                                    - belt
                                                    - throttle and brake control
                                                    - tracks, sliders and boogies
                                                    - battery, e.g., terminals, connections, cell caps,
                                                        box or hold-down
                                                    - wires for fraying, insulation and connections
                                                    - guards and windshield
                                                    - frame for cracks or damage
                                                    - handholds and foot rests
                                                 •	 Check:
                                                    - fluid levels, e.g., oil, coolant, fuel
                                                    - nuts or bolts are tight
                                                 •	 Ensure	snowmobile	is	equipped	with:
                                                    - vehicle permit and insurance, if required
                                                    - first aid kit
                                                    - emergency tool kit with spare spark plug and pull
                                                        cord

 (h)   Start snowmobile                          •	 Start	snowmobile	in	open	area	away	from	objects	
                                                    and people

 (i)   conduct operational checks                •	 Check:
                                                    - headlights:
                                                       − high and low beam
                                                       − taillights
                                                       − brake lights
                                                    - throttle
                                                    - brakes
                                                    - emergency switch/restart engine




                                         diamond driller                                            / 73
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                       /           operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 4         operate snowmobiles
 Frequency:       regularly (seasonal)
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (j)   operate snowmobile to move equipment,         •	 Avoid	travelling	on	roads
       material and personnel                        •	 Inform	responsible	person	of	travel	plan,	e.g.	
                                                        departure and estimated return time and route
                                                     •	 Travel	in	pairs,	especially	on	long	trips	or	into	
                                                        remote areas
                                                     •	 Do	not	overdrive	headlight	when	driving	at	night
                                                     •	 When	transporting	materials,	supplies	
                                                        and personnel:
                                                        - drive cautiously, keep control of machine, watch
                                                            for hazards
                                                        - instruct passengers to maintain firm grasp on
                                                            passenger straps or grips and keep feet on
                                                            running board at all times
                                                        - warn passenger of upcoming hazards
                                                        - only carry one passenger at a time
                                                        - do not overload snowmobile
                                                     •	 When	towing	a	trailer	or	sled:
                                                        - use solid tow bars
                                                        - use moderate speed
                                                        - do not make sharp sudden turns
                                                        - avoid rough terrain
                                                        - have passengers in towed vehicle get out
                                                            and walk across roads

 (k)   Shut down snowmobile                          •	 Release	throttle	and	apply	brake	gradually
                                                     •	 When	snowmobile	is	fully	stopped,	turn	off	engine
                                                     •	 Set	parking	brakes,	if	applicable
                                                     •	 Use	proper	procedures	and	equipment	to	clear	track	
                                                        of slush/snow/ice and debris
                                                     •	 Cover	snowmobile	if	parked	outdoors

 (l)   refuel snowmobile                             •	 Park	snowmobile
                                                     •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	for	correct	oil	
                                                        and gas mixture
                                                     •	 Do	not	overfill	tank
                                                     •	 Respond	to	spills




74 /                                     National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                           /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 4          operate snowmobiles
 Frequency:        regularly (seasonal)
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (m)   perform maintenance and adjustments                 •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
       on snowmobile                                          policies and procedures
                                                           •	 Check	and	adjust	throttle	system,	especially	
                                                              in extreme weather conditions
                                                           •	 Replace	defective	starter	cords
                                                           •	 Adjust/replace	brakes
                                                           •	 Align	skis
                                                           •	 Check:
                                                              - track for damage
                                                              - fluid levels
                                                              - drive belt for wear

 (n)   transport snowmobile                                •	 Load	and	unload	onto	trailer	or	pick	up	truck	
                                                              according to manufacturer’s specifications or
                                                              company policies and procedures



 taSK N 5          operate all-terrain vehicles
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   obtain authorization to operate all-terrain vehicle •	 Comply	with	legislation,	regulations	and	company	
                                                              policies and procedures for:
                                                              - traffic patterns
                                                              - right-of-ways
                                                              - registration and license plates
                                                              - drivers’ license or permit
                                                              - insurance
                                                              - accident reporting
                                                           •	 Ensure	vehicle	permit,	proof	of	insurance	and	valid	
                                                              driver’s license are with the vehicle
                                                           •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	or	
                                                              updated to do




                                                  diamond driller                                              / 75
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                           /          operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 5         operate all-terrain vehicles
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment      •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                            around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                         •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions

 (c)   inspect workplace                                 •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                            conditions, including:
                                                            - water flows
                                                            - extreme weather conditions
                                                            - unsuitable
                                                            - ground/ice conditions
                                                            - ground conditions of access to and from location
                                                         •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (d)   Wear appropriate clothing and personal            •	 Wear:
       protective equipment                                 - approved helmet
                                                            - clothing appropriate to conditions
                                                            - safety boots

 (e)   conduct pre-operational check                     •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                            policies and procedures
                                                         •	 Check	condition	of:
                                                            - hoses, e.g., leaks
                                                            - tires, e.g., pressure, wear, loose nuts
                                                            - throttle and cables, e.g., movement, damage
                                                            - brakes, e.g., smooth operation
                                                            - foot shifter, e.g., movement
                                                            - drive belt and chain, drive shaft
                                                            - chassis, e.g., tightness of nuts and bolts, guards,
                                                                plates, fenders, rack and hitches
                                                         •	 Check	for	emergency	equipment,	e.g.,	ABC	fire	
                                                            extinguisher, first aid kit, vehicle permit, tool kit
                                                         •	 Check	fluid	levels,	oil,	fuel,	brake	fluid,	coolant




76 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                           /           operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 5           operate all-terrain vehicles
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)   Start all terrain vehicle                           •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                              policies and procedures
                                                           •	 Ensure	transmission	in	neutral	or	park
                                                           •	 Set	parking	brake
                                                           •	 Check	engine	stop	switch	is	in	run	position
                                                           •	 Put	choke	in	on	position,	if	engine	is	cold	
                                                           •	 Start	engine,	e.g.	press	starter	button
                                                           •	 Do	not	press	throttle	until	engine	has	started
                                                           •	 Never	run	ATV	in	an	enclosed	area

 (g)   conduct operational checks                          •	 Check:
                                                              - ignition switch, if equipped
                                                              - lights
                                                              - gauges
                                                              - engine stop switch
                                                           •	 Restart	vehicle	away	from	people	or	objects

 (h)   operate all terrain vehicle to move equipment       •	 Inform	responsible	person	of	travel	plan,	e.g.	
       and materials                                          departure and estimated return time and route
                                                           •	 Travel	in	pairs,	especially	on	long	trips	or	into	
                                                              remote areas
                                                           •	 Do	not	overdrive	headlight	when	driving	at	night
                                                           •	 Take	precautions:
                                                              - during spring and fall conditions
                                                              - avoid heavily rutted trails/roads
                                                              - on hills, watch for tip-over risks
                                                              - on blind hills and curves
                                                           •	 Keep	feet	on	foot	rests
                                                           •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                              policies and procedures when:
                                                              - towing trailers/carriers to transport materials,
                                                                  e.g., capacity
                                                              - transporting materials on board, e.g., positioning
                                                                  and fastening




                                                   diamond driller                                             / 77
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                             /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 5           operate all-terrain vehicles
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (i)   transport all terrain vehicle                       •	 Load	and	unload	onto	trailer	or	pick	up	truck	
                                                              according manufacturer’s specifications or company
                                                              policies and procedures

 (j)   Shut down all terrain vehicle                       •	   Stop	vehicle
                                                           •	   Place	transmission	in	gear
                                                           •	   Set	parking	brake
                                                           •	   Shut	off	engine
                                                           •	   Block	wheels	if	parked	on	incline

 (k)   refuel all terrain vehicle                          •	 Check	owners	manual	for	type	of	fuel	required	and	
                                                              location of fuel tank filler cap
                                                           •	 Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials:
                                                              - never add fuel while engine is running
                                                           •	 Check	and	top	off	oil	level
                                                           •	 Respond	to	spills

 (l)   perform maintenance and adjustments on all          •	 Check:
       terrain vehicle                                        - tire pressure
                                                              - lubrication
                                                              - throttle system
                                                              - brakes
                                                              - fluid levels
                                                              - drive belt/chain/shaft
                                                              - chassis




78 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                            /            operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 6          operate watercraft
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   obtain authorization to operate watercraft           •	 Comply	with	legislation,	regulations	and	company	
                                                               policies and procedures for:
                                                               - nautical patterns
                                                               - safe boating practices
                                                               - traffic patterns
                                                               - right-of-ways
                                                               - registration and license plates
                                                               - drivers’ license or permit
                                                               - insurance
                                                               - accident reporting
                                                            •	 Take	recognized	training
                                                            •	 Ensure	vehicle	permit,	proof	of	insurance	and	valid	
                                                               operator’s license are with the watercraft
                                                            •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	or	
                                                               updated to do

 (b)   inspect workplace                                    •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                               conditions, including:
                                                               - waterway hazards, e.g., dead heads, sand bars,
                                                                  shallow channels
                                                               - tripping hazards, e.g. ropes and containers
                                                               - improperly marked fuel containers
                                                               - sudden changes in weather and/or marine
                                                                  conditions
                                                            •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (c)   conduct pre-operational check                        •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                               policies and procedures

 (d)   Start watercraft                                     •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                               policies and procedures, for example:
                                                               - place motor in neutral
                                                               - engage blower motor
                                                               - start motor
                                                               - monitor motor operation, gauges and load limits
                                                               - check for clearances and activity in area




                                                    diamond driller                                             / 79
arEa oF coMpEtENcE N                                                       /          operate Mobile Equipment




 taSK N 6          operate watercraft
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)   conduct operational checks                    •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                        policies and procedures, for example:
                                                        - monitor gauges and meters for temperature, oil,
                                                            warning systems
                                                        - check throttle, gear shifter, emergency shut off,
                                                            on-off switch, tether switch, steering components
                                                        - listen for unusual noises/vibrations in engine/
                                                            power train

 (f)   operate watercraft                            •	 Secure	loads	and	materials
                                                     •	 Ensure	all	personnel	are	wearing	lifejackets/personal	
                                                        floatation devices
                                                     •	 Comply	with	load	limits
                                                     •	 Follow	a	designated	route
                                                     •	 Observe	weather	conditions	and	marine	reports
                                                     •	 Observe	speed	limit	and	adjust	to	water	conditions
                                                     •	 Follow	coast	guard	boating	procedures
                                                     •	 Move	equipment	and	personnel	to	a	specific	site

 (g)   Shut down watercraft                          •	 Position	watercraft	in	designated/approved	area,	
                                                        e.g., dock
                                                     •	 Shut	off	power
                                                     •	 Secure	watercraft

 (h)   refuel watercraft                             •	   Monitor	ventilation
                                                     •	   Shut	off	engine
                                                     •	   Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials
                                                     •	   Respond	to	spills

 (i)   perform maintenance and adjustments           •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
       on watercraft                                    policies and procedures, for example:
                                                        - lubricate equipment
                                                        - maintain fluid levels
                                                        - inspect hoses
                                                     •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




80 /                                     National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE O                                                          /    perform Surface Site Set-up tasks




 taSK O 1          Follow land use plans and/or permit guidelines
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify type of set up                           •	 Types	of	set	ups	may	include:	
                                                            - drill pads
                                                            - helicopter landing pad
                                                            - dock for float planes
                                                            - access routes, e.g., bridges
                                                            - camp structures

 (b)   interpret guidelines                              •	   Identify	correct	orientation
                                                         •	   Build	to	correct	dimensions
                                                         •	   Use	required	tools	and	equipment
                                                         •	   Use	required	materials
                                                         •	   Meet	specifications



 taSK O 2          construct access routes
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   comply with legislation                           •	 Comply	with	regional,	provincial/territorial	
                                                            legislation for:
                                                            - construction of access routes
                                                            - water crossings in some areas
                                                            - environmental protection
                                                         •	 Obtain	necessary	permits	from	client	or	company




                                                diamond driller                                                / 81
arEa oF coMpEtENcE O                                                          /     perform Surface Site Set-up tasks




 taSK O 2         construct access routes
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   Minimize environmental impact                    •	 Avoid	sensitive	areas,	e.g.,	swamps,	rivers,	
                                                           streams, lakes
                                                        •	 Avoid	cutting,	pushing	or	dumping	debris	into	
                                                           water courses
                                                        •	 Use	proper	bridging	techniques
                                                        •	 Avoid	recreational	and	historical/cultural/
                                                           archaeological sites, plantations, fish, wildlife and
                                                           their habitats, mature trees and heavily wooded
                                                           areas whenever possible
                                                        •	 Limit	surface	disturbance
                                                        •	 Minimize	potential	for	surface	erosion

 (c)   determine access route                           •	 Comply	with	restrictions/requirements	of	company	
                                                           and/or client:
                                                           - identify concerns, if necessary
                                                           - offer suggestions
                                                           - discuss options to find a solution
                                                        •	 Comply	with	legislated	requirements	for:	
                                                           - minimum width of roads
                                                           - correct bridge approach, e.g., level, straight on
                                                           - bridge capacity
                                                        •	 Follow	the	edge	of	a	swamp,	grassy	plain	or	lightly	
                                                           wooded area if possible
                                                        •	 Maintain	a	buffer	zone	between	cleared	areas	and	
                                                           lakes, rivers or streams

 (d)   clear trees and brush                            •	 Remove	dead	limbs,	dead	standing	trees	and	
                                                           hang-ups
                                                        •	 Fall	trees	away	from	standing	water
                                                        •	 Salvage	and	stack	timber	away	from	right-of-way	to	
                                                           prevent hazard
                                                        •	 Pre-cut	push-outs	on	high	ground	off	the	right-of-way	
                                                           and in scrub brush areas if possible
                                                        •	 Travel	ways	must	be	free	of	all	obstructions




82 /                                        National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE O                                                        /     perform Surface Site Set-up tasks




 taSK O 2          construct access routes
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)   Build road/access route                         •	 Grade	road/access	route
                                                       •	 Apply	additional	materials	as	needed,	
                                                          e.g. for additional support, to prevent erosion
                                                       •	 Extend	corduroy	two	feet	on	each	side	of	equipment,	
                                                          if applicable

 (f)   Ensure completed road/access route is           •	 Communicate	completion	of	road/access	route	to	
       inspected                                          supervisor for inspection
                                                       •	 Inspection	may	include:
                                                          - road width
                                                          - ground
                                                          - overhead obstructions
                                                          - proper installation of corduroy
                                                          - construction of bridges



 taSK O 3          Build and maintain camps
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   comply with legislation                         •	 Obtain	permits	prior	to	building	camps
                                                       •	 Adhere	to	health	regulations	related	to	food	
                                                          and water

 (b)   determine type of camp required                 •	 Factors	to	be	considered	include:
                                                          - length of contract
                                                          - time of year (season)
                                                          - number of men employed
                                                          - method of transportation (air, water, road)
                                                          - provincial & rural regulations (fire and travel)




                                               diamond driller                                                 / 83
arEa oF coMpEtENcE O                                                            /   perform Surface Site Set-up tasks




 taSK O 3           Build and maintain camps
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   Select location for camp site                      •	 Follow	specifications	for	camp	location	in	the	permit
                                                          •	 Locate	camp	sites	50	metres	away	from	the	
                                                             shoreline of a lake or river, if possible
                                                          •	 Situate	camp	site	on	an	elevated	or	well	drained	site

 (d)   Build camp                                         •	 Follow	construction	plans
                                                          •	 Ensure	that	foundations	are	solid	to	prevent	sagging	
                                                             or twisting
                                                          •	 Build	camp	structures	at	least	15	metres	apart
                                                          •	 Separate	kitchen	and	sleeping	quarters	
                                                          •	 Meet	fire	regulations	for	all	camp	structures	and	
                                                             kitchen, including for example:
                                                             - alternative fire exit
                                                             - spark arrester at chimney top
                                                             - fire extinguishers
                                                             - proper installation of fuel oil for heating

 (e)   install toilet and waste facilities                •	 Comply	with	legislation,	environmental	plan	and	
                                                             company policies and procedures
                                                          •	 Facilities	may	include:
                                                             - latrines
                                                             - sumps or lagoons (storage areas for waste or
                                                                grey water or spill fluids)
                                                             - waste disposal sites

 (f)   Maintain camp                                      •	 Manage	solid	wastes	as	stipulated	in	legislation	
                                                             and land-use agreement, e.g. dispose of camp and
                                                             cookery garbage daily in designated containers in
                                                             approved waste disposal site
                                                          •	 Disinfect	contents	of	pit	toilets
                                                          •	 Treat	cesspool	for	cookery	sinks	with	lime	daily
                                                          •	 Comply	with	weekly	inspection	of	living	conditions

 (g)   restore camp locations to acceptable               •	 Comply	with	legislation	and	environmental	plan	for	
       environmental conditions                              site reclamation




84 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                         /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 1          transport diamond drill
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify hazards while transporting equipment,    •	 Use	maps
       materials and supplies to next drill site         •	 Identify	site
                                                         •	 Identify	hazards,	including:
                                                            - ground conditions
                                                            - weather condition
                                                            - ice routes
                                                         •	 For	routes	on	land,	determine	need	to:
                                                            - construct access routes
                                                            - build bridges and/or install culverts
                                                         •	 For	routes	on	water:
                                                            - be aware of hazards, e.g., underwater rock or
                                                                shoals for entire pre-designated route
                                                            - check weather, water conditions and visibility

 (b)   plan move                                         •	 Determine	moving	sequence:
                                                            - need to construct route
                                                            - identify moving order of components and
                                                               materials
                                                            - identify equipment needed to make move
                                                            - identify permits or licenses required

 (c)   transport equipment, materials and supplies       •	   Determine	load	size	
                                                         •	   Load	components	and	materials
                                                         •	   Secure	load
                                                         •	   Unload	at	destination




                                                 diamond driller                                               / 85
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                            /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 2          Set up diamond drill
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   plan and organize drill site                       •	 Site	must	be:
                                                             - of adequate size to accommodate equipment
                                                             - free of obstructions and hazards
                                                          •	 Determine	need	to	use	cribbing	to	level	drill	
                                                             as required
                                                          •	 Allocate	space	for	ancillary	equipment,	fuel	storage,	
                                                             garbage disposal, e.g., use site plan, if available
                                                             and/or follow company policies and procedures

 (b)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools and       •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety
       equipment                                          •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tools	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




86 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                      /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 2             Set up diamond drill
 Frequency:           regularly
 Importance:          High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   Set up drill                                  •	 Position	drill	as	per	drill	layout
                                                     •	 Crib	drill	with	timbers,	as	required
                                                     •	 Set	up	drill:
                                                        - follow manufacturers specifications for set up
                                                        - assemble or extend mast:
                                                            − affix associated components such as rod
                                                               racks, basket, cables, lanyards, fall arrest
                                                               system, lights, stiff leg, guy wires as required
                                                        - raise mast/tower to correct inclination
                                                        - anchor and secure stiff legs and guy wires to
                                                            appropriate/designated location, e.g., drill shack
                                                     •	 Set	up	water	supply	system,	for	example:
                                                        - set up pump and lay out water hoses
                                                        - bring water supply to drill tub and/or cooler
                                                            system
                                                        - connect water swivel to water swivel hose and
                                                            pressure pump
                                                     •	 Set	up	water	recycling	system	to	collect	cuttings	and	
                                                        recycle drill fluids, for example:
                                                        - poly drill system
                                                        - recycling/settling tanks
                                                        - stuffing box
                                                        - cyclone
                                                        - sumps
                                                     •	 Ensure	all	safety	devices	are	in	place,	secure	and	in	
                                                        good operating condition, e.g., spark arrester




                                             diamond driller                                               / 87
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                          /   perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 2          Set up diamond drill
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   install safety equipment                         •	 Types	of	safety	equipment,	include:
                                                           - fire extinguishers in drill shack and pump shack
                                                           - seasonal fire fighting equipment
                                                           - emergency response equipment
                                                           - spill kits
                                                           - guard rails
                                                           - communication devices
                                                           - fall protection
                                                           - hazardous gas tester
                                                           - approved first aid kit
                                                           - adequate lighting for night work
                                                        •	 Ensure	all	safety	equipment	is:
                                                           - properly installed
                                                           - available
                                                           - accessible



 taSK P 3          operate diamond drill
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   read/maintain daily drill report/logbook         •	 Read	notes	from	cross-shift
                                                        •	 Take	corrective	action	based	on	reports	from	
                                                           previous shift
                                                        •	 Make	note	of:
                                                           - hazards
                                                           - discrepancies at the drill site
                                                           - abnormalities in the drill hole such as:
                                                              − drill misalignment
                                                              − damaged bits
                                                              − broken rods
                                                              − shell/core barrel/hole deviations




88 /                                        National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                    /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 3          operate diamond drill
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                         SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   perform pre-operational checks              •	 Put	controls	into	neutral	position
                                                   •	 Ensure	drill	is	well	anchored
                                                   •	 Use	pre-op	checklist	and	check	condition	of	
                                                      components, for example:
                                                      - mechanical and rotating components
                                                      - fluid levels
                                                      - guarding
                                                      - safety equipment
                                                      - hydraulic and fuel fittings
                                                   •	 Conduct	environmental	checks,	for	example,	check	
                                                      for:
                                                      - leaking lines
                                                      - hydraulic fluid leaks
                                                      - fuel storage tank leaks
                                                      - exhaust leaks
                                                      - fresh air supply
                                                      - waste water disposal
                                                   •	 Check	availability	of:
                                                      - garbage containers
                                                      - spill kits, drip pans, absorbent matting
                                                      - fire fighting equipment, e.g., extinguisher, shovel,
                                                           pails

 (c)   Start up diamond drill                      •	 Follow	manufacturers	specifications	for	start-up




                                           diamond driller                                               / 89
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                        /   perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 3         operate diamond drill
 Frequency:       Frequently
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                            SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)   conduct operational checks                     •	 Monitor	gauges	to	ensure	equipment	is	operating	
                                                         properly within manufacturer’s parameters:
                                                         - fluid levels
                                                         - water pressure
                                                         - system hydraulic pressures
                                                      •	 Check:
                                                         - all hoses for leaks
                                                         - moving parts
                                                         - lights and electrical wiring
                                                         - exhaust and fuel leaks
                                                         - check drill functions on equipment:
                                                             − drill rod threading
                                                             − drill head rotation
                                                             − chuck
                                                             − foot clamp
                                                             − pump
                                                             − wireline winch
                                                      •	 Listen	for	unusual	sounds
                                                      •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




90 /                                      National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                       /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 3            operate diamond drill
 Frequency:          Frequently
 Importance:         High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)   drill holes                                   •	   Ensure	water	supply	for	drilling
                                                     •	   Prepare	and	maintain	core	tube	assembly
                                                     •	   Collar	hole	and	set	casing
                                                     •	   Lower	core	barrel	assembly
                                                     •	   Commence	core	drilling	operations	as	specified	in	
                                                          layout, e.g., hole size, dip, depth
                                                     •	   Identify	adverse	conditions	while	drilling,	for	
                                                          example:
                                                          - bit/tube blockage
                                                          - vibration
                                                          - bit polishing
                                                          - loss circulation
                                                          - worn bit
                                                          - faulted ground
                                                     •	   Make	adjustments	to	drilling
                                                     •	   Identify	when	tube	is	full	or	blocked
                                                     •	   Break	the	core	
                                                     •	   Grout	holes	upon	completion	or	as	required

 (f)   remove core tube                              •	   Remove	the	inner	tube	with	wire	line	overshot
                                                     •	   Insert	empty	inner	tube
                                                     •	   Add	new	drive	rod
                                                     •	   Pump	tube	to	latch
                                                     •	   Resume	drilling
                                                     •	   Move	inner	tube	assembly	to	core	removal	area




                                             diamond driller                                                / 91
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                         /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 3          operate diamond drill
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (g)   trip rods                                       •	 Identify	reasons	for	tripping	rods,	for	example:
                                                          - change bit
                                                          - change core barrel
                                                          - wedging
                                                          - remove core due to mislatch
                                                          - end of hole (EoH)
                                                       •	 Pull	rods:
                                                          - retract rod(s) to rod joint for breaking
                                                          - break rod with appropriate tools
                                                          - remove rod
                                                          - rack rod(s)
                                                       •	 Continue	until	core	barrel	is	at	surface
                                                       •	 Lower	rods:
                                                          - insert rod(s) to rod joint for making
                                                          - torque rod(s) with appropriate tools
                                                          - add additional rod(s)

 (h)   Service down hole assembly                      •	 Inspect	bit	face	for	signs	of	damage	and	wear,	e.g.,	
                                                          burning, ringing, breakage
                                                          - change bit, if necessary
                                                       •	 Check	core	barrel	assembly:	
                                                          - change core barrel, if necessary
                                                       •	 Check	gauge	of	reaming	shell
                                                       •	 Replace	or	adjust	components

 (i)   conduct bore hole survey                        •	 Determine	trajectory	of	the	hole	
                                                       •	 Pull	back	and	remove	rod(s)	as	required
                                                       •	 Insert	survey	tool,	e.g.,	electronic	or	mechanical	
                                                          compass
                                                       •	 Conduct	tests
                                                       •	 Take	reading
                                                       •	 Remove	tool
                                                       •	 Document	readings	as	required
                                                       •	 Resume	drilling




92 /                                       National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                        /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 3         operate diamond drill
 Frequency:       Frequently
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (j)   Shut down diamond drill                       •	 Reduce	to	idle	speed
                                                     •	 Place	controls	in	neutral
                                                     •	 Turn	off:
                                                        - water going to the hole
                                                        - power source on panel

 (k)   Maintain diamond drilling equipment           •	 Conduct	post-operational	check	with	checklist,	e.g.,	
                                                        guards, fluid levels
                                                     •	 Lubricate	equipment	according	to	manufacturer’s	
                                                        specifications
                                                     •	 Record	conditions	of	equipment,	as	required

 (l)   refuel diamond drill                          •	 Comply	with	legislation
                                                     •	 Monitor	drill	fuel	levels	during	operation
                                                     •	 Manage	fuel	and	other	hazardous	materials:
                                                        - use approved fuel pumping equipment
                                                        - fill fuel tank
                                                     •	 Respond	to	spills

 (m)   tear down diamond drill                       •	   Remove	safety	features
                                                     •	   Lower	mast
                                                     •	   Remove	mast	accessories
                                                     •	   Remove	anchors
                                                     •	   Disassemble	components
                                                     •	   Prepare	and	secure	loads	for	moving
                                                     •	   Inspect	terrain	and	remediate	site	prior	to	leaving:
                                                          - ensure no hazards are left behind




                                             diamond driller                                                 / 93
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                            /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 4         Maintain support services
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Manage water supply                                •	 Monitor	water	flow	and	pressure
                                                          •	 Inspect	hoses	regularly,	check	for:
                                                             - leaks
                                                             - punctures
                                                          •	 Keep	pump	running:
                                                             - monitor fluid levels
                                                             - refuel pump motor
                                                          •	 Mix	in	appropriate	drill	additives	as	required	for	hole	
                                                             conditions, for example:
                                                             - casing
                                                             - caving
                                                             - loss circulation
                                                             - vibration
                                                             - stabilization
                                                             - high water pressure
                                                             - swelling grounds
                                                             - faulting

 (b)   Maintain inventory                                 •	 Maintain	supply	of	consumables,	for	example:
                                                             - fuel
                                                             - core boxes
                                                             - core blocks
                                                             - rods
                                                             - additives
                                                          •	 Inform	supervisor	of	inadequate	supply	of	
                                                             consumables at drill site, if required




94 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                              /      perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 5             adapt surface diamond drilling for operating on ice
 Frequency:           regularly
 Importance:          High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   adhere to federal, provincial and local legislation   •	 Follow	regulations	and	best	practices	for	operating	
       and regulations                                          on ice, with regards to:
                                                                - transportation and load capacity
                                                                - drilling operations
                                                                - waste management
                                                                - environmental protection, e.g., wildlife and
                                                                    habitats, spill protection
                                                                - ice rescue training
                                                             •	 Obtain	necessary	permits	and	licenses	

 (b)   Monitor ice conditions                                •	 Monitor:
                                                                - thickness over entire route
                                                                - conditions, e.g. open holes, large cracks,
                                                                  inadequate ice
                                                                - quality of ice, e.g., blue vs white ice
                                                                - freeboard - the difference between the height of
                                                                  the water vs the height of the ice
                                                                - load capacity of the ice in relation to weight of
                                                                  equipment, materials and supplies

 (c)   Set up drill                                          •	 Verify	ice	thickness	throughout	entire	site
                                                             •	 Use	sills	or	timbers	of	appropriate	length	to	
                                                                distribute weight evenly
                                                             •	 Mark	off	work	area	with	flags	or	barricades
                                                             •	 Maintain	air	flow	around	the	drill	to	allow	heat	
                                                                to escape

 (d)   operate diamond drill                                 •	 Monitor	ice	for	changing	conditions
                                                             •	 Follow	company	procedures	for	installing	casing,	for	
                                                                example:
                                                                - double casing
                                                                - slinging
                                                             •	 Grout	diamond	drill	hole	and	remove	casing	after	
                                                                drill operations are complete




                                                    diamond driller                                                 / 95
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                             /      perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 5          adapt surface diamond drilling for operating on ice
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)   adapt support services for operating on ice           •	 Follow	fuel	management	best	practises,	for	example:
                                                                - limit amounts of stored fuel on hand
                                                                - use extreme caution when fueling
                                                                - comply with spill management regulations
                                                             •	 Make	hole	for	pump	suction	with	ice	auger	in	a	safe	
                                                                and marked spot
                                                             •	 Set	up	environmental	equipment	to	collect	
                                                                drill cuttings
                                                             •	 Dispose	of	cuttings	as	required	by	regulations



 taSK P 6          adapt surface diamond drilling for operating on a barge
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   adhere to federal, provincial and local legislation   •	 Follow	regulations	and	best	practices	for	operating	
       and regulations                                          on a barge, with regards to:
                                                                - transportation and load capacity
                                                                - drilling operations
                                                                - waste management
                                                                - environmental protection, e.g., wildlife and
                                                                    habitats, spill protection
                                                                - watercraft safety training
                                                             •	 Obtain	necessary	permits	and	licenses	

 (b)   Monitor marine conditions                             •	 Monitor:
                                                                - water depth
                                                                - obstructions, e.g., dead heads, shoals
                                                                - weather, e.g., wind, storms
                                                                - waves




96 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE P                                                         /     perform Surface diamond drilling




 taSK P 6         adapt surface diamond drilling for operating on a barge
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   adapt set up process                              •	 Check	installations	of	ancillary	equipment	and	
                                                            position of drill on barge
                                                         •	 Check	water	depth	for	anchoring	purposes
                                                         •	 Flag	anchor	lines
                                                         •	 Ensure	warning	lights	are	installed	on	barge	and	
                                                            supply boat
                                                         •	 Install	secondary	containment	boom	around	barges,	
                                                            e.g., socks

 (d)   operate diamond drill                             •	 Monitor	marine	conditions
                                                         •	 Follow	company	procedures	for	installing	casing,	
                                                            e.g., double casing
                                                         •	 Grout	diamond	drill	hole	and	remove	casing	after	
                                                            drill operations are complete

 (e)   adapt support services for operating on barges    •	 Follow	fuel	management	best	practises,	for	example:
                                                            - limit amounts of stored fuel on hand
                                                            - use extreme caution when fueling
                                                            - comply with spill management regulations
                                                         •	 Set	up	environmental	equipment	to	collect	
                                                            drill cuttings
                                                         •	 Dispose	of	cuttings	as	required	by	regulations




                                                diamond driller                                               / 97
arEa oF coMpEtENcE Q                                                           /      Maintain underground Ser vices




 uNDergrOuND

 taSK Q 1          install and maintain ventilation systems
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   plan for installation                              •	 Follow	legislation	and	company	policies	
       of ventilation systems                                and procedures
                                                          •	 Comply	with	fire	emergency	procedures
                                                          •	 Identify:
                                                             - location(s)
                                                             - tools and equipment required
                                                             - materials needed

 (b)   inspect workplace                                  •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                             conditions:
                                                             - ensure area is ventilated before entering work
                                                                area
                                                             - check for abnormal ground conditions
                                                             - check housekeeping has been completed
                                                          •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (c)   install and maintain vents                         •	 Assemble	required	tools,	equipment	and	materials
                                                          •	 Erect	safety	signs/barriers
                                                          •	 Installation	may	include:
                                                             - isolating and locking out ventilation devices
                                                             - installing hanging devices to secure to
                                                                 existing ground
                                                             - supporting mechanisms where appropriate
                                                             - hanging and securing ventilation duct and tubing
                                                             - unlocking ventilation device
                                                             - checking vent for correct operation
                                                          •	 Use	approved	dust	suppression	methods
                                                          •	 Maintenance	may	include:
                                                             - replacing and/or adjusting vent as required

 (d)   remove vents                                       •	 Removal	may	include:
                                                             - isolating and locking out ventilation devices
                                                             - loosening and disconnecting vent coupling
                                                               mechanisms
                                                             - removing debris and recycling materials
                                                               according to company policies and procedures




98 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE Q                                                            /       Maintain underground Ser vices




 taSK Q 2          Maintain and extend air and water lines
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   plan for maintenance or extension of air and       •	 Complete	tasks	according	to	company	policies	and	
       water lines                                           procedures
                                                          •	 Select	and	acquire	appropriate	tools,	equipment	and	
                                                             materials before starting work, e.g., whip checks

 (b)   inspect workplace                                  •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                             conditions, e.g., abnormal ground conditions
                                                          •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (c)   Follow safety guidelines for using tools and       •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety
       equipment                                          •	   Complete	required	training
                                                          •	   Use	proper	tools	for	the	task
                                                          •	   Use	safety	features
                                                          •	   Report	deficiencies

 (d)   Visually inspect lines for defects                 •	 Identify	line	leaks	or	breaks,	e.g.,	mark	leaks	

 (e)   Shut down air or water lines                       •	 Follow	lock	out	and	tag	procedures

 (f)   repair defects or extend line                      •	 Comply	with	company	policies	and	procedures	
                                                          •	 Erect	safety	signs/barriers
                                                          •	 For	repairs	of	any	leaks	or	breaks,	for	example:
                                                             - replace defective section of line
                                                             - ensure that all connections are tight and secure
                                                          •	 To	extend	services:
                                                             - have hose or pipe laid out where needed
                                                             - operate lifting mechanisms
                                                             - lock out and/or tag services
                                                             - install pipe, ventilation, power cable, and
                                                                 communication line/cable supports using tools
                                                                 and materials
                                                             - reactivate air, water, and auxiliary ventilation
                                                          •	 Tear	down,	move	and	store	tools	and	equipment	in	
                                                             designated/approved areas

 (g)   report work completed                              •	 Record	in	log	book	as	required




                                                  diamond driller                                                / 99
arEa oF coMpEtENcE Q                                                             /       Maintain underground Ser vices




 taSK Q 3           Visually inspect electrical and communication lines
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    inspect workplace                                   •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                               conditions
                                                            •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (b)    perform visual inspection of electrical and         •	 Never	touch	the	electrical	line:
        communication lines                                    - treat	electrical	lines	with	extreme	caution;	
                                                                  lines carry residual power/energy even when
                                                                  shut down
                                                            •	 Ensure	lines	are	locked	out	and	tagged	out	
                                                               before inspection
                                                            •	 Check	full	length	of	line	to	ensure:
                                                               - there are no broken or worn cables
                                                               - connections are tight and secure
                                                               - cable is properly supported or hung securely
                                                               - properly coated hangers are used
                                                               - that ground fault interrupter system in machine
                                                                  is operational

 (c)    report deficiencies to supervisor                   •	 Follow	lock	out	and	tag	procedures	
                                                            •	 Document	maintenance	and/or	deficiencies


 NOTE: only qualified electricians are allowed to work on electrical equipment




100 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE R                                                             /                    Scale loose rock




 taSK R 1         identify conditions that require scaling
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   identify dangerous ground conditions                  •	 Describe	geological	features	such	as:
                                                                - faults
                                                                - slips
                                                                - jointing or contacts
                                                                - blocky
                                                                - dykes
                                                                - fracture system
                                                                - folding
                                                             •	 Identify	signs	of	dangerous	ground	conditions,	
                                                                for example:
                                                                - deformation of drill holes
                                                                - cracks
                                                                - floor heaving or shifting tracks
                                                                - fresh muck
                                                             •	 Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                             •	 Consult	past	log	book	entries

 (b)   describe methods of ground control monitoring         •	 lay	out	and	planning
                                                             •	 specialized	blasting
                                                             •	 instrumentation,	including:
                                                                - micro-seismic system
                                                                - tape extensometers
                                                                - stress meters
                                                             •	 de-stressing
                                                             •	 numerical	modeling

 (c)   describe ground support systems                       •	 Types	include:
                                                                - bolting
                                                                - timbers
                                                                - cable bolts
                                                                - backfilling
                                                                - screening
                                                                - strapping
                                                                - cementing




                                                 diamond driller                                                  / 101
arEa oF coMpEtENcE R                                                                 /                  Scale loose rock




 taSK R 1          identify conditions that require scaling
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                    SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)    inspect for abnormal conditions                       •	 Inspect	for	ground	support	stress	indicators,	such	as:
                                                                 - bent or deformed headboards on rock bolts, flats
                                                                    or split sets
                                                                 - cracked timber or squeezed head block on timber
                                                                 - broken rock bolts
                                                                 - sagging screen due to trapped broken muck
                                                                 - fresh muck in drift or unexpected muck in
                                                                    stope area
                                                                 - fresh crack or signs of recent movement in the
                                                                    ground, especially along slips
                                                                 - unusual noises from ground
                                                                 - shifted or pushed up track in the drift

 (e)    determine course of action                            •	 Assess	danger	throughout	drilling	operation:
                                                                 - stop drill and inspect conditions regularly, e.g.,
                                                                    tap rock and listen to sound
                                                              •	 identify	remedial	action,	for	example:
                                                                 - wash and scale loose rock
                                                                 - notify supervisor of situation that requires
                                                                    further investigation
                                                              •	 Communicate	to	local	area	workers	about	
                                                                 changing conditions



 taSK R 2          Wash rock surfaces for scaling
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                    SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    operate water hose                                    •	   Erect	safety	signs/barriers
                                                              •	   Select	water	hose
                                                              •	   Check	for	damage
                                                              •	   Connect	hose	to	header
                                                              •	   Turn	on	water	gradually
                                                              •	   Control	hose




102 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE R                                                         /                    Scale loose rock




 taSK R 2          Wash rock surfaces for scaling
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)   Wash the area                                    •	 Wash	to	minimize	dust	and	expose	rock	fractures

 (c)   address hazards                                  •	 Identify	hazards,	for	example:
                                                           - bootlegs
                                                           - lifters
                                                           - mis-holes (unexploded blasting material)
                                                           - loose rock above or on sides of drift
                                                        •	 Mark	bootlegs	with	paint	
                                                        •	 Report	missed	holes	or	abnormal	ground	conditions	
                                                           to supervisor



 taSK R 3          Scale loose rock
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   Select scaling bar                               •	 Select	proper	length	of	bar	for	specific	task
                                                        •	 Check	condition	of	bar	for:
                                                           - straightness
                                                           - sharpness of tips
                                                           - rubber hand guard
                                                        •	 Do	not	use	worn	bar




                                                diamond driller                                            / 103
arEa oF coMpEtENcE R                                                            /                    Scale loose rock




 taSK R 3            Scale loose rock
 Frequency:          Frequently
 Importance:         High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)    Scale rock                                        •	 Prepare	for	scaling:
                                                             - ensure good footing
                                                             - check for line of retreat
                                                             - ensure no other work is being carried out in area
                                                          •	 Sound	the	ground	by	striking	bar	against	back	or	
                                                             walls to identify ground that is tight or loose
                                                          •	 Scale	ground	from	good	to	bad:
                                                             - do not over reach
                                                             - keep balance
                                                          •	 Drop	bar	if	control	is	lost
                                                          •	 Anticipate	the	size	and	movement	of	falling	ground	
                                                             and stand clear
                                                          •	 Take	down	all	loose	ground	possible
                                                          •	 Remove	any	damaged	ground	support
                                                          •	 Re-check	the	area	from	time	to	time	to	determine	if	
                                                             ground has loosened up due to other activities

 (c)    address hazards revealed by scaling               •	 Identify	hazards,	e.g.,	bootlegs,	lifters	and	
                                                             missed holes
                                                          •	 Mark	bootlegs	with	paint	
                                                          •	 Report	missed	holes	and	abnormal	ground	
                                                             conditions to supervisor




104 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE S                                                  /        operate pneumatic and/or Hydraulic tools




 taSK S 1           operate jackleg/stoper/plugger
 Frequency:         rarely
 Importance:        High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	 Be	responsible	for	personal	safety
       and equipment                                         - work from a safe and secure position
                                                             - place hoses and lubricators properly to avoid
                                                                tripping and other hazards
                                                          •	 Complete	required	training
                                                          •	 Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	 Use	safety	features
                                                          •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (b)   prepare face for drilling                          •	   Erect	safety	signs	and	barriers
                                                          •	   Extend	services
                                                          •	   Wash	rock	faces
                                                          •	   Scale	loose	rock

 (c)   perform pre-operational checks                     •	 Ensure	controls	are	in	‘off’	position
                                                          •	 Ensure	air	and	water	header	is	open	
                                                          •	 Check	condition	of:
                                                             - guards
                                                             - drill steel and bit
                                                             - retainers
                                                             - foot spike (or spike solid)
                                                             - air and water controls
                                                             - side rods
                                                          •	 Check	function	of	controls
                                                          •	 Advance	and	retract	leg
                                                          •	 Rotate	chuck
                                                          •	 Check	water	flow
                                                          •	 Repair	and	report	deficiencies




                                                  diamond driller                                               / 105
arEa oF coMpEtENcE S                                                   /        operate pneumatic and/or Hydraulic tools




 taSK S 1               operate jackleg/stoper/plugger
 Frequency:             rarely
 Importance:            High

 SUB-TASK:                                                   SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)    Set up drills                                        •	 Follow	company	set-up	procedures	and	
                                                                manufacturers instructions, for example:
                                                                - ensure controls are in ‘off’ position
                                                                - visually inspect drill components
                                                                - select, check and install rock drill steel bits
                                                                    on jackleg
                                                                - blow out air and water hoses to remove
                                                                    any obstructions
                                                                - connect lubricator to hoses
                                                                - connect hoses to drill
                                                                - full lubricator using hand tools, e.g., wrenches

 (e)    operate drill                                        •	 Position	drill	required	distances	from	bootlegs,	
                                                                misholes and lifters
                                                             •	 Place	steel	in	required	position
                                                             •	 Operate	according	to	manufacturers	specifications
                                                             •	 Follow	proper	pneumatic	or	hydraulic	tool	shut-down	
                                                                procedures, e.g., shut down and bleed air and water
                                                                lines, disconnect air and water hoses

 (f)    Maintain drill and attachments                       •	 Check	lubrication	of	hoses	and	controls
                                                             •	 Check	condition	of:
                                                                - drill
                                                                - steel
                                                                - bit
                                                                - hoses
                                                                - controls
                                                                - leg
                                                             •	 Check	for	worn	or	defective	components	to	ensure	
                                                                safe and efficient operation of drill
                                                             •	 Repair	and	report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




106 /                                            National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE S                                                /       operate pneumatic and/or Hydraulic tools




 taSK S 1          operate jackleg/stoper/plugger
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (g)   install anchor                                     •	 Types	of	anchors	include	rebar	and	rock	bolts
                                                          •	 Ensure	required	torque	is	applied	to	bolts	in	
                                                             accordance with government regulations, company
                                                             standards and manufacturer’s specifications,
                                                             e.g., use drill and dolly
                                                          •	 Drill	to	proper	depth
                                                          •	 Use	appropriate	resin,	if	required	

 (h)   tear down and store drill                          •	 Identify	any	defective,	broken	or	damaged	tools	
                                                             and attachments
                                                          •	 Clean,	maintain	and	store	pneumatically	or	
                                                             hydraulically powered tools and attachments



 taSK S 2          operate other pneumatic and/or hydraulic tools and equipment
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	 Be	responsible	for	personal	safety:
       and equipment                                         - work from a safe and secure position
                                                             - place hoses and lubricators properly to avoid
                                                                tripping and other hazards
                                                          •	 Complete	required	training
                                                          •	 Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                          •	 Use	safety	features
                                                          •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




                                                  diamond driller                                            / 107
arEa oF coMpEtENcE S                                                  /       operate pneumatic and/or Hydraulic tools




 taSK S 2          operate other pneumatic and/or hydraulic tools and equipment
 Frequency:        rarely
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)    inspect and set up pneumatic and/or hydraulic      •	 Types	of	pneumatic	and/or	hydraulic	tools	and	
        tools and equipment                                   equipment may include:
                                                              - air grinder
                                                              - air lights
                                                              - generators
                                                              - chainsaws
                                                              - hydraulic tools, e.g., jacks
                                                              - air tugger/winch
                                                           •	 Comply	with	legislation	and	company	policies	
                                                              and procedures
                                                           •	 Erect	safety	signs/barriers
                                                           •	 Inspect	pneumatically	or	hydraulically	powered	tools	
                                                              and equipment before use
                                                           •	 Follow	procedures	for	connecting	to	air	lines	and	
                                                              starting up tools and equipment

 (c)    use pneumatic and/or hydraulic tools               •	 Place	tools	in	required	position
        and equipment                                      •	 Operate	according	to	manufacturers	specifications
                                                           •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	recommended	shut-down	
                                                              procedures for pneumatic or hydraulic tools and
                                                              equipment e.g., shut down and tag out main air
                                                              supply to tool, release pressure/bleed off excess air
                                                              in lines, wrap up hoses

 (d)    Maintain and store pneumatic and/or                •	 Identify	and	tag	out	any	defective,	broken	or	
        hydraulic tools                                       damaged tools and attachments:
                                                           •	 Clean,	maintain	and	store	pneumatically	or	
                                                              hydraulically powered tools and attachments




108 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE T                                                           /                        install Staging




 taSK T 1           plan for staging
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    check drill layout                               •	 Check	drill	layout	for	location,	holes	to	be	drilled,	
                                                            depth, size, azimuth

 (b)    determine type of staging                        •	 Inspect	site
                                                         •	 Select	proper	type	of	staging	for	specified	
                                                            application:
                                                            - wooden staging
                                                            - steel staging
                                                            - mechanical staging
                                                         •	 Follow	company/client	policies	and	procedures



 taSK T 2           construct wooden or steel staging
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                               SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    determine required materials                     •	 Type	of	materials	may	include:
                                                            - timbers
                                                            - planks
                                                            - stabilizers
                                                            - framing
                                                         •	 Measure	area	to	determine	size,	dimension,	quantity	
                                                            of materials required
                                                         •	 Select	proper	type	and	size	of	materials	according	to	
                                                            space available and hole inclination

 (b)    receive materials in staging area                •	 Deliver	materials	to	staging	area
                                                         •	 Store	materials	in	preparation	for	
                                                            staging construction

 (c)    Select required tools                            •	 Select	appropriate	power	and	hand	tools	necessary	
                                                            to construct staging

 (d)    Select ladders, if applicable                    •	 Identify	standard	types,	sizes	and	applications	
                                                            of ladders




                                                 diamond driller                                                / 109
arEa oF coMpEtENcE T                                                              /                        install Staging




 taSK T 2           construct wooden or steel staging
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)    Follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	 Be	responsible	for	personal	safety:
        and equipment                                         - use fall arrest systems and guardrails,
                                                                 as required
                                                              - ensure appropriate and approved anchor point
                                                                 for fall arrest system is used
                                                           •	 Complete	required	training	
                                                           •	 Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                           •	 Use	safety	features
                                                           •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (f)    construct or place staging                         •	   Erect	safety	signs/barriers
                                                           •	   Use	required	hand	and	power	tools
                                                           •	   Inspect	components	for	defects	or	damage
                                                           •	   Assemble	staging,	which	may	include:
                                                                - installing temporary support posts
                                                                - assembling staging materials,
                                                                   e.g. timbers, platforms
                                                                - installing features, including guard-rails, toe rails,
                                                                   lagging, planks, legs, chains, bullhorns, anchors
                                                                   and wings
                                                                - installing and securing ladders based on
                                                                   government regulations



 taSK T 3           Set up mechanized staging
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment       •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                              around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                           •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions




110 /                                          National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE T                                                             /                    install Staging




 taSK T 3           Set up mechanized staging
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (b)    Set up equipment                                   •	 Types	of	mechanized	staging	include:
                                                              - platform lift
                                                              - scissor lift
                                                           •	 Select	appropriate	support	equipment	to	put	staging	
                                                              in place including:
                                                              - scoop tram
                                                              - bucket elevator
                                                              - fork lifts
                                                              - boom lift trucks
                                                           •	 Erect	safety	signs/barriers
                                                           •	 Conduct	thorough	inspection	of	equipment	according	
                                                              to government regulations and company policies
                                                              and procedures
                                                           •	 Use	travel	restraint/fall	arrest	when	required	
                                                              according to company policies and procedures



 taSK T 4           remove and store staging
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                 SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    follow safety guidelines for using tools           •	   Be	responsible	for	personal	safety
        and equipment                                      •	   Complete	required	training
                                                           •	   Use	proper	tool	for	the	task
                                                           •	   Use	safety	features
                                                           •	   Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor

 (b)    dismantle staging                                  •	 Tear	down	staging	using	designated	equipment
                                                           •	 Follow	company	standards,	including	all	
                                                              appropriate precautions
                                                           •	 Use	travel	restraint/fall	arrest	system	
                                                           •	 Ensure	proper	anchor	points	for	fall	arrest	system	
                                                           •	 Remove	defective	materials	from	service	and	repair	
                                                              or replace as required




                                                   diamond driller                                            / 111
arEa oF coMpEtENcE T                                                            /                   install Staging




 taSK T 4          remove and store staging
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)    Move and store staging                            •	 Follow	company	procedures	and	standards,	including	
                                                             all appropriate precautions
                                                          •	 Move	staging	using	designated	equipment,	including:
                                                             - scoops
                                                             - service vehicles
                                                             - trucks
                                                             - manual means
                                                          •	 Store	staging	and	equipment	in	pre-assigned	area	or	
                                                             move to next designated drilling location




112 /                                         National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE U                                                   /           perform underground diamond drilling




 taSK U 1             transport diamond drill underground
 Frequency:           regularly
 Importance:          High

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   plan move                                            •	 Read	layout
                                                            •	 Identify	hazards	and	potential	hazards	along	entire	
                                                               route to destination
                                                            •	 Determine	moving	method

 (b)   Select equipment                                     •	 Types	of	moving	equipment	may	include:	scoop,	
                                                               utility vehicle, motor, forklift, cage
                                                            •	 Determine	moving	equipment	required

 (c)   Move drill and equipment                             •	 Select	proper	tie-downs	to	secure	load
                                                            •	 Communicate	with	co-workers
                                                            •	 Co-ordinate	with	others	to	ensure	timely	and	
                                                               efficient move



 taSK U 2             Set up diamond drill
 Frequency:           regularly
 Importance:          Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   plan drill site                                      •	 Check	site	for:
                                                               - services (air, water, power, ventilation)
                                                               - ground support
                                                               - ground condition
                                                               - front sight and back sight for hole location
                                                               - hazards, e.g., missed holes, bootlegs, lifters

 (b)   prepare site                                         •	 Extend	services
                                                            •	 Scale	loose	rock
                                                            •	 Install	staging	as	required




                                                   diamond driller                                                / 113
arEa oF coMpEtENcE U                                              /           perform underground diamond drilling




 taSK U 2           Set up diamond drill
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)    Set up diamond drill                           •	 Types	include:
                                                          - self-propelled
                                                          - bar-mounted
                                                          - skid-mounted
                                                          - rail
                                                       •	 May	be	air/electric/diesel	powered
                                                       •	 Set	up	drill	according	to	company	policies	and	
                                                          procedures and as per drill layout, e.g., front sight
                                                          and back sight
                                                       •	 Raise	feed	frame	to	desired	angle
                                                       •	 Anchor	drill

 (d)    install safety equipment                       •	 Types	of	safety	equipment,	include:
                                                          - guard rails
                                                          - communication devices
                                                          - fall protection
                                                          - hazardous gas tester
                                                          - warning lights
                                                       •	 Erect	safety	signs/barriers	




114 /                                      National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE U                                                 /           perform underground diamond drilling




 taSK U 3          operate diamond drill
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                                SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   read/maintain daily drill report/logbook           •	 Read	notes	from	cross-shift
                                                          •	 Take	corrective	action	based	on	reports	from	
                                                             previous shift
                                                          •	 Make	note	of:
                                                             - hazards, e.g., abnormal ground conditions
                                                             - discrepancies at the drill site
                                                             - abnormalities in the drill hole such as:
                                                                − drill misalignment
                                                                − damaged bits
                                                                − broken rods
                                                                − shell/core barrel/hole deviations

 (b)   perform pre-operational checks                     •	 Put	controls	into	neutral	position
                                                          •	 Ensure	drill	is	well	anchored
                                                          •	 Use	pre-op	checklist	and	check	condition	of	
                                                             components, for example:
                                                             - mechanical and rotating components
                                                             - fluid levels, e.g., fuel, oil or hydraulic fluid
                                                             - guarding
                                                             - safety equipment
                                                             - work environment, e.g., lighting, temperature
                                                             - environmental checks, for example:
                                                                − fluid leaks
                                                                − air quality

 (c)   Start up diamond drill                             •	 Follow	manufacturers	specifications	for	start-up
                                                          •	 Turn	on	power	source
                                                          •	 Turn	on	water	supply




                                                  diamond driller                                                 / 115
arEa oF coMpEtENcE U                                             /           perform underground diamond drilling




 taSK U 3          operate diamond drill
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)    conduct operational checks                     •	 Monitor	gauges	to	ensure	equipment	is	operating	
                                                          properly within manufacturer’s parameters:
                                                          - fluid levels
                                                          - water pressure
                                                          - system hydraulic pressures
                                                       •	 Check:
                                                          - all hoses for leaks
                                                          - moving parts
                                                          - lights and electrical wiring
                                                          - exhaust and fuel leaks
                                                          - check drill functions on equipment:
                                                              − drill rod threading
                                                              − drill head rotation
                                                              − chuck
                                                              − foot clamp
                                                              − pump
                                                              − wireline winch
                                                       •	 Listen	for	unusual	sounds
                                                       •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor




116 /                                      National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE U                                             /          perform underground diamond drilling




 taSK U 3            operate diamond drill
 Frequency:          Frequently
 Importance:         High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (e)   drill holes                                   •	   Ensure	water	supply	for	drilling
                                                     •	   Prepare	and	maintain	core	tube	assembly
                                                     •	   Collar	hole	and	set	casing
                                                     •	   Lower	core	barrel	assembly
                                                     •	   Commence	core	drilling	operations	as	specified	
                                                          in layout, e.g., hole size, dip, depth
                                                     •	   Identify	adverse	conditions	while	drilling,	
                                                          for example:
                                                          - bit/tube blockage
                                                          - vibration
                                                          - bit polishing
                                                          - loss circulation
                                                          - worn bit
                                                          - faulted ground
                                                     •	   Make	adjustments	to	drilling
                                                     •	   Identify	when	tube	is	full	or	blocked
                                                     •	   Break	the	core	
                                                     •	   Grout	holes	upon	completion	or	as	required

 (f)   remove core tube                              •	 Do	not	stand	in	front	of	hole
                                                     •	 Remove	the	inner	tube	with	wire	line	overshot:
                                                        - may use a pumping overshot to retrieve
                                                            inner tube
                                                        - control extraction of inner tube through controlled
                                                            release of water to prevent runaway tubes
                                                     •	 Insert	empty	inner	tube
                                                     •	 Add	new	drive	rod
                                                     •	 Pump	tube	to	latch
                                                     •	 Resume	drilling
                                                     •	 Move	inner	tube	assembly	to	core	removal	area




                                             diamond driller                                             / 117
arEa oF coMpEtENcE T                                                          /                       install Staging




 taSK U 3           operate diamond drill
 Frequency:         Frequently
 Importance:        High

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (g)    trip rods                                       •	 Identify	reasons	for	tripping	rods,	for	example:
                                                           - change bit
                                                           - change core barrel
                                                           - wedging
                                                           - remove core due to mislatch
                                                           - end of hole (EoH)
                                                        •	 Pull	rods:
                                                           - retract rod(s) to rod joint for breaking
                                                           - break rod with appropriate tools
                                                           - remove rod
                                                           - rack rod(s)
                                                        •	 Continue	until	core	barrel	is	at	surface
                                                        •	 Lower	rods:
                                                           - insert rod(s) to rod joint for making
                                                           - torque rod(s) with appropriate tools
                                                           - add additional rod(s)

 (h)    Service down hole assembly                      •	 Inspect	bit	face	for	signs	of	damage	and	wear,	e.g.,	
                                                           burning, ringing, breakage
                                                           - change bit, if necessary
                                                        •	 Check	core	barrel	assembly:	
                                                           - change core barrel, if necessary
                                                        •	 Check	gauge	of	reaming	shell
                                                        •	 Replace	or	adjust	components

 (i)    conduct bore hole survey                        •	 Determine	trajectory	of	the	hole	
                                                        •	 Pull	back	and	remove	rod(s)	as	required
                                                        •	 Insert	survey	tool,	e.g.,	electronic	or	mechanical	
                                                           compass
                                                        •	 Conduct	tests
                                                        •	 Take	reading
                                                        •	 Remove	tool
                                                        •	 Document	readings	as	required
                                                        •	 Resume	drilling




118 /                                       National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE S                                             /      operate pneumatic and/or Hydraulic tools




 taSK U 3          operate diamond drill
 Frequency:        Frequently
 Importance:       High

 SUB-TASK:                                           SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (j)   Shut down diamond drill                       •	 Place	controls	in	neutral
                                                     •	 Turn	off:
                                                        - water going to the hole
                                                        - power source on panel
                                                        - air

 (k)   Maintain diamond drilling equipment           •	 Conduct	post-operational	check	with	checklist,	e.g.,	
                                                        guards, fluid levels
                                                     •	 Lubricate	equipment	according	to	manufacturer’s	
                                                        specifications
                                                     •	 Record	conditions	of	equipment,	as	required

 (l)   refuel diesel diamond drill                   •	 Comply	with	legislation
                                                     •	 Monitor	drill	fuel	levels	during	operation
                                                     •	 Manage	fuel	and	other	hazardous	materials:
                                                        - use approved fuel pumping equipment
                                                        - fill fuel tank
                                                     •	 Respond	to	spills

 (m)   tear down diamond drill                       •	   Lower	mast	
                                                     •	   Remove	mast	accessories	
                                                     •	   Remove	anchors
                                                     •	   Disassemble	components,	e.g.,	disconnect	hoses
                                                     •	   Prepare	and	secure	loads	for	moving
                                                     •	   Ensure	site	is	hazard	free




                                             diamond driller                                             / 119
arEa oF coMpEtENcE S                                                   /        operate pneumatic and/or Hydraulic tools




 taSK U 4           Maintain support services
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    Manage water supply                                 •	 Monitor	water	flow	and	pressure
                                                            •	 Inspect	hoses	regularly,	check	for:
                                                               - leaks
                                                               - punctures
                                                               - freezing (permafrost)
                                                            •	 Keep	pump	running:
                                                               - monitor fluid levels
                                                               - refuel pump motor
                                                            •	 Mix	in	appropriate	drill	additives	as	required	for	hole	
                                                               conditions, for example:
                                                               - casing
                                                               - caving
                                                               - loss circulation
                                                               - vibration
                                                               - stabilization
                                                               - high water pressure
                                                               - swelling grounds
                                                               - faulting

 (b)    Maintain inventory of supplies                      •	 Maintain	supply	of	consumables,	for	example:
                                                               - fuel
                                                               - core boxes
                                                               - core blocks
                                                               - rods
                                                               - additives
                                                            •	 Inform	supervisor	of	inadequate	inventories	of	
                                                               consumables at drill site, if required




120 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE V                                                      /   operate underground transportation




 taSK V 1          operate underground locomotives
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                            SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)   obtain authorization to operate                •	 Types	include	diesel	and	electric
       underground locomotives                        •	 Comply	with	legislation,	regulations	and	company	
                                                         policies and procedures for:
                                                         - traffic patterns
                                                         - right-of-ways
                                                         - accident reporting
                                                      •	 Take	recognized	training
                                                      •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	or	
                                                         updated to do

 (b)   Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment   •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                         around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                      •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions

 (c)   inspect workplace                              •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                         conditions, including:
                                                         - loose rock
                                                         - track switches
                                                         - loose rails
                                                         - ventilation
                                                         - ducting
                                                         - doorways
                                                         - ground support
                                                         - chutes
                                                      •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions




                                              diamond driller                                            / 121
arEa oF coMpEtENcE V                                                         /   operate underground transportation




 taSK V 1          operate underground locomotives
 Frequency:        regularly
 Importance:       Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (d)    conduct pre-operational check                  •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                          policies and procedures
                                                       •	 Check	for	fluid	leaks	under	unit
                                                       •	 Inspect	condition	of:
                                                          - hoses and connections
                                                          - belts
                                                          - control levers and pedals
                                                          - engine tub for debris
                                                          - fire extinguisher
                                                          - hand and footholds
                                                          - electrical system-battery, wires, lights,
                                                              connections
                                                          - body for damage
                                                       •	 Ensure	all	covers	are	in	place
                                                       •	 Ensure	control	levers	are	in	neutral	position	or	
                                                          transmission in locked position
                                                       •	 Check	all	fluid	levels:
                                                          - hydraulic oil
                                                          - transmission oil
                                                          - engine oil
                                                          - fuel

 (e)    Start underground locomotives                  •	 Mount	underground	locomotives	using	
                                                          3-point contact
                                                       •	 Turn	on	master	switch
                                                       •	 Start	according	to	manufacturer’s	specifications,	
                                                          i.e., in neutral with parking brake applied
                                                       •	 Adjust	and	fasten	seat	belt
                                                       •	 Check	all	gauges




122 /                                      National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE V                                                       /   operate underground transportation




 taSK V 1         operate underground locomotives
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)   conduct operational checks                      •	 Check	gauges	for	normal	readings
                                                       •	 Check	forward	and	reverse	directions
                                                       •	 Conduct	brake	test,	forward	and	in	reverse
                                                       •	 Check	exhaust	system	for	leaks:
                                                          - ensure components are secure
                                                       •	 Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                       •	 Test	service	and	emergency	brakes

 (g)   operate underground locomotives to move         •	 Travel	at	speed	appropriate	to	conditions
       equipment and material                          •	 Do	not:
                                                          - carry loose objects
                                                          - operate with loose clothing or unlaced footwear
                                                       •	 Transport	materials	on	appropriate	type	of	car,	
                                                          e.g., flat car

 (h)   Shut down underground locomotives               •	 Park	machine
                                                       •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	for	shut	down	
                                                       •	 Switch	off	power	source
                                                       •	 Report	defects	to	supervisor	and	record	in	
                                                          daily report
                                                       •	 Dismount	using	3-point	contact

 (i)   refuel or recharge underground locomotives      •	 Put	underground	locomotives	into	service	position:
                                                          - parking brake on
                                                          - power shut off
                                                       •	 Clean	area	around	fuel	filler	cap	or	electrical	
                                                          connection
                                                       •	 Manage	fuel	and	other	hazardous	materials
                                                       •	 Respond	to	spills




                                               diamond driller                                            / 123
arEa oF coMpEtENcE V                                                              /   operate underground transportation




 taSK V 1           operate underground locomotives
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Medium

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (j)    perform maintenance and adjustments on              •	 Take	required	training	to	carry	out	maintenance	tasks
        underground locomotives                             •	 Lock	out	and	tag	machine
                                                            •	 Lubricate	equipment	and	attachments
                                                            •	 Top	up	fluid	levels
                                                            •	 Replace	worn	belts	and	hoses
                                                            •	 Complete	maintenance	report	and	log	book	
                                                               as required
                                                            •	 Report	deficiencies	to	supervisor



 taSK V 2           operate utility vehicles
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Hign

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (a)    obtain authorization to operate utility vehicles    •	 Comply	with	legislation,	regulations	and	company/
                                                               client policies and procedures for:
                                                               - traffic patterns
                                                               - right-of-ways
                                                               - accident reporting
                                                            •	 Do	not	perform	tasks	that	you	are	not	trained	or	
                                                               updated to do

 (b)    Work safely around vehicles/mobile equipment        •	 Communicate	with	others	when	operating	or	working	
                                                               around vehicles/mobile equipment
                                                            •	 Avoid	hazardous	conditions




124 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE V                                                          /   operate underground transportation




 taSK V 2           operate utility vehicles
 Frequency:         regularly
 Importance:        Hign

 SUB-TASK:                                             SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (c)   inspect workplace                               •	 Identify	hazardous	or	potentially	hazardous	
                                                          conditions, including:
                                                          - loose rock
                                                          - ventilation
                                                          - ducting
                                                          - doorways
                                                          - ground support
                                                          - chutes
                                                       •	 Correct	or	report	hazardous	conditions

 (d)   conduct pre-operational check                   •	 Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                          policies and procedures
                                                       •	 Check	condition	of:
                                                          - hoses, e.g., leaks
                                                          - tires, e.g., pressure, wear, loose nuts
                                                          - throttle and cables, e.g., movement, damage
                                                          - brakes, e.g., smooth operation
                                                          - drive belt and chain, drive shaft
                                                          - chassis, e.g., tightness of nuts and bolts, guards,
                                                              plates, fenders, rack and hitches
                                                       •	 Check	for	emergency	equipment,	e.g.,	ABC	fire	
                                                          extinguisher, first aid kit, vehicle permit, tool kit
                                                       •	 Check	fluid	levels,	oil,	fuel,	brake	fluid,	coolant

 (e)   Start utility vehicles                          •	   Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	
                                                       •	   Ensure	transmission	in	neutral	or	park
                                                       •	   Set	parking	brake
                                                       •	   Check	engine	stop	switch	is	in	run	position
                                                       •	   Start	engine,	e.g.,	turn	key	or	press	starter	button
                                                       •	   Do	not	press	throttle	until	engine	has	started




                                               diamond driller                                                / 125
arEa oF coMpEtENcE V                                                              /   operate underground transportation




 taSK V 2            operate utility vehicles
 Frequency:          regularly
 Importance:         Hign

 SUB-TASK:                                                  SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (f)    conduct operational checks                          •	 Check	gauges	for	normal	readings
                                                            •	 Check	forward	and	reverse	directions
                                                            •	 Conduct	brake	test,	forward	and	in	reverse
                                                            •	 Check	exhaust	system	for	leaks:
                                                               - ensure components are secure
                                                            •	 Listen	for	unusual	noises
                                                            •	 Test	service	and	emergency	brakes
                                                            •	 Check	hydraulic	functions,	if	applicable

 (g)    operate utility vehicles to move equipment and      •	   Do	not	overdrive	headlight	when	driving
        materials                                           •	   Take	precautions	at	ramps,	corners	and	intersections	
                                                            •	   Yield	right-of-way	to	heavy	equipment
                                                            •	   Follow	manufacturer’s	specifications	and	company	
                                                                 policies and procedures when:
                                                                 - towing trailers/carriers to transport materials,
                                                                     e.g., capacity
                                                                 - transporting materials on board, e.g., positioning
                                                                     and fastening

 (h)    Shut down utility vehicles                          •	   Stop	vehicle
                                                            •	   Place	transmission	in	neutral	or	park
                                                            •	   Set	parking	brake
                                                            •	   Shut	off	engine
                                                            •	   Use	wheel	chocks

 (i)    refuel utility vehicles                             •	 Manage	fuels	and	other	hazardous	materials:
                                                               - never add fuel while engine is running
                                                            •	 Respond	to	spills




126 /                                           National occupational Standards
arEa oF coMpEtENcE V                                                       /   operate underground transportation




 taSK V 2         operate utility vehicles
 Frequency:       regularly
 Importance:      Hign

 SUB-TASK:                                              SUPPORTING ABILITIES AND KNOWLEDGE:

 (j)   perform maintenance and adjustments on utility   •	 Check:
       vehicles                                            - tire pressure
                                                           - lubrication
                                                           - throttle system
                                                           - brakes
                                                           - fluid levels
                                                           - drive belt/chain/shaft
                                                           - chassis




                                               diamond driller                                            / 127
COMPETENCY	CHART




DIAMOND DRILLER corE

                                         A1                      A2                        A3        Use          A4                    A5
                                                Maintain                   Wear
 A / Work Safely                                personal                appropriate
                                                                                                   personal             Inspect              Participate
                                                 hygiene                                          protective           workplace         in safety programs
                                                                         clothing
                                                                                                  equipment

                                         B1        Use           B2                        B3
                                                                                                  Complete
 B / Use Communication Systems                communication       Convey messages
                                                 systems/                                         workplace
                                                                     with signals
                                                equipment                                       documentation

                                         C1                      C2
                                               Be prepared
 C / Demonstrate Fire Safety                     for re
                                                                          Use re
                                                                        extinguishers
                                               emergencies

                                         D1                      D2                        D3       Perform       D4
                                                  Prepare
 D / Respond to Emergencies                     to respond              Respond to                emergency       Perform emergency
                                              to emergencies            emergencies               shut down            evacuation
                                                                                                 of equipment

                                         E1                      E2                        E3                     E4                    E5
                                                  Follow                                                             Manage fuels
 E / Protect the Environment                                      Install containment              Manage                                    Respond
                                              environmental                                                           and other
                                                                       measures                     waste                                    to spills
                                                   plan                                                           hazardous materials

                                         F1                      F2                        F3
 F / Use Hand and Power Tools                   Describe                 Describe                 Use hand
                                                hand tools              power tools             and power tools


                                         G1                      G2                        G3                     G4                    G5
 G / Operate Service Equipment                   Operate                  Operate                  Operate             Operate           Operate recycling
                                                chainsaws                  pumps                  generators            mixers               systems


                                         H1                      H2                        H3                     H4
 H / Lift Loads                                   Plan                 Operate lifting             Rig and              Make
                                                   lift                 equipment                 secure load           the lift


                                         I1
 I / Interpret Layouts/Drill Hole Plan    Interpret layouts/
                                           drill hole plans


                                         J1                      J2
                                                                        Prepare and
 J / Recover and Handle Core                   Recover core            maintain core
                                                 sample                tube assembly

                                         K1
 K / Grout Diamond Drill Holes                Grout diamond
                                                 drill holes


                                         L1                      L2                        L3
                                                 Work in                  Work in a
 L / Be Professional                             a team               culturally diverse
                                                                                             Maintain good
                                                                                           community relations
                                               environment              environment




128 /                                                     National occupational Standards
             COMPETENCY	CHART




A6                    A7 Follow safety      A8                   A9                A10                 A11                 A12                     A13
        Adhere to                                                      Use fall        Follow safe                                   Erect            Work safely
                           guidelines for        Practice good                                               Use ladders         safety signs/
      lock-out and                                                    protection     manual handling                                                around vehicles/
                            using tools          housekeeping                                                   safely            barricades
     tag procedures                                                    systems          practices                                                   mobile equipment
                           and equipment




G6                    G7
       Operate               Maintain
        winch                 hoses




                                                                        diamond driller                                                    / 129
COMPETENCY	CHART




DIAMOND DRILLER SurFacE

                                   M1                       M2                       M3                    M4
 M / Work Safely                         Work safely               Work safely            Prevent forest    Use open- ame
                                        around aircraft             around                  res around      equipment safely
                                                                   watercraft                work site

                                   N1                       N2                       N3                    N4                   N5                    N6
                                       Operate
 N / Operate Mobile Equipment                                        Operate              Operate track           Operate       Operate all-terrain
                                                                                                                                                      Operate watercraft
                                   mobile equipment
                                                                     skidder                vehicle             snowmobile           vehicle
                                    safely off-road

                                   O1                       O2                       O3
                                      Follow land
 O / Perform Surface Site Set-Up   use plans and/or
                                                                   Construct            Build and
                                                                  access routes       maintain camps
                                   permit guidelines

                                   P1                       P2                       P3                    P4                   P5 Adapt surface      P6 Adapt surface
 P / Perform Surface Diamond              Transport                  Set up                 Operate            Maintain           diamond drilling         diamond drilling
     Drilling                           diamond drill             diamond drill           diamond drill     support services        for operating            for operating
                                                                                                                                        on ice               on a bargeft


DIAMOND DRILLER uNdErGrouNd

                                   Q1                       Q2                       Q3   Visually
 Q / Maintain Underground              Install and                Maintain and        inspect electrical
     Services                      maintain ventilation           extend air and     and communication
                                        systems                    water lines              lines

                                   R1                       R2                       R3
                                           Identify                Wash rock
 R / Scale Loose Rock
                                        conditions that             surfaces          Scale loose rock
                                        require scaling            for scaling

                                   S1                       S2    Operate
 S / Operate Pneumatic and/         Operate jackleg/          other pneumatic
     or Hydraulic Tools             stoper/plugger          and/or hydraulic tools
                                                               and equipment

                                   T1                        T2                      T3                    T4
 T / Install Staging                                                                        Construct
                                           Plan for          Construct wooden                                   Remove and
                                                                                           mechanical
                                           staging           and steel staging                                  store staging
                                                                                             staging

                                   U1                       U2                       U3                    U4
                                           Transport
 U / Perform Underground                 diamond drill               Set up                 Operate            Maintain
     Diamond Drilling                    underground              diamond drill           diamond drill     support services


                                   V1                       V2
                                           Operate
 V / Operate Underground                 underground
                                                                  Operate utility
     Transportation                                                 vehicles
                                         locomotives




130 /                                                     National occupational Standards
ESSENtial SKillS proFilE (ESp)




introduction

diamond drillers operate drilling equipment to drill holes into rock to retrieve core samples. they instruct, supervise
and work with a helper who provides the support services for the drilling operation.

the most important Essential Skills for diamond drillers are:
· problem Solving
· document use
· Working with others

A. READING TExT

 reading Text refers to reading material that is in the form of sentences or paragraphs. Reading Text generally
 involves reading notes, letters, memos, manuals, specifications, regulations, books, reports or journals.
 Reading Text includes:
 ·	 forms	and	labels	if	they	contain	at	least	one	paragraph;
 ·	 print	and	non-print	media	such	as	computer	screen	and	microfiche	text;	and
 · paragraph-length text within charts, tables and graphs.


the reading text complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 5 (most complex). the typical
text reading tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity levels 1-3. their most complex text reading tasks are at
complexity level 4.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· read emergency procedures and contact information for spills, accidents, fires, and other incidents posted on the
   wall in the drill shack. (1)
· Scan through codes in manuals to determine what various sensor and fault warning codes mean in order to
   determine how to correct or prevent a problem with drill operations. (1)
· read their cross shift’s logbook entries or their own entries from previous shifts to learn about drilling conditions
   and drill equipment performance. the entries are usually short, hand-written notes explaining the conditions
   encountered and the procedures followed as a result. (2)
·	 Read	recipes	that	describe	the	ingredients	and	proportions	for	mixing	different	types	of	mud;	the	recipes	
   sometimes include cementing procedures. (2)
·	 Read	the	drill	reference	manual	compiled	by	the	drilling	company;	contains	ideas	submitted	by	drillers	about	
   operating	the	drill	and	responses	to	the	conditions	encountered;	the	reference	manual	is	updated	regularly.	(2)




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· read a safety memo about an accident/incident carefully to determine what happened, why it happened and how
  to prevent the accident/incident from happening again. (2)
· read accident/incident reports to verify the details of the accident/incident with the foreman or site supervisor. (2)
· Skim through the cross shift’s report to check for problems and activities that might impact the upcoming shift. (2)
· Scan operating manuals for equipment such as drills and satellite phones to find specific information. they look
  for information about how to operate a specific feature or solve a problem. (2)
· May read aloud, or follow along with someone reading aloud, notes for the toolbox meeting. these notes are
  usually about one page in length and are about a safety topic that becomes the focus of discussions. the diamond
  drillers sign these notes to attest that they have been read aloud at the meeting. (2)
· read parts and service manuals, varying from 10-100 pages in length, for drills, down hole assemblies and other
  equipment	such	as	skidders	and	pumps;	the	information	is	provided	in	technical	text,	wiring	diagrams,	blueprints,	
  and	wiring	circuitry;	drillers	seek	this	information	to	make	repairs	and	to	order	parts	or	supplies.	(3)
· read company training materials to learn procedures such as lock-out and tag-out procedures, use of fall arrest
  systems, propane safety, WHMiS, operation of power tools and mobile equipment such as skidders, snowmobiles
  and atVs. (3)
· read client procedures that specify procedures that have to be followed, such as required ppE, speed limits,
  designated crossing areas at a mine site, camp rules, and meals times. the procedures are typically 1-2 pages. (3)
· read company policies and procedures manuals to learn expectations about safe work practices and how to
  operate equipment and prevent damage. (3)
· read drill operating manuals to learn what to check for in pre-operational inspections, how to set up, start up,
  shut	down	and	operate	the	equipment;	more	experienced	drillers	may	refer	to	operating	manuals	to	refresh	their	
  memory	if	dealing	with	a	seldom-performed	procedures;	some	manuals	are	generally	long,	but	have	tabs	to	make	
  it	easy	to	locate	specific	passages;	the	language	is	technical	and	industry	specific.	(3)
· read a specific section of an operating manual for the diamond drill motor to determine what is causing a
  problem and to identify a means to troubleshoot the problem. operating manuals are long, complex books/
  binders with technical text and may include schematics that are related to the text. (4)
· May read regulations governing safety and labour laws. For example, when working a new jurisdiction, they may
  check the maximum number of hours allowed in a standard workday or work week and when overtime rate must
  be paid. they may also refer to occupational health and safety books to determine requirements for working at a
  specific height. (4)
· May read the manual to operate and troubleshoot survey tools. the survey tools are used to provide down-hole
  readings such as angle, direction, temperature and magnetism. these are complex manuals, usually 10-15 pages
  in length, with technical language that is sometimes poorly translated making it more difficult to understand. (4)




132 /                                          National occupational Standards
ESSENtial SKillS proFilE (ESp)




reading profile


                   purpose for reading

                   to scan for specific      to skim for overall       to read the full text   to read the full text to
                   information/to locate     meaning;	to	get	the	      to understand or to     critique or to evaluate.
 type of text      information.              ‘gist’.                   learn.

 Forms                        3

 labels                                                 3

 Notes, letters,              3                         3
 Memos

 Manuals,                     3                                                  3
 Specifications,
 regulations

 reports, Books,
 Journals


B. DOCUMENT USE

 document use refers to tasks that involve a variety of information displays in which words, numbers, icons and
 other visual characteristics (e.g., line, colour, shape) are given meaning by their spatial arrangement. Workplace
 examples of documents include graphs, lists, tables, blueprints, schematics, drawings, signs and labels.

 if a document includes a paragraph of text, as may be the case on a label or a completed form, it is also included
 in reading Text. documents requiring the entry of words, phrases, sentences and paragraphs are also included in
 Writing.


the document use complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 5 (most complex). the
typical document reading tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity levels 1-2. their most complex document
reading tasks are at complexity level 3.




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Examples

diamond drillers:
· complete a bit report or form when a bit is changed to record the bit number, the hole numbers, and start and end
   depths to indicate its total footage. (1)
· interpret icons on controls in order to operate the drill and mobile equipment. (1)
· use pre-operational, operational and post-operational checklists to record completed inspections of consumables
   and	equipment	components;	items	on	the	checklist	include	the	five	steps	of	safety	for	driller	equipment	such	as	
   fluid levels and hazard checks. (1)
· read labels on mud additives to determine applications, mixing proportions and special ppE requirements. (1)
· check the job’s work schedule to determine their days off. they may also read the schedule to determine where the
   pick-up points are to get a ride to the site. (1)
· interpret signs in the drill shack and staff changing area for safety requirements such as ppE, fire equipment, and
   no smoking. (1)
· read labels on equipment to determine if the type of fuel they use. (1)
·	 Fill	out	reports	with	test	results	such	as	the	dip	(inclination)	of	the	hole;	the	azimuth	angle	(the	direction,	east	
   to west or left to right) in a down hole test, the magnetics (magnetic field), the temperature, and the tool face
   (wedge orientation of a tool). the test results are used to correct the direction of the hole. (2)
· read WHMiS sheets and symbols to identify safety hazards and procedures when handling hazardous
   materials. (2)
· read maps to locate drill sites and where to position the drill and support equipment such as the rod sloop or a
   helicopter landing pad. (2)
· read the markings on wood pickets at the drill sites. the markings indicate how to align the drill and the angle of
   its collar. (2)
· interpret colour codes in underground situations to put up the correct sign when working or to ensure compliance
   with signs put up by other workers. (2)
· check the codes on the wood blocks in the core boxes to ensure they are correctly noted. (2)
· read gauges on drill motors, especially psi readings for hydraulic fluid and water pressures. (2)
· interpret diagnostic readouts from computerized drilling equipment to determine the drill’s operating conditions
   such as temperature, hydraulic pressures, water pressure, fault warnings, and sensor warnings. (2)
· May have to read airline schedules, travel itineraries, tickets when travelling to remote worksites or worksites in
   another country. (2)
· May complete safety cards every shift to identify and rate hazards. drillers must read and sign off on the previous
   shifts cards as well as complete their own shift cards. (2)
· read and interpret drill layouts or plans to identify how the client wants the drill set up and the number of holes
   that need to be drilled. When drilling underground, the drill plan details the number and dip of the holes to be
   drilled from one drill position. For surface drilling, the drill plan could include a map with the location of the water
   source and its access route. (3)




134 /                                            National occupational Standards
ESSENtial SKillS proFilE (ESp)




Examples of creating documents

diamond drillers:
· May sketch the wedge assembly and its position in relation to the drill. it is important to know where the top of the
   wedge is to avoid hitting it when drilling resumes.
· May sketch out where they want equipment positioned on a work site when giving their helper instructions for the
   work site.

document use profile

diamond drillers:
· read signs, labels or lists.
· complete forms by marking check boxes, recording numerical information or entering words, phrases, sentences or
   texts of a paragraph or more. (the list of specific tasks varies depending on what was reported.)
· read completed forms containing check boxes, numerical entries, phrases, addresses, sentences or texts of a
   paragraph or more. (the list of specific tasks varies depending on what was reported.)
· read tables, schedules or other table-like text.
· Enter information on tables, schedules or other table-like text.
· recognize common angles such as 15º, 30º, 45º, and 90º.
· interpret scale drawings (e.g., blueprints or maps).
· Make measurements from scale drawings.
· read assembly drawings (e.g., those found in service and parts manuals).
· read schematic drawings (e.g., electrical schematics).
· Make sketches.
· obtain information from sketches, pictures or icons.

C. WRITING

 Writing includes:
 ·	 Text	writing	and	writing	in	documents	such	as	filling	in	forms;	and
 · Non-paper-based writing such as typing on a computer.


the Writing complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 5 (most complex). the typical writing
tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity level 2. their most complex writing tasks are at complexity level 3.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· Write the drill number, the footage, the depth of the hole and the box number on core boxes. (1)
· May fill out purchase order forms for parts providing a description of the part and its number. (1)
· Fill out pre-operational checks each shift. these are detailed equipment condition checks and are required
   by law. (2)
· Fill out shift reports (aka daily or daily time reports). the reports are standardized forms used track the activities



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      of each 12-hour shift for billing purposes. the completed forms provide information such as the hole number, core
      size, the number of metres cased and drilled, tests performed, the names of individuals who worked at the site
      and their hours, supplies consumed, and the hours spent at various activities such as drilling, reaming, wedging,
      repairs, teardown, and travel time. (2)
·     Keep a log book or diary to note drilling conditions, the type of equipment and supplies used, ground conditions,
      and problems encountered along with the solutions tried. (2)
·	    Fill	out	equipment	repair	or	maintenance	request	forms	when	needed;	drillers	usually	hand	write	the	details	in	a	
      few	words	or	sentences	to	explain	the	specific	repair	or	maintenance	required	for	the	piece	of	equipment	or	tool;	
      the completed form goes to the service/maintenance department. (2)
·     complete hazard identification reports every shift to identify and record any hazards or unsafe conditions that have
      been observed in the workplace. there are two separate reports one completed by the driller and another by the
      helper. Hazard identification reports include information about the work location, persons involved, the hazard, and
      the corrective action taken or the request for corrective action that was made in relation to the hazard. (2)
·     Fill out accident or incident reports using short sentences, phrases and diagrams to describe the accident or
      incident. (2)
·     Fill out shift reports (aka daily or daily time reports). the reports are standardized forms used track the activities of
      each 12-hour shift for inventory and billing purposes. the completed forms provide information such as the hole
      number, core size, the number of metres cased and drilled, tests performed, the amount of core retrieved, supplies
      consumed, the names of individuals who worked at the site and their hours, and the hours spent at various
      activities such as drilling, reaming, wedging, repairs, teardown, and travel time. they may also include a description
      of problems encountered and the solutions. (3)

Writing profile



                      purpose for Writing

                                     to keep     to inform/    to persuade/    to present an   to present an
                      to organize/
    length                           a record/   request       justify a       analysis or     evaluation or    to entertain
                      remember
                                     document    information   request         comparison      critique

    texts requiring
    less than one
                           3            3
    paragraph of
    new text
    texts rarely
    requiring more
                                                      3
    than one
    paragraph
    longer texts


other information

drillers do not write long texts. usually, the reports they need to complete are checklists or forms on which they record
numbers. they may write short phrases to describe ground conditions or equipment problems.




136 /                                               National occupational Standards
ESSENtial SKillS proFilE (ESp)




D. NUMERACy

 numeracy refers to the use of numbers by workers and their requirement to think in quantitative terms in order
 to complete tasks. two aspects of numeracy have complexity ratings: Numerical Calculation;	and,	Numerical
 Estimation.

 numerical Calculation is rated within four different application settings as specific knowledge of concepts or
 procedures are exclusive to each setting:
 · Money Math	-	financial	transactions,	such	as	handling	cash,	preparing	bills	or	making	payments;
 · Scheduling or Budgeting and accounting Math - managing time and money as resources, planning and
    monitoring	their	use,	assessing	best	value,	reducing	waste;
 · Measurement and Calculation Math	-	measuring	and	describing	the	physical	world;	and,
 · data analysis Math - analysis of numerical data such as extrapolation of information and determination of
    trends or statistically significant effects.

 numerical estimation refers to tasks involving any estimation (i.e., an approximation based on judgment) that
 results in a number.


Numerical calculation

the Numerical calculation rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 5 (most complex). the numerical
calculation tasks of diamond drillers involve:
· Money Math at complexity level 1.
· Measurement and calculation Math at complexity levels 1-3.
· data analysis at complexity levels 1-2.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· calculate cash bonuses earned by multiplying the number of metres or feet drilled by the cash amount paid per
   metre/foot. (Money Math) (1)
· calculate travel expenses such as mileage, per diems and meals. they complete expense claim forms and submit
   it along with receipts for reimbursement. (Money Math) (2)
· order supplies using the purchase order system. the drillers enter part numbers, number of units required, cost per
   unit, cost per total units of that type, add applicable taxes, and calculate the total dollar value. (Money Math) (2)
· read gauges to monitor water pressure, hydraulic fluid pressure and temperature, oil pressure, water temperature,
   motor rpms, torque (friction on the hole) and bit weight (how much weight is being applied to the bit). Fluctuations
   in these readings can indicate problems in the hole or with the equipment. (Measurement and calculation) (1)
· Monitor alternator gauge readings to ensure the electrical power system that energizes the lighting system is
   working properly. (Measurement and calculation) (1)
· calculate the hole depth by adding the number of rods on the drill string by the length of each rod (3 metres),
   then subtracting the constant, which is the length from the ground to the chuck. (Measurement and calculation
   Math) (1)




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· Measure volumes of mud and water using measuring containers marked in litres or cups (Measurement and
  calculation Math) (1)
· calculate time spent drilling by multiplying the number of pumping tubes used by the amount of time it took to
  get each one down the hole. to gather this information, the drillers pull one tube out and then pump the next
  one down and time how long it takes (e.g. 20 minutes) to get it down the hole. (Measurement and calculation
  Math) (2)
· convert between imperial and System international (metric) measuring systems depending on the system used
  by manufacturers and the client’s preference. they may need convert the length of rods from feet to metres for
  marking core boxes or convert litres to gallons when recording the amount of supplies needed on a purchase order.
  (Measurement and calculation Math) (2)
· Measure the amount of additives to mix into the water tank to condition the water for the drill. depending on
  the type of additive, the measurement can be estimated or must be measured precisely with a measuring cup.
  (Measurement and calculation) (2)
· Measure the core samples to create 3-metre lengths in each core box and marking each length with a wood block
  that states its starting depth. (Measurement and calculation Math) (1)
· calculate the number of bags of cement needed to grout holes by multiplying a hole’s volume by the number of
  holes that need to be filled. (Measurement and calculation) (2)
· calculate the ratio of oil to gas for chainsaw and snowmobile fuel and then measure the amount of oil as they add
  it to the gas container. (Measurement and calculation) (2)
· take readings using various survey tools. the tools are put down the hole to specified depth intervals to take
  azimuth and degree readings of the hole. these are precise readings that provide information on the straightness
  and alignment of the hole. (Measurement and calculation) (3)
· Set the angle of the drill using a clinometer (aka digital protractor). it is important that the measurement is precise
  to within a degree. if the hole is started at the wrong angle, a new hole has to be started, resulting in delays and
  increased costs for the drilling company. (3)
· Monitor the angle of the drill by taking readings with the downhole survey tool. the tool is put down the hole to
  specified depth intervals to take azimuth and degree readings. these are precise readings that provide information
  on the straightness and alignment of the hole. Experienced drillers correct the direction of the drill as needed by
  inserting a wedge. (How do inexperienced drillers correct the direction?) (3)
· determine displacement volumes to calculate the amount of cement needed to fill the hole. they use data about
  the size (depth?) of the hole, the size and number of rods, and the amount of water used. (3)
· May calculate the average footage for different bit types in various ground conditions. this information helps
  the company to purchase the most durable bits and drillers select the most suitable type for the current ground
  conditions. (data analysis) (2)

Numerical Estimation

the Numerical Estimation rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4. the numerical estimation tasks
of diamond drillers are at a complexity level 1.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· Estimate how many metres they will drill in a shift to motivate themselves and their helper and to create a friendly
   competition with cross shift. (1)



138 /                                           National occupational Standards
ESSENtial SKillS proFilE (ESp)




· Eye core tubes to ensure they are straight. if tubes are not straight, they can get jammed in the rods and cause a
  problem and a delay in drilling. (1)
· Estimate the length of water line needed to run from the water source to the drill by dividing the total distance, say
  3000 feet, by the length on each roll of line (i.e., 100 ft) to determine how many rolls of water line are needed. (1)
· Estimate the amount of wood needed for the core boxes by taking the specified hole depth by the amount of
  core stored in each box (4 metres) to determine the number of box tops and bottoms needed. For example, a
  100-metre hole will need 25 box tops and 25 bottoms. (1)
· project the completion time of a hole by dividing the required hole depth by the amount of time taken to achieve
  the current footage. there is no requirement to be accurate as there are many variables that could cause a delay
  and throw the projected completion time off. (2)
· Estimate the amount of consumable materials (such as bits, oils, muds, wood for core boxes) they will need for
  future shifts in order to have enough supplies to avoid down time while at the same time avoiding overstocking
  and risking spoilage and other types of loss. to estimate the amounts needed, they consider a number of factors
  unique to each situation such as hole conditions, remoteness of the site, weather conditions, cost per unit, shelf
  life, storage requirements and the availability from suppliers. (3)

Math Skills profile

a.   Mathematical Foundations Used

 Number concepts
                           read and write, count, add or subtract, multiply or divide whole numbers. For example,
                           read and write hole depth numbers when completing shift reports, count the number of
                           hours the drill was operated, add the length of core pulled, write numbers on core blocks
 Whole Numbers             and boxes, count the number of rods being added to the drilling string, subtract the
                           constant to calculate hole depth, multiply the number of core boxes to get an estimate
                           of the amount of core recovered, divide the hole depth to determine intervals for taking
                           survey tool readings.
                           read and write integers. For example, read and write negative drill angle positions for
 integers
                           correct drill set-ups.
                           read and write fractions. For example, read sizes of tools and equipment parts in
 rational Numbers –
                           imperial, e.g. ½ inch wrench. May need to order parts that are measured in fractions.
 Fractions
                           double or halve the amount of ingredients in mud recipes.
                           read and write, round off, add or subtract decimals, multiply or divide by a decimal,
                           multiply or divide decimals. For example, use metric measurements to calculate hole
 rational Numbers –
                           depth by adding rod lengths, use metric measurements of rod lengths to determine
 decimals
                           depth intervals for taking survey readings. For example, adding expenses, calculating
                           mileage rates on expense claim forms
                           read and write percents, calculate the percent one number is of another, calculate
 rational Numbers –        a percent of a number. For example, will calculate the percentage of core recovery
 percents                  because sometimes this measurement is used to calculate drilling bonuses. For example,
                           calculating GSt on expense claim forms




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 patterns and relations
                              Solve	problems	by	constructing	and	solving	equations	with	one	unknown;	use	formulae	
                              by	inserting	quantities	for	variables	and	solving;	write,	simplify	and	solve	two	variable	
 Equations and
                              algebraic	problems;	write,	simplify	and	solve	quadratic	equations.	For	example,	
 Formulae
                              calculating the time spent by multiplying the number of tubes used by the amount of
                              time it takes to get one tube down the hole
                              use a rate showing comparison between two quantities with different units, use a ratio
                              showing comparison between two quantities with the same units. For example, calculate
                              the	rate	of	penetration	of	the	drill	by	comparing	the	time	of	drilling	by	the	footage	drilled;	
 use of rate, ratio and
                              when	adding	a	quantity	of	additive	to	gallons	of	water	in	the	water	tank;	when	mixing	
 proportion
                              gallons	of	water	with	bags	of	cement	to	grout	holes;	when	mixing	oil	and	gas	mixtures	
                              to fuel chainsaws or snowmobiles, For example, use rate, ratios and proportions for the
                              mud recipes
 use scale drawings           See Document Use for information.
 Shape and Spatial Sense
 Measurement                  perform measurement conversions. For example, convert rod measurements from feet to
 conversions                  metres, convert water consumption from litres to gallons.
                              calculate areas, calculate volumes. For example, measure out a specific area to build
 areas, perimeters,
                              a	helicopter	pad;	calculate	the	volume	of	a	hole	in	order	to	mix	the	correct	amount	of	
 Volumes
                              cement. For example, calculate the amount of space needed to set up the drill
                              use geometry. For example, set up the drill at the correct azimuth angle as specified in
 Geometry
                              the drill layout/plan.
 recognize
                              See Document Use for information.
 common angles
 draw, sketch and
 form coming forms            See Document Use for information.
 and figures
 Statistics and probability
                              calculate averages. For example, calculating the shift production average by adding the
 Summary calculations         feet	drilled	per	shift	by	the	number	of	shifts;	calculating	the	average	footage	drilled	per	
                              bit.
 use tables, schedules
                              See Document Use for information
 or other table-like text
 use graphical
                              See Document Use for information
 presentations




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b.   How Calculations Are Performed
diamond drillers perform calculations:
· in their head.
· using a pen and paper.
· using a calculator.

c.   Measurement Instruments Used
diamond drillers measure:
· time. For example, using a watch or clock
· distance or dimension. For example, using a map.
· liquid volume. For example, using a measuring cup.
· temperature. For example, using a downhole survey tool.
· pressure. For example, using a pressure gauge.
· Volts. For example, using an electrical gauge.
· angles. For example, using a clinometer (a.k.a. digital protractor) or downhole survey tool

diamond drillers use the:
· System international measurement system.
· imperial measurement system.

E. ORAL COMMUNICATION

 oral Communication pertains primarily to the use of speech to give and exchange thoughts and information.


the oral communication complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex).
the typical oral communication tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity level 2. their most complex oral
communication tasks are at complexity level 3.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· receive instructions from their foreman regarding changes to drill angle, changes in the drill program, hole shut
   downs and moves. (1)
· remind helpers to check fuel and fluid levels in equipment. (1)
· tell their helpers the tasks they want completed while the drill is down for repair or maintenance. (1)
· May inform the camp cook about dietary preferences or food allergies. (1)
· Explain to their helpers how to carry out support tasks safely and efficiently. (2)
· discuss safety concerns with their foreman. (2)
· interact with cross shift personnel to find out or inform them about what has happened on the shift, any
   equipment or ground condition problems, the time of the last fueling, types of additives used, bit changes and any
   other information that could affect drilling operations. (2)




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· instruct drill support staff who may be manning water and/or cutting lines to check the lines or pump when water
  pressures are changing. (2)
· describe problems they are experiencing with the equipment to mechanics. a miscommunication could result in
  increased downtime. (2)
· talk to managers and other office staff via telephone to ask about holidays, pay periods or to discuss work
  schedules and arrangements made for travel and accommodation for upcoming jobs. (2)
· talk to client field representatives, such as geologists or technicians, in face-to-face conversations, or via telephone
  or two-way radio. the purpose of these conversations is to answer questions, to give information such as hole
  updates, and to discuss issues or concerns about the job. (2)
· May receive instructions from the geologist or client about drill dip and azimuth, hole shut down, or to answer
  questions about ground/hole conditions, depths or core recovery rates. Miscommunication can result in a loss of
  time, money and potentially the contract, future work or dismissal. (2)
· communicate with the truck driver or helicopter pilot and other riders when commuting to and from the work site
  at the beginning or end of days off. (2)
· communicate with their helpers face-to-face on an on-going basis, because they work as a team of two at the
  drill site. the purpose of their communication is to give and receive information to clarify tasks, solve problems,
  coordinate efforts, and work safely. (3)
· Exchange information with their foreman face-to-face or via telephone or two-way radio. drillers update their
  foreman about job status, machine or hole problems and report incidents. drillers also seek information, ideas and
  supplies from their foreman. this interaction is informal and about familiar topics. (3)
· May communicate with pilots for loading and moving equipment and drill components when the drill is being
  moved. a miscommunication when handling equipment being moved could result in damaged equipment, injury or
  loss of life. (3)

Modes of communication used

diamond drillers communicate:
· in person.
· using the telephone.
· using a two-way radio or other such means.
· using specialized communication signals, such as hand signals.

Environmental Factors impacting communication

diamond drillers work in very noisy conditions. drill motors make a lot of noise and impede verbal conversation.
diamond drillers and their helpers need to shout or speak very loudly to be heard. in addition, they are required
to wear hearing protection (i.e., ear plugs and/or muffs), which further impedes communication. as a result,
communication is often carried out with eye and hand gestures. Eye contact between drillers and helpers is critical
during certain tasks, such as when breaking rods overhead, to ensure each other’s safety. after working together for
some time, the driller and helper tend to create their own system of communication.

rigs are sometimes moved by helicopter. When working with helicopters to move drills, drillers need to use
standardized hand signals to communicate with the pilot.

drillers and their helpers are not allowed to use personal cell phones and personal audio devices at the drill site as
they are a distraction when operating equipment.


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other information

it is very important to listen to equipment, especially mechanical equipment, for changes or variations in noises,
such as high-pitched noises or a laboured whine that may indicate a problem. Similarly, vibrations and changes in
vibrations of equipment may also indicate a potential problem. For example, changes in ground condition or rubbing
against a wedge can cause variations in vibrations.

drillers need to listen for alarms that indicate dangerous situations, such as when working around mobile equipment
or when methane detectors go off. Some alarms are olfactory (e.g., stench gas), which ensures that people with
hearing protection and working in dark or closed environments will be alerted to an emergency situation.

almost all their communication is about familiar topics. the content of the communication is usually familiar and
includes several drilling-specific terms that are commonly understood by drillers and their co-workers.

results of miscommunication may include low morale, poor productivity, machine shut down and loss of revenue.
Miscommunication or lack of communication causes most of the injuries and accidents on the worksite.

ORAL COMMUNICATION PROFILE

                           purposes of oral communication (part 1)

                                                    to provide/receive       to seek,      to co-ordinate
                                       to take                                                              to reassure,
 type                      to greet                 information,             obtain        work with that
                                       messages                                                             comfort
                                                    explanation, direction   information   of others

 listening (little or
                                                              3                   3
 no interaction)
 Speaking (little or
 no interaction)
 interact with
                                 3                            3                   3              3
 co-workers
 interact with those
                                 3                            3                   3              3
 you supervise or direct
 interact with
                                 3                            3                   3              3
 supervisor/manager
 interact with
 customers/                      3                            3                   3
 clients/public
 interact with
 suppliers, servicers
 participate in
                                                              3                   3
 group discussion
 present information
 to a small group



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 present information
 to a large group
 present information to
 a large group


                           purposes of oral communication (part 2)

                           to discuss
                                                                        to instruct, instill
                           (exchange      to           to facilitate,                          to negotiate,
 type                                                                   understanding,                          to entertain
                           information,   persuade     animate                                 resolve conflict
                                                                        knowledge
                           opinions)

 listening (little or
 no interaction)
 Speaking (little or
 no interaction)
 interact with
                                 3
 co-workers
 interact with those
                                 3                                              3
 you supervise or direct
 interact with
                                 3                                              3
 supervisor/manager
 interact with
 customers/                                                                     3
 clients/public
 interact with
 suppliers, servicers
 participate in
                                 3
 group discussion
 present information
 to a small group
 present information
 to a large group




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F. THINKING SKILLS



 Thinking skills differentiate among five different types of cognitive functions. However, these functions are
 interconnected and include:
 1. problem Solving
 2. decision Making
 3. critical thinking
 4. Job task planning and organizing
 5. Significant use of Memory
 6. Finding information


1.   Problem Solving


 Problem solving involves problems that require solutions. For example, a mechanic solves problems, e.g., the
 car shakes when driven over 80 km./hr., by eliminating probable causes until the correct one is identified and
 remedied. Most problems concern mechanical challenges, people or situations.


the problem Solving complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex). the
typical problem solving tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity levels 1-3. their most complex problem solving
tasks are at complexity levels 4.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· deal with rods that have been accidently dropped in the hole. to solve the problem, they lower a tap, thread the
   tap to the rod at the bottom and carefully pull the drill string back up. if the drill string is heavy, they may send
   down the wireline to retrieve the core tube assembly first to lighten the load. (1)
· Must deal with fraying cable as weak cable can cause problems with operations and is expensive to replace. a
   common cause of fraying cable is improper spooling. the solution is to spool the cable more slowly to ensure the
   rounds are tight and do not allow room for the next layer to get pushed down in between and cause friction. (1)
· Sometimes read the pickets incorrectly and set the drill up backwards. if drilling has started, the driller needs to
   pull the rods and set up the drill again before restarting drilling. (1)
· deal with broken wirelines. to solve this problem, they use a hook (aka fishing tool) to go down to catch and pull
   out the wireline, or they can pull the rods out of the hole. if using pulling out the wireline, they need to determine
   the most cost effective method of retrieving it. (1)
·	 Face	challenges	when	the	casing	vibrates	below	the	surface	of	the	overburden.	This	situation	has	to	be	fixed;	
   otherwise the overburden can cave into the hole. to solve this problem, the drilling string has to be broken and
   another piece of casing threaded onto the existing casing to ensure it is above the surface of the overburden. (1)
· Must deal with casing seizing when drilling through overburden. to avoid burning the shoes, drillers examine the
   mud to determine if it is too watery and correct by adding the appropriate type and quantity of additive. (1)




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· are sometimes faced with loose rock coming down while drilling in an underground environment. When this
  happens, they need to stop drilling and sound the rock face and scale the loose rock. to avoid this situation,
  drillers take breaks from drilling throughout the shift to scale the rock. (1)
· Sometimes have to deal with the lights going out during a night shift. their immediate response is to improvise
  with headlamps or flashlights in order to continue drilling. as soon as they have an opportunity, they determine
  the source of the outage (e.g., burned out light bulb, disconnected light fixture, problem with power source) and
  fix it. (1)
· Face challenges with their tools such as a pipe wrench that slips when trying to break rods. in these situations,
  they need to repair the tool (e.g., change the jaws on the pipe wrench) or replace it. (1)
· Have difficulties getting core samples out of the tube. to solve this problem, they may lightly tap the tube to loosen
  core or take off the lifter assembly to slide the core out backwards. (1)
· Have to fix the water swivel when it busts in half. they have two choices in these situations: either go up the tower
  to remove and replace the swivel, or break off the rod to bring down the rod so the swivel can be worked on at
  ground level. the best solution will depend on how accessible the swivel is. (1)
· Have to stop drilling when the water stops flowing. in these situations, they check the water lines and the pump
  to determine what the source of the problem is. it could be frozen water lines, a leak in the line, a malfunctioning
  pump, or no fuel in pump. if the pump is malfunctioning, drillers check to see if it is the pump or motor that is the
  source of the problem. if it is the pump, they check the inlet to see if the screen is blocked. Sometimes they have
  to dismantle the pump to remove debris. (2)
· May deal with new helpers who do not learn their tasks quickly. the drillers need to remain patient and continue
  demonstrating and monitoring the work of the helper until the tasks can be done unsupervised. (2)
· Find a solution when the drill quits working. usually, the solution is not immediately evident and drillers need to
  examine all the possibilities. they assess the source of the problem by checking fuel levels, electrical systems,
  and the hole. constant monitoring of the gauges helps in this situation as that information may indicate where the
  problem is. (3)
· Have to deal with core tubes that clog up. First, they check the water pressure and water return to see if they are
  related to the problem. However, the problem could be unrelated to water and it may be the tube is not seated
  properly. the drillers continue to explore all the probable, then possible, causes until they find the source. then,
  they make the appropriate adjustments such as slowing down the drill or relieving pressure. (3)
· Have challenges with burnt drill bits. they need to use the information they have collected through observation
  to help determine the cause. it could be that the ground conditions are too hard, the drill has run too long on
  the same bit, the start up was too fast, or the mud mixture is not right. they need to pull the rods, and decide
  if the type of bit needs to changed due to the ground conditions or they need to go slower and not push the
  bit so hard. (3)
· deal with dull bits with insufficient diamonds exposed. one option is to sharpen or strip the bit by cutting off
  the water for a second or two to create more friction. this is risky as the bit can “burn” quickly due to excessive
  friction. (3)
· Encounter abnormal hole conditions such as broken ground, soft rock, sand, squeezing zones, or ground faults. as
  a result, the water can go the wrong way and drilling is negatively affected. drillers will rely on their own experience
  and that of their foreman to determine how the machine operating parameters need to change and increase
  or reduce penetration rates. For example, drillers may change some of the parameters such as decrease the
  penetration rate, slow down the torque (rpms), or increase the water, and observe the results. drillers evaluate the
  solution based on satisfactory penetration or drilling rates. the satisfaction of the solution is confirmed by referring
  to the gauges and comparing drilling results to what they should be achieving. (3)




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· deal with the loss of pressure in the hydraulic pump identified by a gauge reading. they check the hydraulic system
  for leaks and the condition of components to find the source of loss pressure. (3)
· Sometimes encounter a ground fault such as a gouge zone or unstable rock. drillers may be able to feel it in the
  drill and hear it too or observe its impact on the gauges. drillers try to solve the problem by increasing or adjusting
  the mud or by slowing the penetration rate. they may also re-ream the hole (i.e., drill and re-drill) or cement the
  hole (close and re-drill it). Graphite faults are soft and as a result, the hole takes on fluid and becomes unstable.
  Every fault is different and create a situation of uncertainty where drillers may have to stop drilling in order to
  keep safety as the first priority. this can be a difficult decision as stopping drilling entails huge costs as the
  client only pays for successful hole completion. drillers make this decision with their foreman following company
  procedures. (4)

2.   Decision Making


 decision making refers to making a choice among options.

 decision making occurs during problem solving, but not all decision making is part of problem solving. it is,
 therefore, presented as a separate thinking skill. For example, buyers for retail outlets regularly make decisions
 about which suppliers to buy from, i.e., they select from the options for particular types of merchandise. this is not
 problem solving.


the decision Making complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex). the
typical decision making tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity levels 1-2. their most complex decision making
tasks are at complexity levels 3.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· decide when to leave drill running, but not rotating. (1)
· decide when the drill casing has hit bedrock and the drill can be set up for bit drilling. (1)
· decide when to check up on and refuel the drill motors and pump motors based on how much time has past since
   the last refueling. (1)
· decide on housekeeping and other tasks to complete when drill is not in operation and which of those tasks to
   assign the helper such as hosing down drill shack and maintaining or storing tools. (1)
· decide when to set up timbers under drill considering ground stability and risk to operations. (1)
· decide whether or not to anchor the drill by drilling a rod into the rock to prevent the drill from moving. (1)
· decide whether or not to attempt a small repair or call the foreman to bring in a mechanic. (2)
· decide what type of bit to use based on task and ground conditions. (2)
· decide when to pull the rods to check to see if the bit needs to be replaced. they consider any changes in drilling
   performance and operations that might indicate that the bit is too worn. (2)
· decide when to leave the drill helper at the drill alone for short periods of time. this decision is based on how
   experienced the helper is and if the driller is confident that they can carry out tasks competently without constant
   supervision. (2)




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· decide what type of additive to add to the drilling water based on the desired results such as stabilize the hole
  and/or overburden, reduce vibration, or assist with core recovery. (2)
· decide when to put in additives to the water based on how the drill is running and ground conditions. (2)
· decide when to warm the water lines to prevent freezing in extremely cold weather. (2)
· decide at what point the condition of the tube assembly is likely to affect drilling and should be replaced. (2)
· decide when to put the different components of the equipment into motion based on the task, timing and how to
  get the job done most efficiently. (2)
· decide on the drilling parameters which include inches per minute (rate of penetration), rpMs (torque), gallons
  of water per minute, and type and mixture of mud. they select and adjust the drilling parameters to achieve safety
  and productivity. drillers consider their own experience and the company’s operating guidelines. they follow the
  guidelines and make adjustments considering factors in the current situation such as the number of rods, ground
  conditions, the type of equipment and bit being used, and safety requirements. a mistake in parameters can cause
  operating problems that result in decreased production and increased costs. (3)

3.   Critical Thinking


 Critical Thinking is the process of evaluating ideas or information, using a rational, logical thought process, and
 referring to objective criteria, to reach a rational judgement about value, or to identify strengths and weaknesses.

 Critical Thinking may be an element in other thinking skills. For example, judgement is sometimes required to
 evaluate the choices offered during the course of decision Making and to evaluate solutions proposed as a result
 of Problem Solving. in other cases, critical thinking is an independent job task.


the critical complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex). the typical
critical thinking tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity level 2. their most complex critical thinking tasks are
at complexity level 3.

Examples

diamond drillers:
· Evaluate when to stop working to avoid risk to their own and their helper’s safety as well as to avoid damage to
   equipment that could result in extended downtime and expensive repair or replacement costs. (2)
· Evaluate penetration rate in relation to expectations. once they start getting core out of the hole, drillers check
   their gauges and the results to determine if they have achieved the desired penetration rate. the penetration rate
   includes a certain speed and delivery of samples that are clean, intact and protected. if the penetration rate does
   not meet expectations, they review the speed, the type of consumables used (e.g., mud, drill rod grease), and the
   bit types used to determine what adjustments to make. (2)
· Judge whether or not to treat an injured person in the field and continue working or to shut down and take an
   injured or ill person to the hospital for medical treatment. the make this judgment based on the risk to the
   individual’s health and well being. (2)
· Evaluate whether to change drilling strategies as a result of down hole problems. they evaluate all the variables to
   assess the type of problem being dealt with and the effectiveness of the various adjustments that could be made.
   they will reflect on guidelines, past experiences and solutions to determine what course of action to take. (3)




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4.   Job Task Planning and Organizing


 there are two aspects to Planning and organizing: Job Task Planning and organizing and
 organizational Planning.

 Job Task Planning and organizing refers to the extent to which the workers plan and organize their own tasks.

 organizational Planning refers to the job incumbent’s involvement in the organization’s broader planning and
 organizing tasks (i.e., planning and organizing the work of others, operational planning, strategic planning).


the Job task planning and organizing rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex).
diamond drillers plan and organize their job tasks at complexity level 2.

description

drillers are hired to drill holes according to a specified layout or program that has been developed by the drilling
company’s	client.	The	drilling	company’s	foreman	gives	work	assignments	to	the	driller;	the	driller	plans	and	organizes	
the work assignments. depending drillers’ level of expertise and relationship with their foreman, they may provide
feedback into more efficient ways to carry out a drill program, but generally, the client specifies how the drilling is to
be carried out.

drilling is a series of repetitious tasks: drilling, adding rods, and pulling core. these tasks are repeated until the
required hole depth is attained or when instructed by the foreman to shut the hole down. there is also a specific
routine for set up and take down.

Within this repetition, there is variety. drillers’ routines do vary due to challenges caused by ground conditions, weather
and/or equipment problems. drilling programs vary from one client to the next and from one region to another.
there may be changes in the drilling program as drilling progresses and new information is made available. Holes
will be drilled, holes will shut down, holes may be grouted, the angle of the drill may be changed, or the drill moved
to another location. there is preventative maintenance that needs to be carried out, and equipment problems that
demand unscheduled maintenance. When equipment maintenance is carried out by others, drillers use the time to
complete housekeeping, inventory and tool maintenance tasks.
the driller plans the work of his helper. they work closely together on all tasks and it is the driller’s responsibility to
determine how this can be done most efficiently. the amount of time spent on planning and organizing the helper’s
work varies and changes with conditions encountered.

organizational planning

drillers may provide input into operational decisions regarding equipment purchases by informing the drilling company
of different equipment that they have used and prefer. their feedback on unsafe conditions may require the drilling
company to make operational changes to policies and procedures. although drillers’ performance and reports will feed
into the drilling company’s long term plans and the type of work pursued by the company, drillers typically do not have
direct input into the long-term goals or strategic planning of the drilling company they work for.




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5.   Significant Use of Memory


 Significant use of Memory includes any significant or unusual use of memory for workers in the occupational
 group. it does not include normal memory use that is a requirement for every occupation.


Examples

diamond drillers:
· remember what drilling techniques and supplies work for different ground conditions based on past experience.
· remember the hole number.
· remember procedures for putting markers in core and what to write on the boxes.
· remember how many rods have been put down the hole.
· remember what tools to use for specific jobs.
· remember procedures for common drilling tasks.
· remember how much holes can bend depending on the angle and distance being drilled.
· remember what bit types are best for different types of rock.
· remember what the optimal gauges readings are when operating the drill.
· remember how long fully fuelled equipment will run before it runs out.
· remember the time when equipment was last fuelled to ensure equipment is refueled before it runs out.
· remember when equipment is due for preventative maintenance.
· remember where tools are supposed to be kept, so that they are put back in the same location ensuring that
   they are always available when needed.
· remember where caches of equipment and supplies are located so they can go back and pick up materials
   when needed.
· remember what supplies to take from camp for their next shift.

6.   Finding Information


 finding Information involves using any of a variety of sources including text, people, computerized databases or
 information systems.

 finding Information is highlighted in this section as an essential job skill. However, workers’ use of various
 information sources may be referred to in other sections such as A. Reading Text, B. Use of Documents, E. Oral
 Communication and H. Computer Use.


the Finding information complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex).
diamond drillers’ tasks that involve finding information are at complexity level 1.




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Examples

diamond drillers:
· look up lubricant specifications for equipment in operating manuals. (1)
· attend tool box meetings to get information on how to work more safely and efficiently. (1)
· attend orientation meetings to obtain information on new regulations and how it impacts drilling work. (1)
· look up proper operating procedures for use of unfamiliar tools such as survey tools. (1)
· look up information about chemicals or additives on MSdS sheets. they look for information about how to mix
   additives, the correct amount to use, hazards associated with handling it, or storage requirements. drillers might
   refer to the MSdS sheets rarely or every week. they find this information in binders or on the internet. (1)
·	 Look	up	information	about	how	to	trouble	shoot	equipment	problems	to	repair	the	equipment;	this	happens	rarely;	
   they will find the information in hard copy or electronic manuals. (1)
· contact their foreman to ask for recommendations about how to handle new challenges such as a change in
   ground conditions. (1)

G. WORKING WITH OTHERS

 the Essential Skill of Working with others examines the extent to which employees work with others to carry out
 their tasks. do they have to work co-operatively with others? do they have to have the self-discipline to meet work
 targets while working alone?


the Working with others complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex).
diamond drillers work with others at complexity level 3.

description

drilling is a two-person job. the driller and the driller’s helper work as a team. drillers are the supervisor and the
leader	of	the	team;	the	helpers	provide	the	support	services	for	the	drillers.	Helpers	are	usually	in	training	to	become	
drillers and benefit from drillers who are willing to share their expertise. Many tasks, such as moving the drill and
breaking rods, are carried out as a team with drillers providing the instructions on how these tasks need to be carried
out. drillers need to be able to make decisions quickly and helpers need to be able to take instruction and act on it
without hesitation or questioning. drilling sometimes requires fast action to avoid problems that could cause serious
losses	for	the	company	or	threaten	worker	safety.	They	need	to	be	able	to	work	in	tandem	and	in	pressure	situations;	
they also need to be patient with each other. When drillers and helpers do not have a good working relationship, it
results in poor work environment and morale.

drillers also work as part of a larger team. there is generally a cross shift with whom they need to cooperate and
communicate to prevent problems and address safety issues. the condition in which the drill, drill shack and
supporting equipment are handed over to the next shift affects its productivity. the more efficiently and safely the core
is recovered, the greater the financial rewards for the drillers—many working arrangements include bonuses for core
recovery.




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the company team also includes a foreman and sometimes a full-time mechanic and multiple drilling teams. in camp
situations, the drillers and helpers live and work with each other. they also interact with a cook and cleaning staff
on site. drillers also interact with office staff and the company owner to organize transportation, work schedules and
address issues related to pay.

participation in Supervisory or leadership activities

diamond drillers:
· Have opportunities to make suggestions on improving work processes.
· Monitor the work performance of others.
· inform other workers or demonstrate to them how tasks are performed.
· orient new employees.
· Make hiring recommendations.
· assign routine tasks to other workers.
· assign new or unusual tasks to other workers.

H. COMPUTER USE

 Computer use indicates the variety and complexity of computer use within the occupational group.


the computer use rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 5 (most complex). the computer use
tasks of diamond drillers are at complexity level 2.

computer use profile

diamond drillers:
· use word processing. For example, may send in complete daily drilling reports.
· use computer-assisted design, manufacturing and machining. For example, newer drilling equipment provides
   readings on water and hydraulic pressure and sensor warnings as digital readouts.
· use communications software. For example, may send in requests for supplies or parts to their foreman by e-mail.
· use internet. For example, may seek information using search engines or complete web-based training.

I. CONTINUOUS LEARNING

 Continuous Learning examines the requirement for workers in an occupational group to participate in an ongoing
 process of acquiring skills and knowledge.

 Continuous Learning tests the hypothesis that more and more jobs require continuous upgrading, and that all
 workers must continue learning in order to keep or to grow with their jobs. if this is true, then the following will
 become Essential Skills:
 ·	 Knowing	how	to	learn;
 ·	 Understanding	one’s	own	learning	style;	and
 · Knowing how to gain access to a variety of materials, resources and learning opportunities.



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ESSENtial SKillS proFilE (ESp)




the continuous learning complexity rating Scale ranges from level 1 (least complex) to level 4 (most complex).
diamond drillers perform continuous learning tasks at complexity level 2.

description

drillers are required to renew their certifications on a regular basis, such as WHMiS, First aid, H2S and transportation
of dangerous Goods. training programs that are directly related to their work are typically provided by or paid for
by the employer. Employers may also provide support and pay for upgrades to certifications, such as industrial
first aid. another type of formal learning in which drillers participate are training sessions provided by equipment
manufacturers.

Most of a driller’s learning occurs informally on the job. they need to adapt to new equipment, supplies and different
ground conditions by seeking information and learning through trial and error.

drillers may also seek career enhancement training such as supervisory or management skills.

their employer provides some training. they also seek training on their own through extension programs in their
community or through computer-based training. Most drillers are computer literate and can access computer-based
training in camp or on their time off.

How the learning occurs

learning may be acquired:
· as part of regular work activity.
· From co-workers.
· through training offered in the workplace.
· through reading and other forms of self-study:
   - at work.
   - on the workers own time.
   - using materials available through work.
   - using materials obtained through a professional association or union.
   - using materials obtained on worker’s own initiative.
· through off-site training:
   - during working hours at no cost to the worker.
   - partially subsidized.
   - With costs paid by the worker.




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ESSENtial SKillS proFilE (ESp)




J. OTHER INFORMATION

 other Information summarizes additional information collected during interviews with job incumbents and focus
 groups with occupational experts.


in addition to collecting information for this Essential Skills profile, our interviews with job incumbents also asked
about the following topics.

1.   Physical Aspects
Body Position
drillers spend a lot of time on their feet or sitting at the control panel. Helpers do most of the physically
demanding tasks.

Limb Co-ordination
drillers need good eye-hand coordination when working with tools, rods and dropping wire overshots down the rods.
they need to be multi-dexterous and be able to multi-task, to operate all the levers and controls and monitor the
gauges and listen to the sounds and feel vibration changes in equipment.

Strength
drillers need physical strength to break apart rods and tighten hoses. their helpers typically lift the heavier objects
such as full core boxes. drillers need to be able to lift 80-100 pounds.

2.   Attitudes
drillers need to be assertive and, at the same time, patient with equipment and helpers. they must be ambitious and
cooperative – they must be able to work with a partner and as a member of the team to achieve production goals. in
order to meet their production goals they also need to see the value in being precise, thinking ahead and staying calm
when problems arise. they need to be able to work 12-hour shifts in isolated and remote areas for extended periods,
e.g., 2-4 weeks. they need to have a safety-oriented approach to work. they need to have a positive attitude, not be
afraid to ask questions, be flexible and be willing to learn and admit to errors.

3.   Future Trends Affecting Essential Skills

the advancement in tools and techniques are decreasing the physical demands of drilling work, and increasing the
knowledge demands. New equipment is increasingly computerized—it is possible that someday drillers may be able to
set the parameters and operate the machine remotely.

Safety and environmental concerns have increased the amount of paper work required, and as a result, drillers will
continue to spend considerable time completing documentation. the amount of documentation that is created,
updated and stored electronically is also increasing, and in turn, increasing the computer knowledge required
by drillers.

the number of changes taking place in the industry is increasing, making continuous learning more important to
drillers so they can stay current throughout their career.




154 /                                            National occupational Standards
NotES




        diamond driller   / 155
NotES




156 /   National occupational Standards

				
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