The relationship among EQ_ Physical Fitness_ Physical Activity by malj


									 Physical Activity, Emotional Intelligence, Health-QoL, and Health-related Physical
                         Fitness in Taiwan College Students

                                          Gladys Shuk-fong Li; Amy Hsiu-HuaWang
                                           National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan

    Emotions are an integral and significant aspect of human nature and the
motivation for behavior. This study examined a connection between emotions and
behavior by examining the possible connection between the construct of emotional
intelligence (EI) and exercise behavior. Purposes: The aim of this study were twofold:
1) to compare emotional intelligence (EI), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and
health-related physical fitness for the different levels of physical activity
(Recommended, Insufficient, and Inactive); 2) to explore the implications for a
possible correlation of physical activity levels, and EI, HRQoL, and health-related
physical fitness. Methods: 599 Taiwan college students were assessed throughout a
2-month period, providing fitness measures and self-response questionnaires.
Objective measures included fitness measurement (BMI, 3-min Harvard Step Test, Sit
and reach, and 1-min Sit-up). Self-administered questionnaires included the Bar-On
Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i), MOS 36-item Short-Form Health Survey
(SF-36), and a self-report containing sections on demographic characteristics, health,
healthy lifestyle factors, and physical activity categories. Results: College
participants who reported a higher level of physical activity (Recommended) was
significantly higher than the insufficient and inactive counterparts in EQ, some
measures of H-QoL, and fitness level. Significant correlations were found between
physical activity and EQ subscales, MOS-General Health, MOS-Mental Health, and
some measures of Health-related physical fitness.
Conclusions: College students, who were physically active at recommended levels,
were more likely to have higher EQ, better health-related quality of life, and higher
fitness levels, when comparing to their sedentary counterparts and for those who have
insufficient physical activity.

Keywords: Emotional Quotient, Health-related Physical Fitness, Physical Activity,
           Health-related Quality of Life, SF-36, Bar-On EQ-i

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