Henry VIII. (1491 – 1547) King of England, King of Ireland, Prince of Wales Parts of his life • Early life and first marriage • Second wife Anne Boleyn • Birth of a prince and death of his third wife, Queen Jane • Mistresses • Later years and death • Henry VIII. as a killer Early life and first marriage • He was born at Palace of Placentia in Greenwich. Henry VIII was the second child of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. • When he was three, he was created Duke of York and he was given extensive education. • 1509 – he became a king after his brother´s death (1502) Early life and first marriage • At first, he was a catholic • His wife Catherine of Aragon couldn't have a baby, so he wanted a divorce. He asked pope Clement VII for annulment X didn´t get it => he proclaimed independence Church on pope and made the Anglican Church Second wife Anne Boleyn • Henry divorced and married with Anne Boleyn • Pope reacted by moving to excommunicate Henry in 1533 • Henry and Anne had child, Princess Elizabeth • Anne Boleyn was the most important Henry´s wife because of reform of Church and create of The Anglican Church Second wife Anne Boleyn • 1536- She was executed for adulterous with five other men, for incest with her brother George Boleyn (he was executed too) and for conspiracy to kill Henry. Birth of a prince and death of his third wife, Queen Jane • Few days after Anne´s execution, Henry found another woman- Jane Seymour • They have only one male offspring – Prince Edward, the future Edward VI Birth of a prince and death of his third wife, Queen Jane • 1537 – Jane died of puerperal fever => entire court mourned with Henry for many days • Henry considered Jane to be his only „true“ wife (because of only male offspring) Mistresses • The first mistress of Henry was Anne Hastings, wife of Georg Hastings. She ended in monastery. • Second was Jane Popincourt, who left with Duke of Longueville to France when Henry was bored with her. Mistresses • Another Mistress was Mary Boleyn. She was sister of Anne Boleyn. • She had two children (maybe with Henry), but he never admitted them as his own. Mistresses • Last mistress was Elizabeth Blount, who had with Henry one son – Henry FitzRoy • He became Duke of Richmond and married Mary Howard. He died three years later. Later years and death • Henry desired to marry again – with Anne Cleves. • Although he found her unattractive, he married her in 1540 • After while he decided to end the marriage. Later years and death • 1540 – Henry married young Catherine Howard, Anne Boleyn´s first cousin. • Henry was delighted with his new queen. • Soon after marriage, Catherine had affair with courtier Thomas Culpeper and she was in her 18 years executed Later years and death • His last wife was widow Catherine Parr • She argued with Henry over religion, she was radical but Henry was conservative => this almost led to her death X she helped Henry with his first two daughters • She over lived Henry and died in 1548 Henry VIII. as a killer • Henry during his life executed: • 2 queens • 12 dukes • 2 cardinals • 164 members of • 2 archbishops aristocracy • 18 bishops • 153 townsman • 13 abbots • 110 pure women • 500 priors • Unknown number of religious • 38 doctors of theology and justice Thanks for your time!!