ELEMENTS OF DRAMA Mr. Whitehead STRUCTURAL PATTERN The Beginning - sets the scene and introduces us to the characters and their problems, or conflicts; The Middle – develops the conflict which grows until it reaches a climax; The Resolution – solves the characters’ problems or ends the drama’s conflict. DESCRIPTION Dramas do not contain as much description as stories. They incorporate description into the scenery, which are the onstage surroundings. ACTS AND SCENES Acts are the larger parts of a drama. An act may have one or more scenes 1. Which of the following best describes how a drama is divided? A. Acts are divided into scenes. B. Scenes are divided into scenes only. C. Dramas are divided into scenes only. D. Dramas are divided into acts only, TERMS TO KNOW Act – a major part of a drama (each act is usually made up of smaller parts called scenes.) Actor – the person who acts out the part of a character Aside – a few lines spoken to the audience and supposedly not heard by other actors on stage. TERMS TO KNOW Cast – the characters in a drama, and the actors who play those characters Comedy – drama that is written to be humorous Dialogue – the spoken words between actors on stage Director – the person in charge of the cast, the crew, and the overall production of a drama. TERMS TO KNOW Dramatic Irony – occurs when there is a contrast between what the audience knows and what the characters onstage believe to be true. Foreshadowing – hits about what will happen that are given to the audience without giving the actual conclusion. Playwright – the authors of a drama TERMS TO FOLLOW scenes – the subdivisions of a drama’s act scene design – the creation of the set used in a play; also called “set design”. set – the stage and scenery used in a drama. soliloquy – a reflective monologue given by a character when alone on the stage. stage – a platform upon which the actors move and speak. TERMS TO KNOW Stage directions – instructions that tell the actors where and how to move and how to speak their lines. Tragedy – drama that involves a main character who meets his or her downfall as a consequence of some tragic character flaw. DIALOGUE The dialogue of a drama is very important. It not onely tells he audience what the characters feel, think, have done, and plan to do. It also helps the audience follow the plot of the drama.
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