# Cognitive Development

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```					Cognitive Development

Middle Childhood
Piaget
• Concrete Operations
– Mental representation is used to solve
concrete problems
• Space-children at this age can find their way to
and from school
• Measurement skills
• Causality- children understand how physical
attributes effect an object. Number of objects on a
scale
Piaget
– Categorization- seriation- ordering objects
• Transitive inference-understanding the relationship of two
objects by knowing the relationship of each to a third object
– A child is shown three sticks. One green, one yellow and one
blue.
– She is shown that the yellow stick is longer than the green one
and the green one is longer than the blue one. She knows
without comparing them that the yellow one is longer than the
blue one.
• Class inclusion-understanding relation between whole and its
parts
– A child understands that when shown a bunch of flowers-10, 7
roses and 3 carnations- and asked which is more the roses or
the flowers, they understand that roses are part of the
subcategory of flower.
Piaget
• Inductive and Deductive reasoning
– Inductive-Jere is a dog. My dog barks. So does your
dog. All dogs must bark. The problem is that they
may run into an exception.
– Deductive- All dogs bark. Spot is a dog. Spot barks.
Begin with class and then move to a specific.
• Conservation-
– Reversibility
– Centration
IQ Testing
• Developed by Alfred Binet
• Mental age divided by chronological age
multiplied by 100.
• 7 mentally, 6 chronologically=1.17
*100=117 IQ
• 70 or <
• 130 or >
Multiple Intelligences
• No two children are alike
• No two children learn in the identical way
• An enriched environment for one student is
not necessarily enriched for another
• In the classroom we should teach children to
think for themselves

Marion Diamonds (2002)
Your brain is like a chandelier with ten different light
bulbs of different intensities.
Verbal/Linguistic
Intelligence
(Word Smart)
Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence
(Music Smart)
Logical/Mathematical Intelligence
(Math Smart)
Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence
(Body Smart)
Visual/Spatial Intelligence
(Spatial Smart)
Naturalist Intelligence
(Nature Smart)
Interpersonal Intelligence
(people smart)
Intrapersonal
Intelligence
(self smart)
Existential Intelligence
(Wondering Smart)
Activity
a section of the story about a child who
lives on a farm. In this section, fall and the
harvest are described. After the children
have read part of the story, the teacher
the boy do when his father scolded him for
playing and not working? How did he feel?
What did he do next?

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