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									ELEMENTS OF DRAMA   Mr. Whitehead

 The Beginning - sets the scene and introduces
 us to the characters and their problems, or
 The Middle – develops the conflict which
 grows until it reaches a climax;
 The Resolution – solves the characters’
 problems or ends the drama’s conflict.

 Dramas do not contain as much description
 as stories.
 They incorporate description into the scenery,
 which are the onstage surroundings.
                ACTS AND SCENES

 Acts are the larger parts of a drama. An act
 may have one or more scenes
   1. Which of the following best describes how a
      drama is divided?
    A.   Acts are divided into scenes.
    B.   Scenes are divided into scenes only.
    C.   Dramas are divided into scenes only.
    D.   Dramas are divided into acts only,
             TERMS TO KNOW

Act – a major part of a drama (each act is
 usually made up of smaller parts called
Actor – the person who acts out the part of a
Aside – a few lines spoken to the audience
 and supposedly not heard by other actors on
             TERMS TO KNOW

Cast – the characters in a drama, and the
 actors who play those characters
Comedy – drama that is written to be
Dialogue – the spoken words between actors
 on stage
Director – the person in charge of the cast,
 the crew, and the overall production of a
             TERMS TO KNOW

Dramatic Irony – occurs when there is a
 contrast between what the audience knows
 and what the characters onstage believe to be
Foreshadowing – hits about what will happen
 that are given to the audience without giving
 the actual conclusion.
Playwright – the authors of a drama
            TERMS TO FOLLOW

 scenes – the subdivisions of a drama’s act
 scene design – the creation of the set used in
 a play; also called “set design”.
 set – the stage and scenery used in a drama.
 soliloquy – a reflective monologue given by a
 character when alone on the stage.
 stage – a platform upon which the actors
 move and speak.
              TERMS TO KNOW

 Stage directions – instructions that tell the
 actors where and how to move and how to
 speak their lines.
 Tragedy – drama that involves a main
 character who meets his or her downfall as a
 consequence of some tragic character flaw.

 The dialogue of a drama is very important. It
 not onely tells he audience what the
 characters feel, think, have done, and plan to
 do. It also helps the audience follow the plot
 of the drama.

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