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Cruise Ship Waste Pollution

VIEWS: 87 PAGES: 17

									Cruise Ship Waste Pollution

       By: Ciara Styles
Do You Want To Swim In This?




Is This Our Oceans’ Future?
Or This?
                Waste Pollution
• Every year about 15 billion pounds of waste is dumped
  into the ocean worldwide, all from cruise ships.

• About 77% of all waste is generated from cruise ships.

• Every cruise holds about 3,000 people so every day
  about 7 tons of waste is created including bottles,
  cardboard, foodstuffs, and cans.

• 30,000 gallons of human waste, 15 gallons of toxic
  waste and 17,000 gallons of oily bilge waste is all poured
  into our beloved cerulean ecosystem.
                      Causes
• Proper waste disposal is expensive. It requires the waste
  to be processed and sent to dumping facilities.
• Since cruise lines don’t buy the proper equipment they
  save millions of dollars and end up dumping the waste
  into the ocean.
• We have weak pollution laws and poor enforcement.
• As long as the ship is 3 miles from shore dumping is fine.
• No formal inspections are required or reports for the
  pollution control systems.
• Most ships sail under foreign flags so they pay lower
  taxes and lower wages to the crew.
                Negative Impacts
• Contamination of shellfish beds and
  seafood.
-   Risks human health
-   Increases the rate of waterborne diseases

• Beach Closings
-   In 2006 there were 25,000 days of closings and advisories at ocean,
    bay, and great lakes due to the presence of bacteria associated with
    fecal matter.

• Threatening Ecosystems
-   In 2002 only 5% of the reefs around Jamaica supported life opposed
    to the 60% in 1992. And in 2002 90% of Florida's reefs were
    believed to be dead or dying.
  What Do You Think This Does to
    The Plants and Animals?
• Millions of animals die each year because of this toxic
  problem.
• They suffer from the horrid waste dumped into their
  homes.
• Turtles sometimes eat the plastic bags mistaking them
  for jelly fish causing them to choke and die.
• Other animals get caught in six-pack cup holders and
  die.
Two Words: Careless & Heartless
            Confirmed Cases
• From 1993 to 1998 87 illegal discharges from
  cruise ships and another 17 “alleged incidents”
  were confirmed.
• The cruise ship industry paid 30 million dollars in
  fines and three cruise ship lines were put on a
  five year felony probation period.
                    State Regulations
•   Some states are making their own laws to regulate the problem.
•   In Alaska they passed the Alaska Cruise Ship Initiative 2001. This law:
-   1) Verified program of sampling, testing, and reporting of wastewater and air
    discharges from cruise ships.
-   2) enforceable standard for what ships may discharge into Alaskan waters.
-   3) a method of payment ($1 of surcharge per passenger.
•   In California three bills were designed to regulate air and water pollution.
-   Prohibits ships from dumping waste into state waters.
-   Prohibits the dumping of gray water and other hazardous within state
    waters.
-   Would prohibit ships from using onboard waste incinerators within 90 miles
    of the coast and require ships within 25 miles to use cleaner burning diesel
    fuel.
-   Other bills were passed in Hawaii, Maine and Washington.
     The Clean Cruise Ship Act
• Currently we are working on the Clean Cruise Ship Act.

• This act would: not allow discharge of waste within 12
  miles of U.S shore rather then the requirement of only 3
  miles to dump waste.

• Launch uniform treatment standards

• Require better inspection and monitoring therefore
  stopping illegal discharges
               Outcomes
If we establish the Clean Cruise Ship Act:
- Beaches wouldn’t get waste washed up
   along their banks.
- When the waste is dumped it will be
   treated so it wont be so harmful.
- Stop the cruise companies from being so
   careless since inspections will be
   mandatory.
    Organizations Fighting For the
               Change
• Organizations such as Oceana, and Friends of the Earth
  are trying to stop cruise ship pollution.
• They are raising awareness, the Friends of the Earth
  create a cruise ship report card this year no cruise line
  received an A for their final grade but 3 cruises did
  receive B’s.
• Oceana persuaded CEO Richard Fain to install
  wastewater treatment technology by 2008 on all 29 of
  their ships including any new ones.
    What Can You Do?
• The Clean Cruise Ship Act needs members of
  congress and senators to co-sponsor this bill.
• The more sponsors the better.
• You can write a letter to your congressman
  asking him to co-sponsor the bill.
• Go to this website so you can support the Clean
  Cruise Ship Act of 2009
  http://action.foe.org/t/8815/p/dia/action/public/?a
  ction_KEY=1436
               Evaluation
• The laws we have now are ineffective.
• Cruise ships still dump waste, and the
  fines are easily paid with this industry.
• Also, the plants and animals are still dying
  because of this.
• We need stronger laws, we need the
  Clean Cruise Ship Act.
           Affects in the Future
• If we do fix the problem then cruise ship waste will be
  regulated and so many organisms won’t have to die.
• Humans won’t be subjected to health risks when they go
  swimming, surfing, sailing or any ocean related activity.
• The coral reefs won’t be harmed so much.
• Our beaches won’t be polluted with garbage and fecal
  matter.
• The oceans will be a cleaner place.
                          References
•   http://www.odec.ca/projects/2006/kwan6a2/
•   http://serconline.org/cruiseShipPollution.html
•   http://www.planeta.com/planeta/96/0896cruise.html
•   http://oceana.org/north-america/what-we-do/stop-cruise-ship-
    pollution/solutions/
•   http://www.foe.org/clean-cruise-ship-act

•   http://www.foe.org/facts-about-cruise-ships

								
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