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Renaissance Art and Architecture PowerPoint

VIEWS: 448 PAGES: 63

									          12-2-08
 Obj: To understand
why the Renaissance in
 Italy took place and
what characterized it.
  Focus: What was the Italian
  Renaissance and why did it
           begin?
Renaissance Art and
   Architecture
                   Background
          1050–1350
•   Population growth
•   Economic development
•   City-states
       1200–late 1500s
•   Explosion of Artistic
    achievements beginning
    in Italy, and eventually
    spreading North             Giovanni Bellini,
                                Sacra
                                Conversazione
                                            3
         Background Cont…
• The Renaissance that began in Italy
  was characterized by an interest in
  learning the arts and a desire to
  explore the human experience.
• Was a time of creativity in many areas -
  political, social, economic, and cultural
• Changes in the way people viewed
  themselves and the world.
                                              4
              Why Italy?
• Renewed interest of the Roman culture(in
  Italy, so made sense)
• Its cities survived the Middle Ages.
• A wealthy and powerful merchant class
  in these city-states(Florence, Milan,
  Venice, and Genoa) promoted this
  cultural rebirth. They become patrons of
  the arts.

                                         5
                Politics
• Becomes the domain of competing cities
  and their wealthy rulers, and the papacy
  in Italy.
• How to Rule?? Feared or Loved??
  Machiavelli and The Prince
• The Renaissance impact was felt
  throughout Europe and the world in many
  areas, not just the arts

                                         6
                 Intellectual Developments
                              • Humanism
                              • Classical culture
                              • Revival of antiquity
                              • Importance of the
                                individual
                              • Celebration of
                                humanity
       Titian,
Assumption of
                              • Secular/worldly focus
    the Virgin                                     7
       Developments Cont…
• Humanists stressed education and believed that
  subject taught in ancient Greek and Roman
  schools-grammar, poetry, and history-should
  be revived.
• Glorification of humanity and a celebration of
  the beauty of the human body.
• Less on religion and the afterlife, and more on
  enjoying the pleasures of life in the here and
  now(less about sin and redemption).
• These desires often led to conflict with the
  Catholic Church.
                                                8
Renaissance Italy




                    9
Florence




           10
            Renaissance Art:
         Techniques and Themes
• Increasing focus on
  secular rather than
  religious subjects
• Realistic-looking
  figures and scenes
• Perspective/depth
• Sense of movement,
  activity
• Symmetry/
  proportionality
                                 11
Comparing Medieval Art and
    Renaissance Art




  Middle Ages     Renaissance


                                12
           12-3
   Obj:To explain and
visualize Renaissance art
    and architecture.
   Focus: Discuss the economic,
  political, and social changes that
       lead to the Renaissance.
          Define Humanism.
  What characterized Renaissance
               thought?
 Giotto de Bondone,
The Mourning of Christ




                         14
Masaccio, Tribute Money




                          15
16
17
   Sandro Botticelli,
Madonna of the Magnificat




                            18
19
Raphael, Pope Leo X With Two Cardinals




                                   20
21
Raphael, The School of Athens




                                22
                    Plato
                 (Leonardo)


                                            Raphael




Heraclitus                         Euclid
(Michelangelo)                (Bramante)



                                                      23
24
Leonardo da Vinci




                    25
Leonardo, The Last Supper




                            26
27
28
29
30
              4-4
      Obj:To understand
      Renaissance Art and
         Architecture
• Focus: Discuss some of the
  features from the artwork we
  looked at yesterday. Can you
  describe how these artists created
  some great-looking artwork?
                                       31
Leonardo, Mona Lisa




                      32
33
Leonardo’s Notebooks




                       34
Michelangelo and
the Sistine Chapel




                     35
36
        Renaissance Sculpture
•   Classical influences
•   Realistic-looking faces
•   Symmetry/proportionality
•   Sense of movement/activity




                                 37
Humanism and Individuality




                             38
Ghiberti’s Doors




                   39
Ghiberti’s Doors




                   40
Donatello’s David




                    41
Michelangelo’s David




                       42
43
     Renaissance Architecture
• Classical influences
• Mathematical harmony
• The circle




                                44
   The Church and
Renaissance Architecture




                           45
The Cathedral of Florence




        Filippo Brunelleschi   46
Brunelleschi’s Dome




                      47
St. Peter’s Basilica




                       48
Inside St. Peter’s




                     49
Inside St. Peter’s




                     50
Inside St. Peter’s




                     51
Bramante’s Tempietto




                       52
Italian Renaissance Writers




                              53
        Dante Alighieri
• 1265–1321
• The Divine Comedy




                          54
Petrarch
    • 1304–1374
    • Humanist
    • Scholar, poet




                      55
       Giovanni Boccaccio
• 1313–1375
• Poet, humanist




                            56
Baldassare Castiglione
           • 1478–1529
           • Libro del Cortegiano
             (The Courtier)




                                    57
The Northern Renaissance




                           58
                       Albrecht Dürer

                        • 1471–1528
                        • Introduced
                          Italian
                          Renaissance
                          style of art
                          to Germany




Dürer, self-portrait

                                         59
     Hans Holbein the Younger
                         • 1497–1543
                         • German
                           painter
                         • Became
                           court painter
                           to King
                           Henry VII of
                           England


Holbein, self-portrait                     A Holbein portrait of
                                             King Henry VIII

                                                                   60
                           Jan van Eyck
• 1390–1441
• Painted in oils
• Detail, realism




Van Eyck, Man in a Red
Turban (possibly a self-
       portrait)                          61
     The English Renaissance
• Chaucer’s The
  Canterbury
  Tales
• More’s Utopia
• Spenser’s The
  Faerie Queen
• Playwrights:
  Jonson,
  Marlowe,
  Shakespeare

                               62
The Impact of the Renaissance




         Dürer, Mother and Child
                                   63

								
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