The Canterbury Tales - PowerPoint 1 by wuyunyi

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									   The
Canterbury
  Tales

 Prologue:
Lines 1–42
Whan that Ap°ille with his ƒhoures ƒ¬te
The droghte of March hath perced to the r¬te,
And bathed euery veyne in ƒwich licour
Of which vertu engendred is the flour,
Whan Zephirus eek with his ƒweete b°eeth
Inƒpired hath in euery holt and heeth
The tendre croppes, and the yonge ƒonne
Hath in the Ram his halue cours y-ronne,
And ƒmale foweles maken melodye,
That ƒlepen al the nyght with open ye
(So p°iketh hem Nature in hir co°ages),
Thanne longen folk to g¬n on pilgrimages,
And palmeres fo° to ƒeken ¥raunge ¥rondes,
To ferne halwes, kowthe in ƒondry londes;
And ƒpecially from euery ƒhires ende
Of Engelond to Caunterbury they wende,
The h¬ly bliƒful martir fo° to ƒeke,
That hem hath holpen whan that they were ƒeeke.
Pilgrimages
      † Properly undertaken
        to give thanks for
        anƒwered prayers
      † Uƒually taken in
        the ƒpring, after
        planting ƒeaƒon
      † Medieval
        “vacation trip”
                         Pilgrimages
                                 † Favorite de¥inations
                                   of the Engli¬
                                   included the
                                   Holy Land, Rome, ¬rine
                                   of Santiago de
                                   Compo¥ela (Spain)
                                   and ¬rine of
Window at Canterbury Cathedral
                                   St. Thomas à Becket
                         Canterbury
                                 † Located in Kent,
                                   ƒouthea¥ of London
                                 † Founded by
                                   St. Augu¥ine
                                 † Seat of the Catholic
Canterbury in the 12th Century     Church in England from
                                   A.D.   640
                         Canterbury




Canterbury in the 12th Century

We¥ Gate, where the pilgrims          Chri¥ Church Gate,
    entered Canterbury                at the entrance to the
                                        cathedral grounds
Canterbury
Cathedral
     † Seat of the
       Archbi¬op of
       Canterbury
     † Site of the ¬rine of St.
       Thomas à Becket
     † Current cathedral °ni¬ed
       in A.D. 1245
    The Shrine of
St. Thomas à Becket
           † Chancellor of England
             and Archbi¬op of
             Canterbury
           † Martyred at Canterbury
             Cathedral, A.D. 1177
           † Favorite ƒaint of the
             Engli¬
                                Southwark
                                                      † Oppoƒite
                                                        London on the
                                                        ƒouth ¬ore of
                                                        the Thames
                                                      † Gathering place
                                                        for pilgrims to
                                                        Canterbury
The Tabard on Borough High Street (Watling Street).
    Original Tabard run by Harry Bailley burnt
   down in 1676; replacement torn down in 1873.
         The Route to Canterbury




† London to Canterbury: about 50 miles
† Pilgrims would travel about 10 miles a day
        The Route to Canterbury




† Pilgrims followed Watling Street, ancient
  Roman road from Southwark to Canterbury
                  Geo¤rey Chaucer
† c. 1343–1400
† Middle-claƒs family
† Courtier to Edward III and Richard
  II
† Favorite poet of
  mediæval England
† Works were intended
  to be read aloud
                   Geo¤rey Chaucer
† Fir¥ literary man to
  write in Engli¬—
  “Father of Engli¬ Poetry”
† Other works include
  Boke of the Duche±e,
  The Parlement of Foulys,
  Troilus & Criƒeyde,
  The Legend of Goode Wimmen, A
  Treatiƒe on the A¥rolabe
           The Elleƒmere
            Manuƒcript
      † One of the
        olde¥ exi¥ing
        manuƒcripts of
          The Canterbury Tales
          (c. 1403)


Opening of the Knight’s Tale from
the Elleƒmere Manuƒcript
       The Elleƒmere
        Manuƒcript




Opening of the Wife of Bath’s Tale from
the Elleƒmere Manuƒcript
           The Elleƒmere
            Manuƒcript




Opening of Chaucer’s Tale of Melibee from
the Elleƒmere Manuƒcript
                  The Pilgrims



Geo¤rey Chaucer     The Knyght   The Squier



  The Prio°e±e                   The Nonne
                   The Pilgrims



The Nonnes Pree¥       The Monk   The Frere


The Marchant                      The Clerk of
                                  Oxenfo°d
                      The Pilgrims



The Sergeant of the     The Frankeleyn          The C¬k
       Lawe

                                         The Doctour
        The Shipman
                                         of Phiƒik
                     The Pilgrims



The G¬d Wif of          The Perƒoun        The Millere
    Bathe

          The Reue                    The Maunciple
              The Pilgrims

The Sumnour                       The Pardoner




              The Chanons Yeman
                 Middle Engliƒh
† Melding of
  Anglo-Saxon (ƒpoken by
  common people) and
  Mediæval Anglo-French
  (ƒpoken at court)
† Develops into modern Engli¬
  within 100 years after
  Chaucer’s death
       Development of the Engliƒh Language
Anglo-Saxon (Old Engli¬) A.D. 1000
Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum;
Si þin nama gehalgod
to becume þin rice
gewurþe ðin willa
on eorðan swa-swa on heofonum.
Urne gedæghwamlican hlaf syle us todæg
and forgyf us ure gyltas
swa-swa we forgyfað urum gyltendum
and ne gelæd þu us on costnunge
ac alys us of yfele.
Soþlice.
           Development of the Engliƒh Language
Middle Engliƒh (A.D. 1389)
Oure fadir that art in heuenes,
Halwid be thi name.
Thi kyngdome cumme to
Be thi wille don
As in heuen and in erthe;
Gif to vs this day oure b°eed ouer other ƒub¥ance
And fo°geue to vs oure dettis,
As we fo°geue to oure detours;
And leede vs nat in to temtacioun,
But delyuere vs fro yuel.
Amen.
           Development of the Engliƒh Language
Modern Engliƒh (A.D. 1549)
Our father whiche arte in heauen,
Hallowed be thy name.
Thy kyngdome come.
The wyl be done in earth as it is in heauen.
Geue vs this day oure daylye bread
And forgeue vs oure treƒpa±es,
As we forgeue theim that treƒpa±e again¥ vs.
And let vs not be led into temptacion.
But delyuer vs from euell.
Amen.
                         Wo°ds to Know
† engendering (line 4): giving riƒe to; producing
† Zephyrus (line 5): the Greek god of the we¥ wind
† ƒign of the Ram (line 8): the a¥rological ƒign of Aries (March 21–
   April 20)
† palmers (line 13): people who have made a pilgrimage to the Holy
   Land
† ¬ire (line 15): an Engli¬ county
† array (line 38): everything a perƒon wears (clothing, iewelry, etc.)

								
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