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					Renaissance Poetry

  Ms. Rivers
  English IV CP
December 1, 2009
 EQ:          Standard
         What does quote mean?

“That man who dwells upon himself,
  ….rests in his true centre.” John

When a man knows himself well, he is
 focused and centered.
    The focus of this unit is
Renaissance Poetry which reflects
      humanistic thinking.
Influences on Renaissance Poetry
 Humanism – belief in the central
  importance and dignity of human beings.
 A new interest in ancient Greek and Roman
  Writings, including drama and poetry
 Italian verse forms, including the sonnet
 Powerful patrons of the arts, such as
  Elizabeth I.

            Read pages 267- 268 for further explanation.
Ask yourself
 How did the rediscovery of classical literature
  shape Renaissance Poetry?
 Classical literature provided Greek and Roman
  themes; Renaissance poets emulated patterns,
  line length, and rhyme schemes of ancient
 How did people use poetry during the
 Renaissance people wrote poetry to entertain
  friends. Upper-class men and women learned to
  write and sing poetry to be respected and
  admired. During Elizabeth’s reign, her court
  celebrated poetry with music and drama.
Important Vocabulary
   Humanism
   Rhyme scheme
   Sonnet
   Iambic Pentameter
   Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
   Turn

 All of are in handouts that were distributed
  on 11/30
What does Renaissance Poetry
 Individuals
 Their relationships
 Their natural surroundings
Sir Thomas Wyatt
 Courtier
 Diplomat
 Ambassador to Henry VIII.
 May have been in love with Anne Boleyn
  (mother of Queen Elizabeth)
 Works may have been written in her honor.
 Works were not published, just shared
  among friends.
 Works were published 15 years after his
Key Vocabulary for Wyatt’s poems
 Speaker
 Drawing Inferences
 Sonnet – what is its structure?
Whoso List to Hunt
Whoso List To Hunt by Wyatt
 The poem uses a hunt metaphor to
  describe a man pursuing a woman, who he
  compares to a deer.
 The speaker is tired of the chase, and he
  invites others to take it up.
 He uses classical allusion to warn others
  that their prey (probably Anne Boleyn), like
  Caesar’s deer, is claimed by a powerful
  ruler (probably Henry VIII).
 The speaker ends by warning that this
  woman is wild although she looks tame.
Real World
 Are there any contemporary songs or
  poems that are similar to Wyatt’s
  “Whoso List To Hunt”?

 Do men and women still write about
  the “chase” of one another?
Day 2               December 2, 2009
 Essential Questions              Standards:
Are themes of Renaissance
    Poetry still present in our   E4-1.3 Evaluate devices of
    contemporary literature          figurative language
    and music?                       (metaphor, oxymoron,
If yes, what does this tell          pun, and paradox).
    you about people,
    relationships, and society    E4-1.1 Compare/contrast
    of the Renaissance?              ideas within and across
If no, what themes are               literary texts to make
    present in our                   inferences.
    contemporary literature
    and music?
                                  E4 -5.6 Compose effective
                                      pieces of writing to
                                      respond to prompts.
Edmund Spenser
 One of the most influential poets of his day.
 Attended Cambridge as a “sizar” or poor
 Dedicated The Shepheardes Calendar to Sir
  Philip Sydney (a poet and his friend).
 Wrote The Faerie Queene while living in
 Died in London and was buried next to Chaucer
  in the Poet’s Corner at the Westminster Abbey.
 Wrote sonnets to his wife, Elizabeth, about
  their courtship.
Sonnet 30 by Spenser
 Speaker compares his love for a woman to
  fire and her rejection to his love to ice.
 Sonnet develops a paradox, concluding
  that in the case of love, the rules of nature
  are suspended.

Definition: Contradictions that are
  actually true.
Example: Ice and fire coexisting without
  changing properties.
How does the final couplet of the
poem explain the feelings between
the speaker and the loved woman?
 “Such is the power of love in gentle mind,
 That it can alter the course of kind.”

 The obstinate love of the speaker and the
 equally obstinate rejection by the woman seem
 to be evidence that love is so powerful that it
 can alter physical laws.
Sonnet 75
 Spenser uses the image of the sea
  and its eternal tides to emphasize the
  critical nature of life and the
  immortality brought by his poetry.
Sonnet 75 by Spenser
 Speaker describes writing
  his beloved’s name in the
  sand and seeing the
  waves wash it away twice.
 When she protests that it
  is futile (hopeless) to try
  to immortalize anything
  mortal, he promises to
  make her name and their
  love live forever through
  his verse.
Why does the woman complain the
speaker is vain?
 She believes it is vain to transform an
  ephemeral (temporary) thing into
  something permanent.

What image does the author use to
  represent loves impermanence?
 Spenser uses the image of waves
  washing away the name of his
  beloved from the sand.
Day 3            December 3, 2009
 Essential Questions         Standards:
With 220,000 people          E4-1.5 Analyze the
   throwing their sewage        effect of the author’s
   in the street every day      craft (including tone
   and no garbage               and the use of
   collectors, what do you      imagery, flashback,
   think the city smelled       foreshadowing,
   like?                        symbolism, motif,
                                irony, and allusion)
How might these facts of        on the meaning of
   life in London have          literary texts.
   made a pastoral
   setting appealing to
   the reader of the day?
1. Take out the vocabulary handout that I
    gave you on Tuesday so that I can give
    you a homework grade.
2. Answers to vocabulary handout
3. Pastoral Poetry
     Background
     Marlowe
     The Passionate Shepard to His Love
     Raleigh
     The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepard
How might
 these facts of
 life in London
 have made a
 pastoral setting
 appealing to
 the reader of
 the day?
Christopher Marlowe – the Rebel

 Playwright, poet, brawler, and spy
 Began espionage in 1587 for England,
  but arrested in 1593 for scandalous
 Days before court he died of stab wound
  sustained from a brawl
 Some believe he was assassinated since
  his assailant was acquitted.
Summary       of PSTHL

 A shepherd describes the beauty of
  life in the country to his beloved to
  persuade her to go live with him.
 Repetition of line 1 of the 5th and last
  stanza make is more pleasant and
  songlike. Creates rhythm and
  emphasizes the speaker’s urgency to
  have his beloved go with him.
Day 4           December 4
 Essential              E4-1.5 Analyze the
  Questions               effect of the
How do movies,            author’s craft
   books, or music of     (including tone and
   our day attempt to     the use of imagery,
   portray ideal          flashback,
   romantic escapes?      foreshadowing,
Are they accurate?        symbolism, motif,
   Why or Why not?        irony, and allusion)
                          on the meaning of
                          literary texts.
1. Answers to Passionate Shepherd
2. Key vocabulary
3. Pictures of country/pastoral life
4. Raleigh
   The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepard
Inverted word order
 In your notes, you must write what
  word over is.

 What does inverted word order
  remind you of? Yoda!!
Example from “Passionate”
Come live with me and be my love
And we will all the pleasures prove…”

And we will prove all the pleasures
Key vocabulary
 Pastoral poetry – poem depicting country
  life in idealized terms; passionate
  shepherds and beautiful nymphs live in
  harmony with nature absent of harsh and
  gritty images of rural labor.

 Anti pastoral poetry – mocks the pastoral
  poetry’s idyllic (peaceful), idealistic
  (unrealistic) depictions of rural life.
 "nymph" comes from the Greek word that
  means "young woman"
 Shepherd – someone who tends his flock
Sir Walter Raleigh
   Handsome, arrogant, dashing
   Favorite of Queen Elizabeth
   Seafarer, courtier, soldier
   Imprisoned after Elizabeth’s death
   Beheaded because he and his men
    attacked a Spanish settlement.
Summary of “The Nymph’s Reply to
the Shepherd”
 A nymph ridicules a shepherd’s
  promises of love by painting a
  realistic view of the effect of time on
  passionate love.
Day 5          December 7
 Essential Question    Standards

  How might Donne’s       E4-1.1
  contrasting life         Compare/contrast
                           ideas within and
  experiences have         across literary texts
  influenced and           to make inferences.
  enriched his            E4-1.3 Evaluate
  writings?                devices of
                           figurative language.
 Important vocabulary
 John Donne
 A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
Important vocabulary
 Metaphysical poetry-written in a difficult and abstract
  style; intellectual, detached, obscure imagery; verbal
  wit; rough sounding meter
 Imagery- vivid language that creates a mental picture
 Meter- a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed
 Hyperbole- extreme exaggeration
 Metaphysical conceit – elaborate clever figure of
  speech that makes connection between 2 things that
  are startling different.
John Donne
   Studied at Oxford at age of 12, but was not allowed to have
    a degree because of his religion – Catholic.
   Studied law in London
   Completed 2 naval expeditions
   Appointed secretary to Thomas Eggerton – lord keeper of
    great seal.
   Married a 17 year old girl, Anne More, without her father’s
   Imprisoned.
   Struggled after his release and lived off of friends.
   Wrote poetry against the Church of Rome.
   Big supporter of Church of England.
   James I encouraged him to become a clergyman
   His sermons were a huge success
   Became the DEAN of St. Paul’s Cathedral.
 Speaker urges his wife to behave with
  dignity when they part. The couple’s
  love is described as a union of souls
  that cannot be broken by distance.
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
 Why is this line a metaphysical
  “Like gold to airy thinness beat”
  It compares human souls to gold that is
     beaten into a thin sheet. The poet uses
     an unusual extended comparison to
     show that the lovers’ souls aren’t
     harmed by their separation.
A Valediction:
 What makes the use of the word circle in
   the final two lines such a perfect word
   choice at the end of this poem?
“Thy firmness makes my circle just,”

Like perfect love, a circle has no beginning
   and no end. It is continuous and
   everlasting. The circle evokes not only the
   compass image but also the orbit of the
   heavenly bodies, which Donne refers to
Day 6                  December 8
 Essential Question     Standards

  How might Donne’s        E4-1.1
  contrasting life          Compare/contrast
                            ideas within and
  experiences have          across literary texts
  influenced and            to make inferences.
  enriched his             E4-1.3 Evaluate
  writings?                 devices of
                            figurative language.
Day 6         December 8
 Agenda:
John Donne – “A Valediction: Forbidding
  Mourning” open book quiz

John Milton – Intro to Paradise Lost –
  page 350

From Paradise Lost “The Fall of Satan”
Day 7               December 9
 Essential Questions    Standards
  How does Milton          E4-1.3 Evaluate
  use characteristics       devices of
                            figurative language.
  of a sonnet in
                           E4-1.5 Analyze the
  Paradise Lost?            effect of the
                            author’s craft on
                            the meaning of
                            literary texts.
 Key vocabulary
         Style
         Diction
         Blank verse
         Epic similes
         EPICS – oral, primary, and literary

 John Milton background
 Introduction to Paradise Lost
 “The Fall of Satan”
 Style – way writers use language to
  express their ideas
 Diction – word choice
        (pick or choose?) Which would you use?
 Blank verse – unrhymed iambic pentameter
  (like Shakespeare)
 Epic Similes- extended comparisons that
  draw parallels between dissimilar things.
 Oral or Primary Epic – performed by
  generations of storytellers (ex: Beowulf)
 Literary Epic – product of an individual
  writer (ex: Paradise Lost)
John Milton
 Talent for languages