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					Clinical Psychology I - Psychological Disorders



•   Anxiety Disorders
•   Mood Disorders
•   Psychotic Disorders
•   Dissociative Disorders
•   Personality Disorders
                Anxiety Disorders


• Phobias
• Generalized Anxiety Disorder/Panic Disorder
  • Panic Attacks
  • Agoraphobia
• Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Repetitive Thoughts
  • Repetitive Behaviours
Common Obsessions and Compulsions
           Explaining Anxiety Disorders



• Psychoanalytic Perspective
  • Little Hans as an example
• Learning Perspective
  • Little Albert as an example
• The Social Cognitive Perspective
  • Observational Learning
• The Biological Perspective
  • Why do phobias fall into natural categories
Phobias and Scary Things
                    Mood Disorders



• Major Affective Disorder
  • poor appetite
  • insomnia
  • feelings of worthlessness
  • loss of interest in others
• Bipolar Disorder
  • High and Lows
  • Lows like Major Depression
  • Highs they have euphoria, grandiosity, agitation, and
     pressured speech
Gender Differences in Depression
          Explanations of Mood Disorders



• Psychoanalytic
  • Anger Inward
• Biological
  • Genetic Influences
  • Brain Neurotransmitters
• Social-Cognitive
  • Attributions for failure as stable, global, internal
  • Vicious cycle of negative moods and thoughts
Vicious Cycle of Depression
     Psychotic Disorders - Schizophrenia



• Disorganize Thinking
  • Delusions
• Disturbed Perceptions
  • Auditory hallucinations
• Inappropriate Emotions and Actions
• Social Withdrawal
• Types of Schizophrenia
  • Positive Symptoms
  • Negative Symptoms
Types of Schizophrenia
           Explanations of Schizophrenia



• Psychoanalytic - Overflowing of the irrational unconscious
• Biological
  • Genetic Influences
  • Brain Neurotransmitters
• Social Cognitive - the stress diathesis model
               Dissociative Disorders



• Fugue - A person disappears and becomes someone else
• Dissociative Identity Disorder - (a.k.a. Multiple
  Personality Disorder) - Several distinct ‘persons’ that
  share the same body
     Explanations of Dissociative Disorders



• It is real
  • Distinct brain activity with different personalities
  • It is a way to cope with anxiety
      • Psychoanalytic, learning theorists fit here
      • May be the result of severe abuse as a child
• It is not real
  • Social phenomena perhaps created by hypnosis in
      therapy
  • 2 cases per decade 1930-1960; 20,000 cases in the
      1980s
                Personality Disorders



• Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Not aroused or upset by acts that are immoral and hurt
     others
  • Several famous criminals fit this profile
• Histrionic, Narcissistic and Borderline Personality
  Disorder - impulsive, dramatic, and defensive style
• Avoidant Personality Disorder - high anxiety causes social
  withdrawal
• Schizoid Personality Disorder - eccentric behaviour and
  social withdrawal

				
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posted:7/5/2011
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