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What are mental disorders?
What are mental disorders?
   An illness of the mind that can affect the
    thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a
    person, preventing him or her from leading
    a happy, healthful, and productive life.
   May begin in childhood
   Affect 57.7 million people in the US
   Require diagnosis and treatment
Why do some people fail to get
treated?
   Embarrassment
   Shame
   Stigma – mark of shame or disapproval that
    results in an individual being shunned or
    rejected by others
What is an anxiety disorder?
   Real or imagined fears that are difficult to
    control
       Individuals will avoid situations
   Most common among teens – 13%
What are five types of Anxiety
Disorder?
   Phobia
       strong irrational fear of something
   Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder – OCD
       Persistent thoughts or fears that lead to repetitive
        behaviors
   Panic Disorder
       Sudden, unexplainable feeling of terror
       Trembling, increased heart rate, shortness of
        breathe
What are five types of AD?
   Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
       Develops after exposure to a terrifying event
       Flashbacks, nightmares, sleeplessness, poor
        concentration
   Generalized Anxiety Disorder
       Exaggerated worry and tension for no reason
       Startle easy
       Difficulty sleeping, relaxing, and concentrating
What is an impulsive control disorder?
   People who cannot resists the urge to hurt
    themselves or others
   Physical or financial harm
   Begin in early childhood or teens
   Examples:
       Kleptomania
       Cutting
       Pyromania
       Excessive gambling
       Compulsive shopping
What are mood disorders?
   Extreme moods that interfere with everyday
    living
   Examples include:
   Depression
   Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive
    disorder
       Extreme mood changes, energy levels, and
        behaviors
What are conduct disorders?
   Individuals engage in patterns of behavior in which the basic
    rights of others or basic social rules are violated
   Examples include:
       Cheating
       Stealing
       Cruelty
       Lying
       Violence
       Truancy
       Arson
       Vandalism
       Aggression
What is schizophrenia?
   Mental disorder in which a person loses
    contact with reality
   Affect 1% of population
   Symptoms include:
       Delusions
       Hallucinations
       Thought disorders
       Unpredictable behavior
What are personality disorders?
   The inability to regulate emotions
   Distressed in social situations
   Behave in ways that distresses others
   The cause is unknown
What are eating disorders?
   Harmful eating behaviors that can cause
    serious illness or even death
   Influenced by puberty, body changes, and
    media images
   Examples include:
       Anorexia nervosa
       bulimia nervosa
       binge eating disorder
What are some common disorders?
   What are 2 types of common disorders?
   What are 2 reasons people fail to get
    treatment?
   What disorder is most common among
    teens?
   What is 1 type of eating disorder?
   What is 1 type of impulsive control
    disorder?

				
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posted:7/4/2011
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