Enlightenment Ideas & Revolution Review Sheet Define the following terms: 1. human nature 5. salons 9. supply and demand 13. revolution 2. state of nature 6. censorship 10. lassiez faire 3. divine right 7. natural rights 11. free market 4. social contract 8. separation of powers 12. bourgeoisie Know the ideas of the following Enlightenment Thinkers: 1. John Locke 4. Voltaire 7. Adam Smith 2. Thomas Hobbes 5. Rousseau 3. Montesquieu 6. Mary Wollstonecraft Know the significance of the following: 1. Tennis Court Oath 6. Storming of the Bastille 2. Women’s March to Versailles 7. Declaration of Rights of Man 3. Constitution of 1791 8. Reign of Terror 4. Marie Antoinette 9. Robespierre 5. King Louis XVI 10. Napoleon Be able to answer the following: 1. How did the Scientific Revolution lead to the Enlightenment? 2. Why did the leaders want to keep the ideas of the Enlightenment from spreading? 3. How did Enlightenment ideas begin to spread around the world? 4. How did the peasants initially respond to Enlightenment ideas? 5. How did Enlightenment ideas inspire the American Revolution? 6. What led to the American Revolution? 7. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence and when was it written? 8. How are John Locke’s ideas found in the Declaration of Independence? 9. How are Enlightenment ideas found in the Constitution? 10. What are the differences between an absolute monarchy and a constitutional monarchy? (2 differences) 11. What types of people are in the 1st Estate, 2nd Estate, and 3rd Estate? 12. Why was the 3rd Estate resentful of the upper estates? 13. What were the three economic troubles faced by the people of France? 14. Explain the four causes of the French Revolution. 15. What big change did the Constitution of 1791 make? 16. What happened to King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette? 17. What was the guillotine? 18. What rights did women temporarily gain during the Revolution? 19. How were the ideas of the Enlightenment reflected in the French Declaration of the Rights of Man? 20. How are the French Revolution and American Revolution similar? ** The test will consist of multiple choice, matching, short answer and essay. ** Completion of this review sheet, in its entirety will result in a 10% increase in your test grade. All answers must be completed. Failure to answer a single question will result in zero credit for this review sheet. No late assignments accepted- due day of test. ** If you complete the sheet you will get bonus points & if you study it you will be successful on the test.