"Wikis_ Blogs and Podcasting"
Bringing Wikis, Blogs and Podcasting to Your Classroom Lina Lee University of New Hampshire NECTFL – New York March 27, 2010 21st Century Learning “I never teach my pupils; I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn.” --Albert Einstein Transform your classroom into a creative learning space and provide the opportunity for students to collaborate. Welcome to 21st Century Learning Web 2.0 for Social Networking Collaborative Writing Personal Sharing Ideas Journals via Voice Social Networking … Connect YOU with people from … Share information via texts, images, audios, videos …. Collaborative learning Build community No HTML knowledge required FREE Part 1: Wikis How the wiki got its name? “Wiki-wiki to the beach.” - Elvis Presley in the movie Blue Hawaii (1961). The line was said with a snap of the fingers. Wikis … Sand Box Collaborative writing tool Work divided by several people Add and edit content together Final product displayed in one common place Hyperlinks, photos, audios and videos Support the content Why Wikis? Collaborative writing anytime and anywhere Collection of ideas to make it better Learner-driven content Multiple ownership Community building Accountability FUN! Wikipedia/Español/Cine Wikipedia/Francais/Musique Free Wiki Hosts Wikispaces http://www.wikispaces.com/ Wetpaint http://www.wetpaint.com/ PB Wiki http://pbwiki.com/ Wikidot http://www.wikidot.com/ YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dnL00TdmLY Wiki Space (Web page) French 2 homepage Grammar Group Writing Cultural Projects Present An ideal weekend Quebec France Past Halloween 2009 Niger Future Plans for Christmas Congo Central Africa Collaborative Writing Five Basic Features (1) Main page: home page (2) Navigation: list of pages (links) (3) History: tracking changes Green - text added Red - text deleted (4) Discussion: providing feedback/suggestions (5) Edit page: making changes Wikispaces for Educadors Make it protected Manage Space Page Main Page with Navigation Navigation Main Page with Edit Edit - Save Edit - Save Page Compose ideas Make and save changes Discussion Page Discussion Page History Page History Page Wiki Essays at UNH Spanish 402 (second semester) taught by TAs Three essays outside of class One in-class essay at the end of the semester Wiki essays in Spring 2008 (15% of course grade) Writing as “process” not “immediate product” Replace three traditional essays Groups of 4-5 students Each essay @ three weeks Wikis Essays (continued) Topics with linguistic focuses “Erase una vez …” (Once upon a time …) “Viajamos a ….” (Traveling to …) “Una carta a Abby” (A letter to Dear Abby) Instructor‟s role Create groups in Provide guidelines, grading criteria and feedback Monitor discussion page Wiki Guidelines/Grading Criteria Lee, L. (2010). Exploring wiki-mediated collaborative writing: A case study in an elementary Spanish course. CALICO Journal 27(2), 260-276. Linguistic Issue (discussion page) S1: However, I had a question in the last paragraph. Should it be “Me molesta que Alejandro fume tanto” instead of “fuma tanto”? S2: Is it one of the WEIRDO verbs that we have learned in class? S3: I think it is like “no me gusta” –one of the emotional verbs but I‟m not really sure. S2: Yeah… I think you guys are right. I see Michael‟s note that we should use the subjunctive here, expressing wishes, hopes and emotions (p. 365+). Let‟s change the verb. Anything else? S3: Now I see that we also need to change --espero que Ud. „puede‟ to „pueda‟ - the subjunctive. What do you guys think? S1: I agree. I‟ll finish some final edits. Now it's even kinda' funny and flows a bit better than our last one. Pragmatic Issue S1: Hey guys. Do you think this "letter" should be written in tu form or usted? S2: I'd say usted because we‟re talking to someone who we don't know but I'm not sure. S3: Yeah i would think it would be usted. We don't know him, and he is also a Dr? S4: Yeah, I agree, we don't know him and he is a doctor –a doctor of love hahah - but a doctor none the less. Quantity of Edits (Revision Rates) Affective Support “Sarah, I liked your part of the essay, it was pretty funny. I think we kind of have a pattern here of growing up with movies and a nice connection with Grandma and other loved ones.” “Hey guys this looks pretty good. This is a really creative story with a great plot.” “Bev, your questions are very good ones. I will try to do my best to clean up some of the "yo"s etc as well as accent marks. Pros and Cons Pros Collaboration, team work, creativity Writing as process, tracking changes, more transparent, accountability Learner-driven, pride of authorship Broader audience, not just for teacher Cons Overriding someone‟s work without permission No single ownership but multi-authored product Discomfort feelings or aggressive attitude Ideas for Using Wikis Collaborative Writing Wikis for Collaborative Writing Recipe book An ideal trip to … Story telling Showcase of class Travel guide project School newspaper Birthday party plans Summary of a Culture projects reading/lesson A movie review Part 2: Blogs YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NN2I1pWXjXI&feature=user Blogs … Weblog Collection of postings like an online journal Postings in a reverse chronological order Sharing common interests Reading others‟ posts and making comments Promoting critical thinking Hyperlinks, images, music and video Wikis vs. Blogs Wikis Blogs Multiple authors Individual author Topic-based Reverse chronological order Evolving and Historical record; rarely expanding content changes Collective feedback Feedback via comments Knowledge sharing Reflective thoughts Free Blog Hosts Blogger http://www.blogger.com Wordpress http://www.wordpress.com Edublogs http://www.edublogs.com LiveJournal http://www.livejournal.com Blogger: How to start a blog? Dashboard Posting Permissions Types of Personal blogs Autobiographical writing Personal interest: favorite artist/painter/musician Group/class blogs Discussions about readings Cultural projects Intercultural exchange blogs Ethnographic interviews Part 3: Podcasting iPod + Broadcast = Podcast RSS Podcasting A web-based audio or video broadcast MP3 vs. MP4 Download to MP3 player or iPod Distributed over the Internet using syndication feeds (RSS--Real Simple Syndication) Why Podcasting? Listening to authentic materials Talk show, cooking, music, news, stories; poems and more … Videos from YouTube Practicing speaking and enhancing pronunciation by producing your own podcasts Spanish Podcasting Sites Notes in Spanish http://www.notesinspanish.com/ Voices en Español http://spanish-podcast.com/ Viajero del Mundo http://www.viajerodelmundo.com/ ChilePodcast http://www.chilepodcast.cl/ Español Podcast http://www.spanishpodcast.org/ French Podcasting Sites LeMonde.fr from Paris http://podcast.blog.lemonde.fr/ Learn French by Podcast (all levels) http://www.learnfrenchbypodcast.com/ind ex.php Daily Frenchpod (all levels) http://www.dailyfrenchpod.com/ Learn French in Boston http://learnfrenchinboston.com/ You Will Need … Fair amount of memory Good microphone (built-in mic) Software program to record your voice Audacity + LAME to make MP3 files A place to host your podcasts Your own website via Internet services Third-party site: avMypodcast (75 MB--small) Free Software to Make Podcasts Download software from Google (Mac and PC) GarageBand (for Mac only) iMovie (Mac) and Movie Maker (PC) Places to Host Your Podcasts Save them to MP3 files Publish them using free hosting services iTunes Odeo Podomatic MyPodcast avMyPodcast Examples of Using Combined Web 2.0 Tools 1. Intercultural Exchange Project (Spring 2008) - Graduate Seminar 2. Reflective Writing Blogs (Spring 2009) -Advanced Composition & Conversation León - NH Online Exchange Cross-cultural exchange (Spring of 2008) Participants 10 graduate students from UNH, USA 23 undergraduate students from University of León, Spain Three major tasks with combined tools Bloggers for group blogs iMovie or Audacity for podcasts Message board for ethnographic interviews, feedback and comments Intercultural Exchange Blogs UNH blogs http://tecnolodos.blogspot.com/ http://pekepeki.blogspot.com/ http://kaneycourtney.blogspot.com/ http://sebrenes.blogspot.com/ León blogs http://leononfocus.blogspot.com/ http://7legion.blogspot.com/ http://castanaspilongas.blogspot.com/ http://penwizards.blogspot.com/ Task #1: Group Blogs Topics Chosen by American Topics Chosen by Spanish Students Students Blog #1: University Life; Stereotypes; Blog #1: A City Tour of León; Global Warming University of León and Technology Blog #2: Super Bowl; Crossword Blog #2: Night Life in León University Puzzles; Cyberlanguage Life; Brief Guide to Spanish Music Blog #3: Political Figures-Obama and Blog #3: Spanish Films; A Famous Romney; Economics in USA Place in León; Spanish Music Blog #4: University Life in USA; Blog #4: University Festivals; Presidential Debates Smoking; Interviews with University Professors Task #2: Podcasting Controversial issues Global warming Euthanasia Same sex parents Capital punishment Drug related issues Immigration Task #3: Ethnographic Interviews Topics Chosen by American Topics Chosen by Spanish Students Students Flattering Capital Punishment Educational System in Spain Cinema University Student Life Free Time Politics in Spain Life in New Hampshire Student Exchange and Travel Weapons in the USA Farewell to Students from León Iraq War Super Bowl from NH Blog - UNH Road to Presidency from UH Blog - UNH About Old Part of León Blog – León Blog - León Blog - León Interviews with León Students Vodcast in Blog from UNH Podcasts in Moodle from León Ethnographic Interview: Questions from León Responses from UNH Vodcast: Capital Punishment Post-Task: Peer Feedback Read blogs and listen to podcasts Linguistic feedback by Written comments or voice recordings Focus-on-form Lexical and morphosyntactic errors Use of both English and Spanish Feedback in Message Board For more information … Lee, L. (2009). Promoting Intercultural Exchanges with Blogs and Podcasting: A Study of Spanish-American Telecollaboration. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 22(5) 425-443. Reflective Writing Blogs Personal blogs over a 14 week period Participants 17 undergraduate students in a fifth-semester advanced language course A four-skill integrated approach to task-based activities Two 150-200 word entries per week Read and comment on others‟ blogs Web 2.0 technology Blogger, Podcasting and iMovie Four-Skill-Integrative Approach Assigned readings from Revista textbook Free topics Listening to podcasts Notes in Spanish: http://www.notesinspanish.com Cody’s cuentos: http://www.codyscuentos.com/ 3-4 minute oral recordings for “Tertulia” Ideal personality, imagination, globalization Topics For Each Type of Task Assigned Readings Listening to Podcastings “Another circle” Energy saving “Four scientific formulas for happiness” Facebook “ TV garbage” Eating out and fast food “I was my own path” Adoption “Ten minutes” Smuggling Free Topics iMovie: Oral Recordings Women‟s rights Ideal personality Red Sox in Boston Imagination Country music Immigration Swine influenza A (H1N1) in Mexico Euthanasia Mayan culture Globalization Comments on Facebook “Your point was interesting. I have never thought about the parents. My mom has a facebook but she only uses it to post family pictures. I agree that facebook is a wonderful tool for us to connect with people. However, I think people spend too much time online. Also there is not much privacy. I actually prefer e- mail.” Affective Support “I really enjoyed reading your entry about having New York City go dark for Earth Hour. I did not know about this and I think it is a great idea to shut off the lights for an hour to save energy. I wish people would turn off the light when they leave the room. We waste too much energy in this country. Well-done! Matt.” Students‟ Reactions … “Writing has become easier for me. I‟m now more confident in expressing myself after having posted more than 20 entries. Not only did I improve my writing skills but also gained different perspectives that I had never thought about before.” Preterit vs. Imperfect “El año pasado mi familia hizo un viaje a europa. Este fue mi primer viaje afuera de los estados unidos y mi primera vez en un avión. Estuve muy emocionada y tuve miedo también. Cuando llegamos en Barcelona, fueron casi las once de la tarde. Nos quedamos en Barcelona tres días y veíamos muchas cosas como Montserrat …. Al final, era muy contenta con la experiencia.” (Third Week) Preterit vs. Imperfect “Me gustaban estos podcasts mucho. Recientemente empecé a mirar la tele española y a veces, es muy difícil comprender. La historia que Mariana y Ben hablaron era muy interesante. Un hombre robó muchos bancos y la policía no pudo cogerlo por 15 años. El hombre llevaba una peluca y tenía armas. La polícia descubrió que robó casi 600,000 euros y mató dos guardias civiles.” (Eighth Week) Comments on Task Design “Iliked how teacher-assigned topics required us to critically think about the readings and free topics allowed us to incorporate personal interests and write about world issues that concerned us the most.” Comments on Task Types “Inmy view, using various types of tasks that required the use of certain language skills was the most beneficial aspect of this blog project. I enjoyed most the native-speaker podcasts because it helped me improve my listening comprehension.” For More Information … Lee, L. (2010). Fostering Reflective Writing and Interactive Exchange through Blogging in an Advanced Language Course. ReCALL 22(2), 212-227. Contact Information Lina Lee email@example.com PowerPoint http://www.slideshare.net/leelina/nec- 2010-3516401