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Personality Development

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					   Personality
  Development
Becoming an Individual
                Personality
            is a critical time in the
 Adolescence
 development of the “self”

 Self-esteemis influenced by the
 process of developing an identity

 Personality  also includes how a
 person develops relationships and
 social skills.
     Cognitive Development
 Accordingto Piaget, adolescents are
 in what stage of cognitive
 development?
  – Formal Operational


 Why   is this important?
     Cognitive Development
 Children  think in the present – the
  future is a game
 Adolescents are able to contemplate
  and question their future
 Development of rationalization

 Higgins-Trenk et al., 1971
  – < ½ of 17 year olds have reached
    formal operational thinking
       Problems of Immaturity
1.   Finding fault with authority figures
2.   Argumentativeness
3.   Indecisiveness
4.   Apparent hypocrisy
5.   Invulnerability
       Moral Development
 Lawrence   Kohlberg
 Stages 1 & 2 “morality” is ego-
  centric
 Stages 3 & 4 decisions are based on
  social rules
 Stages 5 & 6 “moral rules” are more
  important than societal rules
         Moral Development
 Many   do not move past level 4.
 Why?
  – 1 in 10 progress to post-conventional
    moral thinking
 Higher  levels of moral thinking
  involve abstract thinking
 Seeing from another’s view point
 Development depends on many
  factors
         Identity Development
 Erik Erikson – Identity Crisis Theory
 A period of inner conflict where
  adolescents worry about who they
  are
 Crisis of identity formation and
  identity confusion
      Identity Development
 James   Marcia

 Somewhat    agreed with Erikson

 Developed   four adolescent Identity
 categories
       Identity Development
 Identity   Moratorium
  – Exploring issues, but no decision made
    yet


 Identity   Foreclosure
  – Make decision based solely on the
    advise of others
       Identity Development
 Identity   Diffusion (Confusion)
  – No thought on making decisions; no
    sense of identity


 Identity   Achievement
  – Have considered many possibilities, and
    has made life-changing decisions
     Social Learning Theory
 A.C. Peterson (1988)
 “Crisis” is not normal for
  adolescents. Why?
 Human development heavily based
  on interaction with peers and others

 Soman   study

				
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posted:7/5/2011
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