Chapter 1 Northern and Southern Renaissance Identify: 1. Niccolò Machiavelli 2. Johannes Gutenberg 3. Donatello 4. Filippo Brunelleschi 5. Henry VII of England 6. Lorenzo Valla 7. Pico della Mirandola 8. Raphael 9. Michelangelo 10. Leonardo da Vinci 11. Desiderius Erasmus 12. Cosimo de’Medici 13. Girolamo Savonarola 14. Pope Julius II 15. Pope Alexander VI 16. Giotto di Bondone 17. Jan van Eyck 18. Hubert van Eyck 19. Leonardo Bruni 20. Sandro Botticelli 21. Louis XI of France 22. Lorenzo the Magnificent 23. Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) 24. Isabella d’Este 25. Lorenzo Ghiberti 26. Jacob Burckhardt 27. Baldassare Castiglione 28. Montaigne 29. Lefèvre d’Etaples 30. François Rabelais 31. Charles VII of France 32. Cesare Borgia 33. Jacob Fugger 34. John Colet 35. Thomas Aquinas 36. Hans Holbein the Younger 37. Jan Hus 38. John Wyclif 39. Thomas à Kempis 40. Albrecht Dürer Identify the authors of the following texts: 1. The Book of the Courtier 2. Oration on the Dignity of Man 3. The Prince 4. Gargantua 5. Praise of Folly 6. Don Quixote 7. Decameron 8. Manual for a Christian Knight 9. On Pleasure 10. Utopia Identify the creators of the following works of art: 1. Last Supper 2. Statue of David 3. Primavera 4. The Birth of Venus 5. Pietà 6. Mona Lisa 7. Portrait of Henry VIII 8. The Sistine Chapel 9. Foundling Hospital, Florence 10. Journey of the Magi 11. Florence baptistery 12. Madonna and Child 13. Medici Chapel, Florence 14. Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse 15. The Peasants’ Wedding Identify the following concepts or events: 1. Quattrocento 2. Cinquecento 3. Virtu 4. Humanism 5. Popolo 6. Reconquista 7. Hanseatic League 8. Oligarchy 9. The Hundred Years’ War 10. Habsburg-Valois Wars 11. Neo-Platonism 12. Secularism 13. Mannerism 14. Perspective 15. Signoria 16. Republic 17. City-state 18. Condottieri 19. Council of Constance 20. Peace of Lodi 21. New Monarch 22. Black Death 23. Babylonian Captivity 24. Great Schism 25. Council of Pisa Match the following event with the correct date: 1. Peace of Lodi 1414 2. End of The Hundred Years’ War 1516 3. Utopia was written 1378 4. Imperial sack of Rome 1498 5. Death of Savonarola 1418 6. Charles VIII invades Italy 1494 7. Start of the Great Schism 1453 8. Death of Jan Hus 1485 9. Start of the Council of Constance 1450 10. End of the War of the Roses 1527 1530 1428 Essays: 1. Compare and contrast the northern and southern Renaissance. 2. Identify four New Monarchs and explain what characteristics made them different from their predecessors. 3. Define the term Machiavellian and using specific examples identify four people who exhibited Machiavellian traits. 4. How was the Renaissance a rebirth? 5. Make a case for the Renaissance being the start of the trouble for the Catholic Church. 6. How did the politics and politicians of Italian differ from politics and politicians elsewhere in Europe? 7. Discuss how secularism created a new way of examining the role of man 8. Compare and contrast the lifestyle of a wealthy Italian to a commoner in Italy. 9. What was the role of Women in Italy during the Renaissance and did the rights of women progress or regress during the Renaissance? 10. Specifically, what happened in Italy to facilitate the Renaissance? 11. Identify four patrons and then discuss the role of the patron in Italian society. 12. What was humanism and why did Renaissance humanists place such a high value on humanism? 13. How did the Renaissance differ from the Middle Ages? 14. In Castiglione’s The Book of the Courtier what were the ideal characteristics of a courtier? 15. Discuss the role of the papacy during the Renaissance. Identify at least three popes from the period and give specific examples of their behavior. 16. How did the economy of the later Middle Ages led to a revival of the European economy in the fifteenth century? 17. Why was Florence the birthplace of the Renaissance? 18. Distinguish between what was expected of a young man and what was expected of a young woman during the Renaissance. 19. What were the causes of the sack of Rome in 1527 by the Holy Roman Emperor? 20. What was the role of women during the Renaissance?