Embedding _ Enriching Language by shuifanglj


									Embedding and Enriching
Language in the Creative

   Gifted and Talented
Opportunities to support all children…but
especially G&T can be offered through
expanding, enriching and embedding…

the etymology,
development and

appropriate use
and level of language
   Language …              a fundamental tool in the armoury of G&T children

Impoverished language decimates opportunities in life and curtails
creativity and potential achievements.

Enriched language is a powerful key that opens so many doors of
opportunity and empowers for life.
Continually develop inquisitiveness about language through…

• SODA activities ~ Synonyms/Antonyms          ~ Creative Collective Nouns

• Conundrums…’Call My Bluff’
•   ‘P’ words ~ Portmanteau ~ Palindrome ~ Pandemonium
•   Lost for Words? Instead of ‘said’ and ‘went’
•   Onomatopoeic words
•   Using pictures to generate new vocabulary
•   Word Trees words of anger ~ words of calm
•   Etymology of Words ~ Kennings ~ Karmadharaya
    ~ Idioms and Cliches   ~   BIG words for   little   words

•   What can you do with the LONGEST word?
SODA     (Start Of The Day Activities)   Multi-syllabic word on board

begged     hollered sang     guessed suggested replied   hissed

whispered…bellowed       howled…simpered         murmured…screeched
   bawled…whimpered         sniffed… snarled       commanded…begged
babbled…articulated      demanded…agreed         sobbed…laughed

Rhyme:   Alliteration:
Expect them to be used during creative writing.
      Creative Collective Nouns
A prickle of hedgehogs.
A blithering of idiots.
A tilt of windmills.
A sulk of teenagers.
An undulation of hills.
A wiggle of Elvis impersonators.
A skulk of foxes.
A tangle of tricksters.
A fluff of clouds.
A stench of skunks.
A steaming of puddings.
A knot of stomachs.
An incantation of spells.
A fracturing of bones.
A penalty of footballs.
A rhubarb of pies.
A twist of ankles.
Whoops-a-daisy! The box of synonyms has been
dropped all over the floor…..sort them out!

fall   weep          cry      coax      tumble   race

sob         dash     hurry     gallop

persuade        plummet         influence

dive   drop     sprint       howl     enthuse

encourage     wail   scamper        cajole
Antonyms…match the opposites
svelte      microscopic    modern     long
cowardly   narrow       above    ecstatic

found      safe        high    weak        near
famous     wavy    short    raced        unknown

straight    melancholy     lost low       dawdled
stout    wide    titanic    ancient    dangerous

brave beneath   strong        day     mountainous
cavernous  early tardy        far      night
Language Conundrums
Brilliant investigative material.

Start at the far end of the alphabet…the
end children don’t use too much.

What’s a ZEUGMA?

• Find dictionary meaning.
• Then play ‘Call My Bluff’
• Give 3 plausible explanations.
‘Call My Bluff’

• The use of a single word (often a verb) or phrase to
link or apply to two or more nouns… when its sense is
appropriate to only one of them.

• A German built robotic machine used in the
pharmaceutical business for accurately balancing
chemical blends in certain medicines when going through

• Greek in origin, it’s a sneeze.
Use of a single word or phrase (esp. a verb)
to link or apply to two or more nouns
…when its sense is appropriate to only
one of them.

He held his tongue and his temper.
He arrived in a taxi and a hurry.
She opened the door and her heart to the orphan.
Past the winning post he rode his bike and his greatest ambition.
The men continued cutting down the rain forest and the planet’s
Try another! ‘Call My Bluff’                  Williwaw
•   The aborigine women in the Australian outback,, when attempting to get
    their young off to sleep, would softly sing a ‘williwaw’ ….their version of a
    lullaby….which alluded to Mother Nature calling the children to the land
    of sleep and they must go.

•   In the craggy Scottish highlands, at the time of Robert the Bruce (King
    Robert 1), who was fighting Edward Longshanks (King Edward 1 of
    England) for the independence of Scotland, men were said to give
    warning of the English army approaching … by a ‘williwaw’…a high-pitched
    wolf sound that sent chills down the spine.

•   An Inuit word, describing the viciously cold wind that descended from
    the snow and ice fields of the Alaskan Panhandle, greatly accelerated by
    the force of gravity and feared by the British seamen in the 19th century
    who came across it whilst sailing along the Alaskan fjords and Straits of
A viciously cold
wind of the
           ‘P’ words…Portmanteau Words
Lewis Carroll…nonsense language.

‘Alice Through the Looking Glass’…Humpty Dumpty‘ Well, slithy means lithe and slimy…you
see, it’s like a Portmanteau’ ……….blending together the meanings of two words.
(French…porter…to carry… and manteau…mantle…..a huge bag that has two sections)

• Galumph ( gallop /triumphant)…originally described the swagger
  of the boy who slew the jabberwocky and went ‘gallumping’ back.

• Chortle (chuckle/snort)…onomatopaeic for a rich, throaty gurgle
  of laughter.
             ‘P’ words…Palindromes
Word, phrase, sentence read forwards or backwards…says the
same thing.

ewe          rotor       level        dad            radar     sos          pip

don’t nod       deer breed           civic             oxo            pop

mum          minim     kayak       toot          nan          wet stew

we sew          was it a car or a cat I saw              Derek, I like red

he did huh           race fast, safe car                 never odd or even

In words, drown I         redder             refer            solos
        ‘P’ words…Pandemonium words
In the 2nd half of 19th century ‘pandemonium’ came to mean chaos and
commotion. Encourage use in creative writing to create mood and vivid

uproar          volatile   explosive    jangling
  stormy           thunderous     nightmarish                   frenzy

furore    jittery     hurly-burly    disastrous
  raucous      fevered       tumultuous    squall

seismic    convulsive                  disquiet          rumbustious
   frisson     cacophony                  rasping           rowdy
Lost for Words?                                  ‘SAID’
Nothing is guaranteed to bore a teacher more than the repetition of ‘said’ in a piece of writing.

Quietly does it…
assumed blushed cowered dreamed dithered
acquiesced dribbled drooled gulped hesitated
hummed lamented reflected whispered twittered
yawned sighed purred sniffed vowed quivered

Loudly does it…
wailed boomed exploded erupted cackled
bickered howled yapped bellowed objected
jabbered hollered hissed grizzled fumed
interrupted swaggered squawked roared rasped

Have a ‘Wall of Words’ which children can use in creative writing.
When used correctly, reward ! Competition…who can include the most?
Mood                    Speed                   Impediment

bumped     frolicked    ambled      dawdled     limped   fumbled
squirmed   gyrate       pottered breezed        flagged muddled along
lunged     writhed      meandered paced         teetered hobbled
blitzed  fluttered by   strolled coasted        tottered
forayed   jaunted        hot-footed it          lolloped
duck and dived          gushed    sprang        puffed and panted
snuck in   trekked      steam-rollered          crawled on hands and
wriggled    tiptoed     warped     loitered     knees
swaggered stomped       cantered dashed         staggered laboured
gambolled trounced      trickled                doddered

flurried     lingered   propelled    galloped   slogged jostled
vaulted hopped          scarpered     scooted   floundered shuffled
shillied and shallied   catapaulted streaked    buckled drudged
wafted       rambled    gushed darted surged    wheezed wobbled
The formation of a word whose sound suggests the
meaning of that word.

Another ‘whizz’ topic for investigation or play ‘BINGO’
blip    brrrr!     splish splosh    shoo!    yuk!
  buzz     plop!   crackle boing!     zing sh!sh!
ping beep          swoosh fizz      glug glug zonk
pitter-patter      click-clack      vroom vroom!
achoo! woof!       honk gurgle       hush! coo
whoosh gush        kerplunk! zap!   boo hiss
chuff neigh        eek! biff           clank  bong!
meow!              swish            flush
beep phew!         oink oink!       choo choo! moo
clomp clang        psst! whoops     aaarh! swoosh
whirr sizzle       crunch squelch   cuckoo ouch!
slurp              chirp sniff      tick-tock
Using pictures to
generate new
Whatever topic or theme for a story or
Poem, in Geography, History, Drama or
Science, use pictures to stimulate
language and build vocabulary.
         Word Trees…anger and calm
apoplectic affronted cantankerous irate flaring flaming
pugnacious    incensed    rankled     venomous       vindictive
quarrelsome ruffled       scorching     resentful loathing
rampage gripe       brusque crusty embittered           offensive
huffy riled     ranting fractious       go berserk     rancour
wrath malicious     hot under the collar hopping mad fiery
furious bluster inflammable         vexed    snarling   ratty
spitting mad truculent     spiteful    seething     uncontrollable

assuage placid     pacify     conciliatory     peaceful     tame
unperturbed    placate restrained       sanctuary     sedate
tranquil nonchalant     halcyon coolness cradling          sombre
composed becalmed        convivial    balmy      appeased      lull
truce settled      serene serenity       slumber relaxed
lulled   sober    soothing     reposeful     restive    restrained
passivity passive    solace     warmth      wistful     gently
hopeful    meek mild      homely cosy         diplomatic softly
ETYMOLOGICAL Investigations…Where do these words come from
originally? What do they mean? How did they get into our language?
                       Use in ‘Call My Bluff’.

sandwich             buccaneer                     blitz

               tally                                  curfew

 eavesdrop           cadge                    flabbergast


marathon             flamboyant                 scavenger
  Idioms and Cliches
Choose a topic. Write theme in centre of huge circle. Put in
as many idioms and cliches about that topic as can be found.

All fingers and thumbs     fight tooth and nail Putting a brave face on it
 Bite your tongue     Got egg on his face      On tip of my tongue
Hit the nail on the head       See eye to eye        Watch your mouth
    Cat got your tongue    Pulling your leg     Cost an arm and a leg
Two left feet     Head in the clouds        Hour-glass figure Doe-eyed

                    Parts of the body.
Having cold feet       Two-faced       Pins and needles in my fingers
    Head and shoulders above the rest        Memory like a sieve
A real brainbox     A back as straight as a rod      Tongue-tied
  Have itchy feet       He’s an old hand at this        Learn by heart
Under your thumb        Under your feet         Stick your neck out
    Eyes bigger than his stomach          Eyes in the back of her head
Has not got a leg to stand on     Keep eyes peeled     Fingers crossed
Anglo-Saxon in origin….described something without using its
name…used a compound phrase instead which described its
appearance or actions.

Eg. ‘ Night- hunter’ for a wolf.
     ‘ Sea- raider’ for their boats.
     ‘ Death-bringer’ for their swords.
     ‘Sea –steed’ for a ship.
     ‘ Sky-candle’ for the sun.
     ‘ Battle-sweat’ for blood.
     ‘ The whale’s- way’ for the sea.
     ‘ Blood-ember’ for an axe.
     ‘Sun of the houses’ for fire.

Modern day possibilities…
‘Dream machine’ for a bike.
‘Squirrel highways’ for an oak tree.
‘Black coat of the road’ for asphalt.
‘Yellow hem of the sea’s blue skirt’
for sand on a beach.
            Karmadharaya      (from SANSKRIT)

A compound word in which the first half
is an adjective that describes the second
half, which is a noun.
blueberry     gentleman    foulmouth
highlight     blackboard   broadband
downtown      highway      blackberry
short-term    redhead      blacklist
sidestep      downsize     crazy-paving
whitewash     blackbird    overrate
overhang      oversize      overweight
loudmouth     underpass     superhuman
BIG words for
little words
‘Big’ and ‘little’ are great words for the very young when building up their bank of vocabulary
…but the universe of ‘big’ and ‘little’ needs to then be greatly extended, because of the dynamic
creative influence it can offer in writing and when speaking.

quick~~ expeditious                 wrong~~erroneous                  think~~cogitate

improve~~ameliorate                foe~~ adversary                   try~~endeavour

near~~adjacent                 bias~~prejudice                    noisy~~boisterous

left~~abandoned                  lack~~deficiency                 gossip~~confabulate

bold~~audacious                home~~domicile                  sky~~firmament

secret~~clandestine               roomy~~commodious                   gallant~~chivalrous

puzzling~~enigmatic               renew~~renovate                defer~~procrastinate
  Another sort of BIG and little words
Sort into ‘BIG’ synonym words and   ‘little’
 synonym words.

Then sort again into size…largest to

Then choose one and try to find its
large            phenomenal   huge              bounteous
spacious         profuse      immeasurable     Titanic
bulky            boundless    vast             substantial
abundant        cavernous     mountainous      volcanic
considerable    jumbo         whopping         monumental
immense         significant   Herculean        Olympic
grandiose       cosmic

itsy-bitsy      weasly        elfin             negligible
scrimpy         scanty        inconsiderable    dot
diminutive       micro        titchy            meagre
spartan         trifling      Lilliputian       paltry
infinitesimal    puny         microscopic      ant-like
miniscule        trivial      smidgen          teeny-weeny
    What can you do with the longest word?
Webster’s International Unabridged Dictionary

Break word up into ‘keys’ to find meanings…
1.   Pneumon= lung, to do with breathing
2.   oultra = beyond, exceeding
3.   micro = minute, small by comparison
4.   scop    = watch, see
5.   ic      = like, the nature of
6.   silico   = flint
7.   volcano = volcano
8.   koni     = dust
9.   osis     = disease

So…the meaning is: A lung disease caused by inhaling dust like silicon and
volcanic ash particles, so minute that, in order to see them, a microscope,
which exceeds the ordinary, is needed.
                    But what to do with it?
•   Use in ‘Call My Bluff’

• Write (carefully) on board and find
as many smaller words as possible from it.

• Find other words that begin with ‘Pneum…’
and their meanings.

•   It’s a sesquipedalian word    ( a long word).
Find other sesquipedalian words…
(eg antejentacular…pre-breakfast / discombobulated…thrown into a state of confusion /
    pugnacious…quarrelsome/ quotidian…everyday, commonplace / mendacious…dishonest)

Play the Sesquipedalian Game.

•   Count the vowels…how many times do they appear? What’s the most
    used ? What do you think is the most common vowel in the English
 Is yours a Questioning

Do you ask the same level questions all
the time or do you ‘raise the tide’ for all
your children by asking higher level
questions some of the time?
   The language of Bloom’s Taxonomy of thinking
         skills…asking the right questions.
Lower Order Skills:
Remembering: recognise, list, describe, retrieve, name, find, tell, show, label,
   collect, who what when why where
Understanding: interpret, summarise, paraphrase, classify, explain,
contrast, predict, examine, estimate, discuss.

Applying: implement, carry out, use, execute, demonstrate, calculate, relate,
discover, classify, solve, modify.

Higher Order Skills:
Analysing: compare, organise, deconstruct, interrogate, analyse, order, select,
  deduce, infer, discriminate.
Evaluating: check, hypothesise, judge, assess, grade, rank, conclude,, convince,
  recommend, persuade, summarise.
Creating: design, produce, construct, plan, invent, reorganise, substitute,
  integrate, compose, formulate, rewrite.
Using Bloom’s questioning Language with Tony Ryan’s
‘Thinkers’ Keys’ eg The Environment

1.The Reverse Key: Name 6 things that cannot be destroyed
by humans.     (LOS Remembering) (DISCOVER=MOS Applying / CONVINCE= HOSEvaluating)

2.The Disadvantages Key: Explain the disadvantages of
cutting down trees. (LOS Understanding) ( DISCOVER=MOS Applying)
      (PERSUADE=HOS Evaluating)

3. The Variations Key: Tell us about the effectiveness
    of different ways of cleaning up oil spills.
(LOS Remembering) (ASSESS =HOS Analysing) (DESIGN=HOS Creating)

4. The Brainstorming Key: Why should we recycle?
(LOS Remembering) (CONVINCE=HOS Evaluating) (ANALYSE=HOS Analysing)
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