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I UNDERSTANDING THE TEXT Casa de Cultura Britnica

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I UNDERSTANDING THE TEXT Casa de Cultura Britnica Powered By Docstoc
					                                    UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ                                                           1
                                        CENTRO DE HUMANIDADES
                          COORDENADORIA GERAL DAS CASAS DE CULTURA ESTRANGEIRA
                                       CASA DE CULTURA BRITÂNICA
                                  PLACEMENT TEST / 2003.2 – SEMESTER VI
     Nome do candidato: ____________________________________________________________________________
     Número de inscrição: ___________________
     PART I – READING COMPREHENSION
     READ THE FOLLOWING TEXT AND CHOOSE THE CORRECT OPTIONS FOR QUESTIONS 1 TO 10.
                                          WHAT’S YOUR PHOBIA?
              The British Government recently announced             25 arachnophobia, a sufferer will be shown a small
     that it would be spending a massive 71 million pounds               photo of a spider. A few days later they will be
     researching phobias, a medical phenomenon which is                  shown a larger one. A couple of weeks after that
     said to affect more than 16 million Britons. According to           they will be taken to a room where they will be told
 5   the Royal College of Psychiatrists, one in 10 people will           a spider is next door and over the following weeks
     suffer a debilitating fear at some point of their lives.       30   they will be moved closer and closer to the door.
              Specific phobias can include anything from a               This is a very slow and expensive process and,
     fear of beards to a fear of snow, but it’s in the area of           according to Paul McKenna, Britain’s most popular
     social phobia that the greatest problems lie. And no one            hypnotist, it’s “not a lot of laughs, and doesn’t
10   is exempt: Howard Hughes, Charles Darwin, Martin                    always work. It’s a learning technique. You learnt
     Luther and John Bunyan all suffered from Obsessive             35   to have a phobia in the first place, the only
     Compulsive Disorder (OCD). OCD is a fear of                         phobias I know people are born with are the
     contamination, from germs, disease, or even radiation,              phobia of sudden loud noises or of falling. All the
     and sufferers develop obsessive rituals which, if not               others are learnt, so they can be unlearnt.”
15   performed, induce anxiety, tension and the fear of                            Many of the new therapies, such as
     impending disaster.                                            40   Neuro-Linguistic Programming, have a very high
              Most of us will have heard of agoraphobia,                 success rate in the rapid removal of a phobia,
     claustrophobia or arachnophobia, but even though                    without recourse to medication or hypnotherapy.
     brontophobia, the fear of thunder and lightning, is less            By getting the sufferer to visualise a series of
20   well known, it’s one of the 10 most common phobias,                 positive, upbeat thoughts and to associate the
     according to the Manchester-based Phobic Society.              45   fear with comical and absurd events or situations,
              (...) Conventional psychiatry uses a technique             the skilled therapist can achieve the seemingly
     called “systematic desensitisation,” a very slow and old-           impossible and overcome the phobic’s terror in a
     fashioned approach. Using the example of                            matter of minutes instead of hours or weeks. (...)

                                                                         (Extracted from SPEAK UP, Nº. 177, pages 26-29)
     I. UNDERSTANDING THE TEXT
     1. Which is the only TRUE statement below?
        a) There are very few types of phobias, and the most common ones lie on social problems.
        b) About 10% of the world’s population suffers or will suffer from a kind of phobia.
        c) The “systematic desensitisation” is an old therapy which isn’t used anymore.
        d) The only treatment for OCD is an obsessive ritual performed by the sufferers themselves.
     2. Which of the following statements DOES NOT concern the SYSTEMATIC DESENSITISATION?
         a) The technique is now considered slow and old fashioned.
         b) The process is more effective for arachnophobia if, instead of pictures, the patients are shown real insects.
         c) The whole treatment can last many weeks, and it isn’t always successful.
         d) It’s a gradual treatment which makes the patients face their fears by slow steps.
     3. What is NOT true about a patient after a NEURO-LINGUISTIC PROGRAMMING therapy session?
         a) The sufferers have to continue the treatment by making use of some specific remedies.
         b) The patients can be cured in a short period of time.
         c) The patients are led into positive thoughts and their fears are associated to absurd situations.
         d) The patients learn that they don’t have to be afraid of things which are even seen as laughable.
     4. Which is the only FALSE statement below?
         a) There are therapies which can cure a phobia in a short time.
         b) The fear of thunder and lightning is one of the top-ten most common phobias around the world.
         c) Any phobia can be unlearnt, but sometimes the whole process can last many weeks.
         d) Anyone can develop a social phobia, even people who work directly with audiences.
     II. REFERENCE
     5. The pronoun it (line 20) refers to:
          a) brontophobia              b) lightning                 c) well-known                       d) fear

                             Casa de Cultura Britânica / UFC – Placement Test / 2003.2 – Semester VI
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6.     The word one (line 27) refers to:
       a) spider                      b) photo                    c) sufferer                        d) arachnophobia
7.     The pronoun it (line 33) refers to:
       a) hypnotist                   b) Britain                  c) systematic desensitisation      d) work
III.   VOCABULARY
8.  What’s the meaning of exempt (line 10)?
    a) for example                 b) exception              c) in this group                   d) safe
9. upbeat (line 44) means:
    a) optimistic                  b) loud                   c) noisy                           d) controlled
10. Which of the following words/expressions has a different meaning from the other alternatives?
    a) phobic’s terror (line 47)                             c) obsessive rituals (line 14)
    b) debilitating fear (line 06)                           d) common phobias (line 20)
PART II – USE OF ENGLISH
Choose the correct alternative to complete, answer or match questions 11 to 50.
11. A: My car doesn’t work!
    B: _________________
    a) Will help it?                                          c) Shall I help you?
    b) Your husband shall fix it.                             d) I’m going to fix it.
12. A: What would you do if you _____________ English fluently?
    B: I ______________ apply for a job abroad.
    a) will speak ; will                                      c) were speaking; was going to
    b) spoke; would                                           d) has spoken; would have
13. A: I can’t sleep at night.
    B: ____________________
    a) Why shouldn’t you see a doctor?                        c) Why don’t you go to look for a medicine?
    b) You shouldn’t study so much.                           d) You must to relax.
14. Excuse me, please. Do you know ________________________________?
    a) where the nearest restaurant is                        c) where’s the St Paul’s Cathedral
    b) where can I find a good diner near here                d) how could I get to the bus station
15. Which of the following statements is grammatically INCORRECT?
    a) They got married this morning.                         c) We study in the same school for five years.
    b) Paul and Liz haven’t done their homework yet.          d) I’ve just learnt a new word in French.
16. A: The play was _____________. I hated it!
    B: __________ I. I wasn’t really _______________.
    a) bored; so do; interested                               c) boring; neither did; interested
    b) bored; so am; interesting                              d) boring; so did; interested
17. If my girlfriend _____________ her work earlier, we will go to the cinema together.
    a) will leave                    b) would leave           c) left                               d) leaves
18. Which of the following statements is grammatically INCORRECT?
    a) She looks like her mother.                             c) My sister likes me very much.
    b) Paul isn’t really like his younger brother.            d) She looks like a little sad today.
19. A: ____________________________?
    B: For many years. Since 1995, I guess.
    a) How many years have you been a teacher                 c) When did you finish your graduation course
    b) How long has she lived in England                      d) How long did you live in Brazil
20. A: Have you watched The Matrix Reloaded _________?
    B: Yes, I’ve _____________ seen it.
    a) still; just                   b) ever; already         c) still; already                     d) yet; just
21. A: I’m going to start my own business!
    B: _____________. But my brother _____________.
    a) So am I; is not               b) So do I; doesn’t      c) So am I; doesn’t                   d) I go too; isn’t
22. My aunt and I don’t get _______ very well, but I have to look ________ her. She’s ill.
    a) together; for                 b) on; after             c) up; around                         d) away; at




                           Casa de Cultura Britânica / UFC – Placement Test / 2003.2 – Semester VI
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23. A sign says PARKING ALLOWED. That means you...
    a) have to park your car.                                 c) must park your vehicle.
    b) can park your vehicle.                                 d) shall park your car.
24. Which movie ____________ the Oscar in 1994?
    a) made Spielberg win                                     c) has made Spielberg to win
    b) did Spielberg win                                      d) made Spielberg won
25. A: Why didn’t you ____________ a cake for your mother’s birthday?
    B: Because I had a lot of housework to ____________.
    a) make; do                      b) do; do                c) do; make                          d) make; make
26. A: Listen! The doorbell is ringing!
    B: Stay here. I ____________ the door.
    a) am going to answer                                     c) shall go to
    b) can attend                                             d) will open
27. The nearest post-office is ____________ of South Street. Go ____________ this avenue and turn left. Go
    ____________ the traffic lights. It’s ____________ the corner of South Street and Nassau Avenue.
    a) in the end; over; along; at                            c) in the end; straight ahead; across; in
    b) at the end; across; past; on                           d) at the end; straight on; past; on
28. A: _______________________?
    B: No, never.
    a) Did he ever travelled to Germany                       c) Has your teacher ever taught at UFC
    b) Have you already gone to Argentina                     d) Have they been in China yet
29. A: ___________________?
    B: He’s short and quite thin.
    a) What’s your brother appearance?                        c) What’s your friend like?
    b) How does he look like?                                 d) What does the main actor look like?
30. A: My father was ____________ because his life wasn’t too ____________.
    B: ____________.
    a) depressed; excited; So was mine                        c) depressing; excited; So was me
    b) depressing; exciting; I was too                        d) depressed; exciting; So was I
31. A: Which team ____________ the last World Football Cup?
    B: Brazil did, of course.
    a) did win                       b) won                   c) has won                           d) did it win
32. Did you know that the Pyramids ____________ by the Egyptians?
    a) were built                    b) are buildings         c) have been building                d) was constructed
33. A: Why have you got so many books?
    B: ___________________________.
    a) For studying to a test                                 c) For reading on my vacation
    b) To the new library in my school                        d) To improve my own knowledge
34. A: I can’t see anything! It’s dark in here.
    B: _____________________________
    a) I’ll turn off the lights.                              c) I’m going to turn the lights on.
    b) Shall I turn the lights on?                            d) Will you turn the lamps on?
35. São Paulo is a polluted city. It’s got ____________ factories, ____________ traffic in the streets and there aren’t
    ____________.
    a) too much; too much; enough forests                     c) too many; too many; forests enough
    b) too many; too much; enough forests                     d) too much; too many; forests enough
36. Which of the sentences is grammatically INCORRECT?
    a) Her parents have already gone to their office.         c) Remember to pick the tickets up.
    b) Who will you speak to first?                           d) How long do you work here?
37. A: I’ll help you.
    B: _________?
    a) Will you                      b) You will              c) Won’t you                         d) Will you not
38. A: Why ____________ earlier today?
    B: I think he has got a test, ____________ he decided to study more.
    a) he woke up; so                                         c) he has woken up; because
    b) has he wake up; then                                   d) did he wake up; so
                         Casa de Cultura Britânica / UFC – Placement Test / 2003.2 – Semester VI
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39. A:   Do you think ____________ another country one day?
    B:   Perhaps. Who knows?
    a)   will you live in                                 c) you’ll move to
    b)   are you going to travel to                       d) you’re going to go living in
40. Bill doesn’t have __________ biscuits for breakfast, but he drinks ___________ milk.
    a) a lot of; too many          b) too many; a lot of      c) too much; lots of        d) enough; a lot
41. Which of the following statements is grammatically CORRECT?
    a) I have to try the pants on before buying them.         c) I live here for eight months.
    b) Who did go to the beach last Sunday?                   d) You don’t have to park here. It’s forbidden.
42. My cousin Peter would like ___________ in Australia because he loves ___________ radical sports. He doesn’t
    want ___________ in Brazil forever.
    a) living; practising; staying                      c) to live; to practised; to stay
    b) to live; to practice; to stay                    d) living; practising; to stay
43. A:   I’m bored with my job.
    B:   _________________
    a)   Why do you go looking for another one.                 c) You shouldn’t get stressed because of that.
    b)   What about if you go for a vacation?                   d) You must to change it immediately.
44. A:   Do you think ____________ English classes next Friday?
    B:   I hope ____________. But I think we _____________.
    a)   will we have; so; won’t                            c) are we going to have; we aren’t; have
    b)   we’ll have; not; will                              d) won’t we have; no; won’t
45. A:   If she ____________ the lottery prize winner, what ____________ do?
    B:   She ____________ travel around the world.
    a)   was; would she; would                                c) were; she would; were going to
    b)   was; is she going to; is going to                    d) is; will she; would
46. Which of the following statements is grammatically INCORRECT?
    a) Sue would like living abroad.
    b) I want to go out next Friday, but I haven’t got any money.
    c) My parents love staying in on Saturday nights to watch TV together.
    d) I wouldn’t like to do the housework alone because I hate doing it.
47. Which sentence is grammatically INCORRECT?
    a) You have to go straight on this avenue to get to the theatre.
    b) If you cross over the bridge you’ll get to the school.
    c) The Hospital? Turn left and go past the National Museum.
    d) To get to the restaurant you have to go down the traffic lights.
48. A:   Do you really think ____________ tonight?
    B:   Yes, I do. There are ____________ clouds up in the sky.
    a)   it will rain; too many                              c) will rain fall; lots of
    b)   the rain is going to fall; too much                 d) will it rain; a lot of
49. Match the columns and choose the correct alternative:
    a. It isn’t new.                                            1.   I’m not.
    b. Sarah spent a lot of money last week.                    2.   My parents do.
    c. They’re going next week.                                 3.   So did I.
    d. I don’t like it!                                         4.   My car is.
    a) a-4; b-2; c-1; d-3                                       c)   a-4; b-3; c-1; d-2
    b) a-1; b-3; c-4; d-2                                       d)   a-1; b-2; c-4; d-3
50. A:   _____________________________?
    B:   For two weeks.
    a)   How long did she come to work at UFC                   c) How long have you had this wonderful job
    b)   How many months have you lived here                    d) When did they visit the building




                            Casa de Cultura Britânica / UFC – Placement Test / 2003.2 – Semester VI
              UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO CEARÁ                                      5
                   CENTRO DE HUMANIDADES
     COORDENADORIA GERAL DAS CASAS DE CULTURA ESTRANGEIRA
                  CASA DE CULTURA BRITÂNICA
            PLACEMENT TEST / 2003.2 – SEMESTER VI


                        KEY ANSWER
01                     B                        26                       D
02                     B                        27                       D
03                     A                        28                       C
04                     C                        29                       D
05                     A                        30                       D
06                     B                        31                       B
07                     C                        32                       A
08                     D                        33                       D
09                     A                        34                       B
10                     C                        35                       B
11                     C                        36                       D
12                     B                        37                       A
13                     B                        38                       D
14                     A                        39                       C
15                     C                        40                       B
16                     D                        41                       A
17                     D                        42                       B
18                     D                        43                       C
19                     B                        44                       B
20                     D                        45                       A
21                     A                        46                       A
22                     B                        47                       D
23                     B                        48                       A
24                     A                        49                       C
25                     A                        50                       C




       Casa de Cultura Britânica / UFC – Placement Test / 2003.2 – Semester VI

				
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