VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 34 POSTED ON: 7/4/2011
George W. Bush Administration Election of 2000 • Democrats nominate VP Al Gore – Tried to distance himself from Clinton scandals – Tried to continue Clinton‟s “New Democrat” positives (balanced budget, positive economy) • Republicans nominate Texas Governor George W. Bush – Weak in foreign affairs and no national experience – Dick Cheney, former Secretary of Defense, was his VP nominee • Liberal Ralph Nader ran as an independent (Green Party) Major Issue in Election of 2000 • What to do with budget surplus – Bush: Give back to the people in form of massive tax cuts, privatize Social Security, increase funding for faith-based initiatives – Gore: modest tax cuts that benefited poor and middle class, apply some to national debt, expand Medicare, improve present Social Security Controversy • Florida election results so close it triggered state‟s automatic recount by hand – Jeb Bush was governor so Sec. of State was in charge of re-count – Re-count confirmed Bush‟s narrow victory Florida Controversy Con‟t • Democrats contend irregularities with ballots – Confusing – Issues at polls – Wanted ballots re-counted in specific counties (counties that tended to vote Democratic) • Fla. Supreme Court ordered hand-count of 60,000 ballots that machines failed to count – Most believe Bush would have won a majority of the 60,000 More Controversy • Republican controlled Florida legislature stated they would send the Republican Electors no matter the re-count results • U.S. Supreme Court (5-4) ruled Florida cannot count disputed ballots in only selected counties and did not have a uniform standard for whole state so no re-count could take place – Re-count would have made the re-counted votes more important which violated the 14th Amendment‟s Equal Protection Clause Bush wins 271-266 QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Un compressed) decompressor are neede d to se e this picture. Bush Presidency Starts Rocky • Won by 537 votes in Florida • Lost by over Quic kTime™ and a 500,000 nationwide TIFF (Uncompres sed) dec ompress or are needed to s ee this pic ture. • Republican majority in House dwindled to 10 and 50-50 in Senate Bush‟s First Term • Very Conservative – Wore Christian values on sleeve – Removed government support for programs supporting abortion, stem-cell research, etc. – Increased government spending in faith- based initiatives – $1.3 trillion tax cut during economic downturn ($400 billion budget deficit) Attacks • 9/11/01: Al-Qaeda members hijack plans and turn them into missiles • Targets: – WTC – Pentagon – White House (or Camp David) Osama Bin Laden • Moved to Afghanistan in 1980s. • Trained and given weapons by U.S. to fight USSR • Founded Al-Qaeda in 1980s to train men and network with other terrorist groups to attack U.S. Al-Qaeda • Believed to be responsible for four attacks against U.S. before 9/11/01: – World Trade Center (1993) – Attack on U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania – USS Cole U.S. Reaction • Congress approves $40 billion for recovery. • 10/01: U.S. and others attack Afghanistan • War in Iraq, 3/03 • Increased Patriotism War in Afghanistan • U.S. defeated Taliban but failed to find Bin Laden • Spent so much time and resources in Iraq QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompre ssor are neede d to see this picture. Taliban emerged again • 2011: U.S. has Taliban on the run again, but they are currently still powerful. – President Obama has pledged to bring troops home by the summer (if things are stable) U.S. Changed Forever • Series of anthrax letters kill people in U.S. in 2001 – Bruce Ivins, a microbiologist who worked for a biodefense company in Maryland committed suicide shortly after being indicted for sending letters. • Congress passes the Patriot Act in 2001 – Permitted telephone taps, surveillance, authorized detention and deportation of immigrants • Supporters: Bush‟s concern for safety and protection • Critics: Violation of Civil Rights, too vague in language War in Iraq • Bush claimed Iraqi government under Sadam Hussein had a history of human rights violations, oppressed its own people and had weapons of mass destruction • As part of Persian Gulf War, Iraq had to permit weapons inspectors into country • Hussein harassed inspectors, would not cooperate, etc. – U.N. did little but put sanctions on Iraq – U.S. wants UN to attack--they refuse – No WMD‟s found U.S. Attacks Iraq • Bush believed Iraq could be a democratic beacon to the Islamic World • 2003: With help of Great Britain and QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompre ssor are neede d to see this picture. others, US. Attacks in March • Hussein flees • May, 2003: Bush claims “Mission Accomplished” Mission Accomplished? • Jan., 2005: Iraq adopted a constitution and held free elections • Over 4000 U.S. soldiers killed • 2006: Saddam Hussein captured and executed by Iraqis • Controversy: – Faulty intelligence led to invasion • Led to creation of Department of Homeland Security – Why Iraq? (no proof they helped Al Qaeda) – Length of war • Obama declared end of war in 2010 Senate Condemned Bush • June, 2008: The Senate Select Committee on Intelligence found that President Bush and administration repeatedly overstated evidence that Hussein had nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and misled the public about ties between Iraq and al- Qaeda Election of 2004 • George W. Bush v. John Kerry. • War in Iraq was the major issue. • John Kerry was Vietnam vet. • Came out against war, though he voted for it as Senator. • Also stated he would not end it immediately. 2004 Election •Bush defeated Kerry 286 to 252. Bush‟s Second Term • Appointed two conservative Supreme Court justices • Chief Justice John Roberts was to replace Sandra Day O‟Connor QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor – William Rehnquists died – Conservative Roberts are need ed to see this picture. became Chief Justice in 2005 Hurricane Katrina (2005) • Hurricane Katrina hits the New Orleans and Mississippi areas. • Category 5 hurricane. • Approximately 2000 killed • $86 Billion • Bush administration bashed for slow response. – Fed. Govt blamed State govt who had primary responsibility – State govt also ripped for slow evacuation CIA Leak Scandal • Valerie Plame‟s name leaked to press – Secret CIA operative – Her husband had been critical of Bush Quic kTime™ and a administration TIFF (Uncompres sed) dec ompress or are needed to s ee this pic ture. • Karl Rove and Lewis “Scooter” Libby accused of the leak – Libby lied under oath and was sentenced to 5 years for perjury – Bush commuted his sentence – Rove and Libby resigned Abu Ghraib Scandal • Oct. „05: Congress passed the McCain Detainee Amendment against inhumane treatment of prisoners • Dec. „05: Bush publicly stated government does not torture nor condone torture Abu Ghraib Con‟t • Abu Ghraib is US POW camp in Iraq • Feb. „06: testimony and photos leaked to press showing Iraqi prisoners being treated inhumanely, posed nude, etc. – Sept. „06: Bush acknowledged secret CIA prison camps (one at Guantanamo Bay), but denied prisoners were tortured – Many called for US to investigate, punish, close these prisons, protect civil rights of prisoners – Also, pressure on Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld to resign Election of 2006 • Democrats take control of Congress for first time since 1994. – Largely due to war in Iraq, deteriorating economy, scandal (Mark Foley scandal occurred at election time) • Nancy Pelosi named Speaker of House (first female). Mass Resignations • Colin Powell had resigned in 2004 over war in Iraq • Democratic gains triggered massive QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompress or resignations in the Bush are needed to see this picture. Administration including Donald Rumsfeld who had been under fire for War in Iraq Illegal Immigration Controversy • October, 2006: Congress passed Secure Fence Act – Authorized the construction of a 700-mile fence along the Mexico-U.S border • Bush proposed a bill that would allow for the legalization of illegal immigrants – Conservatives broke with Bush – Proposal died there More Controversy • Oct. „06: Bush vetoed bill that would have expanded federal funding for stem-cell research • Aug. „07: Attorney General Alberto Gonzales resigned – Gonzales had fired a number of Justice Department prosecutors without cause • Believed they were fired for not being loyal to Bush, despite their having no party affiliation. • Found to have run illegal wiretap program • Questionable techniques in prisoner interrogation techniques of detainees Energy Crisis • Gas and oil prices continue to increase • Oil companies making record profits • Call for government to regulate! • Dec. „07: Bush signs legislation increasing fuel-effiency standards for vehicles – Prices averaged over $4.00 a gallon in summer „08 – Bush lifted ban on offshore drilling to add to oil supply (hoping prices would drop) – Economic recession caused demand and prices for gas/oil to drop in „09 Economy Struggling • Poor housing market (record foreclosure rate) • Dollar declining worldwide • Energy crisis • Higher unemployment (approximately 10% and rising when Bush left office) • International recession – Caused by mortgage crisis, energy crisis, poor banking/credit practices, inflation, deregulation – Bush‟s approval rating hit all-time low in Sept. „08: 27% Bush Attempts to Help Recession • July, 2008: Bush signed legislation that gave the Treasury Department authority to rescue Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the country‟s two largest mortgage companies and give states $4 billion grants to buy foreclosed properties. • October, 2008: Bush signed $700 billion bank bailout package • April, 2011: Recession appears to be subsiding – Stock market is at highest level since early „08 – Unemployment rate is at 9.2% and dropping Recession Aid Continued • Nov., „08: Federal Reserve and Treasury Dept. announced they would finance $800 billion in lending programs to buy bad debt, bad mortgages, and help consumers secure loans – Increased spending led to more national debt – Led to increase in groups such as TEA Party (Taxed Enough Already) who want cuts in government spending, size and taxes • Bush left office with an approval rating of approximately 30%.
Pages to are hidden for
"George W. Bush Administration"Please download to view full document